Another Type of Hepatitis: the Hepatitis C

This particular type of hepatitis is one of the most spread diseases in the world when hepatitis is concerned. Almost 200 million people all over the world suffer from hepatitis C. In countries that are not yet fully developed, hepatitis C can be spread during some medical procedures, through the contamination of the blood. However, most people develop hepatitis C because of drug use, intravenously. Another frightening thing about hepatitis C is that is the most common cause of the final stage in liver disease. This type of hepatitis is expected to affect many more people in the years to come, although there has been noticed a decrease in both mortality and developing of hepatitis C.

The most common way to get hepatitis C is through the exposure to contaminated blood or any blood products. In some countries, more than half of all hepatitis C cases come from the use of intravenous drugs. On the other hand, when cases of hepatitis C are talked about on a worldwide level, the primary cause of infection with hepatitis are medical procedures. Either is a blood transfusion with contaminated blood or a vaccine with contaminated needle, they all are causes of hepatitis C. Far more worse than this is that in some contries, the contamination with hepatitis C has been made through a national program which was actually trying to help people. There was a vaccination campain against schistomiasis, where the needels were reused, thus infecting many people with hepatitis C. A controversial case in either sex or prenatal transmission of hepatitis C are risk factors in the case of hepatitis. Studies have shown that the transmission of hepatitis C in these cases is not that big, but if hepatitis C is accompanied by another disease that is transmitted sexually, the risk of developing hepatitis is much greater.

Like all hepatitis cases, hepatitis C type has also an incubation period of about two months, after the person has been exposed to the hepatitis virus. Also, more than half of the hepatitis C infected persons will not develop any symptoms of hepatitis. However, if hepatitis symptoms do occur is some persons, they are very mild and non specific. Because of this, doctors can not diagnose hepatitis C in its acute state, and more than 90 percent of all hepatitis C acute patients will come to develop chronic infection.

For more resources about hepatitis c information please review or even

Overcoming Liver Disease

Copyright (c) 2008 Katie Kelley

The liver remains an extremely important part of the body and one of the largest organs in the body. It not only provides the body with food in the form of nutrients and vitamins, it breaks down and gets rid of toxins.

According to the American Liver Foundation (ALF), nearly 1 in every 10 Americans suffers from some form of liver disease. Thousands of Americans may be living with liver disease and be unaware of it, according to ALF. According to this organization, several types of liver conditions can be prevented if caught early. The founders of ALF also claim that through education, preventative screenings and vaccinations, thousands will be spared this potentially deadly disease.

What is Liver Disease?

The Mayo Clinic, which is a nationally recognized not-for-profit facility dedicated to diagnosing and treating complex illnesses, have found that several variations of liver disease affecting millions of Americans exist.

Of the various types of liver disease, the most common types of liver diseases are known as hepatitis, cirrhosis, alcohol-induced liver disease, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which “describes a range of conditions involving the liver that affects people who drink little or no alcohol,” as defined by the Mayo Clinic.
Hepatitis is the most common form of liver disease. It occurs when the liver is inflamed and is linked to the spread of various viruses, but can also be developed because of poisons entering the body, an autoimmunity or hereditary condition.

Cirrhosis of the liver, also known as chronic liver disease, is a very serious and deadly form of liver disease. When fibrous tissues in the liver replace dead liver cells (often having died because of alcohol, chemical or hepatitis exposure, cirrhosis of the liver may occur. Scarring of the liver, especially severe scarring, is often caused by cirrhosis of the liver.

Alcohol-induced liver disease is caused through excessive consumption of alcohol primarily from individuals with disorders known as alcohol dependence or alcohol abuse. According to researchers at ALF, alcohol abuse is a leading cause of morbidity and morality around the world. In the United States, nearly 10 percent of men and 3 percent of women suffer from problems related to alcohol consumption, including liver disease.

NAFLD is also known as “fatty liver” disease and it can be caused by several issues such as obesity, diabetes, elevated cholesterol and elevated triglyceride levels. NAFLD can often be difficult to diagnose in beginning stages, but can rapidly worsen. The Mayo Clinic reports that cases of NAFLD can and have progressed to stages of severe cirrhosis or liver cancer.

There are an array of signs that are common among nearly all types of liver disease, according to researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC) Medical Center. These symptoms include:

* depression

* jaundice or yellowing of the skin

* loss of appetite, nausea

* unusual weight loss or weight gain

* darkened urine

* vomiting

* diarrhea, light-colored stools

* abdominal pain in upper right part of stomach

* vague feelings of illness

* varicose veins

* hypoglycemia

* loss of sex drive

* fatigue

* low grade fever

* generalized itching

* muscle aches and pains

* susceptibility to bleeding

* enlarged and tender liver

* enlarged spleen

* edema or under-the-skin swelling

* aplastic anemia

* ascites (accumulation of fluid in the abdomen

* encephalopathy

* changes in mental state or level of consciousness

If an individual shows any of these signs or symptoms, it is necessary for them to seek medical assistance immediately.

Developing Liver Disease

There are several possible risk factors for developing liver disease, although it is difficult to determine some cases and many researchers believe it is unclear as to what the determines NAFLD. According to the UIC Medical Center, the following are several potential causes of liver disease:

* congenital birth defects or abnormalities at birth

* metabolic disorders or basic body processes with defects

* viral or bacterial infections

* nutritional deficiencies

* trauma or injury

* alcohol or poisoning by toxins can attribute to alcoholic-related
liver disease

Additionally, the U.S. Federal Drug Administration (FDA) warned of another potential risk for individuals developing liver disease. The FDA detailed a strong link of liver failure with the Ketek (telithromycin) antibiotic manufactured by Saofi Aventis. Ketek is used to treat bacterial infections of the lung such as:

* mild- to moderate-pneumonia

* acute worsening of chronic bronchitis

* acute bacterial sinusitis

The increased warnings were based on findings by the FDA’s reviews of the drug’s postmarketing adverse events reports. The reports found that:

* Within the review, there were 12 cases of acute liver failure among Ketek patients.

