Treating Your Dog’s Itchy Skin

Having a dog with itchy, flaky skin is never a fun situation. Your dog is miserable and you feel bad for him. There are some things you can do to help relieve his skin problems without going to the vet. The first thing you should try is a moisturizing shampoo.

It is important not to use shampoos made for people on your dog. The pH levels in people products will most likely just make your dog itch more than before. You can find some great moisturizing shampoos in the pet section of most retailers. Look for products which include oatmeal to help sooth his skin and make him healthier.

Another option is to feed your dog one raw egg a day. Raw eggs will help improve his skin and make his coat shinier. And dogs love eggs. Just put one egg in with his food in the morning but be sure not to leave it sit in the bowl all day. The egg could go bad and make your dog sick. It is best to put a small amount of food in the bowl with the egg and once he has eaten that, feed him his usual amount.

If these two remedies do not work, look online for a Pet Meds dealer. You can usually find the same products your vet will give you but at a much cheaper price. The quality is the same and you will even find the same brand names. Many times, the shipping is free and you can have the meds within a few days.

Of course, if you don’t see any improvement in your dog, be sure to take him to the vet to get checked out. There is always the possibility of a more serious problem.

Psoriasis and Natural Treatments

In a healthy human, the skin is created from the inside out. This entire process, which takes the new skin cells and moves them through to the outer layers where they eventually flake off typically, takes several months to accomplish. There are times; however, what a person has a problem such as psoriasis, and this entire process is sped up to where it occurs in just a few days. When this is the case, it causes an inflammatory condition in which the skin comes to the surface quickly and causes red, scaly patches to occur. According to medical science, there is no cure for psoriasis.

Fortunately, many people do not take this particular disease lying down. Even though medicine may not be able to offer you anything more than anti-inflammatory drugs, such as cortisone or prednisone, natural medicine offers you solutions that may help to treat the disease at its very root. If you are able to successfully treat the cause of the psoriasis and not simply attempt to remove the outward symptoms, you may just be successful at removing the disease from your body for good. Here are some things that have helped others in the past.

One of the most common things that you will read about psoriasis is that it is directly related to toxicity in the blood. This can be caused by such things as leaky gut syndrome. It may also be the result of deficiencies in the body, such as with certain vitamins or the lack of omega-3 fatty acids in your system. In order to begin the healing, you're going to have to supply your body with the nutrients that it has been missing all of these years. In doing so, you will be able to help your body to combat this problem from the inside where it is actually occurring.

Although there are many different things that you can take in order to help you along with this disease, some of the most important include strong antioxidants, such as certain teas and flax seed oil. There are also many different types of herbal supplements that you could be taking which could aid in your recovery from psoriasis. Even though all of this seems overwhelming, persistence is really necessary if you are ever going to see any long-term results.

Another way that you can combat psoriasis naturally is through the use of an all-in-one herbal supplement. There are several benefits to taking one of the supplements over taking all of the herbs and vitamins individually. The first benefit is that they are measured out proportionate to each other. What this does is it gives you the amount that you need of each of these herbs in a single dose. The most notable benefit, however, comes as a form of convenience. It is much easier to take one dosage of a single supplement that to take several different herbs and oils throughout the day.

Even though it may take some time, many people have reported that they were able to completely cure their psoriasis by being persistent with these natural remedies. The best thing that you can do for yourself is to try these remedies and to stick with them long enough to allow them to do their work. Just remember, your body did not become toxic overnight so you can not expect it to be cleaned overnight either. Even though it may take some time to completely clean your body for toxins, you should begin to see some results before too much time passes.

Fasd (venesection): introduction, uses



Fasd is one of the oldest classical modes of treatment in unani system of medicine. Venesection is a method used for cleansing and evacuation of morbid humors from the body that is one of the important methods adopted by unani physicians since long time. Venesection may be cause diversion of the blood flow from and so indirectly relieving the inflammatory congestion. Hence it is highly effective method against various diseases. The maximum quantity of blood that may be let out should not exceed one pasha i.e. 640 gm at a time. The operated site should be bandaged with a piece of cloth soaked in medicated oil. The art of Venesection (Phlebotomy) or blood letting was flourishing well before Hippocrates in the fifth century B.C the practice reached unbelievable heights in the 18th and early 19th centuries, phlebotomy, also called as fasd in Arabic. Is the act of drawing or removing blood from the circulatory system through a cut (incision) or puncture.

