Foods to Prevent and Treat Liver Cancer (Hepatocellular carcinoma)

Liver is an internal organ located in the upper right portion of the abdomen, beneath your diaphragm and above your stomach.

Liver cancer is defined as a condition of out of controlled growth of hepatocellular cells in the liver. Since the organ is a soft tissue with less nerve, most liver cancer patient are diagnosed in the later stage of the cancer. According to the statistic, liver cancer remains the fifth most common malignancy in men and the eighth in women worldwide.
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is a common form of primary liver cancer.

Types of food to prevent and treat liver cancer
1. Coffee
In the study to examine whether coffee and green tea consumption was associated with a reduced risk of liver cancer by hepatitis virus infection status in the Japan Public Health Center-Based Prospective Study Cohort II, Dr. Inoue M, and research team at the National Cancer Center indicated that a similar risk tendency was observed in those with either or both HCV and HBV infection. In contrast, no association was observed between green tea consumption and the risk of liver cancer in all subjects. Our results suggest that coffee consumption may reduce the risk of liver cancer regardless of HCV and HBV infection status, whereas green tea may not reduce this risk(1).

2. Rice bran
In the study to examine the antioxidant activity and cytotoxic effect of PA extracted from rice bran against selected cancer cell lines (i.e. ovarian, breast and liver cancer), showed that The PA extract from rice bran displayed safe and promising anticancer properties in selected cancer cell lines and it is believed that its antioxidant capability is the likely contributor to the observed anticancer properties(2).

3. Wolfberry
In the study of Hepato-protective potential of carotenoid meso-zeaxanthin [(3R, 3’S)-beta, beta-carotene-3, 3′-diol]  in vivo rat models, Dr. v and the research team at the Amala Cancer Research Centre suggested that level of glutathione and antioxidant enzymes, superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase, in liver tissue was increased by meso-zeaxanthin pretreatment compared to control group during alcohol and CCl4 induced hepatotoxicity. Hydroxyproline, an indicator of fibrosis in liver tissue, decreased remarkably by meso-zeaxanthin administration despite its notable elevation in ethanol treated rats. Histopathological analysis of liver tissue showed the hepatoprotective potential of meso-zeaxanthin(3).

4. Honey 
In the study to evaluate the effect of chrysin, a natural, biologically active compound extracted from many plants, honey and propolis, on the tissue and circulatory antioxidant status, and lipid peroxidation in ethanol-induced hepatotoxicity in rats, indicated that Chrysin administration to rats with ethanol-induced liver injury significantly decreased the levels of thiobarbituric acid reactive substances, lipid hydroperoxides and conjugated dienes, and significantly elevated the activity of superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S-transferase and the levels of reduced glutathione, vitamin C and vitamin E in the tissues and circulation compared with those of the unsupplemented ethanol-treated rats. The histological changes observed in the liver and kidney correlated with the biochemical findings(4).

5. Etc.

For the series of Foods to prevent and treat cancers, visit http://foodstopreventandtreatcancers.blogspot.ca/p/phytochemical-in-foods-to-prevent-and.html

For more health articles, please visit http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.ca  

Sources can be found at http://medicaladvisorjournals.blogspot.ca/2012/06/phytochemicals-in-foods-to-prevent-and_29.html

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Symptoms – Is This Why Your Fingers Feel Numb?

Carpal tunnel syndrome symptoms can include numbness, tingling and weakness in the hands and fingers. It is due to interference of the nerve supply to the hands and fingers and it can interfere with normal daily activities. This article shares more details on the symptoms of carpal tunnel syndrome and includes a concise discussion on what causes this condition as well as how it can be treated.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Symptoms And Causes

Symptoms can include tingling, pins and needles, numbness or pain, especially in the thumb and first 2 or 3 fingers. This may be worse at night interfering with sleep. The fingers may feel swollen or “fat” first thing in the morning. Shaking the hand will restore feeling in the early stages of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome.

Severe cases may result in weakness in the hand (dropping objects or difficulty carrying bags) or atrophy (shrinking) of the muscles in the hand.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome results when the median nerve is compressed as it travels through the wrist. Compression may be caused by swelling of the tendons that surround the median nerve or the ligamentous band that forms the tunnel the nerve passes through. Therefore, any overuse (i.e. typing, writing, sewing, driving, painting, sports, etc.), or repetitive abuse of the hands and wrists (i.e. working with vibrating machinery) may initiate symptoms.

Pregnant women who experience swelling in the wrists may be at risk and the condition is most common in people 30 to 60 years of age with women being more likely than a man to develop symptoms.

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Diagnosis And Treatments

The first signs of the condition will typically be notice by the person and an evaluated by a physician should be scheduled. The evaluation may include a physical examination complete with orthopedic tests or an EMG (electromyography) which evaluates the function of the nerves.

Treatment begins with the avoidance any irritating activities. This may require changes in the workplace to reduce any stressful movements of the wrist. If irritation continues or symptoms reappear, ice or anti-inflammatory medication (i.e. aspirin, ibuprofen) may be helpful.

A physician may prescribe anti-inflammatory medication or cortisone injections at the wrist, or recommend a brace be worn at night or throughout the day to limit excess motion. Severe cases may require surgery (Carpal Tunnel Release Surgery).

Great Ways to Use Essential Oils for Your Dog

Here are a few simple ways to prevent health issues for your dog. Essential oils products made by Young Living are natural ways to promote health, naturally prevent pests, and help stop tooth decay. Please keep in mind the not all essential oil brands are processed to the standards of Young Living and if you use other brands you may not receive the benefits and may be causing harm to your pet.

I am a dog breeder and able to test essential oils then view the results. I have attended many classes, read numerous books, listened to countless podcasts on essential oils. I have had the pleasure to speak with a few holistic vets who use essential oils. I tried out suggested applications and discover first hand, if the remedies are good solutions.

These solutions contain many benefits without expensive vet costs or the side effects of manmade products. Here are a few of the Young Living products I have tested. The results have surpassed my expectations. One great benefit is I am no longer applying unnecessary poisons to my dogs or adsorbing the toxicants myself.

Purification is blend of essential oils made by Young Living and is wonderful for cleaning dog’s ears. Put a drop of purification on the palm of your hand, rub the end of a Q-tip in the drop then clean your dog’s ear. Repeat the process with a fresh end of a Q-tip for the other ear. Repeat daily till the Q-tip is free of debris. It kills ear mites instantly. Dr. Melissa Shelton, DVM has preformed tests and she witnessed the ear mites dying when she applied purification on the microscope slide. Purification diffused or sprayed on their bedding kills pests, disinfects and keeps your home free of critters without using harmful chemicals.

Lavender is a natural solution for tear staining. Once a day, put a drop in the palm of your hand then use your index finger to apply the drop by rubbing your finger across the upper bridge of your dog’s nose right below its eyes. Lavender unblocks the eye ducts and kills the bacteria caused by the tearing.

