Descriptive Language in Charles Dickens’s Dombey and Son

Dombey and Son is a novel rich in descriptive detail, with both the exteriors and interiors in which its many characters feature being vividly realized. However it is arguable that such detail isn’t intended to be merely decorative but instead perform a range of elaborate functions within the vast and intricately plotted story.

The Dombey residence is situated “on the shady side of a tall, dark, dreadfully genteel street” (p.23). It is a large corner house whose interiors are depicted with an overriding sense of bleakness – the words “dark”, “dismal” and “grim” abound – creating an atmosphere that borders on the funereal. The fact that Mr. Dombey appears unable to separate familial matters from his business affairs is evinced in the title of the third chapter, where the father is described as being “at the head of the home-department”, and “the various members of Mr. Dombey’s household subsided into their several places in the domestic system” (p.23). This particular detail subtly highlights another aspect of the Dombey abode, in that it vaguely resembles a prison, with his son’s nurse Polly Toodle (or ‘Richards’ as Mr. Dombey has arbitrarily renamed her) being “established upstairs in a state of honourable captivity” (p.23).

It is clear from the outset that Mr. Dombey only views people as commodities, a facet of his personality which ultimately proves to be his downfall. The small selection of rooms that Polly’s employer has allocated for his own private purposes is significant to the story, particularly the glass conservatory or ‘chamber’, where he summons the nurse to “walk to and fro with her young charge” (p.24). Glass performs an important metaphorical function within the narrative. It has been noted that a particularly common use for the large expanses of glass whose manufacture only became possible towards the middle of the nineteenth century was the display of goods in shop windows. Mr. Dombey would appear to be regarding his son in such a manner, his interests in the boy solely motivated by his plans for him in his firm.

Dickens makes use of the ‘pathetic fallacy’ by depicting inanimate objects as distinctly anthropomorphized. This can be compared with the portrayal of certain characters in a dehumanized form. For example, when Polly glimpses Mr. Dombey watching her with his son through the glass, the narrative is focalized through her, and seen from this perspective her employer is described in relation to “the dark heavy furniture” (p.25) he occupies as opposed to any physical description of him. Such an approach also occurs in Mr. Dombey’s daughter Florence’s conception of him – to her he appears merely a collection of parts: “The child glanced keenly at the blue coat and stiff white cravat, which, with a pair of creaking boots and a very loud ticking watch, embodied her idea of a father” (p.3). By way of contrast, the descriptions of the Dombey house delineate its facade as if it were a human face always “lowering on the street” (p.337), containing cellars which are “frowned upon by barred windows, and leered at by crooked-eyed doors” (p.23). Such details are not limited to the building’s exterior either as each of the covered chandeliers is said to look like a “monstrous tear depending from the ceiling’s eye” (p.24) – it is as if the house itself were visibly weeping on account of Mr. Dombey’s lack of grief at his recently deceased wife. This particular technique serves to enhance the portrayal of Mr. Dombey becoming a commodity himself through the ceaseless reification of his own surroundings.

Some have contended that the kernel of Dombey and Son is Florence’s quest for her father’s love. As a character, Mr. Dombey’s daughter is essentially non-realist, possessing qualities typical of heroines from eighteenth century sentimental writing, such as innocence and kindness. However melodrama isn’t the only convention the narrative invokes when chronicling Florence’s attempts to affiliate herself into her father’s affections, as the Gothic is also evident in these scenes: “the dreary midnight tolled out from the steeples”, as well as the “dropping of the rain”, “moaning of the wind”, “shuddering of the trees” (p.270). However any feelings of ‘terror’ on Florence’s part are quashed by one overriding emotion: love, and it is this that drives her down to “making her nightly pilgrimage to his door” (p.270). The glass that had appeared to separate Mr. Dombey from his son’s nurse is apparent here also, “The rain dripped heavily on the glass panes in the outer room” (p.271). The repetition of the phrase “Let him remember it in that room, years to come” (p.272) much later on when the adult Florence returns to her father when his second wife has left him and his business faces bankruptcy, is effective in linking these two scenes. Florence finally succeeds in gaining her father’s love and saving him from the house which appears to be consuming him: “The great house, dumb as to all that had suffered in it… stood frowning like a dark mute on the street” (p.892).

