Pain in the Right Chest Area – Do You Really Need to Worry?

When you experience pain in the chest, the first thing you worry is if you are having a heart attack. Pain in the right chest area is something that can affect people of all ages. It can be sudden, erratic or intermittent. However, it is to be noted pain in the right chest area is not always caused by a cardiovascular problem. There are several other factors can also lead to such pain.

If you happen to over exert yourself through some physical routines, pain in the right chest is an output. In case you happen to experience some problems in the digestive tract, it is also give rise to such problems. Succumbing to illness is yet another reason for pain in the right chest area. For example, if you happen to contract Hepatitis or Liver Inflammation, chest pain is a side effect of this problem. Yet another example is Pleura Inflammation. When Pleura get inflamed, pain can be felt in the right part of the chest. This pain can also occur as a result of gall bladder or pancreas dysfunction.

At times, when we eat food or drink any liquid, it is possible for the esophagus to choke on it and cause congestion on the chest. This congestion can result in chest pain on the right side of the chest. Acid from the stomach can flow back to the chest and cause heart burn. Liver inflammation is yet another cause for pain.

Pain in the right chest area can also be caused by rib subluxation. This is where there ribs get displaced and as result pain radiates from the ribs to the right area. This pain can get intensified by actions such as leading over.

In today’s hectic life environment, the most common cause for pain in the right chest area is the stress. Extensive mental stress and anxiety puts pressure on the mind and if life is very sedentary, it can take a toll on your physical form can cause many health problem, one of chest pain.

In case of gall bladder problems, pain can occur in the chest. Gall stones can result in sever abdominal pain which can extend to the chest. Such pain can also result as a side effect of gall bladder surgery. These are some of the many causes for pain in the right chest area. Treatment for pain in the right chest area can come about only by knowing the exact cause of the problem.

Causes of Bronchitis and Ayurvedic Home Remedies

Bronchitis – causes and Ayurvedic home remedies for bronchitis.

Bronchitis is inflammation of bronchi or air passages that carry air to lungs. People suffering from bronchitis see a heightening of this disease in damp climate.

In Ayurveda, this is termed as kasa roga (casa roga). According to Ayurveda concepts, germs cause this disease. However, accumulation of phlegm in the digestive tract after indigestion is the primary reason for bronchitis.

Thus treating bronchitis primarily aims at treating abnormalities in digestive system. The medicines also have curative powers to treat lung diseases.

Herbal remedies for Bronchitis

Tulsi (Holy Basil Ocimum sanctum), adathoda (Adathoda vasika), linseed, etc are used in the treatment of bronchitis.

You can chew two or three fresh tulsi leaves daily to keep yourself free from almost all of the diseases that affect you. Tulsi leaves also form constituent of several Ayurvedic preparations aimed at treating bronchitis. The other herbs are used in the concoctions (Ayurvedic preparations). They give the best results when used in the right proportions in the combination.

Precautionary measures include avoiding exposure to humidity, dust and other allergens.

You should also take care of your food and diet. Include a lot of fresh fruits and vegetables in your daily diet. Avoid smoking, alcohol and other addictives. Canned foods items are also best avoided. Easy to digest food items should form the main meals. Eat lots of fibrous food items and avoid the chances of constipation. Problems in digestion are the beginning point of bronchitis and you need to take extreme care in ensuring you have smooth digestion.

How to Get Rid of Toenail Fungus

The toenail fungus can be defined as a common problem in which, a fungus or bacteria get attracted to dark and damp environments and locate right under and around the toenails. There, the microorganism thrives under protection of the nail itself. Fungus feels best in warm environment provided by your socks and shoes. It gets enough sweat or moisture to live and spread and finally, makes the nail discolored, one of the features of fungal infection of the toenail.

The condition is medically known as onychomycosis that is generally featured by little pain (initial stage), itching and discoloration of the nail. The discoloration can be brown, yellow, dark purple or white. There will be swelling of the toe and thickening and crumbling of the nail. There are streaks of spots on the nail and in worse cases the entire nail is destructed.

To get rid of toenail fungal infection, one should take precaution that the fungus should not progress further. The first thing to be done is keeping the hygiene. The socks are to be washed with disinfectant solution and one should put disinfectant powder in the socks and shoes. Such powder absorbs the sweat and other moisture from the fungus infected nails and cuticles keeping them dry and healthy.

One can apply some essential oils such as lavender, tea tree or olive essential oils alone or in the combination onto the affected areas. These essential oils are having healing property for the skin and hence, can be effective in treating the toenail fungal infections. Some of the people suggest using vinegar; whether white or apple cider to cure fingernail or toenail fungal infection in a safe way.

