Feeding Children with Spastic Cerebral Palsy

In cerebral palsy there are 3 biggest problems that the spastic children are – the body is in a poor position, the jaws are tight, the tongue pushes the food forward. Swallowing is difficult because of some reasons like head pushing back, jaw and lips are not closed, the bottom lips tend to bitten in by the top set of teeth or mouth is wide open, tip of tongue is down behind the teeth, the tongue cannot roll the food back to mouth or there can be chewing problem. There are also some problems with breast feeding or feeding by bottle.

The child would push back his head and body and their legs and arms would get stiff. They cannot suck and swallow easily. So it is very important that the head and body should be in correct position, all the muscles of neck and jaw must be relaxed, jaw must be back and not clenched, the lips must be together and the tongue must be able to move the food from side to side in the mouth.

To breast feed or by a bottle a child with cerebral palsy the head must be in forward direction so that he can swallow more easily. The baby must be in half sitting position with hips bent and the mother must keep the shoulders of baby in forward direction by pushing firmly on the chest. In feeding by bottle the teat of bottle should be bigger in size so that it would not choke.

The therapist should concentrate to control jaw movement in the child. If the therapist teaches a child how to control his mouth, particularly his jaw, then sucking and swallowing, spoon feeding from plate and drinking from a cup can be improved. To teach a child the therapist should sit in a chair facing the child’s face. The therapist can put the child on his lap or on standing frame (it simultaneously relax the muscles of whole body during feeding). The position of child should be decided according to child’s age and ability. The therapist should stabilize the head then clasp the jaw and the index finger should be kept on the jaw of the child.

The therapist should push the jaw backward (not downward) and push the bottom lip up, as this is necessary for swallowing. The third finger is put under tongue, to help the tongue move. The other fingers are lifted away from the child’s face. To reduce the Spasticity the therapist should use his right index finger and introducing inside the child’s mouth he should move the finger in semicircle on the top gum from middle to left then to right side. This is done firmly and not too fast. It is done 3 times and the child is encouraged to swallow by the 3rd finger of the left hand moving from forward to backward.

The therapist must also concentrate on hand activities (prehension and precision) to teach the child to hold plates and spoons to feed themselves. While teaching therapist must work on dominant as well as non-dominant hand. The non-dominant hand should be stabilized during activities of dominant hand and vice versa.

The swallowing activities also depend on quality of food. It must be started from liquid then semisolid and finally solid. Only metal teaspoon must be used to feed a child. Small amount of food must be put on the teaspoon. The spoon must be put right in the mouth and pressed down to the tongue. By doing this the tongue will be encouraged to stop pushing the food forward and the child will be able to use his lips better.

To teach drinking water or milk the therapist must correct the shape of the plastic cup. Cut a semicircle at the mouth of one side of plastic cup so that the child will not push his head back to get the liquid. Keep the cut part upward and put the cup on top of bottom lip and then tilt the cup slowly upward.

Causes and Types of Cerebral Palsy

In the case of Cerebral Palsy there is no one cause of this severe condition. There are many things that may increase the risk of this condition but will not cause cerebral palsy all the time. In the majority of cases and average of seventy percent, it results from brain injury before the child is even born this is known as congenital cerebral palsy this would be present from birth but may take months even years to diagnose depending on how severe it illness is. There is also a chance of acquired cerebral palsy which could happen through there being a case of meningitis or brain injuries.

Below are some factors that can increase the chances of cerebral palsy. None of the above will definitely lead to cerebral palsy. Before birth: Prematurely, long difficult labor, lack of oxygen to the child, Bacterial infection of the mother during birth, low birth weight, severe jaundice, viral, diseases in early pregnancy, attack of the child’s central nervous system, lack of oxygen / nutrients from the placenta to the fetus and incompatible blood types between the mother and child. After birth: Viral encephalitis, brain tumors, head injuries and Meningitis

Cerebral palsy is broken down into three main types: Ataxic cp, Athetoid cp, Spastic cp.

Ataxic CP – this is the rarest of the three and occurs when the cerebellum has been damaged this part of the brain controls balance. It will be difficult fop the child to coordinate their movements and they will have problems below with balancing.

Along with the three types of cp some children will have a combination of them all.

Athetiod CP – This type of cp occurs when the basal ganglion has been damaged and as a result causes involuntary, uncoordinated and uncontrolled movements of the muscles. This causing uncontrolled and jerky movements as well as twisting of the fingers and wrists may affect all limbs. When walking, it will tend to cause the child to stumble with poor coordination.

