Eye Doctors Have Genetic Tests For Glaucoma – What Is Available For Your Eye Exam and Diagnosis

Glaucoma is a complex disease caused by multiple factors. In plain English, that means it is not one disease and not caused by one factor only. Recent knowledge has made us acutely aware that eye pressure is not the determining factor in the diagnosis of glaucoma. When the pressure inside the eye was above 21 in the past glaucoma was thought to be present. Today we know that some individuals will never develop glaucoma even though their eye pressure readings may stay in the 30's while other patients can not tolerate normal pressures without sustaining sight loss. Glaucoma is more of a vascular disease of the optic nerve of the eye. When the auto-regulation of the blood supply starts to fail, vision begins degrating. High eye pressures do cause compression of the blood vessels supplying the nerve, but healthy blood vessels with good auto-regulation mechanisms can sustain very high pressures. Eye pressure is not static and can vary throughout the day. When we read it once when we are at the optometrists office it is only a thin slice of what your pressure range could be over a 24 hour period.

The Human Genome Project mapped the human gene structure and was an intensive undertaking completed in 2003 taking 13 years and sequencing over 3 billion codes of base pair information. This has opened the doors to tremendous future strides in treating all diseases. There is a chromosome with a gene that codes for the production of a protein that makes up part of the structure of the mesh work in the anterior chamber of the eye .. This mesh work is responsible for keeping the fluid balance in check by allowing continual drainage. When something goes awry with the drain the pressure goes up increasing your risk for developing glaucoma. One company has developed a test for defects in the gene that makes this protein. Unfortunately, this gene is only responsible for about 4% of the cases of glaucoma. It can be useful when there is a suspected family history since patients with this genetic marker tend to have rapidly developing glaucoma and should be treated more aggressively. It also tends to be more commonly associated with glaucoma under the age of 40. One other glaucoma gene has also had mutations that appear to be associated with open angle glaucoma, the form that is responsible for 95% of the cases of glaucoma. One other gene has reportedly been associated with an increased incidence of glaucoma in patients with normal pressures. An uncommon form of glaucoma know as exfoliation has also seen the development of a genetic marker test, but due to the rarity of this condition it is not widely used.

All together, probably less than 10% of glaucoma has a direct genetic cause, and due to the expense of genetic testing it is rarely utilized. The complexity of testing is compounded by the fact that numerous defects at each gene can occur, and sometimes it may take two or more genes with flaws to create glaucoma. Even the most accepted genetic factor may cause glaucoma from defects in areas other than the mesh work. It is very early in the age of genomics. Perhaps the greatest benefits will not be in diagnosing glaucoma but in tailoring treatment and actually curing some forms of glaucoma in the future.

General health issues are the most important risk factors, and some you can control. Smoking and cardiovascular diseases are high risk factors for developing glaucoma. Make sure you stay fit and have well controlled blood pressure. Keep preventative appointment and regular eye exams to monitor the eye pressure. Age is a risk factor but consider it a good one. A longer life is usually better all things considered! Most vision insurance plans like Vision Service Plan, Medicare, and many others cover preventative annual eye examinations.

Myopia – How Far Can You Really See?

How far can you really see? Simple question, is not it? But I am not talking about seeing with your eyes. I think even blind people can see things in their mind, but I am not going to dwell too much on that, but instead I hope to take you beyond your natural inclinations to think deeply on a much more interesting topic.

In his highly acclaimed book, The 7 Habits of Highly Effective People, Stephen Covey presents strong lessons in personal change.

In the 2nd habit, the author suggests to begin with the end in mind. What it all means is to begin with the image of the end of your life as the frame of reference by which everything else is measured.

Covey illustrates the concept with a visualization exercise asking you to imagine that at the end of your life, you are able to listen to what was being said at your funeral. He further invites you to determine what you would like to hear people say about you as a father, a life partner, a college … kind of life that will make it happen.

The book further went on to suggest developing a personal mission statement, philosophy or credo based on your values ​​and principles that will help you focus on what you want to be (character), and do (contributions and achievements).

All this is based on the theory that all things are created twice and that there is a mental first creation and there is a physical second creation and that management is being efficient by doing things right, while leadership is being effective by doing the right things.

Some people have adopted the principles of this book and have gone on to become highly successful and effective people. There are also countless other people who could not fully implement the principles because they could not bear to change their characters first. Perhaps, their over-inflated egos or impatience has preempted them from achieving what they want. After trying out some of the ideas, they come to realize that the book is not a quick-fix book. They need to change their own way of looking at things, and start to mature from a dependent stage, to an independent stage and then to an interdependent stage before they can really see some substantive results.

For those who had some success, should they be overjoyed with their achievements?

Now, come back to the question, "How far can you really see?" Does your journey end at your funeral?

In the book, The Purpose Driven Life, by Rick Warren, the author explores the question of what on earth I am here for. When you read about the 5 purposes for living this life, you will soon discover that God is part of the equation. When we come to think of it, our life on earth is really very short – 60, 80 or even 100 years.

