Spinal Cord Injury in Infants

The central nervous system is probably the most important if not one of the most important organ systems in the body. No wonder medical professionals are incredibly concerned when a new-born baby becomes a victim to a spinal cord or brain injury. Though these forms of injury are rare, they do occur, sometimes with fatal outcomes.

Central nervous system injuries are classified as neural tube defects and develop within the first few weeks of pregnancy. Mothers often do not even know that they are pregnant when these issues develop. The severity of injury ranges and sometimes causes visible abnormalities in the head or back.

Specifically with brain damage, mild to severe disabilities may develop. These include mental retardation, seizures and paralysis. This kind of can be incredibly stressful especially for young families. Spinal injury leads to paralysis, incontinence, and a loss of sensation in area below to affected regions. Sometimes the abnormalities result in only mild symptoms and complications.

Modern technology like Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has allowed doctors to view pictures of internal organs and determine exactly what the problem might be, thus giving them an ability to complete a more accurate diagnosis and prognosis. This technology also allows doctors to develop a better strategy for treatment.

Treatment can come in many forms ranging from therapy to surgery. In some cases, surgery restores functionality and prevents further complications, even if the disability is permanent. Depending on the severity of the injury, individuals may have a better chance at near-normal childhood development.

Nervous system injuries are characterized by improper development of the brain or spinal cord. Babies that make it to birth sometimes do not have the proper amount or level of brain tissue. In some cases, the condition only affects the bone. These particular cases do not constitute severe disability. However, there are other cases, where tissues in the brain or spine are greatly affected. The bone may not close properly and tissues in the spine become exposed and damaged.

Central Nervous system injury is very serious. Sometimes these injuries can be prevented. Doctors who are over worked coupled with a hospital facility that is understaffed exacerbate already dire conditions, when there are pregnancy complications.

If this is the case with you, it may be beneficial to protect yourself by choosing a medical team that you can trust and also exploring legal options. For more information on birth injury, visit www.birth-injurylawyers.com.

Computer Tips

Computer errors are very common and every computer user may face different kinds of issues so they should learn about the solutions of the common computer related problems. The common factors that cause problems in computer are viruses, spyware, Trojan horses, adware, corrupted registry, faulty hardware, low memory, low capacity hard disk, low CPU speed and stuffing computers with large number of software applications. In this article, I have compiled a list of the most common computer problems and their solutions.

Computer is very slow

This is very common issue and it arises due to the several factors such as too many programs running at the startup, low RAM, low processor speed, spyware running as a background application, errors in the Windows registry and the buildup of the garbage files on the hard disk. Scanning your computer with an up-to-dated anti virus and anti spyware program, cleaning and repairing Windows registry, increasing memory, deleting temporary files, deselecting the programs at startup and uninstalling unwanted software applications can solve this problem to a very large extent.

Network Server is not accessible

In a networked environment every computer depends on the server for logon authentication, files access, internet and printing access and sharing server resources. The downtime and the communication failure with the server are very problematic and frustrating for the users. Check both end of the network cable and make sure that the attached RJ-45 connectors are properly plugged into the LAN card and hub / switch. Ping the server's IP and make sure you get the reply from server. Ensure that your server is on and working fine. A large number of the running applications on the server and simultaneous access to the server from a number of users can slow down the performance and speed of the server. Scan your PC with an up-to-dated antivirus program because certain viruses and spyware are responsible for the communication failure. Replace your LAN card with new one and assign different IP address and try to connect with the server.

Computer locks up or freezes

Missing .dll files, viruses, faulty registry, defective RAM and spyware slows down the performance of the server and it locks up frequently. Scanning PC with the anti virus and anti spyware program, cleaning and repairing registry and increasing RAM can solve this issue.

Computer will not boot

Faulty power cable, power extension and power supply all contributes to this problem. Checking one by one each of the above components can pinpoint the problematic part. Simply replace that part with new one and your compute is okay.

Computer reboots itself

Defective cooling fan, power supply, RAM, viruses and spyware can cause this to happen.

Memory usage is maximum in computer

Either the memory is less than the recommend memory to run certain applications, swap memory chips with each other, scan your computer for viruses and spyware, increasing the page file and physical memory can overcome this problem.

Browser's home page has changed itself

This is most likely a spyware problem and scanning computer with an up-to-dated anti spyware program can fix this issue.

Computer's clock losing time

If you see that your computer's clock is losing time frequently replace your CMOS battery.

My computer can not get connected to internet

Check IP address, gateway address, scan your PC for viruses and spyware, check network cables and make sure that server's or gateway's firewall application is not blocking http requests from your PC.

Computer making noises

Faulty RAM, VGA, hard disk, Sound card, Processor and other components produce noises. Make sure that each hardware device is properly connected inside the PC and if the problem is still not resolved then replace the faulty hardware component with new one.

