How To Move Through Temporary Insanity

Most people walk around thinking lots of crazy, fear-induced thoughts that they never reveal verbally to another human. What if people really knew what you were thinking?

Some years ago I had a severe reaction to poison oak. I was covered from my shoulders to my ankles. I went to the doctor immediately and requested a shot. All that got me was another reaction and I swelled up like a blimp. I thought I might pop!

In bed at night, I would find myself scratching away in frenzy at my skin. It didn’t help; it just made me itch more, and I was bruised from all the scratching. I felt like I was going insane.

My mind told me not to scratch; the itching will just get worse. But my reaction was to scratch myself to misery. Doesn’t make sense, right?!

This is how it feels when you’re in a state of stress or anxiety.

There is a part of you that knows the logical truth. But you ignore your insights and head straight into reactions and thoughts that cause misery. It feels like a state of temporary insanity. It’s easy to observe in yourself once you return to your natural state of being.

Many entrepreneurs slip into a temporary state of insanity regarding money. They ignore their inner wisdom and think they have no control.

A process begins in the mind that paints a picture of disaster and pain that has not yet occurred. Your body and emotions react as if the picture is real. Soon you feel alone in the situation, not able to get a handle on yourself. The negative thoughts won’t stop. Argh!

If you can talk to someone who’s not attached to the situation and who can think logically, do it as soon as you notice your state of temporary insanity.

You might feel that sharing your situation with someone is too embarrassing. Trust me, I understand the courage it takes. But I know that I’ve never regretted asking for support.

It helps to get out of your head and focus on a solution. And someone else can offer a different perspective that may ease you back into your normal state of mind.

The fastest way out of temporary insanity is to realize that you’re not in your right state of mind that minute. Acknowledge that your thoughts are not real. They are being produced by fear.

Fear comes when you feel that you don’t have control over something and the results aren’t going to be to your liking. Usually when a fear-based thought comes up, it is a worst-case scenario… focusing on the past or the future.

It helps to breathe and ask yourself to become present. Suspend all thinking of the situation for a moment. This will give you time to come back into your body.

Then ask yourself, “What are the true facts about this event?”

Not your interpretations, just the facts. Then deal with just the facts. I know when you’re in the middle of something it may be difficult to set emotions aside. It helps if you don’t talk about the “story” or your fears in length. The more you talk about it in detail, the more you’ll react to it.

If you are a person who wants a lot out of life, you will tend to get more passionate about everything. Many of my coaches and mentors over the years have reminded me to not be hard on myself when I realize I’ve been in deep fear… so I’m reminding you to do the same.

All that matters is that you find your center again. Remember who you are. You can create any darn thing you please. But you can’t get there if you stay a prisoner to your fear.

How To Treat Acne And Pimples: Kiss Your Breakouts Goodbye!

If you don’t know the proper way to deal with acne breakouts, then you can feel pretty helpless when they occur. Sometimes it may seem as if your zits can pop up out of nowhere, and they always seem to appear at only the most inopportune times. However, with a little knowledge you will realize not only why these breakouts occur but also how to treat acne and pimples in the most effective manner possible.

Zits and Pimples tend to appear when the skins oil producing glands become clogged. This can happen either because of an excess of oil or grease, or because of any number of external factors. In order to successfully combat outbreaks of pimples it is important to do what you can to both keep excess oil from accumulating on your skin and to keep external grime from coming into contact with your face when possible.

There is a reason your face tends to get more acne than any other part of your body: not only does your facial skin tend to produce more oil than the rest of your body, but there are actually a few things that you probably do on a daily basis that cause your face to become dirty. If you can break these simple habits then you will already have a massive leg up on treating your acne and pimples:

TRY NOT TO TOUCH YOUR FACE: Your face is naturally oily, but your hands are even oilier. This fact is even more pronounced if you hands aren’t clean. When your face and hands come into contact, you are just piling even more grease onto your facial skin. This process can lead to an excess of oil that can clog pores and cause blemishes to appear. The less you touch your face, the less likely it is for oil to build up in this manner.

WEAR LESS MAKEUP: Although makeup is commonly used to disguise acne and pimples, it actually can further exacerbate the problem. When used in excess, makeup can clog pores just like oil, and can lead to more breakouts. Try to only use makeup when absolutely necessary, or cut it out completely. The same can be said about facial moisturizers or really any cosmetic product applied to the face. Use all of these products in moderation, and be sure to thoroughly wash them off your face before going to bed each night.

KEEP HAIR OFF YOUR FACE: Your hair is made of dead skin cells, and is essentially just as greasy as your hands or face. It is important to avoid prolonged contact between hair and the face. If you have bangs, you might have noticed a greater concentration of pimples on your forehead; this is because the skin on your forehead is constantly absorbing grease from your hair. If possible you may think about cutting your hair shorter or at least putting your hair up in a ponytail. It is especially important to focus on this at night before bed. If you sleep with your hair down you are putting your face in constant contact with your hair for several hours every day.

TAKE A MULTIVITAMIN- multivitamins usually contain several important nutrients to fight acne breakouts and promote skin health in general. Look for a vitamin rich in zinc, chromium, and vitamin A.

Well there you have it, now you know a few simple ways how to treat acne and pimples. These solutions offer a good foundation for ridding yourself of breakouts today!

Botulism – the Rare But Potentially Fatal Foodborne Illness

All my life I’ve been a little fearful of eating home-canned beans, because of the rare but potentially fatal illness caused by the Clostridium botulinum bacterium. The botulinum toxin produced by this bacterium is one of the most lethal natural toxins known to man. Now that my organic garden is overflowing with fresh beans, and I can’t possibly eat them all fresh, my mind has turned again to this microscopic organism, which lives naturally in the soil.

