What are the Major Causes of Insomnia?

Insomnia is a sleep disorder characterized by an inability to sleep or inability to remain asleep for a reasonable period. It can be a result of tension, stress and anxiety. It makes you feel tired upon waking and can affect your daily routine. It can affect relationships at home and work, hobbies, recreational activities, and general state of mind.

Every one wants to sleep soundly like a baby and wake up feeling refreshed but insomnia can make you inactive and tired all around the day. To treat insomnia in a better way, it is important to know the major causes of insomnia. Insomnia may be caused by any or a combination of the following:

A stressful life is the main culprit for insomnia. Relationship problems, work-related problems, anticipation of an upcoming event like a presentation or exam, or sudden life events like divorce and death of a loved one are only some examples.
Sometimes change in routine may also lead to sleeplessness. Traveling, sleeping in an unfamiliar bed and a job with variable schedules are some examples of routine interruptions that can cause insomnia, though short-term.

Another reason for insomnia may be the environmental factors. Noise, light, sudden weather changes, a room that is too hot or too cold, can disturb sleep, if not delay it. Asthma, eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia, anxiety disorders, peptic ulcer can prevent you from falling into restful sleep.

Diet high in stimulants is also a responsible for sleeplessness. Drinking too much coffee, tea, and eating too much chocolate, especially in the evening, can cause problems sleeping. Alcohol is also not recommended.

Disclaimer: This article is not meant to provide health advice and is for general information only. Always seek the insights of a qualified health professional before embarking on any health program.

Copyright © Nick Mutt, All Rights Reserved. If you want to use this article on your website or in your ezine, make all the urls (links) active.

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What Are The Pros And Cons Of Liquid Medicines Over Tablets And Pills?

Every person needs to take medicine at some point in their life and the normal format usually comes in the form of a pill or a capsule. Patients who find it difficult to take medication, like very young patients or older patients are given liquid forms of the medication. Most people are aware of the liquid OTC analgesic formulations for babies and toddlers, as well as the liquid cold and flu remedies marketed for adults, but few realize that it is possible to obtain alternative formulations for many prescription drugs when the patient has trouble swallowing pills. As always, when taking any medications, whether they are sold by prescription or over the counter, care must be taken to make sure that there will not be any adverse side effects when two or more medications are taken concurrently. You always need to tell your physician and pharmacist about any medicines you are currently taking.

Normally, individuals who take their medications in the form of pills or capsules do not have any difficulties in swallowing the medicine. These may come in several different sizes that range from fairly small to others that are rather big. Sometimes patients have trouble swallowing because of a condition called dysphagia. This condition may develop when one is young and persist throughout life, or it may develop later in life, brought on by an illness or condition that impacts the ability to swallow. When this happens, the best thing to do is to consult with the physician or pharmacist to find out if the prescribed medication comes in a different form, such as a liquid, that would be easier to swallow. There is a lengthy formulation and development process that drugs in a liquid formulation must go through prior to being prescribed for utilization by patients. This is because it is essential that the drug is evenly dispersed throughout the formulation. Liquid formulas frequently state on the label that the bottle needs to be shaken up before ingesting the medicine in order to ensure that the medication is evenly distributed and has not settled at the bottom of the bottle.

It is necessary for the design of liquid formulations to be a bit different than that of tablets so that the patient receives the proper amount of medication without imbibing large quantities of liquids. In addition, it must include an additive that masks the taste of the drug, which is frequently quite bitter and foul tasting. Normally, the average dose is not more than 5 millilitres for children, but adults usually need to take the medicine in a higher dosage. Normally the medication comes as a syrup, mixture or solution and includes sweeteners and flavouring agents to disguise the drug’s taste. Frequently fluids with a thicker viscosity are utilized so that they are not as likely to be spilled or inhaled in error. Additionally, it might have other ingredients that help the drug to stay in the liquid, which will ensure that the drug is going to be effective.

A special measuring spoon comes with liquid medications to ensure that the proper dosage is administered every time. A recent study revealed that when the special measuring spoon was not utilized, the dosage size could vary greatly due to the fact that teaspoons are not made in standard sizes. If you learn that you cannot easily use the spoon that is provided to you, ask your pharmacist for a special medicine cup or an oral syringe so that you will be able to measure the proper dosage correctly.

There are a few basic steps to follow when taking liquid medicine:

1. Be sure that you are aware of the dose you will need to consume.

2. Measure the dosage into the spoon, cup or syringe with care

3. Once the dose has been administered, clean the dispenser thoroughly so that it will be ready when the time comes for the next dose to be administered.

4. Be sure to store the bottle properly; some drugs, like antibiotics, may need to be refrigerated.

A medicine dispenser can be greatly beneficial for any medication that needs to be taken long term. These pumps are designed to fit into the medicine bottle and dispense a specific amount with each pump. These devices will make it easier to provide a correct quantity of a liquid medication when it is administered, especially at night when the lighting may be poor and in situations where dexterity or vision problems are present. Any issues should be discussed with your pharmacist or doctor.

Proper storage of medication is essential and any instructions with regard to the dosage and timing of administration must be followed exactly. In addition, any old medication should be taken to a pharmacy for proper disposal.

Are you Flushing Your Vitamins Down the Toilet?

People who clean out those portable toilets know the truth about vitamin and mineral pills. Many of them report seeing the remnants of partially digested vitamin and mineral capsules at the bottom of the porta-potties, some with the name of the pill manufacturer still on them! Do you think the people who took those vitamins realize they have literally flushed their vitamin pills and money down the toilet?

