Five Ways to Hurt Your Back

Back pain is one of the most common complaints in adults. Many people suffer from back pain, but it could be possible that you do not have to continue suffering. There are many ways to hurt your back, but we'll take a look at 5 of the most common ways that backs get hurt.

1. The Social Athlete: Many people hurt themselves during a pick up basketball game, or a game of flag football on the weekend. If you are not physically training (including proper stretching) for the sport you love to play, you could be setting yourself up for unnecessary pain.

2. The Lazy Lifter: We have all heard how to lift correctly, and we have probably all see demonstrations about it, but all too often, we go ahead and lift with our backs and there goes the back. Here are a few tips you can use next time you need to lift something.

a. Bend your knees, not your back.
b. Keep the thing you are lifting close to your body.
c. Do not hold the thing you're lifting any higher than your armpits, or lower than your knees.
d. Do not move anything weighing more than 20 percent of your body weight.
e. Avoid twisting your body or back while you are lifting or carrying an object.

3. Not Paying Attention: Be alert and pay attention to your back, concentrate on keeping your core muscles tight and firm, this can help to support your back. When you do not pay attention to your movements, you can sometimes hurt yourself doing menial tasks, like picking up a piece of paper off the floor, or twisting to grab something off of a table.

4. The Office: It's easy to think of a construction worker getting hurt on the job by lifting something too heavy, or falling from a ladder, but his back might be less prone to pain than many office workers. Sitting is harder on your back than standing or lying down, your discs are under more stress when you're sitting, and the fluid tends to leave them if you sit too long. They do much better if you keep them active. Try some of these to keep your back limber.

a. Get up from your chair every 20 minutes or so and go get a drink.
b. Stand up when you answer the phone.
c. Get away from your desk, and take a walk during break time.

5. The Evening Veg-Out: Again , this deals with too much sitting, when you get home from a hard day's work, all you want to do is veg out for a little while, maybe eat some supper and watch TV. Sitting on the couch watching TV is not much better for your back than sitting in your office chair. Get up and get active, find some simple stretches to do, or go for a walk each evening. You could even get extreme and stand up and stretch during the commercial breaks.

Obesity and Naturopathy

Naturopathy points its fingers to two habits as the cause of obesity – eating more than is required and lack of exercise.

Sedentary lifestyle coupled with binge eating is recipe for fat accumulation, overweight and obesity. Stress and excess alcohol too can be reasons for obesity.

Obesity can lead to formation of many kinds of diseases. High blood pressure and heart diseases are the main diseases that an obese person needs to be cautious of. Isolation from the society is other serious condition obese persons have to face.

Obesity is classified into three types viz. mild to moderate, moderate to severe and severe based on the intensity of the problem.

The Naturopathic Way of Curing Obesity

Cold hip bath two times a day

Warm water enema

Fasting on liquid food for 3-4 days

Underwater massage

Friction baths

Neutral whirlpool

Steam and sauna bath

Warm water immersion

Lifestyle Modification

After completing fasting or treatment, the person must be disciplined enough to not to get addicted to over eating again. It is essential to maintain healthy nutrition, intake of large quantities of water, and staying away from high calorie food.

Daily minimum walk of 5 km is also indicated. Practicing yoga and aerobic exercises also should be made part of your daily routines.

Continue fasting once a week and identify carving for food. Different water therapy measures can be continued till you get desirable results of weight loss.

The important thing is to stay away from undesirable habits like excessive smoking and alcohol consumption.

Old Time Remedies For What Ails You – Did They Work?

Years ago, there was not much money to go around and when an individual became ill then the Doctor was usually the head of the household. There was no such thing as medical insurance and there were not many Doctors around anyway.

So what were some of the old time supposed cures for common ailments, at least according to the old-timers.

Chest colds:

This called for a good greasing with goose grease. It would be slightly warmed then piled onto the front and back of the individual. Then a flannel or wool cloth would be laid over top of this. It was believed that warm grease would seep into the pores and loosen the congestion that was in the lungs. This was ritual that would be carried out faithfully every night just before bed. It was classed as one of the best old time remedies to ward off pneumonia.

Head colds:

It does not matter how far back in time you go, everyone dreads those stuffy head colds. The way back when remedy for this problem was rubbing the soles of the feet with camphor of mint if camphor was not around. The purpose for this was that it was suppose to pull the cold down through the body and out the feet.

