Bronchitis Symptoms

Bronchitis is a condition caused by the inflammation of the medium sized airways. These are also known as the large bronchi. The inflammation is as a result of presence of harmful pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. Other causes of bronchitis are smoking and inhaling dangerous fumes. Most of the time, one does not really know that they have the condition. A visit to a doctor with bronchitis symptoms is the time one gets to know that they have the condition.

A visit to a doctor with bronchitis symptoms is the time one gets to know that they have the condition. The most common causes are the viruses. These include the adenoviridae, rhino virus, syncytial virus, influenza. The bronchitis symptoms experienced after an attack by these viruses usually disappear on their own after a few days. These symptoms include wheezing, fever, fatigue, an expectorant cough, shortness of breath and occasional chest pains.

Symptoms such as wheezing and shortness of breath are felt due to congestion of the airways with mucous. These can be relieved by taking bronchodilaters. These give temporary relief though. The first of bronchitis symptoms to be felt is a dry cough. This progresses to become a wet or productive cough after a few days. The other symptoms also become pronounced at this stage too. These usually disappear after a few days. The cough can last for up to a month.

If the cough lasts for more than a among, it should be checked out by an ear nose and mouth, it should be checked out by an ear nose and throat doctor. This is to detect whether the bronchitis symptoms have progressed to other deadly conditions such as pneumonia and asthma. Prevention measures can be done by taking the bronchitis oral vaccine.

The 2009 ZR1 Corvette – The King of the Hill

Chevrolet plans to release a new corvette in 2009, well not exactly new, it's and upgraded version of the ZR1 corvette from the 1980's, and when I say up graded I mean up graded, more power, better handling, more comfortable, well yo get the idea, this car is the king of the hill, the best of the best that Chevrolet has to offer.

With it's supercharged LS9 engine it is putting out about 650 horsepower, making it the most powerful car built by Chevrolet for a long long time, and making the corvette set salivate, waiting with anticipation, chomping at the bit ready for something new, and this is just what the doctor ordered for a corvette freak.

With more then enough power to satisfy the most power hungry corvette freak, and the Euro styling of the new corvette, it will no doubt be a huge seller, and no doubt be unbeatable by any stock muscle car on the market, yes I said any , and that includes the Viper, being as how the corvette can already hold it's own against the viper.

Chevrolet has dropped the displacement of the engine down to 6.2 liters, and added another 149 horsepower, obviously this will not be a cheap car, it's not going to be a car for a person that makes $ 30,000 per year, it will be in the low to mid $ 100,000 dollar range, making it out of the budget of a normal person.

With all the technology that Chevrolet is throwing at this car, it's no wonder that it will not be cheap, I have to give them "CUDOS" for building such a cool car, it's just like that old days, when Chevrolet was the top dog , they are on their way to being the king again.

To put all that power to the ground, in a manor that will not have you fish tailing all over the road Chevrolet has added Michelin Pilot Sport 285 / 30ZR19s at the front of this monster, and at the rear the awesome power of this engine is being distributed by way of Michelin Pilot Sport 335 / 25ZR20s, this car has the stance of a muscle car, but will handle like a sports car making it the only choice for a true American muscle car guy or girl.

The ZO6 corvette had a very stiff suspension, making it difficult to drive quickly on the road, whereas the new corvette ZR1 will use some Euro tech known as magneto-rheological dampers, like the Ferrari 599, the fluid in these units is filled with iron particles and the viscosity can be instantly changed by varying an electric current passing through it, ride sensors in the car take measurements every 0.001 seconds, and translate the information to the dampers every 0.002 seconds, adjusting the firmness of the ride to handle the corners much better then a stock mechanical system would.

With a six speed gear box, and Ferrari disc brakes at all four corners, stopping should be no problem either, as you well know, what speeds up must at one time on another slow down, and the brakes and transmission are just as important as the engine is to your safety, the brake rotors are made for a carbon ceramic composite, the Ferrari Enzo used these brakes on the front wheels, the corvette will use them at all four corners.

The Tremec 6060 will handle the power distribution from the engine to the road, and to show off a bit of it's new attitude, the speedometer will move for a 200 mph unit in the ZO6 Corvette, and a new 220 mph unit in the all new ZR1, with all of this awesome technology, it will be a car lovers dream come true, all that power and grace in a Chevrolet corvette, not a Porsche, not any Euro car, the corvette, and American built sports car, yes I said american.

Postherpetic Neuralgia Signs and Symptoms

Postherpetic Neuralgia, which is also known simply as PHN is basically a disease of the skin and so the signs and symptoms are also naturally on the skin itself. But this does not mean that the disease is just skin deep. It goes deep down and affects the nerves of the body itself. The pain (which is the first symptom) actually starts when the virus that causes it begins to travel through the nerves. And when this happens the nerve fibers become damaged and can not transmit electrical signals to the brain. Postherpetic Neuralgia is a complication of the shingles disease and so, the first signs and symptoms are always close to the shingles disease. But whenever the pain starts to become acute the disease takes a turn towards Postherpetic Neuralgia and it has to be understood that it might be Postherpetic Neuralgia and not shingles anymore.

