Alternative Ways to Stop Smoking

Most smokers by now are familiar with the cold turkey approach to stopping smoking (not recommended), and the many stop-smoking aids available from the high street pharmacy. Sadly, there are some folks who have tried just about every conventional method to quit yet still can not seem to stay stopped. Are these traditional options really failing them, or are the smokers themselves just not serious enough about quitting? Well, if you're here and reading this, then there's a good chance you're serious, but perhaps you're looking for some alternative ways to stop smoking tobacco.

Smoking cessation, just like quitting alcohol, or dieting, does not have a single solution which suits all. This is why there is a variety of both conventional and alternative treatments for managing the physical craving of nicotine and the metal obsession to smoking. Let's start by breaking down some of the common choices first and then we'll take a look at the alternative ways to stop smoking later in the piece.

Cold Turkey: Set a date and just stop completely! Not really recommended simply because the withdrawal symptoms can drive a person nuts and have them reaching for a packet of 20 before the days end. However, younger smokers who have not been in the grip of nicotine for as long as many older smokers, typically have a higher success rate at this somewhat drastic approach.

Cutting Down Gradually: Although this sounds like a good idea in theory, it has little chance of succeeding with most smokers! A typical active smoker is a master at finding justifiable excuses, and the moment a little upheaval happens in their life, they reach for the tobacco. Cutting down is a method used by most smokers who have just made a decision to quit, but very few can tell you they managed to stop and stay stopped by gradually cutting down until the desire to smoke was completely lifted.

Quit smoking Products: There are so many of these and they are by far the most successful at helping smokers stop altogether. Nicotine Replacement Therapies (NRT) are perhaps the most successful. These include patches, gums, inhalers and nasal sprays. There are also tablets (Zyban (Bupropion)) which some smokers find effective. However, pills are usually prescription only and can result in some uncomfortable side effects in certain patients.

Alternative Ways to Stop Smoking in 2009

Stop Smoking with Hypnotherapy: Hypnosis to quit smoking is becoming more popular with each passing year. This type of therapy does not come cheap and has little chance of working if the patient is skeptical about the practice. For those who do believe, or are willing to believe in hypnosis, the reports have been very positive. Hypnosis to stop smoking works by changing the attitude of the smoker so that stopping smoking becomes a strong positive thought and diverts the user attitude towards cessation.

Stop Smoking with Acupuncture: Like hypnotherapy, acupuncture is also gaining in popularity for those looking for alternative methods to quit smoking. Acupuncture is based on combination of ear acupuncture points which are said to alleviate the withdrawal symptoms which are often triggered when a smoker is deprived of nicotine.

Stop Smoking with Aromatherapy: This is a gentler, softer approach to giving up smoking. Aromatherapy is more popular among women than men seeking to quit the habit. The special smoking cessation oil is said to be made up of eight essential oils which are intended to provide relief from the discomforts of nicotine withdrawal.

Stop Smoking with Meditation: Meditation is all about finding inner strength and peace. It's said that the habit and addiction of smoking can not possibly exist in either the mind or the body when a person has realized that inner peace and newfound strength by practicing meditation techniques. Both the thought of smoking and the act of smoking are negatives, and meditation works by removing, or dismissing harmful thoughts. When negative beliefs are removed or controlled, the desire to persist with the destructive behavior is gone.

There are more alternative ways to stop smoking than those mentioned in this short piece. Hopefully you now have an insight into a few of the more popular methods used successfully. Those of you looking for less typical ways to kick the smoking habit once and for all, now have a plethora of choices available at your disposal. Whether you opt for conventional or unconventional methods to help you wean off the drug nicotine, the help is out there should you want it. The only thing that can stop you from stopping now is you yourself.

Best Laryngitis Home Remedies Using Therapeutic Essential Oils

Laryngitis remedies using essential oils are far superior to most over-the-counter, synthetic choices because they create deep healing, rather than just covering up the symptoms. You’ll get over the laryngitis quicker and feel better while you’re healing and afterwards.

What Is Laryngitis?

It’s an inflammation usually caused by an infection of the vocal cords. It’s often the result of an upper respiratory infection of some type starting with a sinus infection, a cold, a sore throat, etc. and settling into the vocal cords. The cords swell, changing the sound of your voice. In severe cases, the voice becomes only a hoarse whisper. Your cords will often be covered with a hard, dry, incrusted mucous that must be dissolved.