I have a couple of dogs with eye injuries from hunting, interacting with other pets or other issues. Dr. Melissa Shelton, DVM told me about a dog that was a last chance candidate with an eye issue. She used lavender mixed with water and was having success resolving the eye issue. I mixed a solution of 8 drops lavender to 8 ounce steamed distilled water and a packet of sodium chloride/sodium bicarbonate usp grade. The packet is ½ of a teaspoon. Sodium chloride/sodium bicarbonate usp grade can be purchased at Walgreen’s or online; it’s used for the neti pot sinus rinse. It is an emulsifier and keeps the solution from separating since oil and water do not mix. The solution must be shaken each time before use if you don’t use an emulsifier. The mix is similar to eye wash solutions used for humans. Put the mixture in a glass spray bottle. Spray the solution 2-3 times in the effected eye once per day and watch the healing begin.

Curly, our English Springer’s eye was extremely large from a hunting accident that occurred in 2006 at the age of 8 years old. The eye was getting larger and looked like it was about to burst. I was sure he would need surgery and might lose his eye. I started using the solution and his eye returned back to normal size and the cataract is becoming smaller. That’s amazing.

This solution repels pests, relieves skin issues and makes their coats soft. It also relieves sore muscles. I mix 1 drop lavender and 1 drop peppermint to 1 ounce steamed distilled water. Then add a drop of Young Living bath & shower gel base as an emulsifier to 6 ounces of the water in a spray bottle. Spray the solution on weekly or as needed then massage in with your fingers up your dog’s spine. Your dog will love this routine.

Thieves, another blend made by Young Living is excellent for helping to prevent tooth decay. In a 4 ounce glass spray bottle, I mix 2 drops thieves to 1 ounce of steamed distilled water. I use the solution nightly to spray on my dog’s upper gums and teeth. Lift the upper lip on each side of your dog’s mouth and spray the solution on the teeth. Thieves kills the bacteria that cause the tooth decay. Thieves makes your dog’s immune system stronger, it’s a natural antibiotic. Antibiotics made from drugs kill both the bad and the good bacteria. You will need to build back up the good bacteria with probiotics like Life 5, yogurt, kefir, etc if you use manmade antibiotics. The thieves solution is a cheaper, easier, healthier method to daily brushing their teeth or bringing your dog in to the vet for the recommended 6 month teeth cleaning.

Start educating yourself by reading labels then looking up ingredients on your computer, in the browser search bar. I use Young Living Animal Scent shampoo for bathing my animals. It has essential oils that clean and repel pests without harmful side effects of other pet shampoos. It does not have any cancer causing ingredients like sodium lauryl sulfate found in most shampoos. It can be use as needed and not only once every 30 days as stated on most pet shampoos.

Another great product by Young Living is Animal Scent Ointment. I have been using it to heal wounds. The hunting dogs get nicks and cuts when hunting. I apply to their sores and their wounds heal quicker. It wonderful to apply after dew claws removal or tails docking. It speeds up the healing process and prevents infections. I apply the ointment to my cuticles at night since I need to wash my hands often; the ointment heals my dry hands quicker over the other products I have used in the past. Plus there aren’t any toxicants.

One more outstanding product is Young Living Thieves Household Cleaner. I’ve been using it to clean my kennels. Mix 30 oz. water to1 oz. thieves household cleaner in a spray bottle and spray on the kennel. It kills the germs, bacteria and is safe for dogs even if they lick their paws. I do not need to remove their water or food, thieves is natural product that is safe to ingest. I do not need to rinse or let it air dry. It does not burn my lungs or irritate my skin. I remove the dog while spraying the solution; it has cinnamon and can be irritating to their eyes while the mist settles which only takes seconds.

DISCLAIMER

The author offers information and opinions, not as a substitute for professional medical prevention, diagnosis, or treatment. It is advised to consult a vet educated with using essential oils before taking any home remedies or supplements or following any treatment suggested by anyone. Your vet can provide you with advice on what is considered safe and effective for your animal’s unique needs or diagnose your animal’s particular medical history.

Guggul Health Benefits- Cholesterol Lowering Herb

Guggulu, commonly known as guggul in Hindi language, is very important and trustworthy herb in ayurvedic system of medicine. It is an important content of very famous ayurvedic classical medicines like yograj guggulu, kaishore guggul, triphala guggul, chandraprabha vati, arogyavardhani vati etc. It finds its use in almost every kind of illness due to its miraculous treating power.

Commiphora mukul, biological name of guggulu or Indian bedellium as in English language, is a small shrub or a tree, which reaches a maximum of 4 6 ft in height. It bears thorns on its branches. It possess small leaves those very similar to that of a neem tree. Its flowers are of red in colour and bears fruit that are oval in shape and pulpy in nature. Guggulu is the gum resin that is being excreted by bark of the plant. It is generally found everywhere in India.

Guggulu is an ushan virya herb i.e. it has hot potency, therefore has a killer instinct of the diseases cause by vata dosha prominence. But its effects are also seen in suppressing all the three aggravated dosha hence it works as tridosha suppressant. Guggulu gets these properties as it contains tickt and katu rasa. In chemical composition guggulu (extracted resin) consist of octanordammarana terpenes manusumbionic acid and manusumbinone as obtained from chemical analysis. Guggulu is only used after purification (shudhikar) in milk; it should never be used in raw form.

As mentioned earlier guggulu is indicated in many ailments.

Following are its few of the indications: –

· Guggulu is very often used as an anti inflammatory and pain relieving herb by Indian herbal doctors, as it has ushan virya in potency thereby possess the power of suppressing vata which is pain causing factor.

· It has been very dominantly used in arthritic pains. It also possesses the property that helps in reversing the degenerative changes that has occurred in joint and bones. It helps in relieving pain and swelling. Due this property is also believed in strengthening nervous system of the body. Hence widely used in diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, gout, Osteoarthritis, sciatica, paralysis, hemiplegia, lymphadenopathy etc.

· Guggulu is widely used in skin diseases as it acts as blood purifier. It promotes the production of red blood corpuscles (RBC) and improves the action of white blood corpuscles (WBC), which are helpful in fighting against any kind of infections. Guggulu is also known for improving our immune system. Good results are seen in leprosy and eczema.

· Guggulu is regarded as ayurvedic antibiotic and is blindly used in infectious diseases with great results.

· Guggulu finds its application in problems related to heart. Great results have been seen in people who suffer from high cholesterol levels. Significant lowering in blood cholesterol levels has been reported by regular use of guggulu. It helps in maintaining LDL and HDL levels in blood in normal limits.

· Guggulu has properties, which is indicated in hypertension. It helps in lowering in blood pressure levels and helps in maintaining it to normal levels.

· A good result has also been seen in reducing fat levels from body. As guggulu is ushan virya in property and has well penetrating power because of tickt and katu rasa, gives it the property that can be very helpful in obesity-realated problems. Ayurvedic physicians have used it as anti obesity agent since centuries.

· It also works in strengthening our digestive system, helps in easy secretions of digestive juices, works as appetizer, avoids indigestion and constipation, also beneficial in hemorrhoids and colitis. It is helpful in relieving from hyperacidity and belching. Good results have also been seen in liver related problems.

· Guggulu is also seen helpful in upper respiratory tract infection. It works as expectorant by helping in suppressing kapha dosha, which is the main culprit in causing wet cough. Benefits are also seen in asthmatic conditions.

