Flu And Cold In Children – Causes And Treatment Explained

If a child's immune system is weakened for any reason, this child will contract viruses that will cause colds and flus. There are so many strains of these viral infections, there is no permanent treatment that will completely kill these viruses. However, these treatments will suppress the rate of growth. Treating the symptoms can help add in the improvement of his or her health; but not all children will respond favorable to treatments.

If your child is exposed to another person who is already infected, it increases the risk of your child becoming sick. When your child shows signs of any combination of mild headaches, being excessively tired, congested or runny nose, red and watery eyes, small fevers, sneezing and coughing, achy muscles and sore throats; he or she has contracted the flu and cold virus.

Once your child is exposed, it takes two to five days for him or her to sow symptoms of the virus. Then it takes three to five days for the flu and cold to be at full development. It usually takes about two weeks for the cold or flu to run through the full course and healing begins.

The cold virus affects the upper respiratory system. The flu virus is worse then the cold and grows rapidly. Flu symptoms are combinations of high fever, runny nose, sore throat, congestion, chills, fatigue, nausea, vomiting and eye pain. It is extremely important to be aware of the difference between the flu and cold symptoms.

The flu is more severe than the cold; the cold is easier to overcome, than the flu. the best clue as to what your child may be dealing with, is to recall the instance of exposure and whether it was a cold or the flu. If it is unclear as to what your child is suffering, consult with your family doctor. A swab taken from either the nasal or throat can determine the course of treatment needed for your child.

These viruses are not effected, in any way, by antibiotics. Any antibiotics prescribed, are so given, to ward off any secondary bacterial infections such as ear and sinus infections. Some steps to be taken to assist in the comfort of your child, as best you can, will be assuring he or she takes in plenty of liquids. Another step is to use a cool mist humidifier to help suppress symptoms such as coughing and congestion. There are over-the-counter medications that can assist with congestion, runny nose and cough; but these too need to be handled with extreme care. Read the labels to ensure what you purchase will take care of the problem. If your infant experiences a runny nose, a bulb syringe or nasal drop will be handy to help clean up passages.

It is best to treat any symptoms in the first forty eight hours of onset. If you do not treat the early symptoms of flu, the infection could worsen into pneumonia.

Research shows: Flu is an infection common with school age children and spreads easily. As many as twenty percent of American citizens become infected every year. As high as twenty thousand victims have died from flu alone.

Flu shots are available and can be recommended by your doctor; this will help prevent most strains of flu and cold viruses. Nasal spray can also be prescribed in place of the shot. both procedures will add in strengthening the immune system, by building antibodies to fight the viruses.

Research also shows more than a hundred viruses are connected to the cause of the common cold. Many more strains of viruses are connected to the flu. Because of this high number of viruses for flu, nasal spray and shots are available. The nasal spray vaccine has been developed from live weakened viruses. Shots, in the same manner, are developed from completely dead viruses. If a child is exposed to contaminating viruses, he or she may be given the same medicine flu patients relieve.

Not everyone can take flu shots or nasal spray. Some people complain of allergic reaction, people suffering Guillain-Barre syndrome, people allergic to eggs, these are just a few categories of people who can not take preventative measures. Always get advice from your doctor before receiving the flu shots.

Those who are at highest risk of contracting flu are:
* Children up to five years old
* Elderly folk of sixty five and older
* Nursing home residents
* Expecting women
* Patients experiencing health problems on a long term (heart conditions, stroke, etc.)
* Health care workers that come into contact with flu patients
* Home health aids working with the elderly and young

The Most Shocking Ending in All of Literature

“How oddly situated a man is apt to find himself at the age of thirty-eight! His youth belongs to the distant past. Yet the period of memory beginning with the end of youth and extending to the present has left him not a single vivid impression. And therefore he persists in feeling that nothing more than a fragile barrier separates him from his youth. He is forever hearing with the utmost clarity the sounds of this neighboring domain, but there is no way to penetrate the barrier.”

Three times nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature, Yukio Mishima is considered the most important Japanese novelist of the twentieth century, and until the arrival in more recent times of Murakami Haruki and Yoshimoto Banana was the writer with the largest readership outside Japan.

Extremely prolific despite a comparatively short life, he produced forty novels, at least twenty books of essays, poetry, eighteen plays–including modern Kabuki and Noh dramas, some of which he also acted in, and one libretto. He was an astute critic–a talent rated even higher by some than his fiction, and appeared in four films as an actor of some ability–one of which he also directed and produced. Mishima was considered to be the only author of his time talented enough to write Kabuki plays in the traditional manner; a professor from Kyoto University described him as a man of “frightening talent.”

Born Kimitaké Hiraoka, he was seized from his parents and raised by his Grandmother, the only one of the family of samurai descent, who both instilled in her grandson a love of literature, and according to some biographers, sickness and neuroses. Many trace his literary themes and later actions to these early, difficult beginnings.

At sixteen he assumed the pen name Yukio Mishima, a move alternatively explained as hiding his writing from an anti-literary father and hiding his true age. Yukio comes from the word yuki, which means snow, and Mishima is a town known for its view of the snowy peaks of Mt. Fuji.

Mishima avoided being conscripted by the army during World War II after being falsely diagnosed with pleurisy. While a student of law at Tokyo Imperial University he published his first collection of short stories, and the following year in 1944 published his first major work, The Forest in Full Bloom, a great achievement for any Japanese writer as few books were being published during the war. The first edition of 4000 copies sold out within a week.

All of his novels contain paradoxes: beauty contrasted with violence and death; the yearning for love and its rejection when offered; the dichotomy between traditional Japanese values and the spiritual barrenness of contemporary life; paradoxes he himself embodied–his writing was in all cases semi-autobigraphical, sometimes fully.

Mishima’s best known works include the autobiographical Confessions of a Mask, The Temple of the Golden Pavilion and the tetralogy The Sea of Fertility, regarded by many as his most lasting achievement–he sent the final volume to his publisher on the day of his suicide.

At the end of The Decay of the Angel, the last volume of The Sea of Fertility, Mishima turned the entire series upside down, a single, blinding burst of prose undermining the very foundation of all that has gone before, a stunning plot-twist that the author pulled off brilliantly. Some reviewers suggest that committing seppuku immediately following writing such a passage is understandable–how could one continue living after writing something so brilliant?