* Four of these 12 resulted in death while a fifth individuals required a liver transplant in order to survive.

* Additionally, 23 cases of acute liver disease also were reported.

* In some patients, liver disease began developing after only a few doses of Ketek.

The increased risk of liver disease as related to consumption of Ketek caused the FDA to increase the warning label on the prescription drug, although patients of Ketek should cease taking the medication if they feel the signs or symptoms of liver disease.

Liver Disease Treatments

Treating the various forms of liver disease will vary based on a specific type and case, however, the following are often administered during treatment, according to the UIC Medical Center.

* bed rest

* avoiding alcohol

* consuming a well-balanced diet that has been pre-approved for
liver disease

* avoiding dehydration by consuming plenty of fluids, especially water

* avoiding unnecessary medications

* taking an anti-nausea medication as well as other specifically prescribed medications depending on the type of liver condition

If individuals have an advanced case of liver disease it may be necessary to for that patient to undergo a surgical procedure or liver transplant. Unfortunately, there are treatments that exist in which a patient must have a pint of blood removed once or twice a week for the duration of several months.

Children who are affected by liver disease may even require a surgery known as the Kasai surgery in which a patient will have part of their bile ducts replaced by parts of the intestine.

Any form of liver disease will likely be a time-consuming life-altering condition and often will be very costly in receiving medical assistance. Discussing your case with a knowledgeable pharmaceutical lawyer can help determine if there is any potential for developing Ketek litigation.

Toddlers & Kidney Stone

There are several reasons that contribute in  pediatric stone disease, and the medical treatment is done under the endourologic management. Proper diet and medication can completely treat the pediatric stone patient

There are a lot of pediatric patients that have metabolic abnormalities as well. In the initial phases of the pediatric stone disease, it is very common to see 24-hour urine values for creatinine, sodium, calcium, oxalate, uric acid, and even citrate. The 24 hour urine collection lmits its accuracy in the pediatric population, which makes it very cumbersome. Because of the random urine spot sampling, ratios are used, i.e Urine calcium to urine creatinine ratios(Uca : Ucr). They are used with sensitivities  and specificities up to 90% and 84% respectively, and evaluates hypercalciuria, which is a known risk factor for urolithiasis.

It is usually advised to measure the intake of urinary supersaturation products, i.e. calcium oxalate, urate, as it helps in identifying the chances of stone formation risks in children. The initial treatment includes conservative management of pediatric nephrolithiasis, provided there is no infection, fever, nausea, anorexia etc. If any such symptoms is seen in the child, then immediate  endourologic  intervention is needed. When the stone diseases is being managed in the pediatric population, one should keep in mind that the stones with less than 3mm are more likely to spontaneously pass. However, the stones greater than or more than 4mm in the distal ureter require endourologic treatment for the same.

In order to facilitate distal stone passage, with the help of  medical expulsive therapy, use of antagonists, calcium channel blockers, and steroids  is usually proved to be very effective. Unfortunately, we have also seen a lack of published data capturing the pediatric population which state what method will be better, using these agents or pain medication.

The radiographic assessment of the child with calculus disease should be accurate, safe and economical at the same time. The main aim is to determine the location, size, density and urinary tract anatomy of the stone. The unenhanced helical Computed Tomography (CT) is the most accurate and efficient choice in initial imaging. When it comes to assessment of  urolithiasis, ultrasonography  is more limited as compared with CT, but it also has this distinct advantage of no associated ionizing radiation, which gives it an upper hand. Therefore ultrasonography should be considered as a screening tool in case of workup for non emergent abdominal or flank pain. Since the children are always at a risk of recurrence of urolithiasis, the radiation exposure should also be limited, particularly the gonadal exposure.

The evolution of new techniques and miniaturization of instruments have completely changed the management of pediatric stone disease. Despite the encouraging results, the concern still remains regarding the safety of endourologic treatment in kids, and how it might affect the growth of the kidney. Although shock wave lithotripsy is still considered first-line therapy for upper tract calculi less than 1.5 cm, evidence is  accumulating that ureteroscopy with laser lithotripsy and stone  basketing may be more efficacious in treating upper tract stone disease in children. Although percutaneous nephrolithotomy remains the most effective technique for large upper tract stone burdens, there are now reports of laparoscopic and robotic-assisted laparoscopic pyelolithotomy in major pediatric academic centers with extensive laparoscopic and robotic experience. More details at our website or call us @ 1800-102-6767



Do You Get Headaches After Cleaning?

I used to get a really bad headache every evening after dinner. I would just be settling down after tidying up and BAM! headache pain like someone was tightening a vice grip around my head.

For months I varied the foods we ate, yet nothing seemed to help. Almost every night I could count on getting that evening headache after eating. I couldn’t figure out why it didn’t happen after breakfast or lunch. What was so special about dinner? I was at my wit’s end.

So I decided to do something creative. One evening I asked my husband to do everything I normally did. From food prep, to cooking, serving and cleaning. I sat far away and watched the entire process. Voila! No headache! So, we got even more creative and I slowly introduced each task back one by one.

  • Food prep – no headache.
  • Cooking – no headache.
  • Serving – no headache.
  • Eating – no headache.
  • Cleaning up – HEADACHE!

Voila, I had found the reason for my headache. I always cleaned up the entire day’s dishes in the evening. That’s why I was only experiencing headaches right after dinner. Occasionally my husband would clean the dishes, but as I thought back, on those nights I wouldn’t get the headache.

I immediately removed all my cleaning products and replaced them with natural, organic cleaning products. I have not had a headache like that since.

Many of the standard household cleaners on market these days are full of toxic chemicals. The makers of these products claim that these chemicals are required to “get it really clean” and are in small enough amounts that they aren’t “toxic”. Imagine, if we added up all of the “small amounts of chemicals” in each of the cleaners we use each day. What is the total chemical load we’re subjected to each day? It has to be pretty high.

