How Steroids Build Muscle

We have all heard the stories of athletes and body builders using steroids, also known as performance enhancing drugs, to build muscle and strength. Legal or not, steroids are in demand. Before you consider seeking out a steroid dealer, it is important to know how steroids build muscle. It is also important to know the risk involved with steroid use.

There are two types of steroids, anabolic and catabolic. Anabolic steroids build muscle tissue while catabolic has the opposite effect. Athletes who use steroids are opting for the anabolic type. Anabolic steroids effectively build mass in the muscle by stimulating the body to produce more protein, the building blocks of muscle tissue.

Before you can really know how steroids build muscle, you should know what steroids are. Steroids are in essence lab created hormones made from cholesterol. More specifically, steroids are chemical testosterone. Testosterone is the male sex hormone that determines reproductive and other sex characteristics. Testosterone also plays a part in the muscle formation of a man as well as his strength. Women naturally produce a small amount of testosterone as well, and some female body builders also use steroids to create muscles not typical to a woman's natural physique.

Besides the legalities of using steroids, there are other downfalls as well. Knowing why and how steroids build muscle is only part of the big picture. You also should know the side effects that can result from taking steroids.

Males taking steroids can experience increased testicular growth, thicker and faster growing hair, and can develop a deeper, sexier voice. Great, right? Well, read on for more side effects. Males who take steroids for too long or in high amounts can contract physical conditions like baldness and breast development or the break down of the liver and jaundice. They can also develop psychological problems like depression and extreme aggression and mood swings. Sexual problems like erectile dysfunction and infertility have also been linked to steroid use. So, how steroids build muscle and how steroids affect the rest of your life should be weighed carefully.

Women already know how steroids build muscle mass and can sculpt them to look great at any competition. What they may not be aware of is that too much of a male hormone can cause developmental problems in a fetus if pregnant or soon to become pregnant. They are almost certain to have an effect on the menstrual cycle and could possibly cause infertility. Women will be prone to grow hair on their faces and chests and steroids can deepen the voice, just like in a man. Not so sexy in a woman, though.

Talk to your doctor about how steroids build muscle, and talk to your trainer if your doctor does not convince you to leave them alone. Discuss steroid use with your lawyer, too – just in case. It is true how steroids build muscle, but is it worth it?

Asthma: Word origin, Causes, Allergic asthma, Non-allergic asthma, Pathogenesis, inflammation of the bronchi, Bronchial hyperreactivity


Bronchial asthma (from Greek, “breath” and often simplistic just asthma), and is a chronic, inflammatory disease of the airways with lasting history of hypersensitivity. In vulnerable individuals, the inflammation leads to paroxysmal dyspnea caused by a narrowing of the airways – a so-called bronchial obstruction (definition of the international consensus report). This airway narrowing is caused by increased secretion of mucus, spasm of the bronchial and formation of edema of the bronchial mucosa, it is reversible by treatment regress) (. A variety of stimuli cause the increase of the sensitivity of the airways (bronchial hyperreactivity or hyperresponsiveness) and the associated inflammation. Five percent of adults and seven to ten percent of children suffering from bronchial asthma.

Word origin

Asthma is a 16th-century since the German detectable borrowing from Greek, asthma, which in turn, even morphologically obscure Indo-European from a root word hma with the meaning “breathe” seems to be derived.


causes (etiology) of various shapes

They do not distinguish the allergic (extrinsic) asthma from allergic (intrinsic) asthma. In its pure form, but these occur only in about ten percent of the patients in the majority of hybrids are observed. While more common in children allergic asthma occurs between the ages piled on non-allergic form. Cigarette smoke in the parental home favors asthma. There is also evidence that cultural and civilizational factors, such as certain drugs also promote applications in early childhood asthma.

Allergic asthma

Exogenous allergic asthma is triggered when the appropriate genetic predisposition to atopy by external stimuli (allergenic substances in the environment, called allergens). These immunoglobulins are formed of type E (IgE), the effect will interact with specific allergens, the allergy-causing secretion of neurotransmitters such as histamine, leukotrienes and bradykinin from mast cells. These substances will then trigger the airway constriction. In addition to this immediate response of type I after inhalation of the allergen can occur after 6 to 12 hours for a delayed reaction, which is triggered by the type of immunoglobulin G (IgG). Often, both reactions occur.

For a polygenic inheritance system speaks the observation that children of parents who both suffer from allergic asthma, a disease risk of 60-80%. On the island of Tristan da Cunha half the population suffers from asthma due to family inheritance. Hay fever (), seasonal allergic rhinitis, which like asthma is an inflammatory condition due to allergy to the mucosa of the nasopharyngeal area is, can the lower respiratory tract and then spread to asthma (run “Exchange Floor”). Almost one quarter of these patients  developed this after more than 10 years, a pollen asthma. In addition, at the beginning usually a specific allergen at the center, over the years, however, it is often used to extend the range trigger so that the allergen avoidance for patients and more difficult or even impossible.

There are indications that rural life to protect unborn children against asthma: children of women who had contact with animals during pregnancy, grain and hay to get in later life, rare allergic respiratory and skin diseases. For some protection against these complaints is an ongoing contact with livestock or grain needed.

