5 Reasons to Get Up and Skateboard When It’s Cold

When it’s freezing cold outside, finding the motivation to go outside and practice your skateboarding skills can seem like a near impossible task. It can be hard to resist the temptation of just slouching back on a comfy sofa, with a hot mug of coffee and hibernating until spring time arrives. It’s a problem that every skateboarder experiences at some point or another. So, if you’re suffering from a severe case of winter skateboarding apathy, just read on, and you’re guaranteed to want to get up and out there, whatever the weather.

1. Awesome Winter Streetwear

There are so many awesome winter streetwear lines out at the moment, and the cold weather gives you the perfect excuse to indulge in a little retail therapy, which is always something to smile about. Penfield and Dunderdon are both renowned for the style, practicality and quality of their coats, so if you go for one of these brands you know that you’re guaranteed to look bang on trend, and still be comfortable and warm. Many streetwear brands design their clothes with skateboarding in mind, so it shouldn’t take you long to find something that suits your specific needs.

2. Help Cure the Winter Blues

Winter can be miserable enough without depriving yourself of something that you truly love. Plus, there’s nothing better than a little physical exertion to get the endorphins flowing, and to ward away the winter blues. However cold it is, you’ll warm up soon enough once you start skating.

3. Practice Makes Perfect

In skateboarding, only the hardcore will survive. If you were a guitar player, you wouldn’t put your instrument down for 6 months out of every year. Well, not if you wanted to be any good at it. If you persevere during the cold months, by the time the warm weather comes, your skills will be so honed that you’ll make everyone else look like amateurs. In skateboarding, if you want to be the best, you have to give your best.

4. Have Skateparks all to yourself

In the winter, many skateparks are frequently empty and free of the manic hustle and bustle of the warmer months. So, this gives you the perfect opportunity to try out all those complicated new tricks, without the fear of embarrassment if you end up falling flat on your face.

5. Commitment to the Cause

Skateboarding has evolved so much since its inception back in the 1950s. There are now more skate parks than ever before, and some schools are even offering it as an extra-curricular activity. Skateboarding not only has its foot in the door of mainstream culture, it has been invited in and offered refreshments. And it never would have gotten this far if the skating community had let such a minor thing as cold weather get in their way. Skateboarders have fought hard to be accepted – are you really going to let down the cause and leave the skate parks abandoned, all because of a little cold weather?

So, there we have it. If that lot didn’t inspire you to get out on your board then nothing will – all that’s left to say is what are you waiting for?

The Color of Mucus – Deciphering the Hues

Whether created to lighten the weight of the head, serve as a "crumple zone," give better resonance to the voice, just simply to produce mucus, or for a combination of all those reasons, the sinus cavities play a vital role in our breathing mechanism and in keeping us healthy. Without the yucky stuff they produce our lives would be miserable.

It is interesting that we do not notice the sins' constant production of mucus until it becomes thick or excessive-although normally we produce up to a quarter a day – or it creates sinus pressure. Beside giving moisture to the air when needed, mucus acts as gatekeeper warding off viruses, bacteria, foreign particles, pollutants, that otherwise would compromise our breathing mechanism and cause infection and other problems. It does not catch only those elements, but it also washed them away.

What about the colors of mucus? According to some authorities here are the meanings:

Clear and watery – this is the normal, healthy kind; it is constantly being produced and is needed for the protection of our breathing apparatus, digestive organs, etc., by guarding them against contamination and disease. It contains antiseptic enzymes, salts and water, of course. Mucus also serves as a lubricant. Clear, again, is the natural healthy color of mucus.

Yellow – produced when the air is too dry, can also be an indication of a sinus infection, bronchitis – when accompanied by coughing, wheezing, fatigue, chest discomfort, shortness of breath after a mild exertion; not all these signs or symptoms need to be present when having bronchitis.

Green – can be a sign of a sinus infection or bronchitis -see additional signs and symptoms for bronchitis under yellow , above. If there is a green nasal discharge accompanied by a sinus pain or fever and this has been going on for several days it can be a sign or symptom of a bacterial infection and a doctor should be seen.

Brown – if you smoke or have spent some time in a place filled with tobacco smoke chances are that this is the cause of that mucus color. Smoking exacerbates any respiratory health issue and makes much worse any mucus problem in the upper respiratory organs and passages. It pays to quit smoking.

White – this is not a common hue of mucus and it can be caused by the use of dairy products, especially when one is having congestion and pressure in the sinuses and a dairy product, especially milk, is used. It can also be an indication of bronchitis -see additional signs and symptoms for bronchitis under yellow , above.

Blood – whenever blood enterprises any of the above mucus colors or appearances by itself it should be taken seriously and a physician should be consulted soon.