· A great benefit has been seen in patients suffering from renal calculi. It works as diuretic and also helps in crushing the calculus thereby relieving and treating a person from renal stones.

· Gargles done by guggulu water (guggulu dissolved in water) have been widely used in tonsillitis, mouth ulcers, upper respiratory tract infection, throat irritation, pharyngitis and stomatitis.

· It has been seen that by regular usage of guggulu helps in improving sexual ability and sperm count. It also helps in improving sperm quality. Therefore also works as aphrodisiac.

· Menstrual disturbances and painful menses are another disease where guggulu gives wonderful results and has been a part of many classical ayurvedic medicines.

· Guggulu also works as rasayan i.e. used in promoting youthnesss with longitivity. This is the reason it is the part of well-known rasayan known as Chawanprash.

How to Treat Cataracts and Relieve Foggy Vision Without Surgery Or Pain Using NAC Eye Drops

If you have noticed your vision blurring or problems with glare or night driving, you may be developing cataracts. But don’t fret, you may not need to undergo surgery – there is an alternative! NAC Eye Drops dissolve cataracts and relieve foggy vision without surgery or pain. NAC Eye Drops contain N-Acetyl-Carnosine (NAC) to naturally dissolve cataracts and improve general eye health.

How does a cataract happen?

The lens of the eye is comprised mostly of water and protein. In time and under certain circumstances, a “cloud” will form over an area of the eye due to some of the proteins clustering together. This is a cataract. Over time, the cataract may grow larger and denser, making your vision blurry or fuzzy, even affecting the way color is experienced.

Common vision symptoms of cataracts include:

  • Cloudy, blurry, foggy, or fuzzy vision.
  • Difficulty with glare or brightness.
  • Frequent changes in your eyeglass prescription.
  • Irritation when wearing contacts.
  • Increasing trouble with depth perception and visual acuity.
  • Double vision or a halo effect.
  • A change in the way colors are viewed.
  • Better near vision (farsighted people only).

What is N-Acetyl-Carnosine (NAC)?

L-Carnosine is a naturally occurring antioxidant and antiglycation agent (glycation is a result of a chemical reaction between blood sugars and proteins). NAC acts as a time release vehicle for the L-Carnosine, allowing the effect of absorption into both the aqueous (water) and lipid (fat) components of the eye. Carnosine-containing eye drops have demonstrated efficacy in treating a variety of other ophthalmic conditions, including corneal diseases, glaucoma, and increased intraocular pressure.

Unfortunately, the most common procedure used today to alleviate cataracts is surgery, not eye drops, which is why you may not have heard of this before. But, you really can avoid this invasive eye surgery by using this simple treatment. If you want to dissolve cataracts and relieve foggy vision without surgery or pain, try NAC Eye Drops.

I recommend NAC Eye Drops to all of my patients with cataracts or failing eye health. Personally, I have witnessed the dramatic effect of these drops through my grandfather. His eyesight was dimming, we assumed due to old age, but it wasn’t until the blue haze that we realized it was cataracts forming. After using the drops twice a day in both eyes in only about 2 weeks, the blue was gone and his vision appeared clear again. He continues to administer the drops daily as the proteins will continue to gather and bind to form cataracts, and the formula is good for general eye health as well.

What are the ingredients of a effective NAC eye drop solution?

  • N-Acetyl-Carnosine (NAC) – 1.0%
  • Glycerin (lubricant) – 1.0%
  • Hydroxypropylmethlcellulose Sodium (lubricant) – 0.15%
  • Sterile Water (ophthalmic grade isotonic solution, pH 6.3 to 6.5)
  • Buffered with Boric Acid, Citric Acid and Potassium Bicarbonate
  • And, as a preservative, Purified Benzyl Alcohol.

There is a lot of information available on case studies performed using NAC eye drops. If you still have your doubts, I recommend doing a little research yourself. If you’re ready to start using NAC Eye Drops to treat your cataracts and alleviate foggy eyes without surgery or pain, congratulations! You’ve made a wise choice. To your good (eye) health!

Are You Taking the Correct Lutein Dosage to Prevent Macular Degeneration?

The proper lutein dosage depends on your age and your current state of physical health, as well as other factors. There are no risks associated with high daily intakes, other than bronzing of the skin, which occurs with all carotenoids.

Carotenoids are pigments or colors. They combine with each other to form all of the colors of the rainbow.

Beta-carotene, the primary carotenoid found in carrots, is a red-orange pigment. Zeaxanthin, which is nearly identical, on a molecular level, to lutein, is a deep yellow-orange color. Lycopene is bright red.

All of the carotenoids are important to the health of the eyes and to visual acuity. Night blindness is usually caused by a lack of beta-carotene or other carotenoids in the diet.

Beta-carotene is converted within the body into vitamin A, an essential nutrient. Deficiencies are common in developing countries and can lead to total blindness. Hundreds of thousands of malnourished children go blind each year due to a lack of this common vitamin.

Lutein and zeaxanthin are found within the retina of the eye. The retina is a light-gathering mechanism that connects directly to the optic nerve.

It is believed that a daily lutein dosage supports the health of the retina and reduces the risk of age-related macular degeneration (ARMD). The macula is a sensitive portion of the retina, responsible for central vision. ARMD is the most common cause of blindness or partial blindness in the elderly.

Most sources recommend supplements that contain a mixture of the carotenoids. But, just how much is enough? That’s the question that most people want to know.

Ideally, everyone’s diet would be rich in nutritious fruits and vegetables in an assortment of colors, which would prevent the need for supplementation. But, dietary preferences aside, fruits and vegetables simply are not as nutritious as they once were. In addition, lutein and zeaxanthin are micronutrients. They are present in foods in very small quantities in the best of situations.

Finding the correct lutein dosage is complicated by the fact that it is not considered an essential nutrient, like vitamin A. (Beta-carotene is typically recommended as a supplement to prevent vitamin A deficiency, because too much vitamin A from animal sources can be toxic.) As yet, there are no recommended daily allowances for micronutrients. But, some health experts, particularly those in the ophthalmic field, have made recommendations.

A 10mg lutein dosage should be sufficient for a child or a young person that does not suffer from any eye disease. For an adult, 50mg, combined with 6-10mg of zeaxanthin is recommended to help reduce the risk of AMRD and other age-related eye diseases.

If you are considering supplementation for the first time, look for one that contains lycopene, beta-carotene and a mixture of carotenoids, as well as other micronutrients. We might not know just what the optimal consumption is yet, but it stands to reason that many of us are not getting enough, since diseases like AMRD are so common.

The better multi-nutritional supplements contain a 50 lutein dosage. That’s what I take every day.

Naturally Cure Acid Reflux- Say Good-bye to Heartburn

If you suffer from acid reflux, heartburn, hiatal hernia, gastritis, esophageal reflux or bile reflux, this could be the most important information you ever read!

I would like to introduce you to Bob! Bob is your typical guy who loves his family and works a 9 to 5 job. However, Bob wasn’t always as happy as he is today! In fact, Bob is living on borrowed time! You see, Bob almost lost his life in 1976 because of acid reflux and complications from the stomach surgery treatment. Though his story doesn’t end here. After years of dealing with the uncomfortable pain and almost losing his life, Bob finally discovered his first acid reflux remedy. And his first remedy (an apple) would be the beginning to naturally cure acid reflux permanently!