Head lice:

It has been reported that years back that coal oil was one of the remedies for head lice. Needless to say, it was certainly not a safe method of treatment. However, back in the good old days sad to say there were many home treatments that one would most definitely not consider a safe remedies.

Boils:

Some have reported that one of the most favored remedies for treating a boil was to heat up a glass bottle that had a very narrow neck like a pop bottle. This was heated to get it warm enough but not so hot, that it would burn the skin. The opening of the heated bottle was place right over the boil and held until it cooled. It said that the bottle created suction and when the bottle was pulled away from the boil, it would put the core of the boil with it. This would allow all of the pus to drain from the boil and heal.

These are just but a few of the old time remedies for what ails a person. As to the question of whether they work or not it makes you wonder because many of these treatments were handed down from generation to generation.

Bronchitis – A Natural Remedy

We all know the traditional way to treat Bronchitis. Natural remedies are thought to be useless by many doctors. But their way is to use conventional medicine. In the case of bronchitis it would be an antibiotic. But antibiotics are not as highly though as they used to be. This is because it has become apparent that antibiotics not only kill off bad bacteria but is also kills off good bacteria. Strains of bacteria are becoming immune to antibiotics the exact reason for this is not known. This means we have to take many courses of antibiotics. Every time we do this we are putting pressure on our bodies.

The worst side effect of using antibiotics is the damage it does to our immune system. A healthy immune system is a strong immune system. It is the system that fights disease and illness. It is the system that protects our bodies from being invading by viruses and bacteria. This is exactly what happens to us when we get cold, flus and bronchitis. Natural products instead of endless antibiotics are the answer. There is one that has been discovered by a past sufferer of chronic bronchitis. His name is Richard Jones and he has made his product part of a system to help you combat bronchitis.

If you have endured course after course of antibiotics do not give up. You may be convinced there is no end in sight to your bronchitis. Natural remedies can help. In fact, you are going to be healthier than ever before. You need access to 'The Secret Formula'. These secrets are being made known to those who want it. It has worked for Richard Jones the medical researcher who compiled the formula. You can rest assured it is completely natural. You will not be subjected to taking any more expensive and damaging drugs that do not work long term.

Liquid Paraffin (mineral Oil) Allergy

Symptoms of a reaction to Mineral Oils: 

  • Watery spots develop under skin on hands or feet (for me).
  • The area becomes puffy, hot and itchy.
  • Three days later skin will become dry and start to flake.
  • New skin is revealed as the area recovers.

Cause:

  • Using products that contain Liquid Paraffin (mineral oil).  Such as shampoos, soaps, moisterizers, shaving foam, wax furniture polish, and ironically creams used to treat eczema.

What the doctor gave me:

  • The doctors never new what was causing the reaction, they took a skin sample (of the dry skin not the watery spots) and the results said there was nothing wrong with me.  A specialist later said it may be caused by stress.  I was 11 at the time so this seemed odd.  They gave me creams that made the problem worse (because they contain Liquid Paraffin) but being a child at the time I hadn’t any knowledge of mineral oils and allergies.
  • I eventually solved the problem myself when I used baby oil and had the same rash.  I read the ingredients on the back and realised it only had ”water” and ”liquid parafinum” (Liquid Paraffin).  Since there are only two ingredients this hugely helped to discover what was causing my reaction.

Cure: 

  • Don’t use products containing Liquid Paraffin, Paraffinum Liquidum, Mineral Oil, Parfum, Petrochemicals.
  • Replace those products with Organic alternatives.  I use products from the UK company ”Green People”.  There website can be found here:  http://www.greenpeople.co.uk/

Getting Back to Normal After a Hip Replacement

For almost two years I had trouble with my left hip. I first noticed it hurt to bend down to get the golf ball out of the hole. I found myself relying more and more on the opposite hip. Then the right one began to get sore as well. One day I had to kneel down on the green to pick the ball out of the hole and my friends commented on it. I finally decided to see my doctor. He ordered x-rays taken of both hips and informed me that my left hip should be replaced.

I had the operation and went home to recuperate. The physiotherapist explained to me how important it was to follow the exercise routine outlined in a pamphlet she gave me.