Mucus not only helps us detect what is wrong with us, but it aids our body by protecting it, as we have seen, against undesired elements in our environment. Mucus is a friend.

Joint Pain During Menopause Requires Your Attention

Many women experience menopausal joint pain symptoms. Medical experts have researched the connection between hormonal changes and this kind of pain.

Some women experience joint and muscle pain, mouth discomfort, headaches and some even report heart palpitations. Interestingly, women who suffer tension headaches, abdominal, or facial pain found their symptoms lessened after menopause. Scientists today feel there may indeed be a link between estrogen, hormone levels including their fluctuations and this phenomenon

Menopause and Joint Pain: Symptoms of Menopause

Menopause occurs when a women stops ovulating and her period ceases. Most women reach menopause between 45 and 55 years, with an average age of about 50. However, about 1% reaches it before the age of 40, known as premature menopause or premature ovarian failure.

The most appropriate changes recorded are in connection with menstrual cycle changes, changes in the bleeding pattern, hot flashes, sweating and urinary problems, such as, incontinence or increased frequency of urination. Dry vagina, mood changes, muscular weakness, joint pains and weight changes are all symptoms of menopause and can cause a great deal of pain as well as general feelings of discomfort in different parts of the body.

Menopause and Irritability: The Risks

Menopause is a very important time in a woman's life and all women who live past 40 must withstand the worst of this condition. A woman's body goes through many changes that can affect her social life, her feelings about herself and her functioning at work. In the past, many misconceptions and myths surrounded menopause but this perception has changed. Now, menopause is accepted as a natural step in the process of aging.

Contrary to the old-fashioned view that life is all downhill after menopause, many women today realize that the years after menopause offer new discoveries and fresh challenges. Modern medical advances have been addressed in a wide range of health care choices, especially for joint pain and bone deficiency problems.

These can enhance quality of life during menopause and the decades that follow. It is vital for women to know that menopause itself carries no serious health risks. However, the chance for heart disease and osteoporosis (thinning of the bone due to the insufficiency of the body to produce bone tissue) rises after menopause. Understanding menopause and the range of treatment options can help women make better health decisions.

Menopause and Irritability: Causes and Symptoms

Research has shown that a quarter of women have no problems while going through menopause, while half of the number will have some problems and the remaining quarter of them will have considered problems including joint pain.

These are usually associated with osteoporosis and arthritis, which results in weakening of the bones and the degeneration of the cartilage between the joints that can fracture easily following a fall.

Fluctuating estrogen levels and poor estrogen clearance, can affect how your joints feel. It stands to reason that some women would also have joint pains in response to the hormone fluctuations so common in perimenopause. It's important to have yourself checked by your primary care physician for either osteoporosis or arthritis.

Menopause and Irritability: Treatment

There are also medications and exercises you can get that will increase the severest of joint pains related to menopause. Some of these treatments include the use of steroids so it is critical to make this kind of decision in conjunction with your own doctor.

It's also prudent to check for the possibility of side effects from using these drugs and get a second opinion before embarking on a long-term treatment.

Employment Law – Maternity Leave – Nature, Capacity, Place

The case of Blundell v Governing Body of St Andrews Catholic Primary School and Another [2007], concerned a woman who claimed that she was discriminated on the grounds of her pregnancy. Regulation 18 of the Maternity and Parental Leave (etc) Regulations 1999 ("the Regulations") provides:

'(2) An employee who returns to work … is entitled to return from leave to the job in which she was employed before her absence, or, if it is not reasonably practicable for the employer to permit her to return to that job , to another job which is both suitable for her and appropriate for her to do in the circumstances'.

Regulation 2 (1) provides:

"" Job "in relation to an employee returning after … maternity leave … means the nature of the work which she is employed to do in accordance with her contract and the capacity and place in which she is so employed '.

The claimant was a teacher at the first respondent school. In the school year 2002 to 2003 she was given the responsibility of being a teacher for the yellow reception class. In June 2003, she told the second respondent, who was the head teacher, that she was pregnant.

The head teacher's standard practice towards the end of the school year was to ask each teacher what their preferences were on class allocation for the coming academic year. She usually tried to keep each teacher in a particular role for two years. Having been told of the impending maternity leave, the head teacher asked the claimant if she would undertake "floating duties" in the following year.

The claimant originally agreed, however, the next day told the head teacher that she did not wish to have a "floating role". The head teacher then told the claimant that she had decided, duely due to her concern about the disruption to the children, to allow the claimant to teach reception yellow again.

Subsequently, on the 5th of December, before the end of the school term, the claimant took sick leave because she was suffering from a pregnancy related condition. She then had her baby in January 2004. She was not due to return to work until the start of the autumn term and the head teacher did not ask her for her preference as to class allocation in June 2004.