Eating poorly prepared food isn’t actually the only way you can be sickened by this type of bacteria. It is also possible for the bacterium to infect an open wound, (often caused when drug users share needles), and babies can sometimes be sickened by consuming the spores of the bacteria. Fortunately, the incidence of botulism poisoning is quite rare – only an average of 110 cases are reported in the United states each year. The majority of these cases, 72%, are infant botulism, and 25% are caused by eating contaminated food.

Infants can be infected by eating honey, corn syrup or other sweetener that contains dormant bacterial spores, so parents are warned to not give honey in any form to babies under one year old. Once the child begins to eat solid food, stomach acids will kill the bacterial spores and prevent them from growing.

As a gardener, it is the food-born illness that most concerns me, and the list of symptoms and side effects makes it reasonable to be concerned. Botulism is a paralytic illness, and the symptoms are very similar to those of people who are having a stroke. Symptoms can include difficulty swallowing, drooping eyelids, muscle weakness, and double or blurred vision. These symptoms can occur anywhere from 6 hours to 10 days after eating contaminated food. Patients treated for this illness can be on a ventilator for weeks, under intensive medical care. Paralysis will slowly improve over a number of weeks if the illness is diagnosed early enough. In the past, up to 1/2 of the people contracting the illness dies, but medical care has now reduced the fatality rate to 8%. Patients may continue to feel tired and have difficulty breathing for years after recovering from this illness.

Clostridium botulinum bacteria grow and multiply in oxygen-free environments that are high in moisture and low in acidity. This is an excellent description of the inside of a jar of low-acid vegetables. High levels of sugar can help reduce the production of the bacteria, and its toxins. The bacteria are killed when vegetables are canned under high heat and pressure, the way store-bought canned goods are processed.

My parents canned thousands of jars of beans over the years, but were always careful to follow the common practice of boiling the beans for at least 10 minutes before eating them. The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) agrees that this is a good idea. It also makes sense to use the most recent home canning advice from the US Department of Agriculture, since new methods are being developed all the time. It just pays to be safe if you can low-acid foods, like beans, asparagus, beets, and corn.

People have also been known to be sickened by botulinum bacterium growing in chopped garlic stored in oil, which should always be kept refrigerated, and in
potatoes baked in aluminum foil, if the potatoes are left in the foil and are not refrigerated.

Do frozen vegetables pose the same dangers as home-canned produce? According to the USDA Safe Food Handling Fact Sheet, “Food stored constantly at 0o F will always be safe. Freezing keeps food safe by slowing the movement of molecules, causing microbes to enter a dormant stage. Freezing preserves food for extended periods because it prevents the growth of microorganisms that cause both food spoilage and foodborne illness.”

However, the same document goes on to say that freezing does not kill bacteria – it simply puts it into dormancy. As soon as the food is thawed, the bacteria can begin to grow and multiply, just as they can in any food. To be safe, use up any thawed (and even fresh) veggies as soon as possible, and keep any left-overs in the fridge.

Leukemia – The "White Blood" Disease

Introduction

Leukemia or leukaemia meaning white blood (Greek leukos, “white”; aima, “blood”) is a cancer of the blood or bone marrow and is characterized by an abnormal growth of blood cells, usually white blood cells (leukocytes)and is split into its acute and chronic forms. It can affect the digestive tract, kidneys, lungs, or other parts of the body and can also collect in the testicles causing swelling. Leukemia is one of the most common cancers of children, But isn’t just a children’s disease, as many think. It is newly diagnosed in about 29,000 adults and 2000 children each year in the United States and has four main types and many sub-types of which only some of them are common among children. Leukemia that has spread to the brain may produce central nervous system effects, such as headaches, seizures, weakness, blurred vision, balance difficulties, or vomiting and the disease, or the chemotherapy used to treat it, can cause anemia.

Acute Leukemia

Acute leukemia is characterized by the rapid increase of immature blood cells, and is a potentially curable disease; However only a small number of patients are cured with current therapy. It begins with one or a few white blood cells that have a lost or damaged DNA sequence and gets worse very fast and may make you feel sick right away. It tends to develop suddenly, whereas some chronic varieties may exist for years before they are even diagnosed. Immediate treatment is required due to the rapid progression and accumulation of the malignant cells, which then spill over into the bloodstream and spread to other organs of the body. Whereas acute leukemia must be treated immediately, chronic forms are sometimes monitored for some time before treatment to ensure maximum effectiveness of therapy.

Chronic Leukemia

Chronic leukemia is distinguished by the excessive build up of relatively mature, but still abnormal, blood cells and often goes undetected for many years until it is identified in a routine blood test. It is more common between ages 40 and 70 and is rare among young people. It tends to gets worse slowly and may not cause symptoms for years. Like many other cancers, it is a disease of old age. Doctors often find chronic leukemia during a routine checkup, before there are any noticeable symptoms. In adults, the acute forms occur in those of all ages, whereas the chronic varieties tend to occur in people older than 40 years. Although slow-growing chronic leukemia may also be seen in children, it is very rare, accounting for fewer than 50 cases in children each year in the United States.

Treatment

Treatment of leukemia is complex and it depends on your age and health, the type and how far it has spread. Treatment is generally considered necessary when the patient shows signs and symptoms such as low blood cell counts. In general, ALL treatment is divided into several phases. In children, an intensive 6-month treatment program is needed after induction, followed by 2 years of maintenance chemotherapy. For children with low-risk, standard therapy usually consists of three drugs (prednisone, L-asparaginase, and vincristine) for the first month of treatment. High-risk patients receive higher drug doses plus treatment with extra chemotherapeutic agents. Follow-up therapy for ALL patients usually consists of: supportive care, such as intravenous nutrition and treatment with oral antibiotics.

