Hypnagogic Hallucinations

Hypnagogic hallucination is the term which is used to define the state of mind when a person sees or hears things when he or she’s asleep. Most of the times these dreams are quite frightening which stimulate the person with fear, a sudden arousal or a jerk just before he or she’s about to sleep. For instance, many people dream of falling from height and suddenly wake up with a jerk. Although you tend to associate it with a dream but the environment is actually a hallucination. Situations like lack of sleep, illness or overdose of medicines, erratic sleep schedules can cause hypnagogic hallucinations.

These hallucinations usually take place at the horizon of sleepiness and waking. They usually occur when a person is either about to fall asleep or is about to wake up. These hallucinations are quite vivid and are not very clear to the person. Although many of us experience such hallucinations once or twice in our lifetimes but if these hallucinations occur frequently, they can certainly target at being an illness which needs to be treated medically.

Some of the common situations which are seen as the hallucinations are falling from height when the person suddenly wakes up with a jerk to avoid hitting the ground or situations when the person can actually hear people talking around him or her, the feeling of someone’s presence in the room, a feeling that the person is submerged in a water body, etc are all experienced by many people undergoing the symptoms of hypnagogic hallucinations. However, these hallucinations can be really frightening for many people experiencing them.

Why these hypnagogic hallucinations are caused still remains to be a topic of debate. It is most common with people having sleep disorders but it can also take place as an effect of overdose of any medicine. Thus one must see a doctor if he or she experiences such hallucinations.

Hepatitis C Symptoms Can Lie Dormant For many years

Hepatitis c symptoms are somewhat of an enigma because frequently they never appear and, when they do, they can take years to present themselves. There are three different types of hepatitis, namely A, B, and C. All affect the liver by causing severe inflammation. Causes may include poisons or toxins, certain medications, and alcoholism. Hepatitis c is a result of the C virus (HCV).

If the inflammation can’t be controlled, the condition will be termed ‘chronic’. This means that it’ll turn into a long-term problem. When it reaches this stage, patients are at risk of severe liver disease which can lead to death. Of all hepatitis infections, seventy-five percent are hepatitis C. The condition can cause liver failure and, if this occurs, a liver transplant is the last hope .

Hepatitis C, like A and B, is very contagious. Transmission occurs via blood and the most common cause is the sharing of contaminated needles by drug addicts. An individual could have injected a recreational drug intravenously just once in their lives and be at risk of developing the condition.

Other reasons for transmission, even though less widespread, are from mother to child during childbirth, having multiple sex partners, or having sex with an infected partner. Sharing personal things like nail clippers, eating utensils, and razors with an infected person will put you at risk of developing the disease. On the other hand, you can not get it by living with, or touching, someone with hepatitis .

The disturbing factor about hepatitis C is that 80 percent of people with it have no idea that they are infected. That is mainly because it doesn’t usually present symptoms and, when it does, these could possibly occur as long as 20 years after initial exposure. Also, the symptoms might be mild, vague, and erratic. By the time they do appear, serious liver damage has already occurred.

Occasionally, symptoms are shown within the early phase of infection. They normally happen 5-12 weeks after exposure to the virus. They can very best be described as typical flu symptoms. Typical ones consist of vomiting, nausea, loss of appetite, diarrhea, pain under the right side of the rib cage, fatigue, pale stools, dark colored urine, and jaundice.

Cirrhosis of the liver can typically occur with chronic cases of HCV. This is a condition that generally affects alcoholics. If cirrhosis develops, further damage occurs simply because tough fibrous tissue replaces the liver’s healthy tissues. Over time, this will cause complete liver failure and loss of all the organ’s functions. Symptoms of cirrhosis include confusion, hallucinations, vomiting blood, fluid retention, weight loss, persistent jaundice, itchy skin, swelling of the limbs and belly, and sleep disturbances .

As mentioned earlier, hepatitis c symptoms don’t always present themselves early, if at all, as a result this disease might be known as a silent killer. Anybody who has it can manage it with some necessary lifestyle changes. A healthy diet is important, as is regular exercise, and medical support. Additionally, alcohol need to be avoided completely. Further liver damage may be prevented if this regime is adhered to. It is also advisable to be vaccinated against the B and A viruses.

If you want to find out additional resources in relation to hepatitis or perhaps about hepatitis c symptoms you need to pay a visit to this web site http://www.e-hepatitis-c.com

Treatment of Femoral Hernias

In spite of empiric treatment methods of using a truss to support the abdominal wall, femoral hernias are only curable by surgical means. The hernia will only get worse and must be operated to prevent strangulation.

