Turritopsis Nutricula – A Living Fountain of Youth

According to an account written by Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo in Historia General y Natural de las Indias (1535) Spanish explorer Juan Ponce de Leon (1474-1521), the first governor of Puerto Rico (then called Boriquien) attempted to discover the fountain of youth, a mystical spring that restored youth to everyone who drank of its waters. Although the legend originally pointed to Ethiopia based on Book III of The History of Herodotus, when the Greek historian (c. 484 BC-c. 425 BC) wrote in c. 440 BC – "The Icthyophagi [a term cooperative with coastal dwellers] then in their turn questioned the king concerning the term of life, and diet of his people, and were told that most of them lived to be a hundred and twenty years old , while some even went beyond that age- they ate boiled flesh, and had for their drink nothing but milk.

When the Icthyophagi showed wonder at the number of the years, [Egyptian Pharaoh Amasis (570 BC-526 BC)] led them to a fountain [in Ethiopia], wherein when they had washed, they found their flesh all glossy and sleek, as if they had bathed in oil- and a scented came from the spring like that of violets. The water was so weak, they said, that nothing would float in it, neither wood, nor any lighter substance, but all went to the bottom. If the account of this fountain be true, it would be their constant use of the water from it, which makes them so long-lived " [1] – later stories pointed to an island called Boinca located in Benini or Bimini, the westernmost district of the Bahamas.

With Boinca in reach, Ponce de Leon made two attempts to locate the mystical fountain – one in 1513 and the other in 1521. Although accounts state he never found the fountain of youth, scientific evidence indicated he came tantalizingly close. Had he looked beneeth the pristine Caribbean waters, he might have spotted a biologically immortal (absence of a sustained rising rate of mortality as the result of increasing chronological age as stated by the Gompertz-Makeham law of mortality) jellyfish, the Turritopsis nutricula , which with its gelatinous composition (96% water, 3% salt / other compounds, and 1% carbon and nitrogen), glossy, transparent bell-shape and ability to revert back into a youngger state, is a living fountain of youth.

However, it was not until March 1992 when Giorgio Bavestrello, Christian Somner, and Michele Sará published Bi-directional conversion in Turritopsis nutricula that this living fountain of youth was unveiled. Unlike other jellyfish that usually die after propagating, Turritopsis nutricula , a tiny solitary organism that preys on shrimp brine, microscopic plankton, zooplankton, and other tiny organisms, demonstrated "a unique case of ontogeny (the development of an individual organism from embryo to adult ) reversal. "

Turritopsis nutricula , which originated in the Caribbean (but has spread throughout the world's oceans) is currently the only known organism where transdifferentiation (the irreversible transformation of cells from one differentiated type to another) takes place on an organismic level even though its individual parts, by themselves, are incapable of regeneration. Aside from Turritopsis nutricula's transdifferentiation, the phenomenon which per CDM Davey, Theory of Transdifferentiation (2 May 2006) "is a very rare event in nature," generally occurs on an organic level when certain organisms such as news and salamanders regenerate missing parts. In short, while switching of cell types occurs in rare instances, usually when an organism regenerates an organ or part, it is an integral phase in Turritopsis nutricula's life cycle.

With its ability to reverse the aging process – reverting back from a mature adult stage to immature polyp stage (its first stage of life) an indefinite number of times based on experimental results that indicated a 100% transformation rate based on a sample of 4000 Turritopsis nutricula medusae collected from the Gulf of Naples in the western Mediterranean from June 1993-October 1994, regardless of exposure to adverse conditions or type of stress factor or absence there as reported by Stefano Piraino, Ferdinando Boero, Brigitte Aeschbach, and Volker Schmid in Reversing The Life Cycle: Medusae Transforming into Polyps and Cell Transdifferentiation in Turritopsis nutricula (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) (Biology Bulletin, June 1996) – Turritopsis nutricula has no natural limit to its lifespan since it can effectively regenerate its entire body. Turritopsis nutricula basically utilizes transdifferentiation to address environmental stress factors (eg increase / reduction in water temperature, reduction in salinity (salt-content), scarcity of food, and even senescence (biological aging)) and to repair physical / internal damage (eg parts) of its body especially its bell are punctured or severed) regardless of stage. In addition, Turritopsis nutricula also engages in transdifferentiation following sexual activity regardless if stress conditions exist.

Although Turritopsis nutricula's transdifferentiation ability renders it biologically immortal, it is not naturally immortal per se. Like any jellyfish, it is subject to predation and disease (especially during the immature plankton stage; consequentially, the majority of those that succumb perish prior to the medusa (mature) stage). However, since the latter poses a reduced risk, the population of Turritopsis nutricula is currently rising unchecked prompting Maria Pia Miglietta, Ph.D. of the Smithsonian Tropical Marine Institute to declare, "We are looking at a worldwide silent invasion." [2]

Jellyfish and Turritopsis nutricula Life Cycles:

The typical jellyfish has a finite lifespan ranging from a few hours for smaller species to several months or even years for larger species. From the moment ofception, jellyfish typically under senescence with natural death ultimately resulting after propaganda. Turritopsis nutricula , on the other hand, avoids senescence because transdifferentiation or reversion back to a younger state enables it to maintain efficient DNA repair capabilities, retain high levels of antioxidants, and minimize production of free radicals (harmful oxidants that damage an organism's cellular ability to respond to homeostatic imbalances (loss of equilibrium), disease and other stress factors). In doing so, it avoids apoptosis or programmed cellular death. Transdifferentiation, which is a critical part of Turritopsis nutricula's life cycle is described below:

1. Eggs develop in gonads (located in the stomach walls) of female Turritopsis nutricula.

2. Mature eggs are fertilized by sperm released in columns of water by male Turritopsis nutricula.

3. Fertilized eggs develop into planula larvae that settle on the sea floor and establish polyp colonies called hydroids. Each polyp relies on minute feeding tubes for sustenance.

4. Each polyp then produces a medusa (jellyfish) bud.

5. Within a few days, the medusae (approximately 1 mm in diameter with eight even spaced tentacles) break away from the hydroid colony.

6. Within 18-30 days the medusae attain sexual sexual contingent upon mean water temperature (18-22 days for a mean temperature of 72º F; 25-30 days for a mean temperature of 68º F). Upon reaching pregnancy, Turritopsis nutricula jellyfish range in size from approximately 4-5 mm and consist of between 80-90 tentacles.

7. Turritopsis nutricula then engages in reverse metamorphosis inverting or gradually contracting its bell with "intensive DNA replication occurring in the cells of the exumbrella, the endoderm of the radial canals and those of the subumbrellar plate endoderm" per Reversing the Life Cycle: Medusae Transforming into Polyps and Cell Transdifferentiation in Turritopsis nutricula (Cnidaria, Hydrozoa) (Biology Bulletin, June 1996).

