Genealogy – Does Syphilis Play a Part in Your Family Tree?

Recently, I watched the Martin Freeman episode from the BBC series ‘Who Do You Think You Are?’. The concept of the whole thing is quite fascinating with various celebrities being helped to trace their family trees. For the genealogist, the series is a great help in learning how and where to find out the various pieces of information necessary to put together the history of your own forebears.

However, this episode stood out from all the rest because of the dramatic discoveries in the latter stages with the revelation that his great grandfather, Richard, was born blind and fathered Martin’s grandfather, Leonard, late in life.

The researchers dug up various proofs giving us the story of Richard, who became a church organist in Worthing, fathering six children with one wife, who died, and then another six with his second. A notice in the parish magazine then refers mysteriously to his departure from his job and the town, making an allusion to some sort of scandal.

Richard reappears in Hull a few years later with a third wife but, this time, she is also blind. They succeeded in bringing up six children (including Martin’s grandfather, Leonard) before Richard passed away at the age of about 70.

On further investigation, it transpired that they had Ada had borne Richard not six, but 12 live children and, armed with the birth certificates of four of the children who did not survive, Martin sought the advice of an expert from Great Ormond Street. Together they worked out that these four had born and died of some form of ‘failure to thrive’ within a six to eight year period.

In the years leading up to and just after the turn of the 20th century, the most common cause of this was congenital syphilis, an illness which can also cause blindness, either at birth or in the first few years due to the glazing over of the cornea.

It transpired that Ada had not been born blind, but had lost her sight at the age of three and the death certificate of her older brother showed that he had died a month before she was conceived of ‘constitutional syphilis’ at the age of just three months. This meant that he presented with symptoms that were undeniable and could not be listed as mere ‘failure to thrive’, confirming that the most likely cause of Ada’s becoming blind as a small child was that same illness.

Common perception is that syphilis, in those days, was fatal, going through varying symptoms including a horrible facial rash which eventually caused your nose to fall off, before you went mad.

The consensus of the experts was that Ada had been born with congenital syphilis (ie caught from her mother and transmitted during the pregnancy) and recovered without treatment because it is possible in certain cases for the disease to ‘work its way out of the system’ over a period of four to six years.

However, having had the disease once does not mean that you are forever after immune. She had, then, been re-infected by her husband, Richard, passing it on to her own fetus in utero. She managed to recover a second time and went on to have more children who were unaffected by the disease.

Apparently, if a woman who has born several healthy children suddenly goes through a period of 6-8 years where she has a series of miscarriages, still births or neo-natal deaths, then syphilis is the most likely cause.

Kassovitz’s Law of 1875 dictates ‘the spontaneous gradual diminution in intensity of syphilitic transmission’. So a number of births will be miscarriages, then stillbirths, then unhealthy children who die quickly, unhealthy children who survive and then back to healthy children again.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease which first appeared in the 1490s in Southern Europe and rapidly spread across the continent, where it was also known as the French Disease. Due to its extreme contagiousness and hideous symptoms, it was as feared as the Plague.

Many have said that Henry VIII suffered from it and this was evidenced by the ulcer on his leg and his inability to father healthy children. However, this is not totally born out by the evidence – based on Kassovitz’s Law. Catherine of Aragon was pregnant six times. She gave birth to four boys who lived for a few months or were stillbirths. Then she had a healthy daughter, the woman who became Bloody Mary, followed by another daughter who died after a few weeks. In that time, Henry also fathered the illegitimate Henry Fitzroy, Duke of Richmond, who went on to die at the age of 17. Anne Boleyn’s first child was Elizabeth, followed by two miscarriages. Jane Seymour’s first and only pregnancy produced Edward VI, who, although not the most robust of children, did survive until he was 16.

It was not until 1928 and the arrival of penicillin that a cure was found.

In the late 1890s/early 20th century, syphilis was very common and extremely contagious. Most people passed it on without even knowing that they had it. Whether the disease or the method of its contraction had anything to do with Richard’s sudden departure from his respectable job and lifestyle in Worthing, we will never know, but it certainly makes for some salacious conjecture.

Statistics show that one in ten people in Britain had the disease at that time. So, as the sexual health expert said: ‘of all the people currently engaged in genealogy searches, at least 10% have a sporting chance of finding syphilis in their family tree’.

It’s certainly a very sobering thought.

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Natural Remedies to Combat Acid Reflux

Below is a comprehensive list in no particular order of Natural Remedies that you can use to ease heartburn and stop the regular attack of acid reflux.
These remedies pose a potentially alternate route for the treatment of reflux, so think twice next time you go to grab the medication.

1. Drink milk – This is a sensitive topic, many say it works however others say dairy worsens heartburn. Usually it does a good job of giving some instant relief

2. Drink more water – The water will dilute the acid in your stomach and help wash the food down, this can be one way to help reduce symptoms

3. Chew a few – almonds Chewing a few almonds before eating your meal and leaving for work has been praised as being highly effective. It is unknown what almonds do to give this effect.