Usually, the surgical intervention for repairing femoral hernias is an easy one; but patients must give their consent before surgery and must be aware of all possible risks, side-effects and complications. The patient will not be forced to stay overnight after operation. He will choose together with the surgeon the type of anesthesia required. Reducing a femoral hernia can occur under total or local anesthesia.

There are two available surgical methods today. The traditional incision is about 10 cm long and requires opening of the femoral channel to push the content back into the abdomen. The weakened area of ​​the canal must be sewed to prevent recurrence and an additional nylon mesh could be useful to strengthen the femoral canal. The second option is the mini invasive laparoscopic surgery.

In case of a strangled hernia, the patient must longer stay in the hospital as the dead intestinal fragment must be removed and a connection established between two bowel endings. Persons can go home after they recover from anesthesia and those with general anesthesia must be supervised by family or friends in the next period of time. A program for stitching and bathing will be explained by a nurse and the patient must return in 6 weeks for control.

In the next days patients must take some painkillers and avoid physical effort. Some area discomfort may persist a few weeks after surgery. Patients might also feel sick while recovering from a general anesthesia or because of the administered painkillers.

Very few complications have been registered after hernia surgery, most of them due to unexpected reactions to the anesthetics. Such side-effects can be bleedings, forming of blood cloths, infections. Venous thrombosis usually occurs in the legs and can be treated by patients wearing compression stockings during surgery.

Very rare specific complications of femoral hernias interventions are different accidental damages to the internal organs nearby. This will need a larger incision to repair all damages caused. Abdominal bruising can also appear but it usually settles without intervention. Patients must talk to their doctors and be aware of how this procedure will influence their own health and lifestyle. The surgical conclusion depends on the state of the hernia and on the patient's general health.

You can try to avoid femoral hernias by taking frequent physical exercise, following a healthy diet to avoid constipation, not smoking, keeping a normal body weight and using lifting equipment to save yourself from heavy objects.

Brain Injuries – How Can You Be Affected?

Although it may not seem something you need to worry about, impact brain injuries are unfortunately all too common. Impact brain injures are also something that can happen at any time, for example at work, or when walking down the street. An impact brain injury is a bang to the head that causes the brain to move within the skull and is assessed in different degrees of severity. What's more if you are thinking of legal action related to this type of injury you will need to deal with a specialist brain injury lawyer in order to receive the maximum level of compensation possible.

A skull fracture is when the skull is broken or crushed due to impact. The damage can range from a simple linear fracture, which should not require surgery, to depressed and basilar fractures that often lead to hospitalisation, surgery and observation. What's more skull fractures can result in open head injuries or closed head injuries depending on the severity of the impact. Of course all of these fractures can be temporary, leaving no lasting brain damage, or can lead to lasting brain damage.

Brain injuries come in three states of severity: mild, moderate, or severe. It should be apparent that each level of severity is worse than the one preceding it. Mild brain injury is an impact that temporarily alters the victim's mental status at time of injury. For example you may fall unconscious or experience profound confusion. Recovery from mild brain injury is extremely likely.

Moderate brain injury can also be recovered from easily although there will be some ongoing treatment. This level of injury is accompanied by physical, cognitive or behavioural impairments, which can usually be overcome. For example, Alan, aged 53, fell 30 feet whilst cleaning windows at a shopping centre. He suffered a severe fracture and a psychological reaction. However with expert treatment, including occupational therapy and rehabilitation, he can now lead a relatively normal and rewarding life.

Severe brain injury leads to long-term damage and may result in the patient losing consciousness, or entering a coma, for days, weeks or months. Stephen suffered a severe brain injury after being hit by a taxi when leaving a nightclub. Unfortunately the severity of the impact means that he can no longer speak or swallow and has to be fed through a feeding tube. He will also need 24-hour care for the rest of his life.

The main problem with any kind of brain injury is that it can fairly difficult to find the expert legal advice that you will need in order to receive the right level of compensation. Without a specialist brain injury lawyer, who knows the effect of damage and legislation surrounding brain injuries, you are likely to find yourself going round in legal circles. In fact both of the case studies mentioned above were mired in a legal purgatory until they approached a specialist brain injury lawyer.

Brain injury lawyers provide expert advice on brain injuries in general and can also provide information on specialist brain injury lawyers should you need one in the future.