Shortly before her return to work the head teacher offered her the option of a "floating role" or class teacher of class two. The claimant opted for the latter, although she had never taught year two previously and, on her case, year two involved heavy responsibility.

The claimant allegedly presented a claim for sex discrimination in the employment tribunal, complaining that she had suffered a number of damages by reason of her pregnancy. The tribunal dismissed the claim and so the claimant appeared to the Employment Appeals Tribunal.

On appeal, an issue areose as to the meaning of "job" in the phrase "the job in which she was employed before her absence" in regulation 18 (2) of the Regulations.

The appeal tribunal held as follows:

The aim of the Regulations was to provide that a returnee came back to a work situation as near as possible to that she left. The purpose of the Regulations was continuity, preferably avoiding dislocation. The contract was not definitive. The phrase "in accord with her contract" qualified only the 'nature' of the work. The tribunal felt that capacity was more than 'status', although might encompass it. It was deemed a factual label and so was descriptive of the function which the employee served in doing work of the nature she did. The fact that it was a factual label, and so not determined purely by the contract, was most demonstrated by considering the word 'place', which was also not purely contractual.

The level of specificity with which the three matters 'nature', 'capacity' and 'place' were to be addressed was critical and the central question was how the level of specificity should be determined and by what.

The question was essentially one of factual determination and judgment and hence for the tribunal at first instance.

In approaching the question, the tribunal had to have in mind both the purposes of the legislation and the fact that the regulations themselves provided for exceptional cases. These exceptional cases being where it was not reasonably practicable for the employer to permit her to return to her previous job, the employer might provide for her return to another job which was both suitable for her and appropriate for her to do in the circumstances.

The legislationought to ensure that there was as little dislocation as reasonably possible in her working life, and given that the purpose of the legislation was to protect the employee there was no need to construe 'the same job' as covering a broad spectrum of work in order to ensure an appropriate balance between employer and employee.

The term "Job" could be quite specifically defined. Leeway was provided by an employer being able to provide a job which was not the same job, but was still suitable. Where a prerequisite position was variable, a tribunal was not obliged to freeze time at the precise moment its occupant took maternity leave, but may have regard to the normal range within which variation had previously occurred.

In this case, the tribunal had given the right answer on the findings of fact it had made.

Throughout its decision was the theme that the claimant could have required to teach any class as asked by her head, and that was a real, not simply a theoretical requirement deriving from the contract alone.

§ The nature of her work, according to her contract, was as a teacher.

§ Her capacity, as a matter of fact, was viewed more realistically as a class teacher than as a teacher of reception yellow.

§ The place of work could not be said to be the reception classroom, but the school.

The post the claimant returned to was the same post, if the level of specificity was properly to be regarded as 'teacher'. If it was temporarily more specific, because the precise post varied, the question was wherever the job on return fell outside the boundary of what was permitted. It was clear that the tribunal found that it was not outside the normal range of variation which the claimant could have expected.

It was there before that the appeal would be dismissed on all grounds save that in relation to the failure to ask the claimant in June 2004 to state a preference as to the class she wished to take in the following year.

If you require further information please contact us at enquiries@rtcoopers.com or visit http://www.rtcoopers.com/practice_employment.php

© RT COOPERS, 2007. This Briefing Note does not provide a comprehensive or complete statement of the law relating to the issues discussed nor does it determine legal advice. It is intended only to highlight general issues. Specialist legal advice should always be taken in relation to particular circumstances.

Penis Fracture and Recovery: What Every Man Should Know

When it comes to penis injury, no man wants to think about the possibility of actually 'breaking' his penis – but some studies show that penal fact might actually be more common than previously believed. In addition to excruciating penis pain, a man may also face issues with lifelong dysfunction, severe curvature and other issues. That's why it's so important to know what to do if penis fracture happens.

The basics of penal fraction

When a man suffers a penis fracture, usually the first sign is significant pain. It usually happens during a trauma to the penis, such as a heavy blow during sports or, most commonly, an incorrect angle during sex. There might also be a 'popping' sound at the moment of injury.

So what just happened? When a guy gets an erection, it occurs because blood flows into two spongy channels in the penis. These are known as the corpora cavernosa. These hold the blood to keep a man erect, and when the deed is done, they allow the blood to slowly drain away.

The penal fraction occurs when the sheath around one or both of the corpora cavernosa gets torn. This does not happen on its own; it requires some sort of trauma. The immediate result is the loss of erection, significant penis pain, and sometimes swelling, bruising, or – depending upon how bad the penis fracture is – bleeding and other signs of damage.

How to treat a penis fracture

Some men will try to 'tough it out' and use painkillers, ice and other methods at home to ease the pain. However, this is the most horrible idea a man could have, as the damage to the penal must be repaired immediately to prevent further problems down the road. Penis fracture always means a trip to the emergency room!