As Jesus Christ said in Matt 7: 24 ~ 27, "So, then, anyone who hears these words of mine and acts accordingly is like a wise man, who built his house on rock. wind blew and stuck that house, but it did not collapse because it was built on rock But anyone who hears these words of mine and does not act accordingly, is like a fool who built his house on sand. flooded, and the wind blew and stuck that house; it collapsed and the ruin was complete. "

So how far can you see beyond this life? We should be aiming for eternal life!

Health Care Reform and Coordination of Benefits

The current discussion of expanding health care options through federal legislation deals primarily with big issues – like how to pay for the new coverage and how proposed reforms would change the current medical care system. One of the smaller questions not showing up on many radar screens is how health care reform would impact coordination of benefits issues.

The current method of paying for health care in the US is contracted of many different medical coverage "silos". Any given individual- depending on the nature of the disease or injury and how it is arose- may be entitled to have medical treatment paid for by any one of many different plans that provide for payment of medical expenses: group health, workers' compensation, automobile no-fault, homeowner's, liability and a government-sponsored plan like Medicare or Medicaid.

When Uncle Larry was hurt in a motor vehicle collision while making a delivery for his employer, the hospital that treated his broken arm could have conceivably billed Larry or Larry's employers 'workers' compensation insurance carrier or Larry's group health insurer or Larry's auto no-fault insurance carrier or Medicare. Traditionally, those potential payers have operated within separate silos, with little or no sharing of information between them about who had coverage for Larry and about the circumstances of Larry's arm getting broken. Any one of those health coverage plans could have ended up being billed for and paying the hospital charges.

Under the existing Medicare Secondary Payer statute Medicare is not obliged to pay Larry's hospital bill and would only be liable for payment if none of the other coverage was in force. Any workers' compensation, liability, no fault and group health plan or policy in effect for Larry must pay before Medicare is obligatory to pay.

Currently, systems are in place for Medicare to discover what other health care coverages are in effect for its beneficies, to find out what payments other health coverage have made on behalf of its beneficies and to recover reimbursements for Medicare payments made when a primary coverage is in effect. The Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, the federal agency tasked with administering the Medicare program, has a rather robust system in place for enforcing the secondary non-paying rules and minimizing the number of cases in which Medicare pays for treatment that another payer is obliged to pay .

Medicaid, on the other hand, is administrated by state agencies. Due in part to very low-income-eligibility standards, the typical Medicaid beneficiary would not have other, private medical payment coverage in force. Accordingly, there is no single, effective process in place to coordinate benefits between Medicaid and any other medical treatment payers available to a Medicaid beneficiary.

The health care reform proposals now being debated in Congress would-very very terms- expand health care coverage in four ways:

o increasing the number of people who qualify for Medicare (eg decreasing eligibility age from 65 to 55)
o increasing the number of people who would qualify for Medicaid (eg increasing maximum income levels to 150% of the federal poverty level)
o accelerating qualification requirements for existing private insurance policies, and
o creating a new publicly-administered health insurance plan.

Clearly, enactment of legislation expanding the number of people covered by health insurance will increase the incidence of overlapping or duplicative coverage. That will increase opportunities for payment of medical expenses by the wrong payer. That will increase the need for effective information sharing among the non-paying silos and enforcement of payment priorities.

One aspect of the health care reform movement that will be particularly helpful in the coordination of benefits is an expansion of electronic data exchange between the health care payers. If the hospital that treated Uncle Larry's broken arm was able to put Larry's social security number and a few other key data elements into a web-based database accessed and fed by all potential health expenditure payers, it could be a pretty simple process to determine who the bill should be sent to, avoid payment by the wrong payer and find opportunities for reimbursements when payment is made by the wrong party.

Federal law (42 USC 1320d-2) already requires CMS to develop a system for electronic data exchange of health information for the purpose of improving the operation and reducing the costs of the health care system. The principle health care reform bill pending in Congress – HR 3200- covers over 1,000 pages of text. One sentence of that bill deals with coordination of benefits:

"Not later than 1 year after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Secretary of Health and Human Services shall promulgate a final rule to establish a standard for health claims attachment transaction described in section 1173 (a) (2) (B) of the Social Security Act (42 USC 1320d-2 (a) (2) (B)) and coordination of benefits. "

Bingo.

Get everyone on the same (web) page, and make sure that includes Medicaid (since expanding eligibility for Medicaid will increase opportunities for duplicative coverage and need for coordination.)

Your C-Section Incision – Look Out For These 4 Warning Signs of Potential Problems Ahead

Your C-section incision needs to be monitored regularly for the first few weeks, watching for any changes in its appearance.

There are some changes and conditions that are normal to see with your C-section incision, but other differences that could be signs of potential problems ahead. It is common to feel a large ridge or lump under the scar which is scar tissue forming underneath, this should reduce over time.

Another common concern many moms notice is the area often feels slightly numb and tight. These are all normal responses to the effects of the operation and should all gradually become less noticeable over the following weeks.

It is important to be very vigilant over your C-section incision scar because if it becomes infected, the healing process can take many weeks longer.

You should always call your doctor or midwife immediately if you notice any of the following: –

#1 Redness – the edges of a healing incision will normally appear slightly red, this is a natural reaction to the healing process. If the redness increases or starts to spread more than half an inch from around the wound then this could be a sign of something a little more sinister and you should contact your doctor or health advisor.