Complete Information on Dent Disease With Treatment and Prevention

Dent disease is a genetic kind of liberal renal bankruptcy. It is one reason of Fanconi syndrome, and is characterized by tubular proteinuria, hypercalciuria, calcium nephrolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and chronic renal bankruptcy. Because of its rather rare occurrence, Dent’s disease is often diagnosed as idiopathic hypercalciuria, i.e. excess calcium in urine with undetermined causes. It is due to mutations that inactivate a voltage-gated chloride channel, named CLC-5, which is expressed in the kidney and is encoded by a gene at Xp11.22. The condition is familial, affecting both males and females in equal numbers, but males are more severely affected than females. In males, it tends to present in childhood or early adult life with symptoms of renal calculi, rickets or even with renal failure.

The clinical presentation is often insidious with the majority of patients remaining asymptomatic throughout childhood. Dent’s disease often produces symptoms of extreme thirst combined with dehydration which leads to frequent urination, impaired urinary acidification, hypercalciuria, kidney stones. Because it is an X-linked recessive disorder, only males are affected with the disease, whereas females are asymptomatic carriers. The males are prone to manifesting symptoms in early adulthood with symptoms of calculi, rickets or even with renal failure in more severe cases. The nephrolithiasis associated with Dent’s disease usually takes the form of nephrocalcinosis. It is thought that the decline in renal function may be partially due to the infection and obstruction associated with nephrocalcinosis. Dent’s disease may also be associated with kaliuresis, phosphaturia, uricosuria.

There is no agreed-upon handling of Dent’s disease and no therapy has been officially accepted. Thiazide diuretics which have been used with success in reducing the calcium production in urine, but they are too known to induce hypokalemia. For patients with osteomalacia, vitamin D or derivatives have been employed, apparently with success. In rats with diabetes insipidus thiazide diuretics inhibit the NaCl co-transporter in the renal distal convoluted tubule leading indirectly to less water and solutes being delivered to the distal tubule. A high citrate diet preserved renal function and delayed progress of renal disease. Amiloride which also increases distal tubular calcium reabsorption and has been used as a therapy for idiopathic hypercalciuria.

Trigeminal Neuralgia – Intense Face Pain Can Be Successfully Treated

Frederick Law Olmsted (1822 -1903) was a United States landscape architect, famous for designing many well-known urban parks, including Central Park in New York City. He was also known to have suffered intensely from Trigeminal neuralgia most of his life. Before the turn of the century, there was no relief. But thankfully today, new treatments offer patients relief and a better quality of life. Of course, this information is by no means exhaustive or all-inclusive, and you are encouraged to discuss any specific concerns or questions with a qualified surgeon.

What is Trigeminal Neuralgia?

Also known as TN or Tic Douloureux, Trigeminal Neuralgia is a debilitating disorder of the Trigeminal nerve, the fifth of the 12 cranial nerves. This nerve provides sensation to the face, teeth, mouth and nose. Different people with TN may experience stabbing, unbearable pain in different parts of the face. Some patients are misdiagnosed as having a toothache and end up having unnecessary root canal or tooth extraction. Even an act as ordinary as chewing food or brushing teeth can trigger intense and insufferable facial pain.

How is Trigeminal Neuralgia Diagnosed?

Diagnosing Trigeminal Neuralgia is difficult because there are no definitive diagnostic tests. Physicians typically diagnose TN based upon the patient's description of the facial pain and tests that rule out other causes of facial pain, such as TMJ, shingles, multiple sclerosis or tumors. This is where experience in diagnosing TN is important. Finding a doctor who has the experience is key to both a proper diagnosis as well as the right approach to relieving TN.

What to look for in a Center for TN Treatment

In looking for a clinic, hospital or center for best treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia, here's what you need to look for:

o Physician experience. Since TN is not a definitive diagnosis and often requires more than one medical treatment approach, it's best to seek a neurosurgeon who is very familiar with TN and has extensive experience in treating the condition.

o A center that provides a multi- modality approach. You do not want to be jetting from one hospital or clinic to the next in search of an answer or to get different treatments. There are places that offer the benefit of a complete treatment plan, integrating all treatment options, that can be implemented and overseen, in one place. TN is stressful enough without having to book hotels and make arrangements for different cities and states.

o Up-to-date technology and approaches. This includes a Gamma Knife, the newest tool in the fight against TN. Ironically, there is no surgical knife involved with Gamma Knife treatment.