Non-allergic asthma

The endogenous non-allergic asthma, however, can be caused by other stimuli, infections, mostly respiratory intolerances, medications – so-called analgesics-asthma (a pseudo-reaction to pain medication, mostly nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as aspirin), exposure to poisonous (toxic) or irritating substances (solvents, plasticizers, cold air, food additives, and others), special physical effort and the reflux disease (reflux) are possible causes of stomach acid that form. Some links and other causes have not yet been clarified.

According to a study room sprays and cleaning products for spraying the risk of respiratory symptoms and asthma can increase significantly.


For disease development (pathogenesis) three pathophysiologic processes are characteristic:

inflammation of the bronchi

Allergens or other stimuli trigger an inflammatory response of the bronchial mucosa. This has a central role in asthma. In addition to mast cells and their distributed messenger substances (inflammatory mediators, see above) play eosinophils and T lymphocytes have an important role.

Bronchial hyperreactivity

For most asthmatics can demonstrate nonspecific bronchial hyperreactivity (general respiratory hypersensitivity to stimuli). The hyper-reactivity can often be objectified by the inhalation of irritating substances, such as ) when Methacholintest, histamine test or stress, such as Rennie (through the effort and the cooling of the bronchial tubes in the race, especially in children, or by cold provocation.

Lack of bronchial Cleaning (clearance)

The obstruction is the relocation of the lumen of the airways (reducing the available cross-section) as a result (of mucosal edema fluid in the mucous membrane), or impaired by increased mucus secretion (Hyperkrinie or Dyskrinie) and bronchospasm (constriction of the smooth muscle of the bronchi) . This is the self of the lung to a halt: The secretions can not drain and strengthens his injury to full relocation.

Treatment of Ankle Sprains

One of the most commonly occurring maladies of the lower part of the body is spraining of the ankle. There are many factors which can hurt the body. Some factors such as excessive and rigorous activity and advancing age. You may sprain your ankle when the protective ligaments which secure the joints get stretched in an abnormal manner. This happens when you suddenly twist, turn or fall over the foot. The sprain is considered to be extreme in case the elastic fibers of the tendons get torn.

In case you step over a surface which is uneven you may end up with a sprain. Other reasons could be when you are climbing the stairs or indulging in any form of physical activity. Whenever you indulge in any type of physical activity and you end up twisting your leg then the ligaments get stretched and cause a sprain.

The pain you feel is due to the extent of stretching and tearing which has taken place in the ligament. The pain may be either mild or unbearable. One of the first signs of a sprain is the swelling which occurs. At times patients complain of a popping sound. The area becomes sore and tender and there is a discoloration of the sprained area. The pain becomes unbearable and the patient experiences shooting pain. When the pain becomes very extreme then it means that the entire ligament has torn or the ankle joint has got dislocated. This causes instability in the patient.

In case you feel that you have sprained your leg then you should immediately visit a doctor. The pain and tenderness which is experienced may make the visit and examination process a very painful process. But you need to bear this pain as the doctor will have to check in case the tissue is torn or merely dislocated. With proper medical assistance extreme damage to the joint can be prevented. You need to undergo an MRI scan to find out the extent of the damage. Ankle sprains take time to heal and you need to ensure that they are treated in an appropriate manner. By neglecting this you may make the condition worst and the joint will have to bear the brunt of this. The result will be weak muscles and imbalances which make you more vulnerable to further injuries.

The four point formula to ensure quick healing are rest, ice, compression and elevation. At times the patient may need to walk with the help of crutches because of the unbearable pain and the extreme swelling which occurs. At times when the sprain is very extreme then the patient may have to use removable cast boots or air splints. Generally a sprain takes around a month or so to heal completely. The patient need not use the crutches for a long time. But incase the ligament has torn completely then the patient may have to remain without movement for a very long time to let the sprain heal. Within the first two to three days itself the patient is required to try out some simple movement. By doing this you avoid the muscles from getting stiff. By moving a bit the calf muscles also get flexible and this is very important for the healing process. In extreme cases the treatment may include a surgical process.

By following some simple precautionary measures you can avoid suffering from ankle sprains. You need to maintain a good balance. Never jump into an exercise routine without warm up first. Always wear footwear which is comfortable and supports you. You need to include exercises which will make the ankle the muscles more strong. By taking these steps you will be able to reduce the risk of suffering from a sprain.

Diabetes Medication Can Increase Risk For Broken Bones

Unfortunately, to say diabetes is a difficult disease to live with and treat is an understatement. It can adversely affect almost every part of your body. It can damage the eyes, kidneys, cardiovascular system, nervous system, and other parts of the body. However, did you know even some anti-diabetic medications can affect your body?

If you have diabetes, you may want to be very careful about breaking bones. New research has found that diabetes slows bone healing in mice. Recently, the American Journal of Pathology published an article reporting that the increased production of an inflammatory molecule called TNF may cause bones to heal more slowly and less satisfactorily. In a study done on mice at the Univeristy of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey and Boston School of Medicine, diabetic mice had an increased number of inflammatory molecules, especially, TNF-alpha and a mediater called FOXO1. Apparently, the increase in inflammation molecules caused an increase in osteodasts. Oesteodasts are cells that remove bone and cartilage.