4. Herbal teas – Chamomile or fennel tea have been known to help the effects of acid reflux. Although tea is not considered good for those with GERD's many herbal tea's have claimed to help.

5. Eat an apple – Eating an apple after meals has been known to work wonders. In fact some types of apples are known to help even the worst of patients, be sure to try different types.

6. Eat Candied ginger – Chew a piece if you feel the acid growing, this has been done for years but its still unsure if it works.

7. Apple cider vinegar – Swallow two to three table spoons of apple cider vinegar to prevent acid reflux, this has been praised by many who suffer and is up there on the home remedy list.

8. Papaya – Available in the form of papaya enzyme pills, this enzyme can help with acid reflux symptoms in some people.

9. Aloe Juice – Aloe juice is very popular and seems to work in reducing acid output

10. Chew lots of gum – This releases saliva which is basic and helps to neutralize your stomach acid.

11. Drink some Pickle Juice – Believe it or not this is considered to be one of the best ways to relieve heartburn

12. Liquorice Root Extract – has been known to work wonders

13. Baking soda – mix a bit with water and sip it down, it should neutralize the acid in a tick

14. Mustard – It has been known to help but is not as mainstream as the other formulas listed above, but anything is worth a try!

Raw Food Diet – How it Affects a Person’s Fertility With YANG Constitution in TCM Perspective

I. Introduction
A. What is a typical American raw food diet
The raw food diet is defined as a type of diet of which at least 75% of the daily diet must be unprocessed and uncooked foods or foods can not be heating above 115 degree of Fahrenheit or 40 C, including fresh fruit and vegetables and raw meats. A typical American raw food diet contains mostly yin and dampness pathogen, including mostly raw fruits, vegetables and nuts and seeds.

B. What is a person with yang constitution
According to traditional Chinese medicine, yang constitution is genetic passing through pattern which you inherited from either one of your parent. It represents in the deep layer in your body. A person with yang constitution tend to have
1. Red tongue
2. Red face
3. Constipation
4. Dense menstrual flow
5. Nightmare
6. Prefer cooler drink.
7. Etc

II. How raw foods affect fertility
A person with yang constitution may initially benefit from raw foods diet. Since the body is slightly yang excessive, raw foods help to reduce the yang, thus balancing the yin and yang imbalance. But over a prolong period of raw foods intake, it will cause yang qi imbalance, although, it is not severe than a person with yin constitution.

1. Spleen
Spleen is considered as an organ in aiding the digestive system in absorbing vital nutrients and convert them to energy for the body’s need. Although person with yang constitution may take longer and symptoms may not be as severe as a person with yin constitution, but over a prolong period of time in taking raw food diet, it causes dysfunction of spleen in foods digestion, leading to nutrients deficiency of which triggers the primitive brain function in diverting blood aways from the reproductive organ for energy conversation.

2. Liver
According to traditional Chinese medicine, people with yang constitution can benefit from taking a large amount of raw foods everyday to balance the excessive yang constitution in the body. But unfortunately, prolong period of raw diet deplete the yang constitution, leading to yang deficiency. While spleen is damaged due to prolong intake of raw foods, it interferes with liver function in blood transformation, leading to insufficient blood that required to support our body’ daily activity, causing irregular menstruation and weakening the reproductive organs in perform their function in conception depending how much raw food intake.

3. Blood deficiency
As liver is no longer function as it should be, caused by spleen abnormal function in absorbing nutrients to nourish the production of blood, leading to blood deficiency that triggers the brain primitive reaction from diverting the blood away from the reproductive organs, leading to irregular menstruation. in severe case, it causes absence of period, affecting fertility in women and reducing the sperm quality and quantity in men.

4. Blood and qi stagnation
Since raw foods are considered as dampness pathogen, it impairs the spleen function in controlling the interior damp-cold, resulting in qi and blood stagnation, leading to delay menstruation and menstrual pain and cramps.

5. Kidney Yang deficiency
Kidney is considered as an organ helping to moisten, nourish the organs and tissues. Prolong intake of raw foods may decrease the yang qi in the kidney, leading to symptoms of fluid retention, that interferes with function of lung in absorbing enough oxygen for our body, causing nervous tension such as fatigue, tiredness and loss of memory and reducing the production of progesterone and testosterone, leading to lower sperm count in men and abnormal in the yang phrase in women menstrual cycle.

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Natural Remedies to Combat Acid Reflux

Below is a comprehensive list in no particular order of Natural Remedies that you can use to ease heartburn and stop the regular attack of acid reflux.
These remedies pose a potentially alternate route for the treatment of reflux, so think twice next time you go to grab the medication.