Bronchitis Diagnosis

Diagnosis of bronchitis is based on observing the patient’s symptoms and health history. The physician listens to the patient’s chest with a stethoscope for specific sounds that indicate lung inflammation, such as moist rales and crackling, and wheezing, that indicates airway narrowing. Moist rales is a bubbling sound heard with a stethoscope that is caused by fluid secretion in the bronchial tubes.
If the sputum is green or has blood in it a sputum culture is done to determine whether a bacterial infection is present and to identify the disease-causing organism so that an appropriate antibiotic can be selected. The doctor uses the sputum for the test.

Occasionally, in diagnosing a chronic lung disorder, the sample of sputum is collected using a procedure called a bronchoscopy. In this procedure, the patient is given a local anesthetic, and a tube is passed into the airways to collect a sputum sample.

A pulmonary function test is important in diagnosing chronic bronchitis. This test uses an instrument called a spirometer to measure the volume of air entering and leaving the lungs. The test is done in the doctor’s office and is painless. It involves breathing into the spirometer mouthpiece either normally or forcefully

To better determine what type of obstructive lung disease a patient has, the doctor may do a chest x ray, electrocardiogram (ECG), and blood tests. An electrocardiogram is an instrument that is used to measure the electrical activity of the heart and is useful in the diagnosis of heart conditions. Other tests may be used to measure how effectively oxygen and carbon dioxide are exchanged in the lungs.

Trigeminal Neuralgia – The Effects of Gamma Knife Surgery on Trigeminal Neuralgia

People who suffer from Trigmenial Neuralgia often go through bouts of pain that can leave them debilitated or even push them to the verge of suicide. There have been many different types of treatments that are available to help relieve the pain. This article will focus on the treatment of Trigmenial Neuralgia with the gamma knife. It will examine the benefits and the effectiveness it has in the treatment of this condition.

Gamma Knife is basically the same as neurosurgery, except that it is non-invasive form of surgery. This means that there is no need to open the brain with incisions. One benefit of doing this type of surgery is that it reduces the complications that usually occur when people do traditional surgery. Gamma Knife is not a knife, contrary to what people believe. It is a very complex machine that uses energy to focus gamma beams onto the affected regions of the brain. It is during the treatment 201 beams of gamma radiation are blasted into the brain. Only the affected regions are targeted and other surrounding tissue are not in danger.

For the treatment of Trigeminal Neuralgia, Gamma Knife Surgery has been around for decades. Over the years advancement in technology such as imaging has helped to allow this type of surgery to have the high success rate it currently has.

The first use of the Gamma Knife on Trigeminal Neuralgia was in 1951. The main target of this radio surgery was the Trigeminal ganglion. The results over four decades were not highly successful. With the introduction of new technology such as high resolution imaging, the success rate increased. They were able to target the affected area much more easily.

Patients who usually have Gamma Knife surgery done on Trigmenial Neuralgia usually have an immediate reduction in the pain that they feel. The attacks from the condition are not completely removed, but it is substantially milder and it reduces over the weeks. Studies have shown that people who have Gamma Knife Surgery done have experienced a significant reduction in the pain they feel. The numbers of patients who report this is as high as 90%. This reduction usually occurs a month after treatment. The study was able to show that one third of the patients who had the treatment done experienced some deadness in the face. That same study showed that patients included in that number showed considerable improvements despite the numbness they experienced.

Gamma Knife surgery for Trigeminal neuralgia over the years has become associated as being a very safe and effective alternative to the treatment of the condition. The success is much better compared to traditional surgery and the complications and recovery time are not an issue.

Marfan’s Syndrome

Are you excessively tall? Do you have long bones that aren’t proportionate to the rest of your body? Perhaps you have Marfan’s syndrome.

Marfan’s syndrome (arachnodactyly) is a rare inherited disorder of connective tissue that causes defects in the eyes, skeleton and cardiovascular system. It affects both males and females and may occur any time from early infancy to adulthood.

The symptoms of Marfan’s syndrome develop gradually over the years. These include long slender bones which make a person excessively tall, long slender fingers and toes, heart defects and a partial dislocation of the lenses of the eyes.

“The most common signs of this disease are skeletal abnormalities particularly excessively long tubular bones and an arm span exceeding the patient’s height. Usually the patient is taller than average for his family, with the upper half of his body shorter than average and the lower half, longer,” according to Helen L. Davis of the Thomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia in “Diseases.”

“His fingers are long and slender (spider fingers). Weakness of ligaments, tendons and joint capsules results in joints that are loose, hyperextensible, and habitually dislocated. Excessive growth of the rib bones give rise to chest deformities,” she added.

Other symptoms are pectus excavatum (funnel breast), frequent hernia and scoliosis (the sideways curvature of the spine). Death from Marfan’s syndrome is often due to cardiovascular complications.

In severe cases, the elastic fibers in the media (middle layer) of the aorta (the main artery of the body) may be damaged, leading to aneurysm (a ballonlike swelling).