When you have a hip replacement it is imperative not to bend your hip joint more than ninety degrees. Otherwise the ball may jump out of the joint and you will need to go back to the hospital and have it reset. A dislocated hip is not a nice situation to be in. to get ready to use the toilet you should get a seat extender and to put on your socks and shoes you will need some help and you cannot bend the joint that far. Putting your pants on takes the use of a hand gripper. This gadget gives the ability to pick up things like under shorts, socks and anything that falls on the floor.

I found a wonderful gadget for pulling on my socks at a health gadget store. It is a simple flat piece of plastic with a length of tape attached. You simply place the sock on it, toss it on the floor and pull the sock on your foot. Simple and easy.

After a few weeks when your staples are out and the healing is well on the way you should be walking as often as you are able. Walking is great exercise and helps the body heal easily. Everything works when you walk. I always claim that it is the jiggling that gives all of the inner parts of our bodies a good workout. Just like a bowl of jelly.

One by one you will find you will give up the walker for the cane and then the cane itself.. Then you will be able to put on your own socks and pants without the gripper. You will gain confidence with unassisted walking.

What I found to be the slowest part of the recovery was sleeping on the side with the new hip. As I tried I kept the picture of the titanium ball joint stuck into the hip bone for some reason. I kept thinking it would come loose and I would be required to go back into the hospital to have it replaced. It has been seven months now since I had mine done and I am 95% convinced that it will stay together.

I wish you luck with your return to normal after having your hip replaced.

Hip Joint Replacement – Expectation and Limitations

Hip Joint Replacement is a surgery commonly performed in Orthopedic practice, wherein the hip joint is changed to a new modular bearing providing painless articulation.

The common indications of a Hip Replacement surgery are:

1. Hip Joint Arthritis- either degenerative or inflammatory pathology.

2. Fracture Neck Femur (upper end of thigh bone)

3. Malformed hip Joint- a disease of the childhood

4. Loss of blood supply (Avascular Necrosis)

The definite indication of Hip Replacement is – Painful hip joint with radiological evidence of obliteration of joint space. Only exclusion is Fracture Neck Femur; wherein a partial change of the bearing component may be performed.

Patients usually have a number of queries regarding;

a) Will the pain go?

b) How much time do I need to stay in Hospital; and how much time off work?

c) Do I need to come back again for a possible surgery?

d) What happens to the metal inside my body?

e) What precautions I need to take, and for how long?

I will try to offer explanations to every question one by one…

The foremost concern is PAIN.

After a hip replacement, the pain due to arthritis usually subsides in 4-6 weeks. Thereafter, there may be occasional reminders of pain after unaccustomed activity. If however, the pain re-appears after a prolonged pain free period; or the pain tends to worsen progressively, there is a definite cause for concern. This requires an urgent evaluation by the Orthopedic surgeon.

As regards hospital stay, the usual duration is 1 week. The timing of going back to previous level of activity depends upon the type of Hip replacement – Cemented/ Un-cemented; and the quality of bone stock. Usually patients may resume office and sedentary work after 4-6 weeks.

The typical longevity of a Hip replacement depends upon- quality of bone/ level of physical activity/ Age/ body weight/ technique of surgery. Most hip replacements survive an average of 15-20 years. However, a large number of variables affecting longevity prevents accurate survival analysis.

The metal typically used in a Hip Replacement is non – reacting to body fluids. It may be Stainless Steel/ Titanium alloy, Cobalt – chrome alloy. The bearing surface is important factor in survival. Ceramic-on Ceramic and Metal-on Metal the the favored ones in current practice.

The most important of all, are the precautions to be taken by the patient himself. Dislocation of the new joint is a potential risk. extremes of movements should be avoided under all circumstances.

To summarize, it is important to understand the advantages/ limitations of a Hip replacement and to expect a reasonable goal before undergoing surgery. In a properly selected patient, it offers significant improvement in the quality of life and activity level.

The discussion on the relative performance of different bearing surfaces in hip replacement, will be discussed in subsequent posts.