Out of the millions of nutritional supplements available on the market today, how do you know that the one you are using is worth the money you are spending on it? New technology can help you make the most of your vitamin and mineral supplement purchase.

There are 3 ways to judge if your vitamin and mineral supplement is worth the money you are spending on it: the quality of the raw materials, how well your body absorbs it and the ORAC score.

First, your nutritional supplement must be produced with quality raw materials. The only requirement FDA places on supplements is that it contain at least a trace of the vitamin, mineral or herb that is named on the label. If your supplement is really cheap, you might want to investigate how much of the ingredient you want is in there. Many discount vitamin makers will just use one little leaf per bottle of supplement with fillers added to make it look good.

Second, the Physician’s Desk reference says that only 10% of the nutrients in traditional vitamin and mineral pills and capsules are absorbed by your body. It must be digested first to be in a form that your body can use. Liquid nutritional supplements are an improvement over pills and capsules but they can’t be completely absorbed by the body either because they go through the digestive process as well. The nutrients are not in a small enough form to be absorbed by the body but they are better than pills and capsules.

Third, the ORAC score can tell if your nutritional supplement is strong enough to do what it says it will do. ORAC stands for Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity. It is a “definitive test for assessing the anti-oxidant strength of potential antioxidant compounds.” So, the higher the ORAC score, the stronger the antioxidant capability of the compound. To give you an example of this, fresh fruits and vegetables were given an ORAC score of 800. That means they are capable of delivering a strong antioxidant effect on the free radicals that produced by your body.

Eating fruits and vegetables with a high ORAC score may help the aging process in the human body and brain, according to studies done at the Jean Mayer USDA Human Nutrition research Center on Aging at Tufts University in Boston. Whole food vitamins give you the nutrition found in food plus the convenience of being able to get all you need with just one dose.

When it comes to vitamins and minerals, you really do get what you pay for. Investigate your choice in vitamin and mineral supplements to make sure that the one you choose are of the highest quality and completely absorbable by your body.

How to Get Rid of Corns


Corns can be described as painful build-ups of the skin, usually noticed either on the soles of the feet or over the joints of the toes. They are mainly the result of wearing shoes that fit too tight, which leads to excessive pressure on a particular area and results in a build-up. Though corns are not life-threatening, they can be pretty painful for a person. Corn pads are available in the market, which help in the getting rid of the corns. However, their effectiveness is open to question.

Corns and Calluses

Calluses are areas of thickened skin caused by repeated friction and pressure. They form to protect the skin and the structures beneath it from injury or damage. Calluses on the bottoms of feet thicken with time, and sometimes develop into hard corns.

Calluses can be a form of protection for the hands. Gymnasts who perform on uneven parallel bars and other apparatus often get calluses on their hands, which take a lot of abuse. Guitar players also get calluses — on their fingers — from manipulating the strings. Once formed, calluses may make it easier for the person to swing around the bars or play the guitar.

Causes Of Corns

The cause of corns is shoes that do not fit well. They rub on your toes and feet causing a build-up of skin and pressure on nerves. The first thing to do is get proper fitting shoes, then try one of these remedies to get rid of the corns and calluses.

Natural Ways to Get Rid of Corns

A doctor must treat severe or persistent corns, however, they rarely require surgery. But there are natural ways to get rid of corns. Firstly what are corns? Corns are extra skin cells accumulated and formed as healing process in an area that is subject more and unexpected pressures. The most susceptible area is feet result of poor fitting footwear. which puts extra pressure on the feet.

Do not let your feet lose the moisture on it as this makes the area dry and rough. Lactic acid based creams help in retaining moisture to your feet.

Herbal creams like calendula creams are helpful in preventing painful cracks and also soften the skin.

You can get rid of them using very simple method: Get a clove of garlic, run it through a garlic press or cut up into small pieces, add a small pinch of sea salt and using a spoon – mash it till smooth. Put a dab of it on the top of the corn and cover with band-Aid. In 2-3 days pull the band-Aid off – in most cases the corn will come off.

Corn home remedies

Firstly, you need to realize that although there are effective home remedies for corns, sometimes medical treatment is unavoidable. If your corns are particularly painful and refuse to go away using home remedies, you should not avoid going to the doctor. For severe, persistent corns, there may be no option other than to surgically remove them. This is an extremely minor operation, so you should not mix it up with the common idea of surgery.

How to Get Rid of Corns

Corns, otherwise known as foot calluses, are an accumulation of dead skin cells (calluses) around an irritated tissue on the foot. My step-mother used to have the most terrible corns, and maybe she still does. I haven’t seen her feet for a while. She didn’t wear shoes that were conducive to, well, feet.

Practical Treatment for Corns

Wearing shoes that fit properly will most definitely get rid of corns. I can’t believe people actually need to be told this, but I think we all know how deep denial can get when we’re trying to achieve that perfect image.

If you have corns between your toes, use a bit of cloth or padding to help keep your toes from rubbing against each other. Some people recommend cotton balls jammed between the toes to get rid of corns, but the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons recommends lambs’ wool instead of cotton. Who knows why.

Is US Medicare Coverage in the Philippines Possible?

Between 2007 and 2008, rumors and reports came out that U.S. Medicare coverage in the Philippines is possible. Generally, U.S. Medicare coverage is limited to all 50 states. Has Medicare gone portable at last? This article explores the truth behind the talks.