With the approval of your health care professional, try these remedies.

Try an Aromatic Mouthwash

Make yourself an antibacterial mouthwash by using two drops of tea tree oil in a half cup of warm water. Put it in a water bottle or a container that you can close and shake vigorously to disperse the oil molecules throughout the water. Immediately gargle and swallow.

The Lick Trick

You’ll want to frequently take a trace of tea tree and mix it with the saliva of your mouth and swallow. We call this the “lick trick” because it’s easiest to lick the trace of oil off the back of your hand. You don’t want too much.

Put a drop of spearmint or peppermint essential oil in all your drinking water every day, even for a month after you’re feeling better. This will give you a deep cleansing, and you’ll love the refreshing, cooling taste of the water. When you have laryngitis, drink more water than usual to help break up the mucus on your vocal cords.

Antihistamines or any over-the-counter remedies designed to stop or dry up a cough or cold symptoms would make the laryngitis worse, so always avoid cold and cough remedies. Using these synthetic remedies tends to drive the infection deeper into your body and actually manifest elsewhere. Work with your body to naturally loosen the mucous and allow the infection to run its course quickly and naturally. Using oils in lots of different therapies will speed the process and help eliminate the infection completely for deep, permanent healing.

Use Oils in a Compress

Prepare a simple compress with four to five drops of a respiratory blend in a half cup of hot water. Use a mixture of oils like rosemary, tea tree, eucalyptus radiata, fir, peppermint, ravensara, or spearmint. You can use one or two of these oils alone as well. Dip a washcloth in the mixture, wring it out and apply it to the base of your neck covered with a dry cloth.

Oils in the Steam of Boiling Water

Boil a pan of water and add a few drops of a respiratory blend or one of the single oils discussed earlier. Place a towel over your head to contain the steam and inhale deeply until the fragrance starts to go away. You can blow into the water to agitate and increase the steam. Add a few more drops and inhale until you’ve inhaled about 20 drops of oil in all. Keep reheating the water as often as necessary.

Don’t diffuse oils in a dry room when you have laryngitis. That only hardens the mucous. Instead you can diffuse oils in a steamy bathroom as you shower or bathe. In fact using about 20 drops of oil in a hot Epsom salts bath and at the same time turning on the diffuser, also with about 20 drops of oil will help to break up the mucous as you soak.

How to Avoid the Coughing Stage of a Respiratory Infection

For many people, the last stage of a cold is often bronchitis, unless you can stop the infection on its way down your respiratory system. An infection often starts as a virus in the sinuses or throat, then it makes its way into laryngitis, and finally bronchitis.

Do everything you can from taking lots of essential oil capsules, taking hot baths or showers night and morning while diffusing oils, putting respiratory oils on your feet and chest after every bath, and using oils in all your water.

At the first sign of a cough, try to stop it in its tracks before your bronchioles become inflamed. Put cold compresses with peppermint oil on your chest at night before bed to keep those bronchioles cool and calm. If you start coughing during the day, have a little herbal tea or warm water with a drop of one of your favorite oils in it, like peppermint, spearmint, basil, or lemon.

Joint Health: Will Glucosamine & Chondroitin Help Joint Pain?

If you’re looking for a supplement that may ease joint pain, glucosamine andr chondroitin might be the answer for you. These two compounds are often put together into one supplement and are purported to help in the battle against osteoarthritis. But don’t get your hopes up too high. Some studies show they give relief for mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis, but others show they are of little value in reducing osteoarthritis knee pain. Still, it’s worth a try, and they may work for other joint support too.

What are Glucosamine & Chondroitin?

Glucosamine and chondroitin are natural chemical compounds found in your body. The glucosamine in your body helps maintain the health of your cartilage, that rubbery soft tissue that cushions your bones where they meet at your joints. As we age, our levels of glucosamine diminish, and that leads to a breakdown of cartilage, which in turn leads to the pain of bone grinding on bone, or osteoarthritis.