Hemorrhoids Itching – Causes and Relief From Itchy Hemorrhoids

 Hemorrhoids itching need to be treated and remedied immediately. However, before you start it is important to know the causes and treatments of hemorrhoids itching. Why do hemorrhoids itch and how can you stop it? Here are some useful information that guarantee to help you: 

Causes of Hemorrhoids Itching 

  • Internal hemorrhoids irritate the mucus membrane that lines the anal canal, making it secrete more mucus to lubricate the region. After which, mucus escapes the anal sphincter and moistens the anus and the skin around it. It dries up and irritates the skin around the area causing itching.
  • Another major cause of hemorrhoids itching is the pressure exerted by the inflamed internal hemorrhoids in the surrounding blood vessels. As more and more blood flow through the blood vessels, the hemorrhoids also grow bigger. The swelling of the hemorrhoids cause itching accompanied with a burning sensation.
  • When it comes to external hemorrhoids, the major cause of hemorrhoids itching is irritation that occurs around the anal region. External hemorrhoids are prone to infection and irritation especially if one fails to take care of it. Fecal matter and substances used to clean the anus like soap can irritate the hemorrhoids and cause itching.

Treatment for Hemorrhoids Itching

  • Anti-itch diet

The best thing to prevent itching is by eating the right food. An anti-itch diet can help you deal with the itching by lowering the acid ph balance of your stools. The diet includes avoiding soda or caffeinated beverages and alcoholic drinks like beer and wine. In addition, drink plenty of water and fruit juices rich in vitamin C. It would also help to eat fruits and vegetables that can help soften stool. 

  • Sitz baths

Immediate relief from hemorrhoids itching can be provided by frequent sitz baths using warm, plain water. Soaking the affected area for 15 minutes two to five times a day can wash away remaining fecal matter and provide relief from the pain and itch. You can perform your sitz bath in a bathtub or a special basin. 

  • Anti-itch creams

There are hemorrhoidal creams and ointments which can remedy itching. It is advisable to use one with 1% hydrocortisone or with witch hazel extracts. In addition, you have to read the labels and instructions carefully before applying any cream on the affected area.

  • Homeopathic Medications

There are different homeopathic medications that can help you prevent and relieve yourself from the itch. Nux Vomica is often used for itching, painful hemorrhoids, and chronic constipation. Another is Paeonia Officinalis or peony which can relieve anal itching and burning sensation after elimination of waste. Pulsatilla and sulphur are also commonly used in treating itchy hemorrhoids. 

Hemorrhoids itching are one of the symptoms of hemorrhoids that must be remedied before they get worse. The treatments listed above can help you relieve yourself from this uncomfortable itch and prevent hemorrhoids. Go for an anti-itch diet, have a sitz bath, use anti-itch creams or ointments, and consult your doctor about homeopathic remedies.

Top rated Hemorrhoids Treatment Products

Natural Alternative Options

Treatment of Fractures on a Hike in South Africa

Head Fractures

Very dangerous and mostly fatal. Classic signs would be bruises behind the ears or around the eyes, and fluid coming from the ears and nose. This is serious because the brain tissue would be damaged and will swell as the body tries to bring extra blood up to the brain.

Therefore never raise the patients legs as this would increase the blood flow to the brain and cause even more swelling and eventually death. Never stop the fluid from trying to escape out of the ears and nose, as this is the body’s way of trying to reduce the swelling of the brain. Try to keep the patient awake and get help ASAP.

Rib Fractures

Fractured ribs could puncture the lungs and cause difficulty and even death. The only thing you can really do is try to sit the patient up or in a comfortable position and put a jacket or blanket under his arms to “pillow splint” his ribs and make breathing easier. Also raise his legs to counteract shock.

Get help ASAP. You might have to do mouth to mouth if he stops breathing.

Pelvic Fractures

The patient can lose up to 2 – 3 Litres of blood internally, and considering that you only have about 6 Litres in the body, this is very serious and life-threatening. Other complications include a ruptured bladder, and you will find that the patient automatically urinates when the patient has fallen, on impact.

The only thing you could really do to make him comfortable is to put a blanket or something under his knees, as this takes the weight and pressure off the pelvic bones. Do not allow the patient to urinate as a full bladder (if he has one and it is still intact) will act as an internal splint and keeps the pelvic bones together.

If he does urinate, the pelvic bones have more space to move and can cause more damage.

Arm Fractures

Three things to always remember with broken bones is:

a) they can severe or squash nerves and cause paralysis.

b) they can severe or squash blood vessels(arteries) and cause death of tissue resulting in amputation in hospital.

c) bones make blood in their marrow, and when broken, blood will leak out of the bone and therefore cause internal bleeding.

Use the body’s torso as a splint. Let the patient hold his arm against him and make sure he elevates the forearm. You can take the bottom the his jersey or jacket and fold it over his arm to keep the arm against his body. Or you can use a triangular bandage and make a sling for the arm.