Furthermore, other new research has found that a certain class of anti-diabetic medication called thiazolidinediones (TZDs) also called glitazones may increase the risk of fractures. TZDs are used to treat diabetes II only. The most common TZDs are Actos and Avandia.

At the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicines, colleagues searched through the databases of more than 6 million patients in the United Kingdom over the age of 40 and found that 1,819 patients prescribed TZDs had a bone fracture. After adjusting for the fact that older people are more likely to break bones, they found patients prescribed TZDs were 1.5 times more likely to break a bone. The longer the medication was taken, the more the risk increased.

In addition to this new information, over the years, there has been conflicting information about diabetes and bone density.

Consequently, especially if you have diabetes II and take one of these medications, these are very good reasons to try to lower your blood sugar levels.

Presenting To An Accident And Emergency Department With Abdominal Pain

5% of patients who visit accident and emergency complain of abdominal pain. Of 18% admitted there is actually non-specific abdominal pain. 12% is in the female pelvic area and 12% in the urinary tract. Furthermore, 9% is a gastrointestinal problem and 10% will require surgery.

Abdominal pain is particularly difficult to diagnose in women and the elderly.

Normally pain relief will be withheld until the cause of the pain is identified and a diagnosis is made. Often, however, there are relatively few specific diagnostic tests for abdominal pain, for example there is no specific test for appendicitis.

All too often the patient is told in the accident and emergency that they are suffering from constipation.

It is important for all patients to remember that constipation is not necessarily a diagnosis but a symptom of a condition which should be diagnosed.

It is acceptable to diagnose constipation only if and when other diagnoses have been ruled out.

The competent clinician will consider the following when the patient presents to A & E:-

* The history of the abdominal pain;

* The site of the pain;

* The pain radiating elsewhere;

* The nature of the pain;

* Any aggravating factors;

* Any relieving factors;

* Gastrointestinal symptoms such as anorexia, nausea, vomiting, constipation and diarrhoea; Urinary symptoms;

* Past medical history;

* Alcohol;

* Blood pressure;

* What drugs the patient is on.


The clinician will then make a judgment as to whether the patient appears to be well or ill. He will also ask the patient whether they are still in pain and, if so, at what level. Vital signs will also be checked, namely temperature, blood pressure, pulse, respiratory rate and oxygen saturations. However, it may be the case that all these signs are normal but all is not well. If the patient is still in pain and appears to be ill, a good standard would be to make 4 assessments of the vital signs at intervals to check there has been no deterioration.


The competent clinician will inspect the abdomen and then palpate it. A rectal examination may be made. The standard here should be that only 1 rectal examination is made and by someone who is experienced.


These will include a full blood count looking for normal white cells; amylase which is a marker for pancreatitis; a liver function test and finally venous blood gas including lactate which is a marker of sickness.


These will include:-

* a chest x-ray.

* an abdominal x-ray.

* ultrasound – this is a helpful tool as it shows freed fluid in the abdomen.

* CT scan.

* Angiography.



This accounts for 1% of patients who are admitted with abdominal pain. The symptoms are the pain itself; anorexia, nausea or vomiting; a fever; a tender lower abdomen and a raised white cell count.

Appendicitis is a very difficult condition to diagnose and is commonly missed. Furthermore, the appendix is not always in the same place in a patient. A delayed presentation by the patient is common which can lead to a higher perforation rate if appendicitis is not diagnosed quickly. Only 20% of patients have classic symptoms and signs of appendicitis and abdominal x-rays are not particularly helpful.

Torsion Of The Testis.

The symptoms of this in a male are:-

* Severe abdominal plus genital pain.

* Vomiting.

* Collapse.

* On examination testis swollen and tender.

However, there is a big risk with this condition that the patient is simply given antibiotics and sent home if the symptoms are not classic or severe enough.

Ectopic Pregnancy.

If a female presents to A & E of child bearing age and with abdominal pain the clinician should be ‘thinking ectopic’. This is a serious and life threatening condition if not diagnosed quickly enough. It is often misdiagnosed as a urinary tract infection. The competent clinician will consider the following:-

* The previous history, namely previous ectopic pregnancies and/or pelvic inflammatory disease.

* Classic pain and vaginal bleeding.

* Hypotension.

* Peritonism.

* A positive pregnancy test.

A gynaecological ultrasound will diagnose an ectopic pregnancy. The patient will need immediate intravenous antibiotics followed by surgery.

Elderly Patients. 15% of those patients presenting to A & E are over 65. Of those, 30 to 40% require surgery and the mortality rate is 11 to 14%. Mortality is higher if there is an incorrect diagnosis. The elderly are more often misdiagnosed in A & E than any other group of patients. This can be due to a combination of factors to include communication difficulties; delayed presentation to the A & E department; the elderly minimising their symptoms; complications caused by current medication and other related or unrelated conditions the patient might already be suffering from. Sometimes an elderly patient can actually look well even though there is something seriously wrong with them. Elderly patients have 10x higher mortality compared with younger patients and higher rates of vascular causes of abdominal pain. If in doubt, a cautious clinician will admit an elderly patient for observation.

Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

An abdominal aortic aneurysm is when the large blood vessel that supplies blood to the abdomen, pelvis, and legs becomes abnormally large or balloons outward.

This is a common area of misdiagnosis in up to 30% of patients. The risk factors are as follows:-

* Male.

* Aged 65 or over.

* Family history.

* A smoker.

* Pre-existing arterial disease.

* Hypotension.

* Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

The classic presentation is in a male with abdominal/flank pain.

Other symptoms to look for are shock together with an abdominal mass. There will be retro peritoneal bleeding in up to 90% of cases usually to the left and back pain. However, there may be atypical signs and symptoms which makes diagnosis extremely difficult.

Common misdiagnoses are as follows:-

* Renal colic.

* Pancreatitis.

* Intestinal ischaemia.

* Diverticulitis.

* Cholecystitis.

* Appendicitis.

* Perforated viscus.

* Bowel obstruction.

* Musculoskeletal back pain.

* Acute myocardial infarction.

Fortunately, an ultrasound is 100% sensitive in detecting an abdominal aortic aneurysm. Your doctor will examine your abdomen. The exam also will include an evaluation of pulses and sensation in your legs. The doctor may find:

* Abdominal mass.

* Stiff or rigid abdomen.

* Pulsating sensation in the abdomen.

Mesenteric Ischaemia.

This is where the blood supply to the bowel has been compromised. It is essential to make an early diagnosis but, again, it is difficult to detect. It should always be considered in the elderly with abdominal pain who have additional risk factors. There is mortality of 70% if infarction occurs.

The signs of mesenteric ischaemia are:-

* Abdominal pain.

* Abdominal distension.

* Rectal bleeding.

* Change in mental status.

The absolutely key marker for this condition is the lactate level in the patient. It is a sensitive marker and should always be done as lactate rises early in mesenteric ischaemia although a normal lactate level does not rule out the condition. Serial lactate measurements are recommended rather than just relying on one level which is normal. The next step will be for the patient to have a CT scan followed by surgery or the bowel will infarct and the patient will die.

Chiropractic for Constipation

People who experience constipation are ashamed to be seen by a doctor. They just depend on over-the-counter drugs to get relief; however, recurring symptoms of constipation must not be neglected. The best thing to do is to consult a physician to prevent serious health problems.

Constipation is referred to as irregular movement of bowel. The ideal is to move your bowel 3 times a day or once a day. Moving the bowel must not be difficult. If you are in pain and the bowel is dry and hard, then you are constipated. Individuals who are constipated feel full and experience distress. They feel strained or tense as they try to push their stool out of their system.

What causes constipation?

  • Diet – lack of fiber, intake of refined foods and saturated fats, dairy products, sugar, caffeine and alcohol
  • less water intake
  • less exercise, and
  • issues regarding the nervous system.

How to manage constipation

  • A change in the diet and lifestyle can help a constipated person. His diet must include more fiber, reduce intake of dairy products, eliminate saturated fats and drink more water. He must likewise exercise more.
  • He can take a laxative or a stool softener.
  • He can also take some herbs to help his digestion. He can drink ginger, fennel seed, licorice root or dandelion root tea.
  • He can also submit himself to a chiropractor

How chiropractic help constipation?

  • Chiropractic can help in adjusting the areas that cause bowel movement issues.
  • Inferior spine manipulation. By removing the pressure on the nerve roots that is coming from the spine, chronic constipation can be healed. To explain further, the nerve roots of our celiac ganglion are attached to the lower part of our spine. This area is the nerve core of our stomach, gallbladder, spleen, kidney, liver, small intestine and colon. Constipation results when the nerve roots are strained or stressed.
  • Upper cervical manipulation. Chiropractor also performs manipulations on the upper cervical and cranial bones to deal with the issue of constipation.

Many researches and studies have proven the advantage of chiropractic adjustments to constipated patients. One such study was published in The Journal of Clinical Chiropractic Pediatrics (Vol. 5, No. 1), where superior cervical manipulations healed an infant of his constipation, which was brought about by a broken left clavicle obtained during delivery. This is not the only study conducted. More constipated patients received chiropractic manipulations and were relieved of constipation.

All of these studies proved only one thing – chiropractic adjustments can help a constipated patient to have a normal bowel movement.

Heart Disease Dangers For Women

Heart disease is the main cause of death for women, causing four out of every ten deaths. If you are a woman you are eight times more likely to die from heart disease and stroke than from breast cancer. More women pass away from heart disease than from all types of cancer combined. Roughly as many women die from heart disease and stroke each year as men.

• Women may be more likely to experience uncharacteristic warning signs such as indistinct chest discomfort • Some risk factors such as hormones and diabetes can considerably add to the risk of heart attack amongst women. • Some diagnostic tests and treatments for heart attack may not work as well on women. • In the past, heart disease among women was not treated as aggressively as men and fewer women were referred for treatments such as bypass surgery and balloon angioplasty following a heart attack.

Recognize the warning signs and take action fast!

Learn the indication of heart disease. Learn the signs of heart attack. They are different.