There is no specific test for Marfan’s syndrome and the diagnosis is made mainly on its symptoms. Treatment is aimed at relieving symptoms and preventing complications. These include surgery to repair aneurysm, eye defects and spinal curvature, and hormone therapy to stop the patient from growing abnormally tall.

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5 Reasons that Blood Tests are Done

If you have had a doctor’s appointment recently for anything other than a cold, then you probably had a blood test done. This is a very common procedure and can yield some very important information for the doctor as to your health and wellbeing. There are a multitude of reasons for a blood sample to be taken and for the subsequent tests to be run, we will discuss a few of the more common reasons here.

1- Perhaps the most common reason what a blood test is performed is to validate, or not, the suspicion of a pregnancy. While there are over the counter early pregnancy tests that will give you a result, most doctors to not take this information at face value, preferring instead to get their result via blood. If in fact you are pregnant, this will be the first of many blood tests over the course of the next nine months or so.

2- A sample of blood can also prove or disprove the presence of many diseases, such as HIV, diabetes and prostate cancer to name a few. The early detection of these and other diseases is only possible through routine blood tests. The sooner they are detected, the sooner an effective treatment for them can be implemented.

3- Most states still require that at blood test be performed before a couple is allowed to be married. This type of blood test generally looks for certain vaccinations, HIV and sexually transmitted diseases that can be cured. In some cases, this information is helpful with future decisions that they couple may make.

4- A common blood issue is also detected via the use of a blood sample test; anemia is a condition that is caused by low iron in the blood. The symptoms are tiredness and pale skin. The blood test is utilized to track the iron levels to be sure they are appropriate for each individual patient.

5- As you can see, a blood test is a helpful tool that the doctor has as his or her disposal and often on that they use. So, instead of staying a way from the doctor like a baby, the next time you are in for a physical, suck it up, stick out your arm and give the doctor your blessing. Oh, it might help you to look away while the blood is being drawn, the doctor won’t call you a sissy for this, I promise.

Type 2 Diabetes – Diet Drinks And The Effect On Your Blood Sugar Levels!

Hundreds of millions of people around the world are addicted to bubbly artificially sweetened diet drinks, drunk morning, noon, and night. An astonishing number of people even make a breakfast out of Diet Coke. If you have Type 2 diabetes, however, all that diet soda can have very detrimental effects on your health.

The biggest problem with artificially sweetened beverages for Type 2 diabetics is their effect on the pancreas. Although you are not conscious of them, your pancreas has taste receptors for sweetness that work in the same way as those on our tongue. When a sugary sweet drink touches your lips, you get a sweetness signal in your brain. When the drink reaches your small intestine, you get a sweetness signal in your pancreas.

When the pancreas experiences a sweet sensation, it releases insulin to transport the sugar that should be soon to arrive from your digestive tract. If the beverage is sugar-free, however, there is no sugar to be released.

What happens with all that insulin? If you are working hard at keeping your blood sugar levels in control, then for a while your blood sugar levels may run a little low. Instead of a pick me up, a diet drink becomes a let you down. You feel a little tired, or a little jumpy, or worse, both at the same time. Diet drinks make well-controlled Type 2 diabetics feel bad.

On the other hand, a Type 2 diabetic who is letting blood sugar levels run high will just experience the sweet taste. The added insulin may lower blood sugar levels just a little (this happens more often with drinks that are sweetened with saccharin, also known as Sweet 'N Low, than with drinks that are sweetened with aspartame, also known as NutraSweet). More than likely the drink has no immediate effect on blood sugar levels or energy levels at all. It just satisfies a habit. But on a cellular level, the extra insulin wreaks havoc with your body.

The underlying problem of Type 2 diabetes is insulin resistance. Cells all over your body turn off their receptors for insulin to keep from being flooded with sugar. The more sugar around them, or the more insulin around them, the more insulin-resistant they become.

When you drink sweet drinks that do not deliver any nutritional value, cells all over your body shut down insulin receptor sites. That means the next time you eat a food with real carbohydrates, your pancreas has to work just a little harder to make just a little more insulin to lower blood sugar levels. The extra insulin, unfortunately, is still very capable of transporting fatty acids into fat cells. This means you become more and more diabetic as your fat cells are more and more ready to stuff themselves with the first extra calorie they can.

It is not really hard to stop drinking diet sodas. If you experience a headache the first day, it's OK to take an aspirin or NSAID. Just do not make a habit of replacing one addiction with a new addiction to pain relievers. If you stop diet drinks, you will find controlling your Type 2 diabetes easier, and you may save hundreds or even thousands of dollars each year.

Obesity – The Dangers You Should Be Aware Of

Increased Health Risk of Premature Death

According to CDC researchers, an estimated 300,000 American deaths a year are related to obesity, but see note, below. The risk of premature death rises with increasing weight. Even moderate weight gain (10 to 20 pounds for a person of average height) increases the risk of death, particularly among adults aged 30 to 64 years. Individuals who are obese (BMI greater than 30) have a 50 to 100 percent increased risk of premature death from all causes, compared to individuals with a healthy weight.