1. Drink milk – This is a sensitive topic, many say it works however others say dairy worsens heartburn. Usually it does a good job of giving some instant relief

2. Drink more water – The water will dilute the acid in your stomach and help wash the food down, this can be one way to help reduce symptoms

3. Chew a few – almonds Chewing a few almonds before eating your meal and leaving for work has been praised as being highly effective. It is unknown what almonds do to give this effect.

4. Herbal teas – Chamomile or fennel tea have been known to help the effects of acid reflux. Although tea is not considered good for those with GERD's many herbal tea's have claimed to help.

5. Eat an apple – Eating an apple after meals has been known to work wonders. In fact some types of apples are known to help even the worst of patients, be sure to try different types.

6. Eat Candied ginger – Chew a piece if you feel the acid growing, this has been done for years but its still unsure if it works.

7. Apple cider vinegar – Swallow two to three table spoons of apple cider vinegar to prevent acid reflux, this has been praised by many who suffer and is up there on the home remedy list.

8. Papaya – Available in the form of papaya enzyme pills, this enzyme can help with acid reflux symptoms in some people.

9. Aloe Juice – Aloe juice is very popular and seems to work in reducing acid output

10. Chew lots of gum – This releases saliva which is basic and helps to neutralize your stomach acid.

11. Drink some Pickle Juice – Believe it or not this is considered to be one of the best ways to relieve heartburn

12. Liquorice Root Extract – has been known to work wonders

13. Baking soda – mix a bit with water and sip it down, it should neutralize the acid in a tick

14. Mustard – It has been known to help but is not as mainstream as the other formulas listed above, but anything is worth a try!

GERD and Cottage Cheese

GERD and cottage cheese are incompatible. GERD and milk are also incompatible.

Many people believe that milk and other dairy products will lessen heartburn, acid reflux, and GERD. The truth is, however, that heartburn and milk, GERD and cottage cheese, or any other of dozens of combinations may only make the problem worse.

National Heartburn Alliance’s Heartburn Guide

If you call the National Heartburn Alliance toll free at 877-471-2081, you can request a copy of their heartburn guide. What will it tell you? It will advise you to stop heartburn, acid reflux, and GERD before they begin. To help you do this, they color-code various food groups.

* RED: Red means stop, of course. If a food is in this category, you should stop and rethink whether to risk eating it.

* YELLOW: Use discretion in eating these foods.

* GREEN: Normally acceptable foods that seem to have little potential for causing heartburn, acid reflux, or GERD.

Dairy Products

GERD and cottage cheese make up only one combination against which the National Heartburn Alliance warns. Dairy products in general fall into the red and yellow categories of their guide – foods that GERD patients will want to avoid or eat cautiously.

“Red” foods for those who suffer GERD and similar complaints are cottage cheese, ice cream, milk shakes, and sour cream. They seem to have omitted regular milk, but other sites include it.

“Yellow” foods for GERD sufferers include low fat cottage cheese, cheddar cheese, frozen yogurt, mozzarella, 2 percent milk, skim milk, and yogurt.

Possible Explanation

Some believe milk is a perfect food for infants of any species, but not for adults. Other species of mammals stop drinking milk once they are weaned from the mother.

* Infant grizzly bears eat no honey, salmon, or berries. They live on mother’s milk. Once they are weaned, however, they never again drink milk.

* Infant cattle do not graze on grass and sagebrush. They live on mother’s milk alone. Once a calf is weaned, however, it never again puts milk into its stomach.

* Infant lions, tigers, and domestic cats rely on mother’s milk for all nourishment. When they are weaned, that comes to an end. They become meat eaters, and never drink milk again.

* Humans are the only mammals that continue to drink milk into adulthood. We become adults, able to digest strong meat, but we still want milk with that meat – or coffee – or tea.

No GERD, Heartburn, or Acid Reflux

It is thought by some that when milk is the only food in the stomach, the gastric acid is neutralized. No heartburn or GERD. Neutralized acid allows milk proteins to survive and deliver essential hormones, immunoglobulin, and lactoferrins to the body. Milk stops digestion. It puts the process on pause long enough for the survival of substances that nurture and protect infants.

But, they say, milk was created to be alone in the stomach. Milk should not be combined with animal flesh from the prey, grains, grass, insects, or any other kind of food.

Put milk in the stomach with other foods, and it will prevent the stomach from doing its designated task. GERD, heartburn, or acid reflux can result.

Caution: The author is not a medical profession. The information in this article is for educational purposes only. If you have persistent GERD or related complaints, please see a physician for advice.

CPT Code for Excision: Pathology as the Main Issue

Excision is defined as full-thickness (through the dermis) removal of a lesion, including margins, and includes simple (non-layered) closure when performed. Report each benign (or malignant) lesion excised separately. Selection of the CPT code for excision is determined by measuring the greatest diameter of the apparent lesion plus the margin required for complete excision. The margins refer to the narrowest margin required to adequately excise the lesion, based on the physician’s judgment.