Early warning signs of heart disease in women include:

• Pain or discomfort in the chest that comes on with physical activity and goes away with rest • Shortness of breath, breathlessness, or unusual tiredness with physical activity • Physical activities that used to be easy or normal have become difficult

If you experience any of these feelings, seek medical advice.

Warning signs of heart attack in women

• Vague chest tightness, discomfort, pain or a crushing radiating chest pain • Heaviness, pressure, squeezing, fullness, burning or pain that may begin in the center of the chest and spread to the neck, jaws, and shoulder • Unusual pain that spreads down one or both arms • Shortness of breath, paleness, sweating or weakness • Nausea, vomiting and/or indigestion • Feelings of extreme anxiety, fear and/or denial

If you experience any of these feelings, tell someone right away or call for emergency help.

Back Injuries at Work

It has been calculated that back injuries and back related pain is one of the most frequent affliction in the UK, effecting approximately 4 out of 5 people. Back injuries are also the most common reason for absence from work, costing companies millions of pounds each year due to lost productivity and sick pay.

Although back injuries can occur in a number of ways, from an accident, a fall or lifting something too heavy, one of the most common causes for back injuries and back related pain are incidents that occur in the work place.

Jobs that involve heavy lifting, pushing or pulling, particularly when there is twisting or vibrating of the spine can lead to injury and back pain. Although, an inactive job or desk job may also lead to or contribute to pain, especially if you have poor posture or sit all day in an uncomfortable chair.

If you suffer a back injury at work, it should be reported immediately to your employer and medical treatment should be sought. In most cases the pain usually goes away without treatment, with the aid of pain medication and rest. However, sometimes, the injury may require physiotherapy treatment or in more serious cases, an operation may be necessary.

Back injuries can encompass a wide range of conditions such as strains and soft tissue injuries, disturbance of ligaments and muscles, to more serious conditions such as injuries requiring spinal fusion. Back pain can be categorised as either acute or chronic pain. If pain hits you suddenly, as usually occurs when a person falls or trips, or lifts something too heavy, it is likely to be classed as acute pain. Acute pain often comes and goes quickly and symptoms are generally not expected to last longer than 6 weeks. For back pain to be considered as chronic, the pain has to last longer than 3 months.

Common thoughts on back injuries are that they are usually a result of incorrect lifting methods and posture. Therefore, if employers require employees to lift or move heavy objects, they should carry out a risk assessment, taking into account, the working environment, the capabilities of the individual, the nature of the job and the type of load being carried. If the risk assessment highlights a potential risk, then employers are expected to offer training when an employee starts work in an attempt to avoid a back injury occurring.

Heart Disease Dangers For Women

Heart disease is the main cause of death for women, causing four out of every ten deaths. If you are a woman you are eight times more likely to die from heart disease and stroke than from breast cancer. More women pass away from heart disease than from all types of cancer combined. Roughly as many women die from heart disease and stroke each year as men.

• Women may be more likely to experience uncharacteristic warning signs such as indistinct chest discomfort • Some risk factors such as hormones and diabetes can considerably add to the risk of heart attack amongst women. • Some diagnostic tests and treatments for heart attack may not work as well on women. • In the past, heart disease among women was not treated as aggressively as men and fewer women were referred for treatments such as bypass surgery and balloon angioplasty following a heart attack.

Recognize the warning signs and take action fast!

Learn the indication of heart disease. Learn the signs of heart attack. They are different.

Early warning signs of heart disease in women include:

• Pain or discomfort in the chest that comes on with physical activity and goes away with rest • Shortness of breath, breathlessness, or unusual tiredness with physical activity • Physical activities that used to be easy or normal have become difficult

If you experience any of these feelings, seek medical advice.

Warning signs of heart attack in women

• Vague chest tightness, discomfort, pain or a crushing radiating chest pain • Heaviness, pressure, squeezing, fullness, burning or pain that may begin in the center of the chest and spread to the neck, jaws, and shoulder • Unusual pain that spreads down one or both arms • Shortness of breath, paleness, sweating or weakness • Nausea, vomiting and/or indigestion • Feelings of extreme anxiety, fear and/or denial

If you experience any of these feelings, tell someone right away or call for emergency help.

Should I Buy a Desktop or Laptop?

A common question people are having these days is if they should purchase the very common desktop computer, or should they go for the portability of a notebook (laptop) computer. The answer to that question depends heavily on the person who’s in the market for the computer. The questions you should ask yourself before choosing is…

  • What are you going to be using the computer for?
  • How often do you travel?
  • Would you ever like to add or manipulate internal components of your computer?
  • Do you have, or plan to have a lot of peripherals (external components such as printers, web cam, etc.)?

These are just some basic questions you should ask yourself before choosing between a desktop or laptop. Let’s look at the differences between the two.

A desktop is a stationary machine. Which means that it is not meant to be moved around a lot, it’s designed to stay in one spot. That one spot is usually on a desk (hints the name desktop), or some type of table top. Because desktops are stationary and they have more bulky parts to them which come standard such as the stand-alone monitor, the tower or enclosure which holds the internal components of the computer, and the keyboard and mouse.