Spastic CP – This type of CP is the most common of the three it occurs when there has been damage to the cortex, which is the part of the brain controlling thought movement and sensation. Causes mainly tightness of the muscles, in both the arms and legs of the inflicted. The arms will tend to be flat against the side of the body with the hands bent up against the forearm. Depending on the damage the legs will either be greatly effected or only mildly it may be only slightly obvious that there is a problem when the child walks or in worse cases both legs are affected and they will be crossed with the toes pointing. If the muscles are not exercised often enough this can cause the child to become wheelchair bound.

Paralyzed During Sleep? Read This Now

If you sometimes find that you are paralyzed during sleep and you can not move then you are suffering from sleep paralysis. This condition will affect the average person more than once in their lifetime. For some however the occurrences are more frequent and can be terrifying. Sleep paralysis will manifest itself under varied conditions and it can be dealt with it.

The underlying factor of sleep paralysis is that of partial consciousness. These episodes occur if whilst having a dream you are interrupted and the brain reacts much faster than the body can respond. You then experience the sensation that the dream you were having is real. In trying to respond to it you find that you can not even move a single muscle.

This is because the process of coming out of sleep was never meant to be a sudden event but a gradual one. If something happens to interfere with your normal sleep jostling the brain into action whilst undergoing a dream then the paralysis sets in. Being paralyzed during sleep is actually meant to be a protective measure for you. The body is trying to prevent you from reacting to something that is not there.

Panic and fear usually set in when one tries to scream and the sound does not even come out. What disturbs me the most though is that these so called hallucinations seem so real at the time they occur. With so many repeated occurrences happening to me I could not stand it any longer and decided to research.

I have encountered many suggested solutions and techniques to this problem. Some methods are as simple as avoidance techniques of known causes, to meditation and yoga. If you find that you are paralyzed during sleep help is available. You can say goodbye to sleepless nights.

Symptoms and Causes of Femoral Hernias

There are numerous distinct kinds of hernias that can develop in particular areas of the body. The more popular is the abdominal hernia – but this is not the only kind we have to worry about. Women are more inclined to having a femoral hernia when likened to men because of how their bodies function.

In order to understand the best way to address a femoral hernia you need to be able to find out how to identify the symptoms. These will offer you a clue as to what might be wrong with your body and help you into creating an appointment with your doctor. The most popular symptoms include:

Straining while urinating or bowel movements
Lifting large and heavy items
Straining muscles during physical exercises

All of these can thrust the contents into the femoral canal causing the hernia. For many individuals this might not make any pain – but a slight soreness. However, there are others who will feel altering levels of pain. When the contents are forced into the canal it will create a mass that can be seen in the groin or the inside of the thigh.

If you go through any of these symptoms you should speak with your physician so that they might diagnose the problem and ensure it is not something else. They will need to feel for the mass and do a GP exam on you. Many will do this when you are coughing, sitting up, or standing.

Many physicians will suggest that you treat the femoral hernia with surgery as soon as you can. This will assist to ease any pain or discomfort and keep it from becoming worse. You do not want to let it grow larger and become a strangulated hernia. These are deadly and must be treated using surgery immediately.

Repairing A Hernia – Part 1

A hernia is a bulge due to bowel or fat from inside the abdomen protruding out through a weak area. The most common kind is an inguinal hernia in the groin. Above the ligament of the groin is a small hole, deep in the muscle wall of the abdomen, through which arteries and veins pass to the testicle. If this hole, or the area near to it becomes weak and stretched then a pocket (or sac) of the membrane lining the abdomen (the peritoneum) can bulge through. On standing, coughing or vigorous activity, the sac becomes filled with bowel or fat from within the abdomen.

Aching and discomfort can be caused by the bulge of the hernia but the protrusion generally returns back into the abdominal area when the person lies down, with the necessity to manually press it back into place at times. Aching can occur without any visible bulging and then a doctor’s examination is needed to find the hernia. A very longstanding hernia may develop into a very large protrusion, even going so far as to fill up a man’s scrotum. A very large hernia like this will likely remain protruded most of the time and be very difficult to relocate.

Women suffer inguinal hernias less commonly than men but a different kind of hernia, a femoral hernia, occurs more often in women than men and a doctor can diagnose this by examination. Femoral hernias are more typically repaired as a matter of course.

Hernias are usually troublesome only because they cause a bulge and aching whilst the most serious risk of a hernia is strangulation which means the bowel which becomes completely trapped and its blood supply may become cut off. The produces sudden severe pain and requires an urgent operation when the affected piece of bowel may need to be removed. Strangulation is not very common and many people have hernias for years without them ever becoming strangulated. Obstruction of the bowel can also occur it the bowel becomes trapped and this demands an operation even if the blood supply has not been cut off.