Once there, a man can expect a few things to happen. First, he will be treated immediately, with doctors recognizing the problem that can stem from untreated fractures. Second, he will be given painkillers and other forms of relief that will alleviate the pain. Third, he will undergo a series of tests, such as an MRI or X-ray of the penis, which will show just how bad things are. Then he will likely be scheduled for surgery with a competent urologist, who will perform the one-hour procedure while a man is under general anesthesia.

As long as surgery is completed within three days of the injury, the chances of recovery from a penalty fracture are actually very good. In fact, a man will need some healing time but can soon get back to his regular bedroom activities.

What about recovery?

Recovery from a penis fracture takes about six to eight weeks, depending upon how bad the situation is. During that time, a man will be expected to take pain medications when needed, monitor the penis for signs of bleeding or other complications, and use comfort measures, such as icing the area, from time to time. He will also be expected to not have sex of any kind while he's recovering.

During recovery, the penal will be swollen, bruised and otherwise look rather frustening. But that's just part of the healing process, and must be taken day-by-day. One way a man can speed healing a bit is by applying a strong penis health crème (health professionals recommend Man 1 Man Oil, which is clinically proven mild and safe for skin) . A crème that contains healthy vitamins, such as A, C and D, as well as Shea butter for softness and alpha lipoic acid for fighting against skin damage, can be ideal for easing the penis pain during recovery.

How Much is My Broken Bone Injury Worth? A Compensation Claim Guide

Making an injury compensation claim for a broken bone

When talking about injuries, saying you have a broken a bone in an accident doesn’t give any real indication of how serious your injury might have been. A broken bone could mean anything from a fairly uncomplicated fracture that may only take 2 months or so to heal, through to a compound fracture, of the type often caused by crushing injuries that might take much longer. In the most serious cases, a broken bone might affect your ability to return to work, or might permanently restrict your mobility, leading to big changes in your lifestyle.

To say that there are many different types of fracture that you could suffer in an accident would is a bit of an understatement. There are literally dozens of different ways that bones can break and be broken. Some of these types of fracture are specific to certain bones; others can happen to just about any bone in the body. Fractures can vary greatly in their severity, and also in terms of how difficult they are to treat. A simple fracture, where the bone has broken in only one pace and the skin around the break has not been broken can be much easier to treat than a compound fracture, which is where one or both ends of the bone break through the skin.

The treatment of a fracture that has been sustained in an accident obviously depends on the type of fracture, whether there are multiple fractures to the same bone and the location of that bone in the body. Common treatments for more straightforward fractures range from using a splint (commonly used for fractured fingers and toes) to some form of plaster cast or removable support designed to protect the bone and take the strain off it whilst it heals. For more serious fractures, such as those where a small part of the bone has detached from the rest (known as an avulsion fracture), treatment might take the form of an operation to either manually set the bones in the correct position so that they will heal by themselves, or metal or composite pins will be inserted to physically tie the pieces of bone together.

Cerebral Palsy Therapy – Few of the Best Therapies for Cerebral Palsy

When it comes to highly recommended therapies for cerebral palsy occupational therapy takes the first priority. This therapy basically helps in nurturing an individual suffering from cerebral palsy by teaching him live independent life. Every parent wants their children to live an independent life despite the fact that their child is a cerebral palsy sufferer.

Occupational therapy helps this dream come true by teaching the children to establish a total sense of independence. This would include right from a lesson to make them use a rest room, a lesson to brush their teeth, a lesson to brush their hair etc. These lessons not only make the child suffering from cerebral palsy to lead an independent life but also enhance the level of self-pride overtime.

Next comes the turn of speech therapy which also believes to be one of the highly effective therapies for cerebral palsy. This therapy actually teaches the children suffering from this disorder to interact with the external world. This therapy totally deals with improving child's communication skills. A child is taught to carry forward a conversation via eye contacts or through various sign languages. There are various types of facial expressions which are taught to the child at the time of therapy so that child can utilize it at right point of time.

This helps them instigate the conversation and hence gradually makes them interact with all without any difficulty or without any hesitation. Speech therapy not only helps in improving communication skills but also can help in strengthening child's facial muscles. This can make your child relieve from pain while swallowing or eating. As a result nutrient nutrients get through your child's body with every meal.

Recreational therapy is a therapy of its own kind which brings some fun activities to the children suffering from cerebral palsy. This develops various athletic abilities in your child and makes them mingle with other children and have more fun.

Of all the different types of therapy, occupational therapy is often considered to be the most important, and the most useful for your child. Counselors and therapists are trained in all kinds of different areas, and will work with you or your child to identify the specific skills that he or she needs in order to function better in our life. That means that they could work on two separately separate areas, like walking and writing, for instance, in the same session. In this way they are tailor to your specific needs.