The most common signs and symptoms of Postherpetic Neuralgia are associated with pain. But normally the pain has to be persistent for a period of 3 months or more for the physician to term it as Postherpetic Neuralgia. Further there should be a biting, stabbing, throbbing or burning feeling. However the pain and the inconvenience do vary from one person to another – while it can be severe for one, it can also be a bit milder for another.

The pain travels through the nerves and reaches the skin where rashes and blisters start to erupt. This is the second symptom. These blisters can appear almost anywhere in the body and are also very sensitive to any touch and pressing. If these blisters are not in the exposed skin areas and are covered by cloth, even the simple act of cloth rubbing over the blisters can also lead to severe pain – they are so sensitive. The pain may also increase with any change in temperature.

However exactly contrary to this, another thing can happen. Postherpetic Neuralgia can make the affected skin area numb as well. When this happens, instead of being extra sensitive, the rashes can not be even felt or there can be very little sensation as well.

Another symptom of Postherpetic Neuralgia involves itchiness in the affected parts of the skin. But mind it, itching the rashes can only make the situation worse. The disease can also come with headache.

It has been observed that the herpes zoster virus that causes the disease affects mostly people who are 50 years and above in age. This is though the same chicken pox virus that stays dormant for years before becoming active again. Researchers are saying that the herpes zoster virus actually reactivates when there are symptoms of another disease in the body, and it is these symptoms that actually trigger off Postherpetic Neuralgia.

So there is a relationship between the symptoms of other diseases and the symptoms of Postherpetic Neuralgia. Particularly in people who are seniors or are in the middle age.

Hip Replacement Patients Urged to Find out if DePuy Hip Recall Affects Them

The recall of the ASR XL Acetabular System and the ASR Hip Resurfacing System by DePuy Orthopaedics could affect as many as 93,000 replacement hip recipients worldwide. If you have undergone hip replacement surgery since July 2003, there is a chance that this massive hip recall applies to you.

DePuy issued the recall after data from the National Joint Registry from England and Wales indicated that the ASRs fail in 1 out of 8 patients within five years of implantation. Some experts believe that the ASR devices contain a design flaw that makes them difficult to implant, although DePuy has denied this. The bottom line, though, is that 12.5 percent of ASR recipients require a second hip replacement surgery. Some patients experience painful, tumor-like inflammation because the ASR they received produces toxic metal flakes. Others suffer from a dislocated hip or an implant that does not adhere to bone the way it should. In rare cases, bone fractures occur due to a defective ASR implant.

But even if you have not experienced pain, discomfort, difficult walking, or other adverse side effects, you still need to find out whether you received an ASR hip as soon as possible. Because DePuy does not keep records of ASR patients, you need to call your orthopedic surgeon. In the event that you do not remember his or her name, you can also call the hospital where your surgery was performed.

Prompt action on your part has two important benefits. First and foremost, your health is at stake. You will need to undergo testing to determine whether your hip is performing normally. Again, this is important even in the absence of painful side effects. It could take years before you develop symptoms of a failing hip, and you might need to return for testing on an annual basis.

In addition, contacting your doctor as soon as possible ensures that a statute of limitations does not expire. If too much time elapses, you may be unable to take legal action against DePuy. Although this may not be a priority for you at the moment, it might be necessary to file a lawsuit in the future in order to obtain compensation from DePuy for injuries, pain, suffering, and other losses you suffer due to a defective ASR implant.

Despite DePuy’s assertion that it does not keep records of ASR patients, the company is requesting that ASR recipients call their “Help Line” in order to identify themselves and initiate a claim. This could, in fact, be counterproductive to a patient hoping to be reimbursed for costs related to the DePuy hip recall. DePuy may try to use what you say to minimize the value of your claim, or blame you for your injuries. Before calling DePuy or speaking with a representative of the company, you should speak with a hip recall attorneywho has your best interests in mind.

Elbow Pain – A Funny Bone With No Laughing Matter

The elbow is the joint that connects the end of the upper arm bone, distal humerus, to the bones of the forearm, radius and ulna, with ligaments, tendons and muscles.

The elbow allows us to bend, extend and rotate the arm. The radius and ulna, the two bones of the forearm, fit into the ends of the upper arm bone like a hinge forming the elbow joint. The distal humerus, the upper arm bone, flares out to form the medial and lateral epicondyles. The large bump of the ulna behind the elbow joint is called the olecranon. The olecranon forms the bony prominence of the elbow and connects with the triceps muscles of the upper arm.