Some of the naturopaths suggest using simple vapor rubs as simplest way to cure fingernail infection. However, there are no researches, studies or clinical trials, but vapor rubs are considered to be effective treating toenail infections especially the fungal infections. Soaking affected food into the lukewarm water containing fresh raw garlic bulbs can also help curing the situation up to major extent. Garlic is disinfectant, anti-fungal and antibacterial agent that can cleanse that local area in very effective way. One should keep in mind that after any application or soaking, the toenail are to be thoroughly dried because if it remains wet or moist, there are fair chances for fungus to grow again.

Another great way to cure toenail fungal infection is applying diluted Listerine and clove’s oil that has capability to eliminate any infection especially fungal. One can apply mixture of those oils through eyedropper. However, if the nail has almost destroyed due to the fungus that has now deeply seated into the nail tissues and is not responding to any of the natural or home remedies, local incision remains the only treatment. This is the surgical procedure in which, the affected nail is removed and then the affected area is covered with bandage for some days; patient being on antibiotic courses should change the dressings on the regular basis.

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Jaw Exercises For TMJ – Find Relief For Your TMJ Pain

TMJ is one of the most difficult conditions to deal with as it has no known causes or treatments. If you think you have TMJ, which is a condition that affects the joints of the jaw, then you need to work with your doctor and a TMJ specialist to try and find a way to manage the symptoms while looking for an underlying cause to the disorder . Some of the most common symptoms of TMJ are swelling and tightness of the affected joint, pain, an "off" bite, dislocation of the jaw joint and others. If you are experiencing these symptoms, the first thing you should do is talk with your doctor to see if there is something else going on that could be causing the TMJ and find a way to treat the underlying condition. If there is not one, then you should meet with a specialist to try and find a way to treat your specific case and prevent the symptoms from coming back.

Of the treatments available are jaw exercises, which are supposed to strength your jaw and help to avoid the symptoms from coming back. You can press your tongue to the roof of your mouth and open your mouth as wide as you can while breathing deeply. This should help to strengthen your jaw to prevent the symptoms from coming back. You can also press one finger against each of your jaw joints carefully while moving your jaw open and closed. This can help to relocate your jaw to where it should naturally be and relieve the pain and pressure associated with the dislocation and the strain it causes on the jaw.

If you are experiencing the pain and discomfort of TMJ symptoms, you should consider using these jaw exercises for TMJ to help relieve them. TMJ is a difficult condition to deal with, but with the right treatment and a plan of action in place to help prevent the symptoms of TMJ in the first place. You can find relief with the right plan and a good doctor.

Eye Allergies Types

Allergic conjunctivitis is divided into several subtypes depending on the nature of the allergen. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis, vernal conjunctivitis, perennial allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, medication reactions, contact lens allergy, giant papillary conjunctivitis, contact eye allergies and toxic papillary reactions are some of the most common type of eye allergies.

Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis: Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis as the name suggests are eye allergies caused during the particular season of a year. In it the eyes become red, watery and itchy. Persons affected also have burning sensation and eyelid swelling. During the summer season, it is caused due the exposure to grass and different types of tree pollen. In the fall, it is caused mainly due to the exposure to weed pollen. Seasonal allergic conjunctivitis is sometimes referred as ‘hay fever eyes or hay fever conjunctivitis or allergic rhinoconjunctivitis.’ An estimated 25% of American population is affected by seasonal allergic conjunctivitis.

Topical antihistamine, topical decongestants and mast cell stabilizers are the ideal treatments. An ophthalmologist should be consulted, if there is a decrease in vision or excessive pain or thick discharge,

Vernal Conjunctivitis: Vernal conjunctivitis is a severe form of seasonal allergic conjunctivitis and is mainly seen in children and youngsters. In it the eye become itchy, red and watery and develops pain. The eyes become sticky due to a discharge and are quite hard to open. The pain intensifies when opening the eyes after sleeping. The inner membranes of the eyelids swell and conjunctiva has change in appearance. Vernal conjunctivitis should be treated immediately as it can lead to corneal damage.

Topical antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers, and low dose topical steroids are the most effective form of treatment. The occurrence of the allergy is more common during late spring, when dry and dusty conditions prevail. Using sunglasses can be very helpful.

Perennial Allergic Conjunctivitis: Perennial allergic conjunctivitis occurs throughout the year and can be caused by both indoor and outdoor allergens. The main causes are house dust mites, pet dander and several other indoor allergens. In it the eyes become mildly itchy, watery and red.

