The Relationship Between Heart Disease And Kidney Disease

When you suffer from some type of heart disease, maintaining a healthy lifestyle can be very difficult. We all need to eat healthy, maintain a good regular exercise routine and have regular checkups from our health care provider. When heart disease is not managed well the effects on our kidneys can be catastrophic.

The kidneys job is to filter the blood to remove carcinogens that we take in daily through the ingesting of out highly refined and processed foods. In addition it also removes excess fluid from the blood stream. The kidneys filter the waist products from the blood stream by using the natural pressure of the blood supply.

When this excess fluid is not being remove then the heart will have to work harder to pump the blood throughout our bodies by increasing our blood pressure. Higher blood pressure will cause more damage to our kidneys causing less fluid and toxins being removed from the blood stream.
As you can see the cycle of the heart damaging the kidneys which in turn cause more damage to the heart is a leading cause of death for patients suffering from heart disease. This viscous cycle must be control as soon as possible before permanent damage is done to the effected organs.

The leading causes of kidney disease are as follows:

Decreased blood flow to the kidney is usually caused by clogged arteries. Arteriosclerosis, congestive heart disease, plaques or fatty deposits containing large quantities of cholesterol and triglycerides in the blood stream can all cause a decreased blood flow to the kidneys.

Acute Tubular Necrosis (ATN) is the death of tissue do to a loss of oxygen to the kidney. Long term decreased of oxygen to the kidney can be caused by congestive heart disease, clogged arteries, anemia, iron deficiency, cycles cell anemia and infections such as acute septicemia. Short term loss of oxygen to the kidney can be caused a heart attack or by direct kidney injury.

Damage to the kidneys can be the result of over exposure to metals, solvents, drugs and other pollutants.

Excessive amounts of alcohol will cause death of muscle and organ tissue. When tissue dies myoglobin is released into the blood supply. Myoglobin is very toxic to the renal tubular epithelium and may cause kidney failure. One of the blood test done after a heart attack is the testing for the amount of myoglobin in the blood stream. The larger amount of myoglobin found has a direct correlation to the amount of damage caused to the heart muscle by a heart attack.

High blood pressure will also cause damage to the filtering process of the kidneys.
Prevention is always better than a cure and knowing you are at risk for heart or kidney disease should go a long way in your ability to prevent long term damage to these vital organs. Take steps today to maintain a health life style and to improve the quality of life.

Common vitamins and and minerals can help with preventing disease such as vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin E, Cranberry Juice, Natural diuretics and Garlic.

Vitamin A is a known antioxidant and can assist the human body in the healing process. Vitamin A is stored in the liver and fat cells of the human body and can reach toxic levels. DO NOT take more than the recommended dosage of Vitamin A.

Vitamin B taken together as a team perform vital biological processes including aiding in the healing process for congestive heart failure and reduces fluid retention. It is required for the development of red blood cells.

Vitamin C has been shown to combat the development of cholesterol deposits in the arteries. Within a few hours after receiving vitamin C patients showed a sharp decline in the cholesterol levels of the blood. Take 1,000 to 5,000 mg daily.

Vitamin E is known to help the red blood cells to live longer and keep them from breaking down too soon.

Cranberry Juice may also help prevent kidney and bladder infections. If you are taking COUMADIN then check with your doctor before using cranberry.

Natural diuretics are contained in cranberries, anything that has caffeine and apple cider vinegar. Fruits and vegetables such as watermelon and cucumbers contain a lot of water and will help increase urination.

Garlic counteract the usual result of high fats in the diet and to help reduce high blood pressure.

This report is nutritional in nature and not to be construed as medical advice.

Always consult your doctor before using this information.

Dogs Can Have Special Needs Too

When you hear the words “special needs”, you usually think of an adult or child with a disability. The truth is, dogs can have special needs too. They can suffer physical injuries, genetic disabilities, such as blindness or deafness, illness such as diabetes, heart problems or thyroid problems. Dogs can also suffer from emotional problems that are just as debilitating as a physical ailment. A physical illness or injury usually requires a specific treatment or cure, while emotional problems are often harder to understand.

Emotional problems can actually be more difficult to deal with than physical problems. These problems are caused by abuse or neglect. Lack of socialization causes dogs to become fearful of people and new situations. Some dogs respond to fear by aggression and some cower and hide. Physical abuse is easier to see, and the broken bones or cuts and bruises can be fixed, but the emotional scars take longer to heal.

Today it is possible to find help for any kind of special needs a dog may have. There are products available to make life better for your four-legged friend. For physical disabilities you can find wheelchairs, lifts, ramps, boots, orthotics, and the list goes on. You can buy a helmet for your pooch and take him for massage or acupuncture. If your dog suffers from a long term illness like diabetes or heart problems, there are many medications that can prolong the quality of life for your best friend.

The most important thing to know is that there are many special needs dogs of all kinds in shelters and rescues everywhere. They need a home and family and love even more than the cute puppies. There is plenty of support for people with special needs dogs. Before you make a decision to adopt or buy a dog, please consider if you are the special family to give a special needs dog a loving home.

Autobiography As De-Facement – A De Manin Reading of "Perseid" in John Barth’s Chimera

This article focuses upon the de Manian reading of “Perseid” – the second novella in Barth’s Chimera – with respect to its autobiographical implications. The concept of autobiography contributes to the deconstruction of the figure of Barth-Perseus as the main textual function in this novella. This attempt in its turn substantiates the impossibility of a totalized reading in de Manian critical prospect.

Many critics of Barth have considered Chimera, in particular the last two novellas as autobiography. This segment tends to respond to such critics by applying de Man’s theory of self-defacement. Initially, “Perseid” is going to be scrutinized with its Barthian concept of autobiography; fictionalized biography. Then, by applying de Man’s notion of defacement, the text deconstructs itself.


Chimera is an autobiography. It is the deliberate account of what has gone before. The artist has become the critic who is artist commenting on his own themes, his own book, and his own performance. Details of public and publishing history keep the theme of life-story in the forefront of the text in which Barth analogously examines the lives, as he tells the stories of heroes who are avatars of himself. Like Sherry, Perseus and Bellerophon, Barth looks at the point midway in his journey when his career has reached a climax – according to Freitag’s life-story line. Barth and his avatars live their days nostalgically, examining the question of their heroics, their performances.

However, Barth can never reduce his novel to just a simple autobiography. He parodies his own concept of my-life-in-its-climax by posing three diagrams as the schema for the typical rise and fall of dramatic action in a hero’s life. The auto-Barthian-biography of his artistic life is sharply juxtaposed with the mathematically measured life-line of exposition, rising, climax and falling. Barth depicts his life-line satirically, in which the straightforward diagram is decentralized by a spiral temporality, with discrepant zones. This kind of autobiography does not delineate the author’s life as an ontological entity, which undergoes various stages in order to achieve a predestined goal. The epistemology of the outer existence can never be the target of the writer, since gaining a true understanding of the world is quite impossible in Barth’s worldview. For him the key to the treasure of knowledge is useless, except for purposes of satire. Such a malady – cosmopsis – leads Barth-Perseus to the fact that nothing has inherent value, one can never choose, and ultimately would have no reason to choose. The only sensible activity would be to refuse to make a choice.

Hence, the artist is the hero, and the hero-artist is Barth himself at some ontogenic level removed from mere autobiography. Perseus depicts the predicaments of being Barth by accepting the fictionality of his own character. In contrast to many postmodernist fictions in which the characters are in search of their authors or are victimized by the author of their tale, as in Gabriel Josipovici’s “Mobius the Stripper” (1974) or Nabokov’s Transparent Things (1972), Chimera depicts a heterarchy, a metalepsis in which the author does not possess the highest authority in the text. He is as fictional as the characters, even at some points leaving the decisions to character-authors to determine an ending or a course of action. In this kind of autobiography, Barth’s personal anecdotes of the incidents of his life are substituted by the anecdotes of literary incidents, climaxes and falls. Barth has converted himself to a textual function whose art-line is figurally depicted by the life-lines of Scheherazade, Perseus and Bellerophon.