#2 Heat or excessive warmth on or around the wound. If your wound feels particularly hot compared to previous sensations and if this is accompanied by new pain or discomfort, then it be worth having it looked at.

#3 Any change or unusual appearance of the incision. Your C-section incision should gradually become less inflamed, smoother in appearance, less painful and more comfortable over the following weeks. In you notice any changes other than improvements, monitor them closely and if they continue or deteriorate any further then speak to your doctor.

#4 Any puss in the incision. If you suddenly notice a pussy discharge from your C-section incision after having a clean wound previously, or if the area starts to get mildly tender or painful, this could be a sign that it isn’t knitting together very well and again you need to monitor the area closely and speak to your doctor if it continues for more than 24 – 48 hours.

If your C-section incision pulls apart and starts bleeding, apply an antibiotic cream, to keep any bacteria away from the wound. Do not apply any creams other than an antibiotic cream until your incision has completely healed. If you notice any bleeding, applying slight pressure to the wound may help to stop this. If the wound keeps bleeding after you apply pressure, call your doctor.

It important to stay vigilant and not obsessive over your C-section incision because any problems spotted early can reduce their severity over the long term. Don’t panic over the slightest change, just monitor it and if you see further deterioration then contact your doctor or health care advisor.

Boo Hoo, The Flu – Top Three Homeopathic Remedies For the Flu

Are you worried about the flu? You need not be. Get yourself set with the remedies best suited to this year's flu season with the top three homeopathic remedies. If you're already attuned to the way homeopathy works, you know that each person reacts to a flu in a different way and that often this requires different remedies for each person. However, I'll let you in a secret that experienced homeopaths know. That is, once the flu season begins, there are often only one or two that seem to present for many people. Have them on hand and you and your family will be covered.

The most common remedy for people on the go is Nux vomica 30. It covers the first set of symptoms of chills especially down the back, exhaustion, and that beat up feeling from achy joints. Take it immediately every 3-4 hours and be sure to get sleep and plenty of water, bone stock, freshly made orange juice or raw milk. Staying hydrated is key. Sometimes this person experiences gastro intestinal discomforts and it is likely that if the above cluster of symptoms presents, Nux vomica will resolve the illness within a day or two. Stay away from over the counter meds, as they prolong the illness in the long run.

If the weather is warm and then turns cold, such as in the fall or spring or the person is warm and then steps out into the cold air, the shock of the cold can soon bring a cold or flu. In this case, the best remedy is Dulcamara 30 taken the same as for Nux vomica. And interestingly, if these remedies work well, it is likely the same remedy will be correct for other family members and people in daily close contact.

When the flu comes on with extreme exhaustion as the main symptom, consider Gelsemium. This is the remedy used by the infamous homeopathic doctors of the 1918 flu epidemic. Records indicated that those under the care of homeopaths had survival rates that greatly exceeded those under the care of doctors who had nothing in their bags.

With this method, it is best to take the remedy as soon as possible after the first symptoms appear. The longer you wait, the longer it can take to recover, since the illness has progressed. Get ready, have your remedies and good chicken stock at hand and prepare for a short duration of illness when you use the most intelligent medicine on the earth – Homeopathy .

Causes of Toenail Fungus and Fingernail Fungus

Nail fungus is unsightly, difficult to treat and difficult to prevent.

This frustrates many people and leads them to taking the toxic drug Lamisil.

Learn what causes nail fungus:

* Trauma: when a nail is hit against something, the nail lifts from the nail bed allowing fungus to creep under the nail and set in. If the nail is protected immediately after, fungus may be prevented. Ask your doctor how to prevent bacteria and fungi from getting under your nail bed. Salt water soaks, hydrogen peroxide, betadine, gentian violet all may help. However, be careful as these can be contraindicated with certain types of trauma – especially severa trauma. Ask your doctor.

* Environment: when a nail is exposed to wet areas, high humidity, warm temperatures, or alkaline environment [high pH], this sets up the opportune spot for fungus to set in. Create a dry, breathable and acidic environment. Vegetarians are more prone to fungus as their diet is highly alkaline. Soap is alkaline forming but it is also anti-bacterial so what to do there? Skin is supposedly to be slightly acidic so use moisturizers that promote that. Moor mud moisturizers provide an acidic pH. Use all cotton or all wool socks as these breathe well. Avoid synthetic socks which do not wick water away from your feet.

* Weak immune function: if the immune system is not functioning strongly, it can not fight local infections such as fungus. Support the immune system with proper diet, rest, exercise and supplements.

* Poor blood circulation: without proper blood flow to an area, the immune system can not get there. Then fungus can set it. Also poor blood flow leads to poor nail nutrition allowing the nail bed to be traumatized more easily – trauma may lead to nail fungus. Exercise, dress appropriately and consider contrast showers. They warm you up and increase circulation.

These are some of the major causes of nail fungus. Read our other articles explaining how to treat nail fungus naturally.

Shingles – Treatment and Prevention

Most of us get chickenpox as children, and a few of us are left with a tell-tale souvenir of the experience: a tiny scar on the face or neck where we scratched once too often. But some of us are left with another legacy of that usually harmless childhood infection: shingles.