Atopic keratoconjunctivitis: Atopic keratoconjunctivitis is one of the most severe forms of eye allergies. People with eczema are more prone to it. Continuous itching and dry eyes are the common symptoms, which is followed by blurred vision. Atopic keratoconjunctivitis, also referred as eczema eyes, if not treated can lead to corneal swelling and conjunctival scarring. This form of eye allergy is quite rare and is seen mainly in older people.

Apart from airborne allergens, atopic keratoconjunctivitis can be caused by common food substances. Topical antihistamines, mast cell stabilizers and short term use of steroids are the ideal treatment. This type of allergy should be treated immediately as there have been rare cases which have led to blindness.

Medication Reactions: Eye allergies can be caused by the intake of certain medicines. Conjunctival swelling and itching are the common reactions. The reactions occur immediately and can vary from mild to severe. Anesthetics, bacitracin, topical penicillin, and sulfacetamide are some of the medicines which can trigger eye allergies.

The Complications of Poor Circulation Left Untreated

If left untreated, the complications of poor circulation are widespread and severe. Poor circulation, primarily a condition that affects the legs and feet, is usually caused by obesity and a sedentary lifestyle. The symptoms come on slowly, but can lead to serious medical complications over time, especially if steps are not taken to counter the condition before it worsens. Below, you will find several of the potential complications of poor circulation that can have a severe impact on your continued health.

Reduced Libido
Intimate function is highly dependent on the body’s ability to provide an adequate blood flow. This is particularly true with males. When the body is unable to provide enough blood, intimate ability begins to suffer. Over time, even the desire for intimate activity can fade.

Varicose Veins
Though most people consider them to be little more than a cosmetic problem, varicose veins are very common in people who suffer from poor leg circulation. While varicose veins by themselves are not a particularly threatening condition, people who have them are far more likely to develop deep vein thrombosis, blood clots, and persistent wounds on the lower legs that the body is unable to heal.

Persistent Wounds and Infections
Proper healing requires a healthy blood flow to the damaged area. When the body is unable to provide the wound with enough blood flow for the wound to be cleaned and repaired, the rate of healing can be vastly impaired, even stopped. This slow healing provides ample opportunity for all sorts of infections to set in.

When a wound worsens over time and becomes severely infected, as is the case with very advanced cases of untreated circulation problems, sometimes it becomes necessary to amputate the damaged area in order to protect the rest of the body from succumbing to the infection, as well as other problems. Poor circulation and diabetes are the two most common causes of lower leg amputation, and much can be done in both cases to prevent it from becoming necessary.

There are plenty of other, less common complications of poor circulation that you may end up experiencing if you do not bring your circulation problems under tight control. Luckily, there are quite a few different lifestyle modifications that you can make that will go a long way toward managing the condition. In some cases, there are also surgical options that will offer a more permanent solution.

Cation Mud Therapy for Pain Relief and Healing Degenerative Disease

Trauma can create Interference Fields at several areas on the body. Interference Fields (IF’s) are quite pervasive and can cause chronic pain and resistant health issues that do not respond to ordinary therapies. Scars from surgeries or trauma, accidents and falls, dental work, tattoos and body piercings can create IF’s that are effectively treated and cleared by implementing Cation Mud Therapy (pronounced kat-i-on). Clearing the stagnation in tissue affected by trauma allows for more thorough healing of the body and all of its tissues and multiple systems.

Cation Mud Packs have long been used for detoxifying tissue and promoting healing. The high cation exchange and osmotic extracting effect pulls out toxins and heavy metals while eliminating pain and reduces the burden on the immune system. Medicinal mudpacks increase micro-circulation, lymph flow, nerve flow, and cellular energy flow so the body can repair and heal with less hindrance. Increased mobility, reduced pain, minimized scar tissue, repair of damaged tissue, and enhanced organ and gland function have been discovered as an outcome of cation mud therapy in clinical tests.

The need for mud packs can be established by testing trauma sites for Interference Fields (IF’s). An IF can develop after any trauma has occurred to the body. Although the time it takes for an IF to cause problems varies (from 6 months to 20 or more years), the nutritional state of the body at the time of injury often determines if a trauma site will develop into an Interference Field. Surgery scars, broken bones, falls and accidents, head trauma, severe burns, dental surgery, body piercings and tattoos are all examples of tissue trauma that can lead to an Interference Field on the body. The tissue surrounding an IF often accumulates toxins and heavy metals, impairing the flow of energy, nutrients and nerve impulses to that area.

