What is the Best Test For H Pylori?

There are several different tests for H pylori infection. Each test has relative merits and drawbacks both in terms of cost and convenience for the patient.

# 1 Urea Breath Test

Patients blow into a bag and the air is analyzed for gases that are produced when H. pylori is living in the gut. This test is non-invasive and is easy to perform but recent research has questioned its accuracy, especially in low -level infections. Without medical insurance in the US,
expect to pay up to $ 1000.

# 2 Blood Test

A blood sample is taken and analyzed for antibodies to H pylori. This test is looking for your body's reaction to the infection, not the H. pylori organism per se. Although it can be useful as an initial test, it is completely useless for re-testing after treatment because antibody levels to H pylori may remain elevated for many months or even years after the infection has gone. Having a blood draw is also very stressful for some people.

# 3 Endoscopy / Biopsy

A tube is inserted into the patient's mouth and passed down the throat into the stomach. A camera is used to identify inflammation, ulcers and hernias. A biopsy may be taken from the stomach tissue and analyzed for H. pylori. Its main advantages are that it can detect physical damage to the stomach such as gastritis and ulcers. It can also detect hiatus hernias. Its disadvantages are that it is stressful, unpleasant and requires a clinic visit. Some clinics charge up to $ 5000 for this test.

# 4 Stool Antigen Test

A stool sample is taken and analyzed for H. pylori antigens (fragments of the cell wall of the bacteria.) These tests are very accurate although some doctors do not know they exist. stool samples are not taken. It should be noted that stool tests and breath tests are the most convenient for re-testing after treatment but medical guidelines state that a minimum of 4 weeks should pass after completion of treatment before re-testing is performed.

The main disadvantage with all medical tests for H pylori is that they only take into account the H pylori bacteria itself. The problem with this approach is that other digestive infections such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia, Blastocystis and threadworm can all cause the same symptoms as H pylori. Common foods can also create the same symptoms as H pylori. Some private labs have recently employed cutting edge technologies that enable a single stool sample to be analyzed for the DNA of more than 25 potentially harmful bacteria, fungi and parasites.

This saves time and money on separate testing and ensures accurate diagnosis and treatment so that symptoms can be addressed quickly. These tests can also be performed at home, which makes them very convenient. They are also extremely affordable – you can expect to pay $ 230- $ 470 (£ 139- £ 272) for a test that checks for more than 25 different parasites, bacteria
and other pathogens.

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Heart Disease Causes – Reverse the Effects of Heart Disease Naturally!

Heart disease causes are many and varied. Among the most common are those caused by lifestyle changes that can be easily managed, such as eating a healthy diet and exercising, managing your weight so that it stays within the healthy range, and keeping up on family risk factors for heart disease, so the need to work with your doctor to minimize or even eliminate them.

Heart defects:

Heart defects, for example, usually develop while the baby is still in utero, and are usually structural imperfections that may or may not be able to be fixed with surgery, or managed with medication.

Cardiomyopathy:

Cardiomyopathy is a very common type of heart disorder where the heart muscle thickens or enlarges. There are three major types. Dilated cardiomyopathy is the most common type, and with this type of cardiomyopathy, the left ventricle, which is the main pumping chamber, becomes enlarged so much that its pumping ability is compromised and blood flow is also minimized.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy occurs when the heart muscle grows or thickens abnormally, again mostly within the main pumping chamber, the left ventricle. As the heart thickens, it tends to get stiffer, such that pumping is less effective, and the chamber itself shrinks. This reduces the heart's ability to pump blood effectively through the body.

With restrictive cardiomyopathy, the heart itself simply becomes less elastic, which means that it does not expand properly and fill with blood between beats. This is the least common type of cardiomyopathy and often occurs for no apparent reason.

Infections and viruses:

Heart infections can cause heart disease, such as myocarditis, endocarditis, and pericarditis. In these cases, bacteria or viruses enter the bloodstream and can cause damage. With endocarditis particularly, poor oral health could have caused cause because you brush your teeth, bacteria can enter your blood stream through infected gums. Bacteria that cause Lyme disease can also bring on myocarditis.

Viruses, too, can cause heart infections, such as those cause cause influenza, mononucleosis, measles, and the human parvovirus. In addition, sexually transmitted diseases can also travel to the heart muscle and cause infection there.

Parasites:

Parasites can be another cause of heart disease, such as toxoplasma.

Therapeutic interventions:

Certain therapeutic interventions for other diseases like cancer may also damage the heart, such as radiation treatment or certain chemotherapy drugs.

Allergic or toxic reactions:

Medications and drugs can cause allergic or toxic reactions that can damage the heart. Antibiotics like penicillin and illegal drugs like cocaine can also damage the heart; especially with the administration of needle-based illic drugs like heroin, infection can also be introduced to the heart via this mechanism.

Autoimmune disorders:

Finally, there are certain autoimmune disorders that can cause heart disease, like lupus or Wegener's granulomatosis.