A Simple Natural Acid Reflux Remedy- An Apple

Bob tells his ‘apple’ story like it was yesterday (though it was almost 30 years ago)! Bob would dread the feeling of going to bed knowing that in hours he would be leaning over the toilet trying to vomit because of his reflux problems. However, something happened one particular night that would change his life forever! Bob actually woke up the next morning and slept the whole night! This miracle hasn’t happened in years!

Bob immediately retraced his steps and discovered the only difference from his nighttime routine was eating an apple. The next night, Bob experimented with eating another apple and what do you know? Bob discovered his first simple natural acid reflux remedy… an apple! This simple acid reflux remedy eventually led to a permanent acid reflux cure!

An Acid Reflux Cure vs. An Acid Reflux Remedy

So what’s the difference between an acid reflux remedy and an acid reflux cure?

An acid reflux remedy is a temporary fix to a problem. Bob discovered that an apple would help his reflux problem during a flare-up. However, an acid reflux cure is a permanent solution to the problem. Bob discovered numerous other tips and remedies that aid to a permanent solution to his reflux problem.

Do you see the difference? A remedy would be compared to an aspirin which will help you forget the pain of a broken arm. A cure is a cast put on the broken limb to permanently fix the problem. Obviously, a cure is always the best option!

Naturally Cure Acid Reflux

Bob didn’t settle on a simple remedy for his acid reflux problem. Bob sought out a permanent solution to naturally cure acid reflux. And you can too! In fact, Bob is my dad and we have been specializing in acid reflux cures for almost 4 years. After receiving over a thousand testimonials from our loyal customers, we have decided to offer our natural cure for acid reflux with a 100% guarantee on it! In other words, if our cure doesn’t do what it states (cure you of acid reflux); then you don’t pay a cent! To learn more about how you can naturally cure acid reflux and say good-bye to heartburn forever, please visit Naturally Cure Acid Reflux.

Different Types of Eye Surgery and Their Effectiveness

The use of computer technology in medical science has been extending during recent years. Laser eye surgery has become more and more popular, while non-laser procedures have also improved. Although many people think that LASIK is the only type of refractive surgery, there are in fact various types of eye surgery for correcting vision.

Laser Eye Surgery

These procedures involve the use of a laser to reshape the cornea in order to improve the eye’s ability to focus. There are several types of laser eye surgery, such as LASIK, LASEK, Intralense or PRK.

Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)

This procedure is used to treat astigmatism, nearsightedness and farsightedness. The surgeon removes a flap through the outer and middle layer of the cornea and then uses an excimer laser to remove tissue under the flap. This type of eye surgery usually takes about one minute per eye.

Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK)

LASEK is very similar to LASIK, except for the fact that the flap is cut only from the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium). It is used mostly for patients with thin corneas, who are not eligible for LASIK. It is a newer procedure with a few drawbacks, such as more discomfort and slightly longer healing period.

IntraLense

This type of eye surgery is also very similar to LASIK, except that the surgeon uses an extra laser instead of a blade to create the flap in the outer layers.

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

This procedure is used to treat astigmatism, nearsightedness and mild to moderate farsightedness. A laser is used to remove tissue from the outer layer of the cornea and correct vision. The surgeon doesn’t cut any flap in the cornea. The surgery usually lasts less than a minute.

Non-laser Eye Surgery

These surgical procedures involve improving vision by cutting into the surface of the eye, reshaping the cornea or using low heat radio waves. Astigmatic keratotomy incisions, intraocular lenses and implantable contact lenses are among the most common non-laser eye surgery procedures.

Astigmatic Keratotomy Incisions

This procedure is used to correct mild astigmatism. Bulgy areas of the cornea are reshaped by using a blade. Many patients undergo such a treatment in conjunction with other types of eye surgery. However, it is now less frequently used than laser eye surgery procedures, such as PRK or LASIK.

Implantable Contact Lenses

These are implantation devices used to treat severe farsightedness and nearsightedness. The lens is placed behind the iris, in front of the natural lens of the eye. Unlike normal contact lenses, you can’t feel them and they don’t need maintenance. The procedure can take from 6 to 20 minutes.

Intraocular Lenses (IOLs)

This type of eye surgery has been around for many decades now and the lenses are usually implanted during a cataract surgery to replace the natural lens of the eye. Years ago, these lenses used to help only with distance vision and patients needed to wear glasses for close vision. However, the method has been improved and now helps with close and intermediate vision as well.

While many surgeons prefer laser procedures and the newest technologies, some still advise a small number of patients to choose a non-laser surgery instead. All eye surgery procedures involve certain risks and have possible side effects, so it is best to consult a physician to fill you in with all the details about each treatment.

Which Prescriptions Go With Which Lenses?

You’re ordering glasses online.

You enter your prescription and your pupillary distance. (The pupillary distance, abbreviated PD, is the distance from the center of one pupil to the center of the other pupil. It’s as necessary as your prescription to get glasses online.)

The website you’re ordering from reads these items then recommends a lens for your eyeglasses.

How does it know which lens is right for you?

Here’s how. Each optical lens, from standard index to high index, from single vision to multifocal, accommodates a particular prescription range.

Let’s take a look at the various prescription lenses optical retailers offer, the various prescription types, and the prescriptions within those types the lenses cover.

The two broad prescription categories are single vision and multifocal. Multifocal prescriptions comprise bifocals and progressives.

Nearsightedness and farsightedness are corrected according to the numbers in the Sphere (SPH) section of a prescription. Single-vision prescriptions for nearsightedness can be filled up to -20.00, for farsightedness up to +12.00.

If you have an astigmatism, this will be indicated on your prescription by numbers in the Cylinder (CYL) and Axis (sometimes abbreviated “X”) fields. For single-vision prescriptions, meaning those with no numbers in the Near-Vision Reading ADDition section (NV-ADD or just ADD), Prescriptions in the CYL section can be filled up to + or – 6.00. The numbers in the Axis or X section just refer to the angle at which the CYL, an actual cylinder that’s invisible to the wearer, is placed on the lens.

A tiny portion of eyeglasses wearers have prism corrections on their prescription. These can be filled for single-vision (not multifocal) prescriptions up to 5.00 in any base direction (base up, base down, base in, or base out).

For people who have numbers in the NV-ADD section of their prescription and want to get the type of multifocal glasses known as bifocals, which are eyeglasses with a lined reading-addition segment at the bottom of the lens, prescriptions for nearsightedness can be filled up to -9.00 and for farsightedness up to +6.00. You can go up to +3.50 on the NV-ADD.

The type of multifocal eyeglasses known as progressives are glasses with no visible line between the three different focal segments, which are distance (driving and watching TV) vision at the top of the lens, intermediate (computer) vision at the middle of the lens, and near (reading) vision at the bottom of the lens.

