Types of Stomach Problems

There are just too many types of stomach ailments to list. There are some, however, which occur more often than others. Here we discuss briefly some of the more common ailments.

Indigestion.

Simply put, indigestion is associated with a meal that is eaten too quickly of after an unusually spicy of fatty meal. Indigestion normally causes some pain in the center of the chest. This is usually accompanied by a slight bloated feeling, excessive wind and nausea. Occasionally, an indigestion sufferer will actually vomit. Very few people who have indigestion will be interested in food as the pain tends to be accompanied by a full feeling and a loss of appetite.

Indigestion can be caused by smoking and drinking too much alcohol. It is also known to be caused by too much tea or coffee. However, although these specific causes are significant, many individuals who suffer from indigestion do so directly as a result of stress.

Heartburn.

An acid mixture helps to digest food within the stomach and is kept away from the oesophagus by a sphincter. This allows food to travel down into the stomach but does not allow food and acid to travel back upwards into the gullet. If the sphincter, which usually divides the oesophagus from the stomach in this way, does not do its job properly, acid can sometimes splash upwards and irritate the oesophageal mucosa. The word "heartburn" is very descriptive, even when the sphincter is in good working condition, acid can irritate the oesophagus when you lie down or bend over. Naturally, individuals who have a weak sphincter, will find that they suffer far more when they are lying flat or bending over than they do when they are standing up straight. Despite the fact that heartburn can have a physical cause, many individuals who suffer from this symptoms also have it as a result of stress.

Gastritis.

Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach that can be caused by several factors, alcohol, by the consumption of a foodstuff to which you are allergic, by a virus infection or by any one of a number of other mechanism which are not yet properly understood. There are some specific changes in the stomach mucosa when gastritis is present, but in practice, it is virtually impossible to differentiate clinically between dyspepsia, gastritis and peptic ulcers without undergoing specific investigation such as a barium meal examination or an endoscopy.

Peptic and gastric ulcer.

A peptic ulcer is simply any ulcer in the upper part of the intestinal tract. Th word "peptic" is used as a synonym for digestion. A gastric ulcer, however, is one that is found in the stomach, while a duodenal ulcer is one that is found in the duodenum. Ulcer of all kinds result from an imbalanced between the power of the secretions produced by the stomach and the resistance of the lining of the part of the intestine concerned.

Duodenal ulcer.

The most important symptom of a duodenal ulcer is usually pain, and this is often the only symptom that occurs. The pain is usually localized in the epigastrium, and, unlike gastric ulcers, eating usually helps relieve the pain. People who have duodenal ulcer will often wake up at night and sneak downstairs to get a glass of milk and a biscuit to give them some comfort for the pain. The other characteristic factor of the pain that people get with duodenal ulceration is that it tends to disappear for weeks or even months at a time for no apparent reasons. However, just when you think your problems is over, it'll come right back.

Nausea.

This is by no means a symptom caused extensively by the consumption of food stuff which upset the system. Nausea and vomiting can also be as sign of stress and distress. Nausea and vomiting are usually symptoms of acute stress rather that chronic, long lasting anxiety.

Wind.

The normal gastrointestinal tract is said to contain between 100 and 200 milliliters of gas under normal circumstances. A normal individual will often produce one to two liters of gas per day. It is, therefore, quite obvious that there must be a tendency for wind to pass out of the gastrointestinal tract at one end or the other.

Wind is produced within the gastrointestinal tract as food is digested, and some foods are more likely than others to result in the production of large quantities of wind. Brussel sprouts, cabbage and beans are often recognized as offending vegetables as they are known to have a fairly bad reputation in this aspect. However, vegetables can not be solely blamed. Some of the wind that causes such embarrassing noises gets into the intestinal tract in the same way that food gets in, it is swallowed. People who chew gum, smoke cigarettes or eat too quickly will often swallow air.

Heart Diseases Part VII – Heart Diseases Affecting Heart Lining

As we mentioned in the previous articles, heart disease kills more than 2,000 Americans everyday. Approximately 60 million Americans have heart disease. There are many causes of heart disease. Anything that serves to damage the inner lining of blood vessels and impedes the transportation of oxygen and nutrition to the heart can be defined as a risk of heart disease. There are many types of heart diseases and we will discuss heart disease affecting heart lining in this article.

Heart disease resulting from inflammation of either the endocardium or pericardium is called heart disease affecting heart lining.

Endocardium is the inner layer of the heart. It consists of epithelial tissue and connective tissue. Pericardium is the fluid filled sac that surrounds the heart and the proximal ends of the aorta, vena vava and the pulmonary artery.