IF’s also affect other organs and glands in the body. For example, an ankle injury may eventually reflex to the adrenal glands, suppressing their function. The person finds that no matter how many nutrients or medications they take, the adrenal glands never seem to function optimally. They are always fatigued or may have stubborn hormonal imbalances. Applying cation mud packs to the appropriate injury and reflex areas will clear stagnation and toxins in the tissue, allowing the adrenal glands to completely absorb and utilize the nutrients necessary to achieve and maintain healthy function without the unending support of additional nutritional supplementation.

In another example, a scar from an appendectomy may ‘reflex’ to the neck and head, causing headaches and/or neck pain that do not respond to treatments. After medicinal mud therapy, headaches, neck pain and stiffness are relieved.

More examples of IF’s:

~ Hand injury reflexes to shoulder causing pain and reduced range of motion

~ Vaccination site reflexes to the thyroid causing hypothyroid symptoms

~ Episiotomy scar reflexes to the legs causing stiff swollen legs

~ Decaying molar (cavitation) reflexes to the chest causing jittery feeling and insomnia

~ Injury to hip reflexes to the stomach causing abdominal weight gain

~ Fall on tailbone reflexes to brain causing sleep disturbances

~ Whiplash from car accident reflexes to the liver creating allergic reactions

~ Tattoos on back reflex to the adrenals causing fatigue and insomnia

~ Broken clavicle reflexes to the thyroid causing hypothyroid symptoms

~ Broken nose reflexes to brain causing memory problems

~ Lower leg injury reflexes to ovaries causing infertility

~ C-section scar reflexes to the thymus causing compromised immune function

Using cation mud therapy for any of these examples can clear blockages in the trauma areas, remove toxins, repairs and restores the normal flow of nerve energy and blood, and allow the body to return to health. Mudpacks can be done at home or in office.

Vitamin D: Important To Mood Management

If you’re struggling with your mood, vitamin D could be what you need.

One of the few vitamins the body can actually manufacture, Vitamin D is known as the sunshine vitamin because exposure to the sun triggers its production in the skin. Its primary biologic function is to regulate calcium levels, and it was long known primarily for its importance in building and maintaining strong bones.

But recent research is proving that the sunshine vitamin plays a huge role in many aspects of health and wellness. In addition to providing protection against a variety of age-related disorders including osteoporosis, heart disease, cancer, and autoimmune disease, deficiency of this important vitamin is associated with a wide range of mood and cognitive disorders.

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked To Depression
Depression is a very common problem for people over 60, both in association other diseases and as a chronic, recurring condition. Studies have demonstrated a strong link between low levels of the vitamin and depression, and in fact mood swings and feelings of depression are among the symptoms of deficiency.

A landmark 2008 Dutch study of more than 1200 men and women 65 and older showed an unmistakable correlation between vitamin D deficiency and instances of depression. Blood levels of the vitamin were 14% lower among the subjects who were suffering from depression than among the non-depressed subjects.

The study also measured blood levels of parathyroid hormone, which increases when blood levels of vitamin D are too low. It was found that in the patients with major depression, parathyroid levels were 33 percent higher than in non-depressed patients.

An Important Factor for Midlife Women
As the body ages its ability to produce vitamin D declines, and insufficient levels of the vitamin lead to a decrease in calcium absorption. It has long been understood that low calcium absorption heightens the risk of bone-weakening diseases like osteoporosis, but it has recently been found that low calcium can increase the risk of depression as well.

This syndrome is particularly important to older women because reduced estrogen levels also appear to effect calcium absorption, compounding the problems created by D vitamin deficiency. Research on how the vitamin effects mood in post-menopausal women is ongoing, but recent studies by the University of Massachusetts showed that in younger women supplemental calcium and vitamin D helped control the mood-related symptoms of Pre-Menstrual Syndrome, including tearfulness, anxiety and irritability.

A Cure for SAD?

Since it’s known as the sunshine vitamin, it seems reasonable to expect that vitamin D would ease Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD), a chronic seasonal depression that occurs during the winter months when there is little exposure to sun. But though there is general agreement that lack of sun leads to both deficiency of the vitamin and the disorder, researchers say more studies are needed to determine whether supplemental doses of the mood vitamin can be used as a treatment.

What is Althetoid Cerebral Palsy?

Cerebral Palsy usually called CP is actually a term that refers to a group of disorders that affect muscle coordination and body movement in patients. People especially children who are affected by Cerebral palsy will find that they are unable to move their limbs and have very little control over their muscles. Cerebral Palsy occurs because there is damage to certain parts of the brain, which control muscle movements in the body. Damage to the brain can occur anytime during the pregnancy term or during birth or just after birth. Any grievous injury to the brain can lead to cerebral palsy. Alcohol consumption, drug abuse and infections in the mother during pregnancy can also lead to cerebral plasy.

