How Do I Get Rid of Tonsil Stones?

Tonsil stones are white bumps of food particles and bacteria that attach themselves to your tonsils and the areas around your tonsils (tonsillar crypts). Tonsil stones can cause horrific bad breath and a constant feeling of irritation in the throat. Tonsil stones should not be confused with tonsillitis. Tonsillitis is an infection found in the tonsils. It can be either viral or bacterial. Viral infections can not be treated; they simply must be allowed time to go away. Bacterial infections need to be treated with penicillin or some other kind of antibiotic.

Tonsil stones, however, do not need this type of treatment. You can use one of several home remedies to treat this irritating throat bumps. Tonsiloliths, or tonsil stones, can be dislodged. One of the ways to do so is to use a toothpick, cotton swab, or the end of a toothbrush to scrap it off. If this does not work, try using a syringe to blast away the bump. Sometimes, even coughing or squeezing the throat can cause them to become loose.

If the tonsils stones can not be removed, you may want to speak to your doctor to see if laser tonsil surgery is for you. This removed the ridges that collect the tonsil stones and leave a surface that nothing is able to attach to. However, try the home remedies first, as any invasive surgery has risks and is very expensive. The home remedies can save you a lot of money and downtime from surgery. However, if you have a severe symptoms, a surgery may be your best option.

Effects of Stress, Anxiety and Depression On Mental Health

Nervous breakdown occurs when a person is suffering from severe stress for a very long time. There is a sudden change in the behavioural pattern of the person. A person with nervous breakdown is unable to perform his normal duties as done by him earlier.

Some other individuals might experience uncontrollable need to cry, loss of energy, withdrawal, confusion, inability to think clearly, sleep disruption or insomnia and a loss of pleasure in day to day activities, a feeling of worthlessness and depression.
These symptoms are termed as the depressive disorders.

Effects of Stress, Anxiety and depression on mental health
Whatever is the reason of the breakdown; all the breakdowns have in common- the inability to function as normal. The person suffering from nervous breakdown is actually suffering from some sort of mental disorder. Stress, depression and anxiety are all responsible and are related to the mental disorders.

The increase of stress, depression, anxiety levels leads to nervous breakdown. The symptoms of stress, depression and anxiety are lack of energy, exhaustion, trembling hands, disturbed sleeping patterns, excessive worries, irritability, isolation, panic, worthless feelings, guilt, headache, muscle pain, increased heartbeat, loss of sex drive and loss of appetite.

Lack of energy is one of the most common symptoms of stress, depression and anxiety. Even after trying hard to get energized a person cannot achieve that. All finally results in lesser energetic feeling and accounts to lesser motivation level. In a person suffering from stress, depression is mentally exhaustive and hence he is unable to perform his day to day activities normally. No matter even if he takes rest for long hours, he feels exhausted all the time. The trembling symptom is also one of the features of stress and anxiety.

Effects of the stressful situations
When a person is in a stressful situation the body flows with the powerful chemicals such as the adrenaline. There is a change in the sleeping pattern when the person will tend to sleep too much or sleep only for few hours. Once the stress level decreases then the nightmares will disappear. Excessive worry is another symptom of anxiety, stress even for smallest events in life. The person feels negative about every situation.

The sufferers often feel like being alone as they feel awkward around others and rather are alone to avoid this feeling. Loss of appetite is one of the most common features. Reducing food intake further affects energy levels and deprives the body of nourishment, further aggravates stress, depression and anxiety. All these stressful experiences tend to make a person mentally weak and thus, this leads to mental breakdown.

Type 2 Diabetes – A Few Facts and Figures About Diabetes

The reasons why Type 2 diabetes is often underestimated are numerous. Few people realize just how deadly this disease is and its prevalence is understated. And regrettably, its incidence is usually ignored. Millions around the world are currently Type 2 diabetic but are unaware of their condition. If middle-aged adults worldwide went to their doctor for an overdue health check, there is no doubt we would see a significant spike in the numbers.

These are simply the facts. Some fear the truth because having high blood sugar levels needing constant attention can be a shock. But no one should ignore the signs and symptoms of hyperglycemia, hoping the effects will go away. One should not wait until they are feeling unbearable pain and fatigue before determining what the problem is.

Perhaps it would benefit you to become more acquainted with the different forms of diabetes. Regardless of your personal circumstances, it would not hurt to know more about one of the most prevalent (and deadly) diseases in modern society.

