3 Guaranteed Proven Treatments For Treating Sinus Infections

Their are many ways to treat a sinus infection that you can do all on your own. Sure their is nothing wrong with going to the doctor, but I have discovered 3 effective treatments for treating sinus infection that works very well.

The treatments that I am about to share with you, will clear up the worst of you sinus infection symptoms such as:

– headaches

– fever

– nasal discharges(that think greenish yellowish stuff)

– pain and pressure around your eyes and nose

If you have been to the doctor and are still suffering with these symptoms, I have the solutions for you. I too used to suffer with them constantly for what seemed like forever.

Today I happy to share with you some of the most effective treatments that I used for help with treating sinus infection.

1. Stay away from foods that when eaten stimulate the production of mucus. To cure your sinus infection you have to get rid of that mucus. Their for you should follow a proper diet and avoid foods such as:

– milk, ice cream, alcohol, and foods that are high in sugar

2. Take a hot shower everyday. If you inhale the steam it should relieve your congestion and reduce the swelling of your sinuses. The steam will also thin mucus.. Also you can apply a war hot compress on the site of the infection to help drain mucus.

3. Avoid sodas and iced drinks. Diet sodas are okay because they have less sugar. Instead grab yourself a bottle of water, Gatorade, or Powerade. These will thin mucus and keep you and your sinuses hydrated and moist at the same time.

– your sinuses will be much less aggravated drinking these types of liquids

If you have been to the doctor, taken antibiotics, and just about tried everything these are great alternatives for treating sinus infection.

Have you been suffering forever ever with the same symptoms? The treatments here really work.

They worked for me and a few other people that I know, their is no reason that it should not work for you.

Toxic Mold and Weight Gain

The most common toxic mold health problems involve the respiratory system. A person who has accidentally breathed in spores from ordinary mold may experience coughing, wheezing, a running nose, fever, headaches, and fatigue. He may also acquire a rash plus a mild irritation of the eyes.

Someone who has been exposed to toxic mold, however, may have more serious complaints. It’s not unlikely that a person could suffer from memory loss, mood disorders, and damage to the nervous system in cases of long-term exposure.

There are even reports linking toxic mold to weight gain and weight loss problems, and now scientists may be able to present the factors supporting the unusual link.

How toxic mold affects the digestive system

When spores of the toxic mold enter our body, they immediately act on healthy cells and destroy them. And because the respiratory system, through which mold spores pass, is related to the digestive system, it’s highly possible that toxic mold spores can find their way into the digestive tract.

Mold can destroy the lining of our stomachs and prevents the healthy functioning of the system, interfering with various digestive processes and weakening the organs.

The immediate results of this infection is diarrhea and vomiting, as our bodies instinctively try to eject the harmful toxin. But there have also been cases of people suddenly gaining or losing weight after exposure to toxic mold.

Ever heard of the toxic or sick building syndrome?

The sick building syndrome (SBS) has been defined as a collection of symptoms related to a person’s residence or workplace. Its cause has been attributed to poor ventilation systems (which includes flaws in airconditioning and heating) in both old and new buildings.

When a building is poorly ventilated, noxious fumes and toxins from contaminants cannot escape. Instead, they are trapped inside the building, multiplying and moving around from one room to another.

There are a host of reasons for the sick building syndrome. Aside from poor ventilation, it may also be due to the presence of poisonous volatile compounds, a lack of sufficient air filtration, and of course, molds.

Weight gain and toxic mold infection

Exposure to toxic mold brings about not just health problems with the respiratory system but can also cause psychological issues. This is not surprising because the nervous system is also affected by this deadly toxic mold.

Mood swings and depression have been reported and these may be the reasons why people resort to binge-eating or to starving themselves. Thus, regardless weight gain or weight loss, you should never eliminate toxic mold as one of the probable causes.

And to make sure that the symptoms won’t get worse or recur, the place where the mold originates should be thoroughly cleaned and disinfected.

Chest pain

Chest pain is discomfort or pain that you feel anywhere along the front of your body between your neck and upper abdomen.

Chest pain is one of the most common reasons people call for emergency medical help. Every year emergency room doctors evaluate and treat millions of people for chest pain.

Fortunately, chest pain doesn’t always signal a heart attack. Often chest pain is unrelated to any heart problem. But even if the chest pain you experience has nothing to do with your cardiovascular system, the problem may still be important — and worth the time spent in an emergency room for evaluation.

Type of Causes

Cardiac causes
Digestive causes
Musculoskeletal causes
Respiratory causes
Other causes

# Panic attack. If you experience periods of intense fear accompanied by chest pain, rapid heartbeat, rapid breathing (hyperventilation), profuse sweating and shortness of breath, you may be experiencing a panic attack — a form of anxiety.

# Shingles. This infection of the nerves caused by the chickenpox virus can produce pain and a band of blisters from your back around to your chest wall.

# Cancer. Rarely, cancer involving the chest or cancer that has spread from another part of the body can cause chest pain.

* severe pressure, fullness, squeezing, pain and/or discomfort in the center of the chest that lasts for more than a few minutes
* pain or discomfort that spreads to the shoulders, neck, arms, or jaw
* chest pain that increases in intensity
* chest pain that is not relieved by rest or by taking nitroglycerin
* chest pain that occurs with any/all of the following (additional) symptoms:
o sweating, cool, clammy skin, and/or paleness
o shortness of breath
o nausea or vomiting
o dizziness or fainting
o unexplained weakness or fatigue
o rapid or irregular pulse

Although chest pain is the key warning sign of a heart attack, it may be confused with indigestion, pleurisy, pneumonia, or other disorders.

Seek Treatment if you experience

* Sudden crushing, squeezing, tightening, or pressure in your chest.
* Nausea, dizziness, sweating, a racing heart, or shortness of breath.
* They know they have angina and their chest discomfort is suddenly more intense, brought on by lighter activity, or lasts longer than usual.
* Angina symptoms occur at rest.
* They have sudden sharp chest pain with shortness of breath, especially after a long trip, a stretch of bedrest (for example, following an operation), or other lack of movement that can lead to formation of a blood clot in the leg.
* Chest-wall pain persists for longer than 3 to 5 days.

A person’s risk of heart attack is higher if they have a family history of heart disease, smoke or use cocaine, have high cholesterol, high blood pressure, or diabetes.


Make healthy lifestyle choices to prevent chest pain from heart disease:

* Achieve and maintain normal weight.
* Control high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and diabetes.
* Avoid cigarette smoking and secondhand smoke.
* Eat a diet low in saturated and hydrogenated fats and cholesterol, and high in starches, fiber, fruits, and vegetables.
* Get at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity exercise on most days of the week.
* Reduce stress.

All About Menopause

Menopause and Climacteric

Definition. Menopause refers to final cessation of menstruation while climacteric means the period at which the woman gradually changes from the reproductive life into one of senescence. Meno¬pause is also referred by the laity as ‘the change of life’. However both the terms are often synonymously used, menopause being the popular term used. These are physiological processes due to cessa¬tion of ovarian follicular function.