In general, the indications for treatment are: falling hemoglobin or platelet count, progression to a later stage of disease, painful, disease-related overgrowth of lymph nodes or spleen, lymphocyte doubling time (an indicator of lymphocyte reproduction) of fewer than 12 months. Overall, the strategy is to control bone marrow and systemic (whole-body) disease while offering specific treatment for the central nervous system (CNS), if necessary. Consolidation or “maintenance” treatments may be given to prevent disease recurrence once remission has been achieved. Whatever the plan, it is important for the patient to understand the treatment that is being given and the reasons behind the choice.

Conclusion

Leukemia is a cancer of blood-forming cells in the bone marrow. These cells crowd out other types of blood cells produced by the bone marrow, including red blood cells, which carry oxygen to tissues throughout your body, and platelets, which help form blood clots. Leukemia cells can spread to the lymph nodes or other organs causing swelling and/or pain and can also collect in the kidney, liver and spleen, causing enlargement of these organs. They also can affect the lungs and other parts of the body. Acute forms can occur in children and young adults. Chronic forms mostly occurs in older people, but can theoretically occur in any age group.

There is no single known cause for all of the different types of leukemia. Studies have linked exposure to petrochemicals, such as benzene, and hair dyes to the development of some forms. Viruses have been linked to other forms. Until the cause or causes are found, there is no known way to prevent the occurrence of the disease. As of 1998, it is estimated that each year, approximately 30,800 individuals will be diagnosed with the disease in the United States and 21,700 individuals will die of the disease.

Bottle Feeding Baby – Keeping It Clean

Breastfeeding mothers can have many problems but one thing they don’t have to think about is keeping their milk clean and germ-free. Bottle feeding mothers don’t have this luxury. Cleanliness is paramount when bottle feeding your baby.

If you’ve decided to bottle feed your child then you must first acquire the correct equipment. First on your list should be an adequate bottle sterilizer. There are several different types to choose from. The cheapest option available is to buy a bottle sterilizer that works by placing it in a microwave. Their big advantage is cheapness, but they do have a couple of drawbacks; first you must thoroughly clean your microwave after cooking spicy food. Secondly, portability can be problematic. A more expensive option is to purchase an electric bottle sterilizer. You simply wash your baby’s bottle and then place them into a plastic tray, which is then placed into the sterilizer. This is the best way to sterilize your baby’s milk bottles, however, be sure to place only the amount of water into the sterilizer as specified by the manufacturers – don’t put more than is recommended. Finally, you can purchase an electric/microwave combination. Basically, this means you can place the interior tray into a microwave rather than using the electric unit. Whichever type you purchase, don’t forget to wash it occasionally.

Ensure that you wash your baby’s bottles correctly. Use a bottle washer especially made for cleaning babies bottles. Wash bottles in warm soapy water and use salt to clean the teats. Make sure use rinse thoroughly after cleaning. Never sterilize your baby’s bottles with the teat or caps left on.

Germs require 3 things to thrive; water, sugar and warmth. Infant formula can provide ideal conditions for germs to breed. Always make infant formula just before you need to and discard any that is left over after feeding. Never give your baby milk that was made for a previous feed; would you like to drink milk that has been left standing for hours in a warm room? Also, when travelling, never make formula in advance. It is better to take hot water and mix the milk powder just before feeding. It might be worthwhile buying ready-to-use for long distance trips.

Never share your baby’s bottle with another infant, even with other siblings. Sharing is the surest way to spread germs from one baby to another. Make sure your own hands are clean before you prepare your baby’s formula.

Take care of your baby’s teeth. Bottle feeding tooth decay is a real risk. Infant formula usually contains more sugar that breast milk. You should never put baby to bed with a bottle, which the baby can suck on for hours. The sugary liquid flows over the baby’s upper front teeth and dissolves the enamel, causing decay that can lead to infection. The longer the practice continues the more damage to the baby’s teeth and mouth. Treatment is very expensive.

Bottle feeding will provide your child with all the nutrients it needs. By following the guidelines above, you can also ensure that bottle feeding is as germ-free and safe as breastfeeding.

Peptic Ulcer Symptoms

Ulcers that develop in the stomach are known as gastric or peptic ulcers. These ulcers are generally quite painful, and the pain is felt immediately after eating something. It lasts for about one to one and a half hours – this is the time taken ordinarily to digest food – and then it subsides. Due to peptic ulcers, the person dreads eating anything and there is high probability that they may become undernourished.The most common symptoms of peptic ulcer are a burning pain between the navel and the breastbone. Some people also have back pain. The pain can last for a few hours and again come back to last for weeks. Some sufferers of peptic ulcer may experience loss of appetite and weight loss, vomiting, bloating or nausea. Black stools may be another symptom and these symptoms vary from one person to another.Peptic ulcers can be developed either at the level of the duodenum or at the level of the stomach. Duodenal peptic ulcers are generally less serious, while stomach peptic ulcers can lead to serious complications. In the absence of an appropriate medical treatment, stomach peptic ulcer can lead to perforated ulcer or bleeding ulcer, disorders that require immediate medical intervention.

Peptic ulcers can sometimes develop into more serious disorders. As a result of complications, peptic ulcer may lead to perforate or bleeding ulcer. These two forms of ulcer are considered to be very dangerous, research results indicating a high probability of death due to such complications. Perforate ulcer involves severe tearing of the mucosal membrane, causing acute pain and sourness at the abdominal level. Bleeding ulcer involves internal hemorrhages and it needs immediate medical intervention. Most forms of perforate and bleeding ulcer require surgery due to their gravity.If you are a smoker, you need to quit. Smoking has been shown in studies to aggravate the healing process of ulcers and it has also been linked to the recurrence of ulcers. In fact, some studies have shown a direct connection between smoking and the development of ulcers, so this is definitely one habit that you will want to break.