Glucosamine supplements are manufactured from the shellfish, so watch out if you’re allergic. Chondroitin can come from natural sources, such as shark or bovine cartilage, or it can be produced artificially in a lab. Glucosamine and chondroitin are available in tablet, capsule, powder, or liquid form and are often taken in combination with each other or in combination with other dietary supplements.Cartilage can also disappear due to an injury to the joint or repeated stress, and is often found in high performance athletes as well as weekend warriors.

Glucosamine/Chondroitin Risks and Dosage

As a rule, glucosamine is a fairly safe supplement. Side effects, if any, can include upset tummy, headache, sleepiness or heartburn. As mentioned before, if you have a shellfish allergy this is not the supplement for you! If you have heart or kidney disease, high blood pressure, bleeding disorders or diabetes, check with your doctor before taking glucosamine, and note that it’s not recommended for women who are pregnant or breastfeeding or for children, only because there isn’t enough evidence yet as to whether it’s safe for these groups or not.

For adults over the age of 18, an initial dose of 1500 mg of glucosamine and 1200 of chondroitin daily for one to two months is considered safe. If a positive response is obtained after two months, the dose can be reduced to 1000 mg of glucosamine and 800 of chondroitin or less, and you and your doctor will have to fine tune your dosage together.

Give glucosamine & chondroitin a try – you may be one of the lucky ones that find joint pain relief!

Dispelling the Myths About a Penile Fracture

It's the fear that lurks in the back of every man's mind: The painful problem of a penile fraction. Horror stories abound of men who were simply enjoying a little bit of sexual congress with a partner only to suddenly find themselves in agony, thinking only of how long it will take to get to the emergency room. Most penis problems can be treated with good penis care, but an entirely different beast – it happens quickly, without warning, and must be addressed immediately to avoid long-term damage.

But how does a penile fracture happen, considering that there is actually no bone in the penis? And does it mean that a man's sexual life is over for good? Here are some of the myths about the truth about the matter.

1) A penile fracture only happens to youngger men. Although younger men might be more at risk for a penile fraction because they might be more adventurous in bed, do not rule out the risk for older men as well. Penile fractures can happen to anyone, no matter their age. It has nothing to do with the age of a man, but rather, the angle at which the penis pushes against something unyielding, like a pelvic bone.

2) A penile fracture always brings immediate pain. Not necessarily. Although many are sufficient enough to cause instantaneous pain, some are mild enough that they do not lead to pain within seconds – rather, a man will feel discomfort that gets worse and worse. If a man is in severe pain an hour later, he should not discount the possibility of a penile fraction. It's also important to remember that while some can happen with a loud 'popping' sound, sometimes that sound is not present or is not noticed in the heat of the moment.

3) A penile fracture requires surgery. This is true, unfortunately. It's because of where the fraction usually occurs. Obviously there is no bone in the penis; however, the penal gets hard through blood flow into the corpora cavernosa, two spongy areas of tissue on either side of the penis. The membrane surrounding these areas is called the tunica albuginea. It's that membrane that breaks during a penile fraction. In order to fix the problem, a physician will make an incision in the penal to repair the membrane.

4) It only occurs in the woman on top position. Although this is the most common way of penile fracture occurs, the truth is that the fractures can happen in a variety of situations. They can even occur when a man is vigorously masturbating and his hand happens to land the wrong way around the shaft! Of course, it can also happen as the result of trauma, such as during contact sports.

5) A penile fracture will never heal properly. Fractures can heal well as long as a man gets immediate attention. However, he might be at risk for Peyronie's disease, where the penis bends at an extreme angle. That's why it's so important to not only get immediate care, but also to keep up with all follow-up care recommended by the surgeon or physician.

As a man's penis is healing from a penile fraction – or as he is dealing with any other penis problems – he needs all the help he can get. That means a man should reach for a daily penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) . He should look for a crème that includes a wealth of vitamins and nutrients designed for healthy skin and healing, such as vitamin D and C for skin care, vitamin A for bacteria fighting and Shea butter for the smoothest, most supple skin imaginable. A guy should also look for amino acids like L-arginine for better blood flow and L-carnitine to help protect the delicate nerve endings of the penis.

Dog Training Shock Collar Pros and Cons

A shock collar is a type of "control tool" used to correct a dog's behavior, but are they safe and effective? Learn more in this article.