Treatment Options

Patients are treated for Trigeminal neuralgia using all available treatment options or a combination, including the newest tool, the Gamma Knife. Patients may have one or a combination of the following proven treatments:

o Medication- The first line of treatment for TN is generally medication. Anticonvulsants are frequently used and are effective for many patients but must be tailored to the patient's medical condition, age and general medical status. This includes kidney and liver function since many of these medications may have effects with long-term use on kidney and liver function if they are not closely monitored.

o Surgery- Trigeminal Glycerol Rhizolysis (TGR- TN) – This is a same-day procedure. After being sedated, patients are placed on the operating table and a special x-ray device is used to help the neurosurgeon insert the needle through your mouth. The needle is advanced until it reaches a small pocket of fluid surrounding the Trigeminal nerve. Injecting the right amount of Glycerol is crucial. And you will have had enough of the "cocktail" sedation to the point you could care less if the nurses start dancing on your belly with golf spikes (they never do this, by the way).

o Surgery- Microvascular Decompression (MVD-TN ) – Considered the most invasive form of surgical treatment for Trigeminal Neuralgia, it is also the procedure with the highest success rate. Since this is an invasive procedure, it is reserved for patients who are in generally good health without major medical problems and patients must have general anesthesia. Basically, it's a procedure whereby a neurosurgeon makes an incision through the back of the ear, goes through the skull and elevates a blood vessel off of the Trigeminal nerve and places a synthetic barrier between the nerve and the vessel so that it no longer pulsates on the brain stem.

o Non-Invasive Surgery- Gamma Knife Treatment- The Gamma Knife (GK) is not really a knife or surgery at all but a non-invasive, outpatient procedure that focuses extremely precise cobalt radiation beams on the target area. It is the high tech of technology. Individual beams are too weak to damage healthy tissue, but very powerful when they simultaneously merge at a single focal point. Most patients have brain surgery with the GK and go home in time that day for dinner. It is a very effective and non-invasive treatment for TN. Basically, it works by changing the nerve path that conducts the pain.

This is simply an overview of what is available for getting treatment and relief from the debilitating pain of Trigeminal Neuralgia. The good news is that one or a combination of these treatments works to relieve the condition for most people. Sometimes the treatment does not last forever and patients need to go back for more treatment years later, but typically when this is the case, it is successful the next round as well.

If you or someone you know wants more information in patient-speak, I've provided a link below to a guide for people suffering from TN with more detail than I have provided here. No one should think they have to suffer from this unbearable facial pain. There is relief.

Common Signs and Symptoms of Barium Poisoning and its treatment

Barium is valuable in many industries that make use of heavy metal because it can remove traces of oxygen in some chemical compounds. It also increases the luster of glass. However, barium is explosive and can react violently when mixed with water. Also, it cannot be digested by the body; barium can be poisonous if the amount the body contains exceeds tolerable levels.

Common barium salt is barium chloride, barium carbonate, barium acetate, barium nitrate, barium sulfate, etc.. Food-borne poisoning is mainly barium chloride and barium carbonate. Barium salt of toxicity related to their solubility, the higher solubility, the stronger toxicity. Such as the solubility of barium chloride was significantly higher than the insoluble barium carbonate, its toxicity was also significantly greater than barium carbonate. Barium carbonate in under the action of acid into barium chloride and show its toxicity. The barium sulfate is not soluble in water, therefore nontoxic role.

At low doses, barium ions act as a muscle stimulant, whereas higher doses affect the nervous system, causing cardiac irregularities, tremors, weakness, anxiety, dyspnea and paralysis. This may be due to the ability of Ba2+ to block potassium ion channels, which are critical to the proper function of the nervous system. Other target organs for water-soluble barium compounds (i.e., barium ions) are eyes, immune system, heart, respiratory system, and skin. They affect the body strongly, causing, for example, blindness and sensitization.

When barium accumulates in the body, it usually affects the functions of the nervous system. Barium poisoning displays symptoms that are similar to flu, which is why it is not strange to find the condition misdiagnosed as flu. Common symptoms of barium poisoning include:

1. Muscle weakness and tremors
2. Difficulty in breathing
3. Stomach irritations accompanied by diarrhea
4. Anxiety
5. Cardiac irregularities such as abnormally high blood pressure and rapid heartbeat
6. Paralysis

Barium may be inhaled as a gas, especially in an enclosed space where the levels may become toxic. Take the victim out into fresh air where there is plenty of oxygen to breathe. If the victim has stopped breathing, administer CPR and make sure that his mouth and nose are clear.

If the victim has swallowed barium, you can induce vomiting by sticking a finger down her throat. This will get any unabsorbed portions of barium out of the body and prevent the condition from getting worse. It’s usually most effective when performed within one hour of ingesting the barium. Contact a local poison center for further directions; they may have specific recommendations for your case.