At one time or another everyone has typically experienced a minor elbow injury. An example of this is when a person bumps their “funny bone.” The “funny bone” involves the ulnar nerve that runs down the back of the elbow. When this nerve is bumped, a feeling of pain and a tingling sensation is felt down the arm. This pain may be intense at first but is brief and will go away on its own.

Minor or serious elbow pain can include symptoms such as pain, swelling, numbness, tingling, weakness or a decrease in range of motion. Sudden or acute elbow injuries may be caused by a direct blow, a fall, or a penetrating injury. Other elbow injuries can occur by twisting, jerking, jamming or bending the elbow abnormally.

Examples of acute injuries include bruises, sprains, strains, fractures or dislocation. Overuse injures can occur when too much stress is placed on a joint or other tissue. This can be caused by overdoing an activity or through repetition of an activity. Some examples of overuse injures are bursitis, swelling behind the elbow, tendonitis, micro-tears in the connective tissue, and radial tunnel syndrome, which is the pinching of the deep radial nerve near the elbow joint.

Elbow treatment depends on several factors; the location, type and severity of the injury, how long ago the injury occurred and a persons age, health condition and activities. Elbow treatment measures include the application of a brace, splint, or cast, physical therapy, medication and in some cases surgery.

The elbow is a major joint that provides us with movements we use each and every hour. Taking care of this important joint is important in good health.

Types of Pharyngitis

Pharyngitis is a sore throat caused by an infection or inflammation of the back of the throat or the pharynx. Most people associate pharyngitis with strep throat, however there a numerous microbial causes of pharyngitis.

Typically the cause of the pharyngitis cannot be determined solely on clinical grounds as symptoms overlap broadly with few exceptions.

Streptococcal pharyngitis

Easily the most important pathogen as a cause of pharyngitis is Streptococcus pyogenes or group A strep. Clinically an inflamed and edematous pharynx is observed with the infected person complaining of throat pain and difficulty in swallowing. Also present is fever, headache, swollen lymph nodes and sometimes a red papule rash.

Other types of beta-hemolytic strep particularly groups C and G can produce similar symptoms as group A strep, only somewhat milder. Only group A strep is associated with rheumatic fever as a sequelae.

Arcanobacterium haemolyticum pharyngitis

The bacterium that causes this type of pharyngitis closely resembles streptococcal pharyngitis even including the rash in some patients. A. haemolyticum pharyngitis is frequently seen in young adults and adolescents as opposed to streptococcal pharyngitis which is primarily a disease of young children.

Viral pharyngitis

Viruses are by far the most common cause of pharyngitis in both adults and children. Epstein-Barr virus (infectious mononucleosis) is the most common virus implicated with adenoviruses and the cold viruses-coronaviruses and rhinoviruses are also common.

People with pharyngitis caused by adenoviruses frequently have viral conjunctivitis concurrently. Symptoms differ little from bacterial pharyngitis and culture and “rapid tests” are required to rule out bacterial pharyngitis.

Gonococcal pharyngitis

Many agents of sexually transmitted infections can also cause pharyngitis including Chlamydia and syphilis.

An oropharyngeal infection with gonorrhea can be asymptomatic or clinical symptoms may be present and can be seen with disseminated infection.

It may be suspected in patients that engaged in oral sex. If the physician suspects gonococcal pharyngitis he or she must indicate this so the appropriate bacteriological media is used to culture it.


Though extremely rare in the United States with less than 10 cases reported annually, it can occur sporadically. It is very easy to differentiate from red patches as seen in streptococcal pharyngitis.

Diphtheria is characterized by a thick grayish-white membrane which covers the back of the throat with swelling in the surrounding tissues.

Specimens for suspected diphtheria are typically referred to public health laboratories for identification.

Who discovered Colles fracture?

Abraham Colles was born in 1773, the same year that American colonialist disguised as Indians emptied 342 chests of tea into Boston harbour to avoid paying taxes to the British Crown. These levies were no doubt required to fund the activities of people like Captain James Cook who was meanwhile engaged in trying to find new territories around the islands of New Zealand. Colles grew up in a small village near Kilkenny and graduated in Arts from Trinity College, Dublin. He received a diploma from the Royal College of Surgeon’s in Dublin in 1795, the same year that the British took control of the Cape Province from the Dutch. A few months later he left Ireland to study in Edinburgh, from where he gained his M.D. in 1797. His main interest was in surgery, and on completion of his degree Colles was fortunate enough to secure an intern position with the eminent surgeon, Sir Astley Cooper at St. Thomas’s Hospital, London. It is said that Astley Cooper was the first man to tie off the abdominal aorta while treating an aortic aneurysm. For whatever reason, Colles walked all the way from Edinburgh to London, and apparently completed the 400 miles in just eight days.