Alien Abduction Or Sleep Paralysis?

Since the first reported alien abduction in 1957 by Antonio Villas Boas there have been a number of others that have also claimed to have been ousted. Their stories are remarkably similar. They wake up and find themselves paralleled, unable to move or cry out for help. They see flashing lights and hear buzzing sounds. They feel an electric sensation which levitates their bodies. The approaching aliens with wrap-around eyes, gray or green skin, lacking hair or noses causes the abductees' heart to pound violently. They are transported to the alien's ship where they are probed. Instruments are inserted in their noses, naves, or other orifices. It's painful. Sometimes sexual intercourse occurs.

After a few seconds or minutes it is over. The aliens have vanished and the slaves are back in their own beds and can move again.

This experience sounds strangely like that of someone experiencing sleep paralysis. You wake up and find yourself paralleled, unable to move or cry out for help. You are moving from a sleep to a waking state causing hallucinations, where you may see and hear strange forms and sounds. Where you are fully awake you are not sure what just happened.

OK so how do I come to remember all the details of my experience? Well most people that have claimed to have been abducted only remember the experience after being hypnotized to help them recover their lost memories.

Some leading Psychologist believe that hypnosis is a misleading way to help recover memories. Not only that, it renders the subject intolerable to creating memories of things that never happened, things that were suggested to you or that you just imagined.

This means that during hypnosis the hypnotist may actually create false memories by asking you questions like is there anyone in the room with you.

A study conducted by Psychologist at Harvard University also found that while the abductees show little evidence to support psychopathology in abductees. The research did indicate that these individuals typically do not meet the criteria for serious psychiatric impairment, but they scored high on measures of schizotypy. Such individuals can be described as eccentric, forward to magical and imaginary thinking, and loners. The study concluded that abductees were prior to creating false memories in the lab and were confused about the source of their memories.

This study also made some other tantalizing discoveries. Measurements of sweating, heart rate, and brain waves reviled that those claiming to be abductees show similar symptoms of post-traumatic stress syndrome as combat veterans. The researchers did not, however, conclude that the abductees had experienced combat-type trauma. Rather, they believe, it is the emotional significance of a memory, whether it is true or not, that causes sweaty hands and rapid heartbeats.

You may also find it interesting that stories of alien abduction did not exist prior to 1962, and they seem to have gained popularity after they were publicized on TV and in the movies. The first movie involving an alien abduction was the 1953 movie Invaders from Mars, and the Outer Limits television series presented numerous episodes involving alien abduction from 1961-1964.

With the above information you may believe that those reporting to have been abducted by aliens are highly imaginative people that have experienced sleep paralysis and later through hypnotism have been couched into recovering false memories of the experience.

The possibility always exists that some sleep paralysis experiences might have been misinterpreted by the individuals and reported them as alien reductions, particularly by suspectible people who have been reading books about aliens and UFOs. But what about those who have claimed to have been abducted during a waking state?

While there is no proof to support or dismiss the reports of alien abduction we would be pretty vain to believe that we are the only intelligent beings in the universe or for that matter the most discussed. This being said I still found some of the reported reductions a little hard to accept of a more discovered being. If I am studying a monkey I am pretty sure that I am not going to want to have sex with it.

Combat Hiatal Hernias With the Right Foods

A hiatal hernia is thought by health experts to be an anatomical abnormality. This abnormalcy causes portions of the stomach to force through the person's diaphragm and through the chest. This is one of the rarest kinds of hernias that an individual can have.

According to health research close to half of the individuals who suffer from these kinds of hernias will have no symptoms. The other half of people that do suffer from symptoms will feel heartburn more then anything. This can be a terrible symptom – which is able to be avoided if the person can eat the right foods that has the ability to help to control it.

The opening in the diaphragm where the esophagus is joined to the stomach is considered to be an added sphincter that is settled under the smaller region of the esophagus. In typical patients with no problems the hiatus as well as the lower sphincter of the esophageal will draw up beside each other. They work together to maintain the contents in the stomach from traveling back up the esophagus.

Yet, the hiatal hernia will break that connection and eventually will stimulate the acid reflux problems. Numerous individuals will confuse a hiatal hernia with GERD because both conditions can cause acid reflux.

Eating Tips

Do not eat anything two hours before you go to bed

Try to eat smaller meals more often through the day

After you eat sit up for around one hour

Do not bend over right after eating a meal

Stay away from alcohol

Stay away from foods that can stimulate acid reflux

It is right that there are many foods – which can stimulate the acid reflux. These need to be averted as best you can and exchanged with something better for your body. You should talk with your physicist to learn what foods are better to eat and what to avert. They will provide you with a complete list and assist you to make the best choice for your body.