Hernias can only be permanently cured by operation, as leaving them may allow them to increase in size or at least remain as troublesome, although there is a small risk of strangulation and continued discomfort. A hernia does not have to be operated on if it is not causing undue symptoms and surgeons can discuss the pros and cons with their patients. To hold a troublesome hernia within the abdomen a truss can be used but it needs to be applied before a person gets up and the abdominal pressure increases on activity. Operation is a superior treatment for a hernia which is giving symptoms and being of advanced age or having medical complications should not prevent repair being performed due to safer general and local anaesthetics.

The surgeon performs the operative repair through an incision in the groin of approximately 12cm in length. The surgeon opens a muscle layer and turns their attention to the hernia sac, dividing off the sac from the tube to the testicle, arteries and veins. Bulging bowel or fat is pressed back into the abdomen and the surgeon either ties off the neck of the sac or stitches it back in.

The weakened area is then repaired and strengthened and the hole for the veins and arteries to the testicle is recreated back to its usual size. The hernia will be likely to return if it is not repaired, with surgeons typically using a plastic mesh which they stitch over the herniated area. Stitches can also be used without employing the mesh and this is more likely in femoral hernias. Good long term results have been shown with both techniques and the typical chance of hernia reoccurrence is 2%.

Some surgeons do the operation laparoscopically, under general anaesthetic. The telescope is inserted just below the tummy button and gas is introduced through the telescope to open up the space between the muscles in the lower part of the abdomen and groin. Two tiny 5mm incisions are made in the lower abdomen for further instruments to be inserted which are used to place a sheet of plastic mesh to repair the hernia.

Jonathan Blood Smyth is the Superintendent of Physiotherapists at an NHS hospital in the South-West of the UK. He writes articles about back pain, neck pain, and injury management. If you are looking for Physiotherapists in Kensington visit his website.

Shingles – A Virus Which Can Be Extremely Painful, Or Cleared In No Time – The Choice Is Yours

Shingles, commonly known as the herpes zoster virus is a late manifestation of the chicken pox virus known as varicella zoster.

Although Shingles affects millions of adults by the time they reach 80, it is not uncommon for younger people to develop the virus.

When the virus activates it travels along nerve fibers, usually breaking out on one side of the body into small blisters called vesicles.

Within a few days the blisters rupture forming scabs. shingles is associated with severe pain, itching, redness, numbness, and the development of a rash.

Shingles can affect the eyes. This is due to the fact that the eyes are connected to nerves that may be infected with the virus. Early diagnosis and treatment is important to minimize the symptoms and reduce the risk of complications that may compromise vision.

Then there is Neuralgia.


This occurs after the outbreak and in most cases is more painful

than the outbreak itself. the nerve endings become sensitive to touch and this can be extremely painful.

It is therefore important to treat shingles as soon as

the initial outbreak is identified.

If correct treatment is used, the outbreak can clear without

becoming a painful neuralgia condition.

always use natural formulations, prefereably, a pure blend of essential oils extracted from plants. This ensures there is no damage to the body and with the correct formula, the outbreak can be cleared immediately.

An excellent company who have been in business many years,

and come highly recommended are Healing Natural Oils or amoils.com.

Preventing shingles is important too, and this can be done by

choosing a formula which is used as a daily maintanance and

will combat the virus internally.

Nobody should ever have to suffer shingles, but with the correct knowledge, an outbreak can be a very short affair.

Whiplash Injury – A Pain In The Neck

Whiplash is an injury to the neck caused by a sudden movement back, forward or sideways of the head and neck. Depending upon the severity, it is also called a neck sprain or strain, cervical sprain or strain. The injury often involves the muscles, discs, tendons, and nerves.

• Most whiplash injuries are caused by a car accident, often by being struck from behind.
• Shaken Baby Syndrome
• Falls from a horse or a bicycle
• Headbanging
• Trauma from being hit, kicked or shaken
• Accidents, such as from riding a snowboard or a skiing accident
• Injury from riding a roller coaster or an amusement park ride that hyper-extends the neck or causes it to be snapped suddenly
• Extreme, sudden straining to lift or pull a very heavy object

Muscle and Ligament Symptoms
• Tightness or spasms of the muscles of the neck or upper back
• Pain with movement of neck
• Decreased mobility and stiffness
• Burning and tingling in neck and shoulders, upper back
• Pain in shoulder
• Pain in upper back or between shoulder blades
• Pain in one arm
• Low back pain
• Pain in jaw or face
• Pain in the face, the entire head, or behind the eyes
• Difficulty swallowing and chewing plus hoarseness, which can be symptoms of injury to the esophagus or larynx

Neurological Symptoms
These symptoms may be the result of injury to the soft tissue in the neck or a mild brain injury or concussion.
• Vision problems, blurred vision
• Ringing in the ears (tinnitus)
• Poor concentration, forgetfulness
• Feeling of disorientation
• Sensitivity to sound and light
• Irritability
• Depression
• Sleeplessness
• Fatigue
• Headache
• Dizziness (vertigo)
• Feeling of pins and needles in arms, possibly legs