Descriptive language in Dombey and Son forms a vital function within the story. We are able to see that through the implementation of several techniques, such as ‘symbolism’, ‘metaphor’ and ‘comparison’, and the invoking of other literary conventions – such as Melodrama and the Gothic – into its essentially realist construction, as well as the adoption of literary strategies, such as the ‘pathetic fallacy’, Dickens’s descriptions serve many functions within his narrative, making considerable enhancements to his portrayal of characters and development of plot, ultimately enriching the overall effect of his novel.

"Psychological Disorders" – Just Maladaptive Qualities of Intense Myers Briggs Personality Types?

Before we begin, let’s do an exaggerated analogy to our world. In a warrior society, a kind person who is a Buddhist (with good serotonin/dopamine production in his brain) would be diagnosed by warrior psychologists to suffer from “cowardice syndrome” and perhaps treated with liquor. Similarly in a kindly harmonious Buddhist society, an aggressive warrior would be diagnosed as having some sort of anti-social disorder and treated with whatever the monk psychiatrists deem proper.

In Myers Briggs personality typology descriptions, one can filter the most adaptive and maladaptive characteristics of each type. Assuming the type we’re looking at is an acute one (say an ESTP with each letter being 60 or above), the so called “positives” and “negatives” can be extracted quickly. It then becomes very intuitively logical to think that some MBTI types are more likely to have some psychological “disorders” than others based on their default modes of being. All one has to do is match the descriptions of psych disorders with descriptions of MBTI types when they are not at their best and can’t deal (say a stressed out low income and low education INFP in a country where ESTJs dominate culturally and expect everybody to be like them).

The reason why I put psych “disorders” into quote marks is that as hinted above, these maladaptive “conditions” appear to be (for the most part) physiological traits of different breeds of homo sapien when they are driven to the neurotic breaking point by social conditions. Negative psychology still dominates and only classifies conditions when they become the most apparent and severe. Usually that involves a certain breed of human being on a lower end of the socioeconomic scale who is compelled to seek help to continue functioning. The counterproductive nature of negative psychology (versus the emerging field of positive psychology) has been doing harm for over a century now.

In other words,

1) The dominant culture/socioeconomic system of a country is often closely correlated to a few dominant Myers Briggs types (extroverted Ts usually)

2) Breeds that physiologically differ from the herd’s ruling breeds are compelled to participate in a socioeconomic system (run by the rulers) that is incompatible with them

3) If people who are incompatible with their system are wealthy and connected, they have more coping mechanisms to deal with stressors and avoid/lessen activation of their MBTI type’s “negative” neurotic qualities

4) Those breeds likely to seek help (and have their condition classified and codified as science) have had the positive qualities of their MBTI type suppressed and negative ones exaggerated by the neurosis causing social stressors. They are likely to be from the poorer less educated end of the proletariat class and thus have more on their plates daily while not being able to verbalize whats ailing them as well. Even if they are from the arrogant proletariat faction that fancies itself as “middle class”, they are still likely to be misinformed about the fundamental structural nature of their neurosis and defer to the so called experts within the corporation dominated field of negative psychology.

5) All of this is exacerbated when the economic pie is shrinking instead of expanding (this means a reversal of industrialization rather than constant material renewal of an industrialized country)

Let’s start the journey towards matching what Myers-Briggs breeds are more likely to get a certain “disorder” classification for one of their more extreme members. As a baseline, the MBTI types to be matched are acute ones (60 or more on each letter). Some disorders may require only one function to be abnormally (statistically) high such as 100 F. Therefore, not all acute MBTI types would necessary match disorder descriptions but those acute MBTI types within the already acute pool of their brethren. This is an incomplete and imperfect list that will be upgraded as the time goes on. It is to serve as a starting point for discussion.