Mix one tablespoon of Epsom salts in a glass of water and get the victim to drink it. The sulfates will bond with the barium in the victim’s system, rendering it less toxic and allowing the body to expel it with less damage. The victim should be conscious and able to take liquids if you choose to do this. Never try to force liquid down the throat of someone who has lost consciousness.

Heartburn Ulcer

At one point or other in our lives we have all experienced some form of heartburn. The effects of heartburn may be mild or frequent and painful, but they are symptoms that we can ease. There is however, an unfortunate side effect that can occur due to frequent heartburn irritations. This complication is a heartburn ulcer.

What exactly is heartburn ulcer? A heartburn ulcer occurs when the lining of the esophagus deteriorates due to the effects of the stomach acid that has been repeatedly refluxed into the esophagus. Due to the corrosive effect the acid has on the esophagus lining,a hole is burned through the lower section of the esophagus.

Heartburn ulcers are usually located in the lower section of the esophagus and they are sometimes connected to GERD disease. Gerd is chronic gastroesophageal reflux disease. There is a possibility that someone told you that heartburn ulcers are contagious. This is a myth. You cannot catch heartburn ulcers from anyone. A heartburn ulcer is usually a symptom of another problem.

As heartburn ulcers erode the lining of the esophagus, there is a strong possibility of bleeding occurring. This condition may lead to iron deficiency anemia. So what are the causes of heartburn ulcer?

The main cause of heartburn ulcers is the destruction of the esophagus lining by the H. Pyloridus bacteria. H. Pyloridus bacteria are usually found in the stomach. When the stomach acid reflux back into the esophagus the H. Pyloridus bacteria is usually brought into contact with the esophagus. Repeated acid reflux will bring a high amount of stomach H. Pyloridus bacteria into the esophagus where it will be strong enough to begin eating away at the esophagus lining. Paving the way for a heartburn ulcer.

There are other causes that can develop heartburn ulcers. These include the continuous usage of anti-inflammatory medications, smoking and use of cigarettes and nicotine products as well as tobacco chewing.

The digestive disorders of GERD and Bulimia are also thought to have connections with heartburn ulcer.

For a person suffering from a heartburn ulcer how can it be diagnosed? Your doctor will refer you to a gastroenterologist. A barium x-ray or endoscopy will be taken to see if you do indeed have a heartburn ulcer.

The main complications that heartburn ulcer sufferers have, are bleeding and perforation of the esophagus. Luckily heartburn ulcers can be treated. The underlying cause of the problem must first be found and then treatment may be started. Some of the common treatments that are used are antibiotics to eradicate H. pyloridus.

What is Metabolic Syndrome?

The term metabolic syndrome has been discussed in the news periodically when referring to the health of an individual, but what exactly is it? According to the Mayo Clinic the syndrome has to do with a group of conditions that occur together that increase your risk of heart disease, stroke and diabetes.

Despite this definition, there are still disagreements on exactly what the syndrome entails, or whether or not it exists. In fact these risk factors have been referred to by other names such as syndrome X and insulin resistance syndrome.

However, regardless of what the risk factors are called, they have become more common, which explains the need to address them.

Metabolic Syndrome Risk Factors List

As it was stated, there are several risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. The following are the conditions commonly cited.

Obesity or Overweight This condition is the most common symptom of the syndrome. The excess weight is characterized by a apple-shaped body type or a high BMI. More to the point, this is when the excess fat is stored largely around the abdominal area of ​​your body. Even though this is a typical sign of the syndrome, you can still be of normal weight and be diagnosed with the condition.

Age Your age plays a factor in developing the condition, with the risk of the development of the syndrome increasing as you grow older. People over 50 have a higher percentage of risk then the general population, with women having a greater percentage then men.

High Blood Sugar High blood sugar or glucose levels is another major cause in the development of the syndrome. This is because insulin resistance, which can develop out of high blood sugar, is considered a major risk factor to the development of type 2 diabetes.

High Cholesterol High cholesterol can lead to development of plaque on the walls of your arteries. When this happens, early signs of heart problems will be present, which can lead to coronary heart disease.

Sedentary Lifestyle Individuals who abstain from any type of vigorous physical activity shows increase risks for the syndrome. Because of the lack of demands placed on the body, this sedentary lifestyle causes your body to work less efficiently when it comes to metabolizing your food energy, which opens it up to developing problems such as high cholesterol and high blood pressure, to name a few .

Preventing Metabolic Syndrome

Metabolic syndrome is largely preventable because the majority of the risk factors can be overcome with changes in your behavior. For instance, eating more fruits and vegetables, and staying away from fatty meats can help you to lose weight and lower your cholesterol levels.