Your dog has some outrageous behavior – it does not like children or maybe any visitors? Or sometimes it keeps using the house as a toilet? It never seems to listen to you? So maybe a shock collar could be the answer?

A shock collar is one of a family of what are called control tools. They work by giving negative reinforcement to a dog's behavior. Then the dog will learn and over time it should stop doing the bad behavior.


These collars can be very good for overly aggressive dogs that are not responding to traditional methods. For example, a mistrained but strong dog that will not listen to you. Sometimes, these collars can save the dog from otherwise being put to sleep.

The effect of a mild electric shock is just a small discouragement to the dog but enough to show that bad behavior is not tolerated. It is no worse than a quick "clip" from a dog's mother.


They are not a bullet bullet or cure. If they are not used correctly then they will be of no use to you. Make sure you get good training on how to use one and when to use a shock collar.

Some dog trainers argue that dog training shock collars are antiquated and totally unnecessary. They say that with a dog, you can always create a reward or punishment for any behavior and a dog will always learn.

Some people say that any electric shock, no matter how small, is a form of torture and cruelty.

Hyperbaric Chamber and Wound Healing

Life is brought into sharp relief when you or a loved one suffers from an injury that will take longer than usual to heal. These chronic wounds include ulcers and diabetic wounds, which are all extremely difficult to get rid of and frustrating to live with for a long time. However, more people have been finding that hyperbaric chambers are a healing relief for wounds.

Studies have shown that hyperbaric oxygen therapy chambers work wonders on those with developmental illnesses such as cerebral palsy and autism, as well as other afflictions like Lyme disease and diabetes. And now, anyone with any sort of wound is using them. Athletes like football player Darren Sharper and cyclist Lance Armstrong have used the chamber to achieve an ideal level of fitness as well as to heal sports injuries. Sharper first was introduced to the chamber for healing a knee injury; the hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBOT) was successful in healing the injury, and Sharper has used it ever since.

The chamber's HBOT works internally by supplying more oxygen to the body's plasma and blood, so that they are carrying more oxygen to the tissue and muscle. Oxygen is what helps heal torn or ruptured tissue, so when there is an abundance of it, the body can use more of it to heal more quickly. Also, oxygen in the cells is usually used to help fight bad bacteria, which means that when there is more of it, injuries and wounds are less likely to develop an infection. People with diabetes are sometimes likely to have poor circulation, so the added oxygen manufactures adequate levels for healing wounds, especially those that are a side effect of diabetes, such as foot wounds.

If the wound is such that it bleeds and causes excess blood loss, it can it turn cause hemorrhage. When the body looses too much blood, it can result in seizures, unconsciousness, and even brain damage. Just as it is used for autism and cerebral palsy, hyperbaric chambers can be used for brain damage caused by hemorrhaging. However, with any wound, especially chronic wounds, action should be taken as soon as possible to prevent such events.

Some chambers are perfect for targeting specific wound areas, such as on a particular limb. These chambers are smaller and can enclose only that limit. They are easier to travel with and use and home, though there are full-size chambers that are available for home use. Others at hospitals or clinics may be large enough to hold up to four people at a time. Wherever you decide to begin treatments with a hyperbaric chamber for wounds, please consult a doctor first to make sure this method will be the best solution for you.

Bell's Palsy – A Common Nerve Damage Condition

Chances are, you may know someone who has experienced Bell's palsy, or may even have experienced this common nerve condition personally. Bell's palsy causes sudden, temporary paralysis of the face or parts of the face due to nerve damage. It is the most common nerve damage condition, occurring in two out of every 10,000 people. The nerve damaged in Bell's palsy is called the seventh cranial nerve, and is responsible for controlling the muscles in the face.

Bell's Palsy symptoms that may scare you, but are usually harmless

Sudden symptoms can include complete paralysis of one side of the face, which is often scary because it may look like a stroke or other more serious conditions. For this reason, it is necessary to see a doctor immediately to rule out other medical conditions with similar symptoms.

While it may feel scary to the person first experiencing symptoms, this is not a serious or life threatening condition. Bell's palsy goes away on its own in a few weeks or months. Unfortunately this also means there are no medications or treatments to make Bell's palsy go away. Symptoms, mild or severe, can be uncomfortable, so typically there is an attempt to relieve symptoms in order to make the person with Bell's palsy feel more comfortable.