Check out this three-step guide to choosing the proper lesion excision code each and every time you code.

ID Lesion Type

You can’t tell if a lesion is benign or malignant, which is why you should wait on the pathology report before choosing a CPT code for excision. Sometimes, the internist may not send the lesion to a pathologist because he is confident that the lesion is benign. When this occurs, you should choose a benign lesion excision code. Always let the physician make the final decision on lesion pathology. The coder should never, under any circumstances, decide the pathology of a lesion from the operative notes.

Pinpoint Body Area

Once you have determined lesion type, you need to locate the body area where the physician excised the lesion. For coding purposes, CPT breaks lesion excision codes into four body areas:

• trunk, arms, legs
• scalp, neck, hands, feet, genitalia
• face, ears, eyelids, nose, lips, mucous membrane
• face, ears, eyelids, nose, lips

Formulate Total Excision Area

Next, you’ll need to measure the total excision area of the lesion. Your code choice depends on the size of the lesion excision area.

Follow the proper steps toward selecting a CPT code for excision, claims can be a breeze. But if one of those steps causes you to stumble, chances are good that your code choice will be inaccurate.

How Long Can Parasites Live in Humans?

Those of you wondering just how long can parasites live in humans may be astounded by this. Parasites can actually live in us for up to 25 years. The tapeworm is the single most notorious parasite for such a long life inside its human host. During its lifetime, it can grow to 10 meters long. Flukes are other parasites that can comfortably inhabit the human body for periods of 10 to 20 years.

During this time, flukes not only increase in numbers, but also move from the abdominal cavity to other organs. Such include lungs, the liver, kidneys and lungs. Flukes are known to grown up to 3.5 inches long. Unlike tapeworms which one can easily get rid off through proper medication once detected, flukes are extremely difficult to treat and can be life threatening if present in the body in large quantities.

Ascaris are a type of parasitic roundworm that enters the human body in the egg stage. They hatch in the human body and mature adults make a home in the small intestines. While here, they produce eggs, which leave the human body through fecal matter. If basic hygiene is not observed, the eggs may soon find their way back to the human mouth and back to the small intestines and the vicious cycle of worms continues.

How long can parasites live in humans? Although this might look like a livid question, its astounding to know that even hookworms, which enter through the skin can generally live within their human hosts for up to 15 years. On average however, necator hookworms, live for a maximum five years in humans, with most dying within the first two years of infection. Ancylostma hookworms on the other hand live for a maximum of six months, which usually marks the end of their life cycle.

Unfortunately, even hookworms that die within a short time of being in the human body leave a trail of eggs or larvae, which continue dominating the human body. It takes a maximum of seven weeks for eggs to hatch, mature, mate inside the human body and lay eggs. Females are estimated to lay an average of 30,000 eggs daily. Simply put, one may never know the end of parasitic infections if they do receive the necessary medical treatment.

Many people wonder how long can parasites live in humans without being detected. Well, doctors state that the human immunity is often impervious to the presence of parasites such as tapeworms. This renders them extremely difficult to detect hence explaining their long stay in the human body. Others like hook worms can only be detected in the egg stage through a stool culture.

How To Get Rid Of Lymphedema Symptoms

If you are wondering how to get rid of lymphedema, one of the first things you will find out about this disorder is there is no cure. However, managing lymphedema is possible. Understanding the condition is key to learning how to handle the pain and swelling caused by lymphedema. Many people experience this disorder and unless it is managed properly, it will get worse.

What causes Lymphedema?

Lymphedema can affect the arms or legs and it causes swelling, which is painful and can result in limited movement. The lymphatic system does not function correctly causing fluids to gather in the tissues. The lymphatic system is critical to the circulatory system. When it becomes blocked and does not carry the excess fluids to the lymph nodes for removal from the body, lymphedema occurs.

This swelling can cause a great deal of pain in the limb or limbs that are affected. In addition, when the lymphatic system is not working correctly and fluid accumulates, people are more prone to infections such as cellulitis. This is because the lymphatic system cannot carry lymphocytes or cells that fight infection to the area of the body that is swollen. Another one of the major functions of the lymphatic system is to rid the body of wastes such as viruses and bacteria.

Lymphedema Pumps

This is why it is so important to learn how to get rid of lymphedema swelling. One of the best ways of doing so is by using a lymphedema pump. This is a major development for those with lymphedema. The pump includes an attached sleeve. When placed on the area that is swollen, it mimics the lymphatic system by rhythmically inflating and deflating. This allows the fluid to flow back into the lymphatic system as it would naturally so that it can be removed from the body.

With the development of the lymphedema pump, this disorder can now be managed at home rather than needing to make trips to a therapist for treatment. As long as the pumps are used correctly, they can be very beneficial. People can reduce swelling – one of the major symptoms of lymphedema – and live a more productive life. Their ability to move about freely can be restored and they no longer live with constant pain.