Barth fictionalizes the autobiography, and acclaims a different ontological status from pure fiction, resulting in a stronger one. Chimera becomes an “autobiographical fiction, not a straight autobiography” (McHale 203). Barth co-opts himself as a character (whether Genie, Perseus, Bellerophon or Polyeidus). Roland Barthes explains what happens to the author when he/she inserts or inscribes himself in the text,

It is not that the Author may not “come back” in the Text, in his text, but he then does so as a “guest”. If he is a novelist, he is inscribed in the novel like one of his characters, figured in the carpet, no longer privileged, paternal, aletheological, his inscription is ludic. He becomes, as it were, a paper-author; his life is no longer the origin of his fictions but a fiction contributing to his work. […] The I which writes the text, it too, is never more than a paper-I. (“From Text to Work”, 161)

Accordingly, Barth never intends to centralize the autobiographical aspects of the novel. He hides behind the paper I in “Perseid”, “Bellerophoniad” and Genie in “Dunyazadiad”, yielding to their implications as characters.

Chinese-Box or Russian Babushka dolls can exemplify how autobiography works out in Chimera. Brain McHale in Postmodernist Fiction (1987) defines this concept in terms of an analogue,

A recursive structure [Chinese-Box] results when you perform the same operation over and over again, each time operating on the product of the previous operation. For example, take a film, which projects a fictional world; within that world, place actors and a film crew, who make a film which in turn projects its own fictional world; then within that world place another film crew, who make another film, and so on. (112-3)

Gerard Genette in Narrative Discourse (1980) calls this recursive structure “the metalanguage of narrative levels”. He denominates the primary world diegesis. The secondary world within diegesis, he calls it hypodiegesis. Then it would be possible for the characters of a fiction to descend deeper into a hypo-hypodiegesis (238-42). This structure has the effect of interrupting and complicating the ontological horizon of the fiction, multiplying its worlds, and laying bare the process of world-construction.

“Perseid” along with the two other novellas can be elaborated in the light of the Chinese-box prototype. The diegetic world in each of them is the mythological construction of Scheherazade, Perseus and Bellerophon. Primarily, the novellas are nothing but the recounting of three myths. Barth tries to remain faithful to the mythic diegesis by preserving the characters, places and on the whole the cosmology of each myth. Nevertheless, he steps into a hypodiegesis by making each of the avatars the author of their own fiction, as Perseus confirms, trying to “learn about art and life” (60). They are both “the protagonist and author” (83). Within this hypodiegetic world of character-authorship, Barth imposes a hypo-hypodiegesis, that is, his own world as the author of the entire novel. In other words, he disguises behind his own characters as they tell their stories. He resides at the depth of the text, and observes how Sherry’s struggle for writing the part three of her tale or Perseus’ sexual impotencies reflect his own predicaments on the way to his artistic climax. Calyxa, the prostitute-priestess summarizes Barth’s autobiographical strive: “How can Being Perseus Again be your goal, when you have to be Perseus to reach it?” (101). Being Barth again at his climax, overcoming the writer’s cramp (block) requires revising of Barth himself, getting to know his past in order to ascend to the diegesis of the future world, in which he is no more a hypo-world but the primary diegetic level of his own fiction as Perseus says: ” I thought to overtake with understanding my present paragraph as it were by examining my paged past, and thus pointed, proceed serene to the future’s sentence” (83).

Hence, it can be concluded that Barth fictionalizes his own biography or literary biography in order to bring about a double coding, that is, amalgamating past and present, fiction and reality. He never tries to differentiate between the various ontological levels that he inserts in the novella. The only thing that matters for him is disrupting the run-of-the-mill autonomy of predetermined life structure, such as that of Freitag’s. Whether Perseus or Bellerophon, Barth never ceases to exist in his characters, and sketches his own life-line in which the climax can also serve as the unknotting of another tale. For Barth, the foundationalism of storytelling is not worth the linearity of a bunch of tales rising and falling into an ending.

De Manian Hero-Machy

De Man in The Rhetoric of Romanticism (1984) deals with the problematics of autobiography. He initially targets the attempt for treating autobiography as if it were a literary genre among others. Since the concept of genre designates an aesthetic as well as a historical function, what is at stake is not only the distance that shelters the author of autobiography from his experience but the possible convergence of aesthetics and history. By making autobiography into a genre, one elevates it above the literary status of mere reportage, chronicle, or memoir and gives it a place, albeit a modest one, among the canonical hierarchies of the major literary genres. This does not go without some embarrassment, since compared to tragedy, or epic or lyric poetry, autobiography always looks slightly disreputable and self-indulgent in a way that may be symptomatic of its incompatibility with the monumental dignity of aesthetic values. De Man continues his observations of autobiography in regard with its generic history, whether Augustine’s Confessions is the first autobiography, its style, that is, if it is possible to write an autobiography in verse.

Then he moves to the crux of his debate; the distinction between autobiography and fiction. Autobiography seems to depend on actual and potentially verifiable events in a less ambivalent way than fiction does. It seems to belong to a simpler mode of referentiality, of representation, and of diegesis. It may contain lots of phantasms and dreams, but these deviations from reality remain rooted in a single subject whose identity is defined by the uncontested readability of his proper name, like John Barth that intermediates the gap between character-Barth and author-Barth. The reader approaches the text with Barth’s signature on the text, in other words the name itself creates a presupposition, an identity in the mind of the reader. However, de Man moves beyond the literal problematics of autobiography to a more figural sphere, and asserts that the author of any autobiography becomes a trope in his own text. He is no longer the determined, outer identity that imposes his extra-textual elements upon the text, but he becomes part of his own work. He is the metaphor of his real self; Barth in Chimera – Perseus or Bellerophon – is the metaphor of Barth-the-real. In other words, the author is lost in his own medium; Barth hardly arises above the level of his own fictionality to the level of pure autobiography. De Man concludes that the “distinction between fiction and autobiography is not either/or polarity but that it is undecidable” (70). This tension between fiction and autobiography is capable of infinite acceleration and in fact is not successive but simultaneous.

Autobiography, then, is not a genre or a mode but a figure of reading or of understanding that occurs to some degree in all texts. The autobiographical moment happens as an alignment between the two subjects involved in the process of reading in which they determine each other by mutual reflective substitution. The two subjects are on the one hand, the author who declares himself the subject of his own understanding – the author of the text – and the one that is specularly reflected in the text, who bears his name – the author in the text. The mirror-like quality of autobiography supposedly renders self-knowledge for the author, but as aforementioned this quality becomes tropological. “The study of autobiography is caught in a double motion; the necessity to escape from the tropology of the subject and the equally inevitable reinscription of this necessity within the specular model of recognition” (72). The discourse of autobiography is “a discourse of self-restoration” (74). Any author by venturing into pinning down his ontogeny strives toward the preservation of his self along with gaining a self-revealing insight to his inner depth.

The definition of autobiography with regard to de Man’s perspectives instigates his de-valorization of the genre (now used with more caution). He believes that prosopopeia is the trope of autobiography, in which author’s name (signature) is made intelligible and memorable as a face. It is the fiction of an apostrophe to an absent, or voiceless entity, which posits the possibility of the latter’s reply and confers upon it the power of speech. “Voices assume mouth, eye, and finally face, a chain that is manifest in the etymology of the trope’s name, prosopon poien, to confer a mask or a face (prosopon)” (76). Autobiography as the prosopopeia of the voice and the name of the author transforms him into a voice-from-beyond. In fact, it is the rhetorical function of prosopopeia to posit voice or face by means of language. Also, “to the extent that language is a figure, it is not the thing itself, but the representation, the picture of the thing, as such, it is as silent and mute as pictures are” (80). Language is always privative, and it works “unremittingly and noiselessly”. To the extent that, in writing, “we are dependent on this language we are all deaf and mute – not silent, which implies the possible manifestation of sound at our own will, but silent as a picture, that is to say eternally deprived of voice and condemned to muteness” (80).

It can be concluded that autobiography as a genre is universally acknowledged as the self-preserver, self-restorator of its author. However, for de Man it is a figure of speech, prosopopeia. Its literal sphere is that of personification, or giving voice, face or human attributes to the work of art in order to represent its author. The figural pole of the trope is that of silence, absence and facelessness. The author is not restorated by autobiography but diminished via its decrees of linguistic referentiality. Autobiography is like any other language figural, and can never be expected to yield itself to closure or totalization. As de Man mentions, the aporia between the literal and figural spheres of the prosopopeia is never settled. Autobiography veils a defacement of its author of which it is itself the cause.