Fortunately, the vast majority of heart disease causes can be entirely managed by managing your own lifestyles of the East and stay as healthy and fit as possible. Although these aforementioned heart disease causes certainly do exist, by far the most common reason for heart disease is the presence of lifestyle factors like obesity, lack of exercise, diabetes caused by poor diet and lifestyle, high blood pressure, and so on.

For most other heart disease causes, the conditions can at least be managed with medication and lifestyle changes, if not cured, through interventions like surgery to correct congenital defects.

Cardiac Diet

Cardiac diets are extensively used and prescribed in most hospitals for patients with heart disease, hypertension, myocardial infarction, hyperlipidemia, and dyslipidemia. A cardiac diet may be used as a part of a health regimen to either treat or prevent cardiovascular disease. It will typicallyconsist of foods that are classified as healthy because of their overwhelming nutritional advantages.

A cardiac diet will basically aim to increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, and fiber while lowering the consumption of fats and sodium which have both been prominently associated with the development of heart disease. This health plan is often adjusted in the long-term based on the goals of the diet or the patient's diagnosis. After a patient has been treated using this diet recommendation he or she will normally be referred to a dietician who will help him or her to maintain this diet.

Usually a cardiac or "heart healthy" diet as it has been called may be administered with the objective of restricting the intake of fat, cholesterol, sodium, and sometimes caffeine. In most instances, it will follow the guidelines of the National Cholesterol Education Program which has issued the following recommendations:

Fiber 20-30 grams per day.

Trans fat "kept at a low intake."

Carbohydrates 50-60% of daily calories.

Total fat 25-35% of daily calories.

Saturated fat less than 7% of daily calories.

Monounsaturated fats up to 20% of daily calories.

Polyunsaturated fats up to 10% of daily calories.

Cholesterol less than 200 milligrams per day.

Dietary fats, especially saturated and trans fats, may actually contribute to elevating an individual's overall cholesterol levels, low-density lipoproteins (LDL), and triglycerides which can encourage the development and accumulation of plaque within the blood vessel walls. This build-up of plaque will extremely lead to a decrease in the size of the blood vessel lumen. Saturated fats are predominately found in animal products. This kind of fat has been linked to an increase of low-density lipoprotein levels (LDL), which are strongly associated with a heightened risk of heart disease. Unsaturated fats differ from saturated fats because they have double bonds. They can be substituted in place of saturated fats and are preferred because they help lessen the LDL levels. Cardiac diets are also low sodium diets. Sodium has been found to increase blood pressure, and has an additional negative effect on the diuretic properties of certain medicines. Sodium is generally restricted to 2,000-4,000 mg per day, in relation to the patients diagnosis and medical regimen. Many cardiac diets do not only restrict sodium and fats but also caffeine. This is enacted because caffeine is a stimulant and may affect the deteriorated condition of the heart.

Basically a cardiac diet observers both the advantages of restricting certain types of foods as well as improving the consumption of healthy foods and nutrients.

Every Heart Attack is Preventable!

Cardiovascular Disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide and the magnitude of this is stunning!

Death as a result of heart attack, stroke, and pulmonary embolism soundly eclipses every other cause of death in our society today.

The total of all cancer deaths added to all the deaths from AIDS still only totals approximately half of the deaths from CVD. What is even more disturbing in addition to the statistics of this disease is that we are doing this to ourselves and it is totally preventable!

This fact, although a powerful indication and indictment of the culture we live in today, can also be taken as a point of encouragement. Heart and vascular diseases today are almost always exclusively a result of what we are doing with ourselves and what we choose to put into our mouths and our bodies. These 'controllable' factors, factors that you yourself choose, and that lead to vascular plaques and blockages far outweigh any 'uncontrollable' factors, such as genetic predisposition to CVD. Numerous recent studies in the most reputable scientific journals echo this fact.

It comes down to the way we eat and live damages our arteries, leading to CVD and death. This disease is largely self-induced and is preventable. Appreciating and addressing the links between what we do with our bodies and the processes of disease is non-negotiable for successfully preventing illness.

The responsibility of education and instruction in prevention is not only the responsibility of your doctors, it is each individuals responsibility to learn the facts and implement changes to diet, nutrition, fitness and overall life style to prevent this disease from occurring.

by Mary Wozny

Obesity and Sexual Health

When talking about obesity, experts and armchair experts alike focus on the major diseases bought on by obesity and the surface issues of beauty and belonging. There's a lot of discussion and information out there about diabetes, heart disease, and other issues related to obesity. But what about sexual health? Should not that conversation be happening, too? We think so. So, let's talk about obesity, sexual health, and what people need to know.

Obesity and Sexual Health: What Are the Risk Factors?

Many men suffering from obesity may also find themselves dealing with a diagnosed medical sexual dysfunction or a psychological issue with having sex. That's not to say that all obese men have these problems; however, obesity certainly increases their risk.