Types- (1) Fasd-e waride

              (2) Fasd-e shirayni

 Anatomy and description of vessels of Venesection

Total blood vessels in body 42, Veins (Warid) 34, Arteries (Shirayn) 08

 Blood vessels of the skull, head about (12)

  1. Warid-e Al-haama (Parital vein) –one
  2. Warid-e Al-jabah (Forontal vein ) –one
  3. Warid-e Moakharas (Pharyngeal vein) –one
  4. Warid-e Khalaf al-ajan (Posterior auriculor vein) – two
  5. Warid-e Khashasha (Inferior occipital vein ) – two
  6. Warid-e Arnbah (Supra orbital vein) – one
  7. Warid-e Maqeen (Maxillary vein) –one
  8. Warid-e Aanfiqaa (Interior labial vein) –one
  9. Warid-e Jahera (Lingual vein) – one
  10. Warid-e Bateen (Anterior jugular vein) – one

Blood vessels of the hand about (6+6 = 12)

  1. Warid-e Qeefal (Cephalic vein )
  2. Warid-e Bazleeq (Basilic vein)
  3. Warid-e Akhal (Median cubital vein)
  4. Warid-e Habl-uz-zirra (Median vein)
  5. Warid-e Ibti / Syringe  (Axillary vein / Medial ferarm vein)
  6. Warid-e Usailim (Palmar metacarpal / Salvatella / 3rd dorso metacarpal)

Blood vessels of the leg about (4+4 = 8)

  1. 1.      Warid-e Mabij rkbah (Poplitial vein)
  2. Warid-e Shafin (Great saphenous vein)
  3. Warid-e Arqun nisha (Sciatic vein)
  4. Warid-e Mustkadam (Tendocalcanum vein)

 Instruments used in Venesection

 Antiseptic lotion, tourniquet, cotton swab, scalpel with 11 No. blade, sponge, bandage and kidney tray



 Procedure and precautions

Period for fasd-

1) Autumn season – day on which climate is not cloudy and its. Neither too hot nor too cold, 2) Rainy season – on the day which is freefrom cloud, 3) Summer season – in morning or evening time.

Following points are to be kept in view-

1)      Status of disease, 2) Status of blood, 3) Condition of the patien.


  • Amraz-e Jild (Skin disorders) e.g. leucoderma, scabies, alopecia areata
  • Cardio-respiratory disorders
  • Nervous system disorders
  • Gynecological disorders
  • Opthalmic disorder
  • Locomotor disorders- i.e. arthritis, sciatica, hip pain, gout.
  • Inflammation of anus, rectum, penis
  • Disorders of spleen
  • Bawaseer (Haemorrhoids)
  • Eruption
  • Throat disease
  • Abscess

Sites of Venesection



Blood vessels

Drains part of body

Prevent of disease


Qeefal (Cephalic vein)

Head, Neck, upper part of liver

Meningitis, otolagia


Bazleeq (Basilic vein)

Abdominal pain, Hepato-spleenomegaly


Akhal (Median vein)


Headache, pneumothorax


Habl-ul-zirra(Median vein)


Usailim (Salvatella)

Liver and Spleen

Diseases of liver, heart, spleen,


Arqun-nisha (Sciatic vein)


Sciatica, Elephantiasis, Varicose


 Mabij-rkbah (Popliteal vein)

Lower abdomen

Menstruation, Obstructed piles


Frontal vein


Headache, Conjunctivitis, Eye


Parietal vein


Migraine, Eczema of Scalp



Temporal vein


Leukoma, Trachoma, Cataract,                                                                         Night blindness, Chronic conjunctivitis



Jugular vein


Asthma, Bronchitis, Pneumonia                                                                        Angina, Pleurisy, Pleuraitis,                                                                       Dyspnoea, Diseases of the spleen