A Look Back

Sources estimate that out of the 4 million legally staying Filipinos in America in 2008, approximately 80 percent hold U.S. citizenship and a number are covered by Medicare.

Medicare is America’s federal health insurance program. It was first created in 1965 to benefit citizens aged 65 and older. In 1972, the program was revised, allowing younger people with Lou Gehrig’s disease, permanent disabilities and end-stage renal health complications to enroll.

Understanding the Structure

Medicare is a collective term that may include a number of plans:

  • original Medicare that provides hospital insurance and medical insurance
  • Medicare Advantage that provides both basic and extra healthcare services, as offered by private health maintenance organizations (HMOs) and
  • prescription drug plans that may or may not be tied to a Medicare Advantage plan

Additionally, there are Medigap plans to supplement what original Medicare does not cover. They are offered by private insurance companies.

The current policies are lettered C to J. However, in a fact sheet released by the Department of Health and Human Services of the U.S., new Medigap plans M and N will replace plans H, I, E and J starting June 1 of this year.

Off-Shore Medicare Coverage in Theory

Under the original plan, the circumstances that allow Medicare portability are limited. Coverage outside America is permitted whenever a foreign hospital is nearer than any other hospital on American soil. In rare emergency cases, those traveling “without unreasonable delay” through Canada may also avail of off-shore coverage – provided again that the Canadian hospital is much closer than an American hospital.

In March 2010, the Department of Foreign Affairs of the Philippines confirmed that under the original Medicare plan:

“… Residents of Guam and Saipan… are allowed to seek medical treatment… on emergency cases, availing of their Medicare benefits in Philippine medical facilities, due to the proximity of the Philippines vis-a-vis Hawaii, the nearest US state.”

This development is credited to the efforts of Madeleine Bordallo, congresswoman of Guam, and of Roberto Romulo, former Department of Foreign Affairs secretary, who lobbied that Philippine hospitals be allowed to issue Medicare reimbursements.

Off-Shore Medicare Coverage in Practice

My Philippine Retirement made a round of phone calls to check whether hospitals in the Philippines have already reimbursed Medicare benefits under the original plan. There were no recorded cases yet, the staff said. In fact, majority of the hospitals appeared to be unaware of “U.S. Medicare.”

They did supply the following list of honored international health insurance plans, some of which have tie-ups with Medicare Advantage plans:

LIST A.International Health Insurances Honored in Selected Luzon-Based Philippine Hospitals as of March 2010

  • (Allianz) Worldwide Care – Asian Hospital
  • AETNA – Asian Hospital
  • AETNA Global Benefit – Makati Medical Center
  • Alliance – Asian Hospital
  • Blue Cross International – Asian Hospital
  • Blue Shield – Asian Hospital
  • Calvo’s – St. Luke’s Hospital
  • CIGNA – Asian Hospital
  • GMC Services – Makati Medical Center
  • HTH World Wide – Makati Medical Center
  • IMA – Makati Medical Center
  • IMG – Asian Hospital
  • International Health Insurance of Denmark – Makati Medical Center
  • International SOS – Makati Medical Center
  • Net Care – Asian Hospital, Makati Medical Center
  • Pacific International – Asian Hospital
  • Prestige International – Makati Medical Center
  • StayWell – St. Luke’s Hospital
  • TakeCare – Asian Hospital
  • TieCare – Asian Hospital, Makati Medical Center
  • Vanbreda International – Asian Hospital, Makati Medical Center
  • William Russel – Asian Hospital

Availment of insurance benefits varies by health maintenance organization (HMO), insurance plan and servicing hospital. The insured must inquire about their Medicare Advantage benefits by HMO or plan name. Specific concerns may be sent to the respective customer care and credit/billing departments of the hospital.

LIST B. Contact Information of Selected Philippine-Based Hospitals that Honor International Health Insurances with Possible Medicare Advantage Tie-Ups

  • Asian Hospital and Medical Center: info@asianhospital.com * +63 (2) 771-9000/ +63 (2) 876-5838
  • Makati Medical Center: sales@makatimed.net.ph * +63 (2) 870-3000/ +63 (2) 870-3008
  • St. Luke’s Hospital: info@stluke.com.ph * +63 (2) 723-0101/ +63 (2) 723-0301

Impact on Philippine Retirement Decisions

The affordability of healthcare services in the Philippines is somewhat let down by the “pay-as-you-go” system, but a recent turn of events are changing the way potential retirees view the minor “cash first” inconvenience.

One such development is the direction that Medicare portability is headed. Statistical trends indicate that by 2011, Medicare expenditures will soon exceed the revenues generated from the trust fund. This can be prevented when cheaper off-shore facilities are used to deliver the same-quality healthcare services offered in the U.S., experts explain.

Another development is the health reform bill on patient protection and affordable care that U.S. President Barack Obama signed in March 2010. The current reform permits off-shore coverage and insurance of people with pre-existing health conditions. There will also be a minimum annual tax penalty of $695 for those who are unable to secure health insurance – now no longer just an option but a requirement.

Many U.S. tax payers are anxious that the latest health reform will come with a steeper price tag. “I’m anticipating my insurance premium (monthly payments) to increase from $100… to more than $500,” fears Terry who works for the federal government and hopes to retire in 2020.