Diagnosing A Whiplash Injury
• History and Physical must be done
• X-rays to rule out fracture or dislocation
• CT Scan (Computerized Axial Tomography) shows detailed images of neck
• MRI ( Magnetic Resonance Imaging) produces detailed images

Treatment depends upon the severity of symptoms.
• Ice may be applied to neck for 24 hours after injury.
• NSAID Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs) may reduce pain and muscle inflammation.
• Muscle Relaxants may be prescribed.
• Physical therapy may be recommended.
• Mild range of motion exercises may be prescribed with proper posture methods to relieve excessive strain on neck.
• Cold and heat treatments may bring some relief.
• Massage therapy promotes healing and relieves pain.
• Chiropractic therapy may be recommended. Spinal manipulation appears to be the most effective within the first 6 weeks following the injury.
• Soft collars are advised only for the first 2 or 3 days when pain and inflammation re the worst. Prolonged use has been shown to delay recovery from whiplash. In some cases, intermittent use is helpful.
• A fracture or dislocation requires the wearing of a collar.

• Mild whip lash injuries may heal within 2 to 3 weeks.
• Moderate injuries require 2 to 3 months.
• Severe whiplash may take months to heal and symptoms, such as headache and neck pain, may linger for 6 months or longer.
• Chronic symptoms may last for years and degenerative changes in the disc and vertebrae may develop.

A whiplash injury truly can become a ‘pain in the neck’ for sufferers of its long term effects.

How To Give A Blow Job To Turn Him On

Looking for fellatio tips to please your man? Fellatio is the art of orally stimulating a man’s genitals. Most men enjoy fellatio since it is pleasuring. It involves little effort on their part and can easily lead to orgasm. Here are a few tips to help you start giving your guy the amazing blow job that he always wants.

(1) Hygiene

Cleanliness is essential with virtually all forms of sexual play. This is especially with oral sex where a bad taste or smell can dampen enthusiasm and performance on your part. If you are uncomfortable with a particular smell that your partner may have, suggest taking a shower with him. Get him to trim or shave a little if he is too bushy down there.

(2) Coping with gag reflex

One essential thing about giving him oral sex is for you to relax your throat and gag reflex. However, this is easier said than done. One of the easiest ways to cope with this is to use a phallic-shaped object to practice on. This can eliminate a lot of pressure on your part. You can use bananas, zucchinis, popsicles or even adult toys such as dildos.

When comes to the real action, you can wrap one hand around the base of his shaft to form a ring and slide your mouth and hand up and down in unison along his member. This will prevent you from taking in more than you can cope.

(3) Get some breath mints

Putting a mint in your mouth immediately before going down on him is a great way to drive him crazy and enrich his sensation. The coolness of the mint will be transferred to his member, making him feel fantastic.

You can also use ice-cubes which have the same effect. To drive him wild, after giving him the ice treatment, you can give him some hot treatment by having some lukewarm water in your mouth and let the warm water swish around his member for a few seconds before you swallow it.

Another hot trick is to use heat-activated lubricant. Squeeze a nickel-size dollop onto your palm and rub your hands together. Then gently massage it all over his shaft and testicles. Take your time because the longer you rub, the warmer it gets. This is how you can get him to enjoy the slow burn.

(4) Get his feedback

Ask about what he likes and dislikes. Find out from him where the tenderest spot on his penis is. Focus on sucking that area will blow his mind. Find out if he likes to be sucked and stroked at the same time. Find out which positions he likes when receiving oral sex – he stands while you kneel, he lies on the bed with you between his legs, the 69 sex position or he kneels on all fours while you lie underneath bobbing your head back and forth. By knowing his individual preferences, you will be able to tailor-make your moves to give him maximum pleasure.

(5) Use your hand(s) too

Besides using your mouth to repeatedly stroke his penis, you can also use your hands too. You should give your mouth a chance to rest to avoid getting a sore jaw and neck. A good blow job should not be limited to mouth action and should include using your hands to explore other areas such as his testicles, thighs and the anal region.

You can give him more intense orgasms by stroking his penis. Apply some oil on your palms and rub the penis between both palms, as if rubbing two sticks together to create fire. Or, you can hold the penis in one hand; use the well-oiled palm of your other hand to massage the tip of his penis. You reverse the direction of your stroking every once in a while.

Another easy stroking technique is to form a ring with your thumb and forefinger and pump up and down with it. When you get to the tip, you close the ring. After this you make him squeeze his way in as you slide back down to the bottom.

(6) Go to other areas

There are 3 other areas down there which a guy enjoys to be licked. These are the testicles, the perineum (the area between base of the penis and anus) and the anus. Lick these areas as if you are savoring a delicious ice-cream. There are lots of nerve endings around the anus which make it very sensitive. You can run your tongue around it in circular motion and using your tongue to tickle the area.

