PHN (Post-Herpetic Neuralgia) Pain Relief Remedy at Hand

If one had Chicken Pox, chances are good that he was infected with Shingles disease too. Post-herpetic neuralgia is a pain than succeeds the Singles disease – after the rashes from the same heal. The worst part is that once you have shingles, you can never cure it but can follow correct treatment procedures to avoid further outbreak of the disease.

Shingles generally does not affect people who are less than 60 years old, but is more commonly seen in the ages of 80 and upwards. But then, it is a general case and may affect the younger lot too! Therefore it is important that you do not become complacent and negligent about this disease and follow the prescribed treatment in case you have contracted PHN.

It is estimated that approximately 20% of the people who develop the herpes zoster are affected by PHN in the US alone. People younger than 60 rarely develop PHN after a bout of shingles but more than 40% of the people older than 60 years do. The PHN attacks the skin and gives rise to excruciating pain that may niggle you for days or even years (only if left untreated). The dangerous thing is that the herpes zoster may virus can cause irreparable damage to your nerves during the outbreak.

PHN Pin Relief

Natural Remedies include the consumption of foods that are rich in proteolytic enzymes. Foods such as the papaya is a rich source of proteolytic enzymes and can help heal Shingles faster. A dilute solution of apple cider vinegar if applied onto the affected area with the help of sterilized cotton helps to heal the rashes – but cure of the pain aftermath the healing is no guarantee.

This is where comes the most effective PHN non-narcotic pain relief product – Menastil which has been developed by the Centre for Pain Relief.

Remedy by Menastil

This non-narcotic drug if used along with the regular prescribed medicines can prevent the excruciating pain from affecting you. It is extremely important to heal the pain – because that denotes the spread of the virus and disabling of the nerves in your body. Menastil releases some anti-inflammatory chemicals which stop the progress of the virus and then treat the pain.

It is available as both topical and oral applications. Obviously, the topical application will heal the pain faster and effectively than the oral ones, which may take some time to heal the pain.


Though the drug is the best at present, its effective long term usage without any side-effects is yet to be seen. As for now, the only side effect that it has is that it facilitates minor constipation and restricts bowel movement. Along with this, suitable lactobacillus prescriptions are recommended.

Gilera scooter London

Gilera was founded in early 1900s by an Italian motorcycle manufacturer, Giuseppe Gilera, in Arcore(a small city in the Province of Milan). In 1935 Gilera purchased rights to the Rondine four-cylinder engine and later this formed the basis for Gilera’s racing machines. From the mid-thirties it started developing a series of four-stroke engine machines that had engines ranging from 100 to 500 cc, the most known of which was the 1939 Saturno.

Gilera motorcycles dominated Grand Prix motorcycle racing for 8 years after the World War II and during that period, it won 500cc road racing world championship 6 times. In 1955, the brand faced acute financial strains due to decrease in popularity of two wheelers after the war and had to downsize its production. At this stage, the owner Giuseppe Gilera decided to quit the Grand Prix racing competitions.

Later, the firm was sold to Piaggio Group which was manufacturing over 30 different models of scooters, bikes, motorcycles and mopeds and employed over 5,000 employees at that time. Piaggio rose to heights in 1970s when the Western and European countries were rocked by the revolutionary ideas of the new generation. Piaggio was very efficient in marketing its ‘fashionable’ image at that time and its scooters were successfully used in a number of movies, including the romantic flick ‘Roman Holiday’.

Gilera made a return to the Grand Prix arena in 1992 and till now Piaggio continues to produce small-displacement motorcycles with the Gilera. Its scooters are rightly known as the beasts of the road as each of the Gilera Runner scooter versions comes equipped with powerful disk brakes, liquid cooled engines and sporty paintwork. It’s tough frame, burning acceleration and breathtaking pick-ups give the rider a look of the winner. These features make the Gilera a performance oriented scooter which evokes the thrills of the racetrack. All the Gilera scooters meet the Euro 2 emission standards.

Functions of Digestive System and Excretory System

The digestive and excretory systems are subsystems of human body and are connected to each other. The digestive system is responsible for providing fuel required for the proper working of human body whereas excretory system manages and removes the waste out of human body. The description for the working of digestive system and excretory system is as follow:

Human Digestive system

The human digestive system is constructed of hollow tube like organs. You may wonder to know that if you place digestive system parts one after the other, the formation will be 9 meter long!

It is hunger or thirst that directs us to eat some food or drink any liquid (in most cases it is water). As soon as we put the food in our mouth and start chewing it the process of digestion begins. Chewing is very important in digestion process. Properly chewed food decreases the stress on other involved organs like esophagus. Chewing is also an indicator for other parts that food is coming and release of hydrochloric acid is triggered. The chewed food is swallowed and moved into the esophagus, a muscular tube connecting throat and stomach. At this step the process of digestion becomes automatic. Esophagus takes the food from throat to the stomach entrance.

Near stomach there is a muscular ring which acts as valve and keeps the entrance from Esophagus to stomach close. But when food reaches near the stomach muscles relaxed and food enters into the stomach. The top muscle of stomach is relaxed so that large amounts of food and liquids can be stored into the stomach. The function of the lower stomach is to mix the food and liquids with the digestive juices produced by stomach. This is done by altering muscle tension. After mixing all the contents the mixed material is forced to move into small intestine again by muscle movement.