8. Its tentacles and meogloea (the middle layer) then shrink and are resorbed as Turritopsis nutricula regresses into a cyst or blob of tissue, settling onto a substrate (surface on which an organism grows or is attached).

9. Turritopsis nutricula jellyfish then produce stolons that develop into polyps within a few days to form another hydroid colony. Afterwards, each polyp produces a medusa bud as the cycle resumes from step 4 only to be repeated over and over again due to sexual activity or exposure to stress, the latter which increases DNA replication, a key prerequisite of the transdifferentiation process.

Conclusion:

Scientists and geneticists are currently studying Turritopsis nutricula to discover its remarkable ability to reverse the aging process. Although the method Turritopsis nutricula uses remains unknown, the organism's simplicity, genetic code (DNA could be structured to initiate reversion to polyp state when specific senescence, biological or stress conditions are met based on changes in chemical composition that could serve as a catalyst) potential partial (in which fusion of adult embryonic stem (ES) cells with pluripotent stem (PS) cells would like play a role in transdifferentiation) or complete retention of pluripotency (in which its entire stem cell count would consist of PS cells) may play a role. Turritopsis nutricula's transdifferentiation ability, though, is not solely reliant on stem cells. Instead, it is believed that interstitial (differentiating stem cells) along with differentiating secretory (exumbrella or bell), digestive / circulatory (gastrovascular), and / or striated muscle cells also play a role.

Should researchers absolutely untravel the mystery of how Turritopsis nutricula engages in transdifferentiation, the secret to biological immortality could be attained ending the millennia-long and often perceived quixotic search for the fountain of youth. However, should such a development occur, the range of socio-economic, demographic, generational and even ethnic (would lifespan be determined by government through euthanasia to respond to greater competition for limited, finite resources resulting from overpopulation?) Issues that would absolutely have to be addressed would be staggering and possibly impossible to resolve. Consequently, even if scientific research ultimately solves the mystery of this living fountain of youth, humanity may be, figuratively speaking, forbidden from drinking of its waters to maintain socio-economic, generational and moral stability especially since the alternative may result in significant unintended consequences that could even lead to Armageddon and human extinction.

Can Oral Thrush Be Contagious?

An oral yeast infection is also called mouth thrush or oral thrush and is very uncomfortable to live with, as well as being unpleasantly and unsightly. It is possible for this sort of yeast infection to also spread itself to the throat and the lips.

Put simply, yeast infections are caused by an excess growth of the candida albicans yeast which is naturally found in the body. If the yeast grows out of control, it becomes a problem which is commonly called thrush.

Thrush symptoms go hand in hand with other diseases and are often occurring in people who have a run down immune system or have recently taken antibiotics. It is simply an imbalance of the bodies natural organizations.

It is possible to spread thrush through direct contact, and therefore if you have any kind of yeast infection it is important to undertake good hygiene.

There are many options available as treatment. Some people like to take prescribed medicines which are available from your doctor, while others prefer a more natural remedy.

It should be noted that many natural remedies offer a money back guarantee which prescribed medications do not, and there before many people prefer to opt for these treatments knowing that the companies promoting them have confidence in their products.

It should be noted that if you opt to take prescribed drugs that your resistance to that medication will build up over time, making further treatments less effective. This is one side effect that does not occur with natural remedies.

What You Should Know – The Main Causes of Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is an infection caused by the Hepatitis A virus or abbreviated as HAV that can cause liver inflammation. Hepatitis A is common in the United States but there are other infections of such and Hepatitis A is only one of the three known hepatitis viruses in the United States; there is also Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C.

Far from the common complications of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C, Hepatitis A does not complicit to any known chronic condition in the body if the infected person. Hepatitis A causes inflammation and swelling of the liver but it is reversible and does not cause any long-term condition.

Hepatitis A does not have any recurrence in the person who got infected, since the body develops a lifelong immunity of the virus and easily wastes off another attempted infection. But however hepatitis A is more likely to cause outbreaks and epidemics because of its means of transmission.

Hepatitis A can be transmitted through contact with contaminated feces of the infected. This is commonly known as fecal-oral transmission. This transmission can manifest in many ways such as drinking in a contaminated water fountain, eating from food that has been contaminated with the virus, and eating raw seafood where water has been contaminated by the sewage.

The spread of the virus is more rapid on countries with poor sanitation and even to people with poor personal hygiene. Although in highly sanitized countries, infection of this virus can also occur most commonly on daycare centers, prisons, and mental institutions where sanitation is poor and the spread of the virus is most evident.

People who carry the HBV can start infecting other people in as early as a week after their initial infection of the virus. People who are at risk are the general public who practices unsafe sex with partners with HAV, people who travel to developing countries, men have sex with the same sex, people who come in contact with HAV infected patients at work

Among the three hepatitis known and hepatitis causes, Hepatitis A is far the most number of outbreaks and has the easiest way of transmission, but the good news is, a person can gain immunity against the infection and can not get infected again with hepatitis A and it has no chronic condition or irreversible damage to the infected person's body unlike the other hepatitis known.

It should always be considered that any sexually transmitted disease, such as the Hepatitis A, needs immediate treatment so that complications will not worsen. A good private clinic which specializes in the treatment for these types of diseases could help an STD victim considerably. Once you think you are infected with the Hepatitis virus, do not waste time! Immediately head to the nearest private clinic in order to save yourself from the worse things to happen.

Hepatitis A – This article will give you a full view of the instances or factors that mainly triggers the hepatitis A virus.

Liver Damage From Alcohol – Can It Be Reversed?

The liver is a vital organ and processes the chemicals we put in our bodies. Your liver can take damage from the excess drinking of alcohol. The question is – can this damage be reversed?

For you to be healthy, your liver has to be functioning properly. The liver performances critical functions such as taking the toxins and harmful chemicals out of your body, blood purification, and the liver also adds nutrients to your system.

Cirrhosis is the result of ungoing damage to your liver. In the early and intermediate stages, the damage is reversible, but since when the liver attempts to repair itself it takes some scarring, with more advanced cirrhosis and the continued consumption of alcohol, cumulative more extensive scarring will definitely shut down the liver function.

One of the biggest problems related to cirrhosis is it's not obvious. There are few if any symptoms until the damage is significant and these symptoms include:

– You congratulate more easily
– Jaundice (yellow in the eyes and skin)
– Weight loss
– You notice you are boring more with minor injuries
– You experience a loss of appetite
– Your abdomen area has accumulated fluids

So if you suspect that you may have cirrhosis, seeing a doctor is the first important step, and other steps you can take to stop the damage are:

– The most obvious is to take measures to stop drinking alcohol. A tall order no doubt, but drinking will continue the damage and scarring of the liver.