The Most Common Causes Of Lower Back Pain

The Many Causes Of Lower Back Pain

This article is going to focus on the causes of lower back pain and what options you have in regards to curing it. Lower back pain is the result of a mixture of muscle tissue strain through excessive use, and injuries to the muscles, ligaments, as well as vertebrae which reinforces the backbone.

A lot of specialists believe with time muscle strain can result in a general imbalance within the backbone composition. This may lead to a continuing pressure around the muscle tissue, ligaments, bones, and vertebrae, making the spine much more vulnerable to damage or even more injury.

The causes of pain within the back, tend to feed into each other. As an example, following training muscle tissue, you may walk or move in other ways to prevent discomfort or to make use of muscles that are not tender. That may lead you to stress other muscles that do not generally move like that.

From the fifty six million Americans who've suffered from back pain, just five% require surgical treatment. Here is how you can save your own in order to find relief that actually works.

The most frequent causes of lower back pain are as follows:

  • Stress on neural roots within the spinal channel. Neural root compression may be bought on by: A herniated disc, frequently due to repetitive vibrations or motions (like driving a vehicle or playing sport, or when lifting the wrong way), or even by way of an unexpected weighty strain or elevated pressure on the back.
  • Osteo arthritis is the breaking down of the joints. Generally it affects us more the older we become. When osteo arthritis affects the little facet bones within the backbone, it can result in lower back pain. Osteo arthritis in other bones, including the hips, could cause one to limp or to alter the way you walk. This may additionally lead to lower back pain.
  • Spondylolysis, is when certain activities tasks allow the vertebrae to rub against each other.
  • Spinal stenosis , is another thing that comes with age and is where there is thinning of the spine.
  • Spine deformities , such as curvature difficulties like extreme scoliosis
  • Injuries or excessive use of muscle tissue, ligaments, and vertabrae.

Other spinal conditions that can cause lower back pain include

  • Bacterial infection . bacteria are often transported to the backbone with the blood stream from an infection elsewhere in your body or through Intravenous drug use. However bacteria may go into the backbone straight in the course of surgical procedures or injection treatments, or because of injury. Lower back pain could have the consequence of contamination within the bone fragments (osteomyelitis), within the spinal discs, or in the spinal-cord.
  • Spine tumors , or growths which develop around the bone fragments and ligaments in the backbone, on the spinal-cord, or even on neural roots.
  • Paget's condition , which causes irregular bone development typically impacting the hips, backbone, head, upper body, as well as thighs.
  • Unsuccessful back surgical treatment affliction , which usually implying that one is still having substantial signs and symptoms following surgical treatment.

Minidisc Recorders

There was a time when Minidisc Recorders were tipped for the top. The music industry was changing, and CDs needed a revamp. Over time, disks would get scratched and start to skip. In the early 90s the industry introduced the Minidisc. Whilst it boomed briefly, it was soon overtaken by the MP3 player and many feared the technology would become redundant. However, the uses soon changed and Minidisc Recorders became the solution to many users' storage and recording needs.

A benefit of minidiscs are that they are very small, meaning that the associated technology is also compact. Minidisc Recorders are significantly smaller than a DVD recorder and can be easily stored in the home or workplace. Players are sized to fit in the pocket and their lightweight build makes them less cumbersome than that of their predecessors, the personal CD player. The recording devices are popular among live music tapers, as they offer clear sound without the need for large amounts of equipment. Just a microphone and clear disc will suffice.

The discs are capable of re-recording almost endless times. The technology works similar to that of a computer hard disc which makes deleting and re-recording very simple. Tracks can be split and merged together with track marks. This is a handy function to utilize if the device is being used for transcribing speech or recording live music. Another function which makes minidisc recorders the choice recorder for many people's personal needs is gapless playback, where the listener is not interrupted with a gap or noise at the point where a track break has been inserted. These help when trying to identify and remember a certain point in the recording without necessarily having a physical break in the sound. Minidisc Recorders will usually automatically add a track mark at any point where there is 2 or more seconds of continuous silence.

The music industry is always evolving, and technology has to change at a fast pace to reflect this. Whilst the format of mainstream music is favoring the MP3 player, Minidiscs have found a niche market of consumers who need exactly what its technology offers to the market. Despite many changes over the last ten years which have led the market to the current selection of music recorders, the Minidisc has clung on to devoted users due to the many unique functions it has other players have failed to implement into their own technology.

Bipolar Thyroid Disease

There's a direct connection between thyroid disorder and bipolar symptoms – a bipolar thyroid disease if you will – but it has never been clearly determined what that connection is nor why the thyroid hormones can cause bipolar actions. Since hyperthyroidism mimics bipolar behavior, the symptoms for bipolar disorder and thyroid disease are similar.