The ending to The Decay of the Angel has been called possibly the most shocking ending in all of literature; it was followed by one of the most shocking endings of all real life–an author who vehemently didn’t want grow old or decline bowed out at the very top of his game, aged 45; following an elaborately planned yet guaranteed to fail coup attempt aimed at restoring traditional values to a Japanese society he deigned bereft of them, he committed ritual suicide, 25 November 1970.

“The whole of Japan was under a curse. Everyone ran after money. The old spiritual tradition had vanished: materialism was the order of the day. Modern Japan is ugly.”

Toshiro Mayuzumi, close friend of Mishima’s for twenty years, explained: “He was a man of action. His suicide death was an attempt to change the world, at least to spur it by alerting the sensible population to the inconsistencies surrounding postwar Japan, the Constitution, the Self-Defense Forces, education, moral decay.”

Friend, former follower and fellow novelist Yasunari Kawabata honored Mishima with the statement “a writer of [Mishima’s] calibre appears only once every 200 to 300 years.” Ironically Kawabata won the Nobel Prize for Literature two years earlier in 1968, the first Japanese to receive an award long expected to be Mishima’s.

His funeral was attended by 10,000, the largest of its kind ever held in Japan, and his commentary on the Hagakure–the moral code taught to samurai–immediately became a best-seller.

Mishima wrote in his diary “All I desire is beauty.” A dedicated body-builder, practitioner of karate and kendo master, he sought throughout his life to make himself more beautiful, and strong. He saw beauty as a form of purity which could also be realised through noble action, and death.

“If we value so highly the dignity of life, how can we not also value the dignity of death? No death may be called futile.”

Eradicating Depression

IT’S AN EASY MISTAKE TO MAKE

If you experience depression then you know you can’t just snap out of it.  Especially if you’ve tried different techniques or been on anti-depressants or in counselling for a long time it’s easy to think that you’ve tried everything or that nothing will help.

If you experience depression or know someone who does, don’t give up hope before you’ve read this article and contacted me.

COMMON SYMPTOMS OF DEPRESSION

  • You feel sad or cry a lot, get irritated often and overreact, or you feel ‘nothing’ a lot of the time.
  • You feel guilty for no real reason; you feel like you’re no good; you’ve lost your confidence.
  • Life seems meaningless or like nothing good is ever going to happen again.
  • You don’t feel like doing a lot of the things you used to like and you mostly want to be left alone.
  • It’s hard to make up your mind. You forget lots of things, and it’s hard to concentrate.
  • You sleep a lot more, have trouble falling asleep or wake up really early in the morning.
  • Your eating habits change; you’ve lost your appetite or you eat a lot more.
  • You feel restless and tired most of the time.
  • You think about death, or feel like you’re dying, or have thought about committing suicide.

THE CAUSES OF DEPRESSION

Although there are some common causes of depression (listed below), we are all different:     

  • Excessive and prolonged stress and anxiety 
  • Unresolved emotional issues  
  • Deep seated beliefs and feelings of unworthiness 
  • Genetic / hereditary causes
  • Unfulfilled dreams and a lack of purpose
  • Chemical imbalances or a lack of vital nutrients in our bodies

The reasons for depression are mostly unconscious and a lot of people don’t know why they feel depressed.  That’s ok – there is help!

CRITICALLY IMPORTANT & OFTEN MISUNDERSTOOD ASPECTS OF DEPRESSION

  • Depression is not who you are.  It’s not that you are depressed, it is that you feel or experience depression; it is something separate from you.  Even making small changes in the way you think and speak about depression will help you start the process of uplifting your depression.
  • Depression is often an unconsciously learnt strategy.  This does not mean that you are actively or consciously ‘trying’ to be depressed or that it’s your fault, all in your head or that you’re making it up! 
  • Even though this may seem counter-intuitive at first, your state of depression is trying to protect you from actual or perceived emotional, physical or other pain and discomfort.  It is not an enemy to be destroyed; it is an ally that’s simply not going about things in the best way.  The more you work with it rather than against it, the better your chance of working through it and enjoying life again.
  • I often think of depression as a gift, in painful ‘wrapping paper’.   It is by unwrapping this painful wrapping paper and opening ourselves up to receive the gifts in the experience of depression that we can finally let go of the pain.

CHEMICAL IMBALANCES

The natural chemicals in our bodies and brains play a significant role in the way we feel.  Some people that experience depression have measurable chemical imbalances and others don’t. 

At a time in my life that I felt severely depressed (and had been for months), medical tests showed normal levels of all the essential natural chemicals and nutrients in my body.

The good news is that the methods I use work – whatever your situation.

ANTI-DEPRESSANTS

For some, anti-depressants can be an important part of getting better; a 3 month course that I took in 1998 probably saved my life.  At the same time I believe that anti-depressants mostly do not address the underlying issues that cause depression in the first place; the techniques that I use release and re-pattern these effectively and naturally.

Always consult with a health expert before you stop taking prescribed medication.

OTHER SUPPORT

Many people who experience depression use a variety of support and techniques to help them through tough times and I strongly recommend that clients initially keep all their current positive support systems intact e.g. medication, working with a health practitioner, a 12-step program, yoga etc.

MY OWN STORY

It was my own experience with depression that led me to specialise in treating it.

I experienced severe depression at various times in my life and experimented with all sorts of therapies and counselling like psychotherapy, reiki, crystal healing, homeopathy, meditation, affirmations and acupuncture. 

My first EFT in 2003 helped me to shift more of the heavy emotion I was feeling at the time than I thought was possible and I knew at that moment that I wanted to learn the technique. I now specialise in showing others how to uplift their depression because I understand the hopelessness and despair that often comes with depression, and the delight of being through it!

I am the living proof that it is possible to overcome depression and to live a rich and fulfilling life.  Wouldn’t you rather have someone who has personal experience of depression help you with yours?

WHAT IS POSSIBLE FOR YOU

With the discovery of ‘Energy Therapies’ (like EFT) and techniques including EFT, NLP and Hypnosis it is now possible to experience deep personal change much quicker than ever before.

  • release your energy blocks to set yourself free from depression
  • interrupt  non-helpful  thinking and behaviour patterns
  • install a deep sense of worthiness and wellbeing

As your depression starts lifting (most people experience relief even after the first session) and you start feeling better it starts up a new, positive cycle – the better you feel, the better you feel!