Sex Stoppers: Medical

Men who have diseases such as high cholesterol, hypertension, heart disease, stroke, and diabetes often have difficulty maintaining an erection. In fact, men who have diabetes are 50 percent more likely to have erectile dysfunction (ED) than other men. Obesity contributions to excess narrowing and hardening of the blood flow, which makes it more difficult to swirl around a larger body and down to the penis with the vigor that causes the erection.

These diseases all contribute in some way to the prevention of either getting an inspection or maintaining it. They damage the inner linings of the blood vessels of the penis, which then causes a restriction in blood flow due to lack of dilation.

Obesity can also happen as the result of, and also reduce, the amount of testosterone in the body (it's the original double-edged sword here). Testosterone starts taking a dip in men between ages 40 and 50. Testosterone starts the whole erection problem off and without it, or with less of it, drive diminishes.

Finally, the inevitable cause: age. With age, sexual stamina decreases. The entire body ages, so it's natural that a man who was used to producing an erection four times in one day in his 20s may only have the urge or ability three times a week in his 60s.

S ex Stoppers: Psychological

Often overlooked, psychological reasons can cause huge waves in a man's sexual health. Of course, issues such as depression and anxiety can physically manifest as ED. However, there are much more nefidential effects than ED.

An obese man may be able to produce and maintain an erection without trouble, but that does not need to mean he is not having sexual problems. Poor self-image is another reason an obese man may shy away from intimate with a partner. Potential rejection, fear of another person's unkind judgment, or a demoralizing sense of self can also lead an obese man to ignore his sexual health.

An Easy Reversal

Thankfully, research has shown that 95 percent of erectile dysfunction can be easily treated. First and foremost, a man must address the root cause of his problem, be that medical or mental. After that, he needs to take doctor recommendations and also make lifestyle changes.

Things like adopting a healthy diet, brining more movement into each day, getting adequate sleep, and not smoking are all critical parts of reversing sexual dysfunction. Doctors also say that a weight reduction of as little as ten percent within a two-month period will vastly improve the issue.

Mental health interventions such as therapy and medication may also be part of a treatment plan.

While making these changes, give the penis a little extra care. Use an expressly formulated penis health creme (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which has been clinically proven safe and mild for skin) to strengthen and protect the penis. Look for crèmes that list L-carnitine as an ingredient, as it is a science-backed guardian against peripheral nerve damage. Find a cream with vitamins A and C to ward off bacteria that can result from sweating, and to boost collagen production while fighting against agents of premature aging.

Night Sweats Causes – The 3 Most Common Causes of Night Sweats

"Night sweats" refers to the physiological phenomenon of sweating in your sleep. Of course, it is natural to sweat when you are sleeping, but the term reflects to excessive amount sweat. After all, your body is at rest, and you are using air conditioning or fans, so what is up with the unwarranted sweat? Though it is not harmful to the body, it can stain your sheets, and also cause a stink when bacteria have the time to digest your sweat. So what are the most common causes for night sweats?

The first amongst night sweats causes is dreaming. Dreams are powerful things, and they can cause physiological reactions as if they were real. It is entirely possible to sweat as a result of dreams. If you experience some nightmare, a rip-roaring adventure, or a sexually-charged fantasy, your body can experience the same symptoms as you would if it were real. Your heart pumps faster, your breath gets fast and short, and your body sweats to compensate for the heat produced from energy production in preparation for possible succeeding physical physical activity. You might say "But I do not dream a lot (or at all)!" You would be wrong. Everyone dreams, and most of us can have a dozen or more dreams overnight. It is just that we forget most if not all of them upon waking.

The second among night sweats causes is the transition into menopause. Of course, this does not apply to men. For women, the hormonal changes that occur during the menopause transition phase can produce intents periods of feelings of heat, which results in the activation of the sweat glands. This is hormonal, and will pass as the transition is completed.

Lastly, night sweats are caused by infections and fevers. You may experience quick fevers that pass in the morning, or you may have some disease that causes you to sweat when you are sleep. Common diseases that cause these are: tuberculosis, HIV infection, endocarditis or inflammation of the valves of the heart, some cancers, obstructive sleep apnea, urinary tract infection, hypoglycemia, and head injuries. In these cases, paying a visit to your doctor may shed some light on your problem.

So there you have it. The three most common night sweats causes, in no particular order, are dreams, menopause, and long-term illnesses. Each can be approached and dealt with in different ways, so there is hope for everyone.

10 Ways to Improve Logical Critical Thinking and Reasoning

If you’ve ever wondered how to make your brain work harder for you, and how to improve logical critical thinking and reasoning, then this is for you.

Science writer, Rhodes scholar and two-time author Jonah Lehrer has come up with some unexpected ways you can help your brain stay fit and sharp. As an organ like any other in our body, it makes sense that exercise might be helpful.

There are, according to Lehrer, ten principles of better thinking you can apply to your own life to improve your own mind.