1. Endocarditis

Endocarditis, which is an inflammation of the endocardium is caused by bacteria entering the bloodstream and settling on the inside of the heart, usually on the heart valves that consists of epithelial tissue and connective tissue. It is the most common heart disease in people who have a damaged, diseased, or artificial heart valve. Symptoms of endocarditis include fever, chilling, fatigue, aching joint muscles, night sweats, shortness of breath, change in temperature and a persistent cough.

2. Pericardium

Pericarditis is the inflammation of the pericardium. It is caused by infection of the pericardium which is the thin, tough bag-like membrane surrounding the heart. The pericardium also prevents the heart from over expanding when blood volume increases. Symptoms of pericarditis include chest pain, mild fever, weakness, fatigue, coughing, hiccups, and muscle aches.

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Back Braces – Uses for Hyperextension Back Braces

There are a number of different types of back braces, because each type serves different purposes and limits the spine’s range of motion in different ways. One example of these devices is the hyperextension back brace, which is designed to prevent the patient from bending excessively. This type of support brace for the back is often used for the purpose of treating a frontal compression fracture, especially when they occur between the lumbar spine and the thoracic spine. Following a spinal fusion operation, this type of brace is also effective in promoting healing by limiting the available range of motion of the spine.

Hyperextension back braces are capable of offering a type of support allowing frontal pressure unloading of the vertebrae in the thoracic spine. This is achieved by restricting the amount of flexion or bending that the lumbar and thoracic spine can reasonably achieve. By limiting the amount of bending that the spine can achieve, additional support is provided which can benefit quicker healing. A typical hyperextension brace will have a rectangular metal frame in the front, which places pressure on the pubic bone and the sternum. This is the basic mechanism for the effectiveness of this type of back support.

The main focus of the hyperextension brace is to encourage extension of the spine. These back braces are designed to apply an opposing pressure to the tenth thoracic spinal vertebra, known as the T-10 level. This offers what is known as a three-point stabilization to the patient’s spine through three pads, a pad on the front abdomen, one on the chest and one on the rear, which is against the level where the fracture exists. This three-point stabilization aids in healing of the spine following an injury by preventing unnecessary spinal movement and promoting good strength and stability of the vertebrae.

Because back braces like this apply pressure in three different points, the spine is both stretched and extended. The brace applies its pressure to a sternal point, a pubis point and a rear lumbo-sacral point. The sternum is a flat and narrow bone that is located in the middle of the patient’s thorax, and the thorax exists between the lower diaphragm and the base of the neck. There are several different types of hyperextension braces that can prove useful for this purpose, including the Knight Taylor brace and the Jewett brace. The physician will help the patient determine which brace will be most effective for his or her needs.

Pulmonary Edema

What is this Condition?

In pulmonary edema, fluid builds up in the spaces outside the lung’s blood vessels (called extravascular spaces). In one form of this disorder, cardiogenic pulmonary edema, this accumulation is caused by rising pressure in the respiratory veins and tiny blood vessels called capillaries. A common complication of heart disorders, pulmonary edema can become a chronic condition, or it can develop quickly and rapidly become fatal.

What Causes it?

Pulmonary edema usually is caused by failure of the left ventricle, the heart’s main chamber, due to various types of heart disease. In these diseases, the damaged left ventricle requires increased filling pressures to pump enough blood to all the parts of the body. The increased pressures are transmitted to the heart’s other chambers and to veins and capillaries in the lungs. Eventually, fluid in the blood vessels enters the spaces between the tissues of the lungs. This makes it harder for the lungs to expand and impedes the exchange of air and gases between the lungs and blood moving through lung capillaries.

Besides heart disease, other conditions that can predispose a person to pulmonary edema include:

o excessive amounts of intravenous fluids

o certain kidney diseases, extensive burns, liver disease, and nutritional deficiencies

o impaired lymphatic drainage of the lungs, as occurs in Hodgkin’s disease

o impaired emptying of the heart’s left upper chamber, as occurs in narrowing of the heart’s mitral valve

o conditions that cause blockage of the respiratory veins.

What are its Symptoms?

Early symptoms of pulmonary edema reflect poor lung expansion and extravascular fluid buildup. They include:

o shortness of breath on exertion

o sudden attacks of respiratory distress after several hours of sleep

o difficulty breathing except when in an upright position

o coughing.

On examination, the doctor may discover a rapid pulse, rapid breathing, an abnormal breath sound called crackles, an enlarged neck vein, and abnormal heart sounds.

With severe pulmonary edema, early symptoms may worsen as air sacs in the lungs and small respiratory airways fill with fluid. Breathing becomes labored and rapid, and coughing produces frothy, bloody sputum. The pulse quickens and the heart rhythm may become disturbed. The skin is cold, clammy, sweaty, and bluish. As the heart pumps less and less blood, the blood pressure drops and the pulse becomes thready.