Let’s examine some facts and figures regarding diabetes. These statistics are from the United Kingdom…

Roughly four million people are diagnosed diabetics. This figure alone may not seem overwhelming, but remember you must relate it to the total population. Four million diagnosed diabetics constitute a notable portion of the UK population. It is a safe bet at least a few hundred thousand are currently undiagnosed diabetics as well. Which leads us to the following…

1. Four hundred people are diagnosed with diabetes each day. Every hour, 17 people find out they have a form of diabetes. How about those who are not aware of their condition? One can only guess when, or if they will realize they are more than likely prediabetic or Type 2 diabetic.

2. Approximately 90% are diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes which is clearly the most prevalent form of diabetes. That said, if you are not acquainted with Type 1, don’t be misled into thinking it is not as alarming as the more common form of diabetes. Both have an adverse effect on the body. Most people, however, ought to focus on Type 2, since it is the one we can largely influence – for better or worse.

3. Type 2 diabetes afflicts more men than women. It is an interesting statistic, but don’t think females are not as susceptible to developing abdominal fat and high and unstable blood sugar levels as much as males. Prevention and treatment are equally important for both sexes.

4. Diabetes is a proven cause of death. This point is relevant for all populations across the world. Diabetes is a leading cause of mortality. If this doesn’t alarm you, nothing will. Needless to say, the disease must be managed and treated. While there is assistance available, the responsibility lies with the sufferer.

The fact itself cannot change. But the fate of people diagnosed with Type 2 diabetes can certainly be altered. It’s just a matter of making the right decisions.

Obesity – Why Are You Obese?

Obesity is seldom about food. Do you really know why you are obese? Identifying the cause, the real cause can help. Many of you suffer from obesity due to relationships gone array, birth of wanted or unwanted children or any other stress related situation. Do you identify with any of the stated statements?

Obesity-Why are you obese? Simple question with many possible answers.

  • Are you depressed about something you have no control over?
  • Are you stressed about a job, money problems, family worries?
  • Are you alone, alone, having problems with your spouse?
  • Do you have sick parents or other very important family members?
  • Are you a single parent having a hard time making ends meet?

You are not alone. Any reason, that is not medical, is one you can learn to live with and bring your health back to normal. Your body is storing food because you are telling it to. Any of the above mentioned situations gives your mind a reason to store fat to ensure your safety.

  • The problem with obesity is that it quickly gets out of hand and you develop many excuses to justify the problem.
  • Obesity is a symptom of something that happened or is happening to you right now.

My wife and I were very worried about one of our grandschildren. Every thing else in our lives was put on hold for many years. Without any justification we started eating for the wrong reasons and our brains tried to protect us. When we realized what was happening to our bodies, we had a lot of work to do.

What is important is to identify what you are worried about, accept it for what it is, and stop it from letting your body bear the brunt of your worries. It can be done and you can do it.

Food for thought.

Insomnia Treatment Options – How I Overcame My 2 Year Struggle

Have you been trying all the insomnia treatment options, only to find that you still are not able to get to sleep at night?

You are not alone my dear insomnia sufferer. To be blunt at least 64 millions American’s each your suffer from some type of insomnia in one for or shape or another.

Their is a reason that insomnia treatment options sleeping pill industry is a four billion dollar a year business. Sure at first when you start taking sleeping pills you think that you are cured.

  • But let me tell you I am a living example of how your body can become very tolerant to sleeping pills.

Let me tell you my story.

About two years ago I use to suffer with chronic insomnia. Each night I would get maybe a hour and half’s sleep at night. The problem became so bad that I actually lost my job and this was before the recession ever even happened. The problem was that I lost my ability to focus on the task I was doing at work and I was hardly ever thinking clearly.

I tried all the insomnia treatment options I could think of. If it had the chance to give me a good nights sleep I was taking it. If their was a method I discovered while surfing the web, I was trying it. It did not matter how ridiculous or how crazy it seemed. I needed to get some rest for me and my families sake.

I take classes at my local community college in Houston. I decided to see if my psychology teacher had any advice for me. He directed me to this website online with insomnia treatment options and said to take the little quiz on their and that after I take the quiz I should be well on my way to getting rid of my insomnia forever.