– Eat a healthy diet with plenty of fruits and vegetables. Avoid fatty foods.

– Cut back on salt. It is well known that salt causes your body to retain fluids, and heavy salt use can add to the abdominal swelling (and in some cases with liver damage, there can be fluid retention in the legs also).

– Cut back on any drugs you are taking, and avoid aspirin, ibuprofen and naproxen over the counter drugs. Remember, your liver not only has to process the alcohol, but every other drug you take into your system too.

Can liver damage be reversed? The good news is it can be reversed if you have not gone into the advanced stages of liver damage where the scarring is so severe from alcohol abuse that the scarring has interfered with the functioning of your liver.

How to Handle Mouth Ulcers

Recurrent mouth ulcers are a source of worry for many people worldwide. It is an apparently simple condition that causes much more pain than is expected. Because of its relative commonness in some societies, it has gotten itself a variety of names such as canker sore, aphthous stomatitis or aphthous ulcer. Commonly, mouth ulcer, canker sore or whatever name you wish to call it, involves painful open sores that will exist in the mouth, believed to be due to the breaking off of the overlying mucous membrane.

In most reported cases, mouth ulcers starts off with a sort of tingling or burning sensation at the spot where the future mouth ulcer will occur. After a few days, a blister forms in the mouth with the top quickly sloughed off resulting in a red spot or a bump, which will then be followed by an open ulcer. The mouth ulcer appears as a white or yellow oval with an inflated red border. Sometimes a white circle or halo around the lesion can be seen. The gray, white, or yellow colored area within the red boundary is due to the formation of layers of fibrin around the ulcer.

When at this final stage, a mouth ulcer, in common cases can be as wide as 3mm, while in extreme cases it could be as large as 1cm (in extremely rare cases, though). The main ulcer body can be really painful when agitated specifically with the presence of food in the mouth. This is perhaps the most unacceptable part of the disease. Also, mouth sores are often accompanied by painful swelling of the lymph nodes below the jaw and this fact tends to make people confuse canker sores for toothache, initially.

Several reasons and factors have been cited as the cause of mouth ulcers, although none seems to be comprehensive yet. Some evidence points to the role of infections like herpes, cytomegalovirus and yeast as the cause of mouth ulcers. However, several other viruses that have not even been conclusively identified are also being researched for their role in the cause of mouth ulcers.

Moreover, a person's immune system seems to play an important role in the cause of mouth ulcers, in some people. This process is known as an autoimmune reaction, in which in the response to certain allergies, such as chemicals in toothpastes and / or mouthwashes, a person's immune system causes the formation of blisters in the mouth which then open up to result in ulcers. Although, no studies have been able to isolate bacteria or viruses enough to establish definite roles in mouth ulcers, some studies have shown a rise in a person's immunity against herpes and cytomegalovirus when that person suffers mouth ulcers.

Mouth ulcers may last a couple of days or in some cases, up to about 4 weeks, with the pain and discomfort persisting through. They may disappear without treatment, though this rarely occurs.

There are several ways to prevent and manage mouth ulcers. However, the best prevention of the disease unarguably requires sound dental hygiene which eliminates the presence of harmful microbes in the mouth, and to avoid / reduce spicy, acidic or salty foods and drinks, which tend to predispose to it.

Medicically, there are only a few treatment options available to choose from. In most cases, your doctor will have to inject a small amount of a type of cortisone called triamcinolone into each ulcer. This will get rid of the ulcers rather quickly, but it will not prevent them from repeating. However, the best home remedy you can employ is to pour salt on the surface of the main ulcer. This could really be painful though, but it relieves you of the continuous, daily pain that companies mouth ulcers.

The US Food and Drug Administration has approved the use of an oral paste known as amlexanox (Aphthasol). When applied, this paste reduces the swelling and discomfort of mouth ulcers. Moreover, clinical trials reported in recent journals, have established the efficiency of several treatment options for mouth ulcers. Some of these include the use of prednisone to suppress immunity (reducing autoimmune responses that are believed to cause mouth ulcers in some people), pentoxifylline, a drug that increases blood flow to the mouth, thalidomide to reduce blood flow to the area affected by the ulcer, acyclovir to kill herpes, and colchicine, a gout medication.

As you can see, there are several options available when you really need to battle that troublesome sore in your mouth. You only need to choose the option most suited to you or contact your physician immediately you feel like a canker sore or mouth ulcer, for advice.

Constipation – Immediate Relief – Take High Fiber Fruits to Cure Constipation

Constipation cure is an individual's best friend especially during a bout of constipation. In fact there are various types of constipation remedy, you have the otc remedies such as constipation laxatives, the home made remedies, natural and alternative remedies.

But are you aware that consuming excellent amounts of high fiber fruits is enough to be considered as constipation remedy? As constipation is due to an individual's lack of balanced diet, like for example, lack of fiber in the diet, certain fruits contain an amazing amount of fiber that could make up for the lack of fiber in an unbalanced diet and pave the way for constipation treatment.

Be aware that while these fruits are enough for some people to treat acute or occasional constipation problem, there are other kinds of constipation relief for people with chronic constipation.

Tired of eating vegetables? Try fruits to remedy constipation problem.

Here are some of the most widely recommended fruits you can use to alleviate your problem with constipation. It is up to you if you prefer non-organic or organic fruits. Either way, you would still get the same amount of fiber, though minus the pesticides in organic fruits. So be sure to consume the fruits you bought as soon as possible because the longer the fruit sits on your fruit basket, the more they lose their essential nutrients.

1. Apricot. Apricots are natural laxatives, fiber rich and contain the most important vitamins A and C. It's also high in potassium content as well as many other minerals. You could choose from fresh and dried apricots, but dried apricots are usually higher in essential vitamins and minerals. But those who have ulcers must avoid dried fruits for they can trigger hyperacidity.

2. Blueberry. Blueberries are natural constipation laxatives and these fruits are known for its effect on reducing inflammations. Because it is a natural laxative and an anti-inflammatory substance at the same time, it's good for constipation immediate relief and lower inflammations in the intestinal tract that is due to constipation. Blueberries also contain anthocyanosides known to carry off certain viruses and bacteria.

3. Cherry. Cherries, other than being delectable are also known as the best bets for constipation cure since they contain components that could trigger peristaltic action in the intestinal tract. Also cherries are high in fiber, potassium, Vitamins B1 and B2, niacin and folic acid.

4. Grape. Grape fruits are rich in fiber, manganese, minerals and vitamins. These fruits have a laxative effect, so consuming at least 2 lbs of grapes daily would provide constipation relief for those people with occasional constipation problem.