For example, Sodium Hydroxide is an ingredient in many cleaning and personal care products. Sodium Hydroxide can cause burns in tissue, chronic skin irritation, respiratory tract irritation, as well as liver & kidney damage. Sodium Hydroxide can be found in almost every standard household cleaner that you will find at your grocery store. It’s also found in some toothpastes, shaving creams and other skin care products. We’re putting that into our mouths?!

Many of us are trained by advertising to think that we need antibacterial lotions and soaps. Did you know that many of these cleaners contain Triclosan, a form of Dioxin. Triclosan has been linked with weakened immune systems, decreased fertility, hormone disruption and birth defects. Regular soap kills 99.4% of germs while antibacterial soap kills 99.6%. Is that 0.2% extra really worth it?

Dishwasher detergents contain a form of highly concentrated chlorine that is poisonous and can produce skin irritations or burns, cause eye injuries and damage to other mucous membranes. Guess what? Residue built up on dishes and can transfer onto your food. Yummm (not!). Buy phosphate and chlorine free detergents instead.

Bathroom cleaners are highly toxic particularly since they are used in small confined spaces spaces. Many of these cleaners contain hydrochloric acid which is corrosive to skin and eyes, and damages kidneys and liver. Also some contain hypochlorite bleach which is corrosive to eyes, skin and respiratory tract, and known to cause vomiting and pulmonary edema if inhaled. These cleaners also contain benzene, methanol, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene which are all known carcinogens that damage the nervous system and cause birth defects. Did you know that pure vinegar and borax are just as effective cleaners?

I had heard people talk about “going green” for years, but it wasn’t until I realized that these chemical-laden household cleaning products where damaging my body that I chose to change. This personal scare made me wonder what subtle damage these chemicals were also doing — damage that I wouldn’t see for years to come, and then only in the form of cancer or another debilitating disease.

My house is now totally “green” when it comes to natural and organic cleaning products. I find that my health and well-being are worth it.

What to do if Acid Reflux Strikes in the Middle of the Night

First of all, you’ll need to identify for sure if it’s acid reflux. Here’s how you tell. If you’re laying there and you feel a burning in your throat, or if your stomach is upset, or you keep tasting the dinner you had earlier, there’s a good chance you’re suffering from acid reflux.

If it’s a severe case, you may actually find yourself awoken from a deep sleep by choking or otherwise not being able to breathe. This can be accompanied by anxiety or even asthma. Other acid reflux sufferers have encountered this problem. If it happens, knowing that it may be acid reflux gives you a chance to quickly do something about it.

First of all, try to isolate what foods are causing your acid reflux. You may need to keep a journal, and each time you either can’t sleep or you can’t breathe, make a note of what you ate in the past 24 hours. Look for any corresponding patterns and then minimize or eliminate that type of food you had.

Second, don’t lie flat. It’s usually more comfortable to lay back in bed, but you’ll have gravity working against you, as that acid in your stomach will work it’s way back up the esophagus. Be sure to keep yourself upright and the acid in your stomach is more likely to stay down.

You can do this in bed by raising the head of your bed about 4 to 6 inches. The best way is to put blocks under the legs of your bed (make sure to keep it stable) or put a wedge under the mattress at the head of the bed. Placing your head on extra pillows may not work, as they often have a way of slipping out. Keeping the head of your bed is a good way to minimize the acid reflux from returning.

Third, be sure to stay hydrated. The body is mostly water, so make sure to get at least 8 glasses of water a day as it helps bodily functions.

Fourth, minimize any stress in your life. Oftentimes, if we stress over something, it comes back to haunt us in the middle of the night. Sleep is helpful because this is the time where our mind can ponder on things, or our mind can run stressful scenarios over and over. It’s easy to say, “just get rid of stress” but it may not be easy to do. Try things like listening to calm music, going for a walk, work on a (new) hobby, meditating, or just being alone for a while. By minimizing stress, you’ll be minimizing the conditions that allow acid reflux to thrive.

Keep in mind that if you get woken up in the middle of the night from acid reflux, doing these things may offer the relief you’re looking for. Just like it did for me.

This is not intended to replace medical advice. If you suffer from a medical problem, it is best to see your doctor and together explore the options available to you.

Copyright (c) 2006.

Southern Californian Food Poisoning Cases Need A Lawyers Help

In fact, many of these cases of food poisoning occur in San Diego and Los Angeles every year. Because of these potentially dangerous outbreaks and individual cases of food poisoning, many people in California are contacting injury attorneys to help them receive compensation for the illness. Compensation is a necessity in these types of cases because virtually any reason to visit the hospital is expensive, even if it’s a seemingly mild case of food poisoning.

Food poisoning can be contracted in a number of places, but one of the most common could probably be attributed to restaurants. With so many dishes being created at once and so many different people coming in and out of the kitchen, it isn’t difficult to recognize that restaurants are potentially not as clean or sanitary as they could be. This is the main reason why so many contract food poisoning from these places of business each and every year, especially food injuries in Los Angeles and San Diego. Although the food poisoning that many receive from restaurants is mild, the cases, once again, can become very severe. Inadequately prepared meats, such as chicken, pork, and turkey, are often a cause of severe food poisoning and can leave a person bedridden in the hospital for days and even weeks. If you’ve been hospitalized because of a severe case of food poisoning, an injury attorney is the person you should speak to before anyone else. He or she may be able to help you determine exactly where you contracted your food poisoning from so that you can receive compensation for the potentially deadly illness.

Fast food establishments are another common breeding ground for cases of severe food poisoning. This is because fast food is almost always prepared well before an individual actually comes in to order it. This means that the food is typically sitting out of the fridge at room temperature, which virtually all biologists agree is the perfect temperature in which bacteria will reproduce the most quickly. While the convenience of fast food is a joy for many, the side effects of eating pre-prepared food can be incredibly painful and harmful to one’s body.