Labial vein


Mouth ulcers, stomatitis


Inferior lingual

Chin, throat

Angina, tonsillitis


Temporal artery


Eye’s diseases


Post auricular


Glaucoma, leukoma


(1)Amraz-e Jild (Skin disorders) e.g. leucoderma, scabies, alopecia areata (2) Cardio-respiratory disorders (3) Nervous system disorders (4) Gynecological disorders (5) Opthalmic disorder (6) Locomotor disorders- i.e. arthritis, sciatica, hip pain and gout (7) Inflammation of anus, rectum, penis (8) Disorders of spleen (9) Bawaseer (Haemorrhoids) (10) Eruption (11) Throat disease (12) Abscess


Venesection is not advisable during pregnancy, menstruation, extremly cold temperament, extremly cold climate, severe pain, after resolving baths, after coitus, in children under fourteen years of age, in elderly person, unduly thin or obese persons, pale puffy complexion, oedema (general / local), weakness, anaemia, irritable bowel syndrome, jaundice, just after emesis / enema, infertility & impotence, dyspnoea / asthma, fever / palsy, thirsty / unconscious, inflammation of eyes and excessive dryness in the body.


Gangrene, severe haemorrage, severe haemorrage, shock hypovolumic and constipation.

What Are the Types of Foot Fungus?

When people talk about fungal foot infection, they are usually referring to one of two main types of foot fungus: infection of the skin (athlete's foot), or infection of the toenails (onychomycosis). Both are very common, but athlete's foot is generally much easier to get rid of.

Both kinds of foot fungus result from the organism invading and beginning to multiply on the foot. The fungus gets nutrients from keratin, a type of protein that is found in skin cells and nails. As it breaks down keratin, skin becomes flaky and scaly and nails start to crumble and discolor. The same type of fungus, most commonly one called Trichophyton rubrum, can cause both kinds of foot fungal infection, though some other types of and various yeasts normally only invade the nails.

Knowing a few foot fungus facts will help get rid of the infection faster. First, a fungal infection should always be properly diagnosed by a physician: other things can cause flaking skin and deformed nails. Second, all types of foot fungus are normally present in the environment: you do not need to be exposed to someone with an infection to catch one yourself. Your body's immune system fights off most kinds of foot fungus on its own, but if you do see signs, you should act promptly before it becomes too advanced.

There are other important foot fungus facts, regarding infections, treatment options, and what to expect with various remedies. There are prescription drugs, over the counter medications, homeopathic preparations and home remedies. Antifungal drugs will work against all types of foot fungus, though your doctor may choose a different treatment for a nail infected with yeast.

On the skin, most kinds of foot fungus clear up quite quickly with a topical treatment (creams, ointments, powders), while fungal nail infections are often difficult to cure because topical treatments do not reach the growth under the thick nail. Treatment may need to be continued for many months. Knowing these foot fungus facts will keep you from getting discouraged if you do not see treatment results as quickly as you expected.

Practice a few simple things to help your body fight off all kinds of foot fungus. Fungi like damp warm conditions, so keep your feet clean and make sure you dry them well after bathing. Wear shoes in wet public places like swimming pool decks and showers, but if your feet tend to be sweaty, avoid wearing shoes for extended periods – your feet need a chance to dry. Change and launder your socks regularly and use an antifungal powder in your shoes.

Some types of foot fungus are common in soil, but it's okay to go barefoot as long as you do not have cuts or irritated skin that could allow a fungus entry. In fact, it's good for your feet to get fresh air. Finally, remember your foot fungus facts, keep your nails trimmed, apply first aid promptly to any foot injury, and keep an eye on your skin and nails so that you spot a developing fungal foot infection right away.

Allergy Testing – A Look at the Skin Test

Studies estimate that more than 50 million people in America alone deal with some degree of allergy reaction at some point during the year. Some are unfortunate enough to be saddled with the reactions all year long. These allergens can be due to something outside, something in their home, or even something they have eaten. To treat these reactions, the first step is to find out what exactly is causing them. Doctors can perform allergy testing, which can determine the culprit, thus opening up a path for avoidance and proper treatment. Today’s skin tests are very accurate and the results come back quickly. Here’s a look at the screenings themselves.