De Man’s concept of autobiography applied to “Perseid” concords with Barth’s attempt in creating a heterotopia; a world seething with conflicting ontologies. It should be mentioned that this procedure can be applied to “Dunyazadiad” and “Bellerophoniad” too, since the three novellas are of the same content, and follow a common objective, that is, depicting the author as the creator and character of his own art. “Perseid” begins with “Good evening”, that marks the continuation of “Dunyazadiad”, and entrance into another hereocosm – the otherness of the fictional world. From the very outset, the text substantiates it fictionality: “Stories last longer than men, stones than stories, stars than stones. But even our stars’ nights are numbered, and with them will pass this patterned tale to a long-deceased earth” (59). Barth insinuates his mastery over the text by foregrounding the tale-ness of the narrative and also by addressing the narratee, here Calyxa, in first person point of view. The aestho-autogamy of Perseus, that is, his birth into the world of the novella is when he “is sea-leveled, forty, parched and plucked” (60). He is at the height of his heroic career, has slain Medusa, married Andromeda, and now twenty years after slaying Medusa, he is dead, living in heaven with a nymph-priestess-prostitute catering him.

In heaven, Elysium or whatever signifier it can be called, Perseus recounts his story to Calyxa through flashbacks, anecdotes and particularly the panels that depict “alabasterly several chapters” (59) of his youth. He actually tells the story of his life from these panels, and at some points cannot finish the tale without the upcoming panel, and presses Calyxa to tell him how far the murals go, for while he could predict some incidents but several of them such as his demise were obscure to him. Thus, panels present the authorial role of another author, that is, Barth who procures his character with the story to tell. In this regard, the amalgamation of art and life creates the hypodiegesis to which Barth belongs. Barth presents the process of becoming himself by the camouflage of Perseus. He himself after writing Giles Goat-boy (1966) was struggling with creative writing, and the used-upness of his potentialities culminated in Chimera. In this fictionalized autobiography, Barth flickers between being the fictionalized I, Perseus, who narrates the tale and his real I (real author), the one whose experiences are reflected in the text. But he is totally aware of the fact that the absolute reality of him as the author becomes just another level of the fiction, and his reality retreats to a further remove. He reincarnates himself in Genie, Perseus or Polyeidus, and retains his omnipresence and omnipotence throughout the novel, particularly in “Perseid”, where without the role of a mentor, that of Genie or Polyeidus, it is Perseus himself that takes on the course of his narrative. Thus, diegetic level of Perseus, as the primary, mythological ontology directly evokes the hypodiegesis of Barth as the author.

Having centralized Barth as the subject of autobiography, it would be metaphorically de Manian to de-figure him. “Perseid” can be considered as an autobiography, which in its own turn is the prosopopeia of Barth. The novella as a trope possesses the literality of delineating Barth’s personally experienced tensions within an author. The conceptual sphere is that of Barth’s absence, facelessness from his own text; he is as fictional as other characters. In other words, “to reveal authors position within the ontological structure is only to introduce the author into fiction; this gesture merely widens the structure to include author as a fictional character” (McHale 197-8). Thus, Jac Tharpe’s labeling of Chimera as an autobiography is obscured by the fact that the specular presence of the author as the subject of his own text yields itself to a self-defacement. The autobiographical text never allows its author to divulge his inner self regently. Jorge Luis Borges’ “Borges and I” is the closest parable to de Man’s notion of the author of autobiography with two selves. The article begins with the sense of division between the authentic self and an inauthentic role or mask. The innovation and the source of paradox is Borges’ identification of inauthenticity with the self that emerges in and through writing, the written persona from which the authentic self claims to be in constant retreat,

Years ago I tried to free myself from him, and I went from the mythologies of the city suburbs to games with time and infinity, but now those games belong to Borges, and I will have to think up something else. Thus is my life a flight, and I lose everything, and everything belongs to oblivion or to him? (Borges 200)

He continues to say that if the protest against the inauthentic written self is itself made in and through writing, then from whom does this protest originate? Who speaks?: “I don’t know which one of the two of us is writing this page” (Borges 201). Accordingly, the writer vanishes, and is eclipsed by his writing; he dies by projecting himself into writing. The paradoxical relation between the writer and written self correlates in de Man’s author-of-text and author-in-text. The tension between the two results in not self-advertisement or self-liberation of the author but, a self-deselfment. Perseus the embodiment of Barth-in-text observes that “myth isn’t reality” (109), thus his reflection of Barth can never be accounted for as true essence. When he has told the two-third of his story up to the first climax where he is going to confront Andromeda and her lover, Cassiopeia, he ironically proclaims: “Let my second tale be truly a second, not mere replication of my first; let a spell of monologue precede new dialogue…” (115). Here Perseus exemplifies de Man’s dual selves; the written self of Barth admits his inability to depict a true picture of the writer Barth. Any try would result in just a “replication”, a mirror-like relation between the two in which Barth’s reflection in Perseus reflects a faceless Barth, a mere echo in void. The final conversation between New Medusa and Perseus testifies such process of de-facement. Perseus is now constellated into Delta Persei. Thus Barth is finally converted into an utterance; as long as Perseus talks, Barth can exist. The worry of a blank page or silence shadows the text, pertaining to Barth’s struggle for having his autobiographical hero as a refuge from the whiteness of the blank space; “hurrying away and filling up the page with discourse” (Federman 51). However, “Perseid” ends with “Good night”, after resonating within the last pages, the voices of Perseus and New Medusa vanish into the a dark silence. Barth’s self-preserving attempts succumb to the discourse of non-existence, to “infinite pause” (Chimera 90). The final dialogue between New Medusa and Perseus encompasses Barth’s objective of writing such an autobiographical text, which is never accomplished.

Barth’s attempt in immortalizing himself, thus shapeshifting to a constellated mythological demi-god, Perseus, reduces him to just a composite of visible signs, yet silent. Ironically, he is content with what de Man considers to be mortalizing, a process of self-erasure. The contentment that Barth relishes, being “rehearsed as long as men and women read the stars”, paradoxically instigates the perpetual presence of his defacement in the mind of his readers. Since he has not managed to present a true image of himself, what remains is just an illusory, faceless reflection of Barth in the mind of his audience.

Thus, the much claimed autobiographical facet of Chimera collapses. “Perseid” represents de-faced Barth who from the very outset of the novel has ventured to originate a strong link between his artistic career and the text. Along with “Perseid”, “Bellerophoniad” rounds off in a zero zone in which the autobiographical hero sustains his ontological status, however, as a decentered phantom echoing in the final pages. In spite of the fact that Barth has accomplished to establish a fictionalized autobiography, he has been obsessed with the diegesis of his mythological hero, hence backgrounding what he initially intended to foreground; his most inner self as an author. The application of de Man’s autobiographical approach elucidates the figurality of any type of writing or genre, even the most wildly-recognized realistic ones. Fictionality or deviation from objective truth can be traced in any assumedly real-life-based writing. J. G. Ballard in his introduction to Crash (1974) asserts: “We live inside an enormous novel. For the writer in particular it is less and less necessary to invent the fictional content of his novel. The fiction is already there. The writer’s task is to invent reality (Cited in Travers 310). Henceforth, Barth can never do away with the fictionality of his text. The aporia in which he is entangled is between being an outsider or an insider with regard to the text. As an outsider or the subject of autobiography, he is hindered to see his reflection in the text by Barth-the-insider or Perseus. It goes without saying that there is no edge or divining line between the two; they intermingle to the extent that the distinction between author-Barth and Perseus-Barth is hardly possible.

Bronchiectasis -definition Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Bronchiectasis – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment
Bronchiectasis is specify as a chronic dilation of bronchi or as a continuation of inflammatory disease or obstruction.It is an anomalistic stretching and enlarging of the respiratory passages caused by mucus hindrance . When the body is not having sufficient power to get rid of mucus, mucus becomes fixed and pile up in the airways & spilling over to adjacent branching tubes.
This results a change in the lining of the airways. The airways become wrenched out of normal shape and enlarged. Enlargement can be uniform or irregular. The mucus is hard to comprehend to clear because of the impairment to the normal ways the airways clear the mucus. A person may be born with bronchiectasis or may get it later in life as a result of another disorder. The disease, left without any treatment will continue to scathe lung tissue & bronchial tubes and cause emphysema and severe breathing difficulties.
There are two types of bronchiectasis:

  • Congenital bronchiectasis: Which generally affects infants and children. It leads to a problem in the development of the lungs in the fetus.