(7) To swallow or not to swallow

For this, I leave it to you to decide. But if you do not want to swallow, you can finish him off manually. Ask him to signal you when he is about to come so you can switch to stimulate him with your hands. You can use your fingers to rub his nerve-packed perineum as you simultaneously stroke his shaft with your other hand.

Another way to send him into orgasmic bliss is to let him come on your chest. When he is close to climax, put his penis between your breasts. Then you squeeze your breasts against his penis as he slides his shaft back and forth until he ejaculates.

As you can see, giving your guy amazing blow job is not too tricky. If you apply these simple tips, he will keep crawling back for you in no time. Just make sure he will return you the favor when it is his turn to pleasure you.

Six Most Searched Suvs/muvs

The SUV and MUV segment is a very popular one and more and more carmakers are eyeing it. The cars present in this segment have sporty looks and powerful engines that make them good off-roaders. The most searched cars in this segment, for the month of February, not only have stylish looks but are the top performers in their categories. Here is an overview of each.

Mahindra Scorpio

This lifestyle SUV by Mahindra has been synonymous to style, adventure, luxury and performance. Mahindra Scorpio comes with a SZ 2600 plus DI diesel engine capable of generating 109 bhp power and 26 kgm torque. Scorpio’s petrol version has Renault’s 116 bhp engine. The lifestyle SUV segment is very niche in India and at a very nascent stage and Mahindra wants to leave its mark. Mahindra Scorpio offers comfortable ride, pleasing style, stable safety features coupled with decent interiors. The car is priced between Rs 7,60,000 – 10,57,340.

Toyota Innova

The car comes in both petrol and diesel engine. The 1998cc, 16-Valve DOHC WTi petrol engine produces 132PS power at 5600rpm and 181NM torque at 4000rpm. The 2494cc, 16-Valve DOHC diesel engine generates 102PS power at 3600rpm and 200NM torque at 1400 – 3400rpm. Toyota Innova‘s petrol variant is also compatible with CNG and comes with a manual selector switch that enables the driver to easily switch from gasoline to CNG and vice versa. The CNG cylinder present in the car has a capacity of 12kg and the running cost comes around Rs 1.6/km or less depending on the driving situation. Innova comes with a price tag of Rs 7,94,470 – Rs 11,72,760.

Tata Safari

This popular SUV (Sports Utility Vehicle) by one of country’s biggest car makers possesses sporty looks and advanced interior and exterior features. It is priced competitively at Rs 7,70,761 – Rs 11,65,824. Tata Safari’s 2.2L, 16V diesel engine produces 140hp at 4000 rpm and 320Nm torque. Safari comes with a day-night visibility instrumental panel, leather seats and power windows. Safety features like airbags, ABS (Antilock Brake System) with EBD (Electronic Brake-Force Distribution) and reverse guide system are also present.

Mahindra Bolero

This powerful vehicle from Mahindra’s stable makes your drive easier on the bumpy roads of India. Mahindra Bolero has a 2498cc diesel engine which sets it apart from other cars. The car has a 5-speed transmission, which makes it a fuel efficient car. The car has features like antisubmarine seats, air conditioners, power steering and four speaker music system etc. Mahindra has priced Bolero between Rs 4,74,710 – Rs 5,98,350.

Toyota Fortuner

This car gives competition to Honda CRV and Captiva and is priced between Rs 18 to 19 lakh. It has Toyota’s most popular 3.0L diesel engine with five speed manual transmission gearbox and with 4WD (Four Wheel Drive). Toyota launched the Toyota Fortuner quite late in the Indian market. The Fortuner is impressive and powerful and flaunts a muscular body. Its sporty looks and features like Dual Front Airbags, ABS with EBD and ESP etc make it a good premium luxury car.

Mahindra Xylo

This C + category vehicle by Mahindra comes with a CRDe technology. The car has a diesel engine with a 2500cc displacement generating 110 bhp at 3200 rpm and 28.3 kgm torque at 1700 rpm. It has a seating capacity of eight passengers and a minimum turning radius of 5.60 mts. Mahindra Xylo has front disk breaks and rear brakes are drum type. It has a five gear manual transmission along with body colour bumpers, tachometer, alloys, ORVM indicators, climate controlled AC, power windows, remote controlled central locking, remote operated fuel filler, rear wiper and rear defogger. The car is priced at Rs 6,47,118 – Rs 8,16,262.

Enlarged Tonsils – Causes and Treatments For Enlarged Tonsils

Are enlarged tonsils causing you discomfort? You may be surprised to learn that swollen tonsils are a common ailment with potentially serious side effects. Fortunately, much is known about the common causes and treatments for adenoid problems and relief from the discomfort is available.