Two Types

When you talk about the skin and allergy testing, you’re usually talking about one of two different kinds of tests. The first is percutaneous, sometimes known as the "scratch" test. With this screening, the doctor will put a drop of solution mixed with a suspected allergen on the patient’s skin. So this screening doesn’t drag out over a period of months, the physician will usually test several allergens at the same time. If the patient is allergic, the reaction will show on the skin. The other type of test is intradermal. Here, the doctor will actually inject the solution below the skin’s surface, allowing for greater sensitivity if the scratch test proved inconclusive.


There are several advantages to using these skin tests for allergy testing. One of the main advantages is that the results usually show up almost instantly. Few people have to wait more than a half hour to know whether they had a reaction. When it comes to intradermal tests, however, there may be a delayed reaction, which can take several hours to show up. Either way, it won’t be long before the doctor knows what he is dealing with and whether or not you were allergic to the suspects you were exposed to.


Some doctor-phobic patients avoid getting allergy testing done because they are afraid that it will hurt. Rest assured that children undergo these tests all the time, testifying to the fact that they are relatively painless in nature. Does that mean you won’t experience any discomfort? Perhaps not; those with more sensitive dispositions may not care for the sensations. But very few would describe the procedure with the word “painful." The discomfort will be over almost immediately, and certainly, the results are more than worth it.

Irritable Bowel Syndrome and Nausea

First let’s look in what cases nausea may occur. 

Nausea or vomiting is not considered to be a disease. They are typical symptoms in the following conditions such as:

o    Early period of pregnancy (nausea occurs in about 50%-90% of all pregnant women)

o    Gastroparesis (often found in people with diabetes)

o    Emotional stress (fear)

o    Food poisoning

o    Heart attack

o    Bulimia or other psychological illnesses

o    A reaction to certain smells or odors and so on.

There are a number of disorders and diseases for which nausea is one of typical symptoms. And among them there is also irritable bowel syndrome.    

Of course, not everyone who suffers from IBS certainly should experience nausea. It is individual and can vary from person to person. As far as I know, unlike abdominal pain and irritable bowel, nausea is not a common symptom of IBS.  Sometimes nausea can occur in IBS sufferers during periods of severe stress. But it is not the only reason. Actually, the cause of nausea occurring in IBS patients is difficult to find out. When the digestive system is imbalanced, nausea can appear as one of the most common symptoms of IBS.

Most of IBS sufferers report that nausea is a typical symptom for them. But the most difficult task doctors and patients face is that one treatment may work for one sufferer when it will be useless for another.  It is supposed that sometimes nausea can be soothed by a bowel movement, but some patients might not be able to have a movement.

Today many different types of drugs are available for the treatment of the nausea associated with irritable bowel syndrome. But since one cannot guarantee 100% cure, the drugs are usually used to relieve symptoms only. So there is no exact receipt for getting rid of nausea or vomiting. Besides, these drugs sometimes can have some side effects. 

However today mainly the following medicaments are used:

Anticholinergics – it is used not only at fighting against muscle spasms in the small and large intestine but also for alleviation of nausea.

Dicyclomine – It is a drug that is applied to calm the muscles in the gut and help prevent any possible spasms or pain. But this medication is also helpful in reducing nausea.

But such treatment with the above mentioned drugs can cause certain side effects such as dry mouth, throat. etc.

Nowadays multiple other drugs are also available to treat irritable bowel syndrome and nausea that is associated with it. But there are also more simple and safe solutions. The most effective one of these solutions is changing diet plan and including those products that will help relieve nausea.

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Fashion and Depression

Sometimes it is very difficult to identify life meaning. Depression can come when you do not expect it. But what depression is. I think that today it is very popular to say that you are in depression. It is a trend. In fact people do not even know the main symptoms of this disease. Short run absence of mood is not a symptom of depression. Please, do not worry, relax and go to bed. I am sure that after good sleep you will feel better. However, if it continues during two-three months or longer, it can be considered a signal to start worry that you suffer from “trendy disease.”

I think that nowadays people very often lose their identity because they are trying to be in fashion. They dress that they do not like and behave like celebrities. Moreover, they eat that it is order of day. As a result, all people look similarly. I call them “clones.” They simply fear to be unique and attract attention. These people are weak, from my point of view, it is very simple to be like many others.