Aetiology. Menopause occurs as result of exhaustion of eggs from ovarian follicles and Consequent oestrogen deprivation.

Physiological Changes in Climacteric or Menopause and Post menopausal age.

Genital. Progressive atrophy of genital organs occurs with more and more deposition of fibrous tissue in them.

Ovary. They go small (5 gm. each), fibrotic with furrowed surface, Follicles get exhausted. Ovarian Vessels become sclerosed. Cortical stromal hyperplasia is a frequent finding due to high LH level in women aged 40¬46 years. Ovarian stroma becomes a source of small amount of androgens.

Fallopian tubes shrink with diminished mortility.

Uterus becomes small and fibrotic due to atrophy of muscle. Endometrium becomes thin and atrophic (senile). In some women, endometrial. hyperplasia may occur after menopause as a result of constant oestrone stimulation. Cervix atrophies and flushes with the vaginal vault. Cervical secretion becomes scant, thick and later 4isappears. The vaginal epithelium atrophies with loss of rugosity. Vaginal smear shows atrophic changes. Vagina contracts with shallowness of the fornices. Vulva gradually atrophies with narrowing of the introitus : pelvic cellular tissue becomes gradually lax.

Secondary sex characteristics. Breasts show gradual atrophy of the glandular tissue resulting in flabbynes. These become pendulous due to deposition of fat around. Pubic and axillary hair becomes sparse.

Physical. Body weight decreases after 65 years. There is decrease in cell mass of organs. Skin wrinkles, becomes less elastic with hair appearing on face. Subcutaneous fat deposition. occurs on the hip and thighs. Height diminishes postraenopausally after 65 years. Kyphosis may develop due to spinal osteoporosis.

Metabolic. Osteoporosis occurs as a result of oestrogen deprivation. Reduction in trabecular bone (collagen matrix) (Osteoblasts) and Calcium leads to oestrogen deprived Osteoporosis. Premenopausally woman is protected against ischaernic heart disease due to high HDL and low LDL cholesterol. The latter rises postmenopause, thus incidence of ischaernic heart disease also rises. Premature menopause natural or by oophorectomy suffers from increased risk of cardiovascular diseases (cardiac and cerebral stroke) and osteoporosis.

Digestive. Hypochlorhydria develops. Motor activity of entire alimentary tract diminishes resulting in dyspepsia and constipation in postmenopausal women. Bladder and urethral epithelia atrophy.

Psychosexual. Emotional upsets are common. At menopause sex urge may increase. After 60 years, sex urge wanes as an aging process.

Endocrinal. There is gonadal failure at menopause. Plasma Oestradiol level falls, oestrone remains normal, ovarian stroma however, produces andostenedione. Extraglandular conversion of androstenedione to oestrone occurs in fatty tissue. Postmenopausally, adrenal cortex becomes the source of oestrone derived from androstenedione. Oestrone becomes the predominating oestrogen after menopause. Postmenopausal daily oestrone formation has been estimated as 15 100 gg/day (Mac Donald et al, 1973) and serum level at 30 70 pg/ml. Progesterone secretion ceases from the ovary due to failure of ovulation. Total urinary oestrogen level falls to about 6 Pg1 24 hours at the postmenopausal period. Androstenedione level mostly from adrenal cortex, little . from ovary comes to one half that seen prior to menopause. Testosterone level does not appreciably fall because postmenopause ovary secretes more testosterone.

Pituitary gonadotrophins. FHS and LH are secreted in increasing amount due to the absence of negative feed back control by the ovarian steroids. LH ovulatory surge disappears, the mean basal serum menopausal gonadotrophin levels are in the range of 50 150 rn LU/ml FSH and 50 100 m IU/ml LH. FSH level is 15 times higher than premenopausal level by 3 5 years after menopause while LH level is increased 3 fold. Prolactin level falls.

Timing. The process of climacteric may gradually start 2 3 years before menopause but may continue 2 5 years after it. The age at which menopause occurs varies widely from 40 to 55 years with mean age of about 47 years. Genetic makeup, race and climate influence age of menopause. Women of tropics get earlier menopause than those in colder climate. Some believe that the early the menarche starts, the later would be the menopause while late coming of the menarche is associated with early menopause. Early or delayed menopause is considered when menopause happens before 35 years or after 55 years respectively. Early menopause may be due to ovarian failure, oophorectomy or ovarian irradiation.

Delayed menopause is usually due to some pelvic pathology like uterine fibroid or in association with disease e.g., diabetes mellitus.

Clinical Features of Menopause and climacteric

Menstrual Symptoms. This occurs in forms of (a) progressive scanty menstrual loss followed by cessation of menses, (b) menses at prolonged intervals finally ceasing, (c) sudden cessation of menses. Prior to menopause menstrual cycles become anovulatory. Any excessive menstrual loss or irregular haemorrhage is not menopausal as in commonly believed by lay public but is due to some pelvic pathology.

Other symptoms. Most women remain asymptomatic. They adapt nicely the physiological changes of menopause. Some may have mild symptoms of putting on weight, joint pains, increase of sex desire followed by its gradual decrease.

Signs. The following signs appear gradually in a normal woman in the menopausal period and thereafter.

1. General signs. Increase in weight, deposition of fat on the hip, buttocks, around breasts. Breasts are examined.

2. Genital signs.

Vulva. Progressive atrophy with scanty hair with narrowing of the vaginal introitus.

Vagina. This becomes narrow with ‘tenting’ of vaginal vault,, thinning of mucous membrane and 18ss of rugae.

Cervix. Portio vaginalis atrophies and gets flushed with vaginal vault.

Uterus. Body is felt small and hard.

Adnexae. Ovaries become impalpable.

Diagnosis. This can be made from clinical features aided by atrophic vaginal smear and elevated serum FSH level of 50 mIU/ml and above. Elevated plasma LH level is less helpful. Urinary or serum oestrogen level shows value similar to follicular phase and thus less reliable for diagnosis.

Differential Diagnosis. Stoppage of menses due to menopause may be simulated by that due to pseudocyesis or pregnancy.

Treatment. Psychotherapy. Explanations for the condition and reassurances are to be given to the woman passing through climacteric when seeking advice for cessation of menses. Improvement of health by dietetic adjustment, adequate rest and exercise and regular evacuation of bowel are to be ensured. For sleep disturbance, diazepam (Valium) 5 mg. or Lorazepam 1 or 2 mg. is taken orally at bed time.

Menopausal or Climacteric Syndrome

Menopausal Syndrome refers to group of symptoms that are experienced by some women during climacteric. Hot flushes (vasomotor instability symptom) that last for one year in 80% are characteristic of menopausal syndrome. It diminishes of its own by 3 4 years. The cause of hot flush is unclear but follows oestrogen withdrawal in women with poor vascular control. Rise of hypothalamic endorphin is implicated. It is experienced by, 25% women with psychological background, particularly following oophorectomy or ovarian irradiation at younger age.