Shingles is an excruciatingly painful rash which occurs in people who have had chickenpox. The virus that causes chickenpox, scientifically known as the varicella-zoster virus, is the same one that causes shingles (a form of the herpes virus). What happens is that after you've had the pox, it lies dormant in your body. Then, sometimes decades later, it re-emerges – in the form of a painful and unfortunately painful and unpleasant rash.

Sadly, shingles is a lot nastier than chickenpox for the vast majority of people who come down with it. The worst bit, although it is fairly uncommon, is that you can be left with postherpetic neuralgia. The best way to explain it is that your skin "keeps" a memory of the rash, making it extremely painful to touch for years to come, even after the original infection is gone.

About one in five people who develop shingles get posttherpetic neuralgia, and the majority of them see the pain disappear in about one to three months. For people who have it quite badly there are several medications on offer, including ones used to treat depression and seizures (now there's a bonus!). However, it usually takes a few weeks for them to work.

Some researchers say that shingles is not just a skin disease requiring a trip to the dermatologist, but a nerve disorder. It has been described as feeling like a hot curling iron being applied to the skin. The reason: the root of the nerves is where the chickenpox virus has been hiding ever since you got it, probably as a child. Now it's emerging again – but this time with a vengeance.

Knowing You Have Shingles

Shingles can mimic other infections, but it's actually fairly easy to spot (no pun intended). For some bizarre reason it occurs on one side of the body or face only, and is characterized by a chickenpox-type rash full of fluid-filled blisters. Some lucky folk just find that their shingles itch, others find them too painful to believe.

According to the Mayo Clinic, here are the signs that you might have shingles:

Pain, burning, tingling, numbness or extreme sensitivity in a certain part of your body
A red rash that begins a few days after the pain
Fluid-filled blisters that break open and crush over
Itching
Fever and chills
Headache
Upset stomach or abdominal pain

Please note that if you never had a chickenpox but were inoculated against it, you are still a prime candidate for contracting shingles. Sorry!

Preventing Shingles

The Zostavax vaccine will reduce the risk of getting shingles – and can reduce the duration of the infection if you catch it. Originally the vaccine was for people aged 60 and above only. In trials, it cut the number of infection in half. Treating a first attack with antiviral drugs can also reduce the severity of the infection.

Interestingly, adults with shingles can pass the virus onto others, usually a child, and he or she will get chickenpox. You can not pass actual shingles on to others, and people with chickenpox can not pass on shingles to others.

Here is what an individual identified only as Q wrote on a sports website about his experience with shingles:

"Had it on the side of my head over to my eyelid about 3 years ago. Sore head for about a week, then got worse and suddenly felt like someone was crushing my head in a vice for about a week. a couple of weeks plus 2 types of painkillers. Also eye drops to stop spread onto eyeball which can cause blindness. I still get pain in that side of my head now and again, apparently this is quite common and can last for years. "

Shingles Complications

Like its little brother chickenpox, shingles is usually reliably harmless. But it can cause complications in some people. If you are HIV-positive, had had a recent organ transplant or have a suppressed immunity for other reasons, stay far away – ditto if you are pregnant or an adult who has never had chickenpox. In these people, shingles can cause sever complications.

There is often the rare complication of Ramsay Hunt syndrome, which occurs when shingles affects the ear. This can cause not only earache but also dizziness, facial paralysis and confusion. Extremely rarely shingles can also affect the brain and vision.

Remember that the virus can be reactivated, although typically this happens with older people who have an impaired immune condition. Having chemo or radiotherapy, excess alcohol consumption, taking steroids long-term and stress can all play a role in activating shingles. In fact, doctors have said that stress can play a major role in our getting the virus.

If you get shingles stay away from vulnerable people and take it easy. It will usually clear up on its own within a few weeks. You can take oatmeal baths and apply creams to treat the symptoms, much as you would do with chickenpox, and also take antiviral drugs – the earlier the better. They will shorten the duration of the infection and help make it more bearable.

The information in the article is not intended to substitute for the medical expertise and advice of your health care provider. We encourage you to discuss any decisions about treatment or care an appropriate health care provider.

Kwashiorkor in an Affluent Society

Kwashiokor is a form of protein-energy malnutrition that we generally associate with children from war-torn countries of Africa. The financial and social affluence generally protects our population, especially the children, from protein deprivation. The low incidence of Kwashiokor delays its diagnosis in the special groups that are at risk of developing it. Chase HP, in a review of kwashiorkor, suggests that children on severe protein restriction due to nutritional ignorance, perceived milk intolerance, or food faddism can develop Kwashiokar. Chronic malabsorptive conditions such as cystic fibrosis are also a high-risk group. Hospitalized patients with decreased nutritional intake or severe nutritional loss are also prone to protein-energy malnutrition.

The symptoms include retardation in stature and tissue development, poor development of muscle and lack of tone, edema, potbelly, swollen legs and face, anorexia and diarrhea. The person stops interacting with the surroundings. The pathologic and biochemical changes include fatty infiltration of the liver, reduced serum levels of triglycerides, phospholipids, and cholesterol, reduced amylase, lyase and trypsin. Serum proteins and albumin fractions are markedly reduced. Hemoglobin levels are especially reduced. This could be a serious complication leading to blindness and death. (Chetali Agrawal, 2000).