How is it Diagnosed?

The doctor makes a working diagnosis based on the persons symptoms and physical exam results and orders measurements of arterial blood gases, which usually show decreased oxygen with a variable carbon dioxide level. These measurements may also reveal a metabolic disturbance, such as respiratory alkalosis, respiratory acidosis, or metabolic acidosis. Chest X-rays typically reveal diffuse haziness in the lungs and, often, an enlarged heart and abnormal fluid buildup in the lungs.

The person may undergo a diagnostic procedure called pulmonary artery catheterization to help confirm failure of the left ventricle and rule out adult respiratory distress syndrome, which causes similar symptoms.

How is it Treated?

Treatment of pulmonary edema aims to reduce the amount of extra­vascular lung fluid, to improve gas exchange and heart function and, if possible, to correct underlying disease.

Usually, the person receives high concentrations of oxygen. If an acceptable arterial blood oxygen level still can’t be maintained, the person receives mechanical ventilation to improve oxygen delivery to the tissues and to treat acid-base disturbances.

The individual also may receive diuretics (for example, Lasix) to promote fluid elimination through urination, which in turn helps to reduce extravascular fluid.

To treat heart dysfunction, the person may receive a digitalis glycoside or other drugs that improve heart contraction. Some people also receive drugs that dilate the arteries such as Nipride. Morphine may be given to reduce anxiety, ease breathing, and improve blood flow from the pulmonary circulation to the arms and legs.

So You Need Mitral Valve Surgery, Who Should Do It and How?

The story behind most referrals for mitral valve surgery differs but often begins with either symptoms or an "incidental" finding of a murmur during a routine physical exam. The first issue to understand is what the mitral valve is and what does it do? The mitral valve sits between two chambers of the heart, the left atrium and the left ventricle. Blood filed with oxygen (oxygenated) flows into the left atrium from the lungs ready to go out to the body. It then gets pumped from the left atrium into the left ventricle which then squeezes which raises the pressure in the ventricle. This causes the mitral valve to shut tight and the aortic valve to open, releasing the oxygenated blood into the body via the aorta. The heart then relaxes and the mitral valve opens again, ready to do its job of keeping blood moving forward toward the body and not backward towards the lungs.

The second issue to appreciate is what can go wrong with the mitral valve? Basically two broad categories of problems can occur: regurgitation (leaky valve in which it allows blood to go backwards toward the left atrium and lungs) and stenosis (narrowed valve than makes it difficult for blood to get from the left atrium to the ventricle). Underlying causes of these conditions include: myxomatous disease, fibroelastic deficiency, rheumatic disease (caused by untreated strep throat during childhood), heart attacks (myocardial infarction), heart failure (enlarged failing heart), and others.

Patients fall into two basic categories: symptomatic and asymptomatic (without symptoms). Symptoms commonly associated with mitral valve disease include: shortness of breath, fatigue, leg swelling, rapid or irregular heart beat (atrial fibrillation), chest pain, and others. Of course these symptoms can be associated with other medical conditions as well.

The American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association have convened committees to publish guidelines on valve disease evaluation and treatment to include the mitral valve. In general, most patients with symptoms should have surgery if they are good candidates from a risk standpoint. Repair is preferred when possible as this has been associated with better outcomes. There are several different surgical approaches: full sternotomy (breastplate division), partial sternotomy, right thoracotomy (incision under right breast), robotic approaches including right thoracotomy and totally endoscopic approaches. For every way of performing mitral valve surgery, I can name a surgeon I would trust my family with. However, the operation with the smallest incisions that I am aware of is the totally endoscopic robotic approach. There are some evolving (currently experimental) catheter based approaches but these are early in their evolution and are likely to be limited to high-risk patients in the near future.

With regard to who should do your mitral valve surgery, experience matters. I believe that mitral valve surgery, especially repair, is becoming a subspecialty that is best performed by cardiovascular surgeons who are focused on it and have special training in repair techniques. Although most mitral valve surgery in the US is performed by surgeons who do less than 10 cases per year, I do not feel this is ideal (my opinion). Ask your surgeon about his / her volume of experience before making this important decision.

Teeter Hang Up Review

If you sit at a desk all day, stand in place at work, do a lot of heavy lifting, etc, your body will most likely benefit from inversion therapy by helping the body recover from daily activities. Inversion Therapy is recognized by doctors, physical therapists and sports trainers to be a safe and effective way to relieve stress on the spine and weight bearing joints. Being that I have lower back problems and discovered at my last check up that I am actually getting shorter, I decided to do some research on what people are reporting about the benefits of hanging upside down.