Common symptoms include twitching or weakness or sensations of stiffness and pulling in the face, or complete paralysis on one side of the face. There may be changing facial expression, a drooping eyelid, drooping at one corner of the mouth, dry eye or mouth, drooling, and difficulty eating and drinking. Usually all of these symptoms go away. Sometimes, however, there are both short term and long-term complications. In the short term, there may be eye damage such as ulcers and infection. Long-term there may be changes to the face, problems tasting food and drinks, or face and eyelid spasms.

Bell's Palsy: Do medications help?

Corticosteroid medication, when taken in the first 24 hours after symptoms first start, may help lessen the symptoms by lowering any swelling or pressure on the nerve. Antiviral medications may also be given in an attempt to lessen symptoms, but there is no research showing that these medications actually impact the length of time it takes to recover from Bell's palsy. Eye discomfort is often a side effect of Bell's palsy symptoms. Drops and an eye patch can help when the eye does not close completely or if blinking is a problem.

Other conditions and cause for concern

Bell's palsy may be connected to diabetes, lyme disease, sarcoidosis or head injury. Blood tests, nerve testing and imaging exams of the skull and brain can be helpful in determining if there is another, more serious health condition causing Bell's palsy, or if it is not Bell's palsy at all but another medical problem, such as a stroke, that caused the symptoms.

Frequent Symptoms of Umbilical Hernias

Umbilical hernias are thought to be a harmless condition that ordinarily affects infants. The hernia forms when a section of the intestine is fighting through a vulnerable part in the muscles of the abdomen. While this condition is more often found in infants it has the ability to impact some adults as well.

The majority of these forms of hernias will be able to right itself by the time the baby has turned one. Even So, there are times in which it may take something longer to heal. If the hernia has not gone by the time the youngster is four or if an adult admits that they have one then they should seek medical care and use surgery to repair it.

Umbilical Hernia Symptoms

The hernia will form a bulge close to the navel. This swelling may be around half an inch to two inches long. Some people will only notice the bulge when they child is crying, training, or coughing. As soon as they are calm or laying down on their back it will normally go away.

While the umbilical hernias in children are painless and do not affect the child in a certain way some adults will not be so lucky. In these examples the adult will have a good amount of inconvenience from the hernia and a trim amount of pain.

Umbilical Hernia Causes

The cause of umbilical hernias in babies will come about when the woman is still pregnant. Around this time the umbilical cord will journey through a tiny opening in the abdominal muscles in the infant. The gap will ordinarily seal itself before the mother gives birth. Neverheless, if the muscles do not have the power to connect with each other then the weak area in the abdominal wall will produce the hernia during birth or when they are older.

Treatment for Spondylolisthesis

Have you been diagnosed with spondylolisthesis?

Spondylolisthesis is a low back condition which often begins in adolescence. It starts with a stress fracture of one of the vertebrae of your low back.

One of my cases involved a 16-year old boy who played baseball. Every time he swung the bat and missed (which, of course, happens a lot of the time) his low back would end up in an extreme twisted position. Over the months, his bones could not take it, and a stress fracture resolved.

Spondylolisthesis is also reliably more common in young dancers and gymnasts who repeatedly bend backward.

Sometimes the fraction of spondylolisthesis will cause pain, but often the discomfort will go away fairly quickly without treatment. If it does, you may not even know you have spondylolisthesis.

Unfortunately, the stress fraction allows for instability of spinal alignment. Over the years, with further deterioration of the disks and other supporting ligaments, the vertebra can slide forward relative to the bone below. Then symptoms of pain, movement restriction, and nerve impingement can occur.

One of the standard ways to diagnose spondylolisthesis is with conventional low back Xrays. In addition to side and front-back views, a diagonal (oblique) X-ray view can zero in on the exact location of the vertebral arch fraction.

MRI's can also be used in diagnosis.

If your forward slippage continues to get worse, or you you begin to experience nerve impingement as a result of spondylolisthesis, you may even require surgery to stabilize your low back.

But it need not be that way . Many adults with spondylolisthesis have no symptoms whatever, and their condition is only diagnosed by chance.

What's the secret to avoiding spondylolisthesis-related problems?

Proper exercise and postural awareness are key.