The adenoids are a part of the body’s immune system in the first year of life. The muscular ring of glandular tissue in the back of the throat, work together to provide a physical barrier against bacteria as well aid the body in producing antibodies.

Health care professionals have concluded that past the first year of life, these structures no longer provide such benefits. The tonsils and adenoid may be left alone without any problems for most people. Unfortunately, many more suffer from swollen tonsils, often due to recurrent tonsil stones.

Tonsil stones, also known as tonsilloliths, are formations of bacteria, sulfur compounds, and post nasal drip that gather in the pitted surface of the tonsils and sometimes the adenoids as well. These formations may be quite large and can cause especially foul smelling breath. This irritation quite often leads to enlarged tonsils and infection.

Enlarged tonsils can create disturbances in one’s daily life and interfere with one’s ability to function normally. The condition may also create serious and recurring ailments that endanger one’s life. Swollen tonsils may block the airways, causing difficulty breathing, snoring, difficulty swallowing, and sleep apnea.

While less invasive treatments exist and may often be the first option, sufficiently severe and recurrent issues with enlarged tonsils may require surgical removal.

Diseases That Cause Body Odor

Body odor is caused when the body has accumulated toxins that it can not eliminate through the urine or stool. As a last resort, it eliminates those toxins through sweat, which then causes a foul body odor to occur.

Body odor has become a norm for most people, as they have learned to control it with proper personal hygiene such as showering frequently and using deodorants and antiperspirants.

But for many, body odor can be a nightmare, as they are unable to control the offensive odors. They can shower several times per day, but the odors keep coming back. When this happens, the odor is usually brought on by a disease.

Kidney and Liver Diseases

The kidneys and liver are the main elimination organs that eliminate harmful toxins from the body. When they begin to slow down, the toxins begin to accumulate in the body, and are then forced to come out via the sweat. As a result the body odor increases.

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis occurs when someone with diabetes does not receive enough insulin. Insulin is needed in order for the glucose to enter into the cells of the body. But when not enough insulin is present, fat cells are used to help the glucose to enter. The breaking down of fat cells creates ketones, which in excess amounts contributes to a fruity smell on the breath, as well as a foul body odor.


Any type of infection such as skin infections, urinary tract infection and yeast infections can contribute to a foul odor.


Obesity also contributes to body odor, as many toxins are trapped in an obese body. These toxins are unable to leave body due to slow bowel movements and thus they are forced out of the body via sweat.

Uterine Cancers

Cancers of the uterine can cause a foul smelling discharge.

Metabolic Disorders

A metabolic disorder is when a person is unable to break down all the food particles and turn them into energy. The particles that it can not break down become toxic and thus are accumulated in the body, only to be forced out via the sweating mechanism.

Gastrointestinal Disorders

Gastrointestinal disorders such as constipation can cause harmful toxins to accumulate in the body, and thereby contribute to foul odor.

Overactive Thyroid Glands

Overactive thyroid glands can cause the body to sweat excessively. The more the body sweats, the more toxins are released, and thus the odor increases dramatically.

Hormonal Changes

When the body goes through certain hormonal changes such as puberty and menopause, the body odor is also increased.

The Symptoms, Causes And Treatments Of Shingles

Shingles, known medically as herpes zoster, is a viral infection of the nerve roots that usually manifests as a rash or blisters on the skin. The rash may be accompanied by pain or numbness in the affected area. Although inconvenient and uncomfortable, shingles is treatable, although not preventable.

What Causes Shingles?

Shingles is caused by a virus, in fact, the same virus that causes chicken pox, varicella zoster. In the case of those who have been previously exposed to chicken pox, the virus remains dormant in their nervous system even after they recover. When the virus is re-activated, by factors including disease, stress, aging, or some combination of the three, it travels up the nerve to affect the skin in the area of skin related to that nerve. Anyone who has had chicken pox can get shingles, even if they were infected and recovered years ago. Additionally, the blisters caused by shingles are full of the chicken pox virus, and can transmit it to other people. While most adults are immune to chicken pox, those who never had chicken pox, or those with weakened immune systems are at risk for catching chicken pox from those with shingles.

Symptoms of Shingles

Those with shingles may not immediately experience the characteristic shingles rash. Rather, they will experience an unusual sensitivity on one area of skin, which often is accompanied by tingling, numbness, or a burning sensation where the rash later appears. Some people experience flu like symptoms, including head aches, enlarged lymph nodes, and sensitivity to light. However, those affected will not have the fever that usually comes with the flu.