In 1800, Ashley Cooper became surgeon to Guy’s Hospital and Colles returned to start private practice in Dublin. For a long while he found it difficult to make ends meet, but during the period he was elected resident surgeon to Dr. Steeven’s Hospital. The hospital was founded by Dr. Richard Steven’s (1653-1710) who had been more successful in attaining wealth and who had left his fortune to his sister Grizel, upon whose death it was to be used to build a hospital within the city of Dublin. Dr. Stevens had been twice elected President of the College of Physicians. His father was a clergyman from Wiltshire, and had come to Ireland at the time of Oliver Cromwell. The hospital  his sister opened in 1733 and was equiped to house 40 patients. By 1804, Colles had already developed a reputation and was elected Professor of Anatomy and Surgery at the Royal College of Surgeon’s in Ireland. Interestingly Sir Ashley Cooper was elected to the same position in England, some seven years later. Colles remained in his position at the Royal College of Surgeons until 1836, during which time he wrote many articles, including the famous ‘ On fracture of the carpal extremity of the radius’ in the year of 1814. During the same period, Sir Astley Cooper remained busy, had even removed a tumour from the head of King George 1V and had been made a baronet. It should be said that Colles was recognised as being an exemplary surgeon and teacher. He was the first to introduce mercury therapy for the treatment of syphilis, which was prevalent in the Dublin of the period. He also noted that a child born with the disease tends to infect the healthiest nurse but never its mother. Abraham Colles resigned his position in Dr. Steven’s Hospital in 1842, the same year that Abraham Lincoln married the social climber Mary Todd in Springfield. He died one year later in  the same year that Richard Wagner first performed his opera ‘The Flying Dutchman’, and Ulysses S. Grant finally gave up his dreams of becoming a mathematician and graduated as a 2nd Lieutenant from West Point Academy.

Herbal Remedies For Throat and Tonsils Health

The throat is a part of the body that is easily and frequently inflicted with ailments, being susceptible to pollutants and microorganisms entering the nasal passageway. Unhealthy lifestyles when complemented with a weak immune system likely induce the manifest of throat and tonsil disorders every now and then. Since throat and tonsil infections can weaken our immunity, the likelihood of acquiring other illnesses afterwards is highly probable; to thus jeopardize the body’s health conditions. Prescription drugs may work to ease the inflammation of the throat or eradicate the infection, but then there are known side-effects to these drugs that could compromise the body’s wellness.

To prevent this chain of maladies from happening, herbal remedies have been formulated by modern day herbalists to effectively heal throat and tonsil infections. What’s good about alternative treatments is that while these are produced from a combination of natural ingredients, the resultant formula guarantees minimal or no side-effects in its intake. Furthermore, herbal remedies prevent the recurrence of infections and ensures enduring health as well.

Traditional remedies administered to resolve throat and tonsils inflammation include salt gargles or lemon-infused water. Meanwhile, clinical research has confirmed the effectiveness of herbal remedies in easing throat and tonsil disorders. Gelsemium (Gelsemium Sempervirens), a woody evergreen vine characterized by fragrant yellow flowers, is well-known for its ability to pacify throat inflammation. Gelsemine, the principle alkaloid in Gelsemium, has been confirmed to be an effective analgesic – which relieves respiratory disorders. Pertinent studies also revealed the Gelsemium’s ability to cure influenza-related lethargy, aches, pains and general flu ailments. The Sage (Salvia Officinalis) is likewise regarded for its ability to promote mouth, throat and tonsils health. Phenolic acids occurring with its extracts contain antimicrobial properties that help prevent the further spread of infection. Moreover, the herb was discovered to contain ursolic acid, a compound that reduces inflammation in the throat.

Herbal and homeopathic treatments are not designed to specifically heal an organ of the body. Instead, these are formulated to ensure that all the other vital systems of the body are functioning properly (since one cannot be healthy without the other being healthy as well). Herbs such as Cleavers (Gallium Aperine) clear throat and tonsil disorders by cleansing and supporting the health of the lymph glands. Cleavers further supports the body in routine toxin removal – which is a fortunate circumstance in maintaining a strong immune system. Mercurius Solubilis is a homeopathic Mercury that does not only treat the throat, but also the tonsils, gums, teeth, ears and nose – practically all the other interconnected organs of the airways. The alkaloids of the plant Belladona are also pharmaceutically combined with other compounds to holistically treat various lymphatic and respiratory disorders. These are just a few of the expansive medicinal benefits herbs and homeopathic remedies can provide that may not be available from a dose of prescription medicine.

Herbal remedies manufactured in the market may utilize one or more of the natural ingredients above to ensure a holistic treatment of throat and tonsils conditions. Standardized herbal remedies such as Throat and Tonsil Doctor are typically formulated from a holistic blend of the above-mentioned ingredients. Besides soothing the throat during inflammation, herbal formulas strengthen the lymphatic and immune system to keep infections from recurring.

Herbal remedies indeed are nature’s way of balanced healing – effective treatment of illnesses without the unsightly side-effects.