5. Mangoes. Aside from being delectable, mangoes are perfect for constipation relief since it contains ample amount of fiber, vitamin C and other vitamins and essential minerals.

6. Papaya. Aside from being rich in beta carotene, papaya is also rich in papain and other essential mineral and vitamins. The papain enzyme provides constipation cure and helps in removing mucus in the intestines and colon. Papaya also helps in reducing cell wastes.

7. Prunes and Plums. Plums are rich in minerals which are great for cleansing the gastrointestinal tract and colon. Prunes, on other hand are discharged plums and have high iron content. While both fruits have laxative effect, prunes are proven to have a more constipation laxative effect than plums.

How to Cure Yeast Vaginal Infections

Candida is the family name a yeast type fungus. The most common is called Candida albicans. Typically the infection is with Women, but Men can also contract Candida. The most common occurrence is Vaginitis for woman, others are oral thrush, athletes foot, jock itch, ringworm, nappy rash. Candida yeast can migrate through the blood stream which is then called a systemic yeast infection, which is rare.

The first symptom is usually the itch, which then becomes itchier and quite annoying. In the case of yeast vaginal infections a white discharge can occur, redness, swelling, with a burning pain and discomfort during intercourse. These are some other symptoms, Memory loss, sugar cravings, Headaches, Bad breath, Shortness of breath, Diarrhoea, panic attacks, Mood swings, blurred vision, Impotence, bloating, Rectal itching, Menstrual pain, Constipation, Dandruff, Severe itching, Sore throat, abdominal pain, burning tongue, chronic dental problems, anxiety, white spots on the tongue and in the mouth, respiratory illness, diabetes, endometriosis, gas, Nagging cough, brown colored mucus in the back of the throat, hyperacidity / acid reflux , kidney and bladder infections, Skin lesions, Canker sores, Alcohol intolerance, Food allergies, difficulty swallowing, Hypoglycaemia, tingling sensations, asthma

Systemic Yeast Infections. When the infections are left untreated, it becomes more difficult to treat. If a Candida overgrowth happens the fungus can travel via the bloodstream and tries to attack organs in the body. This is called systemic yeast infection and is a rare condition.

Causes of Candida Infections. Antibiotic drugs are good at killing infections, but in the action of wiping out the invader the side effect is they can also kill the good bacteria. These good bacteria help inhibit the fungus going into overgrowth. Fungus feed on sugar. If there is an over abundance of sugar, yeast will flourish. Hormones. For women, when there is a hormone imbalance of estrogen and progesterone, this decreases the pH (more acid). This is a good environment for overgrowth yeast infection. This is the reason why vaginal infections are common for pregnant women or women with other menstrual disorders. Stress and Anxiety makes the adrenal glands produce the anti-stress hormone called Cortisol. Other causes are Obesity, sugar cravings, Birth control pills containing Estrogen, high levels of mercury, lack of sleep, poor personal hygiene, excess steroid use prolonged skin areas to water, fatigue.

Special Food Diets most of the time do not cure the problem. The general reduction in sugar and yeast based diets reduce the symptoms, and as soon as the diet changes the infection will return.

For immediate relief of Yeast Vaginal Infections using off the shelf products.
Briefly soak a tampon in the unsweetened yogurt with Lactobacillus acidophilus bacteria and insert overnight until the symptoms clear. Or lightly apply Tea Tree oil to a tampon plus a lubricant like olive oil or KY Jelly, overnight until symptoms clear. For skin infections using natural antifungal agents like garlic paste upon on the skin or rub Tea Tree oil into the affected area, also good for nail infections.

For infections that are Systemic, Oxygen based therapy using Hydrogen Peroxide is a cheap product that kills Candida because it is rich in oxygen, and does not harm the beneficial bacteria. Food grade Hydrogen Peroxide can be taken orally. Your Chemist or Drug Store sells it at 35% concentration, which must be diluted first. For a do-it yourself recipe, for week one, mix 1 drops of Hydrogen Peroxide into 6-8 ounce (approx 200ml) of distilled water and drink 3 times a day on an empty stomach. For week two increase to 2 drops then 3 drops on the third week. This will detoxify your body, and cause stored toxins to come out quickly. This is usually unpleasant for the first few days (toxic flush syndrome), after this you will feel a lot better. Follow up with Probiotics after, ie not at the same time. Using Probiotics is also beneficial because Lactobacillus Acidophilus bacterium also produce Hydrogen Peroxide. There are many Probiotic products available at the grocery store or health store.

FYI: Candida Albicans has also been spelt incorrectly as Candida Albican .

Abdominal Cramps and Diarrhea

Abdominal cramps and diarrhea are symptoms that may come with various diseases. These diseases include gastritis, food poisoning, irritable bowel syndrome, parasitic infections, diverticulitis, and traveler's diarrhea. Diarrhea is a disease where a person suffers from abnormal bowel movements. A bowel movement would have considered abnormal if it occurs more than thrice in a day. Abdominal cramps are caused by spasms or muscle contractions.

It can be said that abdominal cramps and diarrhea tells us about the irritation that our colon or the digestive system faces for various reasons. It is often said that it is through diarrhea that our body frees itself from various unwanted substances. Bacterial infections can also trigger diarrhea.

In short, what we eat has lot to do with abdominal cramps and diarrhea. Eating of unhygienic or under prepared food items often causes food poisoning, irritable bowel syndrome, and gastritis. People who have allergies from various foodstuffs can also suffer from diarrhea.

Apart from the above mentioned cases, abdominal cramps are seen in women who are undergoing their menopause. This is a period of their life cycle when they undergo some biological changes and that may cause the cramps on the muscles of the abdomen. Women who are having their period also suffer this kind of cramps.

Abdominal cramps can also signify infections of the colon. This is the reason that such cramps are one of the symptoms of ulcerative colitis. However, a patient of this disease also suffers from blood diarrhea.

Quite often a person suffering from diarrhea and abdominal cramp can also have feelings of nausea. There are antibiotics that can control these cramps and diarrhea. It is also very important that one should keep his body hydrated during diarrhea.

It is always better to be safe than sorry. Lead a hygienic and healthy life style and you will not suffer from abdominal cramps and diarrhea too often.

Tuberculosis – Symptoms, Tuberculosis Causes, Types and Treatment

About Tuberculosis:

Tuberculosis is a common and very dangerous as well as a contagious disease which can be caused by a range of strains of mycobacteria. Generally Mycobacterium tuberculosis attacks in humans. The most frequent attack can be held in the lungs of human being however, the disease can also spread to other parts of the body. It can be spread through the air. Mainly the disease can attack through the infected person's cough, sneeze, or spit. It is a contagious disease and therefore, precaution is to be needed for infected person's cough, sneeze, or spit.