Dietary management for kwashiorkor concentrates mainly on providing a diet that is high in protein. Five grams of proteins/kg of body weight/day should be given for the existing weight. The calories derived from protein should be 10% of the total calculated calories per day if the main source is animal protein. If the main or the only source is from cereals and pulses, then the percentage of calories derived from protein can be 13 to 14% of the total calories because of the net protein utilization of cereals and pulses is around 60% whereas in milk or eggs, it is around 90%. Though vegetable proteins are as good as milk proteins in reversing the acute manifestation of kwashiorkor, they are inferior in their ability to promote regeneration of serum albumin. This can be overcome by giving 3 parts of vegetable protein to one part of animal protein like skim milk (Srilakshmi)

Dietary supplements containing proteins like whey and casein can be of benefit in malnourished subjects. Casein is a milk protein and has the ability to form a gel or clot in the stomach. The ability to form this clot makes it very efficient in nutrient supply. The clot is able to provide a sustained slow release of amino acids into the blood stream, sometimes lasting for several hours (Boirie et al., 1997)

Micellar casein is an extremely slow digesting and rich protein source that continues to feed the muscle (which is essential for kwashiorkor) long after whey protein has passed through the digestive system. In fact, studies with this under-rated form of isolated casein protein (Proc Natl. Acad Sci USA 1997) have demonstrated it to sustain steady amino acid elevation for an incredible seven hours. It was shown to offer a strong anti-catabolic effect not noticed with fast digesting whey protein, and actually fostered a much more positive overall net protein balance in comparison. Glutamine is the predominant amino acid in casein, which plays an important role in brain metabolism. Proline, aspartic, leucine, lysine and valine are also present. Casein is a good source of essential amino acids.

Whey proteins are made up of a-lacalbumin and ß-lactoglobulin (which defend against infection), albumin, the immunoglobulins, enzymes and protease, peptones. ß-lactoglobulin accounts for about 50% of total whey protein. They also contain small amounts of lactoferrin (iron, containing protein having protecting effect) and serum transferin (Srilakshmi, 1996).

Whey proteins provide the highest value of BCAA (Branched Chain amino acid). This is highly valued for muscle building–an essential requirement in kwashiorkor–and recovery. Whey proteins are the highest quality of proteins as they contain the best combination of amino acids as compared to proteins in dairy products, soy, vegetable, and even meat. Whey proteins also support the immune functions by increasing glutathione levels, thereby exhibiting antioxidants properties. Whey proteins contain many similar ingredients found in a mother’s milk. Other benefits of whey proteins include the fact that they are easily absorbed, which help in increasing lean muscle mass and helps fat loss.

It is necessary to maintain electrolyte balance in patients with Protein Energy Malnutrition. Vitamin and mineral supplementation must be given according to the physician’s advice. If vitamin A deficiency is present, oral administration of a single dose of 50,000 International Units (I.U.s) of fat-soluble vitamin A should be given immediately, followed by 5000 units daily. The deficiency symptoms will be cured in about two weeks. Anemia is most frequently encountered in people suffering from protein energy malnutrition. For the treatment of anemia, ferrous ammonium citrate (0.8g) should be given daily in the form of syrup in three divided doses for a period of one month. 100 mcg of Folic acid should be given daily (Srilakshmi).

Treatment strategy involves provision of adequate protein, provision of casein and whey protein supplementation, provision of vitamin and mineral supplementation, resolving life threatening conditions, restoring nutritional status without disruption of homeostasis ensuring nutritional rehabilitation. Criteria for improvement involves disappearance of mental apathy and edema, rise in serum albumin level and an increase in weight gain.

Absence Epilepsy – Symptoms, Causes and Treatment

Absence Epilepsy is characterized by the occurrence of absence seizures which are also known as petit mal seizures. This type of epilepsy is most commonly seen in children as compared to adults. In this form of epilepsy, the child may suffer from recurrent absence seizures during which they have a sudden and brief lapses of consciousness.

It appears as though the child is staring into space for a few seconds, he or she looks lost and then suddenly regains consciousness and continues to do the work that they were doing. Some children develop several such attacks during the entire day, and each attack may last for a few seconds, rarely for a few minutes. Most children outgrow absence seizures by the time they enter their teenage years. In few others however this form of epilepsy may continue through teenage and early adolescent years and rarely all through life.

Symptoms of absence epilepsy:

During each seizure the child may show some of the following signs:

  • Child may have a vacant stare; just stare into space without knowledge of the events occurring around them.
  • Children do not have falls with any seizure episode, but appear completely motionless during an attack.
  • Some children develop lip smacking, chewing motions and movements of their hands.
  • Some develop fluttering of their eyelid and some movements of both their arms.

These marks last for a few seconds, following which the child regains consciousness and has recovered completely. The child does not develop any form of confusion. They do not have any memory of the incident. Here if a parent or a teacher inquires about the incident, the child is not able to explain any abnormal phenomenon. In fact if nobody notices the signs during the attack, absence epilepsy goes completely unnoticed.

If a child experiences several such attacks during a day, his or her academic performance may be at stake. Such children are unable to concentrate and pay attention in class and as a result of this there can a consider declination in the child's performance in school.