Flush depends on rate of oestrogen loss and extragonadal oestrone formation. The body gradually adjusts itself to natural decline of oestrogen and flushes gradually pass off.

Symptoms. These appear as follows: vasomotor and other symptoms usually follow but even precede cessation of menses.

1. Menstrual. Menses stop as already described under menopause. A proportion of premenopausal women come with emotional symptoms, loss of libido and dry vagina during intercourse, Hot flushes and sweats are complained with scanty and delayed menses by some women.

2. Vasomotor. ‘Hot flushes’ (feeling of warmth) due to cutaneous vasodilatation are commonly experienced by these, women on the face and neck spreading all over the body; this feeling of heat may be followed by sweating. They may come once a day but sometimes every hour; they come particularly at night. These are characteristic manifestations of menopausal syndrome.

3. Emotional. This is manifested by headache, irritability, sleeplessness, giddiness, fatigue, depression, palpitation. There may be sensations of ‘pins and needles’ in the sole and palm. Disturbed sleep can be due to hot flushes and sweats.

4. Sexual. These are decreased libido and dyspareunia due to atrophic vaginitis and lack of vaginal lubrication during intercourse.

5. Musculoskeletal. These appear as backache, pain in joints due to laxity of ligaments and muscles.

Signs. These are same as described under menopause.

Diagnosis. This has been already described under menopause.

Differential Diagnosis. Pseudocyesis of spurious pregnancy may be mistaken by the patient for menopausal syndrome. In the former, amenorrhoea, enlargement of breasts and abdomen due to deposition of fat like that in pregnancy occur; there is also the false feeling of foetal movements due to flatulent dyspepsia. The patient should be assured that her symptoms are menopausal. In all these cases, pregnancy may also occur and should be carefully excluded by thorough examination, immunological urinary pregnancy test and pelvic ultrasound.

Premature Menopause

Definition. Menopause coming on a patient below 35 years is called premature menopause. Cause. Poor stock of ovarian follicles gets exhausted. Clinical Features, Symptoms, Secondary amenorrhoea for more than 6 months. In some hot flushes, mood instability, disturbed sleep, loss of libido, (menopausal syndrome). draying of hair. Signs. Atrophic vaginal epithelism, normal or small sized uterus. Investigations. Raised serum FSH above 50 mIU/ml.; ovarian biopsy showing no ovarian follicles is not done. Treatment Assurance, diazepam for poor sleep. Oestrogen therapy for menopausal syndrome are given. Menstruation can not be brought on hormone therapy.

Male Climacteric. About 10 per cent men experience climacteric symptoms at a later age than women due to androgen deprivation. The rest 90 per cent gradually adapt themselves without symptoms.

Cataract Non Surgery Treatment – 7 Natural Treatments For Cataract

Looking for a cataract non surgery treatment? In this article you’ll learn popular cataract natural treatments and one miracle plant that can treat 80 disorders including cataracts. I value your time so let’s get started.

Carrots – They are considered to be the most important as far as natural treatments for cataracts are concerned. You can either eat the carrots raw on a daily basis or make a fresh carrot juice to be taken two times a day.

Pumpkin Flowers – Medical experts recommend the juice or extract of the pumpkin flower. You can apply the juice in your eyelids at least two times a day for 15 minutes. Some natural remedy advocates suggest putting a few drops of honey into the eyes will be helpful.

Aniseed – This is one of the best natural treatments for cataracts. You should take around 6 grams of aniseed on a daily basis every morning and evening. You can also prepare a mixture of aniseed, corriander powder and brown sugar. Taking a dosage of twelve grams is recommended.

Garlic – Just consuming a few cloves of garlic everyday in the morning will also help. The garlic’s juice aids in getting rid of the crystallization of your eye’s lens and clear away the opacity. You also get double benefits because taking garlic also helps to improve your cardiovascular system.

Vegetable Salad – Eating raw vegetable salad is also effective for treating cataracts. Your eyes are going to be revitalized with essential vitamins especially vitamin A.

Almonds and Pepper – Pound 7 kernels of almonds together with one half grams of pepper in water. If you don’t like the taste just add sugar candy.

The Miracle Plant to Treat Cataract

Chest Infection Symptoms

Just last week, the Swine flu infection statistics A (H1N1) virus have increased remarkably. The Laboratories have confirmed the worldwide cases to the World Heath Organisation (WHO-193 member states) have increased from 19,273 to 36,038 as of the 6-17-2009. Worst cases confirmed as follows:

• USA 17855
• Mexico 6241
• Canada 2978
• Australia 1823
• Chile 1694
• UK 1582
Countries infected now 80 ….up sixteen
Deaths now 167 up ……. fifty

Patients with a compromised immune system, such as the elderly or very young or those that smoke can more readily have chest infection symptoms, usually starting with a sore throat, a cold and a cough which produces mucus, which can be green or yellow.

In view of the worldwide pandemic and particularly if you have recently visited an infected country such as Mexico and have chest infection symptoms, it is advisable and strongly recommended to be checked out at your local Hospital where a swab will be taken to check for the flu virus, H1N1.

Chest Infection Symptoms

A persistent chesty dry cough
Loss of appetite
Breathlessness (Not associated with exercise)
Coughing up phlegm which is either green or yellow in color or both
Appetite loss
A fever indicated by a high temperature above 38 c (100F)
Aching muscles
A body chill (feeling cold)

If you have any of these symptoms it is important to drink plenty of fluids, as the body temperature will cause a fluid loss due to dehydration as a result of the chest infection.

Treatment for Chest Infection Symptoms

Some conditions such as influenza which is highly infectious as is the case of the current Swine Flu or Mexican flu has to be treated with antiviral drugs (Tamiflu), as antibiotics do not respond to a viral infection. It is essential that the antiviral drug be administered in the early stages of the chest infection symptoms, ideally within the first two days to combat chest infection.

The Tamiflu drug which is the first to be used against the Swine flu A strain influenza pandemic, seems to becoming resistant to this particular strain. “It is not the case of Tamiflu becoming ineffective but there are natural mutational shifts and drifts, says Dr. Len Horovitz a pulmonary specialist with Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Just because it’s becoming more resistant does not mean that it is a more deadly virus.”

The alternative to Tamiflu is Relenza which is being used to combat Swine flu, but researchers have warned that widespread use of these antivirals would risk creating a resistance to swine flu and would make it harder to stem its spread, and they should only be given to patients with a compromised immune system, the very sick, and those with chest infection symptoms.

The fact that these drugs are available online is worrying the medical profession, Relenza in particular as it is administered by inhalation and therefore not recommended for patients with a chronic respiratory disease or COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease).


Click  on chest infection symptoms to find the secret to stave off colds and flu.

All That You Need To Know About Skydiving

If you are a beginner to the sport of skydiving, then the first thing you should do is to find a reliably skydiving school. While this seems like an easy task, it would be a good idea to ask around for the best skydiving nsw areas where the best schools are. The best places to search for such skydiving nsw schools are around airports, on the phone book and internet. Since skydiving is one of the most expensive sports you can learn in a lifetime, you must decide how much you want to learn and see if you have the budget to accommodate your requirements.