There are some factors which leads to the apearance of the peptic ulcer like: infection with bacteria called Helicobacter Pylori; certain medicines like aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) such as ibuprofen, naproxen and diclofenac;smoking and alcohol.In many cases the majority of people have abdominal pain, below the chest bone,but there are also people without symptoms.In the case of gastric ulcer a sharp pain may occur soon after eating, and the pain caused by the duodenal ulcer is relieved by eating or by drinking milk. Other unpleasant symptoms of the peptic ulcer are belching, general discomfort in the stomach,loss of appetite,nausea, vomiting, loss of weight.Some of the main causes of the occurrence of peptic ulcers mostly could be by the consumption of a lot of alcohol, or by excessive coffee drinking which induces high caffeine intake, or even by regular ingestion of aspirin. Other irritants could also be bile and bacteria among others. They are also caused by an increase in acid secretion and a reduction in mucus production. For some people, peptic ulcers occur due to genetics, as they are pre-disposed to developing these ulcers hereditarily.

Probably the best course of action to take would be to have a doctor prescribe an antibiotic or other such prescription drug that could help eliminate the peptic ulcer disease. This offers a more permanent solution that simply using over the counter (OTC) antacids exclusively.

Benefits of Eating a Low Cholesterol Diet

The liver makes most of the cholesterol in the body, but dietary cholesterol plays an important role in controlling all the cholesterol levels in the body. The levels include the total cholesterol and the good and bad cholesterol. Good cholesterol, the HDL (high-density lipoproteins), protects the heart by helping to transport excess cholesterol from the arteries back to the liver for breakdown and disposal. On the other hand, the bad LDL (low-density lipoproteins) cholesterol builds up plaque that clogs the arteries and hinders normal blood flow. A low cholesterol diet should not only reduce the total cholesterol and LDL levels, it must also increase the HDL level at the same time.

Dietary Cholesterol

The main sources of dietary cholesterol are animal-derived foods rich in cholesterol and saturated fats, such as organ meats, egg yolk, butter and other full-cream dairy products. Trans fats (as those in deep-fried foods) and hydrogenated fats (as those in bakery items) are the other culprits. In a low cholesterol diet, you would replace saturated fats with polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fats such as oils of olive, canola, peanut, flaxseed, sunflower, and so on.

Fats to Avoid

As far as trans fats and hydrogenated fats are concerned, it is advisable to avoid them as far as possible, which means taking away French fries, crispies, cakes, cookies, pastries, and ice-creams from the low cholesterol diet menu.

Recommended Low Cholesterol Diet

Foods that should make an essential part of a low cholesterol diet must come from the following food groups:

  • Cereals and grains: Whole-wheat bread, unpolished rice, and oats-based cereals are foods that are rich in fiber, which helps sweep away the bad LDL cholesterol from the blood. In a low cholesterol diet it is essential to replace white bread and other refined, polished grains with whole-grain varieties.
  • Nuts and seeds: Nuts like almonds, peanuts, walnuts and seeds like flaxseeds are rich in antioxidants (such as vitamin E and selenium) and in good fats, called omega-3 fatty acids, which protect the heart by increasing the HDL level. Nuts and seeds are also a rich source of fiber. The best way to include flaxseeds in a low cholesterol diet is by grinding them and sprinkling over cereals and salads.
  • Fish: Non vegetarians can choose to have a fatty cold-water fish such as salmon or tuna twice a week to get a rich supply of omega-3 fatty acids.
  • Beans and legumes: Beans, legumes and lentils are rich sources of protein and fiber and are low in fat content. They make an ideal substitute for meats. Soy cheese (tofu) is another good meat substitute in a low cholesterol diet.
  • Fiber-rich foods: Foods like oats, barley, psyllium, apples, pears, prunes, kidney beans and Brussels sprouts are rich in soluble fiber, which acts like a broom to sweep out the cholesterol from the arteries.
  • Fruits and vegetables: Fresh fruits and vegetables are loaded with fiber, antioxidants, flavanoids and plant sterols, all of which help lower cholesterol and raise HDL level. Some 8-10 servings of fruits and vegetables should be included in the daily low cholesterol diet.
  • Garlic, onion: Some people believe garlic regulates liver functioning and dissolve the cholesterol deposits in the arteries. Others swear that including just half a raw onion in the daily low cholesterol diet can lower LDL level and increase HDL level.

Following a low cholesterol diet, with regular exercise, and cutting out on meats, full-cream dairy products, deep-fried foods and bakery items, can go a long way in lowering total cholesterol. Similarly, it lowers LDL cholesterol levels while raising the HDL level.

What Is a Normal Blood Pressure? Don’t Be Out Of That Range, Or Else

When blood pressure is measured we need to take into account 2 measurements. The first one is called Systolic Blood Pressure and the second one is Diastolic Blood Pressure.

Systolic Blood Pressure is taken when the heart is pumping out blood, and Diastolic is taken between heartbeats, when the heart is resting.

There is a device called Sphygmomanometer which is used to measure blood pressure. You might be familiar with this device; it’s the inflatable arm cuff that comes with a little air pump. You might also be able to see some station to measure your blood pressure in some supermarkets. So you can easily keep an eye on your pressure and take action if your levels are not what’s considered normal.

When we read the results that this device gives us, the Systolic pressure is the number on the top or left side of the reading; being the Diastolic pressure the number on the bottom or right side.

Let’s see an example: If you have a blood pressure of 120/72 (you read it as 120 over 72), that means that you have a Systolic Pressure of 112 and a Diastolic Pressure of 72. These two levels of blood pressure are both very important and you need to keep them at a healthy level.

So, what is a normal blood pressure? Experts would say that a blood pressure of 119/79 is the healthiest level for an adult and every adult should try to keep that level. A blood pressure between 120/80 and 129/84 is considered normal. Between 130/85 and 139/89 is considered a high-normal blood pressure and, when you reach a level of 140/90 or higher, you need to pay close attention because that’s consider a high blood pressure.

