How to Make Paper Thin Skin Thicker, Stronger and More Flexible

Paper thin skin actually exists. It is not just in your head. After so many years of nutrient loss and aging, your skin will actually get thinner and the fat underneath gets lost. What is worse is that collagen, hyaluronic acid, and elastin are lost, as well, all of which happened to be absolutely vital to keep your complexion healthy. Oxidation also happens to age and damage your skin. Here is how paper thin skin comes about, in general, and what you can do to rebuild and thicken your skin in no time.

The First Signs
If you think you have papery thin skin, you have probably experienced getting several scrapes, bumps and bruises in your life. Skin happens to congratulate with each small bump and people hardly ever notice this. Although you may not remember getting bumps sometimes, chances are some ugly bruises will appear anyway. Even if you just get a small knee scrape, your skin will peel away as it does with bigger accidents. The problem here would not just be one of appearance, either. Whenever the skin becomes that delicate, it becomes much easier to infect and takes much more time to heal. This means that you may require medical attention for wounds that severely even others someone who does not suffer from thin skin.

The Causes
Skin aging would be the major problem of paper thin skin. This does not only refer to getting older, though. Several people actually get easily wounded, ultra thin skin before they even reach middle age. This usually happens due to using medical steroids for a long time. In general, such drugs should only be given to treat chronic health problems. No matter what the contributing factors are, though, there are certain causes for aging skin and the amount of time that has gone by does not count. Thankfully, every essential cause of skin aging is fixable.

Supplements could also help both your skin and your health at the same time.
Look for supplements with a minimum of 30 mg of S-Adenosyl-Methionine and a minimum of 50 mg of Carnosine. SAMe refers to nutrients involved with an important process known as methylation, while Carnosine can stop glycation, which is what destroys healthy elastin, collagen and proteins within the body. Carnosine even has the power to stop glycation after it has already started. One other powerful supplement for skin repair and health would be omega-3 fish oil. Omega-3 fish oil comes with astaxanthin and lycopene extracts, which can thicken your skin, add some density, and significantly lower roughness and scaling, which are particularly common in papery thin skin.

Hip Dysplasia in Dogs – Signs, Symptoms and Solutions

Unfortunately, hip dysplasia in dogs is a very common problem, especially among large breeds. But do not let that stop you from enjoying the companionship of a Golden Retriever or any other big buddy out of fear for what the future might hold. Here's what you need to know.

What is Hip Dysplasia?

The word "dysplasia" literally means abnormal development. It happens when looseness in a dog's hip joint keeps the ball at the top of the thighbone from fitting snugly into the socket in the hip. It may be in only one hip, or both of them.

The constant friction caused by this misfit historically damages the joint. This damage tends to get worse with time, and the dog often develops arthritis, as well. Old age just is not much fun for a dog suffering from this joint problem.

Signs and Symptoms of Hip Dysplasia in Dogs

How did this happen, anyway? If a dog is going to be afflicted with this problem, he's usually born with it – though it may not develop for several years. It can show up sooner if a large breed dog grows too quickly as a puppy, or if it does a lot of jumping and running on slick floors or concrete at an early age.

Here are some symptoms to watch for:

  • Having difficulty standing up after sitting or lying down
  • Having difficulty walking, jumping, or going up and down stairs
  • Preferring to sit with both legs together on one side of his body
  • Letting you know it hurts when you touch his rear legs and hips
  • Doing the "bunny hop" when he runs, by keeping both rear legs together

An x-ray is the only sure way to diagnose canine hip dysplasia. The best age for a definite diagnosis is between 12 and 18 months. Some affected dogs do not show any symptoms at all for several years. (They're the "tough guys," I guess.)

Solutions for Canine Hip Dysplasia

So can anything be done for these poor pooches? Well, that depends on how bad the problem is. If your dog has a mild case, you can keep him reliably comfortable with weight control, moderate exercise, and pain relievers (from your vet) when he needs them.

In more severe cases, the best treatment for hip dysplasia is surgery to repair some of the damage and lessen the pain. In fact, the hips can even be replaced with Teflon hips, though that's a more expensive route to go, as you can imagine.

Here are a few ways to help your dysplastic dog be more comfortable:

  • Work with your vet to monitor your puppy's growth
  • Keep your adult dog at a healthy weight
  • Help your dog get a moderate amount of exercise, either from gentle walks or easy swimming sessions
  • Dish out the pain relievers when you can see your dog is hurting

Work with your vet to make sure your canine companion is as comfortable as possible, no matter how mild or severe his symptoms might be. Hip dysplasia in dogs does not need to destroy your pooch's quality of life.

Celiac Disease and the Need For Good Nutrition

Celiac disease affects the small intestine, one of the major components of the digestive system. The intestine itself is over twenty feet long, starts at the stomach and ends at the beginning of the large intestine, also called the colon. The small intestine is divided into three sections, the duodenum, the jejunum and the ileum. Each section performs a different role in the digestive process.

– The first section, the duodenum is connected to the stomach, the first section that the food is emptied into. It absorbs calcium, magnesium, iron, fat soluble vitamins A and D and glucose.

– The second section of the small intestine is the jejunum. It absorbs: fat, sucrose, lactose, glucose, proteins, amino acids, fat soluble Vitamins A and D and water soluble vitamins like folic acid.

– The last section before the large colony begins the ileum. It absorbs: proteins, amino acids, water soluble vitamins like folic acid and Vitamin B 12

After food is emptied from the stomach, it is treated with bile which has been secreted by the liver. After the food has been digested and absorbed as much as possible from the small intestine, it is sent to the colon for further processing and for elimination from the body in the form of waste product.