As the virus progresses, the rash appears on the sensitive area of skin, usually only on one side of the body, and in a band or strip formation. The rash consists of blisters that fill with fluid and then collapse before drying out and crusting over. The rash usually clears up in about two to four weeks, although residual pain, known as postherpetic neuralgia, can last for much longer, in some cases, years. However, this usually only occurs in those who experience shingles on their faces or chests.

Treatment for Shingles

Shingles is generally treated with a combination of antiviral medications, painkillers, and soothing lotions. The most commonly prescribed antiviral for shingles is aciclovir, as it reduces the length of the virus, and therefore the probability of complications. Generic painkillers such as paracetamol can help to manage the pain associated with the virus, and calamine lotion is used to reduce the itching. In more severe cases, the GP may prescribe stronger painkillers, or in the case of those with compromised immune systems, injections of antiviral antibodies. Additionally, the affected area is kept as clean and dry as possible, usually by covering it with a dressing.

Shingles generally resolves itself without serious complications, however, if it appears near the eyes, forehead or nose, the patient should seek out a GP or opthamologist, as shingles in this area can cause blindness. However, this is extremely unusual; the most common after effect of shingles is scarring, although this does not occur in the majority of cases.

Although generally not dangerous, those who think they may be affected with shingles should seek medical advice as soon as possible, in order to lower the risk of complications.

Type 2 Diabetes – Diabetes And Fainting!

People with diabetes, Type 1 or Type 2, can tell you that there are times when their disease can cause them to feel really lousy. They may feel “out of sorts”, have sudden mood swings, even feel grumpy or irritable. In fact, a diabetic can pretty much predict how they are going to feel if they eat certain foods that are not good for them, or their condition. But is it possible to actually faint at unfortunate moments from diabetes? In a way, yes, it is.

Fainting is, after all, a symptom of another condition. In other words, no one faints without an underlying reason. While there are many reasons why a non-diabetic would faint, there are also plenty of reasons why a diabetic would.

Hypoglycemia, or blood sugar that is unusually low is one. This can occur due to several reasons…

  • one, is from medication… people with Type 2 diabetes who are taking hypoglycemic agents. This can inadvertently drop blood sugar too low even though it is supposed to help the condition.
  • another way that will cause it to dip too low is from taking a higher dose of insulin than is needed.
  • a third is from taking too long between meals. People with diabetes need to be aware of the possibility of low blood sugar, especially when skipping a meal or during bouts of strenuous exercise, which can rapidly lower blood sugar levels.

Low blood sugar occurs much more frequently in people with Type 1 diabetes, whose bodies don’t produce any insulin. Striving for tight blood sugar control can also increase episodes of low blood sugar.

The brain needs glucose or sugar, just like the rest of the body. When it is deprived of it, blood pressure drops too low. This causes the brain to act by releasing more cortisol to help handle the stressful situation that has been created, and adrenaline to react to the situation. All of this together is more than the brain wants to deal with so it temporarily shuts down, causing the individual to faint.

On the other end of the spectrum is hyperglycemia, or sugar levels that are too high…

  • not taking insulin when it is needed can cause this,
  • so can eating too many of the wrong foods at one meal,
  • even certain medications can bring on a fainting episode.

Fainting is just the first step in elevated levels. If the condition is not rectified, next comes coma, and then death.

Believe it or not an individual can faint from damaged nerves. How? Nerves are the communication highways from the brain to the rest of the body. If certain nerves become neurologically damaged, it is like interrupting these signals from making their way through… much the same way a traffic accident stops the flow of traffic. Once this function is interrupted, part of the brain shuts off for a short while, and the individual faints.

While a fainting episode might seem mild, it is no joking matter when the person is a diabetic. Those around them need to have a good idea about what caused the fainting and seek medical help immediately.

Obesity – Defining the "Real" Problem

There is no question that obesity is a real problem worldwide. It is reported to be one of the greatest health concerns of our time. The Centers for Disease Control states that “Obesity is a contributing cause of many other health problems, including heart disease stroke, diabetes, and some types of cancer. These are some of the leading causes of death in the U.S. Obesity can cause sleep apnea and breathing problems as well as limit mobility. Obesity can also causes problems during pregnancy or make it more difficult for a woman to become pregnant.” With literally millions of articles claiming obesity facts and statistics on the internet, not to mention print, radio and film, obesity is readily defined as a root cause claiming the lives and lifestyles of our families and our communities. Or is it?

Is obesity really the cause of all these problems, or is it more accurate to say that obesity is merely another symptom of the true underlying problems that plague our society? Although one article can not define the complexity of the symptom of obesity we can surely gain an understanding and start to right our thinking with regard to the issue by defining a few of the variables involved.