Diabetes Affects On The Body

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder that can affect the body directly or can cause other illnesses or complications as a consequence of the initial disease. This article will discuss the direct affects on the body due to diabetes and also the complications that may occur. It is believed that complications from diabetes can be minimized if the proper care is received for diabetes so this article will also describe the best way to manage and treat diabetes.

Diabetes affects the beta cells in the islet cells within the pancreas.

In type 1 diabetes the cells are destroyed by the body because the body thinks they are pathogens. The beta cells create insulin. Insulin is used to convert glucose in the blood to glycogen in the fat, muscle and liver cells and thus reduce the level of glucose in the blood as a by-product. Without insulin the glucose level can not be reduced and this can lead to hyperglycemia.

In type 2 diabetes the body develops insulin resistance. This means the body can still produce insulin but the body needs more insulin to deal with blood sugar levels or the insulin is simply ineffective. This will also lead to high glucose levels in the blood and hyperglycemia

Classic symptoms of hyperglycemia are:

Polydipsia or frequent or sudden thirst

Polyuria or frequent urination

Polyphagia or frequent or sudden hunger

Other symptoms may include


Blurred vision

Dryness of the mouth or itchiness all over the body

Weight loss

High blood sugar levels are treated by injecting insulin into the body. If insulin is not injected this can lead to diabetic ketoacidosis. If there is no insulin in the body the glucose in the blood can not be transformed into energy thus the body looks for energy elsewhere in the body. It essentially starts to use parts of the body as an energy source. If this goes undetected the sufferer can go into a coma. It is probably on of the most serious consequences of diabetes and can lead to death.

Chronic high blood sugar levels are also believed to be bad for the blood vessels and the heart. These types of conditions are broken down into macro vascular and micro vascular diseases.

Macro vascular diseases are related to the heart and the larger blood vessels like the arteries. It is believed that the excessive sugar in the blood vessels causes the lining of the blood vessels to become scored and rough which in turn causes fatty substances to stick to the lining. This can lead to atherosclerosis or thickening of the artery walls. This can lead to numerous complications including heart disease and strokes. It can also lead to poor circulation of the blood in general.

Poor circulation is primarily responsible for most of the micro vascular diseases. Micro vascular disease are related to the small blood vessels like the capillaries that supply blood to the eyes, nervous system and extremities of the body. As the circulation becomes worse these parts of the body do not get the nutrients that blood supplies and begin to have problems.

A common problem is diabetic neuropathy. This is defined as nerve damage. Interrupted or poor blood supply causes the nerves to malfunction and this can lead to pain, numbness or insensitivity to any part of the body. The most common area is the feet and special care and attention should be reserved for the feet.

Another micro vascular disease is known as diabetic retinopathy. This is caused by lack of blood supply to the fine capillaries vessels on the retina. This causes the capillaries to dies and new capillaries grow in their place. These capillaries tend to be weaker and will leak blood into the aqueous humor of the eye. This can lead to poor vision and ultimately blindness.

The best way to prevent acute and chronic complications of diabetes is to monitor and maintain the level of glucose in the blood. If this level can be kept low and constant there is less chance that any of the diseases mentioned above will occur. The best way to do this is to develop a diet plan, exercise consistently and take insulin or medication when and as required.

What is Diabetes? Important Facts About Diabetes

Diabetes is a much talked about subject these days. It is thought to be one of the fastest growing diseases in the world to the extent that the World Health Organization (WHO) recently described it it as an epidemic. But what is diabetes exactly? This article will explain what the disease does to the body and the various types of diabetes.

Diabetics are noted for having a high level of sugar in their blood. They are unable to reduce this sugar level which can lead to further health complications if left untreated. Sugar gets into the bloodstream when we metabolize food. It is used by the body’s cells as energy. Without the energy the cells would starve.

It is often thought that eating too much sugar or sugary foods will give you diabetes. This is not true. Eating sugary foods will not give you diabetes but it could lead to a gain in weight if there is not enough exercise to go with the food intake.

If a high sugar diet is followed for any length of time, without exercise there is a good chance that the person will become overweight and eventually obese. And one link that most people with type 2 diabetes have is that they are overweight or obese. The assumption being that a person that is over weight stands a higher chance of developing the disease.

Also a diet high in sugary foods is not a balanced diet and will lead to a deficiency of vital nutrients and vitamins that could cause further health issues.

Another aspect of diabetes is that many people that have it do not know that they have it. This is because there are often no symptoms or the symptoms can be ascribed to another illness, like the flu, stress or simply overworking.

Here are some of the more common symptoms:

Excessively thirsty (polydipsia).

Needing to urinate often (polyuria).

Having a big appetite without putting any weight on.

Always tired.

Nauseous or a generally unwell feeling.

Blurred vision.

Yeast infections.

Male impotence.