In celiac disease, there is a problem with the reaction of the small intestine to certain proteins in wheat, rye, barley and in some cases, oats. The protein that is the problem – gluten, causes an allergic reaction that not only causes inflammation but can destroy the lining of the small intestine. Because of this destruction, the body can not absorb the nutritional nutrients that it needs which will lead to shortcomings.

Celiac disease is common in countries in Europe, especially Ireland, Italy, Sweden and Austria. In Finland, celiac disease may be as common as one in every 100 persons, in Northern Ireland, the number may be one in every 300. In the United States, the rough estimate of the disease is one in every 3000 people.

What is Gluten?

Gluten is a group of proteins that is found in wheat and other grains. Proteins are long chains of amino acids that can number in the hundreds. During the digestive process, the body breaks down these chains into single amino acids and smaller chains. However, one of these, gliadin is not broken down the same way as the others and leads to the problems in the small intestines lining. Other foods may contain similar proteins but may not cause reactions to the majority of people. Still other foods may only cause reactions that are fairly weak or may only cause a reaction in those who are very severely affected by celiac disease.

Signs and Symptoms of Celiac Disease

Not all people with celiac disease have it to the same degree. Symptoms can range from non-existent to severe. Most symptoms that arise do so because of malabsorption while others may be due to malnutrition. Fat is the most commonly affected nutrient in celiac disease. Symptoms of fat malabsorption includes: diarrhea, malodorous flatulence, abdominal bloating, and increased amounts of fat in the stool. The stools tend to be fairly large in size, foul smelling, greasy and light in color. They also tend to float in the toilet bowl. It is possible that you will see oil droplets on the top of the water.

Lactose may also be affected by celiac disease because the body is unable to split lactose into its two smaller sugar forms, glucose and galactose. In those who have celiac disease and are also lactose intolerant, symptoms may be greatly increased and more severe. These include: diarrhea, excess gas, abdominal pain and distention.

When celiac disease causes malnutrition and vitamin or mineral deficiencies it can lead to weight loss, fluid retention, anemia, osteoporosis, easy bruising, nerve damage, infertility and muscle weakness. The disease is typically found in children or infants, however in adults the disease is often misdiagnosed first and then later discovered to be present. For instance, in many cases, the disease is occasionally misdiagnosed as irritable bowel syndrome.

Other Problems

Celiac disease may cause a number of other problems including: an itchy rash that affects the arms, legs, buttocks, neck, trunk and scalp. Medically it is called dermatitis herpetiformis and affects about 10% of those who have celiac disease. Other conditions: painful mouth ulcers, insulin dependent diabetes (Type I), autoimmune thyroid disease, rheumatoid arthritis and systemic lupus.

Celiac disease and other intestinal infection causing diseases may lead to cancer in some people, including abdominal, liver and colorectal cancers and some lymphomas, making it very important to diagnoseose celiac disease before the damage becomes severe.

Diagnosis

Because there are a number of other diseases that can present with symptoms that are similar to celiac disease, it is important that the diagnosis be made in a definite way. A biopsy of the small intestine is considered to be the most accurate method of testing for the disease; this can be done by passing a scope down the throat and into the duodenum under light sedation. Several samples are obtained and then analyzed.

While the test is considered to be the best, it is not without drawbacks. There are some additional allergies that could look like celiac disease as well as some temporary conditions that can skew the results of the biopsy, most notably cow milk and soy protein allergies. There are blood tests that can be done for celiac disease, however most people are still required to have the biopsy for confirmation.

The gluten Free Diet

After the diagnosis is made, the patient will be put on a lifelong gluten free diet which can be difficult and time consuming to follow and nearly impossible to handle in certain social settings. There are those who choose to follow this diet on their own, whether or not they have celiac disease or not, however it is not for everyone and even those who have to do so may find themselves overwhelmed. It is hard to find gluten free foods when eating out, for instance. There are foods in the average grocery store but they tend to be more expensive than others.

Because so much of the nutrients that are needed in the diet are not being absorbed by the body, it is important to consider supplementation. However, this can often be hard to do because of the inability to digest the ingredients in the supplement.

Candida and Your Health

Most traditional doctors are either uneducated or under-educated when it comes to this condition. They simply do not understand the impact Candida can have on a person's health. Instead of trying to find the underlying cause for the symptoms, they treat them and expect them to go away.

Everyone has Candida Albicans in their body. This yeast is naturally occurring and it normally lives in symbiosis with the body's other microorganisms. It can be found in the intestinal tract, mouth, throat, and genitals. As long as the yeast stays in balance, there are not any concerns. However, if something causes an imbalance between the bacteria naturally occurring in your body and the Candida yeast, the yeast will take over the healthy bacterium.

When Candida Albicans proliferates, it can drill tiny holes in the walls of the intestines allowing the yeast to get into the blood stream. Since an overabundance of yeast emits over 70 toxins into the body, it is the root problem to many illnesses, syndromes, and conditions.

Some of the most common symptoms associated with Candida Albicans include: bloating, headaches and migraines, abdominal gas, excess fatigue, cravings for carbohydrates, alcohol or sweets, anxiety and irritability, vaginitis, rectal itching, inability to think clearly, concentrate, or poor memory mood swings, hyperactivity and / or attention deficit, constipation or dirrhea, kin conditions like eczema, depression, sinus inflammation, earaches, indigestion and many more.