Lesser take-home pay (and savings) combined with the fact that U.S. Medicare coverage in the Philippines is possible (mostly through Medicare Advantage plans) is prompting former Filipinos like Terry to reconsider the Philippines as a good place to get cheap but decent healthcare – yet the “best bang” for dollar earnings.*

Using a Health Savings Account to Pay for Alternative Medicine

Health Savings Accounts allow you to set up a tax-deductible account to pay for medical expenses that are not covered by your health insurance. These include expenses to cover your deductible, and other medical expenses like dental and eyeglasses. But many don’t realize that HSA funds can be used to pay for virtually any type of medical service, as long as it pertains to the treatment or prevention of a specific health condition.

Because money withdrawn from a health savings account to pay medical expenses is tax-free, anyone who has an HSA can funnel all alternative medical expenses through their HSA and get a tax write-off. This could include biofeedback, naturopathy, Ayurvedic medicine, aromatherapy, magnetic healing, reflexology, and the list goes on.

People who use complementary therapies are often very health conscious, and go to traditional physicians less often. So it does not make sense for them to be paying a high premium for a traditional health insurance plan with a co-pay, particularly when their medical treatments are not covered anyway. Instead, many are choosing a low cost high-deductible HSA plan.

Alternative Therapies Becoming Mainstream

Many hospitals are now offering complementary treatments. The website for the Memorial Sloan-Keating Cancer Center states that complementary therapies are used to “help alleviate stress, reduce pain and anxiety, manage symptoms, and promote a feeling of well-being.”

Some group health insurance plans are beginning to cover more complementary expenses, but there is still very little coverage for these expenses in individual or family plans. Those that cover chiropractic limit coverage to 12 – 20 visits per year, and a few will cover a limited amount of acupuncture. But very few if any cover hypnotherapy, Reiki, iridology, or faith healers.

Why Complementary Medicine

The conventional medicine practiced by most MDs is called allopathic medicine. The philosophy of this system is to treat disease and injury using counteractive methods. For instance, if you have a fever you may take aspirin to make it go down, if your cholesterol is elevated you may take a statin to reduce it, if you have heartburn you may take an antacid. The thinking is mostly focused on removing the symptoms of disease, and the primary treatment modalities are surgery and prescription drugs.

But there are other ways to look at things. Naturopathic medicine is based on the belief in the body’s own healing powers, which can be strengthened through the use of certain foods, vitamins, herbs, or other “natural” treatments. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) is based on ancient Chinese theories about the balance of yin and yang. Ayurvedic medicine is based on principles of movement, metabolism, and structure.

Part of the growing use of complementary therapies is a reaction to the costs, side effects, and philosophy of conventional allopathic medicine. Physicians get much of their continuing education from the pharmaceutical industry, and they work in an environment where the insurers and the patients are both looking for a quick fix. The result is that the average 60 year old is now taking 5 regular medications, yet there is little expectation that those drugs will ever cure the health problems for which they’re being used. Many consumers see this, and instead are using other methods to try to get to the root of their illness.

What is Considered an “HSA Qualified Expenses”

Qualified medical expenses have been partially defined in IRS Publication 502, and through various federal court rulings. There is no definitive list, but there are really very few restrictions as long as the procedure is for the treatment or prevention of a specific health condition. For instance, you could not use your HSA funds to pay for a relaxing massage for your own personal pleasure. But if your doctor recommends you get a massage for specific medical reasons, this is considered a qualified expense. Yoga would not normally be considered a qualified medical expense, but it would be if it was recommended as a physical therapy following some sort of accident.

Some may question why the government would give a tax deduction for someone to use some crazy energy vibration machine to cure their cancer. But this is as it should be. No one but you should be able to decide what type of treatment you will use for your own illnesses. By empowering individuals to manage their health as they see fit, Health Savings Accounts encourage personal responsibility and help loosen the monopoly on healthcare that conventional medicine has had for the past few decades.

Facts About Nail Fungus

Nail fungus is considered to be one of the most common conditions one can get. However, it is still relatively unheard of for many people. More surprisingly, it is this ignorance that can actually lead to the infection occurring in the first place. Here are some facts about nail fungus that may help you prevent from getting it.

One of the facts that many people do not realize is that nail fungus can actually be caused by both yeast and fungal based infections. Both of them are rather contagious and hygiene are not a guarante to prevent or cure it. Nail fungus treatments should be called upon to ensure that others won’t catch the same infection. Keeping the area clean may make you feel better but it can’t get rid of the fungus at all.

The fungus and yeast infection can be spread by walking barefoot in public areas such as swimming pools and changing rooms. Using nail fungus treatment is very important as soon as you notice any of the symptoms of this irritating infection.

Another facts about nail fungus infection is that it is more likely that a person will get it on their toenails than their fingernails. It is more common to have the fungus growing on the feet than it is on the hands due to the area being rather moist and damp. As a result, nail fungus treatments are needed to cure the infection.

A nail fungus takes some time to heal and all of the nail fungus treatments in the world will not remove the symptoms over night. Anti-fungal medications can be called upon to reduce the symptoms. Generally speaking, the infection will take some time to heal and during this time it is very important that you refrain from walking around in barefoot to ensure others won’t catch the same infection.

Nail fungus infection won’t heal automatically unless right treatments are taken. Oral medications are effective but can have harmful side effects including headaches, upset stomach, liver damage and rashes. Some natural essential oils can treat the condition, initially. Aside from curing finger nail fungus, these natural oils have other benefits in the overall health.