If you have noticed any of these symptoms then you should see your doctor.

It could be that your body has stopped producing insulin. Insulin is the hormone that reduces the sugar level in the blood. This is called type 1 diabetes or insulin dependent diabetes.

The other alternative is that the pancreas continues to produce insulin but the body has become resistant to it, negating the sugar reducing affect it has on the blood. This is termed type 2 diabetes. A similar condition happens to pregnant women. This is known as gestational diabetes and will start during pregnancy and stop after the birth.

There is still no cure for diabetes. Consequently, lifelong treatment is the way to deal with the disease.

Treatment includes setting up a diabetic diet plan. This is effectively a well balanced meal plan that consists of portions of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Exercise is also an important part of the treatment. Diabetics are encourages to get as much exercise as they can and keep their weight down.

Type 1 diabetics will also inject insulin whenever they are about to eat a meal or if they have a high reading. People with type 2 diabetes could also take medication so that the body responds to the naturally created insulin.

Vitamin B12 and Obesity

One of the B complex vitamins, Vitamin B12 is essential for metabolic processes and energy production. Its functions that are independent of the other B vitamins include DNA synthesis, red blood cells production, and maintenance of the nervous system. The vitamin is no doubt vital for keeping the systems in the body working properly, yet so many people suffer from deficiency of the vitamin. Moreover, while this deficiency is usually related to people's increasing age, diet, and diseases they have, there is another condition that can cause the deficiency: obesity.

Obesity affects millions of people in the world. According to the World Health Statistics 2012 report, one in six adults is obese. This is alarming as obesity leads to serious health problems such as cardiovascular diseases and diabetes. So how are Vitamin B12 and obesity related? The thing with obesity is that the diseases it causes contribute to the inability of the body to absorb the vitamin, including diabetes and digestive disorders. If you have diabetes and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as a result of obesity, then you may have to take metformin and PPIs (proton-pump inhibitors), respectively. These medications are known to affect the body's ability to absorb the vitamin, increasing your risk of developing deficiency of the vitamin.

Moreover, people who are obese tend to consume foods that are high in carbohydrates and low in protein. This affects the levels of their intake of the vitamin as protein-rich foods usually come from animal products, which are the main sources of the vitamin.

Vitamin B12 deficiency can lead to serious health problems, such as pernicious anemia and nervous system disorders. Its common symptoms include fatigue bleeding gums, tingling of the hands and feet, loss of balance, and confusion. Deficiency of the vitamin is just one of the effects of obesity. Addressing obesity is The while an easy task, obese people may Prevent the deficiency and the conditions by vBulletin® taking B12 liquid drops color : as a dietary supplement.

Home hospital beds for Spinal Cord Injuries

Nothing is more debilitating and emotionally crippling than an injury to the spine. Whether you have chronic back pains or a broken spinal column, spinal injuries can lead to a drastic change in one’s lifestyle. The victim may lose sensation in most parts of their body while in extreme cases may observe paralysis of the entire body.

Believe it or not, even simple prolonged back pain can also lead to injuries that may disable you for life. These are most commonly caused when you use your back muscles to do activities you’re not used to doing. Tripping, falling a short distance or lifting a heavy object may also plant the painful seeds in that spine without you even being aware of it! If you’re one of those individuals that didn’t take heed of those warnings, then chances are that you’re in need of a hospital bed.

The loss of sensation may also make the injured individual prone to pressure sores and/or loss of sensation in their remaining limbs due to lack of motion while in bed. They may not even be able to feel heat or cold. This static state can ultimately lead to pressure ulcers which are considered one of the most deadly of spinal complications.

An injury in the limbs or back muscles may lead to sprain that can leave one bedridden for an inordinate amount of time, depending on the severity of the injury. A dislocation of the spine on the other hand, may lead to permanent paralysis if the patient is not taken care of correctly. A hospital bed can provide a comforting and convenient solution for such people.

This is why having the right kind of home hospital beds is so important! Not everyone has the convenience and money to invest in a room at the hospital to take care of either their own or their loved one’s back injury. A home hospital bed allows these ailing individuals to to be cared for at home by family members or trained professionals, so they  receive the loving care and healing touch that is so much more powerful at home.

These home Hospital beds come in manual, semi-manual and electric variety which makes them perfect for ailing backs. They are also usually made of strong, light-weight steel and aluminum sections with adjustable stainless steel parts. Side rail bars also allow the patient to sit up or raise themselves according to their comfort and which also allows them to promote good body alignment. Companies such as Transfer Master manufacture and sell a wide range of home hospital beds for patients in these circumstances.

Perhaps the best feature of these hospital beds is the lowering and raising mechanisms available. Those hand rails may not help you much if you’re a quadriplegic, but the adjustable back can aid you in sitting up if you want to eat or want to alleviate some of those cramps.