Normally Candida is associated with women as many have vaginal yeast infections. Men and children can also become with Candida Albicans. In fact, it may be directly associated with many mental health conditions or chronic illnesses that so many deal with daily. An overgrowth of yeast may be the main culprit behind alcoholism, anxiety disorders, asthma, irritable bowel syndrome, multiple chemical sensitivities, Addison's disease, Crohn's disease, autism, chronic fatigue syndrome, leaky gut syndrome, endometriosis, fibromyalgia, attention deficit disorder, multiple sclerosis, food allergies, hormonal imbalances, chronic urinary tract infections, clinical depression, migraines, lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, chronic pain and many others.

All systems in the body may be affected by Candida, but it looks to have the most adverse negative effect on the digestive, nervous, cardiovascular, respiratory, reproductive, endocrine, urinary, lymphatic, and musculoskeletal systems. And, because Candida can move through the body through the blood, someone with Candida may experience symptoms in one system one day and an entirely different system the next.

With all of these symptoms, many of which are indicative of other illnesses, it is usually the farthest thing from most doctor's minds when making a diagnosis. Candida has a substantial impact on our physical and mental health, learn to recognize the symptoms and you may find the root cause of your health condition.

An Acupuncture Article For Beginners

What Exactly Is Acupuncture? This holistic treatment is part of a system of medicine that has been practiced in the Far East for 3000 years. Its focus encompasses the whole person, including their symptoms, to ascertain the root of the illness and reduces any possibility of recurrence.

How Does it Work? Qi is a fundamental concept in acupuncture. This vital energy is instrumental in stimulating and determining our emotional and physical well being. It is when the equilibrium of this energy has been disturbed that disease may begin to develop.

Qi flows through the body along pathways known as meridians and at certain points on each meridian the energy can be accessed and rebalanced.

Acupuncturists rebalance the body's energy by inserting needles into points varies according to the patient and their condition. The body can begin to heal itself when its energy has been rebalanced.

Acupuncture practitioners also encourage patients to actively participate in their own healing by addressing lifestyle issues which may be contributing to their condition.

What Conditions can Benefit? Acupuncture effectively alleviates the symptoms of many conditions, including anxiety and stress-related illnesses; arthritis, rheumatism and joint pain; asthma; tinnitus, headaches, neuralgia and migraine; irritable bowel syndrome, constipation and hemorrhoids; menstrual problems, morning sickness and post natal illness; frozen shoulder, sciatica and other back pains;

What is the Treatment Like? Almost half the treatment involves detailed questioning of the patient about their lifestyle and health issues. The patient's pulse will be taken and his tongue observed to aid the practitioner's assessment of his condition. A diagnosis is then made, before appropriate points are selected and treated with acupuncture.

What Does It Feel Like? Insertion of the needles is painless, but patients usually experience a sensation when the needle makes contact with the energy at the point. This can feel different for each patient, but may be a numbness, tingling or heaviness. This initial sensation lasts a few seconds and indicates to the practitioner that the Qi has been affected.

Needles are usually left in for up to twenty minutes, during which time most patients experience a feeling of calm and relaxation. It is quite common to feel very tired after the treatment has finished, particularly if it is the first session.

This is usually followed over the next few days by the beginnings of change in the patient's condition as the energy starts to rebalance. After the treatment, feelings of general relaxation or increased energy can be experienced.

About Your Acupuncturist. Practitioners are required to be members of the British Acupuncture Council to ensure that insurance liabilities are covered and codes of practice, ethics and conduct followed.

Only sterile disposable needles are used and these are properly discarded after use.

Acne Cysts – The Many Stages Of Pain

What can be worse than ugly red pimples that make your face look like a medical textbook case study? Answer: ugly, LARGE acne cysts that hurt almost with every step you take. It is the sad fate of many an acne sufferer to progress from a mild or moderate form of acne to cystic acne, which is in a different league altogether. Ask Shari Thomas, a 33-year-old homemaker and mother of two who suffers so intensely from the physical and mental scars left by cystic acne that she went into clinical depression necessitating long-term treatment.

The 'baddest' of them all

The principal problem with cystic acne, says dermatologist Dr Andrew Waite, is that it takes ages to clear up because it responds so slowly to treatment. "Cystic acne lesions can lead to long-term scarring," he says. "The infections that cause acne cysts usually lodge deep benefit the skin and therefore do not discharge infection waste, as a result of which cystic acne does not heal easily."

Sometimes we should go back a little here. As we all know, any kind of acne is bound to produce a certain degree of inflammation. This is the reason why most treatments of acne aim to reduce inflammation. So far so good, but what happens when what is an ordinary pimple bursts open to spread the infection to its surrounding areas?

Unfortunately, that happens more often than you would think, primarily because most people can not resist picking at or bothering their pimples in some way. And once the pimples burst, it is only a matter of time before the surrounding tissue gets affected and starts forming acne cysts. Quite apart from the fact that these cysts can leave long-repeating scars, they are also excruciatingly painful. As Shari says of her ordele, "Every waking moment was agony and it seemed the only way I could sleep was to take sedatives."

Confronting the cysts

Obviously, given their extreme nature, acne cysts need firm handling – only in the figurative sense, that is. The first step is to see a dermatologist, who will discuss all the available treatment options with you before prescribing one. According to Dr Waite, if the acne cysts are really severe, a dermatologist will prescribe isotretinoin.