In addition to fast food establishments and restaurants, canned foods that are inadequately processed can also cause food poisoning and its debilitating side effects. Regardless of where you contracted your severe strain of food poisoning, you should consult an injury lawyer to determine what type of compensation you will need for your medical bills. If you are forced to stay in the hospital with a case of severe food poisoning after an ill-fated dinner at a restaurant, that restaurant should be held accountable for the medical bills you incurred from visiting their establishment.

What is an Esophageal Ulcer?

A hole in the lining of the esophagus corroded by the acidic digestive juices secreted by the stomach cells. Ulcer formation is related to H. pyloridus bacteria in the stomach, anti-inflammatory medications, and smoking cigarettes. Ulcer pain may not correlate with the presence or severity of ulceration. Diagnosis is made with barium x-ray or endoscopy. Complications of ulcers include bleeding and perforation. Treatment involves antibiotics to eradicate H. pyloridus, eliminating risk factors, and preventing complications.

An esophageal ulcer is a hole in the lining of the esophagus corroded by the acidic digestive juices secreted by the stomach cells. An esophageal ulcer is usually located in the lower section of your esophagus. It is often associated with chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD). Not long ago, the common belief was that peptic ulcers were a result of lifestyle. Doctors now know that a bacterial infection or some medications — not stress or diet — cause most ulcers of the stomach and upper part of the small intestine (duodenum).

Esophageal Ulcers are defined as open sores or lesions in the lining of the esophagus (the tube that carries food from your throat to your stomach). These ulcers usually cause pain that is felt behind or just below your breastbone, similar to the area where you would feel heartburn symptoms. Healing is slow and these ulcers can recur quite often. Chronic and severe recurrences can result in a narrowing of your esophagus after healing.

Some of the symptoms of Esophageal Ulcers include heartburn, inflammation of the esophagus. A slight bleeding may occur, vomiting blood that is bright red in color or coffee ground black and dark, tarry stools. This type of stool condition is called melena. Should your esophageal bleeding be rapid then the blood discharge in the stools will be a bright red color.

Esophageal ulcers can appear as a consequence of gastro-esophageal reflux, mainly in association with hiatal hernias. Although not frequent, the appearance of these ulcers identifies those with severe gastro-esophageal reflux. The presence of hiatal hernia in the case described here was, apparently, a confusing factor in the establishment of a definitive diagnosis. Due to the hernia, the presence of the esophageal ulcer was attributed to gastro-esophageal reflux disease and not to the use of alendronate.

Other symptoms of Esophageal Ulcers can include nausea, abdominal indigestion and abdominal cramping. This abdominal pain can awaken you at night, it can be relieved by antacids or milk, you may feel the pains of the Esophageal Ulcers about 2 to3 hours after eating and sometimes these pains can become worse if you do not eat any food.

Esophageal ulceration induced HIF-1? protein expression and VEGF gene activation reflected by increased VEGF mRNA (240%) and VEGF protein (310%) levels. HIF-1? protein was expressed in microvessels bordering necrosis where it co-localized with VEGF. Injection of cDNA encoding VEGF165 significantly enhanced angiogenesis and accelerated esophageal ulcer healing. These results: 1) suggest that HIF-1? may mediate esophageal ulceration-triggered VEGF gene activation, 2) indicate an essential role of VEGF and angiogenesis in esophageal ulcer healing, and 3) demonstrate the feasibility of gene therapy for the treatment of esophageal ulcers.

Late complications of the esophagus treated with radiation therapy, especially with intraluminal brachytherapy. We encountered a patient with esophageal cancer treated with external radiation therapy and intraluminal brachytherapy, who developed radiation ulcer and who had severe dysphagia soon after endoscopic biopsy of the ulcer edge. A 55-year-old man was diagnosed as esophageal cancer without symptoms.

Wanting Beauty for Ashes, I Waited on God to Set the Stage for My Prince

I wanted beauty for ashes (see Isaiah 61:1-3), but I hate waiting. Our instant, high-speed, overnight-results culture has certainly played a role in this. We get impatient waiting one minute for the microwave! But I have had some extra-long waits in my life that could have sent me crashing into despair were it not for God’s love.

Beauty for Ashes: Longing for Transformation

As a child, I was actually more patient than I am now. I never felt beautiful, but I suppose I clung to The Ugly Duckling story. I wore glasses, was a bit pudgy and had bad hair. I even thought my lips were too big. I would look in the mirror and practice holding them in. It was difficult to do that and hold in my stomach simultaneously. When I started wearing makeup, I would cover my lips with foundation and draw them smaller with lipstick. I was just waiting for the morning I’d wake up a swan.

The Art of God’s Love

By the time I was a teen, I had become a Christian. At a Vacation Bible School session when I was a kid, there was a storytelling artist drawing a huge picture with big pastel sticks. It was a beautiful scene, but suddenly he drew a big, ugly, black squiggle in the middle of it, seemingly ruining the picture.

This was where he explained how sin ruined paradise, and ruins our lives. But then, using beautiful colors, he added more, transforming the black squiggle into a gorgeous tree that was the highlight of the whole picture. He told us how God not only forgives our sin through the death and resurrection of His Son Jesus Christ, but also redeems it, causing new growth that makes our lives even more beautiful. I understood and believed the gospel (the REAL beauty for ashes story!) at that time, but it would be awhile before I realized all that God gave me when I believed.

Musical Theatre Dreams

While I waited to become beautiful, I went to work on my personality by pursuing my love of musical theatre. Only princesses can afford to be shy, so I studied music, drama and dance in high school and college. It was certainly more rewarding than waiting around to be asked out on a date. After my mom died when I was 19, I drifted away from church. The theatrical scene seemed to fill the void.