Occidentally, medications for other health-related issues will interfere with thyroid function. Drugs like the beta blockers are a good example of this and they can cause a devastating domino effect on your overall health. While taking these medications, the thyroid action is misaligned and malfunctions by not producing the correct amount of hormone which can then cause symptoms of nervousness, fatigue, and irrational behavior. This behavior is often thought to be symptomatic of bipolar disorder and sometimes that is the case, however sometimes it's purely an underactive or overactive thyroid responding to the medications and thus result in a bipolar thyroid disorder. When correct testing of the thyroid is ignored and the patient is diagnosed as bipolar, the medications prescribed for bipolar often fail to work.

By treating the thyroid with natural herbal remedies and a diet related to the extreme of the malfunction, the bipolar actions often tend to disappear. The foremost natural treatment for the thyroid is the use of kelp or seaweed either as food form or supplements. The iodine content of this herbal substance will balance the hormone secretions. Seafood is also very beneficial to add to the diet because of the high iodine content. Once the thyroid is controlled, and this may be a lifelong dedication to diet, the bipolar activity may be reduced or even eliminated.

The Basics of TENS Units For Pain Management (Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation)

T.E.N.S. is an acronym for Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. They are small battery powered devices designed to relieve post-operative, acute, and chronic pain. They are about the size of an iPod. It is a safe non-invasive drug free method of pain management that can help decrease the need for pain medication and also supplement treatment being received for pain control. It is used for pain caused by peripheral nerves and not centrally derived pain. TENS Units are prescription only devices. Sometimes they have attachments that go on your pants or pockets so that they are easy to bring with you.

TENS units are often used along with additional non-operative treatments such as Physical Therapy, Physiotherapy, Pain Management, Chiropractic, Spinal Decompression, or Manipulation Under Anesthesia.

How Do They Work?

A TENS unit is a device that transmits small square electrical pulses to the electrodes, which transmit this electrical pulse to the underlying nerves. The fundamental components of a TENS unit are the electrodes, a highly advanced computer chip, and an electrical battery source. The small amount of electricity is transmitted through the computer component then to the electrodes, which transmits the electrical waveform through the skin to the underlying nerves.

The user can personalize the pulse frequency, which is the strength of the electrical current given to the electrode (this should be accomplished in conjunction with the prescribing provider).Typically the prescribing provider will show the patient how to use the device and show any advisable setting options.

What conditions are helped with Transcutaneous Units?

Neck Pain, Back Pain, Arthritis, Sciatica, headaches, Muscular Strains, TMJ Disorder, Radiculopathy, pain from herniated discs, mid back pain, upper back pain, tendonitis, Sports Injuries, bursitis,

TENS units will not cure a disease or pain problem. They are of no curative value. It is a symptomatic treatment which suppresses pain sensation.

Application of a TENS Unit

Electrodes are placed on or near the area of pain. Soothing pulses are sent via the electrodes through the skin and along the nerve fibers. The current travels through the electrodes and into the skin stimulating specific nerve pathways to produce a tingling or massaging sensation that reduces the perception of pain. The pulses suppress pain signals to the brain. TENS Machines also encourage the body to produce higher levels of its own pain killing chemicals called Endorphins.

How long does it take for a TENS Machine to start working to relieve my pain?

It takes approximately 30 minutes or less to feel the effects. Some people use their TENS unit throughout the day off and on. It’s not typically recommended to be used continuously. Rather best to use for a period of time (1-2 hours) then take off for a while.

What does a TENS Machine feel like when it’s turned on?

The device produces a tingling sensation but should not be painful.

Who Should Not Use a TENS Unit?

  • Persons using a CARDIAC PACEMAKER
  • Has any form of malignancy,
  • Various conditions where circulation is impaired.
  • Persons with a heart condition.
  • By someone with epilepsy
  • Around the head
  • With the electrodes placed on the neck near carotid
  • It may not be used transcerebrally across the head,
  • Not over the carotid sinus(where the jaw meets the neck), over metal implants or in conjunction with sleep apnea or heart monitors.

You should be aware that TENS units provide symptomatic therapy only and are not considered curative.

What are potential adverse effects with using TENS Units?

Users of TENS machines experience significant pain relief by and large. Some patients note that their skin is red where the electrodes are placed.

How can I obtain a TENS Unit?

One needs a prescription from a medical provider such as a chiropractor or an MD/DO for a TENS Machine. When you receive a TENS Unit, the machine will be set to optimally manage your pain condition and personal instructions will be given on its use. One should not attempt to change the settings without having undergone this instruction.

Electrodes are attached to the surface of the skin over or near the area where you are experiencing pain. It is important that you learn how to:

-Correctly put on the electrodes -Operate the Unit -Change the Batteries -Vary the controls and Settings -Set the proper duration and intensity of the stimulation

How well do they work?