Hereby hangs a tale. Isotretinoin is a retinoid, which means that it extracts from Vitamin A and occurs naturally within your body in small quantities. Oral isotretinoin is marketed under various trade names, most commonly Accutane. Other trade names include Amnesteem, Claravis, Decutan, Sotret, and Roaccutane. Isotretinoin is also marketed in topical form, under the trade names Isotrex or Isotrexin.

A single course of oral isotretinoin will last between four and five months. In most cases, it will clear up cystic acne forever, because it reduces the size of the sebaceous glands (instrumental in the onset of acne because they trigger an acne attack by producing excess oil or sebum) to the extent that they actually stop producing sebum and thus cease to provide a breeding ground for acne-causing bacteria.

What not to do

However, as is the case with all antibiotics, isotretinoin can not be administered to certain groups of people. For instance, isotretinoin has been linked to foetal abnormalities, and is strictly hidden for pregnant women or those trying to conceive. Likewise, those suffering from depression or other forms of mental stress should not take isotretinoin because it could lead to further mental irregularities.

Other than antibiotics, acne cysts rarely respond positively to milder forms of treatment. So treat pimples with extreme caution. Shari, who administrated a warm compress to her pimples to make them burst open so that they ceased to populate her face, says she has never stopped regretting her foolish act. "If you have pimples, apply benzoyl peroxide and keep your face clean." The moment you interfere with them, you throw yourself open to acne cysts, "she says. Wise words.

Can Beer Make a Vaginal Yeast Infection Worse? What You Must Know About Alcohol and Yeast Infections

Can beer make a vaginal yeast infection worse? The answer is yes, it can, and there are a few things you should know and understand about a yeast infection.

Can beer make a vaginal yeast infection worse and why? Yeast infections are caused by the candida fungus. The candida fungus is natural in all of our bodies just as yeast is. We also have natural micro organisms in our bodies that help to keep the yeast in check and maintain a natural balance. Our diet often times will throw this balance off, creating a yeast infection. Taking antibiotics as well as steroids can also create a yeast infection.

The reason the answer to can beer make a vaginal yeast infection worse is simple. The candida fungus needs a living host, you. It also thrives in a moist, dark, warm place, such as your genital area, and this is true for men as well as women. This fungus feeds on yeast, sugars, carbohydrates, and starches. All of which are in alcohol, including beer. Yeast and sugar are two large ingredients in alcohol and beer is packed full of carbohydrates. That’s why beer makes us fat.

The fungus feeds on this sugar and the other ingredients in alcohol and beer. The ingredients found in alcohol are also found in other foods which can also make your infection even worse. You will need to get rid of extra amounts of sugar, carbohydrates, yeast, and processed foods in order to help get rid of your yeast infection. It is best if you stay away from alcohol completely until you cure yourself.

While you are suffering from a yeast infection, it is best to avoid alcoholic beverages of all types. Because beer can make a vaginal yeast infection worse. Once you have cured the yeast infection, you can again drink alcoholic beverages. Understand though, you must take a look at your diet and completely get your system back in balance. Over the counter and prescription drugs will only fix the yeast infection, not the root cause of the infection which is an imbalance in your system.

General hepatitis C information

Hepatitis C is the most visited liver disease in both the USA and Europe. It is a viral disease caused by a family of viruses that can inflammation the liver. If it is not discovered and treated it can lead to cirrhosis and liver cancer, which can happen because hepatitis C usually does not show any signs and symptoms until it's too late.

It is important to know all the hepatitis C information as you can, in order to be able to prevent the illness and to know what to do in case you notice any of the symptoms in you or in a family member.

As mentioned before, the cause of hepatitis C is an infection with a virus. This virus can be spread to other people by blood to blood contact. You can get it if you share the same syringe with someone that has it, or by having sex with an infected person. You can not get hepatitis C by hugging, kissing, or touching people.

Once the virus enter the body it can take years for it to make its presence felt. Many have it and do not even know about it, some find out during a routine consultation.

At some people acute hepatitis begin right after the infection, and lasts for 6 months. In this phase, no damage is done to the liver and no symptoms appear at more than 50% of the patients. When symptoms do occur, they may include pain in the abdomen, jaundice or loss of appetite.

Some eliminate the virus from their bodies during these first 6 months, but at most people it remains in the blood. If the 6 months pass and the virus is still in the body then chronic hepatitis starts. Chronic hepatitis inflammation fast, and unfortunately, it also shown almost no symptoms, so it's hard to detect it too until it already caused damage to the liver. But when the liver starts to malfunction, many symptoms appear. The most common ones are fever, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, headaches and depression.

It is important to start the treatment as soon as hepatitis C is detected, because after the chronic phase it can progress to cirrhosis, and the liver almost stops functioning.

The virus can be eliminated from the body if action is taken promptly. Hepatitis C therapy is treated moslty with a combination of two drugs – interferons and ribavirin. These drugs can have severe side effects, and they may fail to clear the virus in some cases, so doctors advice patients to choose the therapy method carefully.

There are many support groups for those infected with hepatitis C, that provide them with a lot of accurate hepatitis C information and with the latest medical tehniques used to cure the illness. Also, a lot of hepatitis C information can be found on the Internet, covering all the topics from causes and symptoms to treatment.

What Causes Elevated Liver Enzymes?

Elevated liver enzymes indicate that some kind of problem exists in your liver. Elevated liver enzymes are evident long before outward physical symptoms appear, so it's important for everyone who is at risk for liver trouble to have regular physical exams that check liver enzyme levels.