Fast forward two and half years later, here I am insomnia free. My life is a whole lot better now, I have a new job that pays more and is just an overall better place of employment. My girlfriend and son no longer how to wonder if I am going to be alright.

If you are suffering from insomnia and have tried all the other insomnia treatment options then shoot me a email I will hook you up with where you can take the quiz and hopefully have similar results as mine.

Yeast Infection

Knowing that you need to better understand this topic I recommend that you take 5 minutes to read what we have to say.

What is a yeast infection and how can you get free of it? If you've never before even heard of yeast infection and you're all of a sudden told by your doctor that you have one, what are you supposed to do? Not much Apparently until you can know and realise what you're up against.

To begin with, it can be declared that a yeast infection is not a very serious condition, though in some cases a repeated yeast infection can be a symptom of an underlying condition.

A yeast infection is a bacterial infection which can occur due to any number of reasons, but the most common ones being that of transfer through intimate intercourse, a regular practise of antibiotics or steroids, and the wrong diet.

You also have such factors as pregnancy, stress, the wrong clothing, hormonal imbalances, and the use of scented feminine hygienics products and douches.

These are only the most common causes for a yeast contagion to occur. There are others such as a weakened resistant system, through a sexually transmitted disease, and if you have extended contact with semen.

It should be notable at this point that though a yeast infection can be inherited from one partner to another during intimate intercourse, it is not classified as being an STD, or a sexually transmitted disease.

A yeast infection can be cured with prescription drug medications, and lately with otc medications, but there is a chance that it could occur again, especially if you do not take any encumbrance measures, or you are subjected to it again without your knowledge usually through sexual relation with an infected partner.

Symptoms of a yeast infection will commonly make itself well known, and you should confer with a doctor instantly to rule out any other condition as being the cause for the condition.

Symptoms can sometimes let in vivid and unbearable itching, rash, a burn sensation, vaginal discharge, and hurting during intimate intercourse. You might also notice a slight swelling of the vulva, redness about the affected area, and the need for frequent urination.

The vaginal discharge which was mentioned above is a well known identifying signal of a yeast infection. It can occur as a thin liquid or milky substance with an egg white appearance, it can be steadfastly and yellowish, or it can have a cottage cheese-like texture to it.

The vaginal discharge might also have an odor accompanying it, and this can incline to be acrid and very pungent, sometimes with a sulfuric smell to it. It can also be quite odourless and in quite aa few cases you will only get a slight yeasty smell … to find more on this topic, please check our web site by clicking on our link below …

Thank you for taking the time to read my article it is greatly appreciated. Try searching through my other articles.

Children’s Foot Problems

Clubfoot.  Clubfoot is a common birth defect occurring in approximately 1 out of every 1000 births.  It affects males more often than females and can affect one or both feet.  Clubfoot should be diagnosed at birth (although sometimes doctors can diagnose clubfoot while the baby is still in the womb) and treatment should begin within the first weeks of the baby’s life.  The most common treatment for clubfoot is called the Ponseti Method.  This method of treatment involves multiple castings of the foot that gradually coax the foot into the corrected position.  Most children make a 100 percent recovery, although the corrected foot tends to be smaller and stiffer than normal.  

Flat Feet.  Most infants appear to have flat feet due to baby fat that conceals the arch of their foot.  Flat feet is relatively common among children (some studies estimate as many as 20 percent of children have flat feet) although it usually goes away in early childhood.  Spending time barefoot will help your child develop healthy arches.  If you think your child may have flat feet, it might be time to take the shoes off!  Some children will not grow out of their flat feet and may experience pain in their feet, ankles, knees, hips and backs as a result of their condition.  Talk to your podiatrist about orthotics (special orthopedic padding) for your child.  These orthotic devices will help support your child’s feet and encourage the muscles in the arch of the foot to develop.  

Ingrown Toenails.  Some children are genetically predisposed to ingrown toenails.  The shape of their nail bed (the skin that lies beneath the nail) or the nail itself may encourage the nail to grow into the skin.  This can especially be problematic among children or adolescents who lack the proper foot hygiene to properly care for their toenails.  Cut younger children’s toenails for them (straight across and not too short), and remind older children to cut their toenails regularly.  