Because the desktops’ enclosure are so roomy, they can generally house components such as multiple memory modules, multiple hard disks, multiple processors, etc. The increasing size of hard disks these days are virtually endless. The size of a typical hard disk for a desktop can range anywhere between 60 GB – 300 GB but can go much higher. Desktop enclosures usually contain multiple drive bays that allow you to expand you storage space by adding additional hard disks to your system. The desktop’s memory size is usually anywhere between 256 MB – 4 GB and can be expandable. Today’s system boards (motherboards) usually contain expandable memory slots for adding additional RAM to your system also. Another reason desktops will not be going out of style anytime soon is because of the ease of customization.

A lot of people build there own desktops by simply buying the components and putting it together their selves. has a great article on how to build your own desktop. The main reason people build their own desktops is because they want it to do exactly what they want it to do. When you build your own system you have complete control over what goes into your computer and you don’t have anything in it you don’t put in it.

Shopping for a computer in a store is like shopping for house. You are looking for a house with this many rooms, this many bathrooms, a patio, glass sliding doors, basement, winery, catwalk, etc. It may take you a while to find that dream house, that’s why many people opt to build their own homes from scratch, making sure that they get that dream house and everything they want in it. Same idea with computer building. Some people, especially gamers, want that perfect machine and the only way they will get it is to build it their selves.

Laptops (or notebooks) on the other hand were designed for one reason only, and that’s portability. Unlike desktops, laptops can be toted around pretty much anywhere. They can be used as a portable DVD player for entertainment on a plane. Laptops are great for giving a presentation to your co-workers at the job. They are also preferred by people who just don’t like sitting at a desk, they would rather lay across their bed or sit comfortably on their couch while they surf the web. Laptops come with just one major unit in the box which is the notebook computer itself. The monitor, keyboard, mouse pad, and all internal components are built-in to one incredibly small unit which can sit easily in a user’s lap (hints the name laptop). For the compact nature of this system usually comes a steeper price than of a desktop. Laptops can do just about everything a desktop can do with minor limitations.

First of all, laptops generally come with about 4-6 usb ports, so if at any given time you need a web cam, external mouse, usb printer, mic, external hard drive, external floppy drive, 3 flash drives, usb memory card reader, and a usb wireless adapter all connected at the same time, then you’re probably not going to enjoy having all of those cables going everywhere, especially since your going to need an external usb hub to seat all those extra usb devices. Laptop’s internal hard disk’s are usually anywhere between 40 GB – 200 GB in size and can be bigger but not likely. Laptops do not have expansion bays for adding additional internal hard disks, but you can purchase storage volumes in the form of a pc card which can be used through the card slot of a laptop. There are also external hard drives flash drives, memory cards that can be purchased to increase storage space. Memory (RAM) in laptops range anywhere between 256 MB – 2 GB and can go higher. In some laptops the memory is expandable, but expanding memory is notebooks is just not as common and in desktops.

The downfall to laptops for the picky consumer is the fact that they can’t be built. You can’t just go out and buy a laptop enclosure and components and put together a laptop. This is a problem not just for people that like that customization, but when there is a problem with an internal component, the problem generally can only be fixed by the OEM (Original Equipment Manufacturer).

In Conclusion, neither a desktop nor laptop is better than the other, it’s all about what purpose it is going to serve for the user. How portable you need it to be, what you are going to be using it for, and do you plan to do any internal upgrades or customizations are the main questions you should ask yourself before choosing which system to opt for.

The Healing Process of the Sciatica Nerve

When it comes to the healing process of the sciatic nerve, it is no different to the healing process of any other structure in your body – If you give it the correct conditions to heal itself, it will!

If you ever cut yourself or pull a muscle, your body will immediately strive to heal this injury. This is because the body has an innate desire to heal itself of any injury it has suffered, the sciatic nerve is not excluded form this process.

The problem with regards to sciatica (& Low Back Pain for that matter) is that it can be very difficult to provide the body with the optimum conditions to heal itself.

Let’s use a simple cut as an example…

Were you to cut yourself, straight away the blood would start to form a scab and the scab itself would get stronger with time until eventually the scab is replaced with scar tissue – the body’s fantastic healing process at work.

However, let’s say that as the scab is healing, you continue to pick or scratch at it! You know for a fact that bleeding will occur (because there has been a re-injury) and therefore the healing process has been interfered with which means the healing process itself will take longer to complete. It is for the same reason that a cut on your elbow or finger joint takes a lot longer to heal.

Well, the sciatic nerve is no different…

If you are performing specific activities which continue to place inappropriate stresses across the sciatic nerve, you will be interfering with the healing process just as you would be when scratching a scab. Therefore your sciatica will take a lot longer to heal, or maybe even get worse if the stresses are too severe. The aim is to discover and then temporarily avoid or modify these stressful activities, as this will allow the body to continue to do what it always strives to do, heal itself.

Equally important is the need to provide the sciatic nerve with optimum healing conditions…

Once again, using the cut and subsequent scab as an example, as soon as you provide the cut with optimum healing conditions, it begins to heal itself. This is exactly what you need to do with the sciatic nerve. Only this time, when you have discovered what the best activities/positions it is that the sciatic nerve likes, you need to encourage these little and often throughout the day.