There are basically three types of skydiving training:- accelerated free fall or AFF, tandem and static line. All these methods have their own pros and cons. However before you even start to think about the different kinds of training, you need to consider the safety and health issues pertaining to skydiving. It is recommended that you fully understand the risk involved before embarking on this sport. Skydiving nsw is not like learning how to play chess where you sit on a bench and just move some wooden pieces around. You will be jumping out of an airplane going at 110 miles per hours, in free fall. If you have a high blood pressure, a heart condition or any other ailments, you need to consult your physician if you can take the stress of skydiving nsw. It is not only cardio problems that might be dangerous, as this sport will test other parts of your body to the limit as well. For example, when you landed, it is likely that you will jar your knees so if you have suffered previous injuries to that area, it might further aggravate your problems. Aside from your pre-existing conditions, the rest of the sport is pretty safe. You are more likely to develop glaucoma from reading the lengthy instruction materials than hurt yourself in the process of picking up the sport. Now that you have understood the health and safety risk involved, it is time to choose the skydiving training methods. As said there are three different methods to choose from.

Tandem Jump

This training method is the quickest and easiest way to get into the sport. It basically consists of a half hour ground session with an instructor. After that you will get your chance of stepping out of an airplane although you will have to be strapped to the instructor. After a couple of sessions with the instructor, you may then move on to the next level where you can jump out on your own.

Static Line

You will spend more time in the training room for this method compared to the previous one but when you do get up in the air, you will be doing it alone. Therefore, the instructors will set you up with some dummy runs before letting you go on your own.

Accelerated Free Fall

This method is the most expensive but probably the most exciting. You get a couple of class lessons on what to do in the air and that’s about it. You will get to jump out on the airplane with some instructors following you. Once you a few jumps under your belt, you can apply for a professional license.

Macular Degeneration – 6 Tips on How to Prevent & Reverse Age-Related Macular Degeneration

All of us have one thing in common. As time passes, we age. Aging does have some benefits. For example, as the years march on we gain more experience and become a little more savvy and wise.

But aging also comes with a laundry list of effects that range from being merely inconvenient to being life-altering. Maybe your memory is not as sharp as it used to be, so you are experiencing those dreaded “senior moments.” Maybe you can’t hear as well as you used to, or have aches and pains.

One of the areas that begins to deteriorate as we grow older is our eyes. If you are over the age of 40, you’ve probably experienced some vision problem or another, whether it’s near-sightedness, far-sightedness, “tired” eyes, watery eyes, or dry eyes. Many of these problems can be controlled with lenses or medication.

While the kinds of eye issues above are annoying and sometimes inconvenient, what concerns us more are those vision problems that are linked to blindness. For many of us, the idea of going blind is one of the most fearful things about aging. Not only does blindness mean we can’t see our loved ones, read a book, or watch television, it also diminishes our independence. People who are blind can’t drive, do everyday chores around the home, and have difficulty doing self-care tasks such as getting dressed, grooming themselves, or making a meal. No wonder why the thought of going blind is so terrifying.

One leading cause of vision loss and blindness is Age-Related Macular Degeneration (ARMD). In this condition, the retina becomes blocked by debris, which affects your central vision. Central vision is your “straight ahead” vision, the kind of vision you need to read, drive, or do any kind of activity in which you need to focus in front of you. Macular degeneration does not affect your peripheral vision. People who suffer from macular degeneration see black spots and wavy lines that obliterate or distort the objects in front of them. Age-related macular degeneration can deplete vision up to 60 percent, and is one of the more prevalent causes of age-related blindness. While we don’t know exactly what causes macular degeneration, we do know that poor blood supply to the eye, oxidization of the retina, and leaky capillaries can all contribute to this condition.

Unfortunately, age-related macular degeneration can’t be simply treated with eye drops or lenses. Because doctors aren’t sure what causes macular degeneration, there is no medically accepted cure. As a matter of fact, if you’ve already been diagnosed with macular degeneration, chances are your doctor has told you there’s nothing you can do, aside from learn to accept the idea that blindness is in your future.

However, you don’t have to accept the fact that you are going to go slowly but surely blind as a result of age-related macular degeneration. While there are no pills that you can take to slow or stop macular degeneration, while eye drops and special lenses won’t save your vision, there are things you can do to stop, slow down, and even reverse age-related macular degeneration. What’s more, as additional research is being done, more and more progressive eye specialists agree that there are steps you can take to maintain or restore your vision in a safe, natural way.

Do you want to halt, delay, or even reverse macular degeneration? The answer lies making new lifestyle choices. Stopping, slowing, and reversing your macular degeneration is as easy if you follow the 12 easy steps below. These steps are safe and natural, and you have absolutely nothing to lose by trying them. Best of all, these healthy lifestyle choices will not only have a positive impact on your eyes, they will have a positive impact on your overall health in general.

Step #1: See Your Eye Doctor

Macular degeneration isn’t commonly talked about, and many people don’t know what it is until they’ve been diagnosed with it. Be sure to have your eyes checked annually, and ask your doctor to test you for macular degeneration. In order to determine whether you have macular degeneration, your doctor will ask you to look at a tool called an “Amsler chart.” This chart is essentially a grid with a black dot in the middle. If, after focusing on the dot in the middle of the graph, you see shaky, uneven, or undulating lines, you are most likely experiencing the early stages of macular degeneration. A dark spot or blob in the center of the graph may also indicate macular degeneration. Your ophthalmologist will characterize your macular degeneration as either “wet” or “dry.” “Dry” macular degeneration is the less serious of the two types, and accounts for about 90 percent of all cases of macular degeneration. Unfortunately, there is no surgery, drug, drop, or lens that can treat “dry” macular degeneration. Severe “wet” macular degeneration can be treated with last-ditch efforts designed to preserve sight for an additional amount of time, but these treatments carry significant risk and offer no long-term solution.

Step #2: Take Stock of Prescription Drugs

Some experts believe that aspirin, Ibuprofen, and other NSAIDs can cause retinal hemorrhages in the blood vessels, which can then develop into macular Degeneration. People with high blood pressure are particularly at risk for developing retinal blood vessel issues as a result of taking NSAIDs. Other drugs that have a negative effect on the retina and may contribute to macular degeneration include Plaquenil and Cortisone. Talk to your doctor about replacement drugs if you take any of the above drugs.

Step #3: Protect Your Eyes from the Sun

UV-A and UV-B rays, as well as Blue Light, cause oxidization in the retina, which contributes to macular degeneration. Investing in a high-quality pair of sunglasses that filters out these dangerous rays, and wearing a hat with a brim, will protect your eyes.

Step #4: Add Vitamins, Minerals, and Supplements to Your Daily Diet.