Liver enzymes are proteins which help your liver perform many functions related to your metabolism and the chemical balances in your body. There are thousands of these enzymes in your liver, and when something goes wrong, they begin to accumulate at abnormal levels.

There are dozens of possible reasons liver enzymes become elevated. Some of the most common include diabetes and excessive use of alcohol (which can lead to cirrhosis or alcohol-induced hepatitis). Viral forms of hepatitis are among the most common causes of elevated liver enzymes, as are cancerous tumors in the liver and bile ducts. Certain metabolic liver disorders like hemochromatosis and Wilson's disease are very hard on the liver. Mononucleosis and malaria are two illnesses that can cause significant liver damage.

These are quite obvious causes of elevated liver enzymes. But many people are unaware that certain medications and supplements, when overused or used improperly, can threaten liver health too. Medications that can be risky include various nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, cholesterol-lowering medications, antibiotics and anti-seizure medicines. Concentrated doses of acetaminophen (Tylenol) are definitely not recommended. Sedatives should be used carefully, sparingly and only with a doctor's advice.

Excessive use of herbal supplements such as kava, comfrey, pennyroyal and skullcap can lead to liver trouble. Many Chinese herbal preparations can damage the liver and should be avoided as well.

Even some vitamins, when taken in large doses or in dangerous combination's, can be hazardous. Vitamins A, D, E and K are among these.

One of the least known causes of liver trouble is obesity. Being overweight strains body systems in many ways, but it can have a direct impact on liver function. Obesity is one of the major causes of a condition known as fatty liver disease. When you have this disorder, it means that abnormal amounts of fat are accumulating in your liver. These fat deposits irritate the liver, which leads to inflammation. When liver tissue is inflamed, liver cells are destroyed and replaced with scar tissue. This impairs liver function and triggers elevated liver enzymes.

Once again, there are few signs and symptoms of liver trouble in the early stages of a problem. When symptoms finally do present themselves, however, they could include pain in the upper right abdomen, swelling in the area below the rib cage on the right side, and yellowing of the skin or whites of the eyes (a condition known as jaundice).

When you have a physical exam and elevated liver enzymes are diagnosed, you may need some additional tests to find the underlying cause of the problem. Your doctor will probably suggest an ultrasound, CT scan, MRI, or biopsy.

Often, you can bring down high enzyme levels with lifestyle changes. Eating a nutritious, low-fat diet and using alcohol moderately – or not at all – can certainly help. Talk to your doctor about any medications, vitamins and supplements you're taking. Exercise, of course, is good for all parts of your body, and that includes your liver.

Doing these things and getting regular physical exams that check for elevated liver enzymes can go a long way towards keeping your liver healthy and avoiding liver problems in the future.

Using Mother-Tinctures In Diabetics: My Experience

"Oh! You are a Homeopathic doctor !! Do you have anything to control my blood sugar levels?"

I often come throughout this question when I get introduced in a social meeting. Diabetes has spread its wings and has quickly started getting grip over the young-adult population as well … thanks to our life-style (do we have any style left in it?) And food habits. I have at least 10 patients who have met this silent-monster before they celebrated their 35th birthday. So it becomes extremely essential to think about various options available with us to control and / or eradicate this dreadful disease called diabetes from our society, with the help of homeopathy.

Much before I started treating diabetic patients with the deep-acting constitutional remedies, I had started using mother tinctures. Right from the days when I was studying Homeopathy and had hard known more than 100 remedies in total. No need to guess the prescription … it was nothing else but 'Syzigium jambolanum', which has got its roots from the ancient Indian healing system – the Ayurveda. I had prescribed it to many but with not so promising results. First I doubted its actual role in the treatment of diabetes, but later as I learned (and grasped) more about the system of homeopathic healing, I could understand the reason behind the failures. I had simply ignored one of the basic principles of homeopathy – Individualization.

Can we individualize while selecting a mother-tincture?

The question that arises – whether we can and should apply the theory of individualization while selecting a suitable mother tumor for a patient, or should it be guided by the clinical diagnosis alone?

If it is guided by the clinical diagnosis – then how do we select from multiple remedies indicated for the same disease. Can a clinical picture be utilized to pick up individualizing characteristics for a given case?

After more than 12 years of actively treating diabetic patients, I can now safely say that it is utmost essential to individualize while selecting a suitable mother-tincture for any case. I would like to discuss some of these mother-tinctures and their selection criteria through few case-experiences.

Clinical presentation of diabetes:

The initial presentation of diabetes has always surprised clinicians. The much-learnt clinical presentation of 'Polyuria – Polydipsia – Polyphagia' is rarely seen in the clinical practice now. Instead of that, diabetes prefers to declare its arrival through variety of other symptoms. These symptoms or the organs of diabetic complications can be the key to the individual mother-tincture selection.

I have seen Syzygium-jambolanum doing wonders specifically in the cases of diabetes where the degree of rise in the urinary glucose levels is much higher than corresponding rising in the blood glucose levels. I have had a patient who post-lunch glucose never went beyond 200 mg / dl [11 mmol / l], but his glycosuria always remained in '+ + +' mark. Syzygium given along with Calcarea-carb as the constitutional remedy helped him to have normal glucose reading for the first time.

A diabetic patient presenting with hematuria or cystitis often calls for Rhus-aromatica as the choice of mother tincture. There is a lot of burning during and after passing of urine in large quantities. I have often used it in menopausal ladies who present with diabetes and complain of above symptoms along with stress-incontinence, suggesting of atony at urinary sphincters.