One thing is for sure we are not alone in having back or joint problems. The chronic pain often experienced can reek havoc on your life. I remember when my back pain was at it’s worse, I couldn’t lift my feet to walk. My doctor treated me with epidurals, which only numbed the pain for a while. Today, my back is mostly stiff. It always feels like it needs to be stretched or straightened out.

So how is inversion therapy helping people with back and joint problems? From what I have learned, most people are happy with the results they get from regular use of an inversion table. People are saying that Inversion Therapy reverses the way gravity has been negatively effecting their body. Ever feel like things are going south, so to speak? I can definitely relate. Simply put, Inversion Therapy puts gravity on your side by alining the body with the downward force of gravity. It elongates the spine, actual increasing the space between the vertebrae. It makes sense that this could relieve pressure on discs, which means less pain.

Inversion elongates the spine, increasing the space between the vertebrae, which relieves the pressure on discs, ligaments and nerve roots. Less pressure means less back pain. Have you ever noticed that being stressed out makes the pain and discomfort from aches and pains worse? Many customers report that using Inversion Therapy helps to calm and relax them after a hard day at work. Stress and tension can cause pain in the back, neck and shoulders, also headaches and other problems. Don’t you hate that awful neck and shoulder pain that is usually experienced after a day at the office. We don’t realize a lot of times, we’re tensed up while at work, driving, anticipating an up coming event, etc. I sometimes take notice that my shoulders have been tensed up for hours and when I try to relax, it only brings pain.

Customers who are regularly using inversion therapy say that even just a few minutes a day can help relax muscles, allowing for our body to flush out toxins, increase oxygen supplies so the pain and stiffness begins to disappear. They also say that posture is improved and some people report that they have regained their normal height, after their body started getting shorter. Stress and tension can cause muscle spasms in the back, neck and shoulders, as well as headaches and other problems. Tense muscles produce spasms and pain by reducing the supply of oxygen and by reducing blood and lymph flow, allowing the accumulation of waste chemicals in the muscles.

My research has found The Teeter hang Ups very popular among consumers in terms of quality and price. They are offered in several models at different prices. I always in search for the best quality products and the lowest prices.

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How To Prevent A Ischemic Heart Disease

Ischemic Heart Disease is a disease characterized by reduced blood supply

to the heart. As you well know the cause of most heart diseases is hardening of the arteries or blocked arteries. Complete occlusion of the blood vessel leads to a heart attack (myocardial infarction) which involves the death of the tissue of heart’s muscle (ischemic necrosis). Most of the heart attacks are immediately fatal,unless the patients arrive at the hospital in time,in which case their chances of survival are higher. Statistics show that injections of magnesium sulfate within the first three hours of the attack has proven very efficient increasing survival by over 20%. The main objective of the medical treatment of heart attack survivors is the prevention of a second attack.

The following things are recommended after a heart attack:

→ Possible angioplasty or cardiac surgery.

→ Possibly the regular administration of anti-coagulants to prevent further blood clot complications.

→ Possibly the administration of drugs like digoxin, verapamil and amidarone to reduce heart arrhythmias although they many also induce arrhythmias.

→ A daily intake of aspirin.

→ Lifestyle modifications are important in prevention of a second MI; increased exercise, reduction of stress, and improved dietary considerations are perhaps most important.

Here are some very important advices that you sholud take into consideration for lowering the risk of a heart attack:stop smoking, stop eating foods which are high in fat,get some regular exercise and avoid excessive stress.

Avoidance of smoking and secondhand smoke represent a very important measure in avoiding cardiovascular disease. Studies has shown that smokers who quit lower their risk of stroke by 27% two years after stopping. Their risk reaches the level of non-smokers after about four years.

A healthy diet is the strongest protection against cardiovascular disease. A heart-healthy diet is rich in fruits and vegetables and low in saturated fat, cholesterol, meat, and sugar. It isn’t necessary to eat perfect and you don’t have to see this as a burden,but you should try to change your diet step by step,giving up the foods rich in fats and lowering your cholesterol level.

Most medical experts agree that a high total cholesterol level is a critical risk factor for cardiovascular disease and that a reduction in overall cholesterol levels is an important measure in preventing and treating atherosclerosis.

Finally,and most important,exercise is an important component in the rehabilitation of heart disease patients. Regular exercise helps prevent obesity and diabetes which are also important risk factors for heart disease.

Knowing Heart Attack Signs Can Save Your Life

Chest pain is the most common heart attack sign but it is important to understand that there are different kinds of chest pain. Many people with coronary artery disease suffer from angina pectoris which is chest pain or discomfort when the heart is not receiving enough blood. It normally occurs when the heart is working harder, such as during exercise or physical activity, but goes away when the activity is stopped.

The chest pain associated with a heart attack can occur at any time, most notably in the morning, and is of long duration and continuous. People with a history of angina may experience more frequent anginal attacks in the weeks or days before they have a heart attack.