There are a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and supplements known to contribute to eye health, including vitamins A, C, D, and E, omega 3 fatty acids, beta-carotene, magnesium, garlic, zeaxanthin and lutein, selenium, taurine, N-acetyl cysteine, zinc, hydrochloric acid, coenzyme Q-10, boron, chromium, copper, and manganese. The best place to find eye-healthy vitamins and minerals? In your food. But to be sure you’re getting enough of what you need, take a multi-vitamin that includes the majority of the above vitamins and minerals, and supplement with anything it doesn’t include.

Step #5: Up Your Antioxidants and Amino Acids

Because one of the causes of macular degeneration is oxidization of the retina, it makes sense that adding anti-oxidants to your diet can help fight off macular degeneration. Lack of antioxidants in the diet can allow free radicals to multiply, causing more blocked capillaries in the retina. Be sure your diet contains plenty of vitamins C and E, quercetin, bilberry, selenium, bioflavonoids, beta-carotene, and ginko biloba. Plenty of amino acids in the form of N-Acetyl cysteine, L-glutathione, L-glutamine, and L-cysteine are also integral for eye health.

Step #6: Watch Your Fat and Cholesterol Intake

According to a study done by the University of Wisconsin Medical School, diets rich in saturated fat and cholesterol increase macular degeneration by 80 percent. Stick to mono-unsaturated fats like olive oil, and eat healthfully by incorporating natural carbohydrates such as beans, grains, fruits, and vegetables. Eating plenty of soy protein and fish, as well as having one alcoholic drink per day if it fits into your lifestyle, can boost your good cholesterol levels.

To get 6 additional tips and a free subscription to the “Healthy Vision” Newsletter, visit www.MacularDegenerationAuthority.com

Bronchitis infiammation

Bronchitis is inflammation of the walls that line the tube-like bronchial passages (bronchi, bronchioles) that carry air in and out of the lungs.Inflammation of the bronchial tubes in the lungs means that the lining of the bronchials (mucous membrane) is swollen and tender, usually occurring after an acute cold or respiratory infection in the nasal passageways, sinuses, or throat. Bronchitis occurs most often as a single illness (acute bronchitis), but it can sometimes become chronic bronchitis in which the inflammation occurs several months during the year for at least two consecutive years. Smoking cigarettes or being frequently exposed to other irritants may cause acute bronchitis to develop into a chronic condition. In both acute and chronic bronchitis, inflammation is accompanied by infection, resulting in reduced airflow and causing a cough. The source of infection can be bacterial or viral. Acute bronchitis can usually be treated effectively in people who are otherwise healthy. Chronic bronchitis is a more serious and potentially long-term illness in which the individual will have a mucus-producing cough for most days in three or four months out of each year. It may act like a cold that will not clear up, but the inflammation gradually scars the lining of the bronchi and bronchioles so that mucus production is continuous and the condition develops again and again. As a result the walls that line the bronchial tubes become thicker, reducing airflow and causing constant inflammation, mucus production and coughing. This may become the permanent condition of the lungs, especially in smokers. Chronic bronchitis may also lead to emphysema, a condition that reduces the lungs’ ability to exhale air. Both chronic bronchitis and emphysema are classified as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and often occur together.Acute bronchitis occurs commonly among people of both sexes and all ages, with as many as 34 million doctor visits each year by people seeking care for bronchitis or upper respiratory infection (URI). Acute bronchitis develops in 60% of individuals who have the flu (influenza). More than 12 million individuals are reported to have chronic bronchitis. Among adults, chronic bronchitis occurs twice as often in men than in women and most often in smokers.Breathing (respiration) is the main function of the lungs on either side of the chest, each composed of lobes, three in the right lung and two in the left. They exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide, bringing in oxygen from the outside environment into the blood, and releasing carbon dioxide from blood that has circulated. Between the lungs is a central airway, the trachea, which then branches into the two larger bronchi that lead into each lung and divide again into smaller bronchi called bronchioles. Finally, the branching ends in small tube-like passages, the terminal bronchioles, which are composed of air-filled sacs (alveolar sacs) that contain even smaller air sacs (alveoli) that exchange oxygen and carbon dioxide through tiny blood vessels surrounding them. Moisture levels inside the lungs make it a perfect environment for bacterial growth, one of the reasons for development of bacterial and viral infections in lungs that are compromised by disease Acute bronchitis usually follows a cold or viral infection, especially flu virus, and typically lasts no more than six weeks. In acute bronchitis, passageways that are inflamed during an infection return to normal fairly quickly in normally healthy individuals after the infection is treated. However, acute bronchitis can become worse or recur if the individual smokes. The first symptom of acute bronchitis after having a cold or upper respiratory infection will be a sore throat that leads to a cough, either dry or with coughing up of sputum. Symptoms may also include tightness in the chest and some mild difficulty breathing. Usually there is no fever and symptoms subside in a week or so, except for a lingering cough. Smoking cigarettes is the most common cause of chronic bronchitis.

Eye Exercises To Improve Your Vision Naturally – The Close And Distance Vision Eye Exercise

Glasses certainly provide a convenient way to see clearly as your eyesight becomes clear instantly as you put them on. However, are you getting tired of the relationship of dependency that you have been developing in terms of feeling lost without your glasses? If you think that it’s time for a change and if you feel that you would be willing to try a different vision improvement alternative other than glasses, contacts or laser surgery, then you may want to keep an open mind about pursuing an effective program of eye exercises to improve your vision naturally.

Once you practice these easy and simple vision techniques on a regular basis you will see positive results in your vision health such as eye strain relief, dry eye relief and sharper vision without glasses. These eye exercise techniques improve the flexibility of the focusing mechanism of the eyes. You have muscles in your eyes like you do in other parts of the body. These eye muscles like other muscles of the body need exercise to function efficiently. You can correct visual imbalances and vision conditions with the regular practice of these eye exercise techniques. These eye exercises can help to reduce the damage done to the visual system caused by years of excessive close up work. These techniques also and strengthen the eye muscles that control the focusing power of the eyes for better natural eyesight.

One common vision condition called myopia (nearsightedness), affects about 30 – 40 percent of the American population. If you are concerned about this particular vision condition eye exercises are a natural vision correction remedy that helps you to improve your vision naturally without glasses. Therefore, here is a vision exercise to improve nearsightedness:

This eye exercise is called the close and distance vision eye exercise. In order to perform this technique hold a card with a black letter on it and cup your left eye with your palm. Focus on the black letter on the card while you are holding it at arm’s length. Then, at a moderate speed pull the card closer to you so that it is at least 8 inches from your face. Keep alternating the movement of the card from a near to a far distance for about 7-10 repetitions as you maintain your focus on the letter of that card. Then, switch eyes and place your palm over your right eye and repeat the same process as you did with your left eye for about several repetitions. Then, perform this technique by following the same procedure with both eyes open. This vision exercise is also useful for improving presbyopia and farsightedness.