Similarly, a diabetic patient with marked nephropathic manifestations can be helped by Abroma-augusta . It presents with marked albuminuria with offensive and profuse urination along with increased thirst for large quantities of water. Patient often complains about hard stools covered with mucus as a part of obstinate constipation. Loss of bowel-satisfaction that has started since the diagnosis of diabetes always rings bells for this remedy for me. Abroma-augusta can also be selected based on the concomitant presence of severe spasmodic dysmenorrheal in female patients, who react hysterically to the pain. They can categorically mention about the onset of pain just a few months before or after diabetes showed its presence.

A diabetic patient with concomitant affection at hepatic sphere, presenting with jaundice marked by loss of appetite and generalized dropsy (anasarca) leads us to Cephalandra-indica as the savior. Dryness and burning are the key manifestations of this remedy.

Gymnema-sylvestre should be labeled as the 'boon for diabetic men'. I have been using it in cases that either present with sexual debility with erectile dysfunction or report it after few years of diabetic diagnosis. It has not only reduced the sugar levels but has also shown its effectiveness in improving the erectile power.

Calendula ranks the highest when the case presents with wounds that take significantly longer time to heal and also show a tendency to result into non-healing ulcers.

Concomitant symptoms:

We understand concomitant symptom as the one which presents itself along with the chief complaint, but has no patho-physiological connection with the chief complaint except the time correlation. So it just exists along with the chief complaint.

In my practice, I have tried to stretch this definition further to assess various systems / orgs getting affected along with the primary complaint in patient's life-time, to check the principle organs of affection and have correlated it with Boger's sphere of action for the individual remedies.

To give an example – a diabetic patient, after a history of alcoholism, often leads me to the selection of Avena-sativa . In most cases pointing to this remedy, you will find marked exhaustion as the key-presentation. The diabetes gets detected with 'marked debility not responding to sufficient rest' as the only presenting symptom for the physician to investigate further. Avena-sativa can also be used in patients where diabetes co-exists with neurological disorders like epilepsy or Parkinson's disease.

I have already presented a case of diabetes with psychogenic origin, where Abroma-augusta was selected based on the characteristic presentation of constipation with hard ball-like stools & significant offensive artery with proteinuria along with diabetes.

In the earlier days of my practice, I had prescribed Thuja to a case which presented with multiple renal calculus along with cholelithiasis (gall stones) as presenting symptoms along with diabetes that presented with significant pedal edema (water retention). Thuja not only had expelled the renal calculi but also reduced the ankle over the lower limbs in the initial treatment period. Thuja was followed by Lycopodium as the constitutional remedy which further assisted the patient.

A remedy like Carduus-marianus that has a marked action on the portal & vascular system can be selected when a patient presents with cirrhosis with ascites and varicose veins.

In general, remedials like Chelidonium that improve hepatic function can be used to boost glucose-metabolism within the hepatic system.

Dosage:

Ideally 30 drops per day, divided in two-to-three parts

Caution:

Although the utility of mother tinctures in controlling the blood-glucose levels has been discussed here in great detail, it does not replace the value of a deep-acting constitutional remedy that can restore the fundamental metabolic balance.

Bulimia – Recognize and Treat Today

Bulimia is a type of a psychological disorder characterized by a person's erroneous eating patterns. It is also referred to as bulimia nervosa, which is a common problem among teens and women, although several males may develop it too. A person who is suffering from this disorder tend to eat too much during meal times but go to extreme heights to remove the same food he or she had taken. The bulimic may induce vomiting or use strong diuretics or laxatives in the process. They may suddenly decide to fast or skip meals altogether, or counter what they have eaten with too much rigorous exercise.

Signs and Symptoms

Aside from eating uncontrollably, the signs of bulimia include vomiting blood, purging, depression, mood swings, and feeling out of control. Persons who have it may also experience heartburn, bloating, indigestion, constipation, irregular periods, dental problems, sore throats, weakness, and exhaustion. Bulimic patients normally have bloodshot eyes.

Causes

Bulimia is caused by different factors but most of them are psychological in nature. It may caused by stress, depression, and self-esteem problems. Bulimia may also arise out of one's dissatisfaction of his or her body size. These people either have the fear of becoming fat or they can only see themselves to be fat no matter how much weight they have already lost.

Complication

Bulimia is a very dangerous concern so it has to be treated the moment it is diagnosed. Psychiatrists play a very important role in correcting the behavior and eating patterns of these individuals. The minor complications of bulimia include dental problems, soreness of the salivary glands, and reduction in libido. The major complications of this disease are stomach ulcers and ruptures, intestinal fluids, irregular bowel movement, electrolyte imbalance, dehydration, and irregular heartbeat. In more severe cases, heart attack may occur. People suffering from bulimia tend to have a suicidal nature, as they are always depressed and frustrated with the things around them.

Treatment

The treatment of bulimia is induced by a psychiatrist specializing in the disorder. If physical changes in the body are apparent, the patient is advised to go to a medical doctor first for physical evaluation so that the necessary drugs can be given. After which, a series of consultations with a psychiatrist is in order, so that he can assess the severity of the problem and proceed to the right behavioral therapy to correct it.

Treating bulimia is a process completed gradually in a long period of time. Regardless of any kind of treatment to be administrated, the cooperation of the patient is essential in the process. There should be the drive on the person for him or her to get away from it. With the medical and psychological expertise of the doctor, treating bulimia yields positive results.