Learning how to get rid of lymphedema symptoms has other advantages. The constant swelling can cause a number of other problems. In some instances, gangrene can develop due to infections caused by the swelling. This can result in the need for amputation of the affected limb.

Doctors often recommend exercise for people with lymphedema and this is virtually impossible when they are suffering from swollen arms or legs. The pumps help to reduce swelling making it easier to exercise. The pumps are also beneficial for those who have circulation problems.

Lymphedema pumps are a fairly new discovery; however, they have already shown to be a valuable treatment for this disorder. They are easy to move from room to room and can be taken along practically anywhere you need to go since they are so lightweight. They are quiet and can be used while reading, listening to music or watching television and may be covered by your insurance plan.

Foods To Avoid If You Have Ovarian Cysts

One of the leading causes of ovary pain are ovarian cysts.  This condition can not only be the cause of extreme pain but also excessive menstrual bleeding and even infertility.  For the most part cysts are usually benign and go away on their own.  However, there are times when they do cause some problems and it is important to have them checked out.  Thus, a great way to avoid and prevent suffering from ovarian cysts altogether is to be careful of the foods you eat. There are a number of foods that should definitely be avoided and would also be beneficial for your overall health.

If you are currently suffering from ovarian cyst symptoms especially if they are painful, the food that should be eliminated from your diet as soon as possible is caffeine.  Foods such as coffee, chocolate, cola and other caffeinated carbonated soft drinks tend to irritate and exasperate this condition.  Trying to live a caffeine free diet all at once can be difficult. But, while the symptoms are present consider avoiding caffeine as much as possible then once the cysts have shrunk and/or are eliminated then you can return to including some caffeine.   

Also, alcoholic beverages should be taken in moderation and if at all possible be completely eliminated.  This is because the combination of the alcohol and the amount of sugar involved makes it very difficult for the body to process thus causing more aggravation.

Other foods to keep away from that will help to ease symptoms are red meats, eggs, fats and processed foods. These foods will not only be beneficial easing the cyst symptoms but also in overall health. 

All of these negatives foods should be replaced by the more wholesome or positive foods like raw fruits and vegetables, the dark green leafy vegetables would be best.  Other great foods to add to your diet are whole grains, legumes, garlic and beets.  Adapting to a more natural diet will not only help to ease the symptoms but also in the recurrence of cysts. 

In addition to changing to a more healthy diet is that of adding natural herbs and supplements.  A couple of recommended herbs are Echinacea to help boost the immune system and milk thistle to aid the liver in detoxification.  A few suggested supplements are Zinc, Vitamin C, B Vitamins and Antioxidants. 

In conclusion, following a more natural diet would be the best alternative to surgery or other conventional treatments.  Today more natural treatments are becoming available and are showing to be very positive and extremely effective. Visit today!

Neck pain or Cervicalgia, and the Migraine Syndrome

“My neck always hurts. Sometimes it kills me so bad, I cannot think and have to go lie down. It all started when I injured my neck years ago. When I get stressed out it is the worst. Well, it doesn’t take much to stress me out nowadays. It’s always the back of my head and neck. I wish I could cut it out. Then maybe I could think and remember better. The last time I had a massage she said my neck and shoulders were the tightest she had seen in months! Nothing seems to help for any length of time. I’m so frustrated!”

This is a very common presentation of the migraine syndrome []. Frequently their problems are compounded by overmedication—either by self-medicating or prescription drugs. Often there is a history of injury to the neck, for example, whiplash. Often they have been to the chiropractor and have been told there neck is so far out of alignment that the curve in the neck is reversed. The curve in the neck is straightened or reversed because of painful spasm. The trigeminal nerve (sensation of the face) and the cervical (neck) nerves are adjacent to each other in the brain stem (the base of the brain). What affects one affects the other. Migraineurs who smoke usually will develop neck problems. It is absolutely essential for the migraineur who smokes to abstain! Smoke is a smell. The sensitivity to the smell is the problem! Also secondhand smoke and perfumes are major problems. The patient can develop extreme sensitivity to stress and after years with frequently develop fibromyalgia.

Neck pain can be debilitating and frustrating. The migraine syndrome makes neck pain make sense. No matter what underlying conditions are there, the migraine syndrome can make it worse. This person falls into the migraine syndrome profile. Let me explain what I mean by the migraine syndrome. It is the outward expression of the body’s sensitivity to light, sound, smell, food, and/or stress. Some people are more sensitive than others; therefore, their reactions to different stimuli are greater. This sensitivity can be manifested in the body as migraines, sinus headaches, neck aches, palpitations, irritable bowel syndrome, motion sickness or vertigo, reactive hypoglycemia, temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ), panic attacks, and/or fibromyalgia. Now that’s a mouthful! Understanding what is going on with you is very important in the healing process.