  • Acquired bronchiectasis: Which occurs in adults and older children. It is more common.

Bronchiectasis may caused by harsh lung infections such as pneumonia, tuberculosis & fungal infections, abnormal lung defenses, and obstruction of the airway by a foreign body or tumor are some of the predisposing factors.
Bronchiectasis may be existing at birth, but most often begins in childhood as a ramification from infection or inhaling a foreign object .It is generally caused by recurrent inflammation or infection of the airways.
There are some causes of having Bronchiectasis are:

  • Symptoms that affect the function of the cilia .

  • Blockage in the airways because of a growth or tumor.

  • Bronchiectasis may exist by inhalation of oral or stomach material into the lungs.

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease develops when the valve or sphincter having a connection
    to the esophagus and stomach is too relaxed.

  • Having chronic lung symptoms, such as cystic fibrosis( where the mucus in the bronchial tubes is too thick), allergic aspergillosis,& other mycobacterial diseases such as MAI, whooping cough , an immune deficiency disease or severe or repeated episodes pneumonia .

The most common symptoms of Bronchiectasis are:

  • Excess cough daily, over months or years.
  • Regular production of large amounts of mucus.
  • Repeated lung symptoms.
  • Wheezing.
  • Difficulty in breath.
  • Wheezing .
  • Pain in the chest .
  • Weight loss .
  • Paleness .
  • Fatigue .
  • Sinus drainage.
  • Coughing up blood .
  • Clubbing .
  • Skin discoloration.

There may exceptionally be additional disorders of associated conditions, for example bloody diarrhoea from ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, and infertility . The doctor may hear sharp noises in the chest due to retained mucus.
Antibiotics can be use to treat infections,prescribed at regular periods or continuously, by intravenous or inhaled routes. It is prescribed to wear appropriate clothing for varying temperatures to avoid weather-related illness.
There are few treatments available if bronchiectasis is early detect & is localized to a single area of the lung which could be removed without impairing breathing, then removal by operation is one cure.Anti-asthma is act as a remedy which improves the airflow through the bronchial tubes.
Nasal drops and sprays can act as a treatment of nose or sinus infection and runny nose.Oral, parenteral, and aerosolized antibiotics can be used, depending on the medical situation.
For person with high to low symptoms, parenteral antibiotics, such as an aminoglycoside and an antipseudomonal synthetic penicillin, a fluoroquinolone, may be recommended.
Intake of drugs such as albuterol and flovent may help to ebb likelihood of infection by clearing the airways and abate inflammation.

Speech Dysfunctions In Parkinson’s Disease

Parkinson’s disease often affects the patient’s ability to speak clearly and this is often considered one of its worse symptoms. For many patients, the loss of their ability to communicate clearly to others is heartbreaking. For these patients, they have the added problem of feeling as if they have some sort of dementia. It is important to remember that a Parkinson’s patient can hear himself just fine.

It has been estimated that between 65-90% of Parkinson’s disease sufferers will ultimately have troubles with their speech, and these problems can become apparent in explicit ways which include speaking in either a monotone or unintelligible gibberish. At times, patients hesitate before actually speaking which can give the impression that there is some memory impairment or dementia with the patient. At other times, the speech is faster than normal, and very often the same words are repeated over and over. Again, this can give the impression that the patient is suffering from dementia or memory impairment problems.

Dysarthria is another speech problem associated with Parkinson’s disease. This speech problem shows itself in ways such as a weak, soft spoken, slow or incoherent speech. As both the pitch and volume of speech is also affected by dysarthria, eventually speech becomes unintelligible.

Dysarthria is caused by the speech muscles weakening and becoming uncoordinated due to the Parkinson’s condition. Severity can vary from one patient to the next. In fact, some patients may have this in very severe form, while others may only have slight effects from it.

Speech therapy can often help with this problem for some patients. If speech therapy is carefully introduced in conjunction with medication extremely good results can often be achieved.

Voice exercises to improve vocal cords and muscles can also improve speech difficulties caused by Parkinson’s disease. Regular voice exercises can be very effective.

Regardless of the therapy used, a person with Parkinson’s disease who is also suffering from a speech impediment should always be treated with consideration and patience. Visitors should remember that they need time to formulate their words and then must deliver the words through the mouth. It can frustrating for both parties, the speaker and the person listening to the Parkinson’s sufferer, but patience and respect must win out. Trying to get the speaker to speak faster will only make the problem worse.

Everyone should keep in mind that Parkinson’s disease steals many things from a person. The fact that it can also steal a person’s ability to communicate only makes it more dreadful.

Rape – Understanding the Five Rules

Women often find themselves in precarious conditions because they are unaware of or oblivious to the rules of conduct and situation from the male perspective. Women even in the most positive sense take up the role of the victim too readily, easily and far too often. It seems that women are often not ready to make the commitment to changing their thinking, habits, self destructive lifestyles, and ideas about modesty. All men are potential rapists therefore women must be able to distinguish men according to fact and circumstances rather than feelings and delusions. This is where the “Five Rules” come in to protect women not just from men but from their own misconceptions and fears. Rapes just don’t happen as a rule there is premeditation involved from the male point of view and often considerable logical thought. Being a man the natural inclination is to treat other men (especially those unknown) with a definite degree of mutual caution if not suspicion, although commonly men share the threat of mutual destruction if violence ensues. Women do not have the protection of mutual aggression, strength and the assured possibly devastating retaliation. Men do not have fear of women and males of other species from chimpanzees to dogs can identify women as female, rank them as dominate or non dominate and threaten them accordingly. However with human males they are much more cautious because they know they can never be sure of the outcome. With this in mind, I have developed Five Rules that if followed could serve any woman in any society quite well if taken seriously.

1. Wild Kingdom Rules

Men consciously or unconsciously are able view women in a way women do not perceive. For rough example a panther, leopard or any big cat watches the landscape from a high place or the shadows and learns the habits routine and movements of its prey. It logically uses this information to stalk, herd, ambush, and ultimately attack its prey, while the prey almost always stays in reactive mode rather that a proactive one. The prey’s defense is to be alert, panic and to flee but even this has a predictable pattern and the big cats count on this because they are often fed by it. Women must assume they are being watched especially when they have no apparent male companion or relatives that are frequently visible. Profiles on serial rapist bear out the fact that the most dangerous men are not men of other social economic, racial, or cultural groups, but rather the men that seem to fit in from the victims own race, economic strata and cultural settings. These are the men women look at but don’t see (hiding in plain sight using the best camouflage of all) because society has trained them not to. Nice upscale gated community may not just be locking the undesirables out but locking potential victims in with the real sex criminals. Assume the men in the neighborhood, on the street, at the job, clubs, sports events etc. know a lot more about local women than they think. Today’s new casual male friend, sports partner, or associate could be tomorrows date rapist or nighttime intruder. The clean cut very socially acceptable men can be the ones with the most skeletons in their dark mental closets, and the criminal animal mind can be shockingly logical. Do not jog or walk alone especially in deserted or semi deserted places like wooded areas, roads, parks, alley ways, bike paths etc. and never at dawn, dusk or after dark. There have been instances of mountain lions attacking or even killing women in secluded locations and they don’t have the advantages of a human brain as men evidently do.

2. Prison Sex Rules

An office, a hotel, a park, a mall parking lot, a parking garage or entire city can be a prison because men are nearby and women know nothing of their true intent. Women must mentally function the way a man would if incarcerated, be aware, be cautious, be armed if possible (a key, a pen or pencil, a magazine, etc. are all weapons of opportunity if used correctly) “soap on a rope” can do a lot of damage to a human being in or out of the showers and they won’t see it coming. The point is not to have sex with anyone because sex and violence have no distinction in a confined environment and men recognize the predatory nature and tendency of man. Don’t assume anyone is a friend and never smile. Don’t do favors for anyone. Don’t accept gifts even small ones from any man (candy, cigarettes, money etc). Remember yes means “yes” maybe means “yes” and most important “no” means “yes” to “sex” in any conversation no matter what the weaker parties intent or the conversational context. Never show fear rather be stoic or show aggression stay as quiet and detached as possible, quiet people are hard to fathom and unpredictable when under attack. Know your escape routes, never turn your back; if you have to flee use your head stay lucid and a fighting retreat can spoil the plans and aggression of an attacker. Last of all prepare yourself to mentally deal with the possibility of gang rape. If men use violence against men in the form of rape in prison then certainly it will be used against weaker and often less savvy women.