Increased Health Risk of Heart Disease

The risk of heart attack, congestive heart failure, sudden cardiac death, angina or chest pain is increased in persons who are overweight or obese. High blood pressure is twice as common in adults who are obese than in those who are at a healthy weight. Obesity is associated with high triglycerides and decreased HDL cholesterol.

Increased Health Risk of Stroke

Atherosclerosis, or narrowing of the arteries, which may lead to the formation of an arterial blood clot, is an important pre-condition of many strokes. Atherosclerosis is accelerated by high blood pressure, smoking, high cholesterol and lack of exercise. Obesity, especially morbid obesity is frequently associated with a high-fat diet, raised blood pressure and lack of exercise. Thus obesity is now considered an important secondary risk factor for strokes.

Increased High Blood Pressure

This may then also lead to:


Ear noise & buzzing


Shortness of breath

Excessive sweating


Vision changes

Nose bleeds

Blood in urine

Kidney damage / failure


Increased Health Risk of Type 2 Diabetes

A weight increase of 11-18 pounds raises a person’s risk of developing type 2 diabetes to twice that of individuals who have not gained weight. Over 80 percent of people with diabetes are overweight or obese. This may account for the newly invented word, “diabesity”®, which signifies the close association between obesity and diabetes.

Increased Health Risk of Cancers

Obesity is associated with an increased risk for some types of cancer including endometrial (cancer of the lining of the uterus), colon, gall bladder, prostate, kidney, and post-menopausal breast cancer. Women gaining more than 20 pounds from age 18 to midlife double their risk of post-menopausal breast cancer, compared to women whose weight remains stable.

Increased risk of Erectile Dysfunction

This stressful disorder is often linked to Insulin Resistance, an imbalance in blood glucose and insulin levels associated with excess weight and obesity. Being overweight can place extra strain on the cardiovascular system and disrupt the delicate balance required to achieve an erection and, therefore, cause ED.

Excess insulin created by Insulin Resistance is implicated in ED because it damages the endothelium of cardiovascular vessels. The endothelium is the layer on the inside of the vessel which secretes chemical mediators that instruct the vessel to contract or relax. To achieve an erection, a release of nitric oxide from the endothelium creates vascular dilation, which allows vessels to fill with blood. This influx of blood is necessary to achieve an erection. Any decrease in nitric oxide supply to the penis caused by the insulin-damaged endothelium lessens or prevents vascular dilation and contributes to erectile dysfunction.

If neglected, excess weight gain can also lead to other conditions linked to ED like the cluster of increased risk factors for cardiovascular disease called Metabolic Syndrome (Syndrome X) as well as Pre-Diabetes, which, if neglected, can lead to irreversible Type 2 Diabetes. Between 35-50% of men with Diabetes experience ED because the disease can damage nerves and arteries, making it difficult to achieve an erection. However, major weight loss can be achieved can by reversing Insulin Resistance, thus removing major factors in the onset of ED.

As many as 70% of ED cases are caused by cardiovascular diseases such as atherosclerosis. This disorder is a type of hardening of the arteries in which cholesterol, fat and other blood components build up in artery walls via poor diet and lack of regular exercise resulting in excess weight gain.

As the condition progresses, the arteries to the heart may narrow, reducing the flow of oxygen-rich blood and nutrients to the heart and brain. This restriction can also reduce blood flow to the tissues of the penis, causing ED.

Other excess weight and obesity-linked cardiovascular diseases that can cause ED are hypertension (high blood pressure) and high levels of triglycerides and LDL “bad” cholesterol in combination with low levels of HDL “good” cholesterol – all factors in reversible Metabolic Syndrome.

Increased Health Risk of Fatty Liver Disease

The main cause of non alcoholic fatty liver disease is insulin resistance, a metabolic disorder in which cells become insensitive to the effect of insulin. One of the most common risk factors for insulin resistance is obesity, especially central abdominal obesity. Studies indicate a correlation between body mass index (BMI) and the degree of liver damage. The higher the BMI the worse the liver disease.

Obesity is a Risk Factor for Chronic Venous Insufficiency

Although obesity is not a direct cause of chronic venous insufficiency, it is an important risk factor. This is because obesity, especially morbid obesity, leads to raised blood pressure, a sedentary lifestyle and musculoskeletal problems (hampering mobility and use of leg muscles), all of which are contributory factors in the development of chronic venous insufficiency. Obese patients also have an increased health risk of other vascular disorders (eg. lower-limb ischemia), caused by inadequate blood flow to the extremities.

Increased Health Risk of Gallbladder Disease

The risk of gallstones is approximately 3 times greater for obese patients than in non-obese people. Indeed, the risk of symptomatic gallstones appears to correlate with a rise in body mass index (BMI).