Many people in the world are being infected with this disease as it is one of the most frequent and a fearsome disease and it can be measured as one third of the total world population who are now almost infected with this disease. According to WHO estimation in the year 2007, there were 13.7 million chronic active cases, which had been seen mostly in the developing countries and out of all there were 9.3 million new cases, and 1.8 million deaths were in the estimation report.

A chronic cough with blood-tinged sputum, fever, night sweats, and weight loss are the most common symptoms of this disease. Therefore, it has been shown now that, if a person experiences continuous cough from three weeks he / she has to consult doctors immediately.

Causes

Tuberculosis is caused by bacterial attack and it is a contagious disease. The name of the bacteria which attacks human is Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is caused mostly in immunodeficient people.

Symptoms

The important symptoms of Tuberculosis are chest pain, coughing up blood, and a productive and lingering cough for more than three weeks. There are some of the systemic symptoms of this disease too and these are persistent fever, chills, frequently getting night sweats, immediate appetite loss, weight loss, whiteness, and feeling exhausted in most of the time. The infected person has odorous mucus. Some of the extra pulmonary infections can be included, like the pleura in tuberculosis pleurisy for which the central nervous system gets affected.

Types:

It is basically of two types rarely Tuberculosis meningitis and Tuberculosis Pericarditis. Some other causes of Tuberculosis are simply – M. bovis, M. africanum, M. canetti and M. microti and M. africanum.

Treatment:

The killing of the bacteria is involved as the main treatment of Tuberculosis. There are many useful treatments available to get good result however, the treatments of Tuberculosis are really critical because the patients lose the support of the immune system and because high powerful antibiotic may affect differently. Most importantly, the unusual structure and chemical composition of the myco bacterial cell wall makes ineffective the entry of drugs and also that hinders several antibiotic. Generally, it requires much time to remove the bacteria from the body permanently and therefore the patient has to be fit for active treatment.

WHO recommended Directly Observed Treatment Short-course which is abbreviated as DOTS in 1970 as it was a proven medication. There is multi drug resistant tuberculosis treatment, used as first-line medication, and the second-line medication is anti tuberculosis which is necessary to cure the patient.

Complications of Lymphedema

Any health ailment, if left untreated, can lead to serious complications; it is the same with lymphedema, if due care is not taken, the condition can aggravate leading to serious complications that may be impossible to treat. Changes in the physical appearance are quite common, along with impaired body movement which has a substantial impact on the daily activity of the individual. In the past, only a few complications of lymphedema were documented, but with recent research, the lists have gotten bigger and more detailed. Some complications of lymphedema are listed below:

1. The most common complication is cellulitis, which is a bacterial skin infection causing redness, swelling and pain in the area. Lymphangitis, another complication, involves swelling of the lymph glands.

2. Drained wounds in lymphedema patients may cause scarring of the skin surrounding the wound.

3. Fluid accumulation may cause a pressure on the nerves resulting in severe pain. Loss of muscle tissue could also cause pain.

4. Loss of function of the limbs is another complication of lymphedema that has a great impact on the patient's life.

5. Lymphedema, by itself has a psychological effect on the individual. Coping with the stress of daily activities which becomes increasingly difficult due to disfigurement may lead to depression.

6. Deep vein thrombosis or formation of blood clots may be a side effect of the lymphedema swelling. Deep vein thrombosis could also be a result of lymphangitis or cellulitis where swelling is observed.

7. If infections are not attended to in time, gangrene or sepsis might set in and complicate matters even more. Sometimes the affected limb may even have to be amputated.

8. Complications of the skin like plaque or cracked skin is a recurrent occurrence for lymphedema patients. Bacterial infections are also quite common.

9. The most severe complication of lymphedema is lymphangiosarcoma, a cancer of the lymph glands. Angiosarcoma is the cancer of the soft tissues which may also be seen in long term lymphedema patients.

10. Lymphoma, a kind of cancer in the lymph glands, may be observed in people having hereditary lymphedema as they are high risk candidates for the disease.

Due to a weakened immune system, patients face a number of complications of lymphedema. It usually forms a vicious cycle; with frequent attacks of infection, immunity is reduced leaving the body prone to more infections. Treatment for any infection must be quick and doctors may prescribe a daily dose of phenoxymethyl penicillin 500mg as medication.

The most vulnerable part of the body is the skin. Infection may gain entry through a cut or a crack in the skin and progress to the lymphatic system and stir up other complications of lymphedema. Here, as a preventive measure the skin must be kept scrupulously clean with a regular cleansing and moisturizing routine. It is necessary to prevent injuries and insect bites as well. Early treatment of infection will prevent serious problems in future, so it is worth to be regularly monitored by a doctor for any initial signs of infection.

Cardiologists – What You Need to Know Before You Go

Cardiologists are medical doctors specifically trained in diagnosing and treating disorders of the heart or vascular system. Common areas of diagnosis and treatment may include congenital defects, coronary artery disease, heart failure, heart valve disorders, and pathological problems with the electrical system of the heart. Most of the treatment modalities in this specialty are non-surgical. In comparison, cardiothoracic and cardiovascular surgeons treat heart problems with surgical interventions such as sternotomy.

The training for cardiologists is intensive and rigorous. In addition to the usual four years of medical school, they are required to complete at least three years in a general internal medicine maintenance program and another three or more years in specialized fellowship heart training. The American Board of Internal Medicine is the governing body that conducts cardiology examinations and provides board certification to doctors across the country. The American College of Cardiology grants professional design to certain cardiologists based on their outstanding performance, achievements, credentials and community contributions. The most common way to be appointed as a fellow of the American College of Cardiology is through a letter from a superior or peer.

Patients are often referred to cardiologists when their primary care provider feels their situation or symptoms would benefit from the input of a physician that specializes in the heart. Specific symptoms that may raise a red flag include shortness of breath with or without exertion, chest pain, fatigue, dizziness, syncope, detection of a heart murmur, family history of heart problems, or a specific diagnoses of cardiovascular disease. Tests may include measures of the electrical activity of the heart and stress testing while walking on a treadmill. X-rays and laboratory blood analysis can also be helpful in assisting physicians in diagnosing specific heart problems.

Disorders of the heart may be due to a variety of causes including atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease, angina, myocardial infarction, ventricular fibrillation, pulseless electrical activity, asystole, sudden cardiac death, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, ventricular hypertrophy, myxomal tumors, aortic insufficiency or stenosis, mitral valve prolapse, or Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Some common congenital heart disorders include atrial septal defect, patent ductus arteriosus, Tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great vessels, and truncus arteriosus. Each disorder is recognized by a specific pattern of physical disease or blood test. Interventions aimed at reducing symptoms or saving a life may include surgical and non-surgical aspects.