In small intestine food is further broken down into smaller molecules. This is done with the help of enzymes produced by pancreas and small intestine. The small intestine is very important organ as it absorbs fat and nutrients necessary for the cell growth and to produce other forms of energy for body functioning.

In the last of digestion process, after the nutrients are absorbed by the walls of intestine from the food mixture, what remains of the food is called waste. Waste produced during the digestion process contains unused parts and fiber.

Excretory System

Both, the digestive system and excretory system, work together and interact with each other through nervous system. Excretory system is as necessary as digestive system. Unusable materials and fiber remains of digestion process are very dangerous for human body. In absence of excretory system our bodies would be filled with poisonous materials like Nitrogen which is produced after protein metabolism.

Working of Excretory system: Excretory system comes into frame after the completion of digestion system. It deals with solid waste and liquid waste separately. After small intestine the food is moved into large intestine. Here some liquids and electrolytes are removed from the remains and can be counted in digestion process. There are many types of bacteria that help in further digestion of these remains. The Food remains that couldn’t be utilized are moved into descending colon and then to sigmoid colon. When colon gets filled muscles force the waste to travel towards the rectum unit. Then solid waste is gathered in rectum and finally moved out excreted through the anus. This is what is called nature call.

Excretion process of liquid waste can be understood by knowing the functions of involved organs and parts. The following are the parts and their functioning in the same order they take part in the process:

The following are the organs and their function in Excretory System:

Solid waste

Aorta – Aorta provides a pathway for blood to reach kidneys and other body parts.

Kidneys: The kidneys filter the blood using nephrons (made up of small filtering units) for liquid waste and ureain the form of urine which is stored in bladder.

Bladder – Bladder is a hollow organ found in the lower part of the abdomen kept in place by ligaments attached to other organs. The bladder walls are formed with detrusor muscles. It can increase its volume by expanding its walls. It stores Fluid waste called urine. Detrusor muscles squeeze and the urine out of the body through urethra.

Ureters: There are two ureters in our body. Their function is move the urine from the kidneys to the bladder.

Weight Loss – The Metabolic Syndrome – Effective Treatment With High-Protein Shakes

The metabolic syndrome is a cluster of the most dangerous heart attack risk factors including diabetes and pre-diabetes, abdominal obesity, high cholesterol and high blood pressure.

Here are some alarming facts:

  • One quarter of the world adult population has metabolic syndrome.
  • People with metabolic syndrome are twice as likely to die from it, and three times as likely to have a heart attack or stroke compared with people without the syndrome.
  • People with metabolic syndrome have a five times greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
  • Up to 80% of the 200 million people with diabetes globally will die of cardiovascular disease.
  • This puts the mortality rate of metabolic syndrome and diabetes miles ahead of HIV/AIDS and yet the problem is not as well recognized.

Early diagnosis by physicians is key to identifying those at risk and one of the primary treatments is weight loss. Researchers from the University of Ulm, Germany, have found that increased amounts of protein in the diet lead to greater improvement in metabolic syndrome risk factors when compared to consuming a standard level of protein.

The study, which was presented at the annual meeting of the Obesity Society in Phoenix, enrolled 110 overweight subjects with the metabolic syndrome who were randomly divided into two groups, and were followed for one year.

For the first three months, during the weight loss phase, those in the high protein group were instructed to follow a diet that supplied about twice the protein that would be obtained from a typical diet. They also replaced two meals a day with a high-protein meal replacement shake. The other group was instructed to eat a standard amount of protein from an all-food diet.

For the remaining nine months of the study – the weight maintenance phase – everyone used one meal replacement shake a day as part of their meal plan, and both groups maintained the level of protein intake in the diet they had consumed during the previous three months.

Everyone lost weight after a year, but the high protein group lost more weight (nearly 25 pounds, compared with about 14 pounds for the standard protein group). They also lost more body fat, and maintained lean body mass. More significant, however, was the finding that at the end of the study, 64 percent of those in the high protein group no longer met the criteria for the metabolic syndrome, compared with 41 percent who consumed the standard amount of protein.

Nearly 47 million Americans have the metabolic syndrome, and the numbers continue to grow along with the rise in obesity. Marion Flechtner-Mors, Ph.D., one of the researchers on the study and head of the Obesity Research Group at the University of Ulm, Germany, said “Effective interventions, such as the use of high protein meal replacements for weight loss, could improve the risk factors associated with the metabolic syndrome and affect the lives of millions of people”.

Facts About Sore Throat and Ear Infections

Many parents have a lack of information when coming to deal with affections their children develop. In most of the cases they get worried over nothing and exaggerate over mild and temporary diseases their children have at some moment in life.

The most frequent problems a child can have are the respiratory affections. They impress the parent with the symptoms these affections give and worry him too much. Some parents are not well informed on respiratory infections for example, and adopt protection measures for their child and other children which are totally not necessary. Quite frequently, parents ask the doctor whether they have to keep their child isolated from other children until the sore throat or ear infection is cured because they believe that the child is very contagious.

The doctor will tell them that sore throats can be caused by a viral or bacterial infection. The virus generally gives the symptoms of a cold like: runny nose, cough or watery eyes, while the sore throat caused by bacteria does not give symptoms which look like those in a cold. A throat infection with bacteria is also known as a strep throat.