There are different types of cerebral palsy and one of them is Athetoid CP. A child who suffers from this particular disorder can be extremely intelligent than even other normal children. While the brain is highly active, teeming with intelligence the body just refuses to move. This is because the muscles in the body of the affected child refuse to conform to any movement because they are just too loose. The child thus does not have vertical stability and finds it difficult to perform simple tasks like even scratching his or her nose, brushing their teeth or even holding apen or spoon in their hands. The child will have to put in extra effort to focus on his or her muscle coordination so that he or she can get it to obey the commands.

A child with athetoid will be making all sorts of gestures on their face, which can be ugly to look at, simply because the poor child has no control over the muscle. Facial contortions, grimaces and drooling are the most common symptoms of this disorder. All kids with this disorder look like they are performing various dance movements when they actually are not. It is because the child’s feet are unable to carry the weight of the child and this causes him or her to keep pulling their legs upwards like a dance movement.

Patients with Athetoid CP will have knees that are bent inwards not allowing them any free movements because they keep touching each other. This will hinder them form walking, sitting or even trying to be upright for a longer period. You will find them collapsing.

What causes this problem, which is unlike other cases of CP? It is the Basal Ganglia, which is present in the midbrain. The Basal Ganglia are specialized structures which help in maintaining the body posture in an individual and helps perform automatic movements like arm swings during walks. Because the Basal Ganglia gets damaged it results in causing fluctuations in muscle tone through out the body of a patient affected by Athetoid Cerebral Palsy. The rapid change in muscle movement from high to low cause the body to become uncontrollable and movements become involuntary. These symptoms normally disappear when the child goes off to sleep.

Athetoid CP can be treated by various methods like providing speech therapy, music and dance therapy, physical therapy, yoga etc to the child. Muscle coordination can be improved tremendously with these therapies.

Tick ​​Borne Encephalitis – Traveller's Guide

What is tick borne encephalitis and how serious can it be?

Tick ​​borne encephalitis is a viral infection that is transmitted by ticks. A tick can get onto your clothes or skin when you brush past plants, such as long grass, shrubs and bushes. The tick embeds its mouthparts into the skin, but may go unnoticed because anaesthetic in its saliva means the bite does not hurt. If an infected tick bites, the encephalitis virus can pass into the bloodstream. Rarely, people also get it from eating or drinking infected, unpasteurised dairy products.

There are three different types of tick borne encephalitis virus found in various parts of the world. All three viruses can cause encephalitis, which is infection and swelling of the brain. Infected ticks are found on forest fringes, grassland, forest glades, riverside meadows, marshland, woods and shrubberies. The danger from tick borne encephalitis varies depending on the season. Ticks are most active in the spring and summer months. A travel health nurse expert can check the risk in the region you are travelling to – at the time you are travelling.

Tick ​​borne encephalitis symptoms?

7-14 days after being bitten, two thirds of people infected will develop symptoms. Phase one symptoms are:

  • Temperature over 38 ° C or 100.4 ° F
  • Headache
  • Muscle ache
  • Nausea

A period of 1-20 days can follow where the person has no symptoms. Some people (approximately one third) then progress to a second phase where there is a sudden rise in temperature, brain and spinal cord problems. Symptoms can include meningitis, swelling of the brain and sometimes paralysis. People over 60 are most at risk of death.

What to do if you are worried that you've got tick borne encephalitis

You should seek immediate medical attention if you notice any of the signs and symptoms.

Following travel health nurse advice

If a travel health nurse has told you that tick borne encephalitis vaccination is recommended for you, there is no doubt that your travel plans put you at risk from tick borne encephalitis.
If they say you should consider the vaccination you need to weigh-up the risk and cost of the vaccine against the potential risk. Many people prefer to take no chances with their health.

Travel health nurse advice is based on:

  • Whether it is a problem in the place you are travelling to
  • Your chance of coming into contact with the disease
  • The medical facilities available if you were to become infected
  • The duration of your stay

All travel vaccination recommendations can change because of disease outbreaks and seasonal variations, but travel health nurses have access to daily updates and are specialists in travel health services.

Ideally, arrange your vaccinations three-four weeks before travel

The recommended tick borne encephalitis vaccination schedule is three vaccinations given over six months. In practice, this is not always practical and a two-dose regime 14-28 days apart can be used. Approximately 90% of people will develop protection against the disease after this two-dose regime.

If you have made your travel plans late and have less than two weeks before you travel, contact your Travel Clinic immediately. They may be able to recommend an alternative, based on the time available.