Cardiologists prescribe a variety of medications including sodium channel blockers, potassium channel blockers, beta-adrenergic blockers, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor antagonists, and calcium channel blockers. Each type of treatment is aimed at a different function of the heart or its electrical system and can be specifically tailor to meet the needs of the specific patient disorder. Medication management and routine analysis of interactions are often paramount for cardiology patients as they tend to be older and on a lot of other concurrent medications for other diseases and disorders.

If you have questions about your heart, consult your primary care physician or a cardiologist in your area today. Be sure to find a doctor you can talk openly with that will listen to your questions and concerns without hesitation.

Mitral Valve Regurgitation and Aortic Valve Regurgitation – Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment

Mitral valve regurgitation and aortic valve regurgitation are valvular heart diseases in which the mitral and aortic valves do not function efficiently, leading to backward flow of blood. Common symptoms for both conditions include breathlessness, fatigue, chest pain, cough and symptoms of right or left ventricular failure. Rheumatic heart disease is a common cause in developing countries whereas mitral valve prolapse and aortic valve prolapse, resulting from myxomatous degeneration, are common causes of these two conditions respectively in developed countries. Coronary artery disease resulting in myocardial ischemia or myocardial infarction can also result in valvular regurgitation.

While these two conditions are separate clinical entities with distinct clinical features, the under mechanism in both is the same. Since the principles of Ayurvedic treatment for both conditions are the same, these two conditions have been clubbed together in this article. The main stay of treatment for both conditions is surgery. Ayurvedic medicines can be given as additional therapy to improve the function of the valves, control symptoms, prevent or delay heart failure and also prevent other long term complications. Medicines are given to strengthen the tendons which are attached to the valves inside the chamber of the heart. Medicines like Trayodashang-Guggulu, Laxadi-Guggulu, Maha-Rasnadi-Guggulu, Panch-Tikta-Ghrut-Guggulu, Tapyadi-Loh, Ekang-Veer-Ras, Drakshasav, Dashmoolarishta, Amalaki (Emblica officinalis), Haritaki (Terminalia chebula) Draksha (Vitis vinifera), Manjishtha (Rubia cordifolia), Saariva (Hemidesmus indicus), Nimba (Azadirachta indica), Patol (Tricosanthe dioica), Patha (Cissampelos pareira), Musta (Cyperus rotundus), Kutaj (Holarrhina antidysentrica), Laxa Purified wax), Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and Asthishrunkhala (Cissus quadrangularis) are used for this purpose. These medicines help in efficient closure of the valves and reduce the degree of mitral valve and aortic valve prolapse.

Medicines like Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Shrung-Bhasma, Maha-Laxmi-Vilas-Ras, Arjunarishta and Punarnavadi-Qadha are used to treat heart failure. Medicines like Medohar-Guggulu, Triphala (Three fruits), Trikatu (Three pungent herbs), Psyllium (Plantago ovata), Guggulu (Commiphora mukul), Lashuna (Allium sativum), Chavya (Piper retrofractrum) and Chitrak (Plumbago zeylanica) are used to prevent coronary artery disease from progressing.

Acute breathlessness resulting from valve regurgitation constituents a medical emergency and requires treatment in an intensive care unit. Ayurvedic medicines can be given to patients with mitral and aortic valve regurgitation who are not fit for surgery or who would like to try alternative medical options before opting for surgery. All patients affected with these conditions should be under the regular supervision and care of a Cardiologist.

Fish Oil Reduces Risk of Heart Attack

Historically and culturally, consumption of Omega-3 fatty acids, otherwise known as fish oils, has been thought to help the human body fight off heart disease and heart attacks.

Today, more and more studies are showing that there is a strong correlation between Omega-3 fatty acids and markedly lower instances of cardiovascular disease, stroke, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and heart attacks, among many other health benefits.

These studies have caused the American Heart Association to take notice and suggest that individuals who have heart disease consider a diet that is supplemented with Omega-3 fatty acids either in capsule form or from a higher consumption of fish that are high in Omega-3 fatty acids. These studies show promise in the fight against heart disease and heart attack and are even providing strong evidence that post-heart attack patients can benefit from a higher intake of fish oils in order to lower their chances of a second heart attack.

Why Are Fish Oils Good for a Healthy Heart?

Omega-3 fatty acids are made up of three basic components: DHA (docosahexaenoic acid), EPA (eicosapentaenoic acid) and ALA (alpha-linolenic acid). These three acids work individually and in tandem to reduce different risks that are associated with heart disease and heart attack.

DHA is considered to be the most important of the three acids and is essential to heart health. Unfortunately, our bodies are not able to manufacture the amount of DHA that we need in order to stay healthy. This factor alone makes it necessary to get the amount of DHA we need through diet or dietary supplements. Consider for a moment that DHA is found in our brains and is directly linked to its function. Not only could you be helping your heart, but higher brain function can also be an added benefit with the addition of fish or fish oil supplements to your diet.

Fish and fish oils are the best vehicles for providing the necessary DHA our bodies require. Thus, the consumption of fish or fish oil in capsule form provides the highest amounts of Omega-3 acids.

Omega-3 acids are also important in helping to decrease the risk of atherosclerosis and arrhythmias, which are major contributors to heart disease and heart attack. Being able to reduce these two factors is an important reason to increase the intake of fish oils.

Reducing inflammation and the production of prostaglandin are also important for a healthy heart. Prostaglandins are one of the main causes of inflammation in the vascular system. Omega-3 fatty acids look for the same areas to bind with COX 1 enzymes that Omega-6 fatty acids look for. Since the Omega-6 fatty acids are converted to a much more active form of prostaglandin by COX 1 and COX 2 enzymes than Omega-3 fatty acids are, it is essential that the sites for binding the Omega-6 acids are blocked by the Omega -3 aids. In general, the Omega-3 acids that are converted to prostaglandins are between two and fifty times less active than those produced by Omega-6 fatty acids.

Another reason why fish oils are good for a healthy heart is that they help to reduce triglycerides (the chemical form in which fats exist in the body), which are a leading cause of coronary artery disease, which is a major cause of heart attacks. When taking the American Heart Association recommended 2 to 4 gram dose of DHA and EPA, triglycerides can be reduced by as much as 50%.

Another benefit of taking Omega-3 fatty acids is that the DHA and EPA help prevent blood clots and lower blood pressure. High blood pressure and blood clots are not a good combination. These two factors alone can create an environment in your body that is conducive to stroke or heart failure.

Other benefits that help reduce the chance of heart attack or heart disease are the possibility that Omega-3 acids increase HDL (good) cholesterol and that it may help in keeping arteries and blood vessels from closing back up after bypass surgery or angioplasty procedures.