Please do not forget to check for a pulse in his wrist and to test for sensation by scratching his palm. If you have no pulse, please get help ASAP.

And perhaps you could try to ever so slightly pull traction on the arm to try and free the artery, although this is not really suggested as it could cause more damage and of cause is very painful. No win situation there.

Leg Fractures

The same 3 points as above apply. Check for a foot pulse and sensation on top of the foot. Never scratch underneath the foot as this might tickle the patient and cause more damage as the patient pulls his leg back.

Try to find three fairly sturdy straight branches and splint the leg by putting one splint underneath the leg for support and the other two on the inside and outside of the leg. Tie the splints together with cloth or triangular bandages at all 4 joints of the leg, i.e. at the top, above and below the knee and at the ankle.

Always use branches that are the full length of the leg irrespective of where the fracture is. If you can only find one branch, put it underneath the fractured leg and then tie both legs together. Always raise the legs once splinted as this will slow down bleeding and treat for shock. If you see that a bone is protruding, never try to push it back, just make a ring bandage and put it around the bone, then bandage the wound.

Don’t forget to recheck for a foot pulse once you have splinted, in case you have tied the bandages too tight and inhibited blood flow. If you have no foot pulse, once again try to pull slight traction on the leg to free the trapped artery. Also remember that when you are splinting a leg, you should try to support it by putting one hand under the ankle and the other under the knee, and if you have someone else with you, they should put the triangular bandages underneath the leg at the 4 joints before you put the branches under the leg.

Functional Restoration – What Is It and How Does It Work?

Functional restoration involves administering electrical impulses throughout the body. This is done with a Functional Restoration Machine ( FRM). The process can be administered by a patient in the home setting, outside a clinic. Most patients seek the advice and treatment of a functional restorationist who has been trained and certifed by the American College of Physical Medicine.

The functional restorationist first finds areas, points, in the body that are most conductive to electricity. This is done by the use of electrical currents that are administered in the most painful areas. The actual points located are unlike surrounding points which are electrically resistant. In most cases the conductive points also respond to palpation and are physically the most sensitive. This information is ascertained through the use of a clinical functional restoration unit. The clinician uses these points and also instructs the patient when a home unit is needed on how to find the points.

A supervised exercise program is begun and the patient is expected to work at maximum effort performing the exercises correctly. Often this is done in a clinic but can also be completed over the internet with a video/phone connection. The exercises are done for minimal time, generally 7 – 14 minutes. Upon completion of the first set of exercises the functional restoration machine is placed on the patient and a second round of exercises is done.

The second round is the first round exercises duplicated, but with the functional restoration machine on during the exercises. It is the second round that the relief begins. Generally 5 – 14 sessions is all that is needed for complete relief. Most of the exercises and functional stimulation are done in the office, and later a functional restoration machine is leased for home use.

The initial process decreases the pain between 70 to 100%. For some patients a monthly tune up period is needed for about 20 minutes to maintain the electrical balances.

Another protocol developing for RSD and fibromyalgia patients is to create what is deemed a “vector current” in the patient’s body. The FRM has two channels, or two places where electricity exits the machine, goes into the body, and travels to the other electrode to go back to the FRM. The path between the two electrodes is the path electrons travel and adjust the chemical constituents of the body.

For RSD and Fibro patients the electrodes are placed on the bottom of the feet, and on the hands. The current then travels through the body and at the midsection the “cross currents” create what is called a “vector”. Vectoring is nothing more than two currents summating their energy at a given area. It is this flow of electrons and summation that is providing systemic relief to the RSD and fibromyalgia patient.

Much more study is needed to establish that the chemical alteration of physiological processes by electricity may be the “Holy Grail” that allows the treatment and prevention of debilitating diseases heretofore not successfully treated.

Psoriasis – Understanding the Most Wide Spread Chronic Dermatitis

Psoriasis as a word derived from the Greek word “psora” – “itch”.

Psoriasis is the most wide spread chronic dermatitis. According to statistics, about 2-3% of the total population of the Earth has psoriasis – approximately 120 – 180 million people! For instance: Canada – about 1 million people, Great Britain – 1 million, Scandinavian countries – 2 million people, France – 2 million people and the U.S.A. – 7 million people.

There are countries, where psoriasis is encountered less frequently – for example Japan, China – less than 1% of the population.