Causes of Absence Epilepsy:

So far, no cause has been found for absence seizures. However it may run in families. Seizures are caused due to abnormal activity of the brain cells. Any abnormality in the production, discharge or provision of nerve impulses in the brain causes seizures. However the cause for abnormal production of electrical signals in the brain of a child suffering from absence epilepsy is unknown.

Treatment of Absence Epilepsy:

If you have noticed any of the symptoms of absence epilepsy in your child, you must consult your doctor at the earliest. To begin with your doctor may advice your child certain tests like blood tests, EEG or MRI of the brain. These tests are essential to rule out any organic problem as a cause for seizures.

There are several medications available for decreasing the frequency and controlling the absence seizures like Ethosuximide, Valproic acid and Lamotrigine. The doctor may start your child on one of these medications. You must remember to administer these medications regularly to your child, as it is essential to maintain adequate drug levels in the blood.

Please consult your doctor for the proper diagnosis and treatment of absence epilepsy.

Aquatic Physical Therapy As an Add-On to Stroke Recovery

Water is life and can restore life. It has many therapeutic properties, which includes reviving the use of bodily functions lost due to a stroke. Commonly known as hydrotherapy, water has been used as far back as ancient Egyptian civilization to relieve pain and treat diseases by improving circulation.

Water therapy is known to treat stress, rheumatism, arthritis, burns, hemorrhoids, spasticity, musculoskeletal disorders, and stroke patients with paralysis. Rehabilitation of stroke patients through hydrotherapy will also help improve not only their tissue’s health but also their joint health and movement, increase strength in weakened muscles, stretch spastic muscles, and uplift overall quality of life.

It is so effective that many hospitals and rehabilitation facilities have acquired machines for physical therapy that apply the use of water therapy.

Nowadays, you can go to spas that offer different forms of hydrotherapy to clients. Spas have specially-designed showers that implore massage techniques that focus on different muscle parts through the use of pressurized hot or cold water. There are some spas that have aromatherapy pools just like the ones used by the royalty of ancient times where special oils like lavender are added to aid in the treatment.

If you love swimming or simply being in the water, a trip to a hydrotherapy spa in your area would really be a fun way for you to spend time while you relieve yourself from pain and recover from your disability due to stroke. It would also be a great time to bond with your family and relax from all the stress you’ve been through.

Now, if you’re looking for a more structured approach that you can use as part of your rehabilitation program, there are facilities that offer aquatic exercises specially meant for stroke patients. Aquatic exercise is another form of water therapy used for treatment of stroke patients and injured athletes, among others.

Aquatic exercises are actually a lot easier for stroke patients to do because the water’s buoyancy allows them to move freely. Unlike exercising on land, activities like walking, balancing, stretching, aerobics, coordination, and strengthening can be done by stroke patients without fear and difficulty as the water supports them.

The book “Aquatic Exercise for Rehabilitation & Training” by Lori Brody and Paula Geigle, which also comes in DVD and VCD, is a great reference to aquatic exercises. It prescribes the right aquatic exercise programs stroke patients can use for their recovery. The book also thoroughly explains everything stroke patients and their therapists need to efficiently carry out a rehabilitation program that meets the stroke patient’s abilities and limitations.

Hydrotherapy and aquatic physical exercises are great add ons to stroke treatment. It is an enjoyable way to recover from stroke, regain confidence, cultivate social skills, and invigorate family ties.

Ayurvedic Herbal Treatment for Alopecia (Baldness)

Alopecia or baldness is hair loss usually noted with respect to the scalp of both men and women. While generalized hair loss is known as alopecia, small and circular bald patches are termed as alopecia areata. Noticeable hair loss and the resulting premature baldness can be psychologically very disturbing, since a luxuriant hair growth on the scalp is considered a sign of good health, grooming and personality. Premature hair loss is usually caused due to a genetic tendency, chronic diseases, medications, stress, injury or damage to the hair, and as a side-effect of strong treatments like chemotherapy and radiation therapy. While actual baldness is more apparent in men, severe hair loss and apparent thinning of hair is more common in women; however, both types of hair loss can prove to be devastating for affected individuals.

Treating baldness or hair loss constitutes a booming medical industry, and various treatments for this condition have emerged, which include allopathic and alternative medications, local scalp treatments using laser therapy, shampoos and conditioners, as well as specialized treatments like wigs and hair grafting. Medicated oils for treating hair loss are available at all chemists over-the-counter, with new medical preparations being added regularly.

Ayurvedic herbal treatment for alopecia is a systematic process of looking for the cause of the condition and giving comprehensive treatment for it. A careful history is important in order to identify and treat specific causes such as chronic diseases and the use of specific drugs or harmful treatments. It is best to avoid any known cause for the condition, if possible. Anxiety, stress, a harmful lifestyle, and improper nutrition to the hair roots are usually the commonest causes of premature hair loss in men and women.

Ayurvedic treatment can be given as a combination of oral medication and local applications. Oral medication involves the use of medicines which can treat the known causes for the condition. In addition, medicines which have a specific action on the scalp as well as the hair roots are also important in the management of this condition. These medicines improve the blood supply to the hair roots and thereby provide better nutrition to the scalp, while at the same time removing toxins and unwanted elements from this area. These medicines also provide stimulation to the hair roots so as to help regenerate new hair and prevent hair loss.