Finally, when considering whether or not you should supplement your diet with fish oil capsules or by eating more fish, you should look at the benefits that can be derived from it, then schedule an appointment and talk with your doctor about the amount of Omega- 3 aids you should take.

Evidence Supports Taking Omega-3 Supplements for Vascular Health

In a study published in August of 2009 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, data shown that taking Omega-3 supplements help to prevent and reduce problems that lead to cardiovascular diseases in both healthy people and individuals who have existing heart conditions or who have suffered from cardiac events. Some studies are also showing that Omega-3 fatty acids reduce LDL cholesterol, which is a leading cause of plaque build-up in arms.

The studies were done with groups numbered in the thousands and over periods of time ranged from twenty to thirty years. The most surprising evidence was that which showed a sharp decrease in cardiovascular related deaths after a cardiovascular-related event such heart attack or stroke.

Previous studies have always pointed to positive links between the reduction of heart disease and heart attack and Omega-3 fatty acids. In these studies, patients who consumed some form of Omega-3 fatty acids at least twice per week had much lower instances of plaque or clots in their arteries than those who did not. The reason for this is due to the clot and plaque inhibiting agents found in Omega-3 fatty acids.

In population-based studies, evidence pointing towards Omega-3 acid intake from fish as a primary aid in the prevention of strokes caused by the buildup of plaque in the treaties. Those eating two or more servings of fish per week reduced their risk of stroke by nearly 50%.

Randomized clinical trials backed by the American Heart Association have shown that Omega-3 supplements can also reduce cardiovascular events, specifically death related to heart attacks, stroke and heart failure.

One such study, the Lyon Diet Heart Study, tested the effects of a Mediterranean-style diet that included fish consumed in moderate amounts. The study was performed on 302 experimental subjects and 303 control-group subjects, all of which had survived a first heart attack and all of what shared similar coronary risk factors. After one year the beneficial effects on 93% of the experimental subjects were so overwhelmingly positive that the study was concluded. The most notable result after a four-year check up was a 50 to 70 percent lower of the risk of recurrent heart disease. This study, alone, showed the benefits of a diet increase in Omega-3 fatty acids and the protective effects of these acids on the vascular system.

Studies have also shown that cultures who have a diet high in fish oil, specifically Inuit, Chinese and Mediterranean cultures, also have lower incidence of heart disease, heart attack and stroke. However, as the popularity of fast food and foods high in saturated fats has grown among these diverse cultures, the instances of heart disease, heart attack and stroke due to the build-up of plaque and high blood pressure have gone up considerably.

These studies show, overwhelmingly, that there is a correlation between the intake of Omega-3 fatty acids and not only good heart health, but also healthy recovery and prevention of recurring instances of heart disease, vascular disease, heart attack, plaque build-up and heart failure. Ignoring the evidence presented in these studies would be the worst possible scenario. Omega-3 fatty acids are not produced in any significant amount by our bodies, so it is integral that we get them through other sources such fish, fish oils and fish oil supplements. Otherwise, we can expect more and more problems associated with vascular disease and heart disease.

An Ounce of Prevention

The hard evidence of all of the major studies points towards Omega-3 fatty acids as preventatives for heart disease, stroke, plaque build-up, heart attack and vascular disease. Studies have also shown that fish oil supplements can also be more helpful than some cholesterol-reducing drugs when patients who suffer from chronic heart failure use it. Patients who suffer from an enlarged heart that can not pump blood efficiently may be able to use fish oil supplements that are high in Omega-3 fatty acids to reduce the risks associated with high cholesterol.

The exciting news coming from a recent study that involved four different trials with nearly 40,000 participants showed that the heart healthy aspects of fish oil were not just limited to patients suffering from heart problems. The study revealed that these benefits actually primary in the prevention of cardiovascular disease. Further evidence shown positive advantages in patients need treatment after heart attacks and in patients suffering from heart failure.

As the evidence mounts and it becomes more and more obvious that Omega-3 fatty acids are a primary source of heart health and prevention of different vascular diseases, the push will be for people to be educated about what practices they can utilize to increase their intake of fish oils and fish oil supplements. Most cardiologists and scientists involved in these studies agree that the majority of the population can easily make the necessary changes in their diet habits to reach the recommended depths of Omega-3 acids their bodies need.

For most people, the recommendation, based on the different studies that have been done, is 500 milligrams per day. However, for those suffering from heart disease that amount should be increased to between 800 and 1,000 milligrams per day. Another factor in the amount that should be taken is family history. If your relatives, especially immediate relatives, such as parents, grandparents or great-grand parents, have suffered from heart disease or vascular disease your intake should be in the 800 to 1,000 milligram category. Even if you have not suffered from heart disease or heart attack, you should take this amount as a preventative.

Exactly how to achieve the level of Omega-3 fatty acids that your body needs in order to prevent heart disease and heart attacks can be absolutely up to you and what works for your lifestyle. The easiest way to get the appropriate levels is through some form of dietary supplement. There are numerous supplements on the market today that are appropriate for this purpose. The most important thing to be aware of is the purity of the fish oil. Not all fish oils are equal in the amounts of pure Omega-3 fatty acids that they have in them. There is much evidence that suggest higher than normal mercury and lead levels in some fish. Obviously, these toxins are not appropriate for consumption. In order for mercury and other toxins to be removed, fish oil must go through the process of molecular distillation. This process purifies the fish oil and makes it ready for consumption.

At this time there are three principal types of fish oil supplements on the market: pharmaceutical grade fish oil, health food grade fish oil and lastly, cod liver oil. Pharmaceutical grade fish oil is processed using molecular distillation. This process eliminates toxins such as lead, mercury and PCBs. As a result the fish oil is the purest form of Omega-3 fatty acids available. Pharmaceutical grade fish oil, since it is the purest form available, is approximately 1,000 times more pure than health food grade fish oil because of the technologically advanced processes used to distill it. This ensures that even the smallest particulate level toxins have been removed leaving only the purest form of Omega-3 fatty acids. One thing to keep in mind is that because of the processes involved and the purity level of the fish oil produced, this grade of fish oil is the most expensive.

Health food grade fish oil is also molecularly distilled to remove toxins and contains the high levels of Omega-3 fatty acids our bodies need for continued heart health and heart disease prevention. One capsule can contain up to 300 milligrams of Omega-3 fatty acids and is generally perfect for anyone needing to supplement their diet intake of fish oils. These fish oils, however, do not go through the same technologically advanced and rigorous processes that pharmaceutical grade fish oils go through. One advantage to health food grade fish oils is that most of the labels on the bottles will state what type of fish the oil was harvested from. These fish oils, since they are much lower in contaminants and toxins that standard cod liver oil, are perfectly suitable for consumption on a daily basis or as an additional boost to a diet that includes fish high in Omega-3 fatty acids. These supplements are obviously less expensive than pharmaceutical grade fish oil and generally fall into the mid-range of cost.