3. Cover-up Rules

A woman’s best preventative defense is to recover from her mis-education and indoctrination that presents women as sex objects to sell everything from cars to toothpaste. Women put more clothes on for protection to mask the female shape which prevents men from imprinting. When a man sees a woman in a state of undress (and this does not mean she is naked but dressed too scantly) men make assumptions the woman is loose or less worthy of respect. Nuns, Muslim women that cover, and modestly dressed women are treated differently, with more respect and are much less likely to be molested verbally or otherwise by men. Many men control their desires and curiosity when it comes to women but this is not necessarily the rule. A woman displayed in public can incite lust and bad behavior in men the same way a gun brandished in public incites fear and uncertainty. It is not hard to see women that are wearing garments that are too tight, see through, too shear, too small or too short chafe at unwanted male attentions that range from hard stares, cat calls, whistles, to blocking her path and touching. Not to mention men that are seen with women dressed like this don’t exactly garner the respect of other men. Men in authority from bosses to policemen are men too and certainly capable of committing heinous crimes against women, so don’t be fooled. There are many beautiful types of apparel available for women to look smart while being covered. Men that see women covered are more likely to offer a modicum of respect and keep their distance if nothing else and those with bad intentions are more likely to choose another female victim less dressed. There is no death penalty for rape in most western countries and the burden of proof is on the woman so if nothing else, more clothes will make it at least more difficult for any attacker. How conservative a woman dresses can make her a much smaller target of opportunity.

4. Lifestyle Rules

Drugs, alcohol, questionable locations and late hours open up so many opportunities for rape one hardly knows where to begin. Women seen in this frame work are in serious trouble no matter how many times they have lived through it without incident it only has to go wrong once. Women that have decided to be drug addicts alcoholics prostitutes, or just happen to live on the streets tend to instinctively know rape is a definite part in their world. Rape leaves them with survival skills, STD’s, PTSD, and another filthy memory awash in a sea of substance abuse, poverty and fear. However no one prepares or warns the new female recruit fresh from home about the military services which are more dangerous rape and sexual assault wise than any dark street corner or alleyway. The news contains a litany of articles and stories about females being sexually mis-treated while in the military but the general public only seems to turn a blind eye when confronted with this disturbing truth. Media sources remain relatively mute when the subject of rape is mentioned in conjunction with the military. Instead the focus is on “don’t ask don’t tell” when in reality the spotlight needs to be on female rights and safety in the military and the phase should be “don’t tell don’t ask” because this is the real “defacto” policy of the military. Male soldiers are directly or indirectly responsible for more female enlisted deaths injuries and attacks than the Taliban or the so called Al Qaeda combined. The families of the female enlisted victims cannot seem to get true and correct information from the military let alone consistent actual arrests and convictions. Therefore the military is a very hazardous lifestyle choice for any woman, in fact more dangerous than being on the streets doing drugs and alcohol. Choose a lifestyle after careful consideration but never assumed that even lifestyles of the norm are safe.

5. Combat Rules

Violence is something to be avoided at all cost, unless the cost is your right to your own personal physical and mental well being. For a woman facing a serious threat from a man or men bent on the violence of rape the play book of human kindness immediately goes out the window. In fact she will find that her best savior is herself and this will require conviction and commitment. Even the most fearful woman must dig down deep to find the where with all to do what she must, “survive”! The women of Bosnia, Chechnya, Darfur, Kashmir, Rwanda, Uganda, and thousands of rape victims in the USA can tell about the horrors of being in a rape situation and how they wish they could have avoided being a victim if only they could have defended themselves. Women often first respond to an impending attack with fear and indecision this conveniently paralyzes them at the most crucial moment. At that moment a woman must react by doing what the attacker least expects commit to combat “hit harder faster more often and hit him first”! Of course sharp contact with vital sensitive areas of the male anatomy can have the added beneficial effect of making any male attacker unable to perform or perpetuate an attack. This is something that is not hard to do regardless of height weight or strength but women are almost never taught this. I urge all women take a few hours learn some form of self defense get use to the feeling of combat and how to keep yourself calm and thinking during it, because attackers tend to be careless, arrogant and make a lot of mistakes. A little preparation and a lot of conviction to self preservation are better than a million hours of post rape counseling; counsel yourself to “win” before it ever happens!

Stopping Hair Loss And Regrowing Hair With Growth Factors


Hair growth is maintained through a cyclic process that includes a periodic stem-cell-dependent regeneration of hair follicles. The hair cycle consists of three defined stages: growth (anagen), followed by regression (catagen) and rest (telogen). Growth of a new hair requires reentry into anagen, a process involving activation of multipotent epithelial stem cells residing in a specialized part of the follicle outer root sheath (ORS) known as the bulge.  Activating signals emanate from adjacent mesenchymal cells (dermal papilla), directing epithelial stem cells to migrate and differentiate to regenerate the hair bulb, the structure from which a new hair will emerge. Multiple signaling pathways, including Wnts, Sonic hedgehog (Shh), and TGF-beta family members have been shown to promote anagen initiation.

Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is characterized by the structural miniaturization of androgen-sensitive hair follicles in susceptible individuals and occurs in an anatomically defined pattern on the scalp. Hair loss in aging men is characterized by these “damaged hair follicles.” Normal hair growth depends on the hair cycle where periodic regeneration of a tiny organ, the hair follicle, occurs through a stem-cell-mediated process. Within the follicle normal stem cell function is essential for hair follicle regeneration. In their studies of wound healing in burn victims and ulcer patients, Drs. Al-Qahtani and Maguire observed the formation of new follicles and associated new hair growth. The formation of new follicles and hair growth was shown to be associated with a cascade of cellular and biochemical events during the wound healing process.

By studying wound healing  at the cellular and molecular levels, the skin was observed to have the ability to revert to a more primitive or “embryonic” state as progenitor cells migrate to the wounded area, restoring the regenerative capacity of the skin not previously thought to occur in adults The regenerative response included new hair follicle formation, allowing new hair to grow at the restored site.  A major part of the wound healing cascade is the release of growth factors and cytokines from stem cells into the layers of the scalp at the site of the wound.

Although dihydrotestosterone (DHT) is only one factor, and a minor factor, in causing the unhealthy minaturization of the follicle in male pattern baldness, this process has received much attention. Several products are now on the market that attempt to restore hair growth based on interacting with the DHT pathway. These DHT specific products (e.g. Finasteride) have demonstrated limited efficacy and debilitating side-effects, including sexual dysfunction. Growth factors have also previously been shown to overcome the metabolic processes associated with benign prostrate hyperplasia (BPH).  Based on the similar etiologies of BPH and of male pattern baldness through a dihydrotestosterone (DHT), we hypothesized that naturally occurring growth factors may also benefit the treatment of AGA through the DHT pathway, but without the side-effects seen with other products such as minoxidil, a potassium channel agonist that effects heart function, and the previously mentioned  Finasteride . More importantly, the direct effects of topically applied cytokines and growth factors to the biochemical milleu of the follicle to restore the normal physiology and anatomy of the hair follicle is the crtical factor in restoring hair growth.

Here, we report the first example of a placebo-controlled, double-blind study undertaken to examine the benefit of these naturally occurring growth factors in the treatment of AGA.

Objectives: The goal of this study was to test naturally occurring growth factors in the treatment of AGA.

Subjects: Included in this study were males between the ages of 25 and 65 years of age, in good health, with mild to moderate AGA.


Clinical Assessment

Efficacy measurements were administered at baseline, and then at a final visit. The measurments were: 1) investigative staff assessed hair growth  and 2) patient self-assessment of treatment efficacy and satisfaction with appearance.

Patient Self-Assessment

The parameters assessed by study subjects in this analysis were the following questions: a) size of bald spot; b) appearance of hair; c) growth of hair; d) rate of hair loss; and e) satisfaction with appearance of hair.

The results of this study showed a highly positive response to treatment. The blinded investigative staff assessment report showed that over 90% of  study subjects dosed with the active study formulation were rated as improved at the final visit. Patient self assessment demonstrated that 94% of the patients saw significant improvement in hair growth and prevention of hair loss. Although color of the new hair was not quantified, most subjects reported and were observed in the clinic to have new hair growth that expressed the hair’s natural color.