Prescriptions can be filled with higher corrections for progressives than for bifocals. Most progressives go up to -10.00 for nearsightedness and up to +8.00 for farsightedness. Just like with bifocals or single-vision glasses, the CYL correction goes up to + or – 6.00. And just like with bifocals, the NV-ADD goes up to +3.50.

Here are the specific single-vision lenses, with the prescriptions they accommodate.

For the mildest of single-vision prescriptions, those ranging from -2.00 to +1.00 or lower on the SPH and +/- 2.00 or lower on the CYL, the recommended lens is the 1.50 standard-index lens.

This lens is made of CR-39 plastic. CR-39 plastic is a polymer (a polymer is a large molecule composed of many repeated subunits, known as monomers) that gets its name because it was the 39th formula of a plastic developed by the Columbia Resins (hence “CR”) project in 1940. The first use of this plastic was to help create glass-reinforced plastic fuel tanks for the B-17 bomber in World War II.

CR-39 plastic has an index of refraction of 1.498, rounded up to 1.50 in the optical world.

Another lens available for single-vision prescriptions is the 1.57 mid-index lens. This lens is often described as “polycarbonate composite,” because in addition to polycarbonate the lens is composed of other polymers and resins that keep the lens thinner than the 1.50 lens. Its range is -4.00 /+2.00 or lower on the SPH and +/- 6.00 or lower on the CYL.

The 1.53 mid-index Trivex lens is a polymer lens that is the most impact-resistant lens available. It covers the same range as the 1.57 mid-index lens: -4.00/+2.00 or lower on the SPH and +/- 6.00 or lower on the CYL. It’s recommended for rimless, children’s, and sports eyeglasses because of its unequaled impact resistance. However, unlike the 1.50 and 1.57 lenses, it cannot be tinted.

If $29.95 is more than you would want to spend on an impact-resistant single-vision lens, the 1.59 pure polycarbonate lens, for $9.00, may be preferable. It covers the same prescription range as the 1.57 polycarbonate composite and 1.53 Trivex lenses, -4.00/+2.00 or lower on the SPH and +/- 6.00 or lower on the CYL. Also, it’s the second most impact-resistant lens available, just down a notch on impact resistance from the 1.53 Trivex lens, making it a good, less-expensive alternative for rimless, children’s, and sports eyeglasses.

However, like the 1.53 Trivex lens, it cannot be tinted, although it is available in glare-reducing polarized sunglasses and photochromic “auto-tinting” lenses, which turn dark in the bright sunlight and become clear again when you are out of the sun.

Occasionally, some people who have rimless or half-rim glasses with 1.59 pure polycarbonate lenses have reported some chromatic aberration, meaning rainbow-like reflections, around the outer edge of the lens.

In addition, the 1.59 pure polycarbonate lens tends to scratch more easily than the 1.50, 1.57, and 1.53 lenses, because it’s a softer lens material.

The 1.61 high-index polymer single-vision lens provides a thinner lens for stronger prescriptions than mid- and standard-index optical lenses do. It is suitable for SPHs of -6.00/+3.00 or lower and, like all the others except for the 1.50 standard-index lens, CYLs that go up to +/- 6.00.

A high-index lens reduces the edge thickness for nearsighted (-) prescriptions and the center thickness for farsighted (+) prescriptions. In addition, it has a flatter, aspheric lens surface, which improves the visual quality the wearer experiences while reducing distortion of their eyes when others are looking at you.

Next comes the 1.67 high-index polymer single-vision lens. It provides a thinner lens for prescriptions than the 1.50 standard-index, 1.53 Trivex, 1.57 mid-index, 1.59 polycarbonate, and the 1.61 high-index lenses. It covers SPHs of -20.00/+10.00 or lower and CYLs of +/- 6.00 or lower.

Just like the 1.61 high-index lens, the 1.67 lens reduces the edge thickness for nearsighted (-) prescriptions and the center thickness for farsighted (+) prescriptions. And just like the 1.61 high-index lens, its aspheric lens surface improves the visual quality the wearer experiences while reducing distortion of the wearer’s eyes as seen by others.

The highest index single-vision plastic lens is the 1.74 high-index polymer lens. It’s for nearsighted (-) single-vision prescriptions only. It provides a thinner lens for SPHs of -8.25 to -10.00 or lower and covers CYLs of +/- 4.00 or lower.

Just like the 1.53 mid-index Trivex and 1.59 polycarbonate lenses, the 1.74 lens cannot be tinted. It’s unavailable as a polarized or photochromic lens. Like the 1.61 and 1.67 high-index lenses, it has an aspheric surface, improving the wearer’s visual quality while reducing distortion of the wearer’s eyes as seen by others.

Anti-reflection coatings are good for any optical lenses, but they are especially recommended if you’re getting high-index lenses. They reduce glare and reflection and allow more light to pass through the lens, improving contrast, which improves visual acuity.

That covers single-vision lenses.

For bifocals, the most common type is the flattop 28 D-style near-vision reading segment lens. What that means is that the top of the bifocal segment lens is flat and the bottom is curved, making the bifocal lens appear like the capital letter D laid on its side. It’s called “flattop 28” because the widest part of the bifocal segment lens is 28 millimeters (mm) across.

One of the bifocal lenses is the 1.50 standard-index bifocal lens in CR-39 plastic. It’s just like the 1.50 standard-index single-vision lens, except it has the bifocal segment. This lens is good for SPHs of -3.00/+1.50 or lower with CYLs of +/- 6.00 and an ADD of +3.50 or lower.

The bifocal segment line is located 2 mm below the center of the lens. So if you get a lens that is 30 mm high, the bifocal segment will be at 13 mm up from the bottom, 2 mm below the 15 mm center line.

A 1.61 high-index aspheric bifocal polymer lens provides a thinner lens for prescriptions with SPHs of -9.00/+6.00 or below with CYLs of +/- 6.00 or lower and an ADD of +3.50 or lower.

As with single-vision high-index lenses, an anti-reflection coating is recommended for high-index bifocal lenses.

Now let’s look at progressive lenses.

Progressive (no-line multifocal) glasses follow the same pattern as the single-vision lenses in terms of the index of the distance portion of the lens. They deviate a bit from the bifocals regarding the near-vision reading segment. The progressive lenses in the style called “free-form” has a reading corridor of approximately 14 mm, roughly half the width of the bifocal lens.

The 1.50 standard-index progressive CR-39 plastic lens covers SPHs of -2.00/+1.00 or lower with CYLs of +/- 6.00 or lower, and an ADD power of +3.00 or lower. The 1.57 mid-index progressive polymer lens covers SPHs of -4.00/+2.00 or lower, CYLs of +/- 6.00 or lower, and an ADD power of +3.50 or lower.

The 1.53 mid-index Trivex progressive lens has, like the single-vision Trivex lens, the highest impact resistance of all the lenses we carry. Also like the single-vision Trivex lens, this lens cannot be tinted. It’s a little thinner than the standard-index 1.50 index lens. It covers SPHs of -4.00/+2.00 or lower, CYLs of +/-4.00 or lower, and an ADD power of +3.00 or lower. It’s recommended for rimless and sports eyeglasses, but unlike the single-vision Trivex lens, it’s not recommended for children, who are prescribed multifocal glasses only in rare instances.