Tick ​​borne encephalitis protection: summary of action to be taken

  • Get vaccinated, ideally at least 3-4 weeks before you travel
  • Cover skin with thick clothing if you are walking, camping or working in woodland. Use an effective insect repellent
  • Check your skin regularly for attached ticks. Remove them by grasping the mouthparts with tweezers and pull straight out. Take care not to squeeze the body of the tick
  • Do not eat or drink unpasteurised dairy products

Ladies, Do not Fall Into the Bone Mineral Density (BMD) Testing and Osteoporosis Medication Trap

Remember that commercial where the graceful but aging woman is talking about
how she got shorter? And that if you had the same problem you should 'talk to your doctor'.
Well I do not recommend talking to your doctor for any reason unless you are really sick.
But what about my bone mineral density (BMD) test, you protest? What if I have hidden
osteoporosis and my leg snaps off while I am pirouhetting across the skating rink?
The most disabling of fractures occur in the elderly, in the hipbone, specifically
the femoral neck, which is associated with considerable loss of mobility.

More commonly, fractures occur in the vertebral body (bones in your spine), which usually
are not associated with pain; they may cause a bowing of the back, and shortness.
Bone density, or how thick your bones are, is currently tested using a bone mineral density test (BMD).

Normal values ​​for these tests are based on how far off the patient's results are from those of
the average healthy young woman, using something called t scores. However bone density normally declines with age, and therefore there is no reason to think that this is necessarily a cause for concern.

For example, if you are a woman who gets BMD testing and follows the WHO criteria, there is a 50% chance you will be diagnosed with osteoporosis at the age of 72 (t score less than -2.5), and a good chance your doctor will recommend medication treatment. Your risk of having osteopenia (t score less than -1.0), for which your doctor may recommend medication to "prevent" osteoporosis, is 50% by age 52. In other words, according to the guidelines, at least half of postmenopausal women should be taking medication for osteoporosis. And even more women have "osteopenia" (ie loss of bone mineraldensity that is not severe enough to qualify for osteoporosis) and are taking medications to "prevent" osteoporosis. However, recommendations for
so many women to take bone medications do not make any sense.

Osteoporosis is commonly treated with bisphosphonates like Fosamax (alendronate), Actonel (risedronate), Boniva (ibandronate), Didronel (etidronate), Skelid (tiludronate), Aredia (pamidronate), and Zomeda (zoledronate) .Bone turnover is regulated by cells called osteoblasts and osteoclasts. While the osteoblasts are building up bone in area, the osteoclasts are breaking down bone in another. This leads to a balance in normal bone. What the bisphosphonates drugs do is turn off the osteoclasts, so that bone is not broken down, thereby slowing the loss of bone
density with aging. But they also turn off the osteoblasts, so that if there is a fracture, it will not heal. All of the studies have shown that bisphosphonates increase BMD and reduce the risk of
vertebral fracture in women with osteoporosis (t score of less than -2.5). But what is the significance of a vertebral fracture? Vertebral fracture is merely defined as a reduction of the height of the vertebra by 20% on radiological tests like MRI. To have a vertebral fracture defined in this way, you do not have to have pain, change in posture, or anything at all

that would make you aware of any problem. In fact, most of the time the only person who knows you have a vertebral fracture is your radiologist.

What about fractures that matter? Most of the studies, including the Alendronate Phase III Osteoporosis Treatment Study, the Fracture Intervention Trial (FIT), the FOSamax International Trial (FOSIT), and the Vertebral Efficacy with Risedronate Therapy (VERT) studycollectively performed in thousands of women with osteoporosis based on BMD, did not show a reduction in hip fractures, the kind of fracture most clearly associated with lasting disability. In terms of fractures in other parts of the body, referred to collectively as nonvertebral fractures (in places like the clavicle or the wrist) the findings are more mixed, with differing findings depending on whether there is a prior history of fractures and other factors.

The Hip Intervention Program (HIP) Study assessed the effects of three years of risedronate or placebo in 9331 women over age 70 with dramatic losses of bone mineral density (t score less than -4), with -2.5 being regular osteoporosis) or t score less than -3 with a risk factor for hip fracture, like propensity to fall. Overall 2.8% of women on risedronate suffered hip fracture versus 3.9% on placebo, a difference of 1.1% that although statistically significant was not very impressive. In the only study of men to date, bisphosphonates did not prevent painful vertebral fractures or nonvertebral fractures, including fractures of the hip.

And what about treatment beyond three years? The implication of the educational campaigns about osteoporosis is that this is a disease for which you need to be treated for the rest of your life. But is there evidence of added benefit of long-term treatment, or perhaps harm? The studies I reviewed above showed that after five years there is no benefit.