HOW I WORK

My approach to helping people shift depression includes:

  • Exploring the potential causes of your depression.
  • Clearing any potential benefits of depression; this may seem strange at first and even though I am not suggesting that you are consciously choosing to feel depressed – your unconscious mind may have some perceived, hidden benefits that we’ll clear to allow you to let it go to move forward.
  • Releasing the risks of releasing your depression – if you have been depressed for a long time the concept of being without it may feel scary, e.g. you may have to come off benefits and go back to work, or start making different decisions about how and with whom you spend your time.  Until you feel safe to let it go, you won’t.
  • Starting to focus on creating the life you truly desire – a life after depression!  After restoring your mental and emotional health, what sort of relationships, work and lifestyle would you want? 

WHAT IS EFT

The meridian points in our body are like the electrical outlets in our homes and the meridian lines are like the wiring that connects them.  If the wires in your home got cut or blocked then electricity couldn’t flow through them and your electrical appliances or lights won’t work.  It’s the same with us – if the energy flows in our bodies get disrupted or blocked in any way then we start feeling unwell and this could manifest as physical disease or pain, or emotional discomfort such as fears, phobias, anxiety, stress and depression.

EFT (Emotional Freedom Techniques) is a technique that uses our body’s natural ability to heal itself by (literally) tapping into the body’s energy system to release ‘energetic blocks’.  It combines body/Mind science with acupuncture (without needles).

By tapping on some of the meridian points on our bodies while using language in a specific way EFT releases these blocks, allowing the energy to flow freely, allowing ourselves to get well again – often very quickly and when nothing else will.

WHAT IS NLP

NLP is a very effective way to interrupt unhealthy or unhelpful patterns of thinking and behaviour and replace them with more healthy and helpful thoughts and actions so that you can move ahead in your life powerfully. 

NLP utilises a variety of techniques including the purposeful use of language, anchoring positive emotional states into your body so that you have access to them any time you want and actively using your imagination to create the change you want in your life.

WHAT IS HYPNOSIS

Hypnosis is simply a way to communicate with our unconscious minds and make the changes at the deepest levels where it matters.  Used in this context it is nothing like ‘stage hypnosis’, you are not ‘put under’ and certainly cannot be made to do anything against your will.

Quite often it’s like being told a story and most people find it quite relaxing.

WHAT TO EXPECT WHEN YOU WORK WITH ME

100% commitment to help you to help yourself with sensitivity, compassion, respect and a good dose of humour, using my vast experience in a range of techniques that work in a way that works.

I offer face-to-face sessions and also do work on the phone and Skype.

100% SATISFACTION GUARANTEE MONEY BACK

I believe that I provide a high quality service and value to my clients and I take great pride in my clients being able to make the changes in their life that they desire.

Because I want to make sure you get the best help possible I offer a 12 month 100% money back guarantee on all the work I do.

FREE RESOURCES

Visit http://deepliving.com now and:

  • subscribe to a free 10 day self-help ‘Uplift Depression’ course
  • receive my free newsletter
  • download free mini e-Articles (including this one)
  • read success stories
  • listen to free audios
  • find more information on EFT, NLP, Hypnosis and how I can help.

‘UPLIFTING DEPRESSION’ – A SPECIAL OPPORTUNITY

I designed the two day ‘Uplifting Depression’ workshop because I appreciate and intimately understand the aspects of Depression and how to overcome it.

This deeply transformational weekend workshop explores and addresses the root causes of depression in a safe and effective way and setting you free to fall in love with life again.  It will only be offered once for the remainder of 2009, on

  • Saturday and Sunday 7 & 8 November 2009

Visit http://deepliving.com/how-can-i-help/free-e-books for the latest version of this and other free mini-e-Books:

  • From Depression to Delight
  • From Phobia to Freedom
  • Be Free with EFT
  • ..and more.

Print, copy and distribute this document freely.  

Please forward any feedback or comments or subscribe to the DeepLiving newsletter at info@deepliving.com.

Is it a Cold Or an Allergy?

You've got a runny nose, sore throat, chest congestion and a head ache.

So have you caught a cold or is it an allergy attack?

Unfortunately, it's often hard to differentiate and tell for sure. But here's information that may help you to understand and identify the difference between a common cold and an allergy episode. Read on and find out for yourself.

Common cold Vs Allergy

Colds are known to be caused by hundreds of different viruses. When one of these viruses gets into your body, your immune system tries to fight back. Some of the effects of this immune response are lower respiratory tract irritation with the most commonly witnessed symptoms being congestion and coughing.

Symptoms of the common cold usually begin two to three days after infection and often include nasal discharge, excessive sneezing, scratchy throat, cough, and headache. Slight fever and a body ache might also accompany. Cold symptoms can last from two to 14 days and are usually witnessed in winters, though may be contracted in any season.

The mucus released is quite often pale yellow in color. The viral strains which cause cold are contagious and can be easily picked up from touching an infected person's nasal discharges or inhaling infectious particles suspended in the air.

After a couple of weeks, at the most, your immune system fights off the viral invasion and you stop having the symptoms. High fever, significantly swollen glands, severe head ache with facial pain in the sinuses, and a mucus generating cough, may however indicate a serious complication requiring a doctor's attention.

Allergies on the other hand are caused by an overactive immune system. When your body mistakes harmless substances – such as mold or pollen – for germs, it fights back the foreign elements by releasing chemicals called histamines, just as it does when fighting a cold. This can cause swelling in your nasal passages, a runny nose, coughing, and sneezing.

You might be able to differentiate between a cold and allergy by noticing a few factors such as-

Colds are contagious while allergies are usually not.
Colds are accompanied by body ache and in some cases even fever, which rarely is the case with allergies.
The mucus released during colds is yellowish in color whilst allergic nasal discharges are transparent or colorlessly clear.

Cold symptoms surface after a few days of contracting the viral infection while the allergic symptoms usually surface almost immediately after exposure to the allergens.
Cold symptoms in most cases disappear within a week or two while allergic ones might linger on long till the source of allergy (the allergens) are not removed from the close environment.

Prevention and Treatment

Since the causes of cold and allergy symptoms are quite different, preventing them would also require different strategies.

The best way to prevent allergy symptoms would be to avoid contact with substances you're allergic to, called allergens. So if you're allergic to pollen, for instance, avoid going outside on days when the pollen count is high. A few common allergens are dust, mites, cockroaches, a specific food (fish, eggs or soy products), mold, animal wastes, pollen, etc.