1. Tap your emotions – don’t avoid what they tell you, but listen and act accordingly where possible. These feelings are coming from someplace, brought on by facts outside of your conscious awareness.

2. Trust your instincts – once you’ve developed a skill, the time invested has given you reliable instincts, so instincts to can often be trusted.

3. Consider alternatives – the brain naturally filters the world to confirm what it believes, stop and consider just the opposite.

4. Know what you like – don’t be fooled by price tags or popularity, decide for yourself what’s for you, and what isn’t.

5. Take long showers – research shows that insight always arrives at the precise moment you’re not attending to the problem, most likely because our minds tune in better when free of stress.

6. Suspect your memory – the act of recalling an event changes the structure of the event, so the more you think about it, the less accurate your recollection can become.

7. Don’t overdo – the prefrontal cortex, responsible for willpower and thinking is easily depleted according to studies. You can do lots of things, just not all at the very same time. So, multitasking is not effective.

8. Learn from mistakes – successful people pay attention to their fumbles, as well as constantly looking for what they could improve upon – vital to learning.

9. Daydream – this is an incredibly important tool for creativity, causing a rush of action in an area known as the default network that allows the mind to make new associations. Daydreaming actually puts your brain into overdrive.

10. Think about thinking – introspection may well be the key to good judgment, at least the equal of intelligence and experience.

A unique list to be sure, but worthwhile to consider.

Lehrer has a keen interest in the brain and the neuroscience of thinking and decision making. He thinks of the brain much like a Swiss Army knife with all kinds of tools for different things. The thing you have to do is be sure you’re using the right tool at the right time.

Beyond mental exercise there are other things you can do to keep your brain healthy.

Eating a diet rich in antioxidant-loaded foods like almonds, leafy greens and blueberries is a smart choice.

Vitamin D has also been shown on multiple occasions to help with memory and information processing, so be sure you’re getting as much as you can. If you don’t take in enough omega-3 fatty acids from fish (that’s two servings per week), ask your primary care physician about a supplement as1,000-milligram fish oil supplements might be an option for you.

Moderate caffeine intake has also recently been shown to be helpful.

As our population ages, more focus has turned to ways to keep the brain sharp as the years pass.

Doing things that use both the left and right sides of the brain has been shown to build brainpower. Challenge yourself – just ten minutes of mental activity a day might be enough to reduce your risks of mental decline.

Puzzles, reading or anything you like to do are good ways to keep the brain sharp, and will also potentially improve your logical critical thinking and reasoning abilities.

Brain Tumor Surgery – Types & Recovery

Brain tumor surgery is performed to remove the tumor from the brain. In other words, it's an operation done to reduce the pressure inside the brain. In case, if you are diagnosed with a brain tumor the primary treatment available to you is the brain tumor surgery. It is performed to remove the tumor, either wholly or as much it is possible. Usually, surgery is an initial step taken to treat the beginning stages and other malignant tumors. It is the broadly approached treatment by all, where the tumor can be removed easily without any risk of neurological damage.

Types of Brain Tumor Surgery

Mentioned below are the common types of brain tumor surgery done till date.

1. Biopsy: A surgery performed to remove a sample of tumor tissue.

2. Craniotomy: An operation carried out to remove a portion of the skull. By doing so, it allows the neurosurgeon to find and delete the tumor as much as possible. The removed part is replaced after the surgery.

3. Craniectomy: It is similar to craniotomy. The only difference in this operation is that the portion of skull removed is not replaced.

4. Debulking: Surgery is done to reduce the size of the tumor.

5. Partial Removal: An operation carried out to remove only a part of the tumor (due to the risk of a neurological disorder)

6. Complete Removal: Surgery is done to remove the entire tumor.

7. Shunt: The insertions of drainage systems designed allows to move excess fluid from the brain to another part of the body.

8. Ommaya reservoir: A tiny container inserted under the scalp and is connected to a tube. The container is used to:

a) Give chemotherapy treatment to the brain and the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) surrounding it.

b) Remove CSF to detect the presence of healthy cells.

c) Remove cystic fluid without the urge for surgery.

9. Skull Based Surgery: It belongs to the area of ​​a tumor as well as the specialized technique used in the removal of tumors in this field.

10. Transsphenoidal Surgery: A surgery performed to operate on pituitary adenomas and craniopharyngiomas.

11. Laser Interstitial Thermal Therapy: It is a minimally invasive method of ablating tissues with heat. It is an efficient and safest technique used till date. It is also considered as a minimally invasive option for new or recurrent primary and metastatic tumors anywhere in the brain.

Recovery Time for Brain Tumor Surgery

Recovery time depends on:

  1. The entire operation done.
  2. The part of brain where the tumor is located.
  3. The areas of the brain affected by surgery.
  4. Patient's age and overall health.

Medical Disclosure:

The information contained in this article is presented for the purpose of educating the people. Nothing contained in this article should be construed nor is intended to be used for medical diagnosis or treatment. It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified health care provider. Should you have any healthcare-related questions, please call or see your physician or other qualified health care provider promptly. Always consult with your doctor or another qualified healthcare professional before embarking on a new treatment, diet, or fitness program.