Stroke And Its Prevention

1. Cerebral insufficiency or lack of blood supply to a specific part of the brain.

2. Cerebral infarction caused by a thrombus (a blood clot formed within the heart or a blood vessel, and is usually caused by a slowing of the circulation or some alteration in the walls of the blood vessels). Can also be caused by an embolism, which is a fragment of matter that originates in another part of the body and is circulated to the brain.

3. Cerebral hemorrhage caused by an aneurysm which is a widening or ballooning out of part of a blood vessel, possibly due to a congenital defect in a blood vessel in the brain. A sudden bursting of this aneurysm and the resultant hemorrhage causes the stroke.

Although stroke usually affects those age 50 and above, it can strike anyone at any age depending on the causative factors involved. A youngster with an unknown congenital aneurysm of a blood vessel in the brain is at risk during the exertion of playing sports. A young woman who uses contraceptive pills and is a smoker is also at risk. The risk factors for all will be discussed later in this article. Diagnosing the stroke patient is usually done according to symtomatology. Usually the patient has hypertension (high blood pressure), a high cholesterol count causing atherosclerosis, causing a clogging of blood vessels, and may be a diabetic. Those cases in which there is a doubt, a CT scan or an arteriograph may be required before the diagnosis is definitive. A stroke can occur during sleep, or anytime during waking hours no matter if you are engaged in a sports activity, or sitting at the dinner table. There can be very minor strokes and may not be apparent to the patient at the time of occurrence. These "mini-strokes" are called "TIAs", or transient ischemic attacks. The patient can undergo several such attacks lasting 2-3 minutes or up to 30 minutes, on a daily basis, or have just a few over several years. At times a TIA can occur shortly before a complete stroke. Prevention of strokes is of course paramount in a healthy lifestyle. Knowing your body is of the utmost importance and adjusting your way of living to include the following can save your life:

1. Stop smoking and your risk of having a stroke drops almost immediately. The damage caused by smoking can be corrected in about 5 to 7 years.
2. Drink alcohol in moderation. No more than 2 drinks daily.
3. Reduce your salts. Sodium causes fluids to build up in the tissues.
4. Reduce eating too many fats, especially animal fats and many saturated fats found in dairy products and most junk foods.
5. Check and control your blood sugar.
6. If you are overweight, lose the excess pounds.
7. Check your blood pressure regularly. If you find it high for more than a week, be sure to have your physician check it out.
8. Check your pulse regularly. If you find you have irregular heartbeats have it checked immediately. The irregular heartbeats are caused by atrial fibrillation. This causes blood to pool at the bottom of the atrium and can cause clots going up through the carotid artery into the brain.
9. Exercise regularly and stay active. Walk instead of driving if at all possible. Walk up and down the stairs instead of using the elevator whenever it is convenient.
Recognizing the signs of a stroke can save your life or someone else's life, and even prevent complete or partial paralysis. These are the signs to look for:

1. Sudden severe headache that can be excruciating.
2. A sudden blurring or decreased vision in one or both eyes, but usually in one eye only.
3. Sudden numbness or weakness in your face, arm, or leg, occurring usually on one side of the body.
4. Sudden loss of speech, slurred speech, or difficulty in understanding speech.
5. Sudden difficulty in walking or keeping your balance.
6. Difficulty coordinating an arm movement or holding an object in your hand without dropping it.

There is now a treatment to prevent the severe damage caused by the after affects of a stroke. There is only a 3-hour window of opportunity in which the treatment must be given, if the stroke is to be minimized. This treatment is usually given in emergency stroke centers. The treatment is an injection of a drug called "tPA". Therefore, upon recognizing the symptoms of a possible stroke, even if they seem to disappear, whether it is in yourself or anyone in your presence, CALL 911 immediately. When the "Para-Medics" arrive they will evaluate the patient and determine if the patient needs to be transported to an Emergency "Brain Attack" Center. The "Brain Attack" center team is composed of a Cardiologist, Neurologist, Radiologist (for Ct scan), Pharmacist, and a Nurse Technician. This team will determine if the patient has indeed suffered a blood clot stroke. If this is the case, they will administer the "tPA" drug by injection. If the patient has been more than 3 hours in getting to the center, the drug will not be administered, because the window of opportunity has been passed and the drug will not be effective. You can see the importance of immediate action when the symptoms of stroke are present. Do not ignore them even if they seem to ease up or go away entirely. Getting the necessary treatment within the 3-hour window can save the patient untold misery and possibly death. The treatment will lessen the degree of paralysis and loss of speech and make recovery quicker and more complete.