Increased Health Risk of Breathing Problems

Obstructive sleep apnea (that is, interrupted breathing during sleeping) is more common in obese persons. Obesity is associated with a higher prevalence of asthma and severe bronchitis, as well as obesity hypoventilation syndrome and respiratory insufficiency.

Obesity and Deep Vein Thrombosis

Risk factors for deep vein thrombosis include prior history of the disease, vascular damage, hypertension and predisposition to blood clotting. Although obesity (BMI 30+) has traditionally been recognized as a risk factor for deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism, experts now consider that the evidence supporting this association is inadequate, as much depends on other factors such as history, illness, immobility, and age.

Increased Health Risk of Arthritis

Musculoskeletal disorders, including osteoarthritis, are much more prevalent among obese patients, especially patients diagnosed with severe clinical or morbid obesity. Health studies show that obesity is a strong predictor for symptoms of osteoarthritis, especially in the knees. The risk of osteoarthritis increases with every 2-pound gain in weight.

Increased Health Risks for Expectant Mother and Baby

Obesity has a strong detrimental effect on the health of both mother and new-born baby, both during and after pregnancy. Obesity while pregnant is associated with a higher risk of death in both the baby and the mother. It also raises the risk of high blood pressure in the Mom, by 10 times. Obesity during pregnancy is also associated with an increased risk of birth defects, such as spina bifida. Obesity-related health problems occurring after childbirth include higher risk of wound and endometrial infection, endometritis and urinary tract infection.

Psychological and Social Effects of Obesity

Emotional suffering may be one of the most painful parts of obesity. American society emphasizes physical appearance and often equates attractiveness with slimness, especially for women. Such messages make overweight people feel unattractive.

Other Risks:

– Elevated serum cholesterol levels

– Elevated LDL (“bad” cholesterol) levels

– Decreased HDL (“good” cholesterol) levels

– Elevated triglyceride levels

– Decreased blood oxygen

– Decreased testosterone levels

– Irregular menstrual cycles

– Incontinence

– Increased surgical risks

– Tinnitus

– Reduced immune function

– Swollen joints / fluid retention

– Muscular aches and pains, particularly:




– Biomechanical injuries & faults, including:

Sunken arches / flat foot

Heel spurs

Plantar fasciitis

Shin soreness

Creaking knees

Achilles tendonitis

Calcific tendonopathy

Sprained ankles

Bone chips

– Impotence

– Infertility

– Loss of libido

Health Improvements after Weight Reduction

The good news is that losing a small amount of weight can reduce your chances of developing heart disease or a stroke. Reducing your weight by 10 percent can decrease your chance of developing heart disease by improving how your heart works, blood pressure, and levels of blood cholesterol and triglycerides. Studies show that you can improve your health by losing as little as 10 to 20 pounds.

– Osteoporosis -causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Treatment of Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease in which bones become fragile and more likely to break. If not prevented or if left untreated, osteoporosis can progress painlessly until a bone breaks. These broken bones, also known as fractures, occur typically in the hip, spine, and wrist.Osteoporosis is a disease of bone that leads to an increased risk of fracture. In osteoporosis the bone mineral density (BMD) is reduced, bone micro architecture is disrupted, and the amount and variety of non-collage nous proteins in bone is altered. Osteoporosis is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO) in women as a bone mineral density 2.5 standard deviations below peak bone mass (20-year-old healthy female average) as measured by DXA;

Risk factors of Osteoporosis
Age. The older you get, the higher your risk of osteoporosis. Your bones become weaker as you age.
Race. You’re at greatest risk of osteoporosis if you’re white or of Southeast Asian descent. Black and Hispanic men and women have a lower, but still significant, risk.

Sex. Osteoporosis is more common in women than men. Eighty percent, or four out of five, of the 10 million Americans who have it are women. There are several reasons for this. Women have lighter, thinner bones to begin with. They also lose loose bone rapidly after menopause.

The factors that may contribute to osteoporosis are not well defined. For example, studies by the U.S. National Institute of Child and Human Development (NICHD) have shown that irregular menstrual periods in young women may signal a hormonal shortage that could lead to osteoporosis.

Symptoms of Osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is often called the “silent disease”, because bone loss occurs without symptoms. People may not know that they have osteoporosis until their bones become so weak that a sudden strain, bump, or fall causes a bone to fracture or a vertebra to collapse. However, there may be a chronic, dull pain particularly in the lower back or neck, which may become sharp later in the course of the disease.

Later in the course of the disease, sharp pains may come on suddenly. It may not radiate; it may be made worse by activity that puts weight on the area, may be tender, and generally begins to subside in 1 week. Pain may linger more than 3 months.

Treatment of Osteoporosis
Although osteoporosis has no cure, several types of medications are available to reduce the rate of bone loss, increase bone density, and reduce the number of fractures. In general, they work in two main ways: they lessen bone break down (anti-resorptive agents) or they stimulate the formation of new bone (anabolic agents).