The chest pain is often described as severe, as if something was crushing the heart attack victim’s chest; a heavy, squeezing or extreme pressure sensation. Some people have described it as a tightness of the chest or burning sensation. The pain itself usually begins in the center of the chest. Then it can radiate outwards and affect the shoulders, neck, jaw, or arms. These chest pains will last 15 to minutes and are not relieved by resting or taking nitroglycerin.

The signs of a heart attack for women and older adults can be different. Often their symptoms present as atypical chest pains. This means it feels more like indigestion or heartburn and can include nausea and vomiting. Women are more likely than men to have a silent or unrecognized heart attack. For women they will also experience shortness of breath and fatigue and weakness of the shoulders and upper arms.

Older adults will often seek medical attention for a variety of symptoms including difficulty breathing, confusion, fainting, dizziness, abdominal pain or cough. They often think they are having a stroke when in fact they are suffering a heart attack.

Other symptoms that occur during a heart attack are responses to the damage that the heart is undergoing during the attack. Anxiety, tachycardia (rapid heart beat), and vasoconstriction (narrowing of the blood vessels) occur in response to sympathetic nervous system stimulation. This results in cool, clammy, mottled skin. The respiratory center of the brain responds to pain and blood chemistry changes by increasing respiration rate. Death of heart tissue causes inflammation that causes an increase in white blood cells and an elevation in temperature.

Depending of the location and amount of infracted (dead) heart tissue other signs of heart can include high blood pressure, low blood pressure, nausea, vomiting, or bradycardia (slow heart rate). Irritation of the diaphragm can cause the hiccups as well. In extreme cases the first sign of a heart attack is a sudden death. This is particularly likely in the event that a major blood vessel is completely blocked.

It is utmost importance to seek medical attention at the first signs of heart attack. The sooner a heart attack victim receives medical attention the better their chances of survival.

Shingles Causes And Medication

Shingles is a patch of painful blisters that appear on one side of the body. These blisters are filled with fluid. These blisters are caused by the varicella-zoster virus, a virus from the herpes family causes chicken pox in us. Shingles may cause permanent damage to vision and hearing capability in some cases. If shingles is found near the eyes and ears it should be treated immediately.

Severe pain on the areas of the blisters is experienced by most of the people who are affected by shingles. This severe pain can be treated by gentle touch or air on the shingles. They can arrange for the gentle flow of air as a part of the shingle treatment to reduce the pain caused by shingles. Medications used in curing shingles during the initial stages of the outbreak is to reduce the pain and the impact of shingles after the rashes have gone.

Cure for Shingles

There is an ongoing debate on whether there is really a cure for shingles or not. The truth is that the term “cure” may be a little too strong to use. Experts say that there is no real absolute cure for shingles. There is however, no need to despair because they can be treated and controlled.

Medication can reduce the pain and cut the length of time that a person has shingles. Studies also show that even though there is no cure for shingles, treatment can limit a person’s chances of suffering from complications like post herpetic neuralgia and blindness.

Medication for Shingles

Anti virals cannot be seen as shingles cure because it cannot properly kill the virus. Proper medication however will step up the crusting and healing of shingles blisters by a number of days. Doctors usually prescribe anti viral medication combined with other pain relieving medications.

In order for the treatment to be effective, it must be administered as soon as the disease is detected. It is recommended that medical assistance be sought within 48-72 hours after the first signs of shingles emerge. The first signs are usually pain and some rashes.

Causes:

The virus, varicella zoster, which causes shingles in adults, is actually the same virus which causes chicken pox during the childhood stage. Although one may recover from chicken pox when quite young, the virus does not always go away. It remains dormant in the body, causing no harm for years together. Once the immune system of the body weakens with age, this particular virus is sometimes triggered to reemerge. It then travels to the nerve ends causing shingles Since the virus travels to the end of the nerves, severe pain is caused in those suffering from shingles.

Some of the symptoms of shingles can sometimes imitate those of other common illnesses including, fever, headaches and stomach aches. Your doctor can devise a shingles treatment plan based on the severity of the disease. Although there are many medications available for treating shingles it is always preferable that you consult your doctor before you choose one.

Heart Disease – Common Age Related Diseases

In our lifetime, we have several things that can affect the heart and cause heart disease. As person who has had a stent put in then four and half years later had triple-by-pass surgery. I recommend you start now learning about things that can affect your heart.

My problem was I learned many things after surgery. I relied on my MD and Cardio gist who informed me of nothing.