Psoriasis is also more frequently recorded in locations of a moderate and cold climate and it is relatively less frequent in the tropical countries.

In rural areas the frequency of psoriasis is usually 3-4 times less frequent than in the urban areas.

Psoriasis appears on skin as inflamed lesions, peeling and scales. The scales can be easily removed, and beneath them there lays an yet denser scale. In addition to the skin psoriasis may as well strike the nails and joints.

The average cycle of shedding of normal skin cells occurs approximately in 4 weeks, with psoriasis this process takes only 4-5 days. The course of psoriasis usually has a sharply expressed seasonality. Psoriasis can be located in any sections of the skin, but predominantly the plaques are located symmetrically on the knees and elbows, on scalp and on the skin of the rest of the body.

Psoriasis is a chronic condition, which stays with a person for their whole life, and is accompanied by the variation of flare-ups and remissions. Psoriasis is a non-contagious disease.

Psoriasis develops due to many factors, with the prevailing importance of genetic factors.

Psoriasis is not fatal, but it causes loads of problems for the sufferer. Psoriasis may bring serious complications; it causes commonplace inconveniences, which start dominating the life and the thoughts of a person and affect the quality of life. Usually these are cosmetic, which limit the choice of the selection of hair-do, outfit, and the behavior. People with psoriasis often experience inferiority complexes. Being bothered by their appearance, they may become “people in a box”: seldom in public, wear maximally closed outfits etc.

Countless famous people, including Ben Franklin, Henry Ford, Joseph Stalin and many others had psoriasis. In the 1930’s, Winston Churchill, who as well had psoriasis for many years, proposed a golden monument for the person, who cures this disease.

Living With Cerebral Palsy

The seventh of our series of ten articles on cerebral palsy (CP) looks at the nature and range of challenges that people with CP face on a daily basis. Understanding these challenges enables the reader to appreciate the handicapping effects of CP, and how to limit such effects to a minimum.

We mentioned in previous articles that management strategies such as therapy and surgery, and the various tools effectively help people with CP move about and communicate. Useful as these may be, environmental factors are as important as the willpower of the individual in determining whether one can indeed be a fully contributing member of society in one's adult life.

One such environmental factor is access. While availability to public amenities, education, employment and recreation seem like givens to able-bodied people, such access can never be taken for granted for people with disabilities, and in particular for people with CP. Leading an independent life can prove rather challenging if a person with CP has to climb flights of stairs or balance carefully on escalators while in public buildings.

Going to the washroom can be a hassle if one enters, only to discover that the cubicles are too small to fit one's wheelchair. The daily commute may burn a hole in one's pocket if the public transport infrastructure does not cater to the needs of people with physical abilities; taxis are generally a much more expensive alternative form of commuting to and from work.

Besides access to infrastructure, people with CP (like any other person) need access to education, and consequently to employment. Particularly in developing countries, such opportunities are mostly limited to able-bodied people; legislation, if present, is not effectively enforced.

Beyond access to "hardware" such as infrastructure and employment, access to society's "software" is very much an interactive process between people with disabilities and able-bodied people. Indeed there is a need for a paradigm shift: people have the same basic needs, whether they have disabilities or not. Besides the right to food, shelter and work, people with disabilities have a right to form lasting friendships, and in general belong to the human race.

For example, it is impolite for someone to walk away from another because one can not understand what the other is trying to say, regardless whether one has a disability or not. Worse, it is unacceptable behaviour to mimic the movements of someone with CP, as are negative labels as '' retard "or" spastic ", or" subnormal ". Prejudice and teasing can be very damaging to children and adults alike. It is a matter of personal and social responsibility to preserve and uphold an environment of genuine respect for all people.

While much can be done to create an environment supportive of people with CP, it is also the up to individuals to discover and realise the potential in themselves. In the formative years, children with CP should be nurtured in an environment that fosters a healthy self-esteem and promotes self-sufficiency, rather than an over-protective approach that promotes over-dependency. This is beneficial in the long term, where a person with CP will require a positive self-image in order to cope with any negative experiences in adult life. Opportunities for people with CP to learn and grow, even well into adulthood, also provide them valuable experiences to interact with others, and make new friendships.