STD Symptoms in Men

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in men are just as common in men as are in women. The difference is that some of these STDs are not as easily detectable in men. They can be cured through medication or through simple surgery and recurrences of the disease are unlikely. Because it is difficult to detect certain STDs in men it is advised that he gets checked on a yearly basis to ensure that he is in good health and that there are no diseases hiding within his system. This way he can get tested for STDs and begin treatment immediately.


Chlamydia is one of the more common STDs a man can experience. It develops through contracting microbes called Chlamydia trachomatis. As per the Center for Disease Control (CDC), Chlamydia is the most common STD in the United States. Between 2004 and 2008, the rate of Chlamydia reported increased to 45 percent due to the advancements in STD testing methods and over the counter testing methods such as home STD testing kits. Chlamydia can typically be detected within one to three weeks after symptoms are presented.

Men infected with the disease will experience discharge from the penis, painful urination, and a burning or tingling feeling around the opening of the penis which can also be felt in the testicles. If Chlamydia is found in the rectal area, men will experience symptoms such as rectal discharge or draining and severe pain both during bowel movements and random times throughout the day if not all day. Additionally, Chlamydia can be transmitted to the throat through oral sex.


Gonorrhea is developed through contracting specific microorganisms called neisseria gonorrhoeae. Symptoms of gonorrhea include painful urination, white, yellow or green discharge from the penis, and swollen or enlarged testicles. Gonorrhea also affects the rectum and can be extremely painful. Symptoms a man could experience include rectal discharge, soreness, tingling sensations, rectal draining, and painful, hard, solid bowel movements. If gonorrhea has been contracted via oral sex, a man will experience a sore throat that will continue to get worse due to the many different types of bacteria already in the throat interacting with those microorganisms that cause gonorrhea. Gonorrhea can also cause epididymitis which is the curved portion at the back of the testicles where sperm matures; it is the swelling of the tube that connects the testicle to the vas deferens. Side effects can take anywhere from two to thirty days after contracting the disease. If left untreated, it can leave a man infertile and unable to have children.


Syphilis is one of those "silent but deadly" STDs. You could have syphilis for several weeks, months, and in rare occasions, years before experiencing side effects in any stage. The first phase of syphilis presents itself as sores around the genital area. This type of sore is called a chancre sore. It will appear as a hard, indented portion on your skin and typically disappears without treatment within three to six weeks. The second phase of syphilis rears in the form of a rash on the skin and mucous layers in the body. The rash could be extremely red and harsh or as tan spots that are most commonly found on the palms of the hands or the soles of the feet. Other symptoms you may experience include swollen lymph nodes, fever, sore throat, cerebral pain, random male pattern baldness, significant decrease in weight, and being unusually fatigued or exhausted. The rash is the biggest indicator of how severe the disease is; while it will go away on its own without treatment, once it goes away it serves as the primary indicator that the disease is now in the advanced stages. In the late stages of syphilis, a man will not show any visible side effects. However, while side effects may not be visible, the disease will essentially "eat away" and attack the major organs. In this stage, the disease begins to attack the brain, heart, liver, bones, and joints. A man can experience loss of motion, numbness, changes in vision to the point where he may eventually become blind, dementia, and the inevitable, death.


Herpes is the most common form of STDs. It develops by contracting the herpes simplex infection 1 (Hsv-1) or herpes simplex infection 2 (Hsv-2). However, genital herpes is most commonly developed by contracting the Hsv-2 virus. The herpes virus first presents itself as one or more rankles in the genital or rectal areas of the body. These are open sores that turn into ulcers on the genitalia and rectum and can take a man five or more weeks to get rid of the virus. When the flare up is first noticed, it is the most painful, the most intense, and the most excruciating pain a man will experience. As time goes on, these episodes are less successive and less uncomfortable.

Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, attacks the immune system leaving a man extremely vulnerable to catching other severe illnesses. Most times when a man who has contracted the HIV virus, he may experience no symptoms of the disease. It is not until he becomes ill with another type of illness that HIV is detected. Flu-like symptoms such as a fever, sore throat, and swollen lymph nodes can begin to rear two to six weeks after being infected with the HIV virus. Other very common symptoms of traditional illnesses that are often seen with HIV include diarrhea, unexplained weakness, mouth sores, and a rash. These symptoms may take 10 years or more to even appear if the typical flu-like symptoms do not appear. Having additional STDs can increase your chances of contracting the HIV virus.

Testing for STDs

Getting STD testing is more accessible than it used to be. Now, you can walk into any pharmacy and buy an STD at home testing kit which will detect certain types of STDs but not all. Testing at home has become the more common method of testing to avoid the embarrassment factor of going to their doctor. If a man suspects he has contracted a more advanced STD than what a home testing kit can detect, it is imperative he be tested as soon as possible by his doctor so the disease can be treated promptly. With home STD testing kits, a man can obtain his test results online and can take those results with him to his doctor to begin a treatment regimen for the disease. If needed, additional testing will be done to pinpoint the exact STD he has contracted.