It’s recommended to check your blood pressure after you get up from sleeping and walk around for a few hours, this way you can get a better reading than when taken right away in the morning. Of course, you should not check your pressure after intense physical activities because the results won’t show a normal level. One more important thing is not to drink anything that contains caffeine or alcohol, and not to smoke for at least 30 minutes before the checking.

During the day, it’s natural if your blood pressure fluctuates somewhat. There are many activities that we do everyday that can make our blood pressure go up. Sometimes our pressure changes if we do some physical activity like intensive weight lifting training, sometimes the way we feel mentally can increase our blood pressure even the food we eat is another factor we can consider as a trigger for increments in our blood pressure levels.

Hypopnea

While eupnoea is normal breathing, hypopnea is an abnormal type of breathing when the airflow is labored because of some pathology of the respiratory system. In other words it’s underbreathing. Hypopnea comes from the Greek roots hypo- (meaning low, under, beneath, down, below normal) and pnoe (meaning breathing). Among other abnormal breathing patterns are: bradypnea – rare and slow breath, dyspnea – intense breath with a shortness, sometimes with cyanosis, hyperpnea – the increased amplitude of breathing at the normal rate, tachypnea – quickened and fast breathing, oligopnea – weakening of respiratory movements accompanied with reduction of breath. Hypopnea is often confused with apnea. But while hypopnea is a reduced amplitude of breathing at the normal rate, apnea is a total cessation of breathing.
Hypopnea can occur during sleep. In this case it may turn into a serious sleeping disorder. Sleep hypopnea can be characterized by person’s repetitive stops of breathing or low breathing for short periods of time during sleep. Speaking in anatomical terms, there is intermittent collapse of the upper airway and reductions in blood oxygen levels during sleep. Thus, a sleeping person becomes incapable to breathe normally and awakens with each collapse. Quantity and quality of sleep is lowered, what results in sleep deprivation and excessive daytime sleepiness. The most usual physiological consequences of hypopnea are cognitive disfunction, coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, hypertension, memory loss, heart attack, stroke, impotence, psychiatric problems. People suffering from sleep hypopnea increase considerably the overall number of traffic accidents. Their productivity is diminished and they have constant emotional problems and strains.
The most common hypopnea symptoms are: loss of energy, forgetfulness, excessive sleepiness, snoring, lack of concentration, depression, rapid changes in mood and behavior, morning headaches, nervousness.
There is the so called hypopnea index that can be calculated by dividing the number of hypopneas by the number of hours of sleep. But as far as hypopnea is closely related to apnea most often we speak of the apnea-hypopnea index (AHI). AHI is an index of severity that combines apneas and hypopneas. It is calculated by dividing the number of apneas and hypopneas by the number of hours of sleep correspondingly. When AHI is positive we usually speak of sleep-disordered breathing or SDB.
Although hypopnea itself is not a mortal disease, if it is not treated properly it may shorten a person’s life considerably by aggravating other diseases. CPAP, or continuous positive airway pressure, is considered to be the most effective treatment of hypopnea. It is usually used in case of heavy hypopnea. A patient puts up a mask over his nose or mouth while an air blower forces air through the upper airway. The air pressure is adjusted in a way to avoid the upper airway tissues from collapsing during sleep. Mild hypopnea is treated more conservatively. In the majority of cases hypopnea treatment presupposes refusing from alcohol and smoking before sleep, strengthening gullet muscles by doing certain excercises, avoiding sleeping on the back. Also there is a straight relation between weight loss and improvement of breathing while sleeping. It is established that abnormal breathing patterns during sleep such as sleep apnea and hypopnea, obesity hyperventilation syndrome, etc. usually improve when eating disorders causing overweight and obesity are properly treated.

The Psychology of Creativity

On studying the creative process and the creative individual to understand creativity

Creativity is the process of generating novel ideas and is the basic force for all inventions. The process of creation involves seeing new relations between concepts and things and determining unique solutions to problems. The creative process is about seeing new associations between objects and concepts and the creative person is marked by traits of originality, nonconformity and high levels of knowledge. When you come out with an appropriate yet unique and different solution to a problem that has not been thought before, you are being creative.

Psychologists have tried to explain creativity with many theories. Among these are cognitive theories of creativity (creativity as a cognitive process using mental constructs and structures), behaviorist theories (the environmental and associative nature of creative ideas), psychoanalytic theories (creativity as neuroticism), social theories (creativity as a social process and role of schools and family in the development of gifted children) and personality theories (emphasizing on personal creative traits).

In the psychology of creativity we have to understand two things -firstly the creative process and secondly the creative individual. So the psychology of creativity is about:

1. The Creative Process – this includes the definitions of creativity and the mental processes involved in creativity.

2. The Creative Individual – this is about the personality traits of the creative individual, the attributes of genius and the peculiarities of the creative personality

Psychological theories have tried to explain both the creative process and the creative individual.

The Process of Creativity – So what is creativity and what is the mechanism through which people actually create new ideas, solutions or concepts? According to many theorists, creativity is about chance or serendipity or making discoveries by ‘accident’. So the creative process, according to this explanation is an ‘accident’. This means that while you’re trying out several methods, a best method or a solution to your problem arises out of nowhere and by chance you discover something totally unique. Some people would suggest that the creative process is more of trying to find out new relations between older known concepts so this is less about originality and more about ‘experience’. The more experienced you are in a particular subject area, the more likely you are to consider creative solutions. Creativity has also been described as a moment of ‘insight’. It is almost like enlightenment and divine intervention and a flash and the trick is to prolong this moment and creative individuals are people who can develop their sudden insights. So the creative process can be about a sudden chance, novel use of the knowledge/ experience or a sudden insight. The creative process thus involves using several possibilities/methods and past experiences to arrive at sudden solutions through insights or accidents.