I began landing some leading roles in community and semi-professional theatre companies, and the applause from audiences was like a drug to my affection-starved heart. Unfortunately, this also led me to hanging out with drinkers and partiers. Without being in fellowship with other believers, I was too weak to be an influence on my theatrical/party friends, and they ended up influencing me for a time. I even began hatching a plan to move to New York for a stab at Broadway. I worked clerical jobs to save up money.

Lonely and Frustrated

By the time I hit my 20’s, I had slimmed down, gotten contact lenses and was having an occasional good-hair day. But apparently, I was still far from stunning. My dating life was nearly non-existent. Even though the biological clock was not an issue yet, it was quite frustrating. Most of my dates were through personal ads, or because some guy was impressed with my karaoke performance at a yuppie bar.

When I did go on a date, usually there was not a second one. The few times I had a boyfriend, it always either ended or turned platonic within about three weeks. Starved for affection, I would behave too eagerly and scare the guy off. I never came anywhere NEAR getting married. As I approached 30, this began to concern me more. Rejection after rejection eroded my self-esteem to near-zip. I was waiting to be loved. And waiting. And waiting…

Prince Charming and the Biological Clock

My desire to marry grew strong as I approached 40. The biological clock was ticking me off! I bounced back and forth between two extremes. Either I tried too hard to manufacture relationships, or I sat back and waited for God to drop Prince Charming on my doorstep. I was pretty frustrated with God for making me wait so long.

The emotions came to a head one day on a solo bicycle ride when I got a flat tire. I was about two miles from home and the only way to get back was to carry my bicycle and walk. A passing cyclist offered to let me use his cell phone. I thought, it’s not like I have a boyfriend or husband I can call, so I declined. It was getting darker, and the mosquitoes were descending like vultures. I was sure the muggers would soon be coming out, so I thanked the man and continued carrying my bike.

Passers-by just looked at me like I had something growing out of my forehead. Probably a mosquito bite! I plodded onward, praying for protection, strength and enough daylight. By the time it was completely dark, I was back in my neighborhood. I was thankful to be safe, but as my exhaustion started to hit me, I complained to God, crying about my lack of a spouse.

I trudged along with my bike bouncing against my hip and tears streaming down my face. I told Him if I were only married or even dating, there would have been someone to help me. At least I would have had someone to call. I was tired of being strong alone and always having to do everything on my own. I pleaded my own agenda: Why did I have to wait so long? I arrived home exhausted and upset, having forgotten already how God had been with me and answered my prayer on the bike trail.

Here’s the kicker. ALL those things I was waiting for, I already had! From the very moment I had believed that God sent His only Son, Jesus Christ, to earth as a human who died for my sins and was resurrected, I had eternal life. I also had a relationship with God, but God was waiting for ME to come closer.

God’s Beauty for My Ashes

God gave me beauty for ashes in the best way – by working it out from the inside. God gave me flawless love. On that bike ride, God had been my protector, my strength and even my healer (the mosquito bite went away!). He was also my provider, having already given me a house, a garden full of flowers, roommates, finances — all things I’d once expected to gain only upon marrying.

As I made little steps of obedience, God worked massive changes in my life. God restrained me from moving to New York, which soon led me to a job in a large church music ministry. That ended up growing and refining my skills and training (both clerical and creative/artistic) in ways I could never have imagined. All of that prepared me for what I’m doing now in my work with two online ministries: Kids Talk About God and Faith Profiles, which were founded by my husband.

Yes, “husband.” I can use the h-word now. I did finally get married – at age 42! He is a wonderful Christian who genuinely thinks I’m beautiful – because he sees me through God’s eyes. God’s love is the best and He certainly knows what’s best for me. So now I can say that I’m SO glad God made me wait!

Do you feel stuck? Is there something you’re waiting for, but it never seems to happen? Talk to God about it. Ask him to either reveal a plan of action to you, or give you a deep peace over where you are now. Then, stay tuned in to God by reading the Bible (his love letter to us!), praying and spending time with mature Christians. God wants a relationship with you, and it’s the most important one anybody will ever have. He sent his son, Jesus Christ, to make the way for this to happen. He did this because he absolutely loves you!

Hypoglycaemic Low Blood Sugar Alarm – What It Is And How It Works

The Hypoglycaemic Alarm is an alarm worn on the wrist or ankle during sleep that detects the symptoms of Hypoglycaemia in diabetics. The alarm has two sensors which when in contact with the skin can detect perspiration and body temperature (cold sweats). It is these cold sweats that are a common symptom of low blood sugar.

If a cold sweat is detected, a built in vibrator operates along with a tone beeper alarm. The persistent vibration from the alarm is sufficient to disturb most users from sleep enabling a blood test and remedial action to be taken.

The Hypoglycaemia Low Blood Sugar Alarm is for use when sleeping, it is not designed or intended to be used as a daytime alarm. When used in accordance with the instruction guide, the Low Blood Sugar Alarm can detect early symptoms of hypoglycaemia and reduce the likelihood of more serious complications.

The monitor has a comfortable adjustable elastic strap that exerts sufficient pressure to hold the sensors firmly against the skin. The product case is manufactured from a durable ABS material that will provide years of service life. The only on-going costs to maintain the product is periodic replacement of the lithium 3V battery, probably twice a year.

Operation of the product is very strait forward and with confirmation beeps for button operation, is also usable by sight impaired people. By keeping a record of night time alarms, the data can be used to adjust insulin doses to prevent nocturnal hypo’s in sufferers of diabetes.

The Hypoglycaemia Low Blood Sugar Alarm for diabetics is certified in accordance with the medical directive 93/42/EEC and is available from Health and for £79.95. VAT relief is available on this item.

Liquid Crystals

Whenever we study the properties of crystalline solids, we come to know that the pure solids melt sharply. The temperature remains constant at the melting point until all the solid melts.

In 1888, Frederick Reinitzer, an Austrian botanist discovered a universal property. He was studying an organic compound cholesteryl benzoate. This compound turns milky liquid at 145 degree Celsius and becomes a clear liquid at 179 degree Celsius. When the substance is cooled, the reverse process occurs. This turbid liquid phase was called liquid crystal.