The ideal strategy to prevent cold symptoms would be to try stopping the cold-causing virus from entering your system. Washing hands often, keeping your distance from infected people, covering your mouth and nose (with a tissue or your sleeve, rather than your hands) when sneezing or coughing are a few preventive measures. Taking over the counter non-steroidal anti histamines and decongestants might reduce the pains and aches. However, the best way would be to just have plenty of fluids, proper rest and taking steam inhalation or gargling with warm salt water. Intake of hot soups (the famous chicken soup for cold) to soothe your congested nose and hot ginger cinnamon tea to ease your sore throat may also help.

Keeping in tune with your disease or symptoms not only makes the treatment less intimidating but also increases its chance of success. A better informed patient is always better equipped to tackle the disease and discuss the symptoms and treatment options with the doctor, hence lowering the risk to unwanted complications.

Although cold and nasal allergy symptoms are rarely serious, they can sometimes lead to other problems such as sinusitis or middle ear infections. So, if you think you might have allergies – or your cold symptoms seem severe – its better to consult your doctor.

Take care!

Avoid the Flu and Bronchitis at Work

Bronchitis is identified as being either chronic or acute. Acute bronchitis usually is limited into ration to anywhere from a few days to a week or two. It's often accompanied by flu like symptoms. Once ill, you can expect to have several days, with limited or no productivity, and even more time not performing at your best. While chronic bronchitis tends to last months or even years, the symptoms are much less pronounced and debilitating.

Of these two basic bronchitis categories, acute bronchitis is typically associated with colds and flu like symptoms. The symptoms of acute bronchitis include:

1. A Feeling of Tightness or Constriction in Your Chest

2. Usually a Sore Throat

3. Congestion

4. Wheezing and Difficulty Breathing

5. A Low to Mid Grade Fever

In a business situation, you often see many people coming to work ill claiming it's all for the good of the company. While I'm certain they have the best of intentions, viral influenza (flu) can be spread through direct person-to-person contact or indirectly in the air and on hard surfaces. This means that if someone who's sick coughs and does not cover their mouth, they can put everyone at the workplace at risk for contracting the illness.

So consider someone who dutifully covers her mouth when she coughs. While in the break room, she been pours yourself a cup of coffee and sits at the table, transferring ultramicroscopic infectious material to both the coffee pot, coffee cup and table. Anyone coming into contact with any of these physical items could then theoretically be at risk of contracting the flu bug and becoming ill.

Although most flu is viral in nature and therefore contagious, some acute bronchitis is bacterial and not contagious. Unfortunately, you need a medical degree and some tests to determine if someone who is ill is also contagious. The tips below should be considered as a strategy to limit your potential exposure to viruses that could make you sick.

1. Wash your hands. You can dramatically cut the risk of catching many common illnesses through careful handwashing and the use of hand sanitizers.

2. Clean your equipment. If you share an office cubicle, keyboard or telephone, use sanitizing hand wipes before starting your shift

3. Do virtual meetings. When possible, attend meetings virtually using a conference call system. The last time you are in contact with groups of people, the less risk of contracting an illness.

4. Use a paper towel to open doors. Remember the coffee cup example above in the break room? Same is true for doorknobs. If you can use a throwaway paper towel to open doors without looking like a germ obsessive crazy person, this is really a good idea.

5. Use care in the restroom. No guys, I'm not talking about your aim. Consider all surfaces suspect. That toilet or urinal handle has been used by many people before they wash their hands. Heck, it's no secret that many people use public restrooms and not wash their hands of all. I suggest that when finished, thoroughly wash your hands than using the paper towel you dried them with, open the restroom door when you leave. You can then discreetly dispose of the towel anywhere, but have effectively limited your exposure to potential viral infections.

6. Get a flu shot.
Acute bronchitis can begin with an illness caused by a common influenza virus. Getting an annual vaccination can help protect you from influenza (the flu) and bronchitis.

7. Limit exposure to sick people
During influenza season consider limiting your use of public areas like a break room, kitchen or cafeteria.

8. Cover your mouth.
Be aware of people around you who do not cover their mouths when they cough. Tried either avoid them or keep your distance when possible.

9. Avoid smoking and smoke whenever possible.
There are many chemicals, fumes and particle dust that can irritate and compromise bronchial passages. None more so however than smoking.

None of these tips should be considered absolute and should be used with a good dose of common sense. While walking around with a scuba tank and rubber gloves may be excessive, many of these tips can go a long way in limiting your exposure to viruses that can result in the flu or even bronchitis.

Fear, Anxiety, Worry, Shyness, & Panic

If you have found this article then you probably are interested in knowing more about anxiety, social anxiety or shyness, stress, worry, and related problems or disorders, what they are & how to get over them. You are in the right place! I am a Santa Rosa based psychologist and psychotherapist who was formally the head of the Anxiety Disorder Best Practices for all of Northern California Kaiser-Permanente Psychiatry. I have some very important information to share with you about anxiety disorders!

Fact: Anxiety Disorders are the most common mental health problem in the US!

Over the course of a lifetime, Anxiety Disorders will affect 25 to 30% of the entire US population! There are 6 primary anxiety disorders: Simple phobia, Panic Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Social Anxiety Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder & Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). There are also Adjustment Disorders with Anxious Features (also very common).

Anxiety is an out of control fear response

Anxiety is related to fear, a basic emotion which we all share. If humans had no fear, humankind would not survive! In this sense, fear is adaptive and has many forms: panic, worry, apprehension, nervousness, and even feeling stressed out. Fear is supposed to serve a useful purpose and is nature’s way of getting your mind and body prepared to face some type of actual or genuine threat. A common fear response causes your attention to narrow onto what you are afraid of and also causes your body to become charged with adrenaline to “flee or fight”. Anxiety, on the other hand, is maladaptive and causes a reaction similar or identical to a fear response but… there is little or nothing to really be afraid of! Anxiety causes you to overreact to situations, people, sensations, and even memories! Anxiety is an easily triggered and misplaced reaction.

What causes anxiety? Can anxiety lead to depression?

Anxiety is primarily caused by a combination of predisposing factors that interact with your environment. Predisposing factors include past histories of trauma or abuse, problems in your early emotional connection with caregivers, modeling of anxious behaviors by caregivers, domestic violence, being bullied or picked on, ongoing work related stress, history of accidents or medical illnesses, genes and temperament, and other factors. With these predispositions in place you are more vulnerable to developing problematic anxiety or even anxiety disorders in reaction to your environment like during periods of stress or adversity, life transitions (both negative and positive), losses, major life events, etc. Once anxiety has started you may experience a very strong urge to avoid situations, people, sensations, and/or memories associated with the anxiety (see Anxiety & Avoidance). Unfortunately avoidance only works in the short term—you may feel relief when you avoid, but you keep the whole cycle going by not learning to confront the sources of the fear directly. Every time you avoid due to anxiety, your world shrinks a little. Over time this avoidance can lead to other problems including social isolation and depression (see Depression Facts)!