Foot problems in children should be treated early and aggressively to prevent long-term deformity.  You may want to take your child to a podiatrist if you notice unusual bumps on your child’s foot; if you notice signs of infection (look for redness, swelling or discharge); if you notice uneven wear on your child’s shoes (this tends to occur when your child is either flat footed or has high arches); if you notice blotchiness in the skin or toenail problems; if your child has trouble walking or trips over his own two feet; or if your child complains of foot pain or tenderness.

Natural Thyroid Cures – Alternative Treatments

Your thyroid gland is located in the neck, is butterfly shaped, and is the largest gland in the endocrine system. This gland is responsible for many things such as metabolism, energy levels, and how your body reacts to other hormones. The thyroid gland is regulated by the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus gland. Sometimes, when something is irregular, you can have an overactive or underactive thyroid gland. With an overactive thyroid gland, you will have hyperthyroidism, and with an underactive gland you will have hypothyroidism. It can take a while to diagnose these problems by just symptoms alone. A physician can feel your thyroid for abnormalities at your yearly physical, but definitely should be made aware of any issues you may be having that you may not realize are related to thyroid disease. Blood work is one of the most common ways to check a person’s thyroid levels, and is the simplest way as well.

If you do find that your health problems are caused by an over or underactive thyroid gland, there are several things you can do to help the problem. Many doctors rush to prescribe medications that often have risks of side effects worse than the symptoms your thyroid is causing. Now you can find many thyroid natural cures out there as an option. Many people have found that high quality multivitamins with plenty of minerals and Vitamin C can work wonders for their thyroid disease.

Here are a few more thyroid natural cures that you can look into or consider:

  • Exercise programs such as a yoga routine
  • Nutritional changes
  • Natural Hormone Supplements
  • Maca, and herb that is in the same family as the turnip or broccoli

Some people have even turned to ancient Chinese practices as thyroid natural cures, but more severe cases may need additional options. The best thing to do is prevent the problem from happening in the beginning. If you have certain risk factors such as immediate family with thyroid disease, then the best choice would be to prevent this from happening by using the thyroid natural cures mentioned above.

Psoriasis Natural Treatment With Handmade Soap

There are many possible causes of psoriasis, such as environmental factors, drugs, hormonal changes, genetic factors and even stress. While there is no permanent cure for the psoriasis disease but it can be controlled with the right treatment and special care, so that it does not flare up again.

Psoriasis is a skin condition where the skin becomes very dry, peeling, rough, thick and cracked. Common areas of affliction includes hands, feet, back, elbows, and even scalp. Sometimes, you can see dry skin and chaffing at the tips of your fingers, or cracked heels. Some people suffer from psoriasis on their backs, where sweat is trapped and the skin condition worsens. It is most times accompanied by itching, and massive scaling or even bleeding may occur when scratched.

Using regular commercial soaps or shower gels found in the supermarkets may be too harsh on afflicted irritated skin. If afflicted skin comes in contact with some of the chemicals in the ingredients, it could worsen and become inflamed. Synthetic cosmetics in regular commercial soap can cause an imbalance in our skin, and synthetic fragrance ingredients such as oxidized linalool, could further complicate matters by causing irritation due to allergy.

Special care should be taken to use only handmade natural soap, made of all natural ingredients, contains no harmful chemicals and is gentle and beneficial to your skin. Although natural soap is not your miracle cure, it can help to soothe your skin and hydrate it the natural way with vegetable oils, which is able to retain the moisture of your skin while allowing your skin to breathe and heal naturally.

Handmade natural soap is very different from the regular commercial soaps found in supermarkets. The process of making the soap and the ingredients put into it is vastly different.

The animal fat that is widely used in making commercial soap can block the skins breathing system. In handmade natural soap, vegetable oil from plants and herbs is used. Vegetable oil can help the skin to retain moisture on the skin while allowing the skin to breathe, detoxify and absorb moisture from the air.

Handmade natural soap creates a natural protective barrier for your skin against environmental stresses such as ultraviolet rays from the sun, pollution, cold and dry air. The essential fatty acids found naturally in handmade soap help to regulate moisture, nourish and restore the health of the skin. Natural essential oils that are added to handmade soap helps to soothe your stress and relax your body, the way nature intended it.

Toenail Fungus Treatment- Make Your Nails Healthy Again

The toe nails are most prone to fungal infections. The reason behind this is the constant heat and sweating of the feet due to close environment of the shoes. There are numerous fungal infections possible due to different types of fungus. Athlete’s foot is one of the most common types of fungal infection of the toe nail. To cure the infection there are numerous types of toenail fungus treatment.