In other words after five years they seem to stop working. How could this be?

Again, bisphosphonates act by inhibiting osteoclasts, the cells that act to break down bone. So although they increase BMD for a few years, in the long run they decrease bone turnover. Animals treated with bisphosphonates have a decrease in bone turnover. Women on alendronate were found to take up to two years to heal after a fracture, and had markedly suppressed bone formation on biopsy. In the long run bisphosphonates may decrease the ability of bones to resist fracture, making bones more brittle. They also are not metabolized, meaning that they bisphosphonates you are taking now will be in your bones for life, resulting in a long term reduction in bone turnover.

This decrease in bone turnover underlies the scariest potential side effect of bisphosphonates: osteonecrosis. Osteonecrosis is a degeneration of the bone in the jaw that may require surgery. Osteonecrosis was seen in "Fossy Jaw" or "Phossy Jaw", which developed in workers in 19th Century match making factories exposed to phosphorus. The phosphorus would get into the bone of the jaw, much like the bisphosphonates do, and stop bone turnover, leading to death of the bone tissue. The outcome was so painful and disfiguring that it sometimes led people to kill themselves.

Although most of the cases of osteonecrosis of the jaw have been reported in patients with bone metastases or myeloma treated with intravenous bisphosphonates, there are now emerging cases in patients who took the medication only for the "prevention of osteoporosis." This shows there are those out there for whom there is little potential benefit and unfortunately much to lose in taking bisphosphonates.

A total of 15 cases of osteonecrosis have been reported with oral alendronate, one with oral risedronate and one with ibandronate, taken for the treatment of osteoporosis or Paget's Disease (a disease of that makes bones weak and fragile).

Bottom line? If you do not have a history of fracture these medications do not help much. Better to exercise and stop smoking– those interventions work better at preventing fractures.

The Emetophobia Cure For a Fear of Vomiting

I wanted to talk to you about the emetophobia cure for a fear of vomiting. A lot of people have not heard of this type of fear, nor do they really see the problem with it. No one enjoys vomiting and if they could, they would rid it from their life. Granted, they don’t have a fear of it, but they still don’t enjoy it. The thing to really focus on here is that this fear is irrational. It invades all aspects of a person’s life and takes over. Emetophobia is often misdiagnosed as agoraphobia, xenophobia or even anti-social. It’s a very disabling problem to have, so this is why I want to talk to you about the emetophobia cure for a fear of vomiting. Vomiting doesn’t just happen. There are many reasons why it could happen. There is spoiled food, uncooked food, unsanitary environment, people with germs, etc. As you can see, this fear can take over a huge portion of their life. Going to a restaurant is out of the question because it’s full of people with germs and food they don’t know is sanitary. Emetophobia sufferers end up closing off from the world and staying in their home because it’s really the only place they can truly control all the variables. When it comes to the emetophobia cure for a fear of vomiting, the word to focus on is controlling all the variables. That is a classic sign of anxiety, which happens to be the root cause of the problem. There is this desire to control all aspects of life and you just can’t do it. The cure is to learn to let go. You can’t possibly control everything and that is okay. That’s what needs to be learned.

Find Out the Popular Tricks Hosting Companies Pull on the Web

Web hosting offers nowadays number in the thousands and so do web hosting scams. Building a website is easy, finding a web host is even easier. Finding a good web host however is a challenge. The problem is compounded by the many hosting scams running around in the internet nowadays.

A search online of web hosting offers will net you several thousand offers, many of which are offering unbelievable benefits to potential clients such as unlimited bandwidth, free disk space, free domain names and what not. It is easy to fall for these offers, particularly because of how much benefit it could bring your website, if they were only true. Unfortunately, they are not.

Take the case of unlimited bandwidth for instance. A little bit of research and good sense will tell you that unlimited bandwidth is just not possible. There is always a limit to bandwidth. When hosting companies offer unlimited bandwidth, what they have really done is to find out the average bandwidth that their customers use and then use that as a measure of how much bandwidth you may use if you become one of their clients.

Free disk space web hosting scams are a bit more obvious. Whenever you see web hosts offering unlimited disk space, check out the fine print. You will find their terms like "certain restrictions applicable". Yes, you can get free disk space, usually around five to ten megabytes. It is those restrictions that you should keep an eye on. Make sure you know what those restrictions actually are before you commit to a deal.

One of the more popular web hosting scams is free domain names. That sounds good until you find out that the address of your website will be something like Not only does that look ugly but it is also destructive to your online efforts. First off, no one is going to remember that website address. Second, those many slashes mean your page rank is going to be so low, you might as well take your site offline. Lastly, people online know that a website with this type of URL is rarely trustworthy and respectable. You are not going to be taken seriously and you might just damage what little reputation you've built up instead.