Up til now, it has been reported that there are many crystalline solids which melt to a turbid liquid phase before finally melting to a clear liquid. These turbid liquid phases can flow as liquids. They have the properties like liquids as surface tension, viscosity, etc. But it is very interesting to know that the molecules of such turbid liquids posses some degree of order as well. It means that these turbid liquids resembles crystals in some properties and the most important properties are optical once. These turbid liquids are hence called liquid crystals. So, a liquid crystalline state exist between two temperatures that is the melting temperature and clearing temperature. A crystalline solid may be isotropic or anisotropic, but liquid crystals are always isotropic.

From 1888 to until about thirty years ago, they were largely are laboratory curiosity. But now they have found a large number of applications.

Those substances which make the them are often compose of long rod like molecules. In normal liquid phase these molecules are oriented in random directions. In liquid crystalline phase, they develop some ordering of molecules. Depending upon the nature of ordering, it can be divided into:

1. Nematic.

2. Smectic.

3. Cholesteric.

The properties of liquid crystals are intermediate between those of crystals and isotropic liquids. They have the fluidity of the liquids and the optical properties of the crystals.

Uses Of Liquid Crystals:

Due to the remarkable optical and electrical properties, they have many practical applications. Many organic compounds and biological tissues behave as fluid crystals. The unique properties of crystals have intrigued the scientists since their discovery, nearly hundred years ago.

Some of their important uses are as follows:

1. Diffraction Of Light:

Like solid crystals, they can diffract light. When one of the wavelength of white light is reflected, from a liquid crystal it appears colored. As the temperature, changes the distances between the layers of molecules of liquid crystals change. Therefore, the color of reflected light changes accordingly. Thus they can be used as temperature sensors.

2. Detection Of Potential Failure:

They are used to find the point of potential failure in electrical circuits. Room thermometers also contain them with the suitable temperature range. As the temperature changes, figures show up in different colors.

3. Medical Uses:

These substances are used to locate the veins, arteries, infections and tumors. The reason is that these parts of the body are warmer than the surroundings tissues. specialists can use the techniques of skin thermography to detect the blockages in veins and arteries. When a layer of liquid crystals is painted on the surface of breast, a tumor shows up as hot area which is colored blue. This technique has been successful in early diagnosis of breast cancer.

4. Electrical Devices:

They are used in early display of electrical devices such as digital watches, calculators and laptop computers. These devices operate due to the fact that temperature, pressure and electro-magnetic fields easily affect the weak bonds, which hold the molecules together in liquid crystals.

5. Chromatographic Separations:

In chromatographic separations, liquid crystals are used as solvents.

6. Oscillographic and T. V:

Oscillographic and T. V displays also used liquid crystal screen.

Remedies – Fastest Technique to Treat Belching

Belching is often caused by aerophagia, a medical term for swallowing air. Everyone carries a certain amount of air and other gases in the gastrointestinal tract all the time.

On average, this tends to be slightly less than 1 cupful. Yet the body is constantly acquiring air and other gases throughout the day, taking some in through the mouth and producing some on its own. In all, it works out to almost 10 cupfuls of gas in 24 hours, about 9 cupfuls more than we can carry. The body constantly seeks ways to vent this excess. One of those ways is belching.

Sometimes excessive belching is associated with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), and treatment of this condition may alleviate bothersome burping. Anti-gas medications, such as simethicone, are generally useless for excessive belching. Lifestyle modification such as avoidance of rapid eating, chewing gum, carbonated beverages and stopping smoking are often recommended but the response is variable. When simple reassurance and lifestyle modifications are not satisfactory, then psychological treatments such as relaxation therapy or behavioral therapy are currently the most useful approaches.

Belching, burping, gas or whatever you want to call it, they all have the same qualities, and that is to embarrass you when you’re out with your friends. However, this process is completely natural and it is your body’s way of releasing gasses that have accumulated within your digestive tract. In many cases a good belch will allow you to find relief from abdomen pain, which is caused by you swallowing air as you eat. However, there are times when burping is not appropriate and in rare cases individuals actually has Gastroesophageal diseases which causes involuntary burping. While belching is a natural human process, there are several home remedies for belching that will help silence the rumble.

Try after downing an entire bottle of pepto bismol through out the day with no luck. I had to go to work, so went online and found this home remedy. It worked within a half hour, and within just a few minutes I was belching a lot of gas which made me feels ten times better. The diarrhea and cramps stopped within 20-30 minutes. I still feel a bit queasy to my stomach.
Although hyper secretion of hydrochloric acid and reflux of gastric acid are the primary reasons for hyperacidity and heartburn respectively, following are some other causes of hyperacidity and heartburn. Not eating on time, eating fried and spicy food regularly, Stress, anxiety and Insomnia, Obesity, Pregnancy, Excessive smoking, Drinking excessive alcohol, Wearing tight clothes.

Reducing stress, following exercise tips from medical practitioners and inducing relaxation can help treat belching
Certain types of vegetables and fruits containing a particular type of starch are not well digested by the stomach but are effective tools to treat bacteria in the stomach such as: beans, lentils, cabbage, bananas, apricots, prunes, onions and sprouts. It is advisable to avoid such vegetables and fruits to prevent belching.

Eating foods or drinking beverarges which are irritating to the digestive tract such as alcohol, caffeine, greasy, spicy or refined foods, or vinegar.

Superdry Clothing – Sizes Explained

The problem is that Superdry sizes ‘appear to be different’ from other brands in the market (I’ve put that in inverted commas for a reason). That and the internet is plagued of misleading information on this topic. I’ve decided to sort this out once and for all. Or at least until Superdry change things up again. Superdry is actually very accurately sized. I know you weren’t expecting to hear that so I will explain why.