  • Physical: Some of the more physical or tangible causes of obesity are the lifestyle factors. What are we doing or not doing to create this problem? A severe imbalance in our nutritional intake coupled with lack of proper physical activity is prevalent among those who suffer from obesity.
  • Mental: At the very least our way of thinking is skewed when it comes to the topic of obesity. Thinking of it as a cause rather than a symptom is evidence if this upside down thinking pattern. We need to get our mental game up to par before we can even consider making change.
  • Psychological: The emotional and psychological factors surrounding obesity are as varied as those who suffer from it. Our relationship with food and the way we feel about exercise can certainly be both the cause and the cure for this problem.
  • Social: The people we surround ourselves with can add to or detract from our leading a healthy lifestyle. More social functions take place around a centerpiece of unhealthy foods than I care to even think of.
  • Corporate: Industry capitalizes on our dysfunction around food and exercise. 100 calorie packs of junk are consumed in great quantity disguised as healthy alternatives. We ingest chemicals we would otherwise never consume in the name of dietary supplementation. We are promised we don’t need to exercise if we take this or wear that.
  • Government: Although on one end of the spectrum it appears the government is taking a stand and calling us to action with regard to this issue, the actions of government itself often lead us in direct opposition of this goal. Since “we the people” are our government, we need to take this responsibility seriously and look to make change in our political policy.

I could go on and on but the fact remains, the solution to our obesity epidemic does not lie in fighting obesity itself, it lies in fighting the issues that lead to this symptom. All the obesity statistics, facts, and figures can not help us unless we first resolve our thinking epidemic. By gaining an understanding of the root causes we can then stand ready to defeat what is said to be one of our greatest health risks of all times.

Bulging Disc Treatments

A bulging disc is not a cause for panic as they are fairly common in both younger and older people. A bugling or protruding disc is usually see at high rates on MRIs in patients that suffer with back pain and are also found in patients that are not suffering from back pain. Aging process and the degeneration process of the intervertebral disc are the most common reasons why a disc will bulge. A disc may also bugle in relation to a back injury and sometimes in regards to what kind of a lifestyle is led by the patient. Like we said before a bulging disc is not necessarily a sign that anything serious is wrong with your spine, so there is no reason to panic.
When a bulging disc bulges enough to cause narrowing of the spinal canal it is considered to be a serious condition. If there are bone spurs present on the facet joints behind the bulging disc the combination of these spurs and the bulging of the disc may cause further narrowing of the spinal canal in that area.
The care of a patient with a lumbar bulging disc is far from standardized. To a certain extend the treatment of a patients bulging disc should be more individualized. The bulging disc can cause leg pain (when affecting the sciatic nerve). This can often be referred as a herniated disc, ruptured disc, pinched nerve or a slipped disc.
Treatment of a bulging disc will mainly be dependent on the length of time the patient has suffered with his or her symptoms and the severity of the related pain. Most treatments will start with six to twelve weeks of conservative treatment.
If this conservative treatment for the bulging disc does not help to alleviate the pain from the affected area(s) and there are no signs of improvement then a surgical treatment is considered. If the patient is in experiencing consistent severe pain and having difficulty maintaining a reasonable level of functionality, surgery may also be recommended prior to the completion of the six weeks of conservation treatment.
Most bulging discs will heal on their own without even the person afflicted knowing that there was anything wrong in the first place. There are no hard and fast guidelines for how long it will take and how to go about healing a bulging disc.
The primary goals of conservative treatment for a bulging disc are to provide the patient relief of the pain and to allow them to return to a normal level of functionality. A wide variety of treatment options are available and here is a list of some of the most common bulging disc treatments.

• Rest, followed by slow mobilization
• Pain medications
• Chiropractic/osteopathic manipulations
• Physical therapy
• Epidural steroid injections

The amount of time invested in conservative treatment needs to be addressed on an individual patient basis. Some patients will not have as sever of debilitating pain or symptoms as other. In the patients that are still able to lead a productive lifestyle with only minor aches and pains a longer conservative treatment would most likely be advised. Back surgery for bulging disc treatment should be prolonged as long as possible. For some patients the pain and loss of productivity is just too much to handle and after conservative treatments are explored for a shorter duration and there are no changes in the patient’s symptoms, surgery to decompress the affected nerve is often the next option as a bulging disc treatment.
Patients that do not feel any recovery after six to twelve weeks of conservative care will often find themselves looking into the final bulging disc treatment option of surgery for their bulging disc.
Any patient who has progressive neurological deficits, or develops the sudden onset of bowel or bladder dysfunction, should have an immediate surgical evaluation as these conditions may represent a surgical emergency. Fortunately, both of these conditions are very rare, and most surgery for a lumbar herniated disk is an elective procedure.
Surgical treatment options for the lumbar herniated disk include:
• Percutaneous arthroscopic laser discectomy
• Microdiscectomy
• Lumbar laminectomy
• Arthroscopic lumbar discectomy
• Microendoscopic surgery