Typical Symptoms Of Dermoid Cysts

Most people know someone who’ve had a dermoid cyst. These are very odd type of cysts. They come from tissue that’s developed from early stages of development, when the woman was with a fetus, so these cells have the potential – something like stem cells that you read about; they have the potential to become other types of cells. In dermoid cysts, these cells can develop into all types of tissue. I’ve seen them, most commonly they form hair. I’ve seen one that had a row of teeth, if you can believe that. They can have bone – basically anything that looks like – that appear in the human body, they can form. And more importantly is they also accumulate fluid most of the time. So they tend to by cystic and solid, and they’re called dermoid cysts. These are almost always benign. Ninety-nine percent of them in all age groups are benign. There’s a small percentage that are cancerous, but again, that’s rare.

So, we’ve got endometriomas, dermoid cysts, and I think the next type that’s probably gonna be most familiar to women are polycystic ovaries. In fact, a lot of women will say, well the doctor told me I’ve got cystic ovaries or polycystic ovaries. This is kind of a bad term, but it’s stuck around since probably in the 1930’s. There was a syndrome by Stein that’s called Stein, S-t-e-i-n, Leventhal, L-e-v-e-n-t-h-a-l, Syndrome that was described in the ’30s. And it was – it’s an array of symptoms that actually accompany these polycystic ovaries. And sometimes the odd thing is the cystic ovaries aren’t there. But originally it was reported, and they have certain things such as the women typically do not have – they’re not fertile. Many times they don’t have regular periods, called anovulatory cycles, no periods. Or they could have very irregular periods.

Typically – probably one of the most typical symptoms is hirsutism, where the women develop a male pattern of hair distribution, and can be over a – usually it’s a fairly longer period of time, where you get central hair distribution, facial hair. And certainly every woman that hears this, and she sees that she’s got a hair on her skin and chin shouldn’t think that she’s got Stein-Leventhal syndrome. But the hirsutism is probably one of the number one symptoms that cause a lot of women to go to a doctor or a gynecologist.

She’s probably been using various creams. She might even have tried electrolysis, and the hairiness, if you will, gets substantially worse, and she ultimately goes in. So we’ve got the hirsutism, we’ve got the irregular cycles associated with infertility. The other major point about this polycystic ovary which Manhatten OB/GYN Christopher Freville refers to along with infertility, is obesity. Many, a large percentage of women are obese, body mass index is, I think it’s greater than 30, meaning basically they’re overweight, and oftentimes substantially so.

And then you’ve also got some other symptoms that are not as readily available, but one of the associate symptoms or complexes associated with this that’s been more recently looked at is diabetes. That women with this so-called polycystic ovary disease have a difficulty with their insulin not reacting properly, or high insulin levels. And these are treatable, but until they understand the insulin problem by having it diagnosed, they probably don’t know they have it.

So you’ve got this polycystic ovary disease, if you will, which isn’t contagious. It again has the – the thing that we’re including it in this discussion is because the cysts are there, oftentimes they can’t really be felt on exam. They are very small, maybe one or two centimeters.

Type 2 Diabetes – Silent Heart Attacks in Diabetics

In the last few decades, the number of deaths due to heart disease has fallen dramatically. This no doubt is due to all kinds of new treatments plus improved diets. Unfortunately, the massive increase in the number of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes is expected for the next few decades, may reverse this trend.

Heart attacks are one of the most serious complications of diabetes. Unfortunately people with diabetes are frequently unable to feel the pain that indicates a heart attack. High levels of certain fats in the blood can clog blood vessels, leading to heart attacks.

In an article reported in MEDICC Review in January 2011, researchers at the National Clinical Research Center in Cuba, reported the results of a study of blood fats and silent heart attacks in diabetics.

This particular study included 220 Type 2 diabetics who had no history of chest pains. EKG's radiologic tests and angiography were used to detect which diabetics had suffered a heart attack without realizing it.

  • just over 29 per cent of these diabetics were found to have areas of the heart which were not getting enough blood, and
  • 68.4 per cent had clogged arteries trying to feed their heart muscles.

Those with silent heart disease had:

  • higher levels of cholesterol,
  • higher levels of LDL, or "bad" cholesterol, and
  • higher blood fats than those with healthy hearts.

The participants with heart problems usually had:

  • HDL or "good" cholesterol levels of 44 mg / dl or less,
  • LDL or "bad" cholesterol of more than 119.9 mg / dl, and
  • blood fats of over 107.2 mg / d.

Low HDL with high blood fats was a particularly unhealthy combination.

The above study was consistent with values ​​used by the Mayo Clinic to identify people at risk for a heart attack. The Mayo Clinic considers:

  • HDL levels of below 40 mg / dl for men and below 50 mg / dl for women to place patients at risk.
  • the clinic's target value for HDL is 60 mg / dl for both men and women.

To raise your HDL level:

  • take in healthy fats such as olive and canola oils, and a small amount of nuts and soybeans.
  • avoid saturated fats, or those that are solid at room temperature, such as butter, margarine, and animals fats.

Even quitting smoking can raise your HDL level by as much as 10 per cent. While smoking has many adverse effects on people who do not have diabetes, these effects have been found to be even worse in people with diabetes.