You should never disregard medical advice or delay in seeking it because of something you have read in this article.

Christmas Holidays and Vacation Tips

Short days and long cold nights, Christmas is on its way. If you are willing to escape the cold UK Christmas and spend this vacation in some Far East countries, under sun and enjoying Christmas to its fullest, here are the two best options.

Thailand:

Thailand is attracting most number of tourists and visitors in Far East Asia. Spending Christmas holidays in Thailand means exploring and enjoying mesmerizing landscapes along with colorful and rich culture. Thailand has a lot to offer every tourist visiting during Christmas.

Thailand is illuminated with stunning monument, exotic beaches and nature's fresh beauty attracting a lot of tourists through the year.

Suitable for all tourists ranging from those who are looking for a budget Christmas vacation to those who are looking for a luxury holiday.

Thai people lead a very traditional, contemporary style of living. During Christmas, the climate here is dry and clear with no signs of shower or humidity. Thus a very ideal climatic condition for enjoying a great Christmas with photography.

If you want to see elephants playing soccer, you must visit Thailand a little before Christmas. This traditional festival of Thai is known as Elephant Roundup and is worth viewing.

Christmas in Thailand has a wide array of activities to offer such as trekking, scuba diving, deep sea fishing, sailing, wind surfing, sea canoeing and parasailing as well.

Thailand Christmas cuisines include a very tempting and inviting range of cuisines enhanced with various flavors of spices and herbs. You can try a variety of chicken, beef, and pork, along with salads, noodles and vegetables on a base of fried rice or boiled rice.

Singapore:

Singapore is a perfect, pleasant and idyllic spot for spending this Christmas. The Lion City has a very unique combination of cultures that making your vacations more exotic.

While visiting Singapore, You must visit China town, Marina Bay, Little India and Sentosa Island. Little India is an Indian market place with small shops selling some Indian goods at a very cheaper rate. Sentosa Island has ten most popular attractions including the most famous dolphin lagoon. This island also has three beaches named as Palwan beach, Siloso beach and Tanjong beach

You can witness a spectacular view of dazzling fairy and pipe lights along every street of the city. But you can experience the best sight along the Orchard road. Orchard road has the largest concentration of elegant and posh shopping malls, hotels and eateries.

Christmas in Singapore is celebrated with a great enthusiasm and the main attraction during Christmas is the gala events that are held. Such events typically include countdown parties, dancing, live performances and various shopping promotions and trips.

You can also be part of the colorful and vibrant parade of decorated lighted floats. You can also enjoy shopping in Singapore's most famous Orchard Road and Marina Bay.

If you are interested in learning about ancient civilization, then Singapore has something for you too. It has renovated art galleries and famous museums. To name a few are The Asian Civilization museums and Royal Selangar Pewter Museum. Both the museums display various cultural and archaeological Chinese treasures.

Visiting these destinations will be wonderful Christmas gift for you and your family.

Shoulder Pain: Causes, Diagnosis, and Treatment

The shoulders are the junction points of several joints that combine with muscles and tendons, enabling a wide range of motion for the arm – from scratching the back and lifting things to swinging a bat and throwing a ball. However, this mobility comes with a disadvantage. It can lead to problems with impingement or instability of the bony structures or soft tissues of the shoulders, resulting in shoulder pain. The pain can be either continuous or only on shoulder movement. Additionally, the pain may be temporary (acute) or it may continue (chronic) and require medical diagnosis and treatment.

Possible Causes

The shoulder is a ball and socket joint that allows wide movements, and this joint tends to be more vulnerable to injury. Pain in the shoulder can originate from one or more of the following causes: tendonitis from overuse of the joint, strains from overexertion, upper arm or collarbone fractures, instability in the shoulder joint, frozen shoulder, dislocation, and pinched nerves (radiculopathy).

Diagnosing Shoulder Pain

There are several ways by which shoulder pain is diagnosed in order to determine the most suitable treatment plan for the patient. The most common ones are:

1. X-rays: Plain x-rays can distinguish the narrowing of the space between two spinal bones, slipped disks, tumors, arthritis-like symptoms, fractures, narrowing of the spinal canal, and instability of the spinal column.

2. Electrodiagnostic studies: Nerve conduction velocity (NCV) and electromyography (EMG) are sometimes used to diagnose neck and shoulder pain, numbness, arm pain, and tingling sensation.

3. MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging): This is a noninvasive procedure that shows the detail of neural or nerve-related sections.

4. CT Scanning / Myelography: This procedure is sometimes used in place of MRI.

Treating Shoulder Pain

Treatment for shoulder pain includes the use of muscle relaxants, anti-inflammatory drugs, steroids (cortisones or corticosteroid), and NSIADS (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug). Specific exercises are also proposed for patients in order to treat pain in their shoulder. In less serious cases, application of heating pads can help a lot. However, if spinal cord or nerve roots are involved, surgery may be necessary.