Tomatoes – From Poison to Pizza

Historically it was the Spanish Conquistadors who brought tomatoes to Europe after many of their explorations. At first it was eyed suspiciously by the Italians, as they are part of the Nightshade family, known for poisonous species. Originally called tomatl the early crops resembled cherry tomatoes, and many species were yellow. The Italian name, pomodoro , means "apple of gold" but they were not calling it that until after a lot of tastings, when no one died. It was then that the beloved fruit was welcomed into the local cuisines, as cooks enthusiastically turned it into sauces and dishes through the country. Some botanists declared it to be a species of eggplant at first, which lessened the fears a bit, since eggplants were widely eaten in southern Italy already. In spite of its classification as a fruit, it is highly unknowingly that anyone embraced it for dessert. The plant took quickly to the mild and sunny climate of Southern Italy, but in northern European countries, it did not catch on for a few more centuries, where the shiny red fruit was highly suspect and shunned by locals.

Since the Spanish explorers were no slouches in their travels, they introduced tomatoes to some Caribbean islands and extremely to Asia, as well as their homeland, Spain, where it was consumed in the 1600s.

Initially, tomatoes were only eaten by poor people until the 1800's, especially Italians (author's note: the more food histories I research, the more it is clear that the poor and lower classes of the populace were bound to some of our most popular foods which were originally shunned by the elite, namely lobster, tuna and tomatoes; so maybe being poor had its advantages). An interesting theory regarding tomatoes is that the elite used pewter dishes and cookware, which contained high amounts of lead. Any acidic food would leech out the lead and cause serious illness and temporary death. Lower classes used wood bowls and utensils, so no concerns about lead poisoning (ides, if you're hungry, a few sliced ​​tomatoes probably looked pretty good).

America's first foodie and gardener extraordinaire, Thomas Jefferson grown over three hundred varieties of vegetables at his Monticello estate, introducing numerous crops which heretofore had been considered Mediterranean, the tomato among them. In the 1820s, his daughter and granddaughter, both devoted cooks, created numerous recipes. And because the logo was virtually unknown in America during Jefferson's lifetime, his dinner guests never questioned their host's intentions. After all, he was always experimenting with new and delicious vegetable species. Why would he want to poison anyone? Several decades later, a better, heartier breed was cultured and snapped up by Campbell Soup Company, taking the once-vilified vegetable to a new high with their canned condensed tomato soup in 1895. Soon tomatoes found their way to salads, sauces and stews. How interesting that Jefferson was instrumental in bringing the US some of their favorite comfort foods, rarely tomato soup, ice cream and mac and cheese.

While Jefferson was serving his dinner guests the exotic vegetable, immigrants poured into East Coast ports, bringing their native vegetables and fruits with them, not the least of which was tomatoes. Soon small Italian restaurants popped up in New York City featuring the beloved red sauce of their native Italy, along with a new creation called pizza. Naples, Italy was the birthplace of the popular margherita pizza, which considered of tomato sauce, cheese and basil leaves on a crust, emulating the three colors of the Italian flag. Named in honor of Queen Margherita, it debuted sometimes in the 1880s and was an instant hit. Neapolitan immigrants began serving it in their local restaurants on the East Coast, and it was only a matter of time until its popularity exploded across the country. Today, of course, it is one of America's favorite foods, and to think it all started with a vegetable which was perceived to be poisonous.

Americans consume over 12 million tons of tomatoes annually. Little wonder. Who can imagine life without ketchup, tomato soup, pizza and pasta sauce. American's favorite vegetable, the once poisonous logo forms a foundation for some of our favorite foods. Easy to grow, delicious to eat, a cook's dream, who can live without it?

Other Treatments and Their Importance in Causing and Aggravating Digestive Ulcers

After years of studies and experiments scientists quoted Celebrex and other few similar drugs treating arthritis, are less dangerous for causing gastrointestinal problems and ulcers. Newly it was discovered that Celebrex does not protect the stomach from bleedings and complications as well as we thought it does.

Non-steroidal drugs were taken into observation after a study revealed an amount of then percent of arthritis patients developing bleeding recurrent ulcers. Researchers say cases of arthritis greatly increase the risk of recurrent ulcer.

Also two older medications for arthritis based on Diclofenac, an anti-inflammatory drug, and Prilosec, meant to protect the stomach, were proved to cause kidney-failure more frequently than it was before known.

Doctors must be aware about ulcer-inducing side-effects as well as about the kidney-toxicity; close monitoring of the patients may protect against catastrophic complications.

However, producers of Celebrex denied these statements and reminded arthritis treatment with Celebrex reduces the risk of ulcer recurrence.

A study within a 287 patients group proved people with old scenarios of peptic ulcer are at high risk of developing other similar episodes. Half of the patients were treated with a combination of Diclofenac and Prilosec, and the second half with the newer Celebrex. A recent discovered class of pharmaceutical products is the Inhibitors of cox-2 enzyme that produces prostaglandins. Prostaglandins are responsible for the cell renewal in the stomach; during this process they produce pain and inflammation.

Cox1 enzyme protects the stomach and older anti-inflammatory medications like Diclofenac blocked both cox1 and cox2 leading to irritations and recurrence of ulcers. Products in the newer class, like Vioxx and Bextra protect the gastric mucosa and delay the occurrence of ulcers at patients suffering from arthritis.

The old drugs forced about 107,000 Americans to appeal to doctor's services, another 16,000 patients a year die from ulcer complications.

Although both medications allowed patients to perform their usual daily activities, neither of them protected against kidney-failure. Diclofenac and Prilosec as well as Celebrex reduced pains but enabled high blood pressure and swollen ankles.