  • Physical activity can also raise your HDL level, so take a walk during your lunch break. Cut out a half hour of television viewing or sitting at the computer every day to go for a brisk walk.
  • If you are overweight or obese, losing 6 pounds (2.73 kg) can raise your HDL levels by as much as 1 mg / dl.

Many of the same methods of lowering HDL also lower blood fats. Normalizing weight, moderate activity, and replacing saturated with unsaturated fats in your diet can help both.

In addition, eating foods high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as flax seed oil, can help to lower blood fat levels. Making some simple changes can make a big difference to your risk of heart disease.

Heart Disease – Some Important Preventive Measures

Heart disease is one of the most severe and deadly disease which is responsible for the death of millions of people all across the world. Millions of people die because of different heart diseases and problems every year. If you do not want to be the one out of those millions who lost their lives because of heart disease then you must take some preventive measures from your part in order to safeguard yourself from deadly heart diseases. Following are some preventive measures which you must take in order to protect yourself from heart diseases.

First of all you need to avoid or completely give up smoking if you do. Being a smoker, people listen to the phrase 'quit smoking' thousands of times in their life but never take it seriously but may be now it is time that you do take this important phase seriously for the sake of the good health of your hearth. Quitting smoking will promote a healthier heart inside you and it will ensure that there are very minimal, chances that you would face any of the heart disease in the years to come.

Then you need to stay physically active that means regular exercise should be an important part of your everyday routine. Exercises are not only beneficial for your heart but it is important for your overall well being and physical fitness as well. What else do you need then being in a good shape along with cutting off your chances of being a heart patient? Think about it!

Another preventive measure which you must take from your part in order to avoid heart disease is that you must consume a balanced and nutritious diet. The energy provided to the body from the foods we consume directly effects on all the complex functions a body is performing inside. Consuming unhealthy saturated foods or sugar would do nothing but to make your body weak from inside. Once your immune system becomes weak then you are an open treat to heart diseases and other ailments and disorders as well. Try to consume lots of vegetables, whole grains, fruits, fish, legumes, and low-fat dairy products in order to stay on the safe side.

Lastly, do not just assume that you are a healthy individual, get regular screenings. Your blood pressure needs a check at least once in a couple of month along with the blood cholesterol levels that should be checked once in a year at least.

Take some preventive measures from your side and I can assure that your heart will remain safe and healthy for a long period of time.

Oral Thrush Symptoms

Whenever you, and the family, are affected by a serious yeast infection inside your mouth area, at times it’s tough to know just exactly what the oral thrush symptoms are. As soon as the infection first begins it is sometimes difficult to spot the symptoms, yet if it is lingering it will likely be unmistakable there’s a problem. It is very important you care for the ailment when you can, because waiting around will only increase the risk for the condition much worse.

The most common oral thrush symptoms include white creamy lesions all over the tongue, around the insides of your cheeks, and will occasionally on the roof of the mouth, your tonsils and your gums. The lesions can be described as having a cottage cheeselike appearance about them. If you rub or scraped the lesions, they will bleed a bit.

Normally, oral thrush symptoms involve lots of pain, with a noticeably “cotton-like” feeling inside your mouth. You will certainly experience a loss of taste as your sense of taste and smell begin to lessen. Many people get a dryness and cracking in the edges of the mouth.

Not dealt with, these lesions can sometimes spread down into your esophagus (the long muscular tube you utilize to swallow) sometimes the sensation of having a serious case of oral infection in the throat can feel like there’s something big trapped, or you have a trouble in swallowing.

For moms that are nursing, it isn’t unusual to discover white creamy lesions in the little one’s mouth. If the infant doesn’t want to feed, you need to explore the back of their throat to be sure they’ve got no detectable oral thrush symptoms.

Should your baby have thrush, it’s likely the two of you are passing it back and forth from the breasts to their mouth area. Ordinarily, your nipples can become very itchy, red and sensitive. And also the epidermis of your nipples can be click here shiny. It will likely be hurtful for you to breast feed, as both of your nipples will likely hurt between each feeding. Some women experience the stabbing deep pain inside their breasts.

If you are going through oral thrush symptoms, it is commonly a signal you have a compromised immune system, or maybe are afflicted by an underlying affliction, such as diabetes. Taking heavy prescription medications occasionally reduces the body’s natural means of trying to keep the Candida infection in check.

You will find different ways of managing oral thrush symptoms, by taking an aggressive strategy at the Candida yeast infection. You will find lotions and creams at your local drug store or on the web. Furthermore, taking all natural herbs supplements has been shown to combat your oral yeast infection. When buying an over-the-counter remedy, taking a supplement or using a ointment, be sure to use it exactly as directed.

If you tried an all-natural approach to managing the thrush symptoms , and found it to not have it positive results, it could be time for you to go to your medical professional. Visiting your physician’s office will give you the opportunity to make certain it is only a weakened immune system and not anything more serious.