NaturesPharma remains unique in combining extensive in vitro and in vivo research on the curative effects of medicinal plants utilizing the corresponding successful clinical application of these extracts in a conventional medicinal fashion.

The use of medicinal plants is taking an increasingly greater role in the treatment of nail fungus as conventional medicine has few effective solutions. Powerless, and faced with treatment failures, some doctors are actively seeking alternative effective treatments to resolve this inadequacy. Created by competent scientists, our nail fungus treatment–AntiNail Fungus-Rx provides real opportunities to safely eliminate nail fungus with encouraging measurable results.

Very recent advances in the scientific understanding of the medicinal plant extracts in AntiNail Fungus-Rx suggest a much broader use of natural medicine to treat and cure nail fungus than science thought possible just ten years ago. As most standard treatments for fungal infections are not effective against fungus which has worked its way under the nails, the antifungal effects of this product are of increasing interest.

AntiNail Fungus-Rx is concentrated with a wide spectrum of powerful antifungal plant extracts exhibiting a curative effect against nail fungus, as demonstrated by a wealth of scientific and clinical studies. Results are guaranteed.

AntiNailFungus-Rx helps end nail fungus infections by directly attacking and destroying fungus population infecting nails and nail beds. Results achieved with these products are more than convincing especially in view of the poor efficacy and side effects of treatments using classic synthetic medications.

NaturesPharma nail fungus treatment can make your nails look their best.

You deserve to walk barefoot without worry. You deserve to no longer feel ashamed. You deserve to get your life back and now you can. NaturesPharma nail fungus treatment is a product that works time after time and results are guaranteed.

Care of Wild Baby Mice

If for some reason wild baby mice have been placed in your care, I have included a few tips on caring and feeding to help you give them a chance at life. Please be aware that even in the wild, mice have a 50% chance of surviving beyond 5 months of age, given a normal upbringing. The mice that do make it can live up to around 5 years if healthy. A pair will have a better chance of survival than a lone mouse.

As soon as you have your baby mice, it is important to keep them safe and warm. You can use a small pet carrier, large plastic tub or any other suitable box in which you can put them. Layer the bottom with a towel and place the mice on top. Then, use another soft material to lightly cover the mice like fleece. Place the box in a warm place, ensuring that it isn’t hot; otherwise the mice will become dehydrated. A heater on the lowest setting may be all that is needed. Test the towel the mice are laying on so that it feels cosy and warm to your hand.

If the baby mice are less than 14 days old they will need dropper fed with a milk substitute until they are weaned. They usually open their eyes when they are just about weaned and able to eat by themselves. You will need to feed them every 2 hours so be prepared to get up during the night. Set your alarm. When I was looking after wild mice, I was getting up every 2 hours to check them. I have since read that during the night mother mouse would be away looking for food and may only return to the nest once to feed her babies. Use common sense, if you can manage a few night feeds, all the best for the babies chance of survival, especially in the early days.

Kitten milk is available to buy at pet shops. I used raw coconut blended up and strained. It should be 1 cup coconut to about 2 and ½ cups water. You could also use soaked almonds to make an almond milk using the same ratios. Make sure the nuts are natural and plain. Once you’ve made up the milk, store in a sterilised glass jar and keep in the fridge until required. When you go to feed the mice, take a quarter a cup of the milk and warm it up by pouring it in a small jug and standing in hot water. Use a dropper or baby syringe (you can get these at the chemist) to feed 1 or 2 drops of the milk at a time into the baby mouse mouth. When the mice are really young, they might not open their mouth. Be careful not to get the milk up their noses, they will splutter/cough if you do. It can be dangerous for their health if you do. The way I fed the mice was to put a facecloth down on a table and to put one mouse at a time onto it. Then you can gently hold the baby’s head whilst you administer the milk with the dropper. You’ll get the hang of it with a bit of practise. The baby might not seem to be taking much milk, don’t worry. Very young babies may only need to get a drop or 2 on their mouth/tongues until they can take more. The main purpose here is to keep them hydrated with a little drop at a time every couple of hours.

Once the baby is fed, you need to stimulate a bowel movement. To do this, put some warm water in a small bowl and dip a cotton bud into it. Then, put the cotton bud between the baby’s back legs and gently turn the bud around. You should see a little brown staining, that is their poo. Dip the other end of the bud into the water and gently stroke the baby’s body, this emulates the mother licking them. After all that, tuck baby up in it’s soft bedding and place in a warm spot. This is the basic routine that needs to be repeated every couple of hours during the day and at least 2-3 times during the night, especially around 1am and 5am.

As you can see, it’s quite a commitment, looking after baby wild mice. But, there is also a great reward in the caring of them and the bonding you will feel as a carer.

When the babies start to open their eyes or at least take a peak, they may be taking a lot more milk and starting to walk around a little. This is when you need to be extra careful; one fall is enough to be fatal. You can make a little safe roaming area in the bottom part of a pet cage or shoebox/basin. Line it with newspaper and leaves to simulate a natural environment. The youngsters will enjoy stretching their legs and taking their first steps. This is important, as it will build up their muscles and strength.

Once the babies start to bite your fingers quite firmly when you feed them, they may be ready for a little solid food. They will also be starting to open their eyes (12-14 days old) Start very slowly with this. Try some baby fruit puree to start or natural rice pudding. The food should not be chilled. Let them lick it off your finger. Avoid putting the purees onto a dish for the mice to feed from, as they might get messy and end up with matted fur, which needs to be avoided. Some other foods to graduate to are porridge, banana, tomato, dried oat flakes, strawberry. Just go real easy with the food and keep it simple and easily digested to start with. Congratulations! You’ve actually made it to the weaning stage, which is quite something with wild baby mice.