Erb's Palsy and Birth Injury

Symptoms of Erb's Palsy

There are many symptoms that are present when a baby has Erb's Palsy. These symptoms usually present themselves after the baby is born or soon after that. Symptoms may include:

· The arm positions flexed at the elbow and is there held tightly against the infant's side.

· The side that is affected by Erb's Palsy will have a weaker grip.

· The side that has EP will lack movement in the lower and upper arm and hand.

· Or Absent Moro reflex on the affected side.

What is the cause for Erb's Palsy?

Usually this disorder will happen during the birthing process, making it a possible birth injury. It will most likely occur in a complicated delivery, like when a baby's neck and head are having trouble moving through the birth canal. Another cause can be that the shoulders have been dropped too harshly if the delivery is a head first delivery. The risk is also higher with a larger newborn.

Treatment of EP

Usually most babies will recover fully from the affects of EP. But in some worst case scenarios babies will still have loss of movement even after six months. If this were to occur, surgery would need to be performed. The surgery would hopefully restore the use of the nerves for the baby. If it is mild, it is expected to recover fine. But if there is more complications during delivery than it can involve permanent paralysis to the arm.

If your baby has acquired Erb's Palsy from the negligence of a doctor then you may have grounds for a birth injury claim. Visit the Pennsylvania birth injury lawyers of Lowenthal & Abrams, PC

Dangers of Gardasil Starting to Emerge

On May 22, 2007, five schoolgirls at Sacred Heart Girls College in suburban Melbourne, Australia, were taken to the hospital after receiving an injection of Gardasil, the newest vaccine to be administered for cervical cancer. Soon after the vaccination, twenty-six girls were seen at the campus medical clinic. Five were admitted to the hospital: Two were kept overnight for dizziness; one had temporary paralysis and loss of speech. The condition of the remaining two was not known. (1)

In the US, symptoms similar to those experienced by the Australian girls have been reported to the Vaccine Adverse Events Reporting System (VAERS). Since the approval of the vaccine in June, 2006, there have been at least 1,600 adverse events reported. Here are a few examples directly from the VAERS reporting pages:

"Immediately after injection patient complained of severe pain at site. Fell off table and owed for approximately 10 – 15 seconds. Hyperventilating. Complained of headache, blurry vision; vision test was normal. Vomiting x 1 in parking lot and speech was momentarily inarticulate. Sent to ER where her neurological exam was normal except for word recall "coffee instead of coughing" and said "Sired instead of tired."

"A female patient was vaccinated with a first dose of HPV Vaccine. Subsequently as the patient was leaving the examination room, the patient fainted. The patient recovered shortly after fainting. "

"A 14 year old female was vaccinated with Gardasil. It was reported that the patient was sitting on a bench. When the nurse left the room, the patient was allegedly finished and ended up falling off bench. It was reported that it was unsure if the patient had broken her nose but there was blood. At the time of this report, the outcome of the events were unknown. "

VAERS is a passive surveillance system and depends upon voluntary reporting by clinicians and parents of serious health problems following vaccination. Although VAERS reports do not prove causation, they can provide a warning system that a vaccine may be causing health problems.

It has been estimated that fewer than 10 percent, even as low as 1 to 4 percent, of adverse events from a prescription drug or a vaccine are reported. (2) If only 1 percent of all adverse events associated with Gardasil are reported to VAERS, there could have been as many as 160,000 acute health problems from the vaccine in less than one year. The long term neurological or immune system complications are completely unknown. It is uncertain if any of these vaccinated children will go on to develop fertility problems, cancer or damage to their genes, all of which merck admits in its product insert have not been studied.

John Iskander, from the Center for Disease Control's immunization safety office has said, "There is absolutely no reason to think that there is anything in this vaccine that's going to make people more likely to faint." (3) After his assurances, there are ingredients in the vaccine that can cause recipients to become dizzy and fault.

Histidine , an amino acid, readily converts into another amino acid, histamine, when it enters the body. When released, histamine causes redness, swelling, itching and allergic reactions leading to widening of capillaries, reduced blood pressure … people can faint. The vaccine also contains Polysorbate 80 , an agent used in creams, ointments, lotions, and multiple medical preparations including vitamin oils, and anticancer agents. Polysorbate 80 can cause potentially fatal reactions in including anaphylaxis, characterized by a sharp drop in blood pressure, hives, and breathing difficulties … people can faint. (4)

Fainting spells after vaccination can have serious consequences. An article published in the Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine (1997), reviewed the 697 reports of syncope (false) that occurred after vaccination and had been reported to VAERS between 1990 and 1995. More than 97 percent of the events have occurred within 30 minutes of a vaccine, establishing a causal relationship. Of these, six patients sustained a serious head injury, including skull fracture, cerebral bleeding and cerebral contusion. Three of these patients required brain surgery and two were left with substantial residual neurological deficits at six months to two years after follow-up. (5) Dizziness and fainting after vaccination is not something to be taken lightly.