The Problem with Standards

There is an international standard for clothing sizes. The International Standards Organization, also known as ISO. They are the governing body for all sorts of standards, including a standard measure for the sizing of clothes. This should, in theory, give us a reference to be able to accurately choose clothes and convert between US, UK, European and other sizes. But it doesn’t. There are problems with the international standards.

Getting too deep into these standards is beyond the scope of this article so I’m going to cut to the chase. There problem comes in two parts; Using letter codes like Small, Medium, Large and Extra Large and clothing manufacturers taking liberties with the established standards. They aren’t obliged to conform to the standard so there isn’t likely to be any change in the future. When compared to other clothing brands, a good rule of thumb is that Superdry clothing is approximately one size smaller. They are sized to fit properly but as most other clothing manufacturers are getting more and more generous with their sizing, it’s better to go for one size bigger in Superdry clothes. For example, if you are usually a medium then you buy a large in Superdry.

Superdry Size Chart

Superdry clothing complies with the international standards; the problem is that other clothing companies don’t. Superdry also use letter codes, so there must be a look up table to convert a size from Small, to chest size or women’s dress size. If you’ve looked on their website you would have noticed that there isn’t such a helpful table anywhere to be found. I’ve developed a Superdry size chart.

Men’s Superdry Clothing Size Chart

Sizes are chest sizes, measured in inches.

Extra Small = 36″

Small = 38″

Medium = 40″

Large = 42″

Extra Large = 44″

Extra Extra Large = 46″

Men’s waist sizes are pretty straight forward. They are all in inches, the standard measure so you shouldn’t have any problems selecting your size.

Women’s Superdry Size Chart

The UK and US dress sizes are matched to the ISO standards and might not necessarily match up to the size you would normally buy in other clothing brands. It is intended that you go by the actual measurements (in inches).

Extra Small = UK Size 8/ US Size 4 = Bust 34″, Waist 25.5″, Hip 36.5″

Small = UK Size 10/ US Size 6 = Bust 34″, Waist 26.5″, Hip 37.5″

Medium = UK Size 12/ US Size 8 = Bust 35″, Waist 27.5″, Hip 38.5″

Large = UK Size 14/ US Size 10 = Bust 36″, Waist 28.5″, Hip 39.5″

Buying Superdry Clothing

Probably the best advice I can give you is try before you buy but what if you don’t have a store near you? Is this case you are left with the only option, to shop online where you can’t try the item on before you buy it. There are exceptions however. Some stores, like Nucleus, offer free return postage on internet orders so in effect you can try the stuff on and send it back if it doesn’t fit. It’s a slight hassle getting to the post office but at least it won’t cost you anything.

Mastic Gum Side Effects

Mastic gum is frequently used for treating gastrointestinal ulcers, poor circulation, candica and bacterial infections and breathing difficulties but there are some mastic gum side effects that you should consider. The gum is made from Pistacia lentiscus extract, and although thought of as a natural addition to herbal medicine, many affected persons do suffer some secondary effects.

What is necessary therefore is to weigh up the pros of the effect of the gum when related to the intensity of the illness against the seriousness of the mastic gum side effects in the individual. The most frequent side effect is that of diarrhea, but this can be accompanied with burping, cramping and in some cases somewhat serious stomach pain. When the pain is uncomfortable, you should stop the treatment with the gum and seek medical advice on possible alternatives or ways to manage the side effects.

The intensity of the loose stools or diarrhea should therefore be used into consideration before withdrawing use of the gum, and you may also like to consider a contra active solution to the gastro problems that you may suffer from. Diarrhea when it is not severe can be controlled, and it is only when combined with vomiting, fever or high ambient temperatures that the patient would then be put beneath unnecessary risk of dehydration.

youngsters are indeed at a higher risk of suffering from mastic gum side effects, and the administration of the gum to both young kids as well as the elderly should be carefully monitored as these groups are more susceptible to dehydration. When diarrhea is prolonged in the child or elderly individual, the use of the gum should be withdrawn. Diarrhea can be dangerous in these two groups as the particular person is more prone to dehydration as well as being less capable of suspecting the symptoms.

Studies do show however that the mastic gum side effects can be more pronounced when the individual first starts treatment, and over time, the person will be able to tolerate the gum with less problem. Instances of watery or loose stools usually come about when an increment in dosage has been prescribed by the medical professional. Any increase in the dosage of gum should therefore be monitored carefully and side effects noted back to your medical professional.

Precautionary actions that need to be explored when administering mastic gum for treatment of gastrointestinal ulcers, circulation problems and other medical conditions are an greater intake of fluids, most particularly water and also fruits. many fruits will help replenish electrolytes that are lost when loose stools are handed, and clear soups and water have an outstanding rehydrating effect.

Like with all drugs, mastic gum does carry a small risk of an sensitive response, the symptoms including shortness of breath, hives and an intensive itching of the skin and these need to be considered as well as the common mastic gum side effects. Use of the gum should be withdrawn right away if any of these symptoms occur, and it should also be noted that mastic gum is not recommended for pregnant woman or sufferers of high blood pressure.

Coronary Artery Anatomy as related to EKG Interpretation

Patients undergoing Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) are at an increased risk of coronary artery occlusion related to clot formation (thrombosis) or plaque rupture, especially in the acute period after procedure. It is imperative that individuals providing care for this patient population are knowledgeable in reading EKG’s and are able to correlate EKG changes with acute coronary artery occlusions and / or spasms.

When a patient presents with chest pain, pressure, tightness, shortness of breath or other related symptoms status post PTCA, a STAT EKG should be ordered. When caring for a patient post PTCA, is important to know which coronary artery was ballooned and/or stented and be able to identify the EKG leads which reflect those coronary arteries.

The best way to learn how the EKG reflects the coronary anatomy is to take a systematic approach.  Think about where the EKG leads are placed on the patient’s chest and visualize the heart within the chest.  This article assumes that the reader already knows how to read an EKG strip and understands what the P, Q, R, S and T represent on the EKG.