In 1926, Graham Wallas described stages of creativity in which a creative idea is first prepared, then internalized through incubation, after which the creative individual uses the illumination or insight to finally go through the verification process of applying the idea. Psychologist JP Guilford explained creativity with his concept of convergent and divergent thinking and convergent thinking is about trying to find the single correct solution to a problem and divergent thinking is the generation of multiple creative solutions to a problem. Creativity is thus characterized by divergent thinking and generation of multiple possibilities. According to the Geneplore model developed by Finke, Ward and Smith (1992), creativity involves two phases – the generative phase in which the individual generates constructs from pre-inventive structures or known processes/ideas and the exploratory phase in which pre-inventive structures are interpreted to come up with new creative ideas. Most of these psychological theories seem to be emphasizing on preexisting mental structures through knowledge and experience and using these structures for novel or unique solutions. The creative process is thus all about insight, ‘a sudden flash’, almost like a moment of realization and it has been described as serendipity or divine intervention by scientists and artists alike who have tried to described their moment of discovery, although the role of previous knowledge and experience is an equally important background factor. The scientists and artists are able to realize the potential of these ‘flashes’ and are able to recognize, capture and prolong their moments of insight for better realization of their creative goals.

The Personality in Creativity – This brings us to the question about the traits or personality factors that make a person creative. Is there a well-defined creative personality? Of course, there is. Highly creative individuals and geniuses have marked similar traits and although every human being is creative in one way or the other, some individuals actually develop their creativity too well and so they are recognized as creative geniuses. Psychologists believe that all highly creative individuals have certain common personality traits.

1. Complexity – The creative individuals love complex situations and problems as this provides a challenge to their own mental abilities and help them to think of several possible solutions

2. Flexibility – Highly creative individuals are extremely open-minded and receptive to new ideas and possibilities which help them to move beyond traditional modes of thinking

3. Confidence – Boldness and confidence mark the creative genius as in order to be a pioneer, one has to have leadership qualities, extreme self-confidence and creative geniuses are leaders as they show a new path and open new possibilities

4. Non-conformity – The creative process itself is an act of non-conformity so creative individuals are non-conformists and unconventional.

5. Intuition – Highly creative people are extremely intuitive and they can scare you with their ability to read minds and people’s thoughts. That is how they can create as they have to know the order of things and are able to predict people’s responses.

6. Sensitivity – Creative individuals have well developed sensitivity as without extreme sensitivity, it is not possible to feel and portray the emotions through creative work. A novelist has to know ‘how it feels’ to be character in his novel otherwise he cannot create a good novel.

7. Curiosity – An insatiable child-like curiosity for almost everything around them is what characterizes the creative genius. The creative individual wants to know and learn new things and is persistently asking questions and this is the fuel for creative growth.

8. Knowledge – Closely associated with curiosity, creative individuals have very good general knowledge as they have to use this knowledge in their creative pursuits. That is why creative people are usually interested in several subject areas.

9. Independence – One trait that definitely characterizes very high creative geniuses is their independence of thought. This is again related to leadership and nonconformity as in order to think independently, one has to move beyond norms.

10. Imagination – The creative person lives in his own world of imagination and has a very highly developed and enriched mental life and even if grounded, sometimes thrives on fantasies.

11. Impulsiveness – Since the creative process is a sudden realization, the creative individual has a love for suddenness and loves to work on impulse. Creating something new is an adventure so impulsiveness which could be recklessness or adventurousness makes the creative individual a compulsive risk-taker.

12. Criticism – Highly creative people are also extremely critical both of themselves and of others. They criticize others and that is how they take new paths and they are also prone to extreme self-criticism.

13. Fluency – The creative person has an extremely fluent thought process and has a prolific range of ideas

14. Charm – The genius is usually characterized by a humorous nature, extreme charm and personal attractiveness and a ‘presence’ that makes them popular and attractive to all sorts of people.

15. Egoism – Highly creative individuals usually have a ‘me first’ attitude and are almost always narcissists or marked by extreme egoism, although they may be very generous and may not reveal their egoism for social reasons and many even transcend the self boundary and work for greater causes.

16. Originality – Creative individuals have a love for the novel and the unique and try moving beyond established ideas to find something radically different

17. Disorder – A love for disorder is common among all creative people as they are apparently bored with order or any predictable course of events

18. Ambiguity – Uncertainty is very attractive for creative individuals and they love the ambiguous or when there are two or more ways of explaining a problem, especially because this gives them freedom of thought and expression.

19. Loneliness – The creative individual is usually a loner and according to psychoanalysis, also a neurotic. The genius is perennially isolated from society and being very uncomfortable with social norms, they tend to avoid social interaction. Political and social leaders are however more socially active than the creative artist and writer, although some tend to lead reclusive lives.

20. Motivation – The creative individuals are extremely motivated, almost driven by a sense of higher purpose in life. They are in a way self aware and enlightened and many of them seem to believe in an unexplained (divine) purpose of existence.

There are of course other traits as creative people are characterized by hyperactivity and obsession with their work, high yet sublimated sexual drives, and according to psychologist Sternberg, wisdom rather than simply intelligence.