Below is list of things that affect your heart:

Low/Blood EPP/DHA, Elevated C – reactive Protein, Excess LDL, Excess Insulin, Low HDL, High Glucose, Nitric Oxide Deficit, Insufficient Vitamin D, Excess Estrogen, Excess Triglycerides, Low Free Testosterone, Excess Fibrinogen, Excess Homocysteine, Hypertension, Low Vitamin K, Excess Cholesterol, Oxidized LDL, Thyroid off, Plus many more.

What happens, as we get older these things start affecting the heart. Far too often, they can cause angina or acute heart attack. In my case, I have angina heart disease.

You will need the following list to find out where you are at health wise.

Blood test Panel should include:

Lipid Profile

Total Cholesterol, LDL, HDL, Triglycerides

Cardiac Markers

C-Reactive Protein, Homocysteine

Hormones

Progesterone, DHEA-S, Free & Total Testosterone, Estradiol (and estrogen), TSH (Thyroid function)

Metabolic Profile

Glucose, Kidney function test: creatinine, BUN, uric acid,

Liver function tests: AST,ALT,LDH,GGT, bilirubun, alkaline, prosphatase,

Blood mineral, Blood proteins

Complete Blood Count

Red Blood cell count, White Blood cell count, Platelet count

You may want to consider going to a Doctor of Natural Medicine. He was one who told me I had thyroid problem, which affects the heart. After my hear surgery, I was told I would be like new in 6 weeks. It never happened by 7 months I had pain shooting down my arm again. I would go up one flight stairs and be out of breath. What I had with the triple-by-pass surgery was a bandage on my problem. My doctor of N.D. is the one who is helping me heal.

I recommend you do your research into your health problems. Do not totally rely on your MD or cardiologist. I find they give me very little information. Don’t get me wrong, you still need your MD and Cardiologist but there are other options less invasive as heart surgery for angina heart disease.

Details About Tuberculosis Treatment

The treatment of tuberculosis lasts a long period of time, from six to nine months but it gives remarkably good results in patients. Only in some cases drugs are not bared by the patient and side effects appear. In order to prevent them from happening the doctor monitorizes closely the evolution of the patient by performing blood, urine tests and thoracic x-rays.

The doctor must be announced when nausea, vomiting, fever and jaundice appear. Some patients might develop a skin rash and bruises from the drugs, others might feel numbness in hands or feet and others might have visual problems. The doctor needs to be informed if these kinds of situations appear because he will change the treatment and will replace the harmful drugs with others suitable for the patient.

In the process of treating tuberculosis, doctors use certain drugs that might give certain side effects. For example, Isoniazid can be responsible for the loss of appetite, for nausea, and for tingling in the hands and feet. Rifampicin can interfere with contraceptive pills treatment reducing their effect and can also stain the contact lenses of the patient. Ethambutol is known to cause visual problems so if you follow such a treatment you will periodically be checked by an ophthalmologist to determine whether you can continue the treatment with Ethambutol or not. Pyrazinamide can cause a loss of appetite, nausea, skin rashes and intense itching. Generally Pyrazinamide is recommended only in the first two months of treatment but make sure you inform the doctor if any of these symptoms occur to you.

If the patient takes other medication he must report this thing to the doctor because some pills might interfere with the anti-tuberculosis treatment and others might not be effective if they get in contact with the anti-tuberculosis pills.

The treatment must be followed as prescribed and taken for the period of time the doctor tells you so. Even if the patient feels better the treatment must be continued until the six months have passed because the germs that have cause tuberculosis are not killed until the treatment is done and they might continue to infect the patient and the people who come in close contact with the patient. Also, by taking the pills irregularly, the drug resistance might install and the doctor will have to change the treatment in order to make it effective again but the options are not numerous and the doctor will not have any more separate drugs to replace the others in a short while.

It is important for the patient not to drink any alcohol during the treatment as it can interfere with the drugs and cause toxicity, affecting the liver.

Sciatica: A Pain for All Ages

Most of us have a vague idea of what sciatica is. If you know anything, it may be that sciatica is some sort of pinched nerve and lower back problem that afflicts the over-40 crowd.

But there is more to sciatica than that, and some of it might surprise you.

What is Sciatica?

In clinical terms, sciatica is pain resulting from irritation of the sciatic nerve. It is usually caused by one of three things: piriformis syndrome, irritation of the sacroiliac, or herniated disc.

Piriformis syndrome occurs when the piriformis (or large muscle inside your butt) gets irritated, swells and squeezes your sciatic nerve. Piriformis syndrome is literally a “pain in the butt”.

Irritation of the sacrum ligaments (called sacro-iliac) – The sacrum is a bony wedged that sits at the base of your spine and keeps your pelvis in place. What’s strange about it is that there are no muscles to hold it in place—only ligaments—which means that your sacrum depends on body balance and alignment to stay in place. It’s easy to see then, that if your hips or pelvis get nudged out of alignment, those ligaments will twist and turn, causing sharp, excruciating pain in the pelvis, hip and numbness down the leg.