Nail Fungus Treatment- Creams, Oral Tablets and Nail Polishes

The healthy nails turn ugly nails due to the infection. The nails become yellow and brittle. They give out odor and look very unhealthy. To make them healthy nails again there are numerous nail fungus treatments. Market is full of oral tablets, though it is highly recommended to consult the doctor before taking the oral tablets. The oral tablets are harmful to the kidney and liver during the long run. Numerous creams and lotions are available as over-the-counter drugs across the globe. One can take and apply these topical creams without doctor’s consultation. Other than that, some medicated nail polishes are also available whose regular use can cure the infected nail quiet soon.

Toenail Fungus Treatment- Home Remedies

The ugly nails can be turned to healthy nails through certain home remedies too. The common home remedies are vicks vapo rub, vinegar, mouth wash, etc. all these things have certain percentage of alcohol in them. Due to it they possess killing properties of the fungus. Hence applying them regularly can cure the fungal infection completely. The feet should be cleaned regularly and kept dry at all cost. This prevents the recurring of the infection. Jojoba oil, tea tree oil etc should be used to bring back the lost luster of the toe nails.

Online Nail Fungus Treatment

The drugs for curing the toenail fungus treatment can now be bought online. Buying online will make you eligible for heavy discounts on the drugs. For more information on the matter kindly search the net. Nail fungus treatment has become too common and most of the drugs are now available as over-the-counter drugs.

Natural Candida Cleansing – Rid Your Body Of This Destructive Fungus

Natural Candida cleansing is becoming a popular choice for many yeast overgrowth sufferers now for a number of reasons. The main one is more men and women now know that it’s anti bacterial and anti fungal drugs that are the main cause of Candida overgrowth in the first place. This means that taking more drugs just makes the infection worse so a natural cure is the only way to successfully eliminate the mutated yeast from their body.

Anti bacterial drugs like antibiotics are causing the harmless Candida Albicans yeast to mutate now in more users digestive tracts than ever. This is causing unexplained symptoms that are leading to incorrect diagnoses from doctors worldwide.

Once you have Candida overgrowth in your intestines there is no drug that can be prescribed that will successfully rid your body of yeast. The reason for this is, they upset your body’s natural bacterial and chemical balance even further than they already have so your body becomes more habitable for the yeast to multiply in.

Natural Candida cleansing reverses the damage that has been caused by these anti bacterial drugs. A natural approach to the elimination of the Candida fungus from your system attacks the overgrowth from all directions. This is another area where drugs fail as they only do one thing and that’s kill all the living bacteria in your body. The problems with this is you need some of the bacteria to help your body get back to good health, and that is your friendly, Candida fighting, beneficial bacteria.

Your friendly bacteria are needed to keep your intestines clean, and keep all the infection causing bacteria and fungus under control so they don’t cause you any problems. A natural Candia cleansing program encourages the re-growth of friendly bacteria as well as eliminates the Candida yeast.

Naturally ridding your body of Candida also strengthens your immune system. Your immune system needs to be strong so it can defend you against any recurrence of the infection, and protect you against any other type of infection. Anti bacterial drugs weaken your immune system which is another reason why they’re no good in the fight against Candida. These drugs kill your friendly bacteria, and your friendly bacteria are needed for a health immune system.

Natural Candida cleansing does all of the following…

Starves the yeast
Kills the yeast
Repopulates your intestines with immune boosting friendly bacteria
Cleanses you whole body
Gives you’re your vibrant health back
Increases your overall well being

Once you have done all of these you will feel like a new person who feels and looks younger, has more energy and wakes up looking forward to the day ahead.

What Are Summer Allergies?

Some people do not know that their allergies can act up during any season, including the summer. Sometimes people can only experience symptoms during the summer months. Summer reactions are dependent on a variety of things, and can affect anyone. This article will briefly describe this type of seasonal reaction and their causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatments.

Before you understand the concept of summer sensitivities you must first understand allergies in general. They are abnormal reactions by the immune system. These reactions are caused when certain stimuli enter or touch the body. These stimuli produce multiple symptoms and come from a variety of causes. People that experience these types of reactions can become very uncomfortable or hardly notice it at all. These types of susceptibilities can affect anyone, but can be treated.