The creative process and creative individual naturally leads the discussion to anomalies in creativity. So now finally, some words about the connection between madness and creativity. Creativity has been closely associated with mental illness and the highly creative individuals are considered prone to mental disorders. In fact all creative geniuses may be vulnerable to bipolar disorder or schizophrenia and creativity itself is a sort of neuroticism. Yet I would suggest that even though creative geniuses have propensity towards mental illness, their creative outlet is a very strong tool that helps them to maintain sanity. So considering the inbuilt defense mechanisms that creative individuals have, it is highly unlikely that such people would actually become completely insane. Although there are many exceptions as the creative genius may develop extreme sense of inadequacy and loneliness and may actually show severe mental problems. However in most cases, creative geniuses are not afraid to stretch their minds, thoughts and behavior too far as to almost reach the limits of sanity, so they are branded as ‘weird’ or ‘eccentric’. But these people are extremely strong because they are self-aware and are blessed with the ability of controlling their mind and sanity. So when the whole world is afraid of their perceived madness, they are not. The difference between a madman and a genius is that the genius controls his own madness and can choose to become sane or insane at his own free will.

In fact, the process of creativity is also an exercise in madness, as the creative individual has to continually stretch mental limits to maintain all creative pursuits. The success of the creative genius is another issue and I will discuss it in a separate article.

How To Lose Your High-Pitched Squeaky Voice And Make It Deeper – Best Deep Voice Training Tips

If you have a high-pitched squeaky voice that you feel it is affecting your enjoyment of life, then you should do what you can to lose it. Losing your high pitched voice or making it deeper might be a difficult thing to do, however it is possible, if you use the right techniques and follow the correct recommendations. There is so much help you can get for this, there are even deep voice training guides which sell online that can help you as much as you can with your voice tone.

There are also voice coaches who train speaking voices so they sound great to listen to. Even though some of these coaches are really expensive, if you think your voice is giving you trouble, you can consider paying to improve it. However, in this article, I have some few tips and tricks on how to lose your high pitched voice and make it deeper, and sound strong and timber.

Before we go further, you should know something about your voice, and this formula can explain so much: “Voice Quality = vocal tract configuration + laryngeal anatomy + learned component”

So this means that learned components makes up to an extent, the quality of your voice, and that is what you have control over. With that said, I’ll list the progression of techniques you can use to naturally transform your voice tone and make it sound deeper and sexier:

1. The first deep voice training technique I will list is breathing deep, so that your sides and belly expand. Many people who talk with a squeaky voice is as a result of breathing shallow. You have to take long and deep breaths so that your chest can easily press out your voice.

2. Second tip on How to Lose Your high pitched Voice and Make It Deeper is dropping your larynx. You might identify the feeling as “opening the throat” but the larynx will physically drop so there’s no doubt about it. This seems to be the most important one, so here are some ways to do this exercise:

– Keep your mouth closed an “open your throat” keeping your hand on your larynx to test. There is depressor muscles that have to push down that might have not ever been used so it might be tough going for a bit. Keep at it. Breathe in while making the shape that produces “Haw” with your mouth and throat.

3. Another thing you can do to Lose Your squeaky Voice and Make It Deeper, is that you talk form your chest, not your nose. Posture and articulation also helps.

Treatment for Peptic Ulcer – Helps to Improve Your Health

Diet is of utmost importance in the treatment of ulcer. The diet should be so arranged as to provide adequate nutrition to afford rest to the disturbed organs, to maintain continuous neutralization of the gastric acid, to inhibit the production of acid and to reduce mechanical and chemical irritation. Milk. cream, butter, fruits and fresh, raw and boiled vegetables, natural foods and natural vitamin supplements are the best diet for an ulcer patient.

Peptic ulcer disease is a constitutional disease that finds its local expression at the level of the digestive system. Being a constitutional disorder, it calls for constitutional approach towards treatment. Homoeopathic approach towards the management of Peptic ulcer disease involves the evaluation of the complaint in details while taking into account individual factors such as one’s personal and family history while planning a long-term treatment. Since the treatment targets the root cause, Homeopathy offers long-term cure instead of temporary relief. It treats at a deeper level of immunity and enhances the healing capacity of the body. Homeopathy can also help to prevent complications of Peptic ulcers.

Raw vegetables juices, particularly carrot and cabbage juices are beneficial in the treatment of peptic ulcers. Carrot juice may be taken either alone or in combination with spinach or beet and cucumber. The formula proportions in case of the first combination are 300 ml. of carrots and 200 ml. of spinach, and in case of the second combination, 300 ml. of carrots and three ounces each of beets and cucumbers to make half a litre of iuice.

Certain foods definitely do not agree in cases of gastric complaints and should be completely eliminated. These include fried and greasy foods which are always difficult to digest and require very efficient stomach and liver action; flesh foods which require a high amount of acid in the stomach for their digestion and acid causes more pain and flatulence in the sensitive stomach; condiments, preserves and sugar which are stomach irritants; and tea, coffee, tobacco and alcohol which create an acid reaction in the stomach.

Daily massages and deep breathing exercises also help. Above all, the patient must try to rid himself of worries and stay cheerful. He should also cultivate regularity in his habit be it work, exercise or rest. Asanas which are beneficial in the treatment of hyperacidity and ulcers are vajrasana, uttanpadasana, pavanarnuktasana, bhujangasana, paschimottanasana. Yogic kriyas like Jalneti and pranayamas tike anuloma-viloma, shitali and sitkari are also beneficial.

The medications may include one or more of the following:
· Antibiotics to kill Helicobacter pylori
· Acid blockers (like cimetidine, ranitidine, or famotidine)
· Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole)
· Medications that protect the tissue lining (like sucralfate)

Choice of treatment depends on whether the ulcer is caused by infection with H pylori. Correct diagnosis is key to whether a treatment works or not. If the bacteria are the cause, treatment focuses on killing the infection. Regardless of whether the bacteria are the cause, reducing acid in the stomach is another important focus of treatment.
It is important that your health care provider check with you during your treatment to make sure that your ulcer is healing.

The Next Step in Medical Technology – Bio Identical Hormone Replacement

What is Bio identical hormone replacement therapy?