A herniated disc happens when the outer wall of a disc in your back ruptures and allows the pulp of the disc to squeeze out and rake against the largest nerve in your body (the sciatic nerve). Ouch! Lots of things can cause the disc to erupt, but for the most part, the disc starts with a tiny, insignificant tear that left alone would heal. But under pressure that outer wall (called the “annulus fibrosus”) gets squeezed and pinched, until it cannot hold any longer. The wall ruptures!

How Sciatica Happens at Any Age

There is a long list of scenarios and lifestyles that can create the kind of torque needed to twist your sacroiliac, irritate your piriformis and burst the wall of a disc. But chief among them are:  leaning to one side, sitting on uneven surfaces, straining with one leg over and over again, and recovering from knee surgery. A 45-year-old man driving an 18-wheeler 10 to 12 hours a day, day after day. A thirty-something woman standing in front of a class of fifth graders while leaning on one leg, year after year.

What’s interesting is that, with all we know today about ergonomics and back strain, you’re probably not surprised that truck drivers and teachers get sciatica at a pretty steady clip. But what about the hip hop crowd? Those 16-year-old boys with their oversized pants slung low and cool with deep pockets. Those pants have created a whole generation of young men who sit tipped sideways atop their wallets. Day after day, hour after hour, they are tipping their backs out of alignment, and putting their sciatic nerve under intense pressure.

Treating the Symptoms or the Root Cause?

You have a lot of choices when it comes to treating sciatica, and each depends on where the symptoms originate. Some choose surgery to fix a herniated disc, some choose steroid shots poked directly into their hip to get at the piriformis. Others choose anti-inflammatories to reduce swelling around their sacroiliac ligaments. But none of those treatments gets to the ROOT of the problem.

As mentioned above, all sciatic nerve problems have similar symptoms: pain in the lower back or pelvic area and numbness down one leg. But the ROOT of all of them is the EXACLTY same — a body out of alignment. And for that, Structural Integration is the only answer. Structural Integration (SI) is designed to relieve pain AND to get inside and fix the root cause of the problem. SI practitioners use a 10-session methodology to systematically relax and loosen muscle, ligaments, tendons, etc. layer-by-layer. With each session and each layer, your practitioner moves closer to the CAUSE of your pain until he is able to gently reach in a untwist ligaments, sooth swollen musclse and take pressure of discs. Then he will realign your pelvis, back, hips, knees, feet and more, until they settle into perfect alignment. Your back, leg, pelvis will balance, and you won’t be living in fear of the next time your sciatica will flare up – because it won’t.

Marketing Strategies and Tactics I

– Marketing dominance strategies

In this category of strategies, you see the world and the market in terms of market share; you know your market share, classify yourself as a leader, challenger, follower or nicher. Then you plan your marketing strategy accordingly.

Leader: you have market dominance, you need to stress that you are the dominant business in your market because you are the best.

Challenger: you are the next big thing, you should point out that the industry leader has gotten too big to care about customers, that you will change how things are going in the industry. You should project an image of being the next edgy thing to hit the market.

Follower: you should consolidate your position never directly challenging the leaders while making alliances in the market. You wait for your opportunity to be a challenger or a leader.

Nicher: you concentrate on your niche, taking care not to venture out unless you are confident of your odds outside of your niche.

– Innovation strategies

Here it is all about who is on the cutting edge, who churns out the new products and technologies before anyone else. You are a pioneer, close follower or late follower.

Pioneer: You concentrate on being the one with the newest, hottest products around. You promise your customers will get the new technology before anyone else does.

Close follower: You wait for other to pioneer in different direction, and when they are on to something, you quickly adopt it, improve it and make it your own.

Late follower: You adopt only the most stable of technology, you stress to your customers that your products will be stable, tried and tested, with no bugs or last minute recalls.

– Growth strategies

When operating under growth strategies, your focus should be on how to make your business grow. You use:

Horizontal integration: You try to expand by acquiring or starting new business in the same field as your main business, this way you control a bigger market share, and sideline the competition.

Vertical integration: You try to acquire or start businesses that supply your current business or sell its products. This way you can have a stable production and delivery structure.

Diversification: You try to conquer new markets with new products, expending in unexpected direction where you predict that there are great profits there.

Intensification: You add new features to your existing products. You release new versions of your products. Trying to consolidate then expand your market position.

What Are The Symptoms And Stages Of a Brain Tumor?

From the latest research in the field of medicine it is evident that there are lots of patients who are suffering from the painful condition of brain tumor. It is a disease which has taken many lives and still many are struggling hard to survive from this detrimental syndrome. For the cure, many neurologists have been successful in fighting back this disease but still there is a lot more to do to face this challenge. And for this reason, the experts from cancer treatment and radiation therapy are coming forward to participate in the fight against cancer.