One of my friends can be a very good example. She does not like express her point of view and dress bright clothes only because she does not want to attract public attention. As a result, she almost does not have friends.

I think that fashion kills personality. I recommend people to be the way they are. Do not try to be at someone. Also, don’t try to please everybody because it is impossible. It can lead to the losing of your individuality.

Also, I hate when parents tell their children to be like Andy or Suzan or compare a child with somebody. It is a big mistake, from my point of view. Do not do it. My mother always did it and the result is obvious. I lost my life meaning at sixteen. I considered that I am the worst boy in the world. I did not communicate with my classmates because of low self-appraisal.

Finally, I can say that the best way to be happy is to be yourself.

Bronchitis and Its Natural Home Remedy

Symptoms: Bronchitis is the inflammation of the tubes that lead from the throat to the lungs. The inflammation tends to impede the process of breathing because phlegm tends to stick to its insides. The treatment outlined in the section of asthma should help in bronchitis too, but the following procedures are being repeated here for the benefit of the readers.

Treatment: The sufferer from bronchitis must fast for as long as the acute symptoms last. He should only take water and orange juice. An all fruit diet should be taken when the fever attendant upon bronchitis has gone down and the breathing is easier. A hot epsom salt bath every night or alternative nights will be beneficial during the acute stage of the disease. A wet pack should be applied to the upper part of the chest every day. Hot towels (dipped in hot water and wrung out) applied to the chest are also helpful. The phlegm sticking to the insides of the bronchial tubes will be dislodged and the sufferer will feel an immediate relief in breathing. After the hot compresses, a cold compress should be applied.

After relief is obtained, suffer should take to natural feeding because if that is not done, the disease is likely to recur and it may become chronic. Breathing exercises, a friction sponge (rubbing the body with a hand towel dipped in water and wrung out) should be taken regularly. Hot epsom salt baths should be taken twice or thrice weekly. Spinal manipulation under the guidance of a trained naturopath should be recourse to in obstinate cases.

Read more on Natural Home Remedies for bronchitis and Natural Home Remedies

Learn How to Cure Phobias Yourself

So, what are your phobias? We are sure you have one, nearly everyone has a phobia. Even we have a phobia, but that's a secret we will hold to ourselves. Although, within the end of this article, we may tell you a bit about our phobia, but right now, we need to concentrate on that phobia you have inside of you right now. Would you like to learn how to cure phobias yourself? That phobia you have is an intense fear that is causing you to avoid certain things. It is mental pain that is unbearable.

Some examples of those common phobias include dating the opposite sex, public speaking, heights, closed spaces, spiders, crossing bridges, going to the dentist, flying in planes, swimming in the ocean and being in a crowd. Do you know what one of the most powerful technique to curing those phobias are? It involves hypnosis.

If you have a phobia of public speaking, when it comes time, you have a large amount of fear. However, you would like to feel calm when it comes to giving that public speech. How are you supposed to accomplish this when you have a phobia? First, you will need to figure something out that makes you feel intensely calm. Some people go through mediation before the give public speeches and this helps them to stay calm.

Would you like another way to cure phobia yourself? For instance, if you are afraid of lizards, research those lizards as much as you can. Learn about tegus, iguanas, bearded dragons, monitors, collard lizards and all the rest. Learn what they eat, how they live and what they do. You will learn that they truly are capable of being friendly and many of them have them as pets. Personally, we have never been afraid of lizards as we have many of them, but we have always been afraid of spiders, until we researched them and learnt about them. Now, we have a pet tarantula that we hold everyday. You see, curing your phobia is all about confronting those fears and learning about them.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder Treatment – Stop Anxiety in Its Tracks

Maybe one of the most extended feelings these days is that of anxiety and stress, all this caused mainly by the difficult times we are all passing through in a downturn economy. But for a number of people this common stress can be the trigger to a much more painful state that is known as generalized anxiety disorder, and that can lead the person suffering from this condition to even present panic attacks in a given moment.

But why is that some of us have the propensity to convert a stressful period of our lives into a generalized anxiety disorder that refuses to go away? Some study lines move towards a physiological cause in the brain but there are other schools that are convinced that this anxiety problems originate from the inner functioning of our thinking process, in other words; we have learned to deal with stressful situations in a particular way that with time and the given stressful conditions will make us fall into the swamp of anxious feelings that won’t go away as they do for other persons. We will feel overwhelmed by intrusive thoughts and may even develop some manias.