Conclusions: This study establishes the effectiveness of naturally occurring growth factors for the first time in the treatment of hair loss.

Growth factor technology has been used to generate completely new hair follicles for the first time in normal adult males.

The researchers were able to induce the regenerative response, including new hair follicle formation, by applying a combination of factors to the scalp. This work showed that the induction of this primitive state in skin triggered corresponding embryonic molecular pathways distinct from those active in corresponding cells in adult skin, allowing a new topical treatment option for regrowing hair not previously thought to have therapeutic benefit in normal adult skin.

What Are the 13 Categories of Disability For Special Education Eligibility?

Does your child struggle with academics, and you are concerned that they may have a disability? Have you been told by special education personnel that your child does not fit any of the 13 eligibility classifications to receive special education services? This article will discuss the 13 classifications of disability, that are covered in the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), and make a child eligible for special education services. Whether a certain child is eligible is up to the parent and the IEP team, but having a disability in one of the 13 categories is required in order to be found eligible.

The categories are:

1. Autism: A developmental disability that can affect the verbal and nonverbal communication, social interaction, and can have a negative affect on the child’s education. The prevalence of autism is 1 in 150 as determined by the CDC or Center for Disease Control.

2. Other Health Impaired (OHI): The child exhibits limited strength, alertness, due to chronic or acute health problems, including but not limited to asthma, ADD/ADHD, cancer, diabetes, which negatively affects the child’s education.

3. Mental Retardation: Defined as significantly below average general functioning, with deficits in adaptive behavior, which negatively affects the child’s education.

4. Emotional Disturbance (ED): Exhibits one of the following conditions over an extended period of time and these conditions negatively effect a child’s education. An inability to learn that cannot be explained by intellectual, sensory or health factors. For a child to be ED they are not supposed to have any other type of disability negative affecting their education.

5. Deafness: Residual hearing is severely impaired in processing the spoken word, negatively affecting the child’s education.

6. Hearing Impairment: Exhibits a hearing loss that is permanent or fluctuating, which even with amplification negatively affects the child’s education.

7. Visual Impairment: Impairment is such that educational potential cannot be fulfilled without special services and materials.

8. Deaf-Blindness: Child has both hearing and visual disabilities.

9. Specific Learning Disability (LD): Exhibits a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological process (such as visual, motor, language etc) which negatively affects a child’s education.

10. Multiple Disabilities: The child exhibits two or more severe disabilities, one of which is mental retardation.

11. Orthopedic Impairment: Displays severe impairments that are the result of congenital anomaly, developmental, or other causes (such as CP) which negatively affects the child’s education.

12. Speech or Language Impairment: Exhibits a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a receptive and/or expressive language disorder, that negatively affects the child’s education.

13. Traumatic Brain Injury: The child has an injury to their brain resulting in total or partial functional disability.

By knowing what categories are covered under IDEA you will be able to understand if your child has a disability that makes them eligible for special education services. You are the only advocate that your child has-do not let them down!

How to Stop Stammering – 1 Simple Practice That Will Decrease Your Stutter in Under 10 Minutes

If you could discover how to stop stammering instantly and cure your stutter, your life will instantly change for the better. I know exactly how you feel when it comes to wanting to stop stammering for life, because I use to stutter myself.

No, stammering is not a disease, it is a speech problem that very much takes control of how you communicate with others, how others listen to you, and sometimes the way you perform at the job.

As a little girl, I use to be embarrassed to talk to people because of my speech problem. Whenever I spoke, people stared at me crazy and laughed at the face expression I made when trying to pronounce certain words.

 As I got older, my stuttering wasn’t as bad and I realized that every time I wasn’t feeling scared or thinking about me stuttering, I wouldn’t stutter at all or it wasn’t that bad.

So,  If you could decrease your stammering by one notch, I bet you would feel better about yourself. I’ve learned that people who stutter want to get into certain emotional states of mind and that causes them to begin stuttering because it acts like a trigger.

Kind of confuse? Stuttering never occurs on the words that are said. Stuttering begins when specific words which cause triggering emotional states begin to come up.

Did you know that stuttering comes about when not releasing your breath when you speak? When this happens, stuttering becomes part of your conditioning by causing a change in your habitual breathing patterns and this makes talking difficult without the right techniques to correct it.

With this little knowledge, you can practice breathing on certain words that triggers your stutter and see how it works for you. Doing this help you stop stammering in under ten minutes! Do you want to be one step away from curing your stutter?

New treatments for Giant cell tumor

Giant cell tumor of bone (GCT) is a rare, aggressive non-cancerous (benign) tumor. It generally occurs in adults between the ages of 20 and 40 years. Giant cell tumor of bone is very rarely seen in children or in adults older than 65 years of age. Giant cell tumors occur in approximately one person per million per year.

Giant cell tumors are named for the way they look under the microscope. Many “giant cells” are seen. They are formed by fusion of several individual cells into a single, larger complex.

Many bone tumors and other conditions (including normal bone) contain giant cells. Giant cell tumor of bone is given its characteristic appearance by the constant finding of a large number of these cells existing in a typical background. Most bone tumors occur in the flared portion near the ends of long bone (metaphysis), but giant cell tumor of bone occurs almost exclusively in the end portion of long bones next to the joints (epiphysis). In rare cases, this tumor may spread to the lungs.

Giant cell tumors of bone occur spontaneously. They are not known to be associated with trauma, environmental factors, or diet. They are not inherited. In rare cases, they may be associated with hyperparathyroidism.

agent Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a privately held specialty pharmaceutical company, today announced that it has launched pamidronate disodium injection in single-dose vials containing 30 mg per 10 mL and 90 mg per 10 mL.  Pamidronate disodium injection, the generic alternative of Novartis Pharmaceutical Company’s Aredia®, is a bone resorption inhibitor.  The 2008 U.S. market for pamidronate disodium approximated $17 million, according to IMS data.
“Pamidronate is an important adjunctive therapy for cancer patients for the treatment of chemotherapy-associated osteoporosis,” said Jeffrey M. Yordon, chief executive officer, founder, and chairman of the board of Sagent. “It will be a valuable addition to Sagent’s oncolytic and supportive care product line, and we believe we are well positioned to serve this market.”

Pamidronate disodium is indicated for the treatment of moderate or severe hypercalcemia associated with malignancy, with or without bone metastases. Patients who have either epidermoid or non-epidermoid tumors respond to treatment with pamidronate disodium. Secondly, pamidronate disodium is indicated for the treatment of patients with moderate to severe Paget’s disease of bone. Thirdly, it is indicated, in conjunction with standard antineoplastic therapy, for the treatment of osteolytic bone metastases of breast cancer and osteolytic lesions of multiple myeloma.

Stuttering Caffeine Link

Stuttering is a condition experienced by some people while speaking, wherein they tend to prolong a few words or parts of words. Also known as stammering, the exact cause of this condition is not known even to physicians and specialists in this field. The problem of stuttering is assumed by specialists to be caused by numerous factors and it is can also sometimes be caused by the excessive intake of caffeine. Though caffeine cannot be considered to be one of the primary causes of stuttering, it could aggravate the problem of stammering.

Regular intake of caffeine has known to have an adverse effect on people who stutter. Various studies have shown that when the intake of caffeine becomes excessive, an area of the brain is found to contain high levels of Dopamine. Dopamine is responsible for activating the pleasure centre of the brain and when it is present in huge amounts, it tends to have an effect which may or may not affect stuttering. Also, caffeine can sometimes stimulate vocal tensions which further increase stuttering.

The consequences of caffeine intake are not the same in all stutterers. While some may feel that the intake of caffeine does no harm to them, some others swear by the fact that their stuttering increases with caffeine intake. It can be assumed that the level of consumption of caffeine plays an important part in such cases; a high portion may be the cause of an undesired bout of stuttering. Hence, stutterers must watch the amount of caffeine intake to pro-actively prevent stuttering difficulties.

Since stuttering is more prominent in the childhood and because of the link known between stuttering and caffeine, it is better to avoid caffeine and sugary foods in children’s diet. Generally, the amount of stuttering reduces as years go by, but this must not mean that the precautions against caffeine can be evaded. This is because caffeine may induce the stuttering effect in former stutters hence causing an inconvenience.