Equally important is staying active by increasing your physical activity. Turning off the television and going for a brisk walk can do wonders for your heart, as well as your mood, and thus help to lower your risk of developing the syndrome.

Even though initially these changes may not be easy, they will in the long run save you from needless suffering and medical expenses.

Diabetes – Can it Be Reversed?

Diabetes. It has an effect on most every part of your body, if you have it. A lot of people have diabetes and don’t even know it. Even greater amounts of people have pre-diabetes, and don’t even have a clue that they are at risk for diabetes! Want to prevent, reduce, or eliminate diabetes and its’ horrible effects?

There is a way. It is not an overnight method, or a super pill that you take and diabetes just goes away. You will actually have to work at it, and take some serious action steps along with a shift in lifestyle. But, you probably secretly wanted that anyway. Who wouldn’t like to feel better, look younger, have more energy, lose weight and gain vitality?

With knowledge, creating a plan, and taking action, you can turn this “beast” called diabetes, into a manageable puppy on a leash. This is a nutritional learning process combined with a dash of physical exercises. (Yes, you do have to exercise) The exercises can be fun. You don’t have to do the same thing everyday. Make it fun, but be active.

Another key aspect is learning about supplements that will work in conjunction with your nutritional meals. There are many herbal, and natural products such as Bitter Melon, Cinnamon, Gymnena Sylvestre, Fenugreek, Ginseng, and several others that will help, but do your homework.

Other supplements are almost “required”; they are Chromium, Magnesium, Zinc, and Calcium. If you are diabetic, you probably are deficient in one or more of these. Check with your health practitioner if these will affect you and your medication schedule. Some of these can lower your blood sugar pretty fast.

Our eating habits are what got us here in the first place. So nutrition is probably the biggest change you will have to make. Eating the right carbohydrates, combined with proper amount of proteins and fats is so important. Once you learn how food affects the blood and how insulin works, it will make sense. When you make a change to proper nutritious food, you will notice an improvement in your overall well-being. More energy and concentration is what I noticed. And then the weight started dropping off!

What Can Happen if you Don’t Control your Blood Glucose Levels

You may have heard or been told that monitoring your blood glucose (sugar) level is an essential part of managing your diabetes but why is it so important?

Well, if you blood sugar levels are not controlled and they become too high, over a long period of time, it could result in a range of complications from sight loss to kidney problems and even heart problems. If on the other hand they become too low then this could result in a lose of consciousness or a seizure.

Good control over your blood sugar levels will help you avoid these extremes and in the long run reduce the likelihood of complications developing. Good control can be achieved by monitoring blood sugar as well understanding the causes and symptoms of too high blood sugar (hyperglycaemia) and too low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia).

Too high blood sugar (when greater then 180mg/dl or 10mmol/L) is called hyperglycaemia. Often this is occurs when food, activity and medications are not balanced. The common reasons for this include: too much food, not enough medication, stress and an increase in weight.

The problem with hyperglycaemia is that in the early stages, there may not be any symptoms at all and even when symptoms do arise they may come on so slowly that they are not noticed. As blood glucose levels rise the following symptoms may occur: more hunger or thirst then usual, excessive urination, tiredness and lethargy, frequent infections and blurred vision.

It is important to be aware of these symptoms but most of all to monitor blood glucose levels so that you know when your glucose levels are above the targets your physician has set out for you. Usually this would be a fasting glucose of 6mmol/l or 108 mg/dl. During times of stress, illness and weight gain it would be a good idea to monitor blood glucose levels more often.

When blood glucose levels fall too low (less then 70mg/dl) it is called hypoglycaemia or “hypo” for short. Hypos occur for one reason only, there is more insulin in the body then it needs at the time. This is true whether the insulin comes from a syringe or from the body itself. Often the reason for this imbalance is due to: more physical activity then usual, too much insulin or diabetic medication, not eating on time or enough and drinking alcohol.

With hypos it is very important to be able to recognise the symptoms to allow you to take action quickly as your condition can deteriorate quickly. The symptoms can vary from person to person and anyone with diabetes should be familiar with his or her individual symptoms. The early symptoms might include: sweating, hunger, irritable, shaking, dry mouth, dizziness, a feeling of weakness, headache and confusion. If untreated, diabetics could become confused and disorientated, lose consciousness and could have a seizure.

In such a situation you will need help of others.

To learn more about what to do if you experience hypoglycaemia visit the link below on
“Treating Hypoglycaemia”.