The first thing, as in any other health condition, in order to start the healing process is to recognize our condition and accept that we are processing stressful situations the wrong way and that this is turning into a big problem in our lives. We must heal our minds, this is our thinking process about the situations that most affect us. Sometimes anxiety disorders can also trigger depressive periods so we may have to have some medication in the beginning but the sooner we learn how to deal with anxiety in our minds, and we start processing the stressful situations in a healthy way we’ll get away from medication and gain a more enjoyable and productive life.

Specialty Shoes For Rheumatoid Arthritis

How does Rheumatoid Arthritis affect a person’s feet? When a Rheumatoid Arthritis victim’s joints become swollen or irritated, the synovium membrane becomes very thick and can develop a lot of joint fluid. This excessive amount of fluid coupled with inflammatory chemicals released by the immune system can cause swelling to the joint’s cartilage and bones.

Foot problems normally associated with Rheumatoid Arthritis can happen in the ball of a person’s foot, close to the toe area. Symptoms include the appearance of deformities, swelling, joint stiffness and intense pain when walking or standing for a long period of time. The following are a few common foot deformities and other foot problems linked to Rheumatoid Arthritis:

A Bunions
B Heel pain
C Achilles tendon pain
D Flatfoot
E Pain in the ankle
F Dislocated toes
G Hammertoes

Another common foot problem that many people with Rheumatoid Arthritis suffer from is called Rheumatoid Nodules or lumps. This condition can cause intense pain when Rheumatoid Nodules rub up against your shoes. These lumps may also appear on the bottom of the foot and cause pain when walking or standing. To help relieve pain caused by foot problems, it is important that you wear comfortable specialty shoes.

12 Free Beauty Tips- Make-Up And Cosmetics

Use these 12 free beauty tips to ensure you get the maximum benefit from your choice of make-up and cosmetics:

Free Beauty Tip # 1:

When shopping for lip color and eye shadow, put a clean sheet of white paper in your bag. New lip colors can be tested on the paper along with a strip of eye shadow. You can then examine the colors in daylight outside, away from the artificial lighting in the store.

Free Beauty Tip # 2:

Fragrance: Use two light formulas together to lock a scent in rather than a heavy application of one fragrance which can overwhelm those close to you. Using a scented body cream and then lightly spraying with an eau de toilette or parfum of the same scent will still result in a long-lasting effect.

Free Beauty Tip # 3:

Just use regular cold cream to remove oil-based makeup.

Free Beauty Tip # 4:

Make your nails seem more slender by applying a dark nail varnish down the center part of the nail being careful not to take it right to the edge of the sides of nail.

Free Beauty Tip # 5:

When testing the color of a foundation and you are already wearing a foundation, use the areas on your neck or inner arm. The skin tone in these areas matches the face more closely than the hands and a better judgment can be made.

Free Beauty Tip # 6:

To find the best spot to apply blush, smile widely, take note of where the cheek rises to a round shape. This lifted part of the cheek is the best place for blush to look natural as a flush will often color this area of ​​the cheek.

Free Beauty Tip # 7:

For concealer to last many hours, be sure to apply it in small amounts at a time in two or three layers. This technique guarantees long wear.

Free Beauty Tip # 8:

With oily skin, avoid toners that contain alcohol as these can dry out the skin and block impurities beneath the surface. To avoid over drying the skin use toners containing AHA's. They help to smooth the skin's texture.

Free Beauty Tip # 9:

Every so often gather all the make-up you have from various places and do an analysis. Be ruthless and throw out anything over two years old, that has a musty odor, that is messy or runny, where liquids have separated, or anything that is dirty or falling apart such as sponges and brushes. By optimizing in this way you can purchase new supplies where needed and keep your make-up kit in top condition.

Free Beauty Tip # 10.

If you have oily skin, use very little moisturizer or, if possible, none at all. Too much moisturizer on oily skin can cause makeup to slide away.

Free Beauty Tip # 11:

If lip lines are a problem, apply lipstick vertically instead of horizontally.