The best thing to do in order to give an accurate diagnosis is to test the patient and see exactly who causes the sore throat. It is known that antibiotic drugs can not treat infections caused by viruses and in this case the only thing a doctor can do is treat the pain associated with the sore throat. The human organism will fight the viral infection by its own.

The strep throats are treated with antibiotic drugs. Generally a child who follows a treatment with antibiotics will be able to go to school after 24 hour of treatment as it is considered no longer infectious.

The virus infection of a throat is infectious for others long before the symptoms are visible, so the child can continue to go to school even though he has a viral sore throat.

When talking about ear infections, it is more difficult to see whether they are produced by a virus or a bacterium like in the case of a sore throat. Getting liquid from behind the ear drum is too difficult to be made so testing the patient for an etiology of the disease is hard.

Studies say that up to one third of the ear infections are caused by viruses and they do not need antibiotic treatment. As the doctors can’t find out which patient has a viral ear infection and which has a bacterial ear infection antibiotic treatment will be prescribed to all the patients. The ear infections are not contagious so parents should not keep their children away from the daily activities and from other children.

For more resources on different strep throat subjects check out this link You can find great content regarding strep throat in adults, strep throat symptoms, home remedy for strep throat and many more strep throat related issues.

Diabetes And Numbness In Feet

A doctor will always advise a person that has recently been diagnosed with diabetes to keep a careful eye on the condition of their feet. They often do this because the condition of the feet is the most noticeable indication that diabetes complications are setting in and it gives the person a straight forward way to get more involved with their diabetes treatment and care. This article will describe why the feet are important in understanding diabetes and various conditions, like numbness, that may affect the feet as a consequence of diabetes.

Diabetes is a disease that affects the pancreas. It causes the beta cells of the islet cells in the pancreas to be destroyed or malfunction. The primary responsibility of these cells is to produce insulin which is used to regulate the glucose level in the bloodstream. Without insulin the body can not regulate the glucose and this poses serious consequences to the health if untreated. Commonly, insulin is injected to take over this process and the person has to manually manage the role of blood sugar regulation that most people take for granted.

It is believed that consistently high levels of sugar in the blood lead to a number of complications. In the case of feet, the first complication is that the circulation of blood is impeded. It is thought that high sugar levels in the blood affect the lining of blood vessels making them rough. This allows fatty deposits to stick to the lining and leads to arteriosclerosis. It is harder to push blood round the body and it is generally the outermost parts of the body that suffer the most.

This means the feet are liable to pick up cuts and bruises and take longer to heal from these problems.

Over time, continued poor circulation begins to affect the capillaries or small blood vessels that are responsible for providing blood to the nervous system and extremities of the body. Eventually the poor blood supply will cause the nervous system to malfunction. This is another complication of diabetes and is called diabetic neuropathy.

Diabetic neuropathy is broken down into 4 types, the one that concerns feet is called peripheral neuropathy. The person with peripheral neuropathy will lose sensation in their feet. This might take the form of pin and needles or a numbness. Having poor sensitivity in the feet that are already liable to infections, cuts and bruise makes the feet especially vulnerable.

Thus doctors advise on special care for feet and careful monitoring of their condition. If feet become numb for any time it is recommended to see your doctor. People with diabetes also get their feet checked annually or bi-annually where the doctor will check the sensitivity in their feet. This can also determine if neuropathy in the feet is worsening by comparison to the previous year and thus give an overall indication on how diabetes is affecting the body.

The Causes Of Snoring In Children

Occasional snoring may be normal to children. Recent studies show that 3 to 12 percent of children between the age of 1 and 9 snore. But frequency doesn’t mean normality. Habitual snoring can be a cause of a more serious medical condition called obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) or simply, sleep apnea.

Sleep apnea is a condition characterized by loud snoring with periods of breathing interruptions. Interruptions may be short or prolonged, usually between 5 to 30 seconds. During this period, the child’s could not get straight sleep. He rouses and moves to another sleeping position, then resumes sleep.

After a while he will once again begin snoring. This activity often happens several times during the night, each night. Although this condition rarely appears on children, it is very important that parents should watch out for symptoms that come along with it.

Symptoms of sleep apnea include

– Poor speech habits – talking that sounds like words over a mouthful of hot potato.
– Reduced growth rate. Children suffering from sleep apnea use more energy in breathing during the night. During meals, they tend to eat slowly since it is hard for them to breathe and chew at the same time. The result is, they have insufficient nutrients to support their growth.
– Hyperactivity. Lack of sleep can cause drowsiness on children during the day. To stay awake, children act frantically.
– Poor performance in school. Since children do not get the right sleep during the night, they tend to appear tired and lack the concentration to focus at school, thus, having a poor performance.

When these symptoms are visible, it is imperative for parents to bring their child to a pediatrician and have him examined. A child can be happy and smiling when he is brought to the doctor and therefore, it is difficult to diagnose if he really has sleep apnea. Parents are advised to record their child’s snoring so that the doctor can analyze the situation in actually.

Meanwhile, sleep apnea is not the sole reason why children snore. Other reasons include allergy attack, obesity, asthma, and enlargement of adenoids and/or tonsils caused by cold or tonsillitis.