How do I get over anxiety?

The best way to overcome anxiety is to learn to confront your fears and examine the factors that lead up to the anxiety. If you have had abuse or trauma this needs to be addressed as well. Anxiety recovery means learning to face things and to stop avoiding. The most powerful lasting changes occur with certain forms of psychotherapy.  Medication can sometimes be used temporarily, but long term use can cause side effects and reinforce the tendency to avoid, thereby never really addressing the true causes of your anxiety. If you need help, you should feel free to contact me directly! I have developed an effective, innovative approach that integrates the most powerful approaches to help you overcome your anxiety.

Physiotherapy For the Shoulder

The function of the human arm is to allow placement of the hand in useful positions so the hands can perform activities where the eyes can see them. Because of the huge range of positions required the shoulder is very flexible with a large motion range, but this is at the expense of some reduced strength and greatly reduced stability. A “soft tissue joint” is often a description of the shoulder, indicating it is the tendons, muscles and ligaments which are important to the joint’s function. Shoulder treatment and rehabilitation is a core physiotherapy skill.

The gleno-humeral joint is made up of the ball of the humerus and the socket of the shoulder blade which is called the glenoid surface. The top of the arm bone, the humeral head, is large and carries many of the tendon insertions for the stability and movement of the shoulder. The socket or glenoid is a relatively small and shallow socket for the large ball but is deepened slightly by a fibrocartilage rim called the glenoid labrum. Above the shoulder is the acromio-clavicular joint, a joint between the outer end of the collar bone and part of the shoulder blade, a stabilizing strut for arm movement.

The glenohumeral and scapulothoracic joints of the upper limb are acted on by large, strong, prime mover muscles as well as smaller stabilizers. The major back and hip muscles keep the shoulder stable to allow strong movements, the thoracic stabilizers keep the scapula stable so that the rotator cuff can act on a stable humeral head. The deltoid can then perform shoulder movements on the background of a solid base and allow precise placement and control of the arm for hand function to be optimal.

Around the shoulder all the muscles narrow down into flat, fibrous tendons, some larger and stronger, some thinner and weaker. All these tendons are anchoring themselves to the humeral head, allowing their muscles to act on the shoulder. The rotator cuff includes a group of relatively small shoulder muscles, the subscapularis, the supraspinatus, the infraspinatus and the teres minor. The tendons form a wide sheet over the ball, allowing muscle forces to act on it. The rotator cuff, despite its name, acts to hold the humeral head down on the socket and allow the more powerful muscles to perform shoulder movements.

As a person ages, the rotator cuff develops degenerative changes in its tendinous structures, causing small tears in the tendons which can enlarge until there is no continuity between the muscles and their attachments. This leads to loss of normal shoulder movement and can be very painful but is not always so and “Grey hair equals cuff tear” is a common saying. Physios work at rotator cuff strengthening, whilst in massive tears the main shoulder muscles can be progressively strengthened to improve function. Surgery is possible for massive, moderate and small rotator cuff tears and physiotherapists manage the post-operative protocols.

Osteoarthritis (OA) more commonly affects the hips and the knees, however the shoulder can be severely affected in which cases physiotherapy can help with advice, mobilization of the joints and work on strength and joint motion. Once physiotherapy treatment has been tried then total shoulder replacement is the only remaining treatment option, surgical replacement occurring of the head of the arm bone and the socket of the shoulder blade. As the shoulder is referred to as a “soft-tissue joint” it is the balance and strength of the tendons, muscles and ligaments that determines a good outcome for the replacement. Physiotherapists closely follow the surgical protocols to get the optimal results.

Many other shoulder conditions are managed by physiotherapists, such as hyper-mobility, dislocations and fractures, impingement and tendinitis. Physios manage shoulder hyper-mobility by patient education and stability training and abnormal muscle activity by teaching correct patterns by repetition and biofeedback. Physiotherapy for impingement involves rotator cuff strengthening, sub-acromial injection or surgical management by acromioplasty and tendinitis by local treatment and strengthening. Dislocations and fractures are managed according to the type and severity of injury and according to the trauma surgical and physiotherapy protocols.

Pure Breeds – Pomeranian Puppies And Other Toys Breeds

Pomeranian puppies are beautiful examples of toy dogs. Their fox-like faces, alert dark eyes, luxurious double coats of fur, and thick, furry tails are just a few of their attractive features. Pomeranians are considered toy dogs because they only reach an adult size of three to seven pounds and a height of eight to eleven inches. The American Kennel Club classifies the Pomeranian as a member of both the toy and Spitz groups. The term “toy” refers to their diminutive size. The Spitz group includes the Pomeranian and all other breeds descended from an area south of the Baltic Sea in what is today Poland and Germany. Sledding dogs from this region are ancestors of breeds such as the Chow Chow, Samoyed, German Spitz and Pomeranian.

In the 1800s, it became the fashion of British royals to breed dogs down to a more manageable size. Specific types of Spitz were bred to be smaller versions that could act as household pets. The Pomeranian, for example, is a toy version of the much larger German Spitz.

Pomeranian puppies, in general, resemble baby foxes. They have heads shaped like inverted triangles, dark noses and eyes, thick double-layered coats, and furry tails curled over the back. Pomeranians continue to be bred smaller and have developed a more doll-like face and powder-puff appearance.

The personality of the Pomeranian is as big as the dog is small. Pomeranians are excitable, vivacious, demanding, and even high maintenance. They are not appropriate for households with infants or small children. Pomeranians tend to snap at children who pull their tails or annoy them. Overall, Pomeranians are good family dogs and do well with older children, other pets and adults.

Pomeranian breeders should be knowledgeable of all the positive and negative traits of the breed. They should inform potential buyers of the medical conditions common to Pomeranians such as dental and heart problems. Pomeranians have a relatively long life span (up to 20 years) but may suffer knee dislocations and other Pomeranian-specific health problems throughout their lives. Any reputable breeder will have had the parents and puppies evaluated for pre-existing medical conditions.