Besides a positive attitude that helps to maintain good mental health, people with CP, like any other person, should be encouraged to eat well and exercise regularly to maintain good physical health. Information on nutritious, high-fibre, low-fat diets, as well as activities to improve one's cardiovascular fitness, flexibility and motion, is more readily available to people today due to the advances of modern technology such as the Internet. People with CP have the opportunity to avail themselves to such information, and make meaningful choices that will enhance their lifestyles.

CP is not a life-threatening condition and people with CP are able to have a decent education, satisfying careers, become parents, and lead long and productive lives. While some limitations are unavoidable, these pale in significance to the support that is rendered by society, and the self-belief of the individual with CP.

What is a Spinal Cord Injury?

A spinal cord injury can occur as a result of several different causes – automobile accidents, high intensity impact (as could be common in a sports injury), falls, physical abuse or any kind of trauma could potentially cause a spinal cord injury. In some instances the impact need not even be all that severe if the pressure of it is pointed at precisely the right spot.

Injuries to the disease are often broken down into one of two classifications – they are either complete injuries or incomplete spinal injuries. The more severe of the two classifications is the 'complete' injury.

Contrary to popular belief, in a complete spinal cord injury that'is rarely broken or severed – in fact a severed desease almost never occurs. The victim of a complete lesion will have lost both feeling and motor function from the point of the injury down through the rest of the body – so if the complete part of the spine was to occur at the base of the neck, the person would lose the use of and feeling in everything below the neck. Though recovery from what were considered complete spinal cord injuries has occurred, it is extremely unlikely – less than five percent of complete spinal cord injury sufferers will have any recovery from their injuries.

The classification of incomplete lesion can be broken down further into more subcategories. An injury occurring to or affecting the front of the disease is referred to as anterior lesion; an injury occurring to or affecting the middle (gray area) of the spinal cord is referred to as Central Cord Syndrome and an injury that affects only one side of the spinal cord is referred to as Brown-Sequard Syndrome.

Paralysis is often the most common result of any lesion, but in the case of an incomplete spinal cord injury – the paralysis is only temporary. Sometimes the initial impact or injury is not the only telling factor in whether or not a spinal cord injury is complete or incomplete, in many cases the secondary wave of effects is a large determining factor in the possibility of recovery. Swelling or inflammation can result at and around the actual site of the injury and can severely intensify the already present symptoms or add more symptoms than were already present. There is a chance that the secondary symptoms will subside as well and allow for partial or total recovery depending upon the severity of the initial injury.

Even in an incomplete lesion, the person suffering the injury may not fully recover from all of the symptoms that were first experienced. Remember that the area of ​​the injury, and any point below may be affected – so a spinal cord injury occurring just at the base of the neck could affect feeling and usage of the arms, the legs, the thorax, the bowels and bladder and the sexual organs.

Scientists are continually focusing great effort on studies to help them fully understand all types of spinal cord injuries in an effort to be able to quickly diagnose and properly treat any and all types of spinal injuries as well a develop new techniques that may lessen the burden felt by sufferers of spinal cord injuries.

Possible hopes for the future which are currently being explored include electronic stimulation devices and the potential for damaged cell replacement for reversing some of the affects of spinal cord injuries. Though facts and figures of the validity of these courses of treatment are not quite yet available, scientist remain optimistic that diagnosis and treatment will continue to get better and better as technological advancements continue to be made.

Beri Beri – It’s Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Beri Beri?

Beriberi is a vitamin deficiency disease in which the body does not have enough thiamine (vitamin B1). Beriberi literally means “I can’t, I can’t” in Singhalese, which reflects the crippling effect it has on its victims. Thiamine serves as a coenzyme in the chemical pathway responsible for the metabolism of carbohydrates. Persons may become deficient in thiamine either by not ingesting enough vitamin B-1 through the diet or by excess use, which may occur in hyperthyroidism, pregnancy, lactation, or fever. Prolonged diarrhea may impair the body’s ability to absorb vitamin B-1, and severe liver disease impairs its use. Swelling of bodily tissues ( edema ) is common.

Causes of beriberi are:

Not many vitamin-deficiency disorders occur in the U.S. any more. For all the faults in the American diet, most people escape such disorders as scurvy, rickets and beriberi. Beriberi is the disorder caused by a lack of thiamine or Vitamin B1, in the diet. This vitamin helps convert carbohydrates into energy and aids in heart, muscle and nervous function.