Continue to provide a safe space for the mice to sleep and once weaned, they will be able to come out at night to feed. Give them a little dish near their bed so they can feed during the night. At least you can get some sleep now! Continue to offer the milk during the day and provide some water for them. Usually, wild mice will still have some mothers milk up to about 4 weeks of age.

Now you have to decide whether to keep them or release into the wild. I don’t know how many mice have been successfully hand-reared and released into the wild. I would think it unlikely that they can survive. However, you’ve done your bit and if they seem strong and healthy and quite active, it might be possible to release them. Or, you can keep them as pets.

Finally, if you did your best and the mice died, don’t feel bad. Survival chances in the best of conditions i.e. with their natural mother are still low. Just enjoy the experience you’ve had with them and the opportunity to get a glimpse into their little lives. They are little bundles of love and it is wonderful to have at least given them some love when otherwise they might have perished.

Through the Wound the Healing Begins

Most will acknowledge having acquired a few ‘chinks in their armor’ as they journeyed through life; we polish them and call them experience and move on. It is the deep emotional wounds that cause us to run and hide and shudder at the pain, imagining it will never be better than this day. Wounds are cuts too deep to heal by themselves, manifesting in a multitude of ways. For many they begin at birth when there was no welcome, in childhood from parental or sibling abuse or by other children, in relationships when we simply trusted because we were deceived or even from innocent encounters where the road turned in unimaginable ways. These are emotional wounds, unseen, yet by far the most painful and difficult to heal. How do we crawl out from the darkness where we have been hiding?

Acknowledge the wound and the pain it is causing. Many times the wound is so deep, the pain so unbearable we run to find a friend we all know called denial. There now, that doesn’t hurt nearly so bad, does it… these are the words of denial. It causes us to run to find a replacement for a love that has left, a parent that was incapable of caring or good parenting or friends that are so enmeshed in addictions that they may not notice our wounds. This is the path that detours into darkness, the one we take when we can’t bear to acknowledge how bad it hurts. Emotional pain is not gaping and bleeding; when we fail to acknowledge it compassion or empathy from those who do care may have been a healing balm but is absent because we were afraid to admit it.

Find someone you trust and talk about it. Emotional wounds are traumatic; trauma must talk. It must talk to understand, to find a cause or acknowledge there was none, and to find the point of balance where we accept what has happened without attachment to the outcome. Here we can ‘let it be.’

Our first responder is our Creator, the Master healer. It is the best place to learn to trust again, the one where you will never feel alone or left behind again. Reach out to what is far more powerful than yourself or your pain, and then believe in the healing you will receive. You may find that your path has been redirected, that you are heading into uncharted territory where you never imagined you could go. Trust this; many times our deepest wounds can lead to our greatest joys if only we believe.

Emotional wounds force us to pause, allowing us to redefine who we want to become and where we want to go in our life journey. The measure of pain can be equaled by the amount of joy and goodness that awaits us as we complete the healing process, allowing us to walk confidently back into life.

What are the Best Sprained Ankle Exercises?

Most people think that rest and ice is the best way to heal a sprained ankle. Well, they could not be more wrong. Sure, go on and ice your ankle for the 1st day or 2, but then do not waste your time. And rest is only rewarding after you have done your exercises. Why? Well, that is the cause of this article…
All this is designed by the body to provide assistance in guarding the injured ankle from any further damage. Naturally, if this was 2000 years back and you were going to stroll on it anyhow, that was worth something, because you might keep doing something that would worsen it.
but , today we don’t need to survive by walking and we generally know that we should take it nice and easy for a while. And fortunately , we can! You can lay in bed all day and just veg out. And most folks do, just laying there waiting for the swelling to go down so they can walk again. Welll, that’s the best way to make sure your sprained ankle takes months to cure. Believe it or not, your body craves for the ankle to be worked, but in an exceedingly controlled and safe way. To paraphrase, doing some sprained ankle exercises will seriously improve the healing process and make it much faster too!

That could be a good one to get you started. I canhonestly tell you that the best program i have seen for healing a sprained ankle with the top exercises anywhere is known as H.E.M. This is not an advert for it, I ha|ve used it myself and discovered that the exercises in that book are extraordinary at healing an ankle quickly and safely.
H.E.M. Actually shows you what to do in a particular order to get the swelling and bruising down as well as the best exercises i have seen for healing your ankle. It is the only home rehab book i have ever found for the ankles that essentially works as it asserts it does. I had a grade 2 sprain ( pretty bad ) and was taking a walk again in 5 days. Anyway, they have a great guarantee so if you’ve got any issues, they’ll refund your money. I have told plenty of buddies who play basketball about it and they ahave all thanked me copiously for it.

So, I recommend checking it out : H.E.M. – rehabilitation System for a sprained Ankle They have the best sprained ankle exercises you’ll find anywhere…

Leadership Qualities of Mother Teresa

If not for her leadership qualities the Albania born Mother Teresa would not have risen to great heights to win the hearts of the millions of people worldwide. She served the poor, orphaned and dying people for more than forty-five years and never ever was tired of her service. When the people affected with leprosy were considered as untouchables, she extended her service to them and cared for them by starting many homes.