The features of the next progressive lenses, the 1.59 mid-index pure polycarbonate progressive lens, and the high-index 1.61 and 1.67 lenses, follow the same pattern as the single-vision lenses. The 1.59 progressive lens, which, like the Trivex lens, cannot be tinted (although it can be ordered as polarized, glare-reducing sunglasses or with photochromic, “auto-tinting” lenses), covers SPHs of -4.00/+2.00 or lower, CYLs of +/- 4.00 or lower, and an ADD of +3.00 or lower.

The high-index 1.61 progressive polymer lens covers SPHs of -6.00/+3.00 or lower, CYLs of +/- 6.00 or lower, and an ADD of +3.00 or lower. The high-index 1.67 progressive polymer lens covers SPHs of -10.00/+8.00 or lower, CYLs of +/- 6.00 or lower, and an ADD of +3.00 or lower. As with single-vision lenses, anti-reflection coatings are recommended with high-index lenses.

Now you know all the features of all the prescription lenses.

Myopic Leadership Often Fatal

What is myopic leadership, and why is it so dangerous? It is a condition where those in positions where they should behave as leaders, only seem to see the issue or issues directly at hand, and only consider short- term, short- sighted solutions. This type of near- sighted leadership often creates a false sense of security because it creates a short- term fix that may address an immediate concern, without taking into consideration the cause or causes of the challenges, and the longer term ramifications. This is most commonly witnessed in organizations that face either membership attrition (or other issues), or fiscal challenges and/ or adversities. Thomas Jefferson said, “A man who stops advertising to save money is like a man who stops a clock to save time.”

1. Many organizations in recent years have seen their membership rolls diminish for a variety of reasons. Certain myopic leaders have addressed this by granting reduced dues or free memberships, blaming circumstances, or raising dues and/ or fees in order to compensate for the dwindling revenues being received from a smaller membership base. Granting reduced or free memberships may artificially inflate numbers, and thus give an organization a false sense of security, because experience shows that the vast majority of these individuals are not committed, and will not remain members when they must contribute dues, etc. This is far different than merely granting dues relief to those in hardship situations, which is often a superb long- term approach to build committed and grateful members. Blaming anything may make someone feel like they have deflected responsibility, but blame is neither a solution nor a trait of a true leader. Raising dues may seem like it would raise revenues, but in many cases, unless it is accompanied by an increase in perceived value, actually diminishes the membership numbers even further.

2. Rather than examine the causes of negative trends, myopic leaders immediately reduce expenditures. Often, this draconian approach is counter- productive, because members feel like they are being taken granted of, and/ or many feel that the organization loses much of its relevancy because of the reduced services and/ or programs, etc., being provided. A true leader looks at the big picture, examines all aspects of revenue and expenses, and prioritizes them, based on the true needs of the organization. In financial matters, that means to make decisions via a zero- based budgeting procedure, where every cost is looked at, and decisions are made as to what works and what does not, what the needs are, and what is the best way to achieve the mission of the organization.

Many myopic leaders are hailed as saviors when they make their short- term fixes. However, those that follow organization leadership realize that in the long run they are often disastrous to the group.

Importance of Sea Turtles to Humans

Sea turtles have been living on this planet named Earth for more than 100 million years and they have travelled throughout the oceans of the world. They are one of the oldest species living on the earth. Their body structure is so much well designed that they have even survived the extinction which the dinosaurs failed to survive. But now human beings have become the greatest threat for the survival of this mighty creature. We have destroyed the harmony of nature and environment in such a way that sea turtles who have survived great extinctions are now on the brink of getting extinct. We can learn about the present condition of the earth’s climate and environment by observing the present condition of the sea turtles.

Sea turtles are of great economic value. They are the assets of those countries who have them in their territory. Sea beaches are popular tourists spot. Every year lots of people travel throughout the beaches of the world. And the beauty of the sea beaches is its living beings. Without corals, fishes, turtles and other estuarine animals, sea beaches lose its beauty. And to keep the ecosystem of the sea working in a proper way, all living beings should be conserved.

Green sea turtles are usually herbivorous in nature. They eat sea weds and keep them short which helps to maintain the quality of the sea bed. Sea grass also needed to be cut short like lawn grass for its better growth. Sea beds provide the ground for breeding for many valuable sea animals like crustaceans, fish, shellfishes etc. If turtles get extinct, health of the sea bed will be deteriorated and sea grass will decline. As a result, animals living on grass will be lost and this will affect other big animals who live on small herbivorous animals. Eventually whole ecosystem will collapse resulting in the destruction of the living beings of the sea which is the source of beauty of the sea beaches. So tourists would not come to travel sea beaches and the countries whose economies depend on tourism will suffer in the long run.

Sea beaches and dune system can not hold nutrition. So vegetation does not grow well in dunes and in beaches it does not grow at all. Sea turtles nest and lay eggs on beaches. Each turtle lays almost 100 eggs each season. Not every egg would hatch and not each of the hatchlings would be able to come out of the eggs. All these unhatched eggs and hatchlings who do not become successful in coming out of the nest and make the way to the sea are the source of nutrition in the beaches and dunes.

The more the nutrition the more vegetation grows in dunes. And as more vegetation grows, ecosystem of the beaches and dunes works properly. The vegetation also grabs the sands firmly in the beaches and prevents from being eroded. This saves the beauty of the sea beach. As the number of sea turtles is decreasing day by day, nutrition sources of dunes and beaches are also decreasing as a consequence. This will lead to the failure of the whole ecosystem and as a result the beach will lose its appeal to the tourists which will affect the economy of these countries severely.

Sea turtles have historical importance too. They were the symbol of aristocracy and delicacy in the ancient time. In China and Japan tortoise shell were used as a decorative ornament. They used to make it from carapace scutes of tortoise shell. Sea turtle scutes were processed by ancient Greeks and Romans to make components like brush and combs. Aristocrat class people used these tortoise produced components.

Peru’s ancient inhabits Moche used to worship the sea and living beings of the sea. Sea turtles have often been highlighted on their arts.

Mexican people harvest sea turtles for food and boot. In many areas of the world coastal people depend on turtles for the source of protein. Their skin is used for making shoes and leather bags in many areas of the world. They also protect humans from the attack of deadly box jellyfish by eating them.

We can see that the world is becoming a hostile place for sea turtles. It is a clear warning to us that it might become harder for us to survive too. If we learn from the mistakes which we have made and pledge to make things right to save sea turtles from getting extinct, we will be saving ourselves too.

Do You Have A Stomach Ulcer?

Ulcers are basically unhealed sores. They can be on the skin, in the mouth, or even around the eye. Most people, however, associate ulcers with the stomach. These types of ulcers (or any ulcer, for that matter) can cause a great deal of discomfort, resulting in almost constant pain. In some cases, simply controlling the pain and ignoring the signs is enough. With a stomach ulcer, however, this is not particularly wise. The reason is that there are many problems associated with stomach ulcers that can be serious. Some ulcers even eat all the way through the stomach lining (called perforated ulcers), and this can be fatal.