The limb leads are I, II and III. Lead I is between the right arm and left arm; Lead II is between the right arm and left leg; Lead III is between the left arm and left leg.

            The precordial leads are V1- V6. V1 is the fourth intercostal space to the right of the septum; V2 is the fourth intercostal space to the left of the sternum; V3 is directly between leads V2 and V4; V4 is the fifth intercostal space at midclavicular line; V5 is at the same level as V4 but at the left anterior axillary line; V6 is level with V5 but is at the midaxillary line.

The right coronary artery (RCA) provides oxygen supply to the inferior portion of the heart. Therefore, it is leads II, III, and aVf that reflect this artery.

            Next let’s look at the anterior and septal leads. These are V1 , V2, V3 and V4. These leads lay directly over the anterior and anterioseptal area of the heart.  The left anterior descending artery (LAD) lies down the front of the heart, providing the septal and anterior walls with oxygen. Leads V1 and V2 reflect the LAD and septum. The LAD and diagonal branches are reflected in the EKG leads V3 and V4.

            The lateral wall is exactly that. The part of the heart that faces the lateral part of the chest wall. This area is reflected in the leads V5 and V6, I and aVL. These leads reflect the circumflex artery.

            Myocardial ischemia and injury are reversible (2). This is due to an increase in demand, or a decrease in supply of oxygen (2).  An acute MI will have the following progression: Tall T waves in the first few minutes; ST elevation or T wave inversion in the first hour(s); possibly pathologic Q waves in the hours after onset; Q waves remain and ST and T waves return to normal in the days following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) (2).

            Acute myocardial infarction (AMI) must be 1 mm in the inferior leads and 2 mm in the anterior leads (2).  There MUST always be a presence of ST elevation in 2 or more contiguous leads (2).

By definition, a myocardial injury has ST segment elevation of at least one mm above the baseline (1). Other signs may be: straightening of the ST segment that slopes up to the peak of the T wave without any time spent at baseline; tall, peaked T waves; or symmetric T wave inversion (1).

            Myocardial ischemia has a classic pattern of T-wave inversion (1). The ST segment may be depressed 0.5 mm or more below baseline, or the ST segment may remain at baseline longer than 0.12 seconds, or from a sharp angle with the upright T wave (1). The EKG may also present tall, wide-based T waves and inverted U waves.

            A myocardial infarction (MI) may present with the development of Q waves on the EKG in the leads reflecting the affected coronary artery (1). Decreased R-wave amplitude, ST segment depression and T-wave inversion are also sometimes noted on the EKG (1).


1        Microsoft Power Point – The NEW 12-Lead ECG. Retrieved from on June 15, 2010.

2 Ambulance Technician Study : ECG Basics. Retrieved June 15, 2010.

Gain Weight Healthy – 5 Weight Gain Tips

I don’t mean that all thin people are not fit and strong. The exception from a rule applies here too. But most of us fall in “rules”. Gain weight and see people admiring your new found curves and glowing skin. Since the skin stretches with additional pounds it looks healthier and glows.

It is well known fact that being obese increases the risk of chronic diseases, being too skinny also can be a cause of heart failure and cancer. Elderly people being under weight can result them to be frail, and suffer from osteoporosis and prone to hip fractures. An underweight man can also increase chance of erectile dysfunction.

Putting on weight is not about stuffing yourself with junk food or anything which will harm your health than helping. Go through these tips to gain weight naturally and follow whatever is applicable to you.

Weight gain Tip 1: Make sure you are not losing weight!

Yes while you are doing all that you can to gain weight, it is more important to make sure that you are not losing those hard earned pounds without your knowledge. So get on that scale regularly and keep track that you are maintaining the current weight at least.

Don’t stuff yourself with too much of quantity in 3 meals a day to gain weight. Instead break it into 6 meals with regular intervals. Your goal should be to eat every 3 hrs and you are on right track to gain weight.

Weight gain Tip 2: Calories and calories

If you feel though you are eating enough still not gaining weight, then you have to check your definition of enough. Calculate your current calories intake and increase it by additional 300-500 calories per day and that should be your calories intake to increase your weight. With that you should be gaining 0.5 to 1 pound a week. If your weight gain is less than that, increase it by additional 300 calories per day and watch. Also it is very important to make sure you are not gaining too much too fast. Yup! Slow and study wins the race. So if you are gaining weight more than 1 pound per week, reduce your calories by 300 and get the right balance.

weight gain Tip 3: Weight training

OK now all that weight you are gaining will remain as fat which needs to be converted into muscle. So don’t start right away lifting heavy weights and pushing yourself to do ridiculous numbers of bench press, chin ups etc. Remember our mantra “slow and steady”. Start with running, stretching and light weight lifting and gradually increase on regular intervals.

When you are well into this step, your weight gain will be 1-2 pounds a week.

Weight gain Tip 4: Drink enough water

Yes I mean water not something you are expecting! One needs to drink half a gallon of water every day. If you can drink more than that still better. You don’t wish to be a victim of dehydration which may lead to many other health problems. And of course you want to increase your stamina and fitness right? Right, it is water therapy for you then.

Weight gain Tip 5: R and R

Rest and Relax, give your body a break to enjoy this new attention that you are paying. Get good sleep and relax with music or friends. Be in the company of people who encourage you and appreciate your efforts. This is most neglected yet important tip.

Avoid trans fat at all cost and say yes to good fats. Though you want to gain weight, definitely you don’t want to gain weight which is just fat. Avoid too much of cakes and chips. Fried items and no more visits to fast food joints. Cut down on your daily intake of coffee and tea, if possible switch to green tea with more antioxidant, milk with protein powder.

Gaining healthy weight is as easy or difficult as losing weight depending on the individual and body type. But the fact to remember is it is possible. Don’t obsess over doing things right and pushing yourself to limits to gain weight. It is your body and you should love and accept it first and convince yourself that you are going to gain weight to make yourself feel better than to impress others. The key is to be consistent and be patient.