Some allergy attacks can cause swelling on the linings of the nose that can direct to the enlargement of adenoids. This keeps the child from breathing normally. This causes the child to snore. After the allergy attack, the snoring stops.

Obesity can also lead to snoring. In fact, 20% and 40% of the obese children snore. This is because fats can form around the throat that can cause constriction and makes the limited airways. Also, fats in the stomach can cause the diaphragm to function irregularly

Asthma is said to be another cause why children snore. A study revealed that 40% of the children diagnosed with asthma snore.

Enlargement of adenoids and/or tonsils caused by cold or tonsillitis also results to snoring. While cold or tonsillitis can be cured by decongestant and antibiotics, adenoid enlargement is treated by surgical procedure to remove adenoids and tonsils.

Underdevelopment of the jaw inside the womb can cause snoring as well. There is also the possibility that the nerves and the muscles cannot control the airway properly and cause that child to snore.

How to Recognize Poison Ivy – The Plant and the Rash

If you live in North America and venture beyond your front porch, you’re at risk of contracting poison ivy. Thankfully, by learning to recognize this dangerous plant, you can limit the likelihood of developing a nasty rash.

Staying out of parks and forests does not guarantee your safety. Although poison ivy grows in wooded areas throughout most of the United States and Canada, it also lurks in backyards, hedges, weed patches, and gardens. Don’t make the mistake of thinking it always appears as an ivy. The plant also grows as a climbing vine, a bush, or a ground cover. Well-established vines on trees may resemble old grape vines or small tree limbs.

In the spring the leaves may be light green or reddish. In the summer they turn a dark green, then to red, orange, or yellow in the fall. The green summer leaves may have a shiny or waxed appearance, which fades in autumn. Leafless plants are difficult to identify, but also contain the oil that causes the rash.

The edges of the leaves may be smooth or slightly jagged. The vine is sometimes hairy and has no thorns. From May to July tiny whitish flowers may adorn the plant, maturing to berry-like fruits by late summer.

The arrangement of leaflets is how poison ivy is usually identified: clusters of three leaves, with the middle leaf on a slightly longer stem. Although other plants have a similar pattern, remember, “Leaves of three, let it be” and “Side leaflets like mittens, will itch like the dickens.”

As for the rash, it can appear from a day to a week or so after exposure to the plant. Any rash that occurs within minutes to a few hours after exposure to a plant is very unlikely to be poison ivy (hence the medical name, delayed hypersensitivity reaction). (However, other types of allergic reactions may occur to any plant.) Generally speaking, it takes the human body 24 hours or more to respond to the urushiol oil which causes typical poison ivy.

The first sign of poison ivy dermatitis is usually erythema (redness) in the area of exposure. Clusters of red dots or streaks are typical. On the arms and legs this is usually from being brushed by the plant. On the neck or face it commonly occurs from having the plant oil on the hands and then wiping another body part. Interestingly, the palm surface of the hands rarely develop the poison ivy rash. In fact, in 25 years of medicine I can’t remember seeing a case.

The next stage is that of small blisters, which may enlarge, depending on your degree of allergy and amount of exposure. Sometimes the blisters burst, but this does not cause poison ivy to spread. Once the oil is off your skin (after a shower) poison ivy cannot be transmitted. Sometimes it looks like the rash has been spread from one body part to another, but this is actually due to earlier contact with the plant. Some areas of skin simply take longer to develop the rash.

Burning poison ivy, even the dry leaves and vines, is especially inadvisable. The smoke can carry the oil to your face, your eyes, and your lungs, producing severe symptoms. This occurs commonly at camp fires and when burning brush. Eating poison ivy may cause your internal organs to swell, producing a potentially fatal reaction. (Of course, in decades of medicine, I’ve never seen a person who’s eaten poison ivy.)

Learn to recognize the plant, avoid anything that resembles poison ivy, and the odds of remaining rash- and itch-free are in your favor.

Copyright 2010 Cynthia J. Koelker, MD

Head Sores – Causes of the Itching and Scalp Irritation

Head Sores: What exactly are head sores?

Head sores are open skin infections on the head that cause extreme discomfort. When one or more of your hair follicles gets irritated, you may begin suffering from head sores. Hair follicles on the head, if inflamed, will eventually get infected and when that happens, the automatic symptom you will experience will be an incessant itch on your head. This isn’t fun at all!

An incessant itch on the head will force you to constantly scratch your scalp. When you start scratching your scalp on a regular basis, the skin of your head (otherwise known as scalp skin) will get bruised in many areas. Once that happens, your scalp will start to bleed. And from then on, your head sore problem will worsen.

As a former victim of sores on the head, my advice to you is that you try your hardest to rigorously ATTACK your particular head sore problem as soon as you notice it. Don’t wait for it to worsen. The longer you wait hoping it’ll go away, the more damage it will cause.

You must understand that, without the correct treatment, head sore problems will not go away on their own. They ARE NOT the type of ailments that cure themselves over time. You have to manually get rid of them with the proper medicinal artillery.

If you’re reading this article right now, it’s probably because you have sores on your head or know someone that does. Trust me when I tell you that I understand your pain. As I said, I use to suffer from these types of problems myself. I am very well familiar with the endless days and nights of scratching, the bleeding of sores from the head. The purpose of my writing this article is to inform you that yes, there is a cure out there, despite the past disappointments you may have suffered.