The problem is that the wrong exercises – or even the right exercise done the wrong way – can make your problem worse.

Abdominal support of the spinal to maintain a neutral spinal alignment is all-important. The simplest exercise to strengthen your abdominal support is the plank pose. Begin by holding the pose for 30 seconds, making sure your back is straight.

If your abdominals ae out of shape and holding for 30 seconds is a challenge, begin with 10 seconds repeated three times. Ultimately you'll develop the strength to hold the pose for 30 seconds.

Once you can maintain straight alignment in the plank pose for 30-90 seconds, you can advance to a more difficult variation, such as placing your feet on a low bench so that your trunk is angle downward.

Avoid sit-ups, curl-ups or crunches – they can actually put more stress on your disks and make your condition worse.

You do want to maintain full range of motion of the spell. You can do this with variations of the cat or dog pose. But avoid prolonged or extreme forward bending, such as in bending forward to touch your toes. And too many down-facing dogs in yoga class could backfire.

Similarly, extreme or prolonged backward bending could also create problems. Even the simple cobra pose might allow an opportunity for forward vertebral slippage. Instead, perform a backward bending pose while lying on your back. That way, gravity will tend to pull the offending bone back, instead of allowing it to slip further forward.

If you have tight hip flexors, they might tend to drag your low back forward, making your spondylolisthesis worse. It's important to stretch your hip flexors, but you have to perform the stretch while avoiding back-arching (extension) of your low back. That's hard to describe briefly – but I've got specific pictures of a safe way to stretch your hip flexors available in my downloadable Doctors' Guide to Spondylolisthesis.

Many people with spondylolisthesis leave a fully active life without pain or other limitation. By following a few simple precautions you can join them.

Mystery of The Herniated Disc With No Pain

Many people who have herniated discs have no symptoms and there are not even aware of the problem. When they do feel pain, it's because the ruptured disc is pressing on the neighboring nerves or the spinal cord. Where the pain is felt in the body depends on which nerve the disc may be pressing on. For example, many people with herniated discs feel no pain at all in their back, and yet they have excruciating pain shooting down their leg. In this case, the bulging or herniated disc is pressing on the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is one of the largest nostrils in the body and runs down the leg, and this is where the pain will manifest. The point however is that just because you might not feel pain in your back, it does not mean you do not have a bulging disc.

If it's presumed you have a back injury, MRIs (magnetic resonance imaging) and CT scans (Computed Tomography) are the best ways to get a proper diagnosis. X-rays do not usually help determine if a disc is herniated or not. Generally speaking, if you have no or little pain and yet you've been diagnosed with a herniated disc, chances are the disc is not pressing on any nerves.

This should not be a signal to not take action however. Even if no pain is present, it is advised that you consult with your doctor or physiotherapist and start core function and postural alignment treatments immediately to avoid your disc bulging any further.

The Respiratory System Explained

The existence of the human body is made possible due to a lot of significant organ systems and processes. Each one has its due importance and is indispensable; one such major organ system is the respiratory system.

The two organs needed the most in the human body to keep it alive technically are the heart and the lungs. This is because together these two make it possible to regulate good and bad blood through the body. Although these two work in conjuction, they have been divided into two different organ systems of the body – the respiratory system and the cardiovascular system – to better comprehend the workings of both these systems.

The cardiovascular system, which involves the heart and the blood vessels, supplies the oxygenated blood to every part of the body while taking the deoxygenated blood away from them. However, the cardiovascular system could not have functioned properly without the other most important system.

The respiratory system is made up of the mouth, nose and throat – all the air passage ways – also including the pharynx, larynx and the trachea and then the lungs. The whole design and purpose of this system is the exchange of beneficial and harmful gases within the body so the harmful ones, like carbon dioxide, can be expired out of the body's system and the oxygen is used to oxygenate the blood.
To understand this system further, it has been divided into two main parts, the upper respiratory tract and the lower respiratory tract.

The upper respiratory tract is made up of the mouth, nose, pharynx and larynx. To put it briefly the mouth and the nose are busy inhaling the air, making it warm and filtering it of most dirt particles. The pharynx is the place where this passage is divided into the windpipe, known as the trachea, and the food pipe. A flap of cartilage is placed over the trachea which acts as a lid to prevent food particles from entering there. The larynx or the voice box is also placed here to protect any of the solids or liquids from entering the windpipe.