For some chronic and acute pain patients, a TENS machine provides pain relief that can last for several hours. For others, a TENS Unit may help reduce the amount of pain medication needed.

Research on TENS

Few quality research studies have been done on the use of TENS for pain relief. With regards to the literature that does exist, it’s controversial. Anecdotally however, patients often rave about the pain relief felt. In conjunction with physical therapy, chiropractic treatments, or pain management treatments, the results tend to be good to excellent. They also work well in the post-operative setting.


Despite the lack of hard scientific data backing up TENS unit efficacy, they are mainstream for pain control and extremely safe. Ask your doctor if a TENS will help your condition.

How To Use Lavender Essential Oil As Remedy For Different Health Problems

The essential oil of lavender is extracted from the flowers of the lavender plant usually through steam distillation. The flowers are quite fragrant and are widely used in making perfumes and air fresheners among other products. When it comes to aromatherapy, the oil can be beneficial to a great extent. You can use the oil easily to get relief from a number of health problems. The best thing about the oil is that it can be combined with other essential oils to maximize the results got.


For acne related problems, add a few drops of the oil to plain cream and then use it as a cleanser or moisturizer. The essential oil inhibits bacteria responsible for skin infections like acne and it also balances sebum secret where the bacteria thrive. The oil is also great in decreasing acne scarring.

Aching muscles

To help tie aching muscles that could result from an intestinal workout or intensive working through the day, add a few oils drop together with a bath salt and then soak immediately to soothe the pains and aches. A lavender oil bath is also a great way of calming the body and relaxing the mind.

Cuts and wounds

The oil can be applied directly onto the wounds and cuts to soothe away the pain. The essential oil of lavender is also very good in preventing bacterial infections and aid healing that is scar free. You can apply the oil neat, meaning in its pure form without diluting.

Minor burns

The immediate thing to do when you get a burn is to run cold water on it to stop further skin damage. After cooling the burnt area, then you can probably apply the lavender oil to get immediate pain relief. The oil is also a great remedy for burns because it hastens healing and reduces scarring.


Lavender essential oil helps in relieving an earache. You can warm your oil bottle in hot water for just a minute and then massage the warm oil around your throat area and around the ears. If using on children, then mix with a little amount of olive oil before massaging it.


The oil is soothing and refreshing and there is easily helps in getting rid of headaches. You can make a compress using the oil and cold water to enjoy relief. Soak muslin cloth in cold water and then sprinkle a few drops of the oil then hold it on your forehead. Alternately, you can massage the oil onto the temples, neck nape and the forehead for quick pain relief.


Lavender essential oil induces sleep and there before it can be helpful to individuals who suffer from insomnia. A few drops of the oil can be sprinkled on the pillow for the effects to be enjoyed as you lay down. You can also use a diffuser near the bed to enjoy the same effects. It is a simple way of enjoying quality sleep.

There are so many health problems that lavender essential oil can help. All you need to do is buy high quality oil and know the best way of using it to treat the symptoms you are suffering from.

Bad Breath in Children – A Warning Sign of Tonsillitis

Having a bad breath, either naturally or strangely, is a prevalent problem. It does not only affect middle-aged adults and the elderly but also children as well. You may be speculating on the root causes of this problem in children. In fact, it can be a warning sign of an existing medical ailment such as tonsillitis.

A foul-smelling breath in children can be associated with tonsillitis or inflammation of the tonsils. One of its contributing factors includes excess sweet-food intake without proper mouth hygiene and care. In addition, this ailment promotes excruciating painful experience in children. Because of this, they have difficulty in swallowing especially during meal times and therefore compromising their nutritional intakes. Since their bodies try to fight against the attacking bacteria, they usually manifest warm body temperatures and muscle weaknesses. Consequently, they can not perform appropriate remedies to alleviate their conditions like proper oral hygiene and care. Older people should provide them assistance in doing these helpful activities.

Aside from these symptoms, they also acquire pus-like or terrible breath odor because of the accumulation of bacteria in the tonsils. To absolutely get rid of the awful breath smell, the root cause should be treated first. It is very essential for them to temporarily avoid eating a lot of sweet foods. Ideally, systematic brushing of the teeth and tongue is indeed very useful in the treatment process. Since some children are incapable of it, they should be facilitated by an older member to ensure that this activity is properly done. Moreover, frequent gargling of slightly warm water with a little salt in it is also helpful in curing tonsillitis. Children should never swallow the gargled solution since it already contains a lot of mouth germs.

In worst cases, if this ailment did not lessen and the smelly breath worsened, children should be brought to a medical health provider to prevent further bodily damages. One of the most serious complications is "hay fever" or "rheumatic fever" which eventually progresses to serious heart problems if not promptly treated. The physician usually prescribes antibiotic medications for sever cases of tonsillitis to pass up the terrifying complication.