Free Beauty Tip # 12:

When removing makeup, take a Q-tip which has been dipped in a non-oily remover and run it over the eyelashes to take off any remaining mascara.

Fall Down, Go Boom? Are Ankle Sprains a Rite of Spring?

Days are getting longer and the weather is getting warmer. Spring has sprung in many parts of the country. Say goodbye to old man winter and start thinking spring sports. The soccer, baseball and lacrosse leagues are having their first games; the high-school track team is gearing up for competition, and The Leukemia Society's Team-in-Training groups are just starting to increase their mileage aiming for an early summer marathon finish. Spring is in the air, and our old friend the ankle sprain is starting to show up more frequently in the office. Basketball and volleyball seasons are always the main producer of this injury; but you would probably be surprised how many ankle sprains occur in outdoor sports like soccer, baseball, lacrosse and of course track and field. Ankle sprains have been reported to be approximately 20% of all sports injuries with more than 25,000 occurring every day in the United States.

Uneven, wet fields coupled with early season fatigue and competitive full-contact intensity equal injuries. The ankle is the joint that compensates for uneven surfaces. Failure to compensate for uneven footing causes many sprains, which account for 85% of ankle injuries. Jumping, cutting, and pivoting put the ankle at risk. Inadequate rehabilitation of an injury places many athletes at further risk by decreasing their inherent adaptive ability to uneven surfaces or sudden changes in direction. The use of narrow cleats with minimal arch support or the use of running shoes for a court sport can also place an athlete at risk for ankle sprains.

Ankle sprains occur in runners mainly because they are chatting away as they are on a long run and are simply not paying attention. How often do you see a runner fall just because they fell of the curb or in a hole while running? Lots … Pay attention to where you are going and you can prevent this type of injury. If you know you are a klutz, run on an even surface, like a track, when you are tired or distracted.

If you have an ankle sprain, you should be evaluated by a sports medicine podiatric foot and ankle surgeon if you have localized pain, swelling and bruising, as well as inability to walk more than 5-7 steps comfortably. Many a foot fracture has been missed in the emergency room when x-rays were taken only of the ankle and not the foot. The foot should also be evaluated due to the number of undiagnosed fifth metatarsal fractures that occur with many ankle sprains. In severe ankle sprains, an MRI is needed to evaluate the grade of the injury. This is really what decides whether surgery is needed for full recovery.

The severity of an injury and proper treatment can only be determined by your doctor. Initial treatment always includes "RICE" therapy – Rest, Ice, Compression, and Elevation. NSAID's (non-steroidal anti-inflammatories) are often utilized to decrease pain and edema. Bracing or casting coupled with non-weightbearing on crutches may be needed in more severe injuries to rest and stabilize the ankle while it heals. Stabilizing the joint and pain-free full range of motion (ROM) is the goal. Surgery is only recommended in Grade 3 severe injuries in athletes or in those patients who have had multiple ankle sprains and suffer from chronic ankle instability. Long-term ankle instability can often be avoided with an aggressive physical therapy program. Bracing should only be used in the short-term during rehabilitation because long-term bracing actually causes atrophy and decreased ROM.

Physical therapy is needed for all ankle sprains. The goals of physical therapy should be to regain full ROM, strength and proprioception (where your brain thinks your ankle is in space). Regaining strength in the peroneal tendons as well as overall balance training are the keys to successful rehabilitation of an ankle sprain. A maintenance program of ankle strengthening, stretching, and proprioception exercises helps to decrease the risk of future ankle sprains, particularly in individuals with a history of multiple ankle sprains or of chronic instability.

Bottom line: if you happen to fall down and go "Boom", have your ankle sprain evaluated by a podiatric foot and ankle surgeon. Delaying treatment and rehabilitation can lead to life-long instability.

Penile Bruising – A Guide to Injuries and Conditions

The penis is a closely guarded treasure; most men take great pains to avoid any sort of injury to the delicate equipment. But bumps and bruises are a part of life, and even the best-protected member is likely to run into a solid object – a misplaced knee or football, or even a partner’s body – from time to time. The resulting penile bruising and pain can be alarming, and for good reason: A serious penis injury can cause disfiguration and even loss of function if not treated properly. Fortunately, most injuries are not serious, and at-home penis care may be all that is needed to manage any pain and swelling – but it is always advisable to check in with a doctor when bruising does occur.