From there the air moves on to the lower respiratory tract. The trachea is another marvel of the whole respiratory system. It is a 10-16 cm long windpipe, which has tiny hairs on the inside to prevent dust particles from polluting the lungs. It also has C-shaped cartilage rings on the complete front side to keep it open. The cartilage does not go all the way round to allow for expansion from behind and because the esophagus is positioned right behind it.

The air finally enters the lungs through the branched trachea pipes called the Bronchi which further divide into bronchioles; These are very narrow and finally lead to the alveoli sacs. Almost 3 million of these can be found in a single lung. It is actually across the thin walls of these sacs that the exchange of gases occurs. Lastly, we have the diaphragm which is a thick muscular band that is placed under both lungs so as to moves upwards and downwards with the rhythm.

Tonsil Stones – When Do You Need Antibiotics?

Tonsils are not unwanted as they are not only good but also serve various necessary immunological functions. They protect our body from particular diseases that there is no need to remove them without and until they create serious problems in us. They can range from smaller sized stones which may not be visible to naked eye to the very large ones resembling bookends when peered inside the throat. When they became very big in size the sufferers might find it hard to breathe or swallow that their removal would be inevitable. The collected strep in tonsils many times needs to come outside the throat region. Many a times they can get infected and create unnecessary problems.

Tonsil stones can become big because of viral infection, strep's random bouts and mononucleosis can sometimes be treated without the need for surgery. Most of the mononucleosis and viral infections would resolve all by themselves in a period of time with just simple gargling and consumption of hot soups. Strep tonsillitis that are often diagnosed in the laboratories respond in a good manner to short term exposure of antibiotics like erythromycin, penicillin or plain 'ol.

Tonsil stones can form in people who suffer from repeated tonsillitis bouts or throat infections and can result in making the tonsils swell and form holes or crypts where dead cells, mucous and bacteria get trapped. The debris in the crypts rot and decompose due to the warm and moist throat environment conditions and get calcified to become smaller size particles similar to stones. The actual tonsil stone composition can differ from one person to another but they may contain a minimum of two different kinds of matter in them.

In some disease can recur even after they are extracted. The nasty smelling lumps can annoy anyone. There are many reasons for the recurrence of diseases. In some it may be due to the hereditary or genetic conditions while in other it may be because of bad oral hygiene, irregular flossing and brushing of teeth. Some time they might be formed due to the throat infection of side effects of administering antibiotic. Diseases could be made to loosen by prodding those using lengthy objects like cotton wool buds or toothbrush in a gentle way.

Most of the time doctors feel that the disease need antibiotics to cure them but they might only provide relief for a temporary period of time. Only a good and healthy lifestyle, regular exercising and diet can prevent them from recycling.

Home Remedies for Curing Tonsil Stones

Tonsillectomy not only can lead to various health problems later but also does not come at a cheaper price. The surgery can also hinder day to day activities for some time. Here, it is avoided most often. In fact, there are natural and scientifically proven ways to get rid of tonsil stones so they never return. It's absolutely not necessary to go for a long, drawn out surgery or wasting your money on expensive nasal sprays and tablets. Follow a step-by-step program that will show you exactly how to get rid of your tonsil stones naturally and ensure they never come back!

Diabetes Symptoms – Quiz Yourself to See If You Have Any of the 11 Listed Here

According to the American Diabetes Association, in 2007 (which is the most recent data they have), 7.8% (23.6 million) of the population have diabetes … that's almost 8 in 100 people.

So how do you know if you have diabetes?

Here are some common symptoms of diabetes. If you think you might have diabetes after reading the signs below, please go to the Doctor right away.

  • Exhaustion typically caused by an imbalance in blood sugar
  • Dark areas on the skin with creases, typically in the armpits, groin and neck
  • Recurring yeast infections
  • Impotency
  • Weight loss or weight gain
  • Sometimes nausea
  • Dry mouth
  • Blurred vision (If your blood sugar goes too high, fluid can be rolled out of the eye lenses which will affect vision)
  • Having to urinate a lot (Excess sugar builds up in the bloodstream because some of the glucose can not get to the cells … so fluid is dropped from the tissues in your body which also may make you constantly thirsty.)
  • Sores on body that can resemble pimples … that heal slowly (could result due to the fact that the body has gone a long time without insulin)
  • Sometimes sores develop on the feet … and since a lot of times, nerves are damaged from the diabetes, a person with diabetes might not notice the sore (s) on the feet.