Summer allergies are reactions that occur mainly in the summer months. They are common among many people, but are not as frequently diagnosed as other types of hypersensitivities. People that experience them are most likely to be allergic to grass or pollen. Although it is thought that these seasonal reactions only occur outside that is also not true. Many people have inside and outside sensitivities during the hot months.

Some of the symptoms are runny nose, watery eyes, coughing and sneezing. All of these things can be due to any type of allergy and can cause extreme discomfort. The most common symptom is having itchy eyes or nose. Those hat experience summer allergies, just like any other, will most likely experience itching as well. Although these are the most commonly known symptoms people may still experience other symptoms.

Diagnosing these types of hypersensitivities can be quite complex at times. The diagnosis will directly depend on the type of reactions you encounter. The most common diagnostic technique is by injecting small amounts of the substances into your body. When the substances, for example pollen or ragweed, are injected into your skin, your body will have an immediate reaction. If the body does nothing than you are most likely not allergic to that substance, however if your body swells or turns red you are sensitive. Even though there are other ways to diagnose them, this is the most frequently used method.

When treating aversions doctors may take many different approaches. Doctors may recommend you stay away from things such as poison ivy or poison sumac. Other times doctors will prescribe you an antihistamine. Histamine is the substance produced during an allergic reaction. An antihistamine will prevent that substance from producing. Other treatments include nasal spray and eye drops. Both of these things will reduce symptoms and make vulnerabilities much easier to live with.

Reactions during the hot months are a common disorder and can affect anyone. For those people that experience them they are recommended to seek medical attention. The signs of these types of reactions can be extremely aggravating, or hardly noticeable. It is important to remember that they can be diagnosed and treated. People that experience sensitivities are not hopeless and can be helped. They are not the most common type of reactions, however they can occur.

Amberen Side Effects

Amberen is an increasingly popular product which is being used by thousands of women each year but what are some of the side effects? The website is annoyingly cryptic about this important question, so in this article I will write about some of the reported side effects of the natural menopause treatment.

Amberen has been tested on a number of patients and they claim that there are absolutely no significant side effects but I have not found this to be true. Over at my website menopause reviews, we have found that there are actually a number of quite scary side effects that tend to be associated with taking amberen.

Having said that, Amberen appears relatively safe. It should not cause any long term damage and any of the symptoms listed tend to quickly disappear after stopping treatment. Having said that, if Amberen side effects are causing you major problems, please talk to your doctor as soon as possible and get a professional opinion. Here are some of the effects experienced by women who have taken Amberen:

  • Headaches
  • Temporary increase in hot flushes
  • Nausea
  • Hive-like Rashes (Especially around the neck region it seems)
  • Watering Eyes / Nose
  • Heart Palpitations
  • Irritability

Fortunately, these seem to still only affect quite a small number of people.

It is sad that there are potential reactions but any treatment is likely to give a reaction in a minority of people. My suggestion is that you give it a try and if after a week there are still issues then stop treatment. I say leave it a week as there are some women on our website who initially had problems but then ended up swearing by Amberen.

Depression and Gambling Addiction

Does gambling addiction cause depression? Or … does depression cause this problem. This is a classic case of what comes first..the chicken or the egg. Having worked as a counselor for 10 years in the mid eighties to early nineties, both illnesses were always separated. I could never understand this because both are so intricately intertwined. How can you separate the two illnesses?

And … how can you really try to figure out which happens first.

Anybody with a gambling problem that has any life consequences is surely going to experience depression.

In the "winning phase" … when the gambler is still winning and in his or her glory, depression will not co-exist. However, once the addiction progresses, and the person begins losing money, going into debt, and experiencing social, emotional, and physical consequences, depression is sure to ensue.

Was the individual with a gambling affliction depressed before? Maybe they could have been depressed before the addiction .. and maybe not. The bottom line is that the person with gambling problems is sure to become severely depressed in direct relationship to the consequences of the gambling behavior.

It is hard to separate gambling and depression because gambling addiction is a lonely, isolating, demoralizing disorder. Depression has the same type of qualities.

Compulsive gambling and the stress and chaos that it causes in one's life can result in despondency, lack of sleep, hopelessnes, helplessness, loss of self esteem, sadness, and suicidal thoughts. It is very hard to separate gambling addiction and depression. This addiction is a very depressing affliction.