Causes of penile bruising

1) Trauma. Perhaps the most common, and the most obvious, cause of penile bruising is blunt-force trauma – in other words, impact with a solid object. While the resulting bruising is usually superficial, a heavy blow to the area can result in deep tissue damage that can lead to long-term problems, so it is best not to ignore this type of injury. To minimize the chance of experiencing trauma to the penis, men should wear the proper protective gear for any type of athletic activity. Extremely aggressive thrusting and bending or twisting moves should be avoided during partner sex.

2) Masturbation. Self-inflicted damage is also fairly common. Men who use a tight grip and/or bending and twisting motions during manual stroking may be susceptible to bruising of the penile tissue, as are those who thrust into a bed, cushion or other object during masturbation.

3) Priapism. This is a serious medical condition in which men experience a persistent erection that is not caused by sexual stimulation. Usually, it is the result of an injury to the groin area that causes blood to become trapped inside the penis. The resulting erection can be quite painful, and it may be accompanied by bruising. Priapism should be treated as a medical emergency; failure to seek treatment can result in penile tissue death.

4) Injection of medications or illicit substances. Men who have prescription medications injected into the penis for treatment of erectile dysfunction may develop bruising around the injection site; the same issue may affect men who inject recreational substances into the penis.

5) Clothing entrapment. If the penis becomes trapped in a zipper or other part of a man’s clothing, bruising to the site may occur. This is generally not serious and can be treated at home.

At-home treatment for a sore, bruised penis

A penis injury that results in pain, swelling, bruising or any other noticeable symptoms should always be checked by a doctor, even if it seems fairly minor; if penile bruising develops without any obvious injury, immediate medical attention is required. Once the problem has been diagnosed and treated, there are several things that men can do at home to help reduce any swelling, minimize the discoloration of bruising and ease the pain:

– Apply cool compresses to the penis. A soft washcloth or towel soaked in cool water and applied to the penis for 20 minutes at a time can help ease discomfort and reduce swelling. Ice should never be placed on the penis.

– Add heat. On the second day after an injury, a warm compress, rather than a cool one, can be applied to the bruised area. This can help draw blood to the area to slough away the damaged tissue and speed the healing process.

– Try over-the-counter pain relievers. For more intense pain, some men may want to try an NSAID (such as ibuprofen or naproxen) to take the edge off. Keep in mind that some pain relievers may interact with other medications, so always check with a doctor first.

– Follow up with a penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man1 Man Oil). A nutrient formula that contains a rich mix of vitamins and amino acids – especially vitamin C, which is needed for the growth of healthy circulatory tissue – can help support the healing process, as well as improve the general look and feel of the manhood.

Lisfranc Fracture Dislocation Treatment Information

The Lisfranc fracture-dislocation is a term for the most common changes in the foot, composed of dislocation backbone of the tarsometatarsal joints. The second metatarsal extends down in the row of small bones and acts as a stabilizing force. The bones are held in place by connective tissue (ligaments), which covers both across and down the foot. However, there is no connective tissue holding of the first metatarsal to the second metatarsal. A twisting fall can break or move (pieces), these bones in his place. Treatment options include operative or non-operative treatment. Medical treatment is reserved for injuries found to be anatomically stable.

For treatment, percutaneous screw + / – k-wire will be used for internal fixation of the fracture. Swedish position with a high thigh tourniquet is recommended. Sprains otherwise stable with a tarsal-metatarsal joint can be handled with restraint. Nonanatomic alignment requires open reduction and internal fixation. A corset walk can be prescribed when devices are removed. You may also have to wear a bow and support of hard-soled shoes until all symptoms have disappeared. In some cases, if arthritis develops in these joints, bones may have to be merged.Your orthopaedist will also recommend foot exercises to build strength.

Lisfranc Fracture Dislocation Treatment and Prevention Tips

1. Supine position with a high-thigh tourniquet is recommended.

2. Foot exercises to build strength and help restore full range of motion.

3. A walking brace may be prescribed when the fixation devices are removed.