So if you actually have sores on your head that itch like hell, you’re most likely feeling desperate right now. Chances are, you have already unsuccessfully experimented with a bunch of different medicines. So now you’re wondering, what else is out there?

Well, I’ll be honest with you. The cure for your head sore condition cannot and will not be found over-the-shelf at your local supermarket or drugstore. Sorry.

It will be found, however, at your doctor’s office.

What you need to do is take a trip to your doctor or dermatologist’s office. When you get to the doctor, ask him or her to prescribe you 2 Medicated lotions for the scalp and a B-Lactam Antibiotic. It is the combination of these THREE medicines that will ensure that your head sore condition is addressed with the proper medicines and healed for good!

Children Health – Causes and Symptoms of Neurodevelopmental Disorder

Neurodevelopment disorder is also known as disorder of neural development or brain development disorder. Physically, it is characterized as impairment of brain or central nervous system. Psychologically, it is defined as a condition of abnormal brain function that effects the children’s emotion, learning ability and memory as they grow. The condition happens in the early year of their life and if not treat, it may inflict their social behaviour, learning ability, etc.

I. Causes
The causes of brain development disorder are still unknown, but many researchers suggest the following
1. Genetic passing through metabolic diseases
The disease is passed through from the parent to the inborn. Genetic and metabolic disorder are hard to diagnosis in the new born. The infant may be look healthy and with no any symptom when they were born, because the disease won ‘t strike until the time when children start to make directed contact with their surrounding environment. The typical cases are
a) Down syndrome
It is known as trisomy 21, is caused by the abnormality of chromosome number 21.
b) William syndrome
It is caused the abnormality of chromosome number 7
c) Fragile X syndrome
d) Rett syndrome

2. Immune disorders
For what ever reason, the immune function becomes over react to certain situations and starts to attackthe brain tissues, leading to abnormal movements of the body, emotional disturbance and obsessive compulsive disorder symptoms.

3. Infectious diseases
Infectious diseases is defined as a type of disease which can transmit from the carrier to other person through one or more of diverse pathways, including physical contact, share food, body fluid, etc.
a) Mealse is one of the infectious disease that can cause subacute sclerosing panencephalitis as resulting of persistence infection by measle virus, leading to brain development disorder (cortical dysfunction).
b) Toxoplasmosis is a parasite disease caused by the protozoan toxoplasma gondii. People contact this type of diseases see their flu like symptoms disappearing within a few week, but for infants who normally have weakened immune system may see the disease progress, leading to encephalitis and severe brain tissues being damaged.
c) Meningitis
Most cases of meningitis is caused by bacteria infection, leading to inflammation, causing severe brain damage to the new born, including deafness.
d) Encephalitis
Encephalitis is another form of virus infectious disease, the new born can contact the virus when pass through an infected birth canal, leading to brain infection. The virus sometimes can stay inactive until the child comes under stress or sickness.

4. Nutritional deficiency
Believe it or not, researchers found that women who have folic acid and iodine deficiency during their pregnancy may cause risk to their babies in contacting neurodevelopmental disorders, leading to severe mental retardation. Excessive intake of both substances above may also cause brain damage as resulting of toxins accumulation in the new born central nervous system.

5. Physical trauma
Most cases of physical trauma is caused by congenital injury, it is happened due to injure as resulting of lack of oxygen to the brain or damage to the brain tissues itself, leading to cerebral palsy that cause permanent physical disability in the child development.

6. Environment toxic
Human have produced over 5000 different environment toxins, including heavy metals such as lead, mercury. If the child is unfortunately to have high levels of heavy metal accumulated in their brain due to detoxification dysfunction of body’s organs, it can cause severe brain damage, leading to impairment of emotional and physical development.

7. Medication
Some researchers found that certain vaccines used to protect the child may contribute to the onset of the disease. One of the vaccine, thimerosal contains 50 time more toxins than the plain mercury, if a infant can not excrete them, it may caused mercury accumulated in the brain, leading to severe brain damage and afflict the child development.

Antibiotic may be another cause of the brain development disorder, as the medication destroy the good bacteria, it causes the inability of the child in absorbing vital minerals, leading to nutritional causes of neuroldevelopment dysfunction

8. Severe deprivation disorder
Researchers found that children were born in a family without loving, caring, nurturing are likely to develop depression and show behavioural retardation.

II. Symptoms
There are many symptoms of neurodevelopment disorder, depending to the diagnosis, but the common symptoms include
1. Delay social development
Children with brain development disorder show little interest to social stimuli, less attention to smile and look at others less often, and respond less to their own name.

2. Communication
Most children do not develop enough natural speech and vocabularies to meet their daily communication needs and are more likely to simply repeat others’ words.

3. Repetitive behaviour
Some children with brain development disorder may have some repetitive behavior such as
Flapping hands, arranging objects in a certain order, involving an unvarying pattern of daily activities and resisting to change.

4. Unusual eating behaviour
5. Motor problems that include poor muscle tone, poor motor planning, and toe walking
6. Insomnia
7. Sensitive to Sound
8. etc.