This vision exercise improves the ability of the eye muscles to accommodate. This term is defined as the action of the six muscles upon the eyeball that enables us to see near and distant objects clearly. Eye exercises are a natural vision correction remedy for a variety of vision conditions. The close and distance eye exercise is one example of such a technique that corrects vision problems associated with presbyopia, farsightedness and astigmatism. Ultimately, the practice of these eye exercise techniques leads to better natural eyesight and an improvement in your vision health.

Tips to Cure Myopia Naturally – For You Who Want to See Clearly Without the Help of Your Eye Glasses

Are you a nearsighted person? If you are, then you have what is known as myopia. Is it a condition that affects your life negatively but you do not know what to do about it? Is the idea of seeing a doctor or surgeon scary to you? If you answered yes, there are tips to cure myopia naturally that are not invasive at all.

The tips to cure myopia you will want to take are simple and can easily be done. Do not read or view things while in a room that has a dim light. Also, you should avoid rooms that are lit too brightly. While in a vehicle, reading should not be done because your eyes do not properly focus when trying to read something in a moving vessel. Watching television for long periods of time is also detrimental. All of these things cause eye strain.

Taking vitamin A is a treatment. You can eat foods that contain it. Foods like butter, raw spinach, milk cream, tomatoes, lettuce, cabbage, soy beans, green peas, carrots, turnip tops, and dates all contain vitamin A and are good sources of it. Mixing honey and liquorice together and drinking it with milk is also effective.

Diet is very important to treating and curing myopia. The best diet to try is the raw food diet. All fruits and vegetables are beneficial. So if you like apples, pears, oranges, cherries, strawberries, celery, onion, broccoli, bell peppers, and cauliflower, eat up because they are all of benefit.

There are also foods you should avoid eating. Red meat, coffee, sugar, desserts, and white bread are bad for the condition.

So those are a few tips to cure myopia. They are easy to follow and only require minor adjustments to everyday habits to prove successful. Anyone can do these so give them a try.

How To Eliminate Myopia Forever! Little Known Secret Method To Cure Myopia Naturally!

Have you been suffering from myopia? Does the fact that you have to wear your glasses all the time frustrate you? If so, you are not alone. I know how hard it can be to have your glasses on all the time to see clearly. No matter what you do, the vision just deteriorates.

My power kept on getting low and it reached to the worst of -3.25. I couldn’t even see other people’s faces in my kickboxing class without the glasses. It was too frustrating. That’s when I decided to look for an alternative way to improve my vision naturally.

Soon after I began to look for an alternative way to improve my vision, I came across the Rebuild Your Vision Program. Rebuild Your Vision program is a combination of exercises and life style routines that when integrated on a consistent and persistent basis will improve your vision and give you full 20/20 vision overtime.

I didn’t believe it at first. I thought it was just not possible. But after doing some research, I decided to go ahead and try it because of the free trial.

So did the Rebuild Your Vision program help me cure my myopia?

There are lots of things I learnt from the program. The first thing I learned is the actual cause of myopia – Myopia is now more common among people than ever before is because of the amount of time we spend doing work that is short distance. We sit on the computer, watch TV and read books.

But earlier, it wasn’t that way. Our ancestors used to live in the fields. The body is designed for those environments where hunters live. Our lifestyles have changed drastically over the last few years. We no longer have to hunt or work in the fields. Therefore, there is no balance of short distance and long distance vision.

Our eyes spend most of the time engaging itself in short distance activities. This causes tension in the muscle and the muscle tends to focus more on the short distance activities. Therefore, the stretch extends and it breaks. Once it breaks, we are no longer able to see any of the things that are farther away clearly.

So what really solves the problem now?

Well in order to cure myopia, we’ll have to start stretching our eye muscles and make it do focus on long distance objects. But that isn’t easy when we have to work on the computer for eight hours daily. That’s why the program promotes eye exercises and certain supplements that are proven to strengthen the muscles and make you see clearly.

But there’s one big flaw with the program – Doing the eye exercises alone will help you improve your vision. But it won’t happen fast. If you want to improve it real fast, you’ll have to do more long distance activities without your glasses.

Here’s what I tried after a week of doing the eye exercises –

I started riding my motorbike without wearing my glasses. It was hard at first and it was extremely dangerous. But that’s why I decided to go slow. I used to travel slow and maintain the side. As I did this for a week, I couldn’t believe the improvement I saw. From -3.25, my power dropped to -2.25 with some problems with clarity (cylindrical vision improvement takes time and is affected by your diet).

I was truly amazed by the result. The key is to get the program and start taking action on it. Don’t let it sit around and collect dust. If you take action on it consistently and persistently, you will be able to restore your myopia no matter what.

Massage Therapy Can Ease Symptoms of Muscular Dystrophy

Muscular dystrophy (MD) is not just one disease, but a generic term that covers more than thirty genetic disorders sharing the characteristics of progressive skeletal muscle degeneration and weakness. The severity, progression and distribution of the symptoms as well as age of onset, are some of the things that separate one form of MD from another.

There are four primary forms of muscular dystrophy. The most common is Duchenne MD and it affects mostly males, with the initial onset at between 3-5 years of age. It is a rapidly progressing form of the disease and ultimately results in an inability to walk and the need for a respirator to assist in breathing. Becker MD is less severe and less aggressive than Duchenne, affecting mostly older boys and young men. Landouzy-Dejerine MD usually affects those in their teens and can have a wide variety of symptoms. Mytonic MD or Steinert’s disease is most commonly found in adults. It is typified by muscle spasms, cataracts, heart related problems and endocrine imbalances.

The most common forms of muscular dystrophy occur because of problems with dystrophin, which is a protein in the body needed for muscles to function normally. A deficiency or absence of dystrophin has a major impact on the normal functioning of muscle movement and can result in the characteristic spasms usually associated with MD.

Currently there is no way to stop the progression of any form of muscular dystrophy. Any treatments prescribed are used to ease or reduce some of the symptoms such as joint deformities, and to assist in retaining mobility for as long as possible. Drugs, such as corticosteroids, are often used to help slow muscle degeneration, and anticonvulsants help to calm muscle activity and reduce seizures.

Regular massage therapy, in conjunction with traditional therapies, can also help in reducing the severity of muscle spasms, relax tight muscles and restore some range of motion. It can also help to ease some of the pain associated with MD.

Learn more about how massage therapy can help treat the symptoms of muscular dystrophy.

Mud Baths at Your Home Spa- the Pros and Cons

“If you truly love Nature,

you will find beauty everywhere”

-Vincent Van Gogh

Mud baths are natural products you can use at your home spa.

You are a spa goer and enjoy mud baths at health spas, beauty spas, day spas etc.

Or you are a home spa bather and know something about beneficial properties of mud baths.

One day you decided (or will decide) to try mud baths at your home spa.

While surfing the Internet you can find a lot of mud baths offered by many companies (Moor mud, Dead Sea mud, sea mud etc). But how to choose which one is more suitable and more beneficial for you?

Peloids (mud) history.

Peloids (mud ) treatments and their remarkable revitalizing effects have been known for many centuries and have been successfully used in spas, resorts, clinics all over the world as a natural, effective therapeutic tool.