Blood test- Liver Function Test(LFT)



Liver function tests help doctors find out whether the liver has been damaged. If your child is experiencing symptoms of liver disease — including jaundice (yellowish skin or eyes), dark urine, nausea, vomiting, or abdominal swelling — these tests may be ordered. They may also be done to help diagnose viral infections (such as hepatitis or mononucleosis) or to monitor medications that can cause liver-related side effects.

The hepatic function panel, also known as liver function tests, is a group of seven tests used to evaluate the liver for injury, infection, or inflammation.

The liver plays important roles: It stores energy from food, makes proteins, and helps remove toxins. The liver also makes bile, a fluid that helps in digestion.

The hepatic function panel evaluates:

  • Alanine aminotransferase (ALT). This enzyme, found in the liver, plays a role in metabolism, the process that converts food into energy. If the liver is injured, ALT is released into the bloodstream. Its levels are especially high with acute hepatitis.
  • Alkaline phosphatase (ALP). This enzyme is found in the liver, bones, intestines, kidneys, and other organs. Kids and teens normally have higher levels of ALP than adults, even when they’re healthy, due to bone growth. But ALP levels can also increase when kids have viral infections, liver diseases, or blocked bile ducts.
  • Aspartate aminotransferase (AST). This enzyme, which plays a role in processing proteins, is found in the liver, heart, muscles, and kidneys. When the liver is injured or inflamed, levels of AST in the blood usually rise.
  • Total bilirubin and direct bilirubin. Bilirubin is a byproduct of the normal breakdown of red blood cells. It usually passes through the liver and is excreted from the body. But if that doesn’t happen due to a liver disease, bilirubin levels in the blood can rise and the skin can take on the yellow discoloration known as jaundice. Tests for bilirubin may be total (measuring the level of all of the bilirubin in the blood) or direct (measuring only bilirubin that has been processed by the liver and attached to other chemicals).
  • Albumin and total protein. Protein is needed to build and maintain muscles, bones, blood, and organ tissue. Sometimes when there’s a problem with the liver, it can’t make proteins as well, so protein levels decrease. Liver function tests measure albumin specifically (the major blood protein produced by the liver), as well as the total amount of all proteins in the blood.

Preparation

Although the hepatic function panel can be done without any preparation, it’s more accurate when performed after fasting. Your child may be asked to stop eating and drinking for 10 to 12 hours before this blood test. You should also tell your doctor about any medications your child is taking because certain drugs might alter the test results.

On the day of the test, having your child wear a short-sleeve shirt can make things easier for the technician who will be drawing the blood.

The Procedure

A health professional will usually draw the blood from a vein. For an infant, the blood may be obtained by puncturing the heel with a small needle (lancet). If the blood is being drawn from a vein, the skin surface is cleaned with antiseptic, and an elastic band (tourniquet) is placed around the upper arm to apply pressure and cause the veins to swell with blood. A needle is inserted into a vein (usually in the arm inside of the elbow or on the back of the hand) and blood is withdrawn and collected in a vial or syringe.

After the procedure, the elastic band is removed. Once the blood has been collected, the needle is removed and the area is covered with cotton or a bandage to stop the bleeding. Collecting blood for this test will only take a few minutes.

drawing_bloodheel_prick_illustration

What to Expect

Either method (heel or vein withdrawal) of collecting a sample of blood is only temporarily uncomfortable and can feel like a quick pinprick. Afterward, there may be some mild bruising, which should go away in a day or so.

Getting the Results

The blood sample will be processed by a machine. Parts of a hepatic function panel may be available in minutes in an emergency, but more commonly the full test results come after a few hours or the next day.

If any of the results seem to point to liver damage or disease, further testing may be necessary to determine what’s causing the problem and how to treat it.

Risks

The hepatic function panel is considered a safe procedure. However, as with many medical tests, some problems can occur with having blood drawn:

  • fainting or feeling lightheaded
  • hematoma (blood accumulating under the skin causing a lump or bruise)
  • pain associated with multiple punctures to locate a vein

Helping Your Child

Having a blood test is relatively painless. Still, many children are afraid of needles. Explaining the test in terms your child can understand might help ease some of the fear.

Allow your child to ask the technician any questions he or she might have. Tell your child to try to relax and stay still during the procedure, as tensing muscles and moving can make it harder and more painful to draw blood. It also may help if your child looks away when the needle is being inserted into the skin.