It is the use of supplemental dosage of hormones that have a chemical configuration matching to the hormones that the human body naturally produces. By the use of compounds that have exactly the identical chemical and molecular configuration as the key hormones physically found in the human body, this therapy aids to recover an individual’s life’s worth, verve and well-being. In addition, this therapy also contributes to slowing the ageing process of the individual recipient. The working of the therapy is quite straightforward. After a doctor concludes that a patient is in hormonal decline, a static dosing will be administered. The hormone levels are approximated and a patient is prescribed equal amounts of recommended hormones every day of the month.

Are you rightly eligible for the therapy?

One question which importantly stands out amongst others is the fact that is the individual really eligible for taking the Bio identical hormone replacement therapy? The therapy is advisable for individuals who are suffering from the following

  1. A loss of libido
  2. Instances of fatigue
  3. Reduced bone mass
  4. Premature Menopause
  5. Depression and mood swings associated with Menopause
  6. Insufficient concentration levels
  7. Poor skin collagen

The Support

There are many who stand in support with the Bio identical hormone replacement therapy. As individuals age, the levels of some chief hormones in the body go lesser. These generally comprise oestrogens, testosterone and progesterone. The loss of these key hormones may cause problems. One common problem associated with women is Menopause. Other common effects of low hormones comprise hot flashes, loss of energy, memory loss, sleeping problems, fatigue, weight gain, or even night sweats. This treatment is thus vital to replace the hormones that have been otherwise lost in the body. As a result of the treatment, hormone levels will boost and symptoms will progress. As of now, national societies and expert suggestions present that the dangers and benefits of this therapy are still debatable.

The Criticism

Where there is support, you also have criticism. There are definite side effects observed for men and women who have taken the Bio identical hormone replacement therapy. Individuals have reported increased assertiveness, or even acne and irritability during the early phases of testosterone hormone therapy. Yet, these issues are normally resolved as levels become balanced. Accordingly, side effects may occur when a dose of the therapy is first given. The human body is not really used to the new intensity of hormones. The dose can also be altered in such a case.

All in all, many doctors who use bio identical hormones have maintained that they are safer than standard hormone replacement therapy. Bio identical hormones reduce risks of problems and side effects that were observed in the standard hormone therapy. The benefits associated are several with the side effects being temporary and negligible.

Are You Making The Most Common Beginner Practice Mistake on the Guitar?

If you’re just getting started learning the guitar, there’s a good chance you’re making the most common beginner guitar practice mistake. And if you don’t catch yourself early on, it could lead to incredible frustration with your lack of progress later on.

You see, the problem with self-taught guitarists today is that they have too many options. There is more information today on how to learn the guitar than there ever was before in history. It’s overwhelming. And what ends up happening is people look at all that information and do one of two things:

1. Get paralyzed with indecision and do nothing.

2. Get overwhelmed with information and try to do everything.

In both cases, the end result is failure. Except that the second case usually leads to not only failure, but lots of wasted time spent practicing ineffectively before finally giving up in frustration. Neither is what we’re looking for, and both can be avoided.

It’s simply a matter of knowing what you want to do on the guitar, and then ignoring the 99% of the information that doesn’t fit into your goals. You need to get clarity on what it is you hope to achieve. Even if your goal is to eventually learn every style of guitar known to man — blues, rock, country, jazz, classical, you name it — you still need to pick one initially, and stick with it for a significant amount of time.

The biggest mistake made by beginners today is losing focus. Trying to learn one thing on guitar, then getting distracted by something new they see. And abandoning the initial thing they were trying to learn, before they have even gotten to the point where they can easily play it. This is what stops guitarists from growing. Because it’s the ongoing mastery of individual skills before moving on that leads to the accumulation of lots of techniques, licks, riffs, and songs. Without that constantly growing “bag of tricks” under your belt, you’ll always remain a mediocre guitar player. You’ll never know the freedom and joy of being able to create music, to express exactly what’s inside of you at any moment through the guitar.

Do yourself a favor. Don’t become another one of those guys who claims to play the guitar but only knows a bunch of song intros and can’t play a single song all the way through. The first step in getting there is to figure out what you want, then limit yourself to learning one song at a time related to that goal. If you focus on mastering that one song before moving on, you’ll learn 100 times faster than the guy who browses the tab sites, trying to play a new song every week. The results will blow you away.

Helicobacter Pylori Bacteria

You may have heard about H. pylori infections. If you have no idea what is H. pylori, then this article is going to enlighten you.

H. pylori or Helicobacter pylori is a bacterium that resides in the stomach of about half the human population. This bacterium is helix-shaped and measures about 0.3 micrometers long with a diameter of 0.5 micrometers. The long thread- like appendages (flagella) of the bacterium helps it to attach to the mucous lining of the stomach.

Helicobacter pylori bacteria are known to cause inflammation of the gastric lining that can cause development of peptic ulcers, stomach cancer, gastritis and dyspepsia. Not everyone with H. pylori bacteria develops infection. Several people don’t get infected with any of the aforementioned conditions. Common symptoms of the H. pylori infection are pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, acidity, dark stools and loss of appetite.

H. pylori bacteria cause damage to the protective lining of duodenum and stomach. The infection leads to release of certain toxins and enzymes that cause injury to cells of the stomach and duodenum. These changes cause stomach and duodenum to become more susceptible to damage by gastric acids and juices.

The Helicobacter pylori bacteria have become uncommon in most developed countries but continue to be prevalent in developing countries. Approximately 10% children and 80% of the adults in developing countries are infected with H. pylori but don’t show any symptoms.

Scientists believe that H. pylori infection could be contagious because in some cases it seems to run in the families and research suggests that it can pass from one person to another, though the exact mode of transmission is not known. It has been suggested that the H. pylori infection spreads via contaminated food or utensils.

The good news is that the infection can be easily detected using several diagnostic tools and be effectively treated.