The reason for this is because the sciatic nerve is formed from nerve roots which leave the lower back. Everything we do, be it sitting down, standing up, walking, bending etc. places increased stress across the lower back and therefore the sciatic nerve. Unfortunately, this usually means it is not so easy to identify the easing factors, but fairly straight forward to identify the aggravating ones!

However, it is not an impossible task. If you can identify both the aggravating and easing factors for your sciatica and then take appropriate action, your sciatic nerve will begin to heal itself.

This, coupled with an appropriate but simple exercise programme, will result in the sciatica you are suffering with resolving and you leading a life free of pain.


A granuloma is a little area of inflammation in tissue due to injury, such as from an infection. Granulomas most frequently arise in the lungs but can occur in other parts of the body as fit. Typically, a granuloma encompasses only a tiny part of the tissue. For the most part, a person with a granuloma does not experience any signs or symptoms. Granulomas can be caused by a variety of biologic, chemical and physical irritants of tissue. The most common cause of granuloma is histoplasmosis, a fungal infection that primarily affects the lungs. Most people with pulmonary histoplasmosis never suspect that they have the disease.

Granulomas due to histoplasmosis are usually visible on X-rays because they become calcified and have the same density as bone. Other conditions associated with a granuloma formation include berylliosis, syphilis, sarcoidosis, Cohn’s disease, tuberculosis, Churg-Strauss syndrome, and Wegener’s granulomatosis. The granuloma that forms as the result of these conditions is generally a calcified granuloma. This type of granuloma contains deposits of calcium and usually takes time to develop. Therefore, most granulomas have been present in the body for a very long time before they are identified.

The other type of granuloma is granuloma inguinale, which is a bacterial infection of the genital area. This type of granuloma is caused by bacteria called Calymmatobacterium granulomatis and mostly affects individuals living in tropical and subtropical regions. This sexually transmitted form of granuloma affects men more frequently than women, particularly homosexual males. An individual with granuloma inguinale develops blisters or lumps in the genital region, which ultimately become open sores. It takes about 80 years after exposure for granuloma inguinale to increase into open sores.

Granulomas themselves characteristically cause no symptoms. The liver may extend slightly, and mild jaundice may grow. Other symptoms, if they develop, effect from the disorder causing the granulomas. Granulomas caused by sarcoidosis may vanish spontaneously or persist for years with out causing any noticeable symptoms. It is necessary for granuloma inguinale to be treated immediately, as it can cause a great contract of damage to the genitals and can spread to other areas of the body. Sometimes corticosteroids are used to treat granuloma, but whether they stop the disorder from progressing is uncertain.

Cancer – Treatment

Cancer is a class of animal disease, medically know as malignant neoplasm, wherein a cluster of cells show unrestrained growth ie division beyond the normal limit, intrusion and damage of tissues adjacent to them and spread (via blood or lymph) to other places. This malady is not restricted to just homosapiens but can even affect animals.
Reportedly, 7.6 million people died from cancer in the previous year.

In most of the cases, cancer is identified due to symptoms and its diagnosis is usually confirmed by a pathologist, who is a type of physician specializing in diagnosis of cancer. Suspected people are usually investigated with medical tests like blood test, X-rays, CT scan and endoscopy.

There are various methods for Cancer treatments such as surgery, immunotherapy, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and various other methods. The type of method employed depends on the patient's general health and the location and the stage of the tumour spread.
Complete surgical excision is possible in very few cases since the cancerous tissues usually metastasizes to other places in the patient's body before the surgery. Masectomy is the surgical treatment used for treating breast cancer while for prostate cancer, prostatectomy is used. The aim of carrying out the surgery is to remove the tumour or if required the entire affected organ, which is however unfortunately limited to very few cases of small cancer.

Radiation therapy is also known as radiotherapy. It uses ionizing radiation for killing cancerous cells and shrinking the tumors. It damages the genetic material of the cells thereby preventing them from replicating further. The drawback of this methodology of remedial is that it often damages the normal cells in addition to the harmful ones. Though, in most cases the normal ones recover and re-function properly, it leads to permanent damage in some. It is used in treating brain cancer, breast cancer, lung cancer and also cancer of the skin, prostate, uterus, stomach, or pancreas. Even lymphoma and leukemia can be treated by radiation.

Cancer can also be treated by Chemotherapy which involves use of drugs which destroy rapidly dividing cells. It interferes in various ways with division of cells and has the potential of harming healthy tissues. However after Chemotherapy these healthy cells repair themselves. High dose Chemotherapy is used for treatment of certain lymphomas and leukaemias.

Targeted Therapy is another medium for cure which employs certain agents which are specific for the cancer cells' deregulated protein. It also involves small peptides which bind to the surface cell receptors surrounding the tumour.

Some cancer growth can be checked by either injecting or obstructing certain hormones. Some hormone sensitive cancers are breast and prostate cancer. Removing estrogen or testosterone is also often used as an additional treatment.

Controlling cancer symptoms is not a stereotypical form of treatment aimed at cancer, but it also determines the standard of life of the victims of cancer, and plays a pivotal role in deciding whether the person would be able to undertake other treatments.