The myth that ulcers are caused by stress or coffee or some other non-living thing is a myth. It has recently been discovered that ulcers are actually caused by a kind of bacteria. Certain conditions can aggravate the ulcer and create more ideal conditions for the bacteria to thrive. Stress can certainly aggravate your ulcer, but it is not the root cause. Other things, such as smoking, can exacerbate the problem as well. And aspirin is also a contributing factor to the continuance of ulcers. While aspirin can be helpful on occasion (as long as the doctor has cleared you for it), it is something that can be very irritating to your stomach lining and further encourage an ulcer.

The symptoms of a stomach ulcer include acute pain that comes in spurts (similar to heartburn or acid reflux). The pain often comes between meals or in the middle of the night. The pain may also be a gnawing discomfort that affects the middle or upper abdomen. Additionally, in some cases an ulcer can manifest itself when you notice bleeding when you make a bowel movement. Bleeding through the bowels can indicate a bleeding ulcer, which can be deadly if the ulcer spreads in size to reach a blood vessel and causes a hemorrhage.

Taking antacids can bring temporary relief. If, however, you find that you are constantly taking these to bring relief, there may be a bigger problem than mere acid reflux. If you feel that you are in a constant state of stomach pain and heartburn, you might want to see a doctor about testing you for an ulcer. If you are uncomfortable going in just for the ulcer, make sure that you talk about it during your yearly physical check-up. Or you can ask to schedule a routine test, such as cholesterol screening, at the same time. If you experience feelings and symptoms associated with a perforated ulcer or with a bleeding ulcer, though, you should seek help immediately, as these are life threatening in a short period of time.

Ulcers are not pleasant things. However, if you get it checked out, and you do have an ulcer, there are plenty of ways to take care of it. Since the bacteria that causes ulcers has been identified, it is possible to cure an ulcer with medication, rather than relying on surgery. And this makes getting rid of stomach ulcers easier than it was before.

Waxing Exam Questions – Examples for Your Revision Plan

Waxing is a popular treatment in a beauty salon, so as a beauty therapist you need to be 100% confident with your technique and make sure your knowledge of waxing is second to none. Having a large selection of waxing exam questions is therefore essential to any beauty student’s study plan.

There are 4 different types of wax including;

Hot

Warm

Cold

Sugar

You need to know the difference between each one, the ingredients, what temperature they should be, what areas of the body they are used on and how to apply the wax etc.

Another vital area that needs to be covered when you are studying waxing is the anatomy and physiology part of it, namely anatomy of the skin and hair.

Take a look at the following waxing questions and see how many you can answer, try not to look at the answers;

1. What temperature should warm wax be used at? (Around 43 degrees C)

2. What 3 things make up the hair shaft? (Medulla, Cortex, Cuticle)

3. What are the 3 stages of the hair growth cycle? (Catagen, Telogen, Anagen)

4. What type of wax is ideally used on stronger, short hairs? (Hot)

5. Where is sebum produced? (Sebaceous Glands)

How did you do? These are the most basic questions that you need to know so if you were not able to answer even 1 of them, then you need to alter your revision plan.

A lot of terminology that you need to learn can be very difficult to remember so using your waxing revision questions over and over again will greatly improve your chances of retaining the information.

A lot of examining bodies such as ITEC, VTCT, NVQ and CIDESCO offer multiple choice questions as the format for the exam. Some examples of these type of waxing exam questions include the following;

01. Which endocrine gland is known as the master gland?

a) Pineal

b) Thyrod

c) Adrenal

d) Pituitary – Answer

02. Warm waxes are frequently made of mixtures of;

a) Resin and oil

b) Glucose syrup and honey

c) Glucose syrup and zinc oxide – Answer

d) Honey and witch hazel

03. Which one of the following is a cause of ingrowing hairs?

a) Too much exfoliation

b) Oily skin

c) Hot wax

d) Poor waxing technique – Answer

04. What is the composition of the cortex?

a) Thin, unpigmented flat cells

b) Thick, pigmented cells

c) Several layers of closely packed elongated cells – Answer

d) Several layer of closely packed endothelial cells

The secret to passing your waxing exam is having a structured revision plan which includes various exam questions and quizzes that you can revise.

The God Complex in Therapy-Counselling

Abstract:

What does your patient (client) expect from you? Their life is in turmoil, problems ascend from the sky and land squarely at their feet and they need answers. The danger here for therapists is to become everything for that person, father figure, sexual object, confessor, adviser and most of all the only person who has ever really listened to them and understood! In this paper we will explore the dangers to both therapists and to clients when both parties start to see the therapist as a God – the know all – see all – understand all, a being who will magically whisk away all those terrible feelings and leave a well-adjusted happy person behind.

Introduction:

From the time therapists began in the early 19th century patients have idolised their doctors as someone special amongst all the people they know, whether that be male or female it does not matter but the relationship structure of the powerless under the spell of the powerful. Freud and others recognised that patients often transfer their needy emotions to the therapist (counsellor) in the form of a love object. Most after some period of therapy actually find their feelings for the therapist actually diminish to one of respect or care but not as intensive as the early sessions. This bell-shaped graph of emotion shows the early mistrust to dependency to eventual co-dependence and finally disengagement from the carer to an independent self supportive state of mind. Of course these same therapists realised that dependency works the other way in counter-transference where the therapist becomes dependent on the patient (client) and finds disengagement fearful and experienced as a loss.

In order for therapists to deal with the problem elaborate rules were devised over the years by societies and expressed as boundaries of behaviour (ethics). In these rules the therapist should be aware of transference in both directions and deal with the situation by gentle rejection and assurance to the client that these feelings are normal and will pass. However for many therapists and clients these intense emotional feelings do not always go away and ethical lines become crossed by the therapist who allows their need for worship and to be treated in a God like manner to blur their judgement for the patient’s well-being and on-going treatment.

God Like Worship

What entices the therapist to slip so easily into the God complex? One definition is that the therapist themselves have a needy personality from childhood. Where maybe from a large family of siblings where parents have to share out the love available – where competing for attention often results in frustration and feelings of being alone even in a house surrounded by others. As adults they often search for people who are giving in nature to satisfy their need for attention that was sadly lacking in childhood. So when confronted with an attentive client the therapist can find themselves feeding off their loving worship, enjoying the attention, the worshipfulness of the client that allows the therapist to feel powerful, loved and above all needed.

A second area is that of the therapists self -esteem. The therapist may have feelings that they are not fulfilling there own professional standards, that they are failing their clients through lack of knowledge, professionalism and so constantly look for clients to assure them through their God-like worship that they are doing a good job, that they are succeeding in helping them feel better. The therapist is constantly asking the client questions such as, “are you feeling better?”, “have things improved?”, and “are these sessions helping you?” All are genuine questions for any therapist to ask from time to time to check or measure progress but when asked to often can indicate that the therapist is looking for approval or commendation for the work so far. In other words they want to hear they are doing a good job for the client. Here the therapists self-esteem can be boosted and help them to continue to treat clients with a new-found confidence. However this confidence is only temporary as the self-doubts creep back in over time and further reassurance is needed from the client to boost the ego once more to its God-like heights. When one particular client is constantly praising the therapist then in turn the therapist creates a need for that client that makes it imperative they continue in treatment. To achieve this the therapist is constantly searching for new reasons to continue the sessions not for the sake of the client but in fact for their own needs.