As for the children in Australia, the vaccination program is scheduled to continue in June. "The college is confident that this program of vaccination is safe to offer to students," says Christopher Dalton, the school principal. "We will be working with the Department of Human Services Victoria and the City of Monash Immunization Services in the planning vaccination program . "

The assumption is that illness and dizziness are "normal reactions" to a vaccine. The overriding theme for the Australians is that "We have a vaccine, and we will use it." For little girls in the US, watchful waiting is advised.

________________________________________

REFERENCES

(1) "Vaccine linked to sickness." [Http://www.news.com.au/story/0],23599,21774793-2,00.html

(2) Braun M. Vaccine adverse event reporting system (VAERS): usefulness and limitations. John's Hopkins Bloomburg School of Public Health. http://www.vaccinesafety.edu/VAERS.htm

(3) CDC Says Gardasil's Side Effects Minor, Additional Warning Labels Unnecessary. Feb. 26, 2007 http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/medicalnews.php?newsid=63651

(4) Coors, EA. Polysorbate 80 in medical products and nonimmunologic anaphylactoid reactions. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2005 Dec; 95 (6): 593-9. PMID: 16400901

5 Braun MM, et al. Syncope after immunization. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 1997; 151: 255-9.

Misconceptions about Umbilical Hernia

Umbilical hernia is a very common abnormality of the belly button that occurs in most babies' first years of life. Although parents become very concerned when they find out that their child has been diagnosed with umbilical hernia, there is virtually no reason to be worried about. Apart from being "in-esthetic", umbilical hernia increases no major physiological issues. This type of hernia is a mild disorder that does not interfere with the normal development of the child. Umbilical hernia is a post-natal abnormality of the belly button that occurs in more than 10 percent of all babies. This umbilical abnormality is commonly developed by girls and primarily born infants and it is usually revealed in babies older than 6 months, rarely occurring prior to this age.

Umbilical hernia occurs when the umbilical ring fails to close properly, causing the belly button to swell. The swelling of the belly button induces babies a state of local discomfort and sometimes a small degree of soreness. In some cases, umbilical hernia can be accentuated by the babies' movement and training. The disorder does not generate any other symptoms and it involves no risk of complication. Although umbilical hernia may sound and look serious, the disorder is in fact a very mild physiological affection.

Umbilical hernia can be easily revealed by a physical examination and the process of diagnosing the disorder does not involve performing additional tests. Unlike other forms of hernia, which commonly require surgical intervention, umbilical hernia generally disappears on itself within the babies' first years of life. Statistics indicate that more than 90 percent of umbilical hernias disappear by the age of 12 months without medical intervention. However, in some cases this type of hernia can persist for a few years, causing children further distress and discomfort. Rarely, umbilical hernia can even persist until kindergarten or primary school.

The treatment for umbilical hernia rarely involves surgery. Due to the mild character of the disorder, doctors prefer to correct umbilical hernia through other means rather than surgical intervention. In order to correct this type of hernia, doctors usually choose to strap up the umbilical region with sterile bandages after carefully pushing the prominent extemities of the belly button back into place. After the belly button has been correctly positioned, the straps will prevent it from sticking out, allowing the belly ring to heal properly. By using this technique, umbilical hernia heals very fast, leaving babies with no visible scars.

In rare cases, if umbilical hernia is very large or persistent, doctors may suggest correcting it through surgical intervention. The surgical intervention for umbilical hernia is very simple and does not involve any risks. The incisions performed during the surgical intervention are small and they heal without leaving any permanent marks.

Back Pain – How It Starts

The "interruption" has its own variables, including the L4 vertebra and L5 vertebra, and the C5 through C7 vertebra. Even though the C5 through C7 are part of the neck, they also belong to or associated with other sections of the back as well. When medical professionals begin looking for slipped disks, they typically look through the possible etiology, including the potential of strains, trauma, malformation, degeneration, weakness, and heavy lifting that can damage the back and the neck ligaments, causing strains and sprains.

After giving consideration to the etiology of the problem, they take into consideration the pathphysiology, including the possibility of "nucleus pulposus." The middle does connect to the spinal column, and there is a good possibility that it can press on spinal nerves, roots, or even the spinal cord, causing pain. If the spinal cord does become compressed, it can restrain the nerves and roots generating a variety of symptoms, including reduction in motor function, numbness, and even pain.

The assessment is typically centered around the lumbroscc area, which can cause short-term, or long-term pain in the lower portion of the back. Pain in this area does not stay where it started, it tends to radiation through the buttocks and even down the back of the legs. It is not uncommon for people with this condition to experience numbness and weakness in their legs and possibly into the feet, so ambulation may be tested.

Another location in the lower back where physicians typically search for slipped disks is through the lumbar curves. These are located at the lower portion of the back, which is a common problem for patients with an abnormal spine curvature.