Scientific researches have proved the therapeutic properties of peloids for many balneological (water therapy) treatments in dermatology and rheumatology and for beauty purposes in cosmetology. Natural biological ingredients of peloids benefit the body and the skin by detoxifying, hormonal-like , anti-inflammatory, anti-bactericidal and bioenergy potency, balancing and harmonizing properties.

There are three main types of peloids in the world.

Saltwater peloids (mud) have high mineral content. Being rich in minerals saltwater peloids are beneficial for the body and skin due to re-mineralizing and nourishing properties.

And there are two types of organic muds with high organic content: Sapropel and Moor muds.

Imagine a substance (enriched with minerals, phyto-hormones, amino acids, enzymes, biostimulators, vitamins) created by Nature for thousands of years with the power to balance, nourish, revitalize!

Both of muds – Sapropel and Moor have been successfully used in clinical and beauty industry for hundreds of years.

But there are also some PROS of mud baths…


Is original mud bathing a smart choice for your home spa?

Yes and No…

Yes, because mud baths have a lot of beneficial components for your body and skin.

No, because a solid phase of muds sticks many beneficial components hardly allowing them to penetrate the skin during bathing.

That is why for proper treatment procedures European spa professionals can use up to 16 kg ( 35 pounds) of original peloids per treatment bath.

Real original peloids consist of many water INSOLUBLE substances which can also PLUG a bathing system so only special facilities are used for peloids procedures.

So first of all, mud should be prepared for proper bathing.

Prepared mud (extracted, filtered, processed, refined) is a better choice for bathing. Scientists have been researching various types of mud extraction to provide main biological substances,increase a bathing efficiency and avoid these problems.

Today you can buy several types of peloid (mud) extracts and add a cup for home bathing. These baths are less or more water-soluble and contain less or more organic and mineral substances ,depending on types of extraction and types of mud. The more substances extracted from mud are, the more complicated and expensive the extraction process is and the more beneficial this extract and this mud bathing is for you.

Have a good and smart Home Spa bath!

Oleg Moskvine

Tonus World Inc.


© 2001-2004 Tonus World Inc., All Rights Reserved

The Therapeutic Relationship Is the Most Important Ingredient in Successful Therapy

“Maybe if I have this client blink his eyes at an increased speed, while exposing him to his past, and add some cognitive behavioral therapy while sitting next to a waterfall, he may be able to function more effectively in his life!” Yes this is rather exaggerated, however it demonstrates the idea that as professionals in the field of therapy, we often seek complex theories, techniques, and strategies to more effectively treat our consumers. A large amount of our precious time is spent seeking new theories and techniques to treat clients; evidence for this statement is shown by the thousands of theories and techniques that have been created to treat clients seeking therapy.

The fact that theories are being created and the field is growing is absolutely magnificent; however we may be searching for something that has always been right under our nose. Clinicians often enjoy analyzing and making things more intricate that they actually are; when in reality what works is rather simple. This basic and uncomplicated ingredient for successful therapy is what will be explored in this article. This ingredient is termed the therapeutic relationship. Some readers may agree and some may disagree, however the challenge is to be open minded and remember the consequences of “contempt prior to investigation”.

Any successful therapy is grounded in a continuous strong, genuine therapeutic relationship or more simply put by Rogers, the “Helping Relationship”. Without being skilled in this relationship, no techniques are likely to be effective. You are free to learn, study, research and labor over CBT, DBT, EMDR, RET, and ECT as well as attending infinite trainings on these and many other techniques, although without mastering the art and science of building a therapeutic relationship with your client, therapy will not be effective. You can even choose to spend thousands of dollars on a PhD, PsyD, Ed.D, and other advanced degrees, which are not being put down, however if you deny the vital importance of the helping relationship you will again be unsuccessful. Rogers brilliantly articulated this point when he said, “Intellectual training and the acquiring of information has, I believe many valuable results–but, becoming a therapist is not one of those results (1957).”

This author will attempt to articulate what the therapeutic relationship involves; questions clinicians can ask themselves concerning the therapeutic relationship, as well as some empirical literature that supports the importance of the therapeutic relationship. Please note that therapeutic relationship, therapeutic alliance, and helping relationship will be used interchangeably throughout this article.

Characteristic of the Therapeutic Relationship

The therapeutic relationship has several characteristics; however the most vital will be presented in this article. The characteristics may appear to be simple and basic knowledge, although the constant practice and integration of these characteristic need to be the focus of every client that enters therapy. The therapeutic relationship forms the foundation for treatment as well as large part of successful outcome. Without the helping relationship being the number one priority in the treatment process, clinicians are doing a great disservice to clients as well as to the field of therapy as a whole.

The following discussion will be based on the incredible work of Carl Rogers concerning the helping relationship. There is no other psychologist to turn to when discussing this subject, than Dr. Rogers himself. His extensive work gave us a foundation for successful therapy, no matter what theory or theories a clinician practices. Without Dr. Rogers outstanding work, successful therapy would not be possible.

Rogers defines a helping relationship as , ” a relationship in which one of the participants intends that there should come about , in one or both parties, more appreciation of, more expression of, more functional use of the latent inner resources of the individual ( 1961).” There are three characteristics that will be presented that Rogers states are essential and sufficient for therapeutic change as well as being vital aspects of the therapeutic relationship (1957). In addition to these three characteristics, this author has added two final characteristic that appear to be effective in a helping relationship.

1. Therapist’s genuineness within the helping relationship. Rogers discussed the vital importance of the clinician to “freely and deeply” be himself. The clinician needs to be a “real” human being. Not an all knowing, all powerful, rigid, and controlling figure. A real human being with real thoughts, real feelings, and real problems (1957). All facades should be left out of the therapeutic environment. The clinician must be aware and have insight into him or herself. It is important to seek out help from colleagues and appropriate supervision to develop this awareness and insight. This specific characteristic fosters trust in the helping relationship. One of the easiest ways to develop conflict in the relationship is to have a “better than” attitude when working with a particular client.

2. Unconditional positive regard. This aspect of the relationship involves experiencing a warm acceptance of each aspect of the clients experience as being a part of the client. There are no conditions put on accepting the client as who they are. The clinician needs to care for the client as who they are as a unique individual. One thing often seen in therapy is the treatment of the diagnosis or a specific problem. Clinicians need to treat the individual not a diagnostic label. It is imperative to accept the client for who they are and where they are at in their life. Remember diagnoses are not real entities, however individual human beings are.

3. Empathy. This is a basic therapeutic aspect that has been taught to clinicians over and over again, however it is vital to be able to practice and understand this concept. An accurate empathetic understanding of the client’s awareness of his own experience is crucial to the helping relationship. It is essential to have the ability to enter the clients “private world” and understand their thoughts and feelings without judging these (Rogers, 1957).