When she started her missionary work she had only three saris and a five rupee note in her hand. She proved to the world that one can achieve anything in this world even without money. When she saw orphan children dying out of hunger she went to a bakery man and begged him to give some bread. The enraged man spit on her hand. But Mother Teresa told him softly that she would keep the spit for herself and begged him to give something to eat for the poor and orphaned children holding out her other hand. The man realized her gentle character and later donated her with bread whenever she needed. This incident shows her magnanimity, one of the wonderful leadership qualities in her.

She was so simple and humble that she never cared for her own comforts. The sari she wore costs only one Us dollar. The white sari with blue border has become a symbol of peace and solace to the poor and destitute. She knew very well that if she should heal other people she must suffer herself and this was what she stated to Princess Diana once when she met her. She took initiatives during a famine in Ethiopia, spread the message to the then Us President Ronald Reagan and he sent his help to the place with food and medicine.

Mother Teresa was very humble and never cared about her own image, a rare quality that could hardly be seen in any leader around the world. Whenever she happened to travel in flights, she used to collect the leftover food from all the travelers on the plane and distributed the collected food to the hungry and needy people. Though she had no money many times, she never hesitated to beg to help people.

She was extremely courageous in helping people suffering from leprosy. She never was tired in helping the refugees, blind, homeless, flood and famine victims and lepers. The poor and forlorn people were brought to the homes and they were given medical attention. They were given an opportunity to die with dignity and during their last moments, the Muslims were read the verses from Quran, the Hindus received holy water from the Ganges and the Christians received the last Rites. Though she was a Christian, this is just enough to portray the best leadership quality of generosity in her.

After her death on 5th September 1997 she has been memorialized through museums, educational institutions, films on her life, Mother Teresa photos and Mother Teresa videos. Though this world lost a great leader, she left thousands of followers to spread her message and take up her service.

Complementary and Alternative Medicine

Diabetics should look after their feet ( Alternative Medicine )
It is confirmed that the health of diabetic patient’s feet is very important and any injury or bruise, the size of a spot may cause problems right down to the bone and cause gangrene, so diabetics should take care of their feet from shoes to socks and nails to heels. Experts stated at a press conference that for diabetics the most vulnerable organ is their feet. The feet are the organs which are most exposed so when the flow of blood slows at the feet they start to lose sensitivity. An expert claims that even a little bruise might leave the feet more vulnerable to future injuries so diabetics should protect their feet:
“Your feet should be washed every night with warm water, be dried thoroughly and moisturised. After sports and walking, the underside of the feet should be checked with a mirror to ensure there are no bruises. Socks musn’t be too big or too small, musn’t be scrunched up or torn. Shoes should be made from soft leather, with smooth inside and not pointed or tapered at the front. Toe nails should be cut short. Nails should be cut straight across, not rounded.” ( Alternative Medicine )
Experts warn that if diabetic people don’t take these warnings seriously and don’t follow these guidelines they may lose their feet or legs, “treatment is too difficult and lengthy. If injuries don’t heal properly, even a little bruise the size of a spot can reach the bone and become gangrene and can cause loss of toes or whole feet.”
Alternative Medicine

Tattoo Salabrasion – Not For the Faint of Heart

Tattoos have been a part of human culture for more than 4000 years. At the same time, the dilemma of removing them has existed just as long. A technique known as salabrasion is the oldest and crudest form of removing tattoos, and although there are more technologically advanced methods such as laser removal, this method is still used today. But does it work and how effective is it? Let’s take a look.

What Is It?

First used by a Greek physician named Aetius around 543 A.D, this is a cosmetic surgery procedure that is quite similar to dermabrasion. The process uses simple ingredients such as tap water, plain table salt and an abrasive device such as a wooden block wrapped in gauze. Definitely not for the faint of heart, it involves pain and destruction of the superficial dermis.

The Steps

The tattooed area is first shaved if there is any hair present and numbed with an anaesthetic spray. Then a mixture of salt and water is applied to the area and the abrasive gauze is used to vigorously rub the region past the point of bleeding. Following this, an antibiotic ointment and a sterile gauze dressing is applied and left in place for three days. After this time, the dressing is removed, and the skin, which will be raw, is covered in salt again for several hours. Another treatment with antibiotic ointment follows and the abraded area is redressed and left to heal for another three days. The gauze is then removed and at the point, the skin may appear leathery and have a rough texture. This scab will begin to separate from healthy skin beneath within one to five days, pulling ink pigment away with it. As the skin heals, new skin will begin to grow in it’s place.

A Word Of Caution

While salabrasion can be done at home, it is definitely not recommended and should always be preformed by a qualified specialist with sterile equipment to avoid infection. Even then, the procedure still carries risks. Scarring is at the top of the list. It is highly plausible that an unwanted tattoo will be replaced with an unsightly scar. Furthermore, healing takes several days, but can turn into weeks if not done properly. It should be noted that if remnants of the ink still remain, additional treatments will be required to remove any remaining pigment, which is almost always the case.

Salabrasion may be an effective form of tattoo removal, but think about the incredibly ugly scar that can take it’s place. If that is the case, then it may be wise to look into other methods or just leave it alone.

When Dry Penis Skin May Be a Sign of Penile Cancer

When skin is healthy, nourished and protected from the sun, it’s soft and slightly moist. This is skin anyone would want to touch, and it’s relatively easy for a man to create smooth, touchable penis skin by carrying out a reasonable penis care routine. However, there are times when this vital tissue becomes crusted and dry, and it might even be a little painful. While these problems could be attributed to injuries or allergies, they could also be caused by penile cancers, and as a result, men should consider calling their doctors when they develop dry, itchy penis skin concerns.