Oral medication is usually supplemented with local application in the form of medicated ointments, pastes, and oils which have to be applied regularly so as to provide good results. Local applications not only provide nutrition for hair roots but also treat skin inflammation, infection and dandruff, and thereby reduce the tendency for hair fall. Regular massage with medicated oils not only aids in hair regrowth but also relaxes the scalp and neck muscles and induces good sleep.

It is equally important to give herbal medicines to treat stress and anxiety which are important factors which continue to propagate severe hair fall. It should also be remembered that the rate of regrowth of hair should be much more than the rate of hair fall in order to prevent noticeable hair loss and baldness. Most individuals affected with this condition require regular treatment for 6-9 months in order to get significant benefit from Ayurvedic treatment.

Causes of Loss of Hearing in Children

Hearing loss can be broken down into various categories such as sensorineural, conductive or mixed. Sensorineural occurs when the inner ear, cranial nerve, or the central processing centers of the brain are damaged. This type of loss is usually permanent and can not be corrected medically or surgically. Conductive returns to a problem in the ear that interferees with sound, such as earwax buildup, and can usually be surgically or medically corrected. Mixed is a combination of sensorineural and conductive loss of hearing.

There are many different reasons why a child may suffer loss of hearing. Some of those are listed below.

Hearing loss can be genetic, meaning that it is passed from the parents to the children. Some parents do not have hearing problems, but carry a recessive gene. If that is the case, the loss of hearing generally occurs in one out of every four children. Normally, there is no other deafness in the family, so the presence of the recessive gene is not expected. In other cases, one or both parents may carry a dominant gene and suffer some type of loss that has about a 50 percent chance of being passed on to their children. X-linked hearing loss occurs when the mother carries a recessive trait for hearing loss in the sex chromosome. In those cases, the hearing loss will only be passed on to the sons.

Premature babies, especially those born before seven months gestation, do not have a mature auditory system and can suffer from sensorineural loss of hearing. Oxygen deprivation during birth and a condition called jaundice may also cause this loss within infants.

Infections in the mother prior to birth can cause hearing loss in the child by damaging the inside of the ear. Such infections include measles, syphilis, some forms of herpes and toxoplasmosis. Maternal diabetes can also cause hearing problems in children.

Infections during childhood can damage the inner ear and result in hearing loss. Some of those include mumps, measles, chicken pox and bacterial or viral meningitis.

Meningitis causes an inflammation of the brain and spinal cord covering. The hearing nerves became irreversibly affected resulting in hearing loss. This is the most common after-effect of meningitis. The loss can range from mild to profound deafness.

In most cases, a hearing aid will help restore hearing to the extent that the child can attend school and function normally. The type of hearing aid will depend on the type and extent of the loss. Behind-the-ear devices are often recommended due to their durability and to growth and safety issues of the child. This type of hearing aid rests behind the ear and a plastic tube runs from the device into the ear canal. Children's hearing aids are now made using advanced technology and include many new practical features.

If it is suspected that a child is suffering from hearing loss, parents should immediately have their child tested by an audiologist so that the reason for the loss can be determined and treatment options explored. It is important to discover the reason for the hearing loss. In some cases, lack of treatment can result in total deafness of the child.

Learn to Quit Stuttering – Essential Tips to Lose a Stutter and Talk Better Without Stammering!

Stuttering is definitely not sexy, and can ruin your life if you do not get the help you need. There is a whole world full of opportunities out there, and a stuttering problem can truly keep you from exploring them. His article will focus on helping you understand there is help and the chances of losing your stutter are actually very good. I personally know people who have quit stuttering by taking my advice.

Stop Stuttering – Tip 1: Thinking Before You Speak

One of the biggest causes of stuttering is when ones mouth moves before the brain thinks. In order to help yourself overcome a stuttering problem, you must allow yourself to think before you speak. This sounds simple and obvious, but many people actually found this to help them improve their speech. If you give your brain a second to process, not only will you have a more well thought out answer, you will not have to stammer and stumble over your words to get your point across.

Stop Stuttering – Tip 2: Talk Better By Practicing

If you stutter, reading is a very beneficial and not to mention therapeutic way to cope with stuttering. I know people with stutters that have started reading out loud every day and have completely lost their stutter. I am not saying everyone is going to be this way, but practice does make perfect and it applies to stuttering! Annunciation is the key with stuttering problems, you need to successfully complete the word before your stutter gets the best of you. Reading out loud daily can really help with this.

Stop Stuttering – Tip 3: Step By Step Stuttering Guides – Why They Are So Great!

If you leave here with anything today, understand why having a step by step stop stuttering guide is so beneficial. They are all over the Internet, but only a couple will actually help you quit stuttering and I know which one works! These guides give you the best tips, tricks, exercises and logical explanations for why you stutter and how to overcome the condition. These guides are extremely cheap, but the rewards are priceless.

What Is SMA?

Spinal Muscular Atrophy is more commonly known by the letters SMA. It is also sometimes referred to as autosomal recessive proximal spinal muscular atrophy but however you say it, it all means the same thing–that it is a rare neuromuscular disorder that affects many thousands of people throughout the world.