Going back to damaged nerves, a lot of diabetics develop diabetic neuropathy which results in an insensitivity or tingling … a lot of times in the feet … to heat, cold and pain.

Causes of Morbid Obesity

How does obesity happen? The reasons are complex. Despite popular opinion, morbid obesity is not purely the result of eating too much. According to recent studies, it has been found that cases of morbid obesity are often rooted in genetic causes. If this holds true in an individual case, then dieting and exercise will have limited effects on the problem.

Scientific research in to the causes and cure for morbid obesity continues to be connected all over the world. But until we gain a firmer grasp on all the implications of the disease, it is something that patients simply have to deal with and work on, fortimes for their own lives. Medical science has come up with numerous interventions, including surgery, but these are not cures for obesity – rather they provide relief for the physical strain and consequences that come from being excessively overweight.

We do not know what extreme obesity is caused by. Instead of there being one cause, it usually comes about as the result of several different factors, including diet, environment, genetics, heredity, and metabolism. Hypothyroidism and steroid intake are two medical conditions that may result in excess weight gain or obesity.

Children whose parents are obese have a much greater chance of becoming obese themselves. Perhaps this has to do with genetic factors, but more often than not, it has to do with the family's sedentary lifestyle and eating habits. If parents do not take proper care of themselves, then their children can be born obese.

There are additional, environmental, factors that cause and maintain obesity.

Ringworm in Humans – What You Need to Know

Although the word worm is in the name, ringworm is not caused by a worm or any other kind of animal. Ringworm in humans is a fungus infection. It can affect people or animals. The name ringworm comes from the tell-tale red ring that appears on the infected person's skin.

The trademark look of ringworm on humans is the reddish round rash on the skin with normal looking skin in the center. In addition the rash may be crusty and hard to the touch. The human head is also susceptible to this fungal infection, especially the scalp. Although ringworm of the scalp may show up as the signature round ring, it may also reveal itself as a small sore similar to a pimple that slowly enlarges over time.

One of the unsightly side effects of ringworm of the scalp is that it creates bald spots. What occurs is the hair inside the scalp of the infected area becomes hard and then breaks at the base. Another very well known type of ringworm in humans is athletes foot. Although it does not have the same ring-like look as ringworm it still can show up as a red crusty rash that is very itchy. Fortunately most athletes food is not difficult to treat and over the counter treatments generally will easily clear it up. No matter which type of ringworm you encounter, one thing must be noted; all types are very contagious and can spread quickly through direct contact.

The most common way to catch ringworm is through direct contact with another person or animal that has the infection. And because the fungus can remain dormant for extended periods of time, it can be contracted by coming into contact with infected objects, such as clothing, furniture or other fixtures. Ringworm also has a long incubation period (10 days) so it is often difficult if not impossible to figure out where it was first contracted. The fastest way to get rid of ringworm (although not necessarily the least expensive) is getting a diagnosis from a medical practitioner so the correct treatment can be prescribed.

Cover the spot (s) with a band-aid or clothing. Make sure that you continue treatment for the entire length of time that you doctor recommends even if the rash has disappeared. You should also wash all of your bedding or any house hold fabric that has come into contact with the rash with bleach and hot water. Repeat the treatment if the unwashed rash comes into contact with you house hold items again. Avoid your rash coming into contact with any other pets or people.

Ringworm is generally spread through scratching. It is generally considered one of the itchiest rashes you will ever get. This is why it is so hard to get rid of. It's just plain difficult not to scratch at all. Even with treatment the rash remains itchy, increasing in intensity until about the fifth day after the rash first appeared. You must just remain tough and bear with it. After about the fifth day the itching will start to subside.

When you are dealing with ringworm you need to be diligent. Stay on top of the treatment for the full prescribed length of time and change the band-aid daily. Ringworm will linger or reappear if it is not treated correctly. After having ringworm once, you definitely will not want to go through the whole process again.