Hormone therapy
Hormone therapy (HT) was once the mainstay of treatment for osteoporosis. But because of concerns about its safety and because other treatments are available, the role of hormone therapy in managing osteoporosis is changing. Most problems have been linked to certain oral types of HT, either taken in combination with progestin or alone.In addition, it is important to get enough vitamin D. A daily intake of 400 IU, but no more than 800 IU, each day is recommended. Obtaining adequate amounts of vitamin D from our food may be difficult. The main sources of dietary vitamin D are fortified milk (100 IU/cup), egg yolks (25 IU/yolk) and oily fish (vitamin D content varies).

Birth Injury – How to Sue and Win

On a regular basis, sadly, birth injuries occur in hospital settings and medical malpractice lawyers know this.

Even being surrounded by professional during the delivery, birth injuries can still happen.Birth injuries can be caused by medical error or hospital negligence on the part of medical professionals, and does in many cases.

Going through life with a birth injury can be greatly difficult.

Some injuries have the potential to resolve on their own, but others can lead to mental and physical problems for the duration of the victims life.Birth injuries can be caused by various complications, during fetal delivery, however, is where most of these events occur.

A variety of circumstances can lead to problems during either an abdominal delivery or vaginal delivery.

Birth injuries can be caused by circumstances such as a lack of oxygen, failing to perform a c-section soon enough, mistakes from medical professionals, and the failure to provide good pre-natal care.

Problems like these don’t always cause birth injuries, but these complications can make them more likely to happen.A baby can recover from these circumstances when they do happen.In many instances, however, babies do not totally recover from a birth injury.

Injuries such as these can cause problems throughout a child’s life.

There are many different types of conditions that result from birth injuries, an cerebral palsy is a common one.In addition, both mental retardation and brachial Plexus injuries, commonly known as erbs palsy, can also occur.

Over a lifetime, these injuries can be very difficult for both the parent and the child to deal with, as every facet of human activity from infancy to adulthood can be affected.

Seeking legal council is a very good idea when a birth injury occurs.No only do the parents and baby suffer trauma, by problems with finances also occur.

Medical care that the baby requires because of these injuries can be overwhelming.

Seeking out a good attorney is important if your baby has a birth injury.You should choose an attorney that specializes in birth injury cases.
With knowledgeable experts, a qualified attorney has a reasonable chance to build a legal case against those responsible for your baby’s injuries.You can get a free consultation from a quality attorney.

Give your attorney all of the relevant facts and discuss the birth injury case with them.Advising you of your rights and options is what your qualified attorney will do.Then together you can make the decision about what the next step should be.

The long lasting implications of a brain injury are very serious.Seek a lawyer for you and your baby’s sake.

So that you can work with your baby to recover or deal with their birth injury, a lawyer can get you the compensation you reserve.

Getting the proper legal representation when you need it is what will be the deciding factor if you or your new born child will have proper treatment and care throughout life. A birth injury attorney can offer a free consultation that lets you know your legal options. Begin the path of recovery from your birth injury today and get your free legal consultation now.

Is There A Known Psoriasis Cause?

You may already know that psoriasis is a chronic, non-contagious skin disease that millions of people suffer from in the United States. If you have this problem yourself, you may be wondering what the psoriasis cause is. And there are many differing opinions on this …

Scientists, researchers and medical professionals feel psoriasis is caused by a problem with our body's own immune system. Sometimes referred to as an imbalance of the immune system, and sometimes referred to as an over reaction of our immune system.

When something happens to cause our body's immune system to kick in, it reacts in ways to protect itself. With psoriasis, it does this through the skin. Normally a human body sheds it's dead skin cells about every thirty days. During those thirty days, new skin cells are developing deep below the surface of the skin, and slowly rising to the top. By the time our existing skin cells are ready to shed, the new ones have risen to the top to replace them.

With psoriasis however, this process is accelerated. The new skin cells rise to the surface much more rapidly – within three to five days in fact. So they reach the surface before the existing skin is ready to start shedding. This creates a pile up of skin material, which manifests itself in the common form of psoriasis which involves having flaky scales.

Medical professionals say psoriasis may be caused by specific events, or triggers in our lives. People often develop psoriasis after a specific incident happens for instance. These psoriasis causes are referred to as triggers, and they're often similar types of incidents. Getting a severe illness or infection such as strep throat for instance, is often a psoriasis cause. Other things such as hitting a time of extreme stress in your life can also be a psoriasis cause though.

Alternative medicine specialists disagree on these points however. They feel psoriasis is caused by much deeper problems within your body and it's major internal organs.

The liver for instance, is thought to be a psoriasis cause if it's not functioning properly. Since the liver is our body's waste disposal and toxin filtering facility, if that organ is not working properly that can cause toxins and waste to be backed up in our bodies. And when those toxins get backed up, our body tries to release them in other ways, such as through the skin.