Brain tumor is a very harmful and dangerous disease. It only results in the patient’s death if it is not controlled in its earlier stage. By reading this article you will know more about Brain tumor, its symptoms and its treatment process. This information will be helpful if you are suffering from the same condition.

Symptoms:

There are many symptoms of brain tumor which neurologist describe. Among them, the most common symptoms are Headaches, Nausea, Hearing troubles, Sight misperception, Vision problem and sometimes problems in the behavioral functioning.

Headaches:

Regular headaches are common in a brain tumor patient. These are regular and frequent and can take place at any instant. When the headaches are in the primary stage, they are preventable, but when the disease enters a severe stage, they are unstoppable and can even take the patient’s life. Well it can be and cannot be a complete sign of a brain tumor. If the patient is receiving constant headaches then it can be a sign but consulting the experienced practitioner to find out if it is really a symptom of this condition or not.

Vomiting and Nausea:

These symptoms are sometimes rare and sometimes frequent in the patient. Vomiting and nausea can be a middle stage symptom of the brain tumor, but for confirmation the patient should consult the neurologist. With the latest research, the experts have declared that there are 22 patients out of hundred who had called Nausea as brain tumor’s symptom.

Loss of hearing and vision:

According to the latest report, there are 25% patients who had loss of hearing and vision. But it is also not a true symptom for brain tumor. Sometimes, it depends upon the tendency of the patient as to what sort of symptoms he or she is carrying with the disease.

Stages:

Stage 1:

This is a very primary stage of brain tumor in which the cells are not fully shaped and they do not even start to multiply. The cure is easy in this stage as the cells can easily be separated from the brain through a surgery.

Stage 2:

This is a stage where the cell activates in a slow growth form. This stage requires instant surgery; otherwise there is chance for the disease to go into its third stage which is more dangerous and risky,

Stage 3:

This stage is proficient for the cells to split up. They starts growing more rapidly and it requires a serious attention if the patient is to be recovered.

Stage 4:

This stage is the extreme of all stages where the cure becomes very difficult because the tumor cells have populated the entire brain section. This stage is very difficult to cure but can be cured if an urgent surgery is carried out. Most of the brain tumor’s patient die in this last stage as many times the surgery does not remove the disease. That is why many neurologists advice the patients to treat it the very first stage so that the disease stops spreading.

Strep Throat – the Simple Facts and the Cures

What is Strep Throat: Strep Throat is a severe Infection of the throat and tonsils.

What causes Strep Throat: Strep Throat is caused by the streptococcal bacteria, and is spread by close contact with someone who has the ilness. Usualy the infected person coughs or sneezes, spreading the disease. Untreated patients are very infectious for 2-4 weeks after the beginning of the infection.

Symptoms Of Strep Throat: The most common symptoms of Strep Throat are a very red, sore throat. Often there are white patches on the tonsils, swollen lymph nodes in the neck, fever and headache, upset stomach and vomiting. Often the sore throat comes on rapidly, and the fever can sometimes be greater than 102 degrees.

Treatment For Strep Throat: The best treatment for Strp Throat is usualy Antibiotics. Antibiotics will quickly reduce symptoms, and reduce the chances of complications. Penicillin is usualy given as the antibiotic of choice, but since a lot of folks are allergic to Penicillin, the doctor may prescribe Erythromycin instead. Other antibiotics that are effective include amoxicillin, and cephalosporin. Although Strep throat symptoms may subside within 4 days even without treatment, it is very important to be treated by a doctor, and to complete the full course of antibiotics to prevent severe complications such as heart or kidney troubles. Amoxicillin should be avoided as a treatment of a sore throat if bacterial (swab) confirmation has not been obtained as it causes a distinctive rash should the true illness prove to be Glandular Fever instead of Strep Throat. In most cases, a standard dose of penicillin, taken for 10 days, will cure the strep throat infection without any problems. Relief from the sore throat should come within 24 to 48 hours after you start taking antibiotics. Doctors recommend throat sprays and lozenges to help ease the throat pain until the antibiotics start helping.

Preventing Strep Throat: Strep Throat is very contagious, so the best line of prevention is to stay away from those that have it. Wash all drinking and eating utensils in very hot soapy water. If caring for an infected person, the caregiver should wash hands often after contact. Another way to help prevent strep throat is to try to reduce your stress, get plenty of rest and other things that help keep the bodies defenses strong.

There is a website that provides cures, facts and other great information on Strep Throat and numerous medical conditions, the website is called: All About Health, and can be found at this url:

http://www.rb59.com/medical-health-info

By Robert W. Benjamin

Copyright © 2007

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