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All articles By Kyle J. Norton Are For Information and Education Only, Please Consult With Your Doctor or Related Field Specialist Before Applying.

Psoriasis: Signs and Symptoms

Psoriasis is a skin condition in which skin cells grow at too rapid of a rate, and cause scaly formations to appear upon the skin's surface. Basically, the psoriasis patient has too efficient of an immune system, as skin cells form in a matter of a few day's time, rather than the normal time frame of a few weeks. The patient's body can not shed this large accumulation of skin cells quickly enough, and so the typical lesions of psoriasis form on the skin's surface.

There are five separate types of psoriasis, each with their own symptoms and signs. Of the five types, the most common type of psoriasis by far is the plaque type. About 80 percent of those afflicted by psoriasis have this type, which is also known as "psoriasis vulgaris."

Plaque psoriasis is known by thick, coarse patches of skin which are scaly in appearance. The plaques may be red, silver or white in color and can appear anywhere on the body.

Common locations for psoriasis plaques to appear are on the knees, lower region of the back, scalp and elbows of the sufferer.

If a psoriasis patient notices changes in the nails, it is very important to visit their physician. Changes in the finger or toenails such as ridges, a change in color to orange tinged with yellow or the nail itself pulling away from the nail bed can indicate the development of a serious condition known as psoriatic arthritis.

Psoriatic arthritis can lead to devastating changes in the joints with debilitating effects, so prompt treatment is a must.

Although psoriasis is unsightly, it is not contagious. There is no danger of contracting psoriasis from touching someone who has it, or from sharing a towel or a comb with them.

Much about psoriasis is still unknown, but it is believed to be an autoimmune disease caused by the T-cells (specialized white blood cells) that normally fight pathogens entering the body mistakenly turning on the body's own skin cells. After being attacked by the T-cells, the skin cells begin to form at an abnormally rapid rate.

It is as yet unknown, but it is speculated that psoriasis also has a genetic component, as it tends to run in families. However, not all persons who have the PSORS1 (SORE-ESS-1) gene go on to develop the disease; it appears that a certain combination of genes must be present in order for the abnormal reaction of the T-cells to occur.

Psoriasis may lie dormant until triggered by a significant event such as a highly-stressful life event such as divorce, loss of a spouse of parent, etc. Skin injury, or having an illness such as strep throat may also trigger the onset of psoriasis. Scientists can not even point to a universal trigger of the disease, as triggers vary among individuals.

Psoriasis is an equal opportunity disease in that it affects men and women at the same rate. Those of Caucasian ancestry are affected by the illness on a more frequent basis. It can begin at any age from very young to very aged; however, it is most commonly seen between ages fifteen to thirty, with the majority of all cases developing before age forty.

Psoriasis is a condition where some sufferers have frequent flareups, even weekly, but others only have occasional flareups. The condition is characterized by pain, extreme itchiness and even cracking and bleeding skin to the point that it even becomes difficult for the patient to sleep.

Those suffering from psoriasis often have embarrassment over the appearance of their skin, with accompanying depression. They may avoid social events, and become reclusive.

There is no need to suffer in silence with psoriasis. Working closely with a dermatologist can bring great improvements in the frequency and severity of flareups. Even simple measures such as bathing with Dead Sea salts can markedly help the condition, so do not delay treatment.

Surgery For Toenail Fungus

Though it seems a radical response to what many would consider a cosmetic problem, surgery for toenail fungus is actually quite common. This is because, even in the days of modern medicine, we simply don’t have an easy, safe, and reliable way to get rid of persistent nail fungus infection (onychomycosis). Many people opt for surgery only after trying a variety of home remedies, alternative medicine treatments, and even prescription drugs without success.

The option of a surgical cure for onychomycosis appeals to people who have been struggling with the infection over the long term. Though there are numerous traditional remedies, the difficulty is that most topical treatments don’t penetrate the nail to reach the nail bed where the fungus thrives. Even after long treatment, fungus persists or returns discouragingly. Prescription drugs, meanwhile, are expensive and come with the possibility of unpleasant side effects. Faced with these choices, surgery for toenail fungus seems like the best option for people who just want to be free of the problem.

A surgical cure for onychomycosis involves not just removing the part of the nail that’s infected, but also destroying the nail matrix where the nail is produced. Destruction of the nail matrix is achieved with chemical treatment, with a laser, or by conventional surgical removal. Once the nail is gone, the fungus has nowhere to grow, and the infection clears up permanently. After surgery for finger- or toenail fungus, the nail never grows back, and this is why the procedure should be used only as a last resort. Once done, the operation can’t be reversed.

You may think that if you have surgery for toenail fungus, your problems will be over; however, think carefully before opting for this treatment. We have tough nails on the tips of our fingers and toes for a reason – to protect the sensitive tips of these digits. Without nails to provide a shield, stubbing your toes, knocking toes or fingers, and other minor injury becomes more painful. In addition, the healed toe or finger looks peculiar – but probably not as bad as a digit affected by onychomycosis. It’s best to carefully weigh all the options before choosing surgical cure for onychomycosis.