Concluding, doctors must carefully monitor their patient's health status as a high blood pressure and edema of the extremities can lead to a diagnosis of kidney problems.

Systemic Enzymes – The Anti Virus of the Future

Proteolytic Enzyme, Protease as the term "proteolytic" refers to all enzymes that digest protein. Other classes of enzymes include Amylase, a digestive enzyme that breaks down carbohydrates, and Lipase, a digestive enzyme that breaks down fat during the digestive process. Each of these help in the digestion of food, which in turn helps with absorption of those essential nutrients in the diet.

In the body, proteolytic digestive enzymes are produced in the pancreas, but complementary forms of enzymes may come from fngal or bacterial sources, extraction from the pancreas of livestock animals (trypsin / chymotrypsin) or extraction from plants (such as papain from the papaya and Bromelain from pineapples). The primary uses of proteolytic enzymes in dietary supplements are used as digestive enzymes, anti-inflammatory agents, and pain relievers.

Serrapeptase, also known as Serratia peptidase, is a proteolytic enzyme isolated from the non-pathogenic enterobacteria Serratia. The enzyme is found naturally in the intestine of the silkworm, which is used by the silkworm to dissolve the cocoon and emerge as a moth. When consumed in unprotected tablets or capsules, the enzyme is destroyed by acid in the stomach. However, when enterically covered, the enzyme is destroyed by acid in the stomach. However, when enterically coated, the enzyme passes through the stomach unchanged and can be absorbed by the intestine.

It has many clinical uses, including as an anti-inflammatory agent (particularly for post traumatic swelling), for fibrocystic breast disease, and for bronchitis (serrapeptase loosens and expels mucous).

Both Bromelain and Papain are plant-derived proteolytic enzymes. Bromelain, also known as bromelin, is a protein-digesting enzyme extracted from the flesh and stem of the pineapple plant, Ananas Comosus. Papain is a proteolytic enzyme isolated from the papaya plant, Carica Papaya. Bromelain is most notable for its effectiveness in the reduction of inflation and decreasing swapping, but the scope of its benefits continues to increase.

As a natural anti-inflammatory enzyme, bromelain has many uses. Arthritis patients may reduce the swelling that causes joint pain by taking bromelain. Bromelain may also be helpful for the pain, numbness, tingling, aching and loss of motor and sensory function in the fingers resulting from carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS).

Prevention of the adhesiveness of platelets to endothelial cell walls was accomplished with 0.1 mcg / ml of Bromelain. Thus the benefti of bromelain occurs over a broad range of doses, and even small amounts may be beneficial to anyone at risk to thrombotic heart attack or stroke. Papain has been shown to be effective in preventing burn wound infection and helping remove dead cells.

Amla is known as Indian gooseberry (Emblica officinalis) is the richest source of Vitamin C. The Vitamin C in Amla is from the Rutin family, and there is about 50 mg per System Enzyme capsule. It also contains tannic acid, glucose, protein, cellulose and calcium. Amla is useful for stomach problems, it is antipyretic, hair tonic and nerve brain tonic. It is also useful in anemia, hyperacidity and in gynecological problems and epistaxis. Amla is considered to have restorative and preventive properties.

Rutin is one of the many existing Flavonoids, which are a class of water-soluble plant pigments. Flavonoids support health by strengthening capillaries and other connective tissue, and some function as anti-inflammatory, antihistaminic, and antiviral agents. Rutin and several other flavonoids may also protect blood vessels. Rutin was shown to stimulate wound healing in rats and augment the tensile strength of scar tissue significantly.

Ayurveda Remedy PMS

There is a huge chunk of the female population that suffers from mild to severe form of premenstrual symptoms or PMS. Because every woman has their menstruation every month, the female sex is at a vulnerable situation. But PMS can be easily remedied by Ayurveda treatments.

PMS almost often induces the symptoms of insomnia, swelling in one's lower extremitudes, back aches, headaches and breast sensitivities. All of these are triggered by hormonal changes that one undergoes in a menstrual cycle and the anxiety coupled with that.

There are different classifications of PMS which is often determined by which dosha is aggravated.

Vata PMS

When your Vata gets aggravated, this causes pelvic cavity abnormalities that in turn cause lower abdominal pains. Because of this, the following symptoms are felt: headaches, lower backaches, calf muscle pains, constipation, insomnia, and crankiness.

To help alleviate the symptoms, you can have body massages using warm sesame oil. You can also fix up a bath for you that is prepared with a third cup of baking soda and ginger. Warm castor oil can also help you with your cramps and abdominal pains. You may also drink garlic tea which is made of a chopped clove of garlic in hot water, half teaspoon of cumin and half teaspoon of cinnamon.

Pitta PMS

A pitta induced PMS is triggered by smoking and intake of alcohol as well as constant exposure to heat like being under direct heat of the sun most of the time. The symptoms of Pitta PMS include breast sensitivity, hyperacidity, headaches, hives, vaginal discharges and irritability.

Remedy for Pitta PMS include massages that use sunflower and sandalwood oils. You should also take only lukewarm baths to treat the pain. You can also try coconut oil on the soles of your feet. You should also try drinking blue hibiscus tea for your PMS.

Kapha PMS

A kapha PMS is often characterized by symptoms like watery eyes, sinus congestion, lethargy, weight gain and excess urination.

However, Vata remedies often work for Kapha PMS as well like sesame oil massages and ginger and baking soda baths.