The above are just three examples of scams in hosting. There are several more so make sure that you remain vigilant in selecting your web host. Always take the time to read the fine print and do the right amount of research before you sign up for a web host. Also, remember that a web hosting deal that sounds too good to be true usually is a web hosting scam.

Shingles Cures

If you find yourself suffering from shingles, or adult chicken pox, as the disease is often known, you're probably suffering from pain, itching, fever, and other symptoms. This means you're probably searching everywhere for a shingles cure. Well, you're in for some bad news: just like chicken pox, there is no shingles cure.

There are, however, several different treatments and medications you can use to shorten the illness and help relieve the pain, itching, and other symptoms. These include antiviral medications that reduce the duration of the illness, some topical creams to relieve the itching and pain, and some pain medications to reduce the fever.

Your doctor should prescribe some antiviral medication once he or she diagnoses you with shingles. Starting on this medication within the first couple of days of seeing shingles will lower your chances of any complications. It's very important to treat shingles as soon as possible because if you do not, the illness can become more serious. The more serious it gets, the more shingles is resistant to treatments. You should take your antiviral medication in conjunction with over the counter pain relievers, corticosteroids, and topical creams. Using all four medications will greatly help reduce the symptoms of shingles.

These initial forms of treatment should be enough to get rid of the infection. However, if you continue to experience pain for a month or so after the rash has gone, you may have postherpetic neuralgia. It can actually result in pain for years, and it affects between ten and fifteen percent of everyone who has shingles. Again, there is no cure for postherpetic neuralgia, but there are treatments, including antidepressant medication, topical creams, anticonvulsant medication, and pain killers like codeine.

If your shingles complications get even worse, your doctor may have to perform surgery or may prescribe more powerful antibiotics and antiviral medication depending on the symptoms.

Internal and External Causes of Stress, What is Stress

Stress’ is a condition which can disturb the normal physical and mental health of an individual. It is defined in Oxford Dictionary as “a state of affair involving demand on physical or mental energy”.

Stress is a regarded as twentieth century syndrome. Modern life Daily hassles and demands, exhausting work schedule and major life events such as a divorce, death, midlife crisis, financial worries, persistent strain of caring for a chronically sick child, nagging health problems or managing a physically or mentally challenged family member can act as potential stressors. A sudden unemployment or lay-off from a job can leave you under tremendous stress.

Stressful depends on various factors, including your personality, problem-solving abilities, and social support system. Stress conditions can be real or just perceived by you. Our brain reacts to both causes of stress by releasing stress hormones equal to the degree of stress felt. The brain cannot differentiate between real and imagined stress. In challenging situations the brain prepares the body for some defensive actions—the fight or flight response by releasing hormones, namely, cortisone and adrenaline. These hormones raise the blood pressure and prepare the body to react according to the situation. It could happen while watching a movie or when one is apprehensive of some imminent danger.

Listing the potential causes of stress is tricky and highly individual. Stress factors react differently from person to person as Extreme stress situations for an individual may prove to be mild for another. Stress symptoms depend partly on the nature of the stressor itself and partly on your own personal and external resources.

Some External causes of stress.

An unsafe neighborhood, pollution, noise, and uncomfortable living conditions can produce a stress situation (flight response) the hormones and chemicals remain unreleased in the blood stream for a long period of time. It results in stress related physical symptoms such as tense muscles, unfocused anxiety, dizziness and increased rate of pulse. For people living in war-torn regions, the stress may be unrelenting.

Relationship demands mental health. Problems with friends and family members are valid causes of stress. Marital disagreements, dysfunctional relationships, rebellious teens, or caring for a chronically-ill family member or a child with special needs compels the mind and body to be in an almost constant alarm-state in preparation to fight or flee. This also can increase the risk of both acute and chronic psychosomatic illnesses and weaken the immune system of the human body.

Pressure at workplaces – In our career-driven society work can be a source of stress. Work stress is caused by things such as job dissatisfaction, insufficient pay, office politics, meeting deadline, and conflicts with co-workers. These factors can trigger stress conditions.

Social situations can cause stress. Poverty, financial pressures, racial and sexual discrimination or harassment, isolation, and a lack of social support all induced adverse feelings and anxieties.

Internal Causes of Stress

Stress can also be self-generated. Internal causes of stress include…Pessimistic attitude, low self-esteem, excessive or unexpressed anger, lack of assertiveness, unrealistic expectations from others and Self-criticism.