Beriberi has probably been around for millennia, but has only been given a name in the past few hundred years. The name is Sinhalese for “I cannot, I cannot,” probably referring to the fatigue and lassitude often experienced by those with the disorder. Two Dutch physicians, Bontius and Nicolaas Tulp, wrote the first clinical descriptions of the disease in 1642. However, it was 200 or more years later that the disorder was recognized as related to diet.

Symptoms of Beriberi:

Early features:
Fatigue and apathy
Irritability
Drowsiness, depression poor concentration
Anorexia, nausea, vomiting, abdominal pain

Later features:

Paraesthesia, peripheral neuropathy, depressed tendon reflexes, loss of vibration sense
Tender leg muscles and muscle cramps
Congestive heart failure with dyspnoea, orthopnoea and oedema

Some other symptoms of beriberi are:

Appetite loss
Tiredness
Irritability
Muscle aches
Limb pains
Swollen joints
Hand paralysis
Foot paralysis
Heart problems

Treatment of beri beri:

Medical Care: Monitor patients with cardiac failure in an intensive care unit. Because beriberi often presents with other B-complex deficiencies, administer all other vitamins of the B complex.

Consultations:

Cardiologic evaluation with 2-dimensional echocardiography is necessary.
Essential for diagnosis and management of beriberi

Documents congestive heart failure (CHF) and the poor ventricular function observed in beriberi

Neurologic and psychiatric consultations are often necessary.

Diet: Patients with lethargy, confusion, and severe heart failure need to fast to prevent aspiration.

Treatment is also with thiamine hydrochloride either in tablet form or injection. A rapid and dramatic recovery within hours can be made when this is administered to patients with beriberi, and their health can be transformed within an hour of administration of the treatment. Thiamine occurs naturally in unrefined cereals and fresh foods, particularly fresh meat, legumes green vegetables , fruit, and milk.

I Am Having A Cold – Can I Do Something About It?

A cold is an infection of the airways, especially the throat, nose and sinuses. Most colds are accompanied by a runny nose, cough, sore throat and a headache. It can cause a runny and stuffy nose and a sore throat. A cold can sometimes hold on for a few weeks. There are no medicines to prevent it. However, there are several products available from chemists and pharmacies for getting rid of this disease faster.

If you have a chronic cold, it may indicate a reduced resistance, an allergy or an asthmatic condition. When there are other symptoms, such as a persistent fever of 5 days or longer, it is better to ask a doctor for advice.

What causes colds?

Colds are caused by a virus and are highly infectious. The cold virus can be transmitted through the air (coughing, sneezing) or by skin contact (shaking hands, kissing). It is easily transmitted in places where many people are close together and where the fresh air is limited. Think of a crowded train or bus or a well-stocked classroom.

The period from infection until the first symptoms arises from 2 to 3 days. Colds often start with a sore throat. This is usually followed by sneezing, coughing, headache and runny nose.

But what exactly happens inside your body? A cold virus causes inflammation of the mucosa, causing a decrease of the protective effect of the membrane. The inflamed mucous membrane swells and produces a lot of mucus. This will cause a stuffy and runny nose. Because the inflammation irritates the mucous membrane, it causes tickling. This will result in a sneeze in the nose and a cough in the throat. A sore throat can be caused by an inflammation of the throat and hoarseness by mucosal inflammation of the vocal cords.

Especially if your resistance is low, the cold virus can easily get a hold over you. Because the resistance of small children is not yet fully developed, they have more colds than adults. Also, elderly and sick people have more colds due to a low resistance. You can get a better resistance from:

• No smoking

• Move a lot

• Healthy eating and drinking

• Go out every day

What are the symptoms?

Cold symptoms include: a stuffy or runny nose, watery eyes, Coughing, a sore throat, headache and a loss of smell and taste. Adults have colds from 2 to 5 times a year and children have colds from 6 to 10 times a year. The symptoms usually occur 2-3 days after infection with the cold virus. A cold is not the same as the flu. If you have a cold you may feel feverish, but a real flu often begins suddenly and has more symptoms such as chills, fever and muscle aches.

Treatment of colds

There are no medicines to prevent a cold. Also, you don’t have to go to the doctor for a cold. This is only required if a cold has other symptoms such as:

• drowsiness

• wheezing

• shortness of breath

• long lasting fever (longer than five days) or recurrent fever.

Do you have a cold right now? Don’t worry; it will probably go away in a few days.