In summary, good control results in a happy diabetic life. The key to good control is knowing what could cause your blood sugar to go up or down, recognising the symptoms of hypers and hypos and monitoring your blood glucose levels so you know what YOUR blood glucose levels should be.

Are Fast Food and Obesity Related?

Drive-up restaurants, milkshakes, fries, and time-honored burgers and dripping Coney Islands – that’s what makes the American cuisine – since the 1950’s. This has been America’s characteristic manner of preparing food – Fast Food – the epitome of the American life. Yet should tradition hinder improvement?

When it comes to health, the answer should be a big NO. When America is at risk of the fast food and obesity outbreak, the consumer should think twice before he takes a huge gulp of his sweet soda.

Fast food and obesity has been a major link that makes the American dinning experience and unfortunately American Health most noteworthy to world specialists. About 60M of the American population is considered obese. Australia only comes second in the fast food craze and obesity maze. Most significantly is that the impending danger of obesity concern has become a world phenomenon. The problem of obesity has crept quickly as fast as the spurt of fast foods all throughout the world. Though, we could not blame McDonaldization and Globalization.

What makes this type of food so appealing not only to Americans is that it’s not just hot, tasty, and greasy; it’s also constant and convenient. The cheeseburger that you so loved since childhood have never changed a bit – a constancy that is so hard to find in the constantly changing society. Additionally, the fast-paced lifestyle of the current generation only leaves this type of food in the high-ladder for convenience. Preparing everything with minimum fuss has just become so valuable. And you can also add the joy of indulgence. But what about the cons?

Primary is over-indulgence. Not only is this food expensive and isolating; it is also over-eating tolerant. It’s true that it is sometimes a wonderful thing to be able to overcome your guilt to have yourself a treat, yet can you take the guilt of burdening your body with fast food and obesity?

The problem with fast food and obesity is that it has become socially acceptable, even encouraged. Some call it expression, even freedom, equality. You see commercials of all sorts urging you get the latest dessert. You go to the mall and there’s a special line of plus sizes. It all seems purely natural but it doesn’t mean it’s totally right. This isn’t to say that fast food can’t be consumed occasionally, and that fat people should be detested. The point is that these can be avoided, and that there are better choices.

Sure you can look at fast food as just a way of life; but also look at obesity as what it is – a disease, and a serious one – something you wouldn’t want to indulge in.

Canker Sores

These sores are usually found in the mouth. It could be on the roof of the mouth, beneath the tongue (on the soft palate), inside the chick, on the inside of the lips or beneath the gum.

Canker sores are usually very painful and will go away between 7-10 days.

There is no known cure for these sores, neither is there a known cause for them. Unlike the cold sores, these are not contagious and you need not worry if a member of your family or a close friend has them.

Canker sores usually present themselves as a whitish lesion with a red border, a small bump or red spot which produces a slight burning/tingling sensation.

What causes canker sores? The following are some of the causes;

1. Braces could break the mucous membrane causing an infection

2. Weak immune system

3. Allergic response

4. Inflammatory bowel diseases

5. Certain food stuff eg. chocolate,coffee, strawberries, nuts, cheese etc.

6. Hormonal shifts during menstruation periods

7. Highly acidic foods such as pineapples

8. Emotional stress

9. HIV AIDS suppresses the immune system

There are two types of canker sores, minor sores and major sores. When you have minor sores, you will notice an oval lesion in your mouth, under your tongue or inside the chick which should clear between 1-2 weeks leaving no scar. Major sores however present themselves as large lesions and can last for a month or even years. They heal leaving an

extensive scar.

What are the symptoms of canker sores? These include fever, listlessness, swollen glands. It is best therefore that you make sure that your immune system is at its peak to avoid this infection and other opportunistic infection.

Understanding the Causes of Heartburn – Your First Line of Defense against Heartburn

Do you know what causes of heartburn? Understanding what causes this painful condition is the first step toward preventing it. It is a condition that can be caused by many different factors, all of which you have control over.

Knowing what heartburn is

Heartburn is the irritation of the esophagus what is caused by stomach acid being pushed back up to your esophagus then to your throat. Normally, the lower esophageal sphincter (or LES) keeps stomach acid within the stomach with the help of gravity. It opens to allow the food to go inside the stomach and then closes right away to prevent stomach acid from coming back up. However, if the LES stays open longer than the usual, or it does not close tight enough, then the problems start.

Stomach acid will go back up, called acid reflux, and damage the esophageal walls. This causes the burning sensation in the esophagus known as heartburn. If this condition continues worse complications may develop.