Cancerous Changes

Penile tissue can be subject to a variety of different cancerous changes, including tumors that impact only the top layer of skin, tumors that attack the sweat glands of the skin and tumors that invade deeper tissues. Some of these penile cancers start small and grow slowly. Others are slightly more aggressive, and they seem to grow a bit larger each day. Some cause pain and itching, while others do not.

Men who choose to research these issues online may feel their hearts racing with each click of the mouse, and they may become convinced that their issues are certainly incurable or disfiguring. It’s important to remember that only a doctor, not an online pundit, can make a proper diagnosis. Thankfully, that test isn’t usually considered painful.

In a penile exam for cancer, doctors look over the area and ask the man questions about the lesion. They may want to know when the man noticed the spot, for example, or they may wonder if the issue has gotten better or worse with time. Doctors may also want to know if a man has tried home remedies for relief, and if so, how well those interventions worked. If the doctor believes that cancer might be at play, a tiny snip of tissue from the penis can confirm the diagnosis; doctors use anesthetic to numb the area before the sample is removed.

Prevention is Key

Reading the word “snip” in close proximity to the word “penis” can fill some men with such anxiety that they’ll do anything to prevent cancer from striking their cells. There are a variety of steps men can take to protect their delicate equipment, and often, these steps are relatively easy to implement. For example, men can:

  1. Use condoms during sex, to reduce the risk of the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is often associated with penile cancer
  2. Stop smoking, to prevent cancerous changes from taking place in any of their cells
  3. Stick with the same partner, as having sex with multiple partners can increase the risk of developing HPV
  4. Perform penile checks frequently, as precancerous changes can sometimes be treated before they have the opportunity to blossom into cancer

The good news is that cancer of the penis is relatively rare, as the American Cancer Society suggests that the issue strikes just 1 man in 100,000. Even so, experts still urge men to take the issue seriously, preventing risk factors when they can and getting medical attention when problems arise.

Performing good penis hygiene may also be helpful, as men who stay clean have frequent opportunities to examine their skin and track any changes that might arise. Staying clean may also help to reduce inflammation levels, so changing skin won’t be hidden within swollen tissue. Adding in a penis health creme (most experts recommend Man1 Man Oil) may also be helpful, as these products can nourish and soften penile skin. While these products aren’t specifically designed to function as cancer-fighting tools, they may help to reduce the appearance of the itchy, dry penis skin that makes men think of cancer. In a way, this could be the biggest benefit of all.

Causes of Ulcers and Treatment of Ulcers

No single cause has been found for ulcers. However, it is now clear that an ulcer is the end result of an imbalance between digestive fluids in the stomach and duodenum. Ulcers can be caused by:

Infection with a type of bacteria called Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori).

Why do people get ulcers?

The most common cause is infection with Helicobacter pylori bacteria and this is responsible for up to 90 per cent of all cases of peptic ulceration.

What Causes Ulcers?

Use of painkillers called nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as aspirin, naproxen (Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn, and others), ibuprofen (Motrin, Advil, Midol, and others), and many others available by prescription. Even aspirin coated with a special substance can still cause ulcers.

Ulcers are sores on the lining of your digestive tract. Your digestive tract consists of the esophagus, stomach, duodenum (the first part of the intestines) and intestines. Most ulcers are located in the duodenum. These ulcers are called duodenal ulcers. Ulcers located in the stomach are called gastric ulcers. Ulcers in the esophagus are called esophageal ulcers.

Signs and symptoms of Ulcers

Stomach pain is the most common symptom of an ulcer. It usually feels like sharp aches between the breastbone and the belly button. This pain often comes a few hours after eating. It can also happen during the night or early in the morning, when the stomach is empty. Eating something or taking an antacid medication sometimes makes the pain go away for awhile.

Often be temporarily relieved by eating certain foods that buffer stomach acid or by taking an acid-reducing medication
Come and go for a few days or weeks

Treatment of Ulcers

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), with other government agencies, academic institutions, and industry, launches a national education campaign to inform health care providers and consumers about the link between H. pylori and ulcers. This campaign reinforces the news that ulcers are a curable infection, and the fact that health can be greatly improved and money saved by disseminating information about H. pylori. Medical researchers sequence the H. pylori genome. This discovery can help scientists better understand the bacterium and design more effective drugs to fight it.


H2-blockers reduce the amount of acid that the stomach makes. These medicines include cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), famotidine (Pepcid) and nizatidine (Axid). A single bedtime dose starts healing a duodenal ulcer in four weeks and a gastric ulcer in six to eight weeks.

Studies have shown that a protein in the stomach called histamine stimulates gastric acid secretion. Histamine antagonists (H2 blockers) are drugs designed to block the action of histamine on gastric cells, hence reducing acid output. Examples of H2 blockers are cimetidine (Tagamet), ranitidine (Zantac), nizatidine (Axid), and famotidine (Pepcid).

If the peptic ulcer is due to use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), they should be discontinued because they slow or prevent healing. NSAIDs are available both by prescription and over-the-counter. Nonprescription NSAIDs include aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin) and naproxen (Aleve). Doctors may recommend NSAIDs with a lower risk for causing ulcers, such as COX-2 inhibitors.