Choosing the right puppy from a litter of Pomeranian puppies is not a difficult task. A potential buyer should research the breed first and understand its characteristics and needs to determine if it will fit into the buyer’s lifestyle. The buyer should then research breeders. Choosing a reputable breeder is much more difficult than choosing a pet from several Pomeranian puppies. Breeders should have an actual kennel. They should have certification in breeding and/or training dogs. They should be able to provide the Pomeranian’s pedigree and medical records and they should be affiliated with or run a rescue for abandoned or neglected Pomeranians. Buyers should never, ever buy a Pomeranian puppy from a pet store. These puppies are shipped and handled like any other merchandise and their parents are bred incessantly in what are called puppy mills which churn out puppies for money.

The Pomeranian puppy may actually choose the buyer. Good breeders will want to introduce buyers to their puppies and interview them to make sure they are deemed a good match. This way buyer, breeder and puppy all benefit from a good choice.

How To Control Your Anxiety Panic Attacks

Many people all over the world suffer from anxiety disorders and these disorders often cause panic attacks. If you are one of those people, then you know anxiety panic attacks can cause a rush of different emotions; each one more overwhelming than the last.

To properly deter an anxiety panic attack you have to first know what they are and what causes them. This article is going to explain what these attacks consist of and how to deal with them when they occur.

An anxiety panic attack is a symptom of different anxiety disorders. If you suffer from them, then it’s important to understand what they are. An attack is when a person’s anxiety and stress levels balloon to a point where they cannot control it. They quickly begin to fear their surroundings, fear they are dying, having a heart attack, or are going crazy.

It is a cognitive episode where your mind will tell your body it is experiencing discomfort that likely doesn’t exist and can last from one minute to fifteen minutes. Often an attack will cause a person to live in fear of the next attack, which only worsens the symptoms.

If you are unlucky enough to suffer from anxiety panic attacks, then you will want to know how to control them. There are several ways you can control your panic attacks no matter what the symptoms are. The first thing you should do is to identify if your attacks have a configuration.

There is a chance that there is a stressful situation happening that is triggering your attacks. If you cannot hold off the anxiety panic attack, then there are ways to get it under control. The first thing you should do is relax. Your thoughts should remain positive while telling yourself that you’ll be fine and that what you are feeling is not real.

There are plenty of other ways to get your anxiety panic attacks under control. Consider using something like yoga, which is not only good for your body but good for your mind as well. Tai Chi is also good for stress management. There are many other simple things that can help put your mind at ease, such as listening to calming music or reading a good book.

All of these can help and if you learn to institute them as soon as you feel an attack coming on, then you may be able to avoid an attack all together. Panic attacks don’t have to take over your life, especially if you take them over first!

How Much is My Arm Injury Accident Claim Worth?

One of the questions accident solicitors get asked most often is "How much is my claim worth?" Many of our clients are understandably anxious to receive compensation to cover the costs of any treatments they might need after their accident, or because they might have out of pocket expenses such as repair bills or damaged property to replace. However the issue of damages is always a difficult subject, due to the huge number of different factors that can come into play when a judge is deciding a compensation settlement, or when an out of court settlement is being negotiated.

Whilst estimating the compensation amount depends entirely on the individual circumstances of each individual's accident, publications such as the Judicial Studies Board Guidelines give some idea of ​​the likely level of compensation each particular arm injury will attract.

Fractures are some of the most common arm injuries. These can range from simple forearm fractures, often caused by slips trips and falls whilst out and about or whilst playing sports to more complicated fractures where the bones of the arm may have been broken in more than one place.

A simple forearm fracture will attract a compensation payout somewhere in the region of £ 4,000 to £ 12,000 whilst serious fractures leading to permanent disablement of the affected limb would usually be compensated to the tune of £ 25,000 to £ 38,000. As with all injuries, the actual amounts depend on the length of time the injuries take to recover, whether they recover fully, or whether there are permanent symptoms (deformities or loss of movement). Injuries recovering relatively quickly and without and permanent symptoms would receive compensation towards the lower end of the range.

Injuries to the joints are usually treated slightly differently to broken bones, as the joints are more complex areas of the body, where healing takes longer and where there is a greater potential for permanent loss of movement. The main joints in the arm are the wrist and the elbow, with injuries to the wrist having an effect on the movement of the hand, and injuries to the elbow affecting the movement of the lower arm.

A minor elbow injury caused by a fracture, tennis elbow syndrome or a laceration which results in no permanent damage would not normally see a compensation settlement more £ 8,000 than. At the other end of the scale, a severely disabling injury to the elbow, which may involve major surgery, or where the sufferer might be left with a significant disability, will see compensation payouts somewhere in the region of £ 25,000 to £ 35,000.

The wrist is a more complex joint than the elbow, due to the way the various bones and tendons also affect the movement of the rest of the hand. Therefore there is a wider variation in the compensation paid out to wrist injury victims in non-fault accident claims. Very minor wrist injuries which may only affect the soft tissue and which recover within a matter of weeks will usually only receive compensation of between £ 2,250 and £ 3,000. At the top end of the scale, the most serious wrist injuries which result in the sufferer being left with a permanent level of disability where there is little or no function left in the wrist will receive compensation of between £ 30,000 and £ 38,000.

As with all injury claim figures, it is important to remember that the final settlement figures for a particular case may fall outside those listed above, depending on the nature of the injuries you have suffered and the circumstances of a particular accident.

What You Need to Maintain Your Bone Density in Order to Fight Osteoporosis

The bones are mainly composed of collagen and calcium phosphate. Collagen, the connective tissue hardened part of the bone is that the calcium phosphate, and bone health, his life has been significantly reduced due to bone fractures. That is why it is essential to complement this framework with vitamins and minerals needed to maintain good bone density at the time of his life, when bone density is likely to deteriorate.

It starts to happen, aged 30 to 35 and women at menopause accelerates when their ovaries stop producing the hormone estrogen, which is needed to maintain bone health. At the time of their bone mass drops former involves the creation of a condition known as the osteopenia, or reduced bone mass, osteoporosis and then, when bones are fragile, porous and very sensitive fractures.

Before looking at what we can do to improve your chances of developing osteoporosis, is close to how to develop the bone, making it easier to understand the corrective measures that can be taken.

Calcium is the most common mineral in the body, and the vast majority is in bones and teeth. Phosphorus is also important for bone health because, as already mentioned, which is composed of collagen in the bones, which hardened by calcium phosphate. The two main uses of phosphorus in bone structure of animals and metabolism, as phosphates are also essential for the vast majority of the production of energy from chemical reactions in your body.