The Two Major Causes Of Heartburn

There are two major reasons why heartburn occurs. One is having too much food in the stomach (overeating) and second is too much pressure in the stomach (usually from obesity or pregnancy).

When you overeat your stomach is stretched until it could not be able to handle the food you intake. When it is overly stretched, your stomach might need to alleviate the stretching. One way it can do so is by contracting, which could force your food back up the esophagus. This is one thing which also leads to too much pressure in the stomach. Other factors which cause high pressure are obesity and pregnancy, in both cases, your body produces extra enzymes that lead to hyperacidity.

The Food Causes of Heartburn

There are also certain food items which lead to heartburn. Now, some might not lead to heartburn for you since every person’s reactions to food is different.

Some of the food items that contribute to acid reflux, and eventually heartburn include coffee, carbonated drinks, alcoholic beverages, tomato-based products, chocolate and citric fruits and juices. They make the LES less responsive to the food that go through your esophagus, making the valve react slower. This gives forces the stomach acid to be ousted back into your esophagus, and in some case through your throat and mouth.

Fried and fatty foods is also one of the causes of heartburn. These slow down digestion, which creates more pressure inside your stomach. Large meals or too much fat deposits in general, put extra pressure on the LES, giving it a bigger chance to malfunction and crates reflux.

Overcoming Heartburn

Overcoming the causes of heartburn is easier now because you know what they are and how to avoid them. There’s nothing drastic that you need to do to cope with this condition. Just knowing the causes already gives you a good chance to prevent and cure heartburn. In case your are experiencing severe heartburn attacks, better consult your physician for better medical attention. Frequent attacks may lead to acute damage in your esophagus or development of cancer.

What Causes Penis Odor and How to Stop It

Several recent emails from clients have brought up a common penis problem that most men are not willing to talk about – the issue of penis odor. Even with men who take reasonably good care of their penis often encounter an unpleasant, fishy penis smell that is understandably a source of embarrassment. For instance, one woman writes:

My boyfriend showers every day and washes the area under his foreskin, but his penis always has an unattractive odor – the best way to describe it is that it smells like fish. I’ve tried to ignore it, but it is really getting in the way of our sex life, and going down on him is out of the question. Is he doing something wrong when he cleans down there?

Actually, his problem had nothing to do with poor hygiene, and this issue is not uncommon. In this case, the couple was able to solve their problem through applying a specialized formula containing a combination of penis vitamins and minerals that are helpful in maintaining the body’s natural chemical balance. While a foul smell in the genital area can certainly be the result of lack of attention to personal care, the following issues can cause a fishy penis smell.


Most unpleasant body smells – morning breath, underarm odor, smelly feet, and so on – are caused by bacteria interacting with body chemistry, and the penis is no exception. The skin is home to millions of microbes – everyone is covered with them. Most of these are harmless (some are even beneficial), and most of them don’t cause any symptoms at all. However, when certain bacteria proliferate, they can cause that familiar fishy odor, even in men who cleanse their genital area carefully. This can be especially problematic for uncut men, because the area under the foreskin is an ideal environment for bacteria to flourish.

Yeast infection

An unpleasant smell that is accompanied by itching or burning of the penis skin, redness or rash, and/or a cheesy discharge may be caused by a yeast infection. Like bacteria, yeast spores grow easily in warm, moist places, especially in men whose immune system is compromised, either due to the use of antibiotics or as a result of an autoimmune disorder such as diabetes. In this case, eliminating the yeast infection should solve the odor problem.


This condition, which ordinarily affects uncut men, presents as redness and swelling around the head. Itching, burning and soreness may also be experienced, and a smelly discharge may also be present. If the area around the urethra (the opening at the tip of the penis) is affected, painful urination may also occur. Balanitis, which has similar symptoms to yeast infection, is frequently associated with poor hygiene.

Getting rid of a fishy penis smell

Eliminating penis odor is relatively simple if these suggestions are followed:

1. Wash regularly with a gentle cleanser. Avoid the use of soaps that strip away the skin’s natural oils, which may upset the normal pH of the skin and actually cause problems like yeast infection.

2. Make sure the area is dry before putting on clothing.

3. Wear underwear made from natural fabrics such as cotton.

4. Eat a balanced diet, with plenty of fruits, vegetables, grains, and lean protein. Men who are prone to yeast infections may find that eating yogurt helps to prevent this common problem.

5. Treat the penis skin with a specialized penis health formula (most health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil) that contains vitamin A, a natural antibacterial, vitamins C and D for immune system support, and natural moisturizers that help to maintain the skin’s natural suppleness and tone.