A third area is professional snobbery, here the therapist has a reputation to keep, a need for recognition both by the client as an expert but also the adoring public for their outstanding work or achievements. Here the therapist becomes the centre of the counselling process in which they are magnanimous in their Godly status amongst fellow colleagues and the public arena. This dangerous self-importance can lead to recklessness on behalf of patients who believe this person to be that all-knowing God who will answer their need to be treated by the best – the one with the outstanding reputation amongst his peers – that therapist who is hard to see (get an appointment with) as they are so busy and in demand. Of course this same therapist has the largest fees to pay and so the client perceives they are getting the best as they are paying the most.

The Crisis Trap

Every therapist is aware of the trap of transference and counter-transference and despite this knowledge can find themselves sucked into an unhealthy situation even without realising what is happening until a crisis emerges where the patient and therapist meet at the junction of an emotional precipice where decisions have to be considered about the continuance of therapy itself and the disengagement from those emotions that have crept up so silently. Once in this situation the therapist has the difficult task of repairing the relationship either by toning down their own responses to the client or recommending the client see a new therapist. However for the therapist who is addicted to the attention of the client this is a hard decision – to send away the very person who is giving them the need they have become drawn too. For some therapists there are other concerns such as being found out, a professional complaint, an incidental family interference or crisis of confidence about their own skills in counselling. This can lead to a fear response effecting other client’s sessions and outcomes. A therapist in emotional crisis cannot be effective in helping clients when they are more concerned with their own welfare than that of the patient.

Outcomes

Is it so surprising that as therapists we are any less than anyone else in need of love, attention, to have needs met, to feel wanted and appreciated by others. So it is not surprising that given the opportunity to feel worshiped in a God like manner that so many therapists fall from grace and into the trap of hero-worship by the very clients whom they should be looking after for their emotional needs and helping them to grow so as to deal with their own (the clients) real life problems and to move forward being able to cope with life.

There is no easy solution to this phenomenon of transference and to offer a simple guide to avoiding the situation would be futile as every situation brings differing dynamics that each therapist has to confront and deal with as professionally as possible. However it would be unfair not to point out some obvious rules of thumb for therapists who succumb to God Worship, at least to think about.

First once you realise as a therapist that boundaries have been crossed a general discussion with a peer professional may help to reassert their personal perspective about themselves and the client involved. Secondly the therapist should consider breaking with the client and so end the unhealthy situation by recommending another therapist (usually of the same sex as the client). Third if the transference is one-way (from the client only) then to explain to the client the reasons for their feelings towards the therapist and how in counselling a inverted bell like pattern of emotions can be seen as a healthy progression through stages of the sessions towards a healing process in the end. That mutual respect is a far healthy outcome than God-like worship that in fact may colour the outcome of the treatment. To take the I’m OK – Your OK position in that both parties to the transference have needs to be met and acknowledge those needs but within the boundaries of good ethical practice. Fourth is to realise that to be appreciated by the client for doing your job is a worthwhile reward but that there are limits to that praise that have to be tinged with realism about the therapist’s role in counselling as a guide and not a God-head for the client to worship at.

Conclusion:

I started out in this paper warning therapists about the trap of transference and how it can become addictive to have clients worship you and hold you in unnatural high esteem. That it is natural for all humans and not just therapists to seek love have needs met and feel wanted. However therapists are unique to our society in that they must be trusted to keep boundaries and professional standards when offering treatment to vulnerable clients who often desperately need to have answers to their problematic lives with an atmosphere of trust, respect and humanitarianism Magic may be expected from the client but realism and genuine support and understanding is the real magic offered by therapy to the client.

END…

Your Management Consultant Lifestyle and Diet Can Result in Healthy Weight Loss

Despite the diet and lifestyle challenges of being a busy and successful Management Consultant, you can still lose weight fast and permanently. Here is a series of simple tips and techniques I used to lose 50lbs while working as a Management Consultant in 2007.

OK, how on earth do I find the time to exercise in this job? If you’re serious about losing weight, some sensible exercise is a must. There are plenty of other benefits too, such as better stress tolerance, improved sleep, enhanced love life and more energy throughout the day. Exercise gets rid of that mentally drained feeling for good.

I keep a folding cycle in the car, together with a high visibility jacket, cycle helmet, gloves and cycle lights. That way, whether at home or not, exercise needs are covered.

The best time to exercise is before breakfast. This energises the body for the day ahead, so set the alarm 30 minutes earlier. This way, you’re getting more out of the day and through exercise, quality of sleep will improve significantly. When you awake at 6.15am, instead of thinking “it’s cold outside” and hitting the snooze button, visualise how great you’re going to look and feel for the rest of the day after getting some gentle exercise.

Find a form of aerobic exercise that works for you and aim to work up a gentle sweat, rather than push yourself hard. Over-exercise can actually cause weight to be held around the middle through the release of cortisol, a stress hormone. Many people make the mistake of exercising hard once a week or so, rather then gently and sensibly, several times a week.

So go on, take my challenge! Set the alarm half an hour earlier for 3 days this week, get into your favourite form of exercise and work up a gentle sweat, then see what an amazing difference it makes to the day and your productivity! If you’ve not exercised for some time, it makes sense to consult the Doctor before starting any new programme of exercise.

How can I handle the challenge of a client lunch and all those nights in hotels?

Try ordering two starters and having one as the main course. The different starters will handle your need for variety and leave that satisfied feeling.

Avoid a full cooked breakfast and try poached eggs on brown toast instead. Go for cereals which have a high fibre content and add low fat or soya milk. The body needs 25g of fibre a day and this step alone would enable most people to lose 10lbs in weight during a year.

Make sure that you drink enough water – a minimum of 2 litres each and every day. It’s water, not other drinks that your body needs at regular intervals. Don’t mistake hunger for thirst; by the time the mouth is dry, your body is already dehydrated. Take it sensibly though, as excess water (more than 4 litres a day) can result in other health challenges. Alcohol and caffeinated drinks are very dehydrating to the body, so for faster weight loss, reduce intake of these.

What about the finger buffet at lunch and all those morning/afternoon snacks?

Go for sandwiches with no mayo and salad items in in your finger buffet diet. Look for, or request some simple salad items (small tomatoes, cucumber pieces and celery are easy to eat with one hand).

Eat a piece of fruit at morning or afternoon breaks, rather than biscuits and cakes. Take your own fruit or some chopped veggies like carrots and celery to work if necessary.

How do I best combat stress?

Acting on the above tips will increase your productivity as a Management Consultant by increasing energy and vitality. Eating a healthy diet is one of the best ways of handling stress at source, before it ever becomes a problem.

Alcohol and caffeine may seem like a short term fix for stress, but they contain toxins and minimising consumption is a far better strategy for effective stress management and rapid weight loss. Reducing consumption of toxins means that the body doesn’t have to work hard at eliminating them and can concentrate on the more important task of metabolising away fat instead.

Despite a busy lifestyle, you can do these simple things; so make a start today and make 2009 your best year ever!