Another major organ in your body thought to cause psoriasis is the colon. Since your colon is the primary method used within our bodies to remove waste and toxins, if that is not working properly it can cause psoriasis among many other health conditions.

By cleaning your liver, helping it to repair and heal, and flushing all the built up toxins from your colon, alternative medical specialists feel you'll be eliminating the true psoriasis cause instead of simply treating the symptoms as mainstream medical professionals do.

Note: Statements in this article are not approved by the FDA, and should not be considered as professional medical advice.

Nail Fungus – The Causes, Prevention and Useful Facts

Our respective surroundings may be good to live in but the body is never safe from various diseases living round us. There are many different kinds of bacteria, good and bad that make use of our body as good host for breeding. Take tinea unguium for example, the name itself already sounds dreadful, right? Let us find out more about them.

Nail Fungus: An Overview

Nail fungus is an infection in the nails. When the bacteria called dermatophyte or tinea unguium penetrates the nails, then contamination occurs. These bacteria spawn from yeasts and molds that thrive in damp environments. They grow in places where there is very low supply of oxygen, or anaerobic in nature.

Also called onychomycosis, dermatophyte is also the cause of other common skin disorders such as ringworm, jock itch, psoriasis, and athlete's foot. When one is infected with onychomycosis on either finger or toenails, he experiences reddening and swelling, irritation and itching, and unpleasant odor around the infected area. The nails thicken and become frail until it totally detaches from the nail bed when the infection reaches the highest degree. There are various classifications that characterize onychomycosis:

– Distal Subungual Onychomycosis (infection of the nailbed);
– White Superficial Onychomycosis (formation of "white islands" on the outer layers of the nail bed);
– Proximal Subungual Onychomycosis (infection of the proximal nail fold);
– Candidal Onychomycosis (invasion of bacterium candida);
– Total Dystrophic Onychomycosis (destruction of nail plate).

Nail Fungus Causes & Prevention

The key factor that encourages nail fungal infection is improper hygiene. You can avoid acquiring the disease by keeping a clean body and surrounding. Let us look into a detailed list of causes and measures to evade onychomycosis.

– Careless use of public properties or walking around barefoot in open pools, communal washrooms, and gyms give the fungus easy access to your nails. Be reminded that dermatophytes are anaerobic.

– Lack of hygiene. The instruments you use on your nails are not 100 per cent safe unless they are sanitized. Check with your professional manicurist or pedicurist if they are sterilized.

– Heavy perspiration. You feet has greater share of risk of acquiring nail fungal infection as they are frequently confined inside your shoes and tight socks. To keep them fungi-free, always give your feet enough rest before washing them, dry them well, and apply foot powder. Choose the right socks to wear, avoid pure cotton but go for those with spandex.

– If your hands are already infected, seek advice from a specialist. Otherwise, apply topical treatments available over the counter. Some of the most prescribed brands are Lamisil, Tinactin, Penlac, Dermisil, lacquer, or simply put Vicks VapoRub on the infected part.

Generally, it takes three or more months of therapy before the bacteria disappear and a new nail to grow. This, however, does not make you safer as the infection may recur if not taken care of.

Some Useful Facts

Nail fungal infection can hit anyone but among the most susceptible victims are adults ages 60 and above or persons with diabetes or leukemia because of having weak immune system and problems over blood circulation. The males have larger percentage of infection than females and children are the less likely prey. These tiny microorganisms depend on warm and damp environment, which make your toe nails an appropriate breeding ground.

Hernia Repair – Femoral Surgery In India At Low Cost – Femoral Surgery

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 Hernia Repair – Femoral Surgery In India


Hernia Repair – Femoral Surgery

A hernia is when an internal part of the body, such as an organ, pushes through a weakness in the muscle or surrounding tissue wall. Usually, your muscles are strong and tight enough to keep your intestines and organs in place, but sometimes they aren’t, causing a hernia. 

A femoral hernia occurs when tissue pokes through into your groin or the top of your inner thigh. It pushes through a weak spot in the abdominal wall called the femoral canal…


A hernia occurs when abdominal contents, usually part of the small intestine, push through a weak point or tear in the thin muscular wall of the abdomen that holds the abdominal organs in place. In a femoral hernia, a bulge is usually present in the upper part of the thigh, just below the groin, where the femoral artery and vein pass. Femoral hernias tend to occur more often in women than in men…

Other triggers include : –

  • obesity
  • a smoker’s cough
  • constipation
  • carrying or pushing heavy loads…

Q. How does a hernia occur ?

Hernias can occur from a defect at birth or from gradual weakening of the tissue. The abdominal wall muscles surround the stomach, intestines, and other organs. There is an opening in the groin on each side called the femoral canal. This opening is beside the large (femoral) vein draining blood from the leg. The space of the femoral canal allows the vein to expand to drain the blood from the leg when you are exercising or walking…