Diabetes in American Bulldog

The Different Forms of Canine Diabetes

There are two different forms of dog diabetes that can affect your pet. These are diabetes mellitus and diabetes insipidus. Diabetis mellitus are the same as human diabetes, which occurs due to the lack of insulin. On the other hand, diabetes insipidus occurs when your dog lacks vasopressin.  As can be expected, diabetes mellitus is more common. Diabetes mellitus, in itself, comes in two forms. Diabetes mellitus can be, just like in humans, a Type I diabetes, which means that it is congenital. It can also be a Type II diabetes, which refers to diabetes that only develops later on in life.  

The Factors Responsible for Diabetes in Dogs

Diabetes is closely related to a wide variety of other dog diseases. These diseases can usually contribute or cause the insulin deficiency, thus causing the diabetes.

The Indicators of Diabetic Dogs

Loss of appetite and weight loss are the top two symptoms that can occur in diabetic dogs. Other symptoms also affect the diabetic dog’s eating and drinking habits. Diabetic dogs can be observed to be as if constantly hungry and thirsty. Frequent urination can also be a supporting symptom. At first, the symptoms are mild, but when the dog owner fails to notice, the condition will likely get worse. If the initial symptoms are ignored or unidentified, the diabetic dog may start to experience nausea and vomiting, and decreased resistance against bacteria. This makes dogs with diabetes very vulnerable to other diseases such as bladder and kidney disorders. Even a diabetic dog’s behavior can be modified. Canine diabetes may cause depression in the diabetic dog. If you see any of the above symptoms, don’t hesitate to consult your veterinarian for an examination. Lab tests will be conducted to search for ketones, which are released by the liver when there is a lack of insulin. The mere presence of ketones is an indicator of diabetes. The glucose level will also be determined to check for hyperglycemia and other indicative symptoms as well.  

The Treatment Alternatives for Diabetes in Dogs

The primary form of treatment for diabetes in dogs is the injection of insulin, which obviously counteracts what causes the disease in the first place. There are different kinds of insulins that can be injected. The main difference lies in the length of effective time. There are short-acting insulins which, as the term implies, only remains effective up to four hours after injection. Ironically, short-acting insulins are actually stronger than medium-range insulins, and long-range insulins. These two other types of insulin last for up to 24 hours or 28 hours from the time of injection, respectively. The choice of which insulin to inject depends on the dog’s system and the level of the disease. A veterinarian will still need to check which insulin, and in what amounts, is necessary for every diabetic dog case. Regular visits are also necessary so the situation can be further observed. Needless to say, to treat diabetes in dogs, you, as a dog owner, needs to be committed to helping your dog overcome the disease. Since insulin shots are usually necessary on a daily basis, you need to really devote time to help your pet get well.

The Top 10 Allergy Treatments – How to Get Relief From Seasonal Allergies

If you are suffering from allergies, you may find comfort knowing that there are various methods of treatment that could be employed in order to address the problem. This article will tackle the 10 Best Allergy Treatments, so put on your seatbelt as we take this ride towards understanding the treatment that is best for you.

Although there is no cure for allergies, still there are a wide range of medications available-both prescription and over-the-counter drug that would assist you in getting rid of the annoying symptoms of this medical condition such as runny nose and congestion. Among the most famous medications are decongestants, antihistamines, combination medicines, corticosteroids, etc. There are also allergy shots that will increase the ability of the body to deal with allergens.

Treatment # 1: Natural Allergy Relief

Herbal supplements prove to provide a relief for allergies like the freeze-dried nettles as well as with the tonic created from goldenseal herb. Furthermore, there is also the saline (salt water) nasal spray that works by washing away pollen and getting rid of thin mucous. Aside from the herbs, doctors would also advise taking some nutrients that can help to quiet seasonal symptoms such as with the grape seed extract and some flavonoid compound known as quercetin.

Treatment # 2: Antihistamine

Antihistamines are often available in tablet, capsule, chewable tablet, and liquid forms. The amount of antihistamine medication that one should take each day would vary depending upon the person's characteristics and the kind of preparation that will be given. Since antihistamine can cause drowsiness, it is advised not to drive or do any activity that requires mental concentration after popping up the drug.

Treatment # 3: Decongestants

This particular drug lessens nasal congestion, leading to blood vessel constriction as well as reduced blood flow into the nasal passage. This medication must not be given to people who are experiencing allergic reaction towards decongestants.

Treatment # 4: Anticholinergic Nasal Allergy Spray

When this medication is sprayed into each nostril, it tends to lessen secretions from the glands which are lining the nasal passage hence reducing the symptom of runny nose. Those people who have allergies to any components of a nasal spray should never try to use this product. Mostly, the drug is sprayed 1-2 times for 2-3 times a day. Given the fact that this drug would pose on a very little side effect, it does not interfere with other drugs.

Treatment # 5: Steroid Nasal Sprays

This drug is known to lessen inflammation within the nasal passages hence the symptoms of nasal allergies are lessened. There are instances however when steroid nasal sprays may lead to nose bleed or sore throat so be alarmed.

Treatment # 6: Anti-allergy Eye Drops

Antihistamine eye drops are used in order to relieve symptoms like itchy or watery eyes. There are some drops that are created with anti-inflammatory agents that can further reduce puffiness and irritation. There are as well nonprescription eye drops that provided great relief to allergies and hay fever. This product should be employed with care though since they may cause temporary stinging after administered. In case irritation persists then it is time to call on your doctor. Furthermore, soft-contact lens wearers must wait for 10 minutes after putting on the eye drops before wearing contact lens

Treatment # 6: Leukotriene Inhibitors

Basically, leukotrienes are those chemical substances that encourage the inflammatory response observed during a contact to allergens. By hindering these chemicals from producing swelling, reduce in inflammation is observed.