The removal of caffeine from diet has known to completely eliminate the stuttering problem in some children, thus proving there is a link between stuttering and caffeine and hence showing that it is best that it is not included in the diet. As the saying goes, “Prevention is better than cure”, and it is always advisable to refrain from taking caffeine, than to consume it and then face the trouble of stuttering.

Why Do I Snore? A Simple-To-Understand Guide To What Causes Snoring & How To Stop It For Good

Snoring is definitely no laughing matter. You may think its funny, even make jokes about it, but please, think again. Snoring is not only an annoying inconvenience for those sleeping within earshot, it can also be an indication of more deep-seated health issues. Snoring has been linked to marriage break-ups, engagements being called off, being socially black-listed when weekends away with friends are organized … even death.

Now this last complication is a big call I know. And I am not talking here about a frustrated sleeping partner finally flipping out and pulling the trigger. Instead I am referring to actually dying either in your sleep, or departing from this world as a direct result of your snoring.

Scary thought isn’t it, but it does occasionally happen. And unfortunately, the probability of this occurring actually affects more people than most of us would care to imagine. If someone does die as a result of their snoring, it’s usually due to complications that have arisen because they suffer from the respiratory disorder Obstructive Sleep Apnea (O.S.A.).

However luckily most snorers suffer from what is often referred to as ‘simple snoring’. They do not have the breathing disorder Sleep Apnea and this article primarily refers to this more common form of snoring. If you do feel that you may have O.S.A., always have it checked out by a healthcare professional because as mentioned, it can lead to serious health issues developing.

Now, a few snoring facts …

– 1 in every 3 Americans snore – maybe you sleep with one of them or in fact snore yourself?

– Once a snorer, always a snorer – unfortunately it’s a lifetime health issue

– Snoring usually becomes more entrenched and gets louder and louder as you age.

But there’s light at the end of the tunnel – with the correct dietary and lifestyle adaptations, snoring can usually be controlled and in many cases even stopped altogether.

Sounds too good to be true? Well read on, but first let’s look at the mechanics of why you snore.

Physiologically, your snoring is most likely to be the result of a partial obstruction of your airways at the back of your throat. This obstruction occurs because when you sleep your neck and throat muscles relax, which can lead to a narrowing of these airways so that your breathing becomes labored and noisy as your air intake is forced through a smaller opening.

And the end result? Your uvula and soft palate at the back of your throat then vibrate against your relaxed tongue, causing that all too familiar snoring sound. Zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzzz.

Then the deeper you sleep, the more your respiratory muscles relax and your airways narrow even further so that to sustain normal breathing, the airflow becomes even more forceful and the louder you snore. Until of course your frustrated sleeping partner elbows you in the ribs to force you to turn over.

Now, the main causes of snoring can be summarized as follows:

Physiological causes:

– Poor muscle tone in the back of the tongue, the soft palate and throat

– Excessive bulkiness or thickness of the throat, neck tissue or tongue

– Enlarged adenoids or tonsils, especially in children

– A swollen or enlarged thyroid gland in the neck (known as a goiter)

– An under active thyroid (known as hypothyroidism)

– Obstructed upper respiratory tract, stuffy nose or clogged sinuses

– A structural abnormality, such as a deviated septum or cranial distortion

– Ineffective neural control of the mucus membranes in the head and neck

– Overweight and obesity, especially around the neck and upper abdomen

– Aging (which causes a general loss of muscle tone)

Lifestyle causes:

– Allergies to inhalants (eg dust), causing upper respiratory tract congestion

– Allergies or intolerance of certain foods (eg lactose in milk products)

– High carbohydrate diet, especially refined carbohydrates

– Colds, flu and other respiratory tract diseases (both viral and bacterial)

– Excessive use of decongestants (they dry up the nasal passages)

– Sleeping tablets and other relaxants (they relax the throat muscles too!)

– Alcohol (which both relaxes and dilates – ie swells – the throat muscles)

– Smoking (which inflames and swells the upper airways)

– Previous throat or oral surgery

– Missing a significant amount of teeth (changes the shape of the mouth)

Even if you can identify with some or many of these causes of your snoring, there is light at the end of the tunnel, so please don’t lose heart! For the majority of snorers, your problem CAN be brought under control and the cure to your snoring may well be as simple as making some environmental changes.

In essence, barring structural abnormalities, stopping your snoring in both the short and especially the long term often simply comes down to making appropriate dietary and lifestyle changes. And there is no permanent quick fix or wonder pill to prevent common snoring, so you can immediately stop searching for that one!

Instead for the common snorer, stopping or at least significantly reducing snoring is all about monitoring both:

1. The fuel that you put into your body (ie your food and drink)


2. The lifestyle that you lead.

Yes, from time to time you may come across some effective short term solution to stopping your snoring, but if you really want the long term solution – in other words, giving yourself half a chance of killing your snoring problem for good – then you will need to make appropriate dietary and lifestyle changes as well, or your dream of silent nights just won’t turn into reality.

Now I’m sorry to be blunt here, but fact is fact. There is just too much stop snoring hype, too many short term ‘solutions’ that allow your snoring to return with a vengeance as soon as you stop using them, too many silver bullets that don’t really offer much relief at all and not enough quality information about how to put a permanent end to your snoring.

Instead, if you are really serious about permanently stopping your snoring, take a good look at your diet and lifestyle choices first BEFORE you consider other treatment protocols. You will most likely save yourself a lot of time and money, apart from avoiding the frustration of trying product after product, only to find that the underlying problems that are causing your snoring in the first place are still there!

How to Exterminate Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a general term which refers to an infection of the lungs, that can be due to variety of microorganisms, such as viruses, bacteria, fungi, and parasites. Pneumonia invades your lungs in two ways. Lobar pneumonia affects a portion (lobe) of a lung.

Bronchial pneumonia (or bronchopneumonia) infleunces patches throughout both lungs. Presently, over 3 million people develop pneumonia each year in the United States. There are various kinds of pneumonia ranging in seriousness from mild to life-threatening.

Smoking, alcoholism, immunosuppressive medications, chemotherapy, surgery, prolonged use of antibiotics; Asthma, AIDS, heart disease, chronic kidney disease; certain fungi and inhalation of certain chemicals and gases are other factors.

During the early acute stage of pneumonia, a tea made from fenugreek seeds will help the body to produce perspiration, dispel toxicity, and shorten the period of fever. Upto four cups of the tea can be taken daily. The quantity can be reduced as the condition improves. To improve the flavor of the tea, a few drops of lemon juice may be added. During this treatment, no other food or nourishment should be taken, as fasting and fenugreek will allow the body to correct these respiratory problems in a few days.

Sesame seeds can also act as a good herbal treatment for pneumonia. Take out an extract of sesame seeds, by steeping 15 gm of seeds in 250 ml of water. A mixture of this extract, a tablespoon of linseed, a pinch of common salt and a dessertspoon of honey, can be given to the suffering patient everyday. This will help him in treating pneumonia fast.

Garlic is an effective home remedy for Pneumonia. It helps in bringing down the temperature. You can even apply some garlic paste on the patient’s chest.
Take about 5-6 tulsi leaves and extract its juice. Now mix this juice with a few grind grains of black pepper at every six hours interval. This will help you cure pneumonia fast.

If the above two treatments are combined and used on a person, then it could work wonders. It will produce enough heat in the body to make the person sweat. With this sweat all the effect of cold inside the body shall vanish and the patient will be cured within days.

Good digestion also helps relieve the pressure on the major organs and as such food and drinks like strong tea, coffee, pickles and sauces which are harder to ingest should be minimized or cut out altogether.

When the swelling of a boil or infection is not opened by a taro plaster, a rice plaster can be used to help reduce the fever around the infected area. Hand grind 70% cooked brown rice, 20% raw green leafy vegetables, and raw nori in a suribachi — the more grinding, the better. (If the mixture is very sticky, add water.) Apply the paste to the affected area. If the plaster begins to burn, remove it, since it is no longer effective. To remove, rinse with warm water to remove direct paste.

Respiratory therapists sometimes have their patients blow into a device with an adjustable valve that exercises the lungs the same way as blowing up balloons. “By taking deeper breaths and blowing harder than one would normally, blowing up balloons may help people move mucus up and out of their lungs.