A femoral hernia is usually diagnosed during a physical examination. In many cases, the patient will consult the doctor because of pain in the groin area or the inside of the upper thigh. The pain or discomfort of a femoral hernia may come and go, increasing when the person coughs or strains…

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Marriage on The Rocks? Blame it on Snoring

So many people are still not fully aware of the health issues directly and indirectly related to snoring problems on a continuing basis. Not only is snoring seriously unhealthy for the person who is kept up nightly from their spouse's or partner's snoring, but snoring is also a very serious issue for the person who snores. For all those directly or indirectly involved, a solution must be found, because snoring is very serious, no matter the extent what level the snoring problem is considered to be.

For both the person who snores and the person who has to try to sleep through it, until a solution is found, both people have to deal with the erratic patterns of sleeping. With this comes daily restlessness and mild to extreme irritability for one or both of those suffering from snoring and sleeplessness.

Snoring has now scientifically been linked to heart disease, strokes, severe depression, and even erectile dysfunction. For those sleeping with the snorer, study indicates cases of severe depression, weight problems and mood swings. High blood pressure is connected with both, having heightened sensitivities and irritability beyond normal.

Snoring in a marriage has now been directly correlated with marriage issues beyond periodic spats. In many cases, the one trying to get some sleep during their husband's or wife's nightly snoring will end up moving out of the bedroom and into a quieter part of the home. This is like a band-aid for the problem, because there will be better sleep for the one that moved out of the room, and even some pressure may be taken off of the person who snores, but all of this relief is truly only temporary , because other issues start.

One of the strongest bonds that rekindle a marriage on a regular basis is sharing the same room together at night. It is a safe-haven for so many couples for keeping the bond between the husband and wife through intimate talks, physical intimacy and snuggles before sleep. Both of these are necessary bonds to keep any couple going stronger through busy and hectic days of life.

If there is a separation due to snoring, all of the extremely important parts of marriage will disappear, putting an unwanted wedge between any married couple. In severe cases, there may eventually be marital separation, and even divorce that originally started from snoring.

With the problem of snoring, it is best for so many reasons to not ignore it or try to resolve it without a physical separation within the marriage. Snoring is not only a problem for one person in a marriage, but for both within the marriage. It is to time it take action and the find the best anti snoring remedy available.

Head Injuries – Do’s And Don’ts

The brain is a very soft and a delicate organ. However, the protection offered by the head to the brain is limited and a hard and sudden blow to the head can result in injury to the brain of the spinal cord, not apparent through any visible signs on the head or the face. This is the reason why all head injuries are considered to be serious unless certified otherwise.

Head injuries are of two kinds – Open and Closed. Open head injuries, are apparent head injuries with bleeding or marks on the face or the skull. Closed head injuries are injuries that have no signs of injury externally. Open head injuries being apparent can be taken care of with medical help. Closed head injuries are more serious in nature since it is difficult to gauge the cause, scale or area of injury on the face of it.

The brain is a soft and jelly-like organ protected by the skull. This jelly like organ floats inside the skull in a nourishing liquid also called the cerebrospinal fluid. This fluid not only nourished the brain but also acts as a shock absorber. However, the protection extended by this liquid is limited to small knock san jars. A hard impact can injure the brain by smashing it against the insides of the skull, bruising it or tearing important blood vessels. If the blood vessels are torn or ruptures the brain would then begin to leak blood and serum, leading to an increase in pressure inside the skull. Since the skull has only so much volume, this increase in intracranial pressure can result in permanent damage to the brain by crushing.

How to judge and handle a head injury

Professional medical care is always recommended for a head injury, but there could be some first aid that can be administered.

Blood can never be the reliable indicator of a head injury. Wounds can be superficial, but the seriousness of a head injury can be judged by –

– Consciousness: A person afflicted by a head injury may become unconscious or may remain in a conscious state but become drowsy or confused. Check the injured for breathing and turn to one side without disturbing the neck and the head are too much. If the injured is not breathing, check for the pulse. If the pulse is positive try giving mouth to mouth resuscitation at one every four seconds by pinching the injured’s nose. In case of no pulse try cardiac compression and alternate with mouth to mouth resuscitation.

– Skull deformities: A deformed skull either compressed or swollen are signs of a fracture.

– Clear fluid leak: Leaking of clear fluid from the ears or nose is a symptom that the skull has been fractured most probably at the base. Gently cover or pad the ear and turn the injured to the affected side. In case of bleeding try and control it by applying pressure to the wound.

– Black eyes or skin bruises: These symptoms indicate blood vessel rupture around the eyes and ears.

– Vision changes: Dilation of pupils of the eyes indicates a serious head injury and can result in blurred or double vision.

– Nausea: The most common side effect of head injury is nausea and vomiting. Make sure the airway to the injured is clear and he is breathing.