Treatment # 7: Mass Cells Inhibitor

The main function of this drug is to prevent the discharge of histamine and also those with chemicals that can trigger allergic symptoms from mast cells when an individual comes in contact with allergens such as pollen. During its use, frequent dosing is very much needed since the effect may only last for about 8 hours. Mast cell inhibitors are sold in the form of nasal sprays in order to prevent runny nose or eye drops in order to address the need of itchy eyes.

Treatment # 8: Allergy Shots

Allergy shots which are also known as "immunotherapy," are given to patients with allergies in order to increase their tolerance to allergens. The shots are generally given to people who are suffering from severe allergies or those who are experiencing allergy symptoms for more than 3 months in a year. Be reminded however that allergy shots do not cure allergies since they only lessen sensitivity to certain substances. These must be given regularly and as time goes by, increasing doses must be administered. If however after taking the shot, you are experiencing shortness of breathe or tightness of the throat, this warrant the help of a doctor.

Treatment # 9: Allergy Fighting Foods

There was a study conducted that reveal the facts that eating foods that are high in omega-3 fatty acids will help lessen allergy symptoms compared to those people who would not regularly eat foods rich in omega 3. Basically, omega 3 is also known to fight inflammation and it is mostly available among cold-water fish, in flaxseed oil, in walnuts and among those grass-fed meat and eggs. With this, it is advised that people who are suffering from allergies should try to at least consume these foods for the betterment of their conditions.

Treatment # 10: Personally Getting Rid of Allergens

Among the most practical method to deal with allergies is by trying to determine those things that can trigger attacks as to prevent allergies from taking place. For example, asthma sufferers are known to be allergic with dust hence the best thing that they can do is to actually free their house or their surrounding from the elements. If you are allergic with pungent perfumes then better get rid of these things. This is the most effective and inexpensive method that all people with allergies should at least try.

The Effects Of Chocolate On The Emotions

It is common perception that chocolate is a mood elevator although some people believe that it causes headaches and migraine. Though it is widely accepted that chocolate affects our moods, the research on this is still in a fluid state. Every contention is fiercely debated. We will discuss various ways that chocolate affects our moods and emotions, according to the present set of beliefs.

Chocolate affects us both negatively and positively. Some people, when they are sad or depressed, experience a craving for chocolate. On eating chocolate they report that their mood is elevated and they feel better. This elevation in mood is temporary though and when this effect wears off, they again revert to their previous state of mind.

There are many health benefits that are attributed to chocolates. It is good for the heart. It increases the responsiveness of blood vessels which is useful for preventing heart disease. It also increases glucose tolerance. Chocolate also contains some substances which have an anti oxidant effect. This is helpful in preventing cancer.

Chocolate is reported to cause headache, obesity, rectal itching, heart burn and emotional problems like irritability, confusion, anger and depression.

Chocolate is rich in carbohydrates, which increase the rate with which tryptophan enters the brain. This increases the level of serotonin, a neurotransmitter that regulates moods, creating a good feeling.

The addictive property of chocolate is also well documented. This is evidenced by the fact that some people, when trying to give up alcohol, depend on chocolate to satisfy their cravings. This drug-like property is attributed to caffeine, anandamines, phenylethylamine and magnesium that are present in chocolate. The presence of caffeine and magnesium can contribute to a feeling of craving for chocolate. Ananadmides affect the brain in a similar way to marijuana, though research in this field is still debated.

There are more than 350 chemicals in chocolate. Some of these are believed to cause allergic reactions. Some scientists believe that phenylethylamine and theobromine could cause changes in moods. Phenylethylamine causes blood pressure and blood sugar to rise. It generates a feeling of alertness and contentment thus creating a feeling of well being. But, a short period of emotional high is followed by a period of emotional low. Theobromine is found naturally in cocoa and acts as an anti-depressant, but has been known to be toxic to animals.

Eating chocolate can also give rise to a feeling of anxiety. Phenylethylamine is said to cause dilation of blood vessels in brain causing headaches. Though it is still debatable whether phenylethylamine reaches the brain.

One ounce of chocolate contains 20 mg of caffeine. Researches on the effects of caffeine have reported that caffeine can cause problems in sleep, restlessness, irritability, heartburn and anxiety. Withdrawal from caffeine causes fatigue and headaches.

Tyramine is another amino acid present in chocolate. Though it is not certain whether any significant amount of tyramine reaches the brain, yet it is known that it causes blood vessels to expand and contract causing dull headaches.

Women appear to crave chocolate more than men, including diabetics. Some amongst these women reported that only chocolate and nothing else could satisfy their craving. The presence of magnesium in chocolate can account for the fact that during PMS (Post Menstrual Syndrome) craving for chocolate increases in women, as during this period a deficiency of magnesium may arise.

With all this contradictory information on the effects of chocolate on mood, one has to observe from one’s experiences and decide whether chocolate is right for one. But, certainly, large amounts of chocolate will effect us physically or emotionally one way or another.