Calcium has other functions within the organization with the exception of bones, but included the exchange of fluids within and between cells, maintaining your heart and blood clotting. Vitamin D is necessary for the absorption of calcium from their diet, through the membrane of the duodenum. More calcium is absorbed in the small intestine, and calcium is also the majority of jobs when it is a form soluble in water.

In fact, the reason that in his kidney stones, for example, is that calcium is insoluble by the formation of calcium oxalate oxalic acid in foods such as soya beans and rhubarb. Fat regimes May also slow the absorption of calcium.

The estrogen plays an important role in bone physiology, and is an important factor in maintaining bone density in women. Bone is living tissue and is constantly absorbed and transformed life. The role of estrogen is a good balance between osteoclasts, cells that absorb bone, and osteoblasts, cells that the new bone tissue.

When estrogen is bad, this balance is lost, and instead of bone formation and resorption, constantly, to take place in surges, an initial area of ​​new bone is formed, and then produce the absorption of some weeks later, resulting in a structure where there is a gap between the areas of bone. Over time, these increases in the gaps and weaken the integrity of bone structure.

This is not all. The effect of estrogen is to limit the period of active osteoclasts, so that areas of the bone is absorbed by the body are relatively low, so that the bone cavity can be removed easily fill with new bone by osteoblasts, which are driven by estrogen. When estrogen is imperfect, is not only the activity of bone, osteoblasts reduced, but the bone absorption of osteoclast activity is not regulated, and the deepest holes in the bone structure of osteoblasts able to fill.

The result is the loss of bone, more bone is reabsorbed formed. The end result of all that is the spongy bone tissue with many tiny holes and also with larger areas of bone missing. Finally, given a critical point and fractures in normal use. A simple transfer from one stage to another of breaking a bone in his weakest point, as the hip, where the collar bone thinning.

Not everyone is in the same risk, and there are certain risk factors, you should be aware of each of which could increase the potential for the development of weak bones. The condition affects mainly white or Asian women, and those with a small frame. If you smoke and drink too much alcohol, are also more prone to osteoporosis, even if exercise can help prevent. An inadequate intake of calcium and vitamin D also helps, and magnesium is an essential element of the development of strong bones.

The US Department of Agriculture has conducted surveys that show American women only 50% of calcium recommended for good bone density. It is not only on foods that calcium is necessary for bone formation, but also magnesium and boron, and vitamin D helps calcium absorption in the intestine.

If you're on steroids, can make you prone to the disease of fragile bones. Unfortunately, the symptoms of osteoporosis is not clear until it has been a significant amount of bone loss, which explains why women after menopause, and more than 65 years, there should be a Exploration of bone density (DXA test). It is important to understand that osteoporosis is a disease that is not considered as such: you can not "capture", but was prepared following a gradual reduction in bone mineral density of your structure.

Their diet is important for you to prevent bone loss and osteoporosis later in life, and your lifestyle is also important. To reduce their daily consumption of alcohol will certainly help, and cigarette smoking has further delayed the activity of bone cells to create. Calcium and vitamin D help, but not limited to them.

If you want to maintain the smooth functioning of the bone and beyond menopause through the stage of life, you should take a supplement containing a balanced combination of vitamins and minerals to maintain a healthy balance between the loss natural and bone regeneration. There is more to ensure that only calcium and vitamin D supplement to a balanced and takes them out of hand. You can watch the knowledge that you do what is good for your body and bone density.

Symptoms and Effects of Chronic Insomnia

Chronic insomnia or wakefulness has been discussed for many centuries. This is a terrible condition where one is deprived or has an inability to sleep. It is also perceived as a condition where a person cannot get enough rest every time they sleep.

Wakefulness has many different causes such as depression, anxiety disorders, Alzheimer’s disease, ADHD, stress, allergies, heart disease, hypertension, epilepsy, BPH, rheumatism, etc. It may also be caused by other sleep disorders such as sleep apnea. But no matter what the cause of chronic insomnia is, it will always have the same symptoms and effects.

One of the many symptoms of chronic insomnia is difficulty sleeping. Every night, a person suffering from this chronic condition will have difficulty falling asleep. Insomniacs also tend to wake up several times during the night. Thus, it also prevents them from getting enough sleep at night. Individuals with chronic insomnia also feel tired even after sleeping. They also tend to wake up at early hours.

As a result, an insomniac will experience many different things. First, many people suffering from this condition enter into a state of depression and are always irritable. Many also develop anxiety disorders as a result of this sleeping problem. Thus, it prevents them from forming a good relationship with other individuals.

People with this condition also have impaired alertness and have low reaction abilities. They also lack the ability to focus, thus, their performance at school or at work is also diminished. Insomniacs also feel constant fatigue and suffer from muscle pains.

Insomniacs usually feel sleepy during the day. Many, if not all of them, fall asleep even while performing their daily tasks such as cooking, cleaning, working or driving their vehicles. In fact, many motor vehicle accidents are due to low reaction rates of the driver or the driver may have fallen asleep while driving.

Fortunately, there are many different effective treatments for chronic insomnia. Most of these treatments have been practiced and recommended for many years such as meditation. Don’t let yourself suffer from chronic insomnia anymore, go to www.meditate.com.au/blog or www.meditate.com.au/members to learn more about meditation and its many health benefits.

Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy For Parkinson's Disease and Crohn's Disease

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy produces many healing functions throughout the body. The system delivers help to people through an oxygen enriched environment delivered by high-pressure air that is 100 percent pure. There are five benefits to using hyperbaric oxygen therapy. People have regained the use of motor skills which were damaged or lost after motor vehicle accidents when they underwent a series of hyperbaric oxygen treatments. Since the inception of hyperbaric oxygen therapy, there has been a notable improvement in mental processes.

This form of treatment has helped many patients that suffer from Parkinson's disease and Crohn's disease. Children that are afflicted with autism have achieved better concentration skills and better motor responses after they have spent one to two hours a day in the hyperbaric chamber over a period of a few months. People that suffer from chronic pain have noticed considerable relief after only one treatment in the hyperbaric chamber and of those, many came out of the treatments feeling better than they have in years. The benefits of using hyperbaric oxygen therapy go on. The immune system is bolstered by the regeneration of white and red blood cells because of the pure oxygen environment. The white blood cells are responsible for fighting any type of infection with the body on a cellular level. The red bloods cells are responsible for delivering oxygen to all of the bodily organs.