When the cervical vertebrae are considered, the symptoms are very different. Doctors look for rigidity in the neck, numbness in the arms, weakness, and possible tingling in the fingers and hands. If the pain radiates down the arms and into the hands, there is an evaluative focus on a possible slipped disk in the neck. Because the cervical vertebrae are so close to the origin of the spinal cord, there are other symptoms that may accompany the one's previously mentioned. Weakness can develop in extremely locations, such as higher portions of the neck and even at the base of the skull.

Testing

When doctors are considering a back-pain problem, they will perform a physical examination, and possibly a series of physical tests. These tests may consist of basic tendon reflex ability, EMG x-ray, cerebral spinal fluid tests, MRI, or CT scans. The results of these tests may be compared to results from previous tests to determine if there are any structural or inflammatory changes. Through the use of EMG scans your doctor may be able to determine whether there are spinal nerves involved in the irritating factor. X-rays can be used to determine if there is any narrowing or expansion in the disk space. A Myelogram may be used to determine whether there is any compression of the spinal cord. This is typically performed in the case where a patient reports numbness of the extremities.

How Slipped Disks are Managed

At the first sign of back injury, doctors typically provide pain relief management. This allows the patient some comfort while the doctor isolates the reason for the pain. The pain management regimen will depend on the patient's history and metabolic variations. A physician may increase the patient's fiber intake to ensure that pain management medicines do not cause constipation.

Additional treatment methods will focus on symptomatic relief. Using hot pads, hot wet compresses, and at times, cold therapy may be recommended. NSAID medications may be used to reduce infection in an attempt to gain control of any compression on nerves and muscle systems. Muscle relaxers may be prescribed in situations where muscle spasms are involved, or degenerative muscle disorders are involved.

Orthopedic options may be recommended for short term use. They are not recommended for long-term use because they can further aggravate the injury by weakening the muscle structures the back depends on for stability.

Chiropractic Treatment For a Slipped Disc

The human spell is made up of the vertebrae (the bones making up the spine), having cartilage discs between them. The discs have a circle of connective tissue with a central gel-like core, which makes the spine flexible and at the same time functions as a defensive buffer. A slipped disc is a very painful medical condition in which the soft part of the disc extends through the circle of connective tissue. This prolapse may push on the nerve roots or on the spinal cord. Chiropractic treatment can be applied to cure this pain. The chiropractic doctor will at first get complete information about the illness, its history along with a complete medical examination including physical tests, orthopedic and neurological tests before deciding on the treatment. Chiropractic care is a non-surgical alternative used in treatment of disc injuries.

A slipped disc can also occur due to the breaking down of the circle of connective tissue with proceeding age due to weakness allowing the soft part to swell. Slipped disks generally affect the lower back and are rather rare in the chest part of the spine. Conservative chiropractic treatment can be undertaken for these conditions. It is likely that hard physical labor can increase the odds of a slipped disc. They are also sometimes seen following trauma like an injury from a fall or a road traffic accident. Chiropractic doctors employ other analytical procedures that are unique to chiropractic and establish the foundation for a program of care.

Chiropractic experts look cautiously at posture and perform a postural analysis of the patient to check the posture of the patient. At times the pain can be so severe that it may extend to the leg. Chiropractic treatment involves making use of techniques such as motion and static palpation to determine exact areas of restrictions in spinal joint motion. They palpate muscles and carry out muscle testing, as well as perform tests for pelvic balance and verify if there is a "short leg" ie. Then the chiropractic treatment involves finding out whether an injury has occurred. If some injury is there then what type of disk injury has occurred, Next step involves determining which chiropractic method is to be followed for the injury.

A false impression involved with chiropractic treatment is that chiropractic cure implies "popping a disc back in place" with forceful adjusting or controlling techniques. There is a form of disc inscribed to a nerve with low back unsteadiness, which often results in a quite lively due to the low back with spasm that responds well to traditional chiropractic adjusting. However, all other disc injuries are treated in chiropractic with a mild program of low-force techniques. Another misconception is that chiropractic care entitles a few quick treatments, again usually thought as popping the back, which will fix the disc. Instead, chiropractic doctors who treat disc conditions incorporated their low force adjusting techniques in an organized procedure of evaluation and treatment. Chiropractic cure also involves giving out instructions to patients to carry out at home which include stretching exercises and use of ice and heat either together or separately. Some patients are not good applicants for conservative chiropractic care. For example, chiropractic can not cure medical emergencies like a suspicion of a cauda equina syndrome in which loss of bladder control companies are a disc injury.

All through a program of chiropractic care for disc injuries, patients are asked questions regarding their progress. Appraisal of progress using chiropractic and neurological tests based on comparison with the initial findings are essential aspects of this chiropractic treatment. If a patient is not responding well to conservative chiropractic care, the chiropractic doctor reiterates the patient for imaging studies and spine specialist consultation.