5 Causes of Sinus Infections and Sinus Problems – Nurse’s Guide

If you’re having sinus headaches, sinus pressure or pain or other sinus problems regularly or you have chronic sinus infections you may want to know what may be causing them. Sometimes just knowing the cause of a sinus condition will help you stop exposure or avoid them in the future. I’ll mention just five of the causes here that you may or may not know about.

1. Sinus infections. In recent studies it was found that most sinus infections are caused by a fungus. For many years it was thought they were bacterial in nature or viral but studies have shown only a small percentage of them are.

2. Exposure to dust mite droppings. Dust mites are tiny creatures that are too small for you to see. They love to hang out in bedding and load up mattresses so they actually can weigh more after a few years of use it’s claimed. Dust mite droppings are the culprit and it takes a thorough HEPA vacuuming of your carpets and hot water washing for all bedding to eliminate most of them.

To get rid of them all and prevent future problems, you’ll need allergen prevention, zipped covers for your pillows and mattresses to keep the dust mites out. Some people even remove the carpeting in their bedroom. You’d need to get a dust mite allergy test to determine if they’re the cause.

3. Cigarette smoke. Smoke you inhale either as a smoker yourself, or from second hand smoke can wreak havoc with your sinuses and cause the lining of the cavities to swell, causing sinusitis. Avoid inhaling smoke at all cost. Secondly any other kind of smoke from fire extinguishers, forest fires, neighborhood burnings, etc. can be a major source of sinus problems.

4. Dust. Digging around in old boxes of files or household items or stirring up old dust in any household area can raise dust and cause it to be airborne. Wear masks to help limit your exposure to this dust. It can get up into your sinuses and make them swell narrowing the passages or causing a blockage and start up a sinus infection.

5. Polluted air or smoggy conditions outdoors. Be aware of air quality reports on the local news if you’re plagued with sinus problems. It only takes a short walk around the neighborhood or the windows open at home for you to be exposed to polluted air. Keep your windows and car windows closed.

These are just a few of the causes of sinus infections and other sinus conditions. There are natural ways to treat your sinus problems and you can learn how to treat a sinus infection naturally at home. You don’t have to suffer ever again. Once you learn how to stop them with natural treatment you’ll know once and for all how to prevent your sinus symptoms from turning into full blown sinus infections.

Phlegm, Dampness and Chinese Medicine

Internal Dampness & Phlegm

Dampness and phlegm are accumulations that occur in the body that may make us feel ‘phlegmy’ or just heavy and tired. When our diet is out of sync with our body, our mind is working overtime, or when the weather is very damp and humid, we tend to become stagnant with damp and phlegm.

Dampness is generally considered a thicker/heavier viscosity than phlegm, however may be less obvious in physical signs. Dampness is sensed in the heaviness of the body and fogginess of thinking, and can be seen in the tongue coat.

Phlegm is thinner and manifests in a runny nose or wet type of cough.

Symptoms of Dampness & Phlegm

· Foggy head

· Poor memory

· Difficulty waking up in the morning

· Low energy, especially after eating

· Loose Stool

· Poor concentration

· Leucorrhoea

· Wet-pustulent skin conditions

Signs of Dampness & Phlegm

· Swollen tongue with teeth marks

· White coating on tongue

· Runny nose, especially after greasy/dairy food

· Slippery pulse

One of the signs of dampness is a thick tongue coating and swelling of the tongue body. Sometimes the coating of the tongue is very thick and white, especially in people that consume a lot of dairy such as yoghurt and milk. These people often also scrape the coating of their tongue as it is so thick! This doesn’t treat the root of the damp problem, just removes one of the indicators.

Damp and phlegm accumulate for a few different reasons. We can initially break the causes down into 2 categories: Internal and External routes.

Internally damp/phlegm may accumulate due to:

1. Overthinking/stress leading to a deficiency of the spleen qi (digestive energy) which can’t cope with all the damp foods being ingested, thus leading to a sluggish digestion.

2. Poor diet. Too much dairy, greasy, oily, fatty, sweet, cold, raw and rich natured foods.

Externally damp/phlegm may accumulate due to:

1. Humid environment. Tropical weather. Air-conditioner blasting on you during a hot day for long periods of time.

2. The two weeks between each season change, and especially the end of summer which is considered the ‘late summer’ or ‘damp’ time of the year when we expect dampness to accumulate.

Chinese medicine is based on the 5 element theory. Fire, Earth, Metal, Water and Wood.

Each element relates to a season, organ, emotion and function etc. Dampness relates most closely to earth. The earth element relates to late summer, and the organs of the spleen and stomach.

The job of the spleen and stomach is to convert food and water to energy and the rest to waste. However, sometimes when this system is run-down and can’t convert things properly, due to a rich diet for example, there is an excess residue left over that can’t be disposed of efficiently called dampness. Chinese medicine also states that when the dampness over flows from the earth element, it is contained in the metal element; this being the lungs and large intestine. This can explain why sometimes we eat greasy fish and chips or a milk shake and get a runny nose, cough or diarrhea.

Dampness is heavy and likes to drain down and out. Sometimes it can’t do this as it gets blocked and gluggy. There are a few ways we get rid of damp. First we want to reduce the foods that are adding to the problem. Then we want to use herbs and acupuncture to either open the pores of the skin to disperse through sweat, purge through the stool or drain through urination. Then we will strengthen the digestion using a bland diet, exercise, herbs and acupuncture.

Matter and Energy

A good way to explain Chinese medicine and what we call ‘digestive fire’ is through basic physics principles.

Matter and energy. The two fundamental aspects of nature are fire and water. We can refer to these 2 elements as matter (water) and energy (fire). Everything is a form of matter and energy, matter being a more condensed form with less vibration and energy as a more dispersed and insubstantial form that has highly vibrational electrons and protons.

This said, the two are interchangeable; life and nature are always moving and changing. We are made up of matter and we are driven by passion, emotion, will and love, in this case we can say this is the ‘energy’ or fire that is life. Thus, we are made up of matter, driven by energy. But what fuels this energy? Food, air and water. So we have life, or this ‘inner fire’, and we want to add fuel or wood. What kind of wood would we add to a campfire?

What burdens the digestive fire?

When we want to make a good fire, we need good, light and dry wood; like kindling. We notice when we put green sticks on the fire it smokes and dulls the fire. Likewise, if we put a large log of wet wood on the fire, we’re likely to extinguish it totally.

The spleen and stomach like dry, light food. Thus heavy, oily, greasy, raw and dense foods are not the kind of thing to strengthen an already weak digestion. It is like throwing a big heavy wet log on a small fire. Goodbye fire!

We need to start with easily digestible grains and foods that are cooked well and not overly processed. This is our kindling.

Foods to reduce dampness & return digestive fire

Cooked whole grains: Rice, Oats, Barley, Rye, Millet, Quinoa, Pearl Barley, Buckwheat, Amaranth, Corn

Veggies: Beans (if you can tolerate from the gas), celery, pumpkin, turnip, alfalfa, leafy greens

Meat/Protein: Small amounts of well cooked (even slow cooked/stewed) are good and damp draining. Beef, Lamb, Chicken.

Spices/Herbs: Ginger is great to warm the digestive fire, especially in congee. Cardamom, cinnamon, fennel, paprika, cumin and pepper are all warming to the digestion.

Foods to avoid that increase dampness & reduce digestive fire

Basically, too much raw, cold, sweet, oily or mucous-forming foods.

Too many raw fruits, vegetable, sprouts, juices, cold food from the fridge, salad, sushi in excess.

Late night eating

Over eating

Not chewing properly

Processed foods such as pastries, pork, duck, salads, wheat grass, avocados, bananas, tofu, soy milk (soy is 50% fats and oils), eggs, chocolate, ice cream, smoothies, iced water, lassies, dairy.

A raw food or salad diet sounds great and cleansing but may not be beneficial for everyone. A person who is very hot, red faced with a strong constitution will benefit a lot, however a skinny, pale, tired person will become worse. This is all due to their condition, digestive fire, and diet.

Further improving digestion and reducing excess weight

When the digestive fire is reduced and we put in more of the wrong foods, we get a left over residue. This is what we call dampness. This dampness is energy that has become more substantial, matter. This left over matter may be deposited as fat or turn into more solid matter such as cysts.

The way to reduce this occurring is:

Reducing damp accumulating foods

Restoring digestive fire

Become active and exercise daily

Clearing your mind with meditation and relaxation breathing

Chris Eddy Dr of Chinese Medicine