4. Shared agreement on goals in therapy. Galileo once stated, “You cannot teach a man anything, you can just help him to find it within himself.” In therapy clinicians must develop goals that the client would like to work on rather than dictate or impose goals on the client. When clinicians have their own agenda and do not cooperate with the client, this can cause resistance and a separation in the helping relationship (Roes, 2002). The fact is that a client that is forced or mandated to work on something he has no interest in changing, may be compliant for the present time; however these changes will not be internalized. Just think of yourself in your personal life. If you are forced or coerced to work on something you have no interest in, how much passion or energy will you put into it and how much respect will you have for the person doing the coercing. You may complete the goal; however you will not remember or internalize much involved in the process.

5. Integrate humor in the relationship. In this authors own clinical experience throughout the years, one thing that has helped to establish a strong therapeutic relationship with clients is the integration of humor in the therapy process. It appears to teach clients to laugh at themselves without taking life and themselves too serious. It also allows them to see the therapist as a down to earth human being with a sense of humor. Humor is an excellent coping skill and is extremely healthy to the mind, body, and spirit. Try laughing with your clients. It will have a profound effect on the relationship as well as in your own personal life.

Before delving into the empirical literature concerning this topic, it is important to present some questions that Rogers recommends (1961) asking yourself as a clinician concerning the development of a helping relationship. These questions should be explored often and reflected upon as a normal routine in your clinical practice. They will help the clinician grow and continue to work at developing the expertise needed to create a strong therapeutic relationship and in turn the successful practice of therapy.

1. Can I be in some way which will be perceived by the client as trustworthy, dependable, or consistent in some deep sense?

2. Can I be real? This involves being aware of thoughts and feelings and being honest with yourself concerning these thoughts and feelings. Can I be who I am? Clinicians must accept themselves before they can be real and accepted by clients.

3. Can I let myself experience positive attitudes toward my client – for example warmth, caring, respect) without fearing these? Often times clinicians distance themselves and write it off as a “professional” attitude; however this creates an impersonal relationship. Can I remember that I am treating a human being, just like myself?

4. Can I give the client the freedom to be who they are?

5. Can I be separate from the client and not foster a dependent relationship?

6. Can I step into the client’s private world so deeply that I lose all desire to evaluate or judge it?

7. Can I receive this client as he is? Can I accept him or her completely and communicate this acceptance?

8. Can I possess a non-judgmental attitude when dealing with this client?

9. Can I meet this individual as a person who is becoming, or will I be bound by his past or my past?

Empirical Literature

There are obviously too many empirical studies in this area to discuss in this or any brief article, however this author would like to present a summary of the studies throughout the years and what has been concluded.

Horvath and Symonds (1991) conducted a Meta analysis of 24 studies which maintained high design standards, experienced therapists, and clinically valid settings. They found an effect size of .26 and concluded that the working alliance was a relatively robust variable linking therapy process to outcomes. The relationship and outcomes did not appear to be a function of type of therapy practiced or length of treatment.

Another review conducted by Lambert and Barley (2001), from Brigham Young University summarized over one hundred studies concerning the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. They focused on four areas that influenced client outcome; these were extra therapeutic factors, expectancy effects, specific therapy techniques, and common factors/therapeutic relationship factors. Within these 100 studies they averaged the size of contribution that each predictor made to outcome. They found that 40% of the variance was due to outside factors, 15% to expectancy effects, 15% to specific therapy techniques, and 30% of variance was predicted by the therapeutic relationship/common factors. Lambert and Barley (2001) concluded that, “Improvement in psychotherapy may best be accomplished by learning to improve ones ability to relate to clients and tailoring that relationship to individual clients.”

One more important addition to these studies is a review of over 2000 process-outcomes studies conducted by Orlinsky, Grave, and Parks (1994), which identified several therapist variables and behaviors that consistently demonstrated to have a positive impact on treatment outcome. These variables included therapist credibility, skill, empathic understanding, affirmation of the client, as well as the ability to engage the client and focus on the client’s issues and emotions.

Finally, this author would like to mention an interesting statement made by Schore (1996). Schore suggests “that experiences in the therapeutic relationship are encoded as implicit memory, often effecting change with the synaptic connections of that memory system with regard to bonding and attachment. Attention to this relationship with some clients will help transform negative implicit memories of relationships by creating a new encoding of a positive experience of attachment.” This suggestion is a topic for a whole other article, however what this suggests is that the therapeutic relationship may create or recreate the ability for clients to bond or develop attachments in future relationships. To this author, this is profound and thought provoking. Much more discussion and research is needed in this area, however briefly mentioning it sheds some light on another important reason that the therapeutic relationship is vital to therapy.

Throughout this article the therapeutic relationship has been discussed in detail, questions to explore as a clinician have been articulated, and empirical support for the importance of the therapeutic relationship have been summarized. You may question the validity of this article or research, however please take an honest look at this area of the therapy process and begin to practice and develop strong therapeutic relationships. You will see the difference in the therapy process as well as client outcome. This author experiences the gift of the therapeutic relationship each and every day I work with clients. In fact, a client recently told me that I was “the first therapist he has seen since 9-11 that he trusted and acted like a real person. He continued on to say, “that’s why I have the hope that I can get better and actually trust another human being.” That’s quite a reward of the therapeutic relationship and process. What a gift!

Ask yourself, how you would like to be treated if you were a client? Always remember we are all part of the human race and each human being is unique and important, thus they should be treated that way in therapy. Our purpose as clinicians is to help other human beings enjoy this journey of life and if this field isn’t the most important field on earth I don’t know what is. We help determine and create the future of human beings. To conclude, Constaquay, Goldfried, Wiser, Raue, and Hayes (1996) stated, ” It is imperative that clinicians remember that decades of research consistently demonstrates that relationship factors correlate more highly with client outcome than do specialized treatment techniques.”


Constaquay, L. G., Goldfried, M. R., Wiser, S., Raue, P.J., Hayes, A.M. (1996). Predicting the effect of Cognitive therapy for depression: A study of unique and common factors. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 65, 497-504.

Horvath, A.O. & Symonds, B., D. (1991). Relation between a working alliance and outcome in psychotherapy: A Meta Analysis. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 38, 2, 139-149.

Lambert, M., J. & Barley, D., E. (2001). Research Summary on the therapeutic relationship and psychotherapy outcome. Psychotherapy, 38, 4, 357-361.

Orlinski, D. E., Grave, K., & Parks, B. K. (1994). Process and outcome in psychotherapy. In A. E. Bergin & S. L. Garfield (Eds.), Handbook of psychotherapy(pp. 257-310). New York: Wiley.

Roes, N. A. (2002). Solutions for the treatment resistant addicted client, Haworth Press.

Rogers, C. R. (1957). The Necessary and Sufficient Conditions of Therapeutic Personality Change. Journal of Consulting Psychology, 21, 95-103.

Rogers, C. R. (1961). On Becoming a Person, Houghton Mifflin company, New York.

Schore, A. (1996). The experience dependent maturation of a regulatory system in the orbital prefrontal cortex and the origin of developmental psychopathology. Development and Psychopathology, 8, 59-87.