The oxygen-enriched environment has helped repair cell damage in many instances. Many doctors will encourage surgery patients to take advantage of treatments before they leave the hospital due to the therapeutic healing qualities of the treatments. People that undergo hyperbaric oxygen therapy achieve an overall feeling of healthy rejuvenation. They will also no longer feel depressed, or feel anxiety in any way. Frequent travelers will recover faster from flying on longer trips when treatments are used regularly at home. From the use people will notice relief from stiffness in the joints, and in most cases, they will not have swollen joints anymore because the pressurized oxygen treatments took that swelling and forced it to go away.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy chambers are available for rent through local vendors. These oxygen therapy systems for home use can be rented on a month-to-month basis or bought outright by anyone that wants to benefit from them. Patients feel relief from many ailments after undergoing only one treatment in a hyperbaric oxygen therapy chamber. The Food and Drug Administration has endorsed hyperbaric oxygen therapy as a viable treatment for a large number of maladies. Hyperbaric oxygen therapies promote healing to all parts of the body and increase the growth of cells on all levels. This therapy will improve people's quality of life and their health.

Magnesium Chloride Vs Magnesium Sulfate – The Facts

Serious health consequences await people who are magnesium deficient. Many people feel that the benefits of magnesium is nothing short of miraculous. Some of the symptoms of magnesium deficiency include vomiting, nausea, low blood pressure, insomnia, seizures, muscle spasm, and restless leg syndrome. The question that people also ask themselves is which is better, Magnesium Chloride Vs Magnesium Sulfate.

More than ninety percent of people show improvement in their health when the levels of magnesium are restored to the body. Sea water is known to have great mineral properties and many people actually pour it into their bath water when taking a bath. Miracles are known to happen when the cellular levels of magnesium are increased.

The bones, teeth function better and the immune system is strengthened in no small way with this incredible mineral. It is reported that a french doctor was able to cure a few patients who had diptheria within a matter days by administering magnesium chloride. Furthermore, the same doctor reported that he cured fifteen cases of poliomyelitis and in cases where paralysis had already set in, the symptoms had reduced significantly. Magnesium chloride was found to be helpful to people who have a variety of conditions such as mumps, rubella, gastro-enteritis, boils, measles, influenza, whooping cough, chronic fatigue syndrome and many more diseases. In the argument about Magnesium Chloride Vs Magnesium Sulfate it was found that magnesium chloride was much more beneficial. The ancient Chinese believed that magnesium was a beautiful metal that brought about beauty in people's lives. From a more practical view, magnesium chloride does for the body what very little else is available to do for the body.

Other doctors are also confirming these results. They have gone as far as to add other diseases to the list such as asthma, herpes, allergies and conjunctivitis. Again it was magnesium chloride that came through as the miracle mineral of choice. Books have been written on the topic to confirm these findings. Many women and small children have soft skin and bones and they have high magnesium and low calcium levels. Age causes bodies to become less flexible. Arteries will harden and this causes arteriosclerosis. Many other negative occurrences take place in the body due to the lack of adequate supplementation. Magnesium works in conjunction with hydrogen to keep our body structure pliable. It is believed that ovaries are one of the first body parts to calcify and this causes premenstrual tension.

The gynaecologist who made this discovery found that the premenstrual tension disappeared once the patients were placed on high doses of magnesium. Patients also found that they began to look and feel much better. They found that their drive for sex increased, they lost weight and their energy levels increased significantly. Men have been found to have better prostate health in particular to enlarged prostates. Magnesium is important in that it activates the enzymes that are needed to metabolize carbohydrates. Nerve and muscle function is also dependent on this mineral. It also has a role to play with the regulation of calcium in the body.

The heart depends on magnesium as well. It is found that many people who have died from heart attacks have been found to have low levels of magnesium. Heart patients who have been treated with magnesium have been found to live better quality lives. One reason for this is that the arteries are dilated and fat levels and cholesterol are reduced due to magnesium. The results are irrefutable that magnesium is needed for good health in all people.

Foot Care for Senior Citizens – kent B Smith

Good foot health is especially important for senior citizens.  The longer your feet stay healthy, the longer you can maintain an active lifestyle.  Simply follow these 5 guidelines put forth by the International Council on Active Aging (ICAA) and the Institute for Preventative Foot Health (IPFH):

Principle One: Proper Foot Hygiene.  Simple daily routines can go a long way when it comes to promoting foot health among senior citizens.  Feet should be washed daily, taking special care to wash between the toes.  Just as important as daily washing is making sure that the feet are dried thoroughly.  Damp feet in shoes can lead to infections such as fungal toenails and Athlete’s foot.  Footwear should also be kept clean and dry.  Rotate footwear regularly, and purchase shoes with removable insoles – a feature that makes it easier to thoroughly dry shoes overnight.  

Principle Two: Regular Foot Inspections.  If left untreated, small cuts and sore spots on the feet can lead to more serious infections.  Foot ulcers (open wounds on the feet) are common among senior citizens who fail to notice minor foot injuries early on.  Reduced nervous sensation and circulation in the feet mean that the feet will need to be inspected visually.  A family member or friend may need to help out if there are problems with eyesight or flexibility.  

Principle Three: Proper Nail Care.  Failure to trim nails properly can lead to ingrown toenails and various infections.  Toenails should be cut straight across to prevent the corners of the nail from growing into the skin.  File away any sharp edges.  If a toenail does become ingrown or infected, see a doctor who can care for it properly.  This is especially true from senior citizens with diabetes or anyone who is particularly vulnerable to infections on their feet.  Discolored or abnormally thick toenails may be a sign of a fungal infection.  If the discoloration or tenderness persists, speak to your doctor.

Principle Four: Foot Care for Diabetics.  Senior citizens with diabetes must be particularly vigilant when it comes to the care of their feet.  Daily foot inspections are crucial, and your doctor should also inspect your feet on a regular basis.  Invest in a pair of orthopedic shoes.  Avoid going barefoot or soaking your feet in hot water.  

Principle Five: Proper Footwear.  Supportive footwear is especially important when it comes to preserving good foot health.  Look for shoes that protect and support your feet.  Orthopedic walking shoes often provide a good combination of comfort and support.  Avoid shoes with narrow toes or little arch support.  Make sure your shoes fit you properly and can accommodate the socks you usually wear.