Cod liver oils are the lowest grade oils that contain Omega-3 fatty acids. Cod liver oil is generally inexpensive, however, if taken in too high amounts of the toxins that are in this oil can build up in the body. Cod liver oil is not as refined as pharmaceutical or health food grade fish oil supplements which means that it will contain contaminants and toxins such as lead, mercury, PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) and even DDT (dichlor-diphenyl-trichlorethylene). Most experts do not recommend the use of cod liver oil for Omega-3 fatty acid intake or supplementation, especially in high doses.

Some considerations when taking fish oil supplements are the side effects. While most of the side effects are not hazardous, they could be considered inconvenient. The most commonly worrisome side effect is the possibility of mercury contamination. However, if you are taking a supplement that has been molecularly distilled you do not need to worry about this at all. Health food grade and pharmaceutical grade fish oil supplies contain, at most, trace amounts of mercury and in most cases none at all. As mentioned previously, the one source that contains the most mercury is cod liver oil. The most common side effect reported by those adding fish oil supplements to their diet was burping and a fishy aftertaste or smell. Overall, though, compared to the benefits of taking fish oil supplements that side effects are safe and easy to live with.

Either freezing the capsules or taking the capsules with a meal easily diminishes the two common side effects associated with these supplements. Read the labels on the bottle, though. Some manufacturers recommend against freezing these products.

For most people who want to increase their intake of Omega-3 fatty acids, eating fish is one of the easiest ways to achieve this. Typically, eating fish twice per week will allow you to get the levels of fish oil you need. Keep in mind, though, that some fish do not contain enough fish oil to be beneficial. Catfish, for instance, is a fish that has little to no Omega-3 fatty acid. Sablefish on the other hand is one of the safest fish to eat once per week and 100 grams of this fish contains approximately 1,490 milligrams of omega-3 fatty acids. This is more than enough to help in the prevention of heart problems such as heart disease and heart attack.

Historically and scientifically fish oils have been shown to decrease the chance of heart attack and heart failure as well as prevent these diseases after a cardiac event. With all of the information available about the health benefits of Omega-3 fatty acids and their preventative effects on heart disease, heart attacks, stroke and vascular disease, it's easy to see that increasing the intake of these helpful oils should be a priority for almost everyone.

CNN: Air Pollution Number One Cause of Heart Attack – Must Have Tulsi Tea

Air pollution has now been proven by medical researchers according to CNN, today, February, 24, 2011 to not only cause lung cancer but it is the number one cause for a heart attack.

Tulsi tea can be taken every day. It is pleasant tasting calming experience. Tulsi tea is an expectorant and a cardioapathy. Tulsi works on the lungs to soothe dry toxic deficient lung tissue.It is used in India today, an ayurvedic medicine it is used to treat bronchitis, asthma and re-occurring respiratory infections.

One of the best books that I have used to educate my patients about Tulsi Tea is: Tulsi: The Mother Medicine of Nature

One of the actions of Tulsi tea is to keep the toxins that get into the lungs out of the body. It does that by maintaining a mild flow of water in the cell of the lungs and the heart to keep those toxins dissolving and moving out of the body through urine, feces and sweat. Tulsi tea acts like a very mild laxative to keep toxins moving out of the body. The beautiful aspect of Tulasi tea is that it pacifies vata, pitta and kapha so its for all body types.

One of the major actions of Tulasi tea is called hridya that means heart tonic. Tulasi tea helps when the heart is in heavy stress as in exposed to air pollution. Tulsi strengnthes cardiovascular system. Tulsi tea improves elasticity and dilation in artery and vein system.

Air pollution can be managed by cleaning the lungs, protecting the nose from the air inhaled, and regenerating the tissue of the nose, lungs and heart.

Three Things to Do:

Drink Tulasi tea daily.

Sniff nose ayurvedic oil into the nose daily.

Take Pippali Ghee, one teaspoon daily.

A Silent Killer – Inflammation

Inflammation is a biological response of the body to protect itself from harmful internal and external stimuli and start healing. It is a part of the body’s immune system and protects us from infections, wounds and tissue damage. Inflammation can be acute where it can start quickly and become severe in a short span of time. For example, acute inflammation can cause diseases and conditions like sinusitis, a sore throat from a cold, acute bronchitis, etc. Inflammation can be chronic in response to unwanted toxins in the body like cigarette smoke or excess body fat. This may extend from months to years that may lead to conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, asthma and non-infectious conditions like tuberculosis, peptic ulcer, hepatitis, etc.

What causes chronic inflammation?

  • Stress: Stress causes activity in the brain that can lead to physical pain which may lead to an inflammatory response in the body. Hence, people suffering from stress may experience inflammation.

  • Poor diet: Some foods like simple sugars, high fructose corn syrup, refined flours, trans-fat-rich foods, processed meat, fried foods, etc. can trigger the inflammatory response in the body. So the consumption of these food items should be restricted.
  • Unhealthy lifestyle: Consumption of alcohol, smoking, leading a sedentary life and being overweight creates a stress in the body that triggers an inflammatory response.
  • Pollution: Pollution causes damage to the cells which may cause inflammation.

How can you be safe from chronic inflammation?

  • Regular physical activity: The regular physical activity of 30 – 50 minutes will help you reduce weight and will also help you to mobilize the joints. This will reduce the chances of developing chronic inflammation.
  • Having a well-balanced and nutritious diet: Do include all the food groups in your diet. Have foods rich in omega 3 fatty acids, fibre, magnesium, carotenoids, antioxidants and lycopene as these nutrients are anti-inflammatory.

Some anti-inflammatory foods are:

  1. Olive oil
  2. Tomatoes
  3. Nuts, such as walnuts and almonds
  4. Leafy greens, including spinach and kale
  5. Fatty fish, such as salmon and mackerel
  6. Fruits, especially blueberries, oranges and cherries
  7. Spices like ginger, turmeric, oregano and cloves
  • Relieve yourself of stress: Sleeping for a minimum of 6-8 hours a day, trying and using stress relaxation techniques, talking about how you feel, etc will help you in maintaining and lowering your stress. This reduces the chances of inflammation.

Understanding the link between chronic inflammation, diet and exercise will help in ageing healthily and keep chronic diseases at bay. Eating an overall healthy diet rather than singling out foods and incorporating them into your diet is the best way to fight inflammation. Unprocessed, plant-based foods with a variety of colours will ensure your body is protected from inflammation.