What Do Tonsil Stones Smell Like?

Persons suffering from tonsil stones are the best persons to enquire about what do diseases smell like. But not all might know about it as the smell emanates from the diseases only when they get broken or burst. People who know about what do diseases smell like would also want to know why do they smell like that? To know more information about the smell of diseases it is necessary to know what are they and what are they composed of?

Tonsil stones are white or off white colored lumps found in the sides of the throat. They are also known as tonsilloliths which is capable of producing bad breath similar to death odour. They are composed of calcium salts which get lodged in the tonsil crevasses along with various other substances like trap food, bacteria, nasal drips and so on. The trapped food helps in the breeding of bacteria. These bacteria are most often anaerobic in nature which means they grow well in environments that have very less amounts of oxygen. And these bacteria are said to be the main culprits for producing bad breath in people.

It is hard to count the number of people suffering from diseases as some might not be aware of the fact that they are suffering from them. Not all might require surgical procedure to get rid of diseases as they are not that dangerous to life. But the bad breath can make the sufferers very uncomfortable that they might want to get rid of diseases as soon as possible. Due to the advancements in the technology, diseases can be easily removed without complicated surgical procedure by administering nasal sinus drops and active oxygen tablets. Some time even oxygenating sprays can be used to neutralize anaerobic bacteria. Now there are also oxygenating mouthwash and toothpaste available to get rid of diseases.

Water piks can also be used to remove or dislodge diseases from the mouth. Gargling salt water is not only simple but also very effective in getting rid of diseases but it should be done continuously for many days to get desired results. One cannot be very sure about the removal of diseases through these techniques but can be tried as they do not do any harm. Q-tips are also known to extract diseases from tonsils or crypts but they might only dislodge them and might not remove them permanently.

Home Remedies for Curing Tonsil Stones

Tonsillectomy not only can lead to various health problems later but also does not come at a cheaper price. The surgery can also hinder day to day activities for some time. Hence, it is avoided most often. In fact, there are natural and scientifically proven ways to get rid of tonsil stones so they never return. It’s absolutely not necessary to go for a long, drawn out surgery or wasting your money on expensive nasal sprays and tablets. Follow a step-by-step program that will show you exactly how to get rid of your tonsil stones naturally and ensure they never come back! You can learn more about the program that promises a natural cure for tonsil stones from []

Epulis – Mouth/Oral Tumor In Dogs

Epulis is the most common type of benign or non-cancerous tumor in dog’s mouth. A benign tumor is one that does not spread to other parts of the body. However, an epulis can be “locally invasive,” which means that it can grow into the tissues surrounding its initial location. This tumor of the periodontal ligament, which is the structure that holds the dog’s tooth in place. Epulides are the most common benign oral tumors in dogs; cats rarely have benign oral tumors. These tumors occur in dogs of any age, but they are generally found in middle-age dogs over six years old.

Epulides have three types and are recognized, grouped by tissue origin. The first is Fibromatous Epulis, they are pedunculated (on a stalk or stem) and non-ulcerating (no interruptions on the outside of the growth). Fibromatous is the most common non-cancerous oral tumor of dogs. These firm, pink tumors arise from the gums. Even a non-cancerous, Fibromatous may become quite large and completely envelop one or more teeth. also may not be possible to tell whether an oral tumor is an epulis or one of the less common, malignant tumors that may occur in the mouth. These growths may become inflamed and ulcerated, causing pain on chewing. They are most common in dogs over 8 years of age.

Other types of Epulis are Ossifying Epulis and Acanthomatous Epulis. Ossifying Epulis includes fibruous tissue and also contains bone cells and these may transform into a cancerous tumors. Ossifying has a greater abundance of hard tissue, osteoid, bone and cementum than fibromatous epulides. Fibromatous and ossifying epulides are now considered to be peripheral odontogenic fibromas, while Acanthomatous epulis is now called canine peripheral ameloblastoma or canine acanthomatous ameloblastoma. Acanthomatous (also called Oral Adamantinoma) is a locally invasive, sometimes recurrent, tumor of the gums of dogs and sometimes cats. These routinely aggressively invade local tissues including bone and they generally do not metastasize, but due to their locally aggressive nature surgical excision must include a full 1-cm margin of clinically normal tissue to prevent recurrence.

An epulis is usually first noticed as a growth on the gum line of the dog’s mouth. In rare cases, teeth may be moved from their normal position because of the growth of the epulis. Your pet is initially unaffected by the epulis. However, if the growth becomes large, it could bleed, cause problems with eating, or affect the teeth or jawbone. An epulis is treated by surgically removing it, including a broad margin around the growth. Sometimes, especially with larger tumors, teeth adjacent to the epulis have to be removed. In other cases, portions of the jawbone may need to be removed to cure the condition, for if a portion remains, it will often regrow. Radiation treatment is sometimes used in addition to or instead of surgery for treating large tumors. The prognosis is good if the entire epulis can be removed, so it’s best to avoid delay of surgery that would allow the epulis to grow. After surgical removal, the prognosis can be very good depending on the type of epulis removed. A subtype of epulis called an “acanthomatous” epulis can cause more bone problems than the other types, and can be more difficult to completely remove.