Naturally Get Rid of a Yeast Infection Rash

Having a yeast infection rash is one of the many symptoms of having this irritating condition. Although annoying, you can get rid of all the symptoms naturally if you know how. Before you go to your local supermarket to purchase an over the counter medication, consider stopping by your dairy aisle and grabbing some yogurt instead to get quick relief instead.

Yogurt is good for the digestive and immune system because it contains friendly bacteria that helps your body defend your digestion system from bad bacteria. It is crucial to note here that not all yogurt will be useful. Most store brands of yogurt have been heat treated to extend its shelf life, and kills the good bacteria because of this.

When seeking yogurt you need to make sure that it is plain, contains no sugar, no additives, no coloring and is not heat-treated. You can find this kind of yogurt at most health food stores. When you have a small carton of natural yogurt, you will not be eating it.

To naturally relieve your yeast infection rash easily, using a spatula apply a thick layer topically over your affected area, spread it evenly with your fingers and then leave the yogurt on your skin for about an hour before you rinse it off. When you apply this natural treatment as needed, the good bacteria along with the soothing and cooling effect of the yogurt will make your rash go away quicker than any over the counter creams or lotions ever will.

A Method Used in Hernia Repair

One of the method which is used in hernia repair is surgery that consists in a single long incision made in the groin. There are two types of hernia repairs the first is a direct hernia when the hernia is bulging out of the abdominal wall and the bulge is pushed back into place and the other called indirect hernia when the hernia sac is tied off and removed or pushed back because the hernia is going down the inguinal canal.

Herniorghraphy is the common procedure used in hernia repair and it consists in the sewing the edges of healthy muscle tissue together when in the muscle wall is the weak spot, the place where the hernia bulges through. This procedure is used for smaller hernias that can be present since birth and for healthy tissues. In this case can be possible that stitches without adding stress on the tissue can be used. The surgical approach can be different because it depends the area of muscle wall that is repaired and the surgeon’s preference.

Hernioplasty is another procedure to repair hernias which use the mesh patches of synthetic material like: Gore-Tex, Teflon, Dacron, Marlex or Prolene. This method is used in cases when hernias recur and in large hernias. After the hernia is pushed back into place the patches are sewn over the weakened area in the abdominal wall. The risk that make a hernia to recur can be reduced by the patch that decreases the tension on the weakened abdominal wall. Generally the adults with open surgery for hernia repair can return to normal activities after a recovery period that can be the 4 weeks. This period can vary from person to person.

For inguinal hernias is recommended surgical repair. Usually for repairing inguinal hernia at the infants and children is used open surgery because it is safe. When the surgeons with experience use the mesh patches in open hernia repair the recurrence rate is low. Nowadays in open and laparoscopic surgery are used for hernia repair synthetic patches. After open surgery the chance that the hernia to recur is from 1% to 7% for an indirect hernia and from 4% to 10% for a direct hernia.

Usually an inguinal hernia or hernia surgery not affect the sexual function. There is the possibility at males that surgery or an incarcerated hernia can cause injury to the vas deferens which is the tub that carries sperm from the testicles to the urethra. The blood vessels that supply one or both testicles with blood, which may cause the affected testicles to shrink, rarely, can be injured by surgery or an incarcerated hernia. At the healthy children with hernia repair may appear some risks. So a child younger than one year must be checked by the surgeon to see if he has a hernia on the other side of the groin and if there is one must be repaired immediately, so can be avoided the risks of a second surgery.

At males with this practice are put both testicles at risk at the same time. Also can be problems repaired at the same time to avoid the risks of a second surgery at males with hydrocele and hernia. During the surgery at the premature babies can be at risk for heart and lung complication. At adults and children with hernia repair are the following risks: reaction to anesthesia, infection and bleeding at the site, nerve damage, numbness of skin, loss of blood supply to scrotum or testicles resulting in testicular atrophy, damage to the cord that carries sperm from the testicles to the penis resulting in an inability to father children and damage to the femoral artery or vein.

To reduce the risk of complications before surgery some people need specially preparation like: smokers, those with a history of blood clots in large blood vessels, those which take large doses of aspirin and those which take anticoagulation medicines like warfarin or heparin. At adults of all ages and healthy children inguinal hernia repair surgery is done on an outpatient basis and the surgery takes one hours. For the people with unusual recurrent hernias, very large hernias, hernias on both sides and severe illness like as heart or lung disease or who take anticoagulant medicines sometimes is recommended in-patient surgery. Infants with lung problems like bronchopulmonary dysplasia, seizure disorders, congenital heart disease and premature birth or the need for a breathing machine must be hospitalized for hernia surgery.

Many people, infants and children suffer by hiatus hernia but fortunately they can be healed by experienced surgeons through surgical repair.

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