When life begins in the womb, all of us are given two sets of chromosomes. One from our mother, one from our father. This is our genetic code and if all goes well, we are born healthy. However, a lot can happen during gestation that affects pairs of chromosomes. Most of us are aware that having an extra copy of chromosome 21 for example leads to Down Syndrome. A mother and a father can both be carriers for spinal muscular atrophy and themselves would not be affected, but if both pass it via their chromosomes to their offspring, the baby has the disease. It is something that can occur along all races and in all the countries of the world; it does not discriminate.

So what is it? SMA is defined as a loss of motor neurons and it comes with progressive muscle wasting. What happens behind the scenes if you will is that there is a defect in the SMN1 gene which encodes SMN which is a protein necessary for the survival of the motor neurons. Proximal (arms and legs) and the lung muscles are usually the first to be affected by the disease with others following as it progresses. Some babies born with the disease are so weak that they die shortly after birth, others survive birth but have problems throughout their lives.

Areflexia which means below normal or absent reflexes, muscle weakness, poor muscle tone, loss of strength of respiratory muscles, weak cough, limpness, difficulty sucking and/or swallowing and poor feeding are all indicative of someone with spinal muscular atrophy. These people often have to use a wheelchair and have a lot of help doing things others take for granted. While their body may be weak, their brains usually are not, with most kids diagnosed with SMA being of above average intelligence.

Can this be cured? Well, there is some hope with a new drug that was approved by the FDA in December of 2016. It is called Nusinersen and it is taken by injection into the central nervous system. Clinical trials so far have been inspiring but there is still a wait time until the drug becomes widely available. With any luck, this is just what patients and children have been waiting for.

Just What is Glaucoma and What Are the Symptoms?

You may already know that glaucoma is a disease of the eye that is very serious, but if you're unsure of just what the disease actually is and what the symptoms are to look for, you're not alone. As serious as this eye disease is, many people are simply unaware of the symptoms or even what it means to have glaucoma. Since it is something that can lead to loss of peripheral vision and even blindness, and since about 1 in 200 people under the age of fifty and 1 in 10 over the age of eighty actually get this disease, it's a good idea to learn more about it.

To better understand the disease of glaucoma, we do well to think about how the eye is structured in the first place. Behind the actual eyeball that we can see is a series of nerves that translate the light we take in through the eye into electrical impulses that then travel to the brain. The brain descrambles these impulses and reads them as sight. These nerves are as important to sight as the eyeball itself. Remember, all of our senses actually function in the brain; our eyes, ears, tongue, nose, and skin only act as receptors for the signals that travel along the nerve pathways to be translated into sight, sound, taste, smell, and touch. Just like a deaf person can have two perfectly good ears, damage to the nerve cells behind any of our sensory organs that can result in a loss of that particular sense. The word glaucoma is applied to a wide range of diseases that affect these nerve endings behind the eyeball itself.

Typically the disease is brought on by continued pressure on the nerve, but this pressure itself is no exact indication of who exactly will actually contract glaucoma and who will not. Some seem to be very sensitive to this nerve pressure while others seem to have a high tolerance level for it. So, this pressure itself is not an exact indication of contracting glaucoma or not.

The fluid in the eye is called aqueous humor and drains out of the eye through a network of drainage tissue between the iris and the cornea. In people with glaucoma this drainage tissue becomes blocked and fluid is replaced faster that it can be drained. This caused pressure to build up in the eye causing the blood vessels that nourish the eye with essential nutrients and oxygen to become constrained which cause the nerve fibers to die.

When left untreated, any form of glaucoma will lead to permanent damage of these optic nerves which will in turn lead to blindness. Typically this starts with a minor loss of a general vision but can lead to permanent cloudiness of vision. Unfortunately, glaucoma can develop slowly over several years so that the patient is unaware that he or she even has the disease until it can not be corrected.

It's important to get regular eye exams even if you do not have problems with your vision. Your optometrist can give your eyes a thorough exam and be aware of any symptoms of the sunset of glaucoma. This condition can typically be treated with medication before blindness sets in or permanent damage is done, so it's good to be vigilant about eye exams.

Common vitamins and over the counter products can help with glaucoma such as Vitamin C, Ginkgo, Vitamin A, Vitamin D, Beta Carotene, Vitamin B, Vitamin E, Multiple Mineral, Herbal Diuretic.

Vitamin C has been shown to dramatically reduce the intestinal pressure in patients suffering from glaucoma.

Ginkgo is needed for the proper functioning of the vascular system and improvements blood circulation to the brain.

Vitamin A is important for the proper development of the eyes.

Vitamin D plays an important in nerve and muscle function.

Beta Carotene helps protect Vitamin C from oxidation and the body converts beta carotene into vitamin A.

Vitamin B is needed for healthy blood vessels and the proper functioning of the nervous system.

Vitamin E promotes the healing process of the body.

Multiple Mineral are required for healthy bones, teeth, muscles, blood and nerve cells.

There are several Herbal Diuretic on the market that will help the body to reduce excess body fluids.

Always consult your doctor before using this information.

This Article is nutritional in nature and is not to be construed as medical advice.