Autism Spectrum

More likely among ISTPs -The high Sensing function of close to 100 seems key as the nerves leading to the eyeballs are thicker than in most people. Temple Grandin, an autistic woman, explained wonderfully in her TED speech that she “thinks” in images rather than symbolically. She humorously mentions that the introverted scientists/inventors/technicians in the audience are probably touching the boundary of autism in some cases and that helps them in their detail specific work. The high Introversion explains the super low interpersonal communication skills and avoidance of social situations that are energy draining for the autistic.

The high T and emotionlessness explains the lack of close attachment to objects within the world during those rare times when the autistic person does decide to engage with the world (a blip of extroversion). The high P contributes to paralysis of action and super sensory overload. The brain is probably overcloked with video/audio inputs without a biological way to pleasingly utilize the data. The overall result is a person acting very much like somebody on dissociative drugs (capable of being closest to perfect robotic objective perception of the world without emotion clouding it).

Mood Disorders – Depressive and Bipolar (For emotional roller coasters to happen in the first place, one needs a super strong F function (again 90-100 range) to feel the extreme highs as well as the extreme lows. Other functions determine the specific mood disorder at work.)


More likely among ISFJs and ESFJs – Our current ENTJ/ENTP dominated society is very unfriendly to the self sacrificing SFJs. Rapid technological and cultural change, atomization of society and family by free market, and the dog eat dog interpersonal interactions are the most likely to have greatest negative impact on SFJs. Their helpfulness is not rewarded but ridiculed and duty bound SFJs are less likely to relax and party like their FP counterparts. Strong S makes them focus on their constant lack of affirmation by others in the here and now while the J contributes to an inflexible and emotionally charged moralistic system that is constantly seen by the S as being violated. Strong J also anchors the person in a depressed brooding mood with fewer interruptions into happier more elevated mode (see below).


More likely among the ENFPs and ESFPs – Considering the manic extroverted phase of a bipolar person, the high E appears key contributoralongside the very high F. The high P contributes to rapid switching of moods and their uncontrollability (contrasted to long continuous brooding on a certain emotional plane by a strong J). The extroverted FP goes towards the world full of energy and inspiration but gets shot down by the cynical social environment. Acute sensitivity to criticism and a strong P to observe how such criticism is warranted from many angles creates a severe emotional collapse and withdrawal into depressive phase. The constant emotional switching adds to mental confusion and sense of lack of control. These are the people who love to party and are all over the place but face severe crashes when encountering an environmental obstacle. Extroversion must be maintained and not bottled up unhealthily.


More likely among ENFPs, ESFPs, ENTPs, and ESTPs – Key appears to be constant switching of perceptive angles by a P over 60 and a strong extroversion that makes the person go towards the world and feel dulled when that desire is frustrated. Also appears to be just a common childhood exploration phase of toddlers and children of most MBTI types.

Schizoid Personality

More likely among ISTJs, INTJs and possibly INTPs – Schizoids are marked by social isolation, emotional coldness, and indifference to others. Very impaired social functioning, extreme loneliness, and grandiose visions of extroversion. The above characteristics are obviously caused by same strong I and T as in the autistic but the schizoids are not totally overburdened with a sensory overload. This allows them to be creative at times. Political Ponerology makes an interesting case that Schizoids (due to them spending lots of time alone looking at the fast moving world with often vengeful fantasies) write the literature and constructs that inspires subclinical and clinical psychopaths.


More likely among ENTJs, ENTPs – These are human herd’s natural predators and feast on it if they get into power instead of improving it. The essential elements are a maximum high T of 100 for clinical psychopaths and a T over 60 for subclinical ones (the milder ones who have a foot in both the human world and the predatory world and who make natural politicians). This makes sure there is no emotional empathy for fellow homo sapien. They literally cannot feel the way others feel and this makes most people seem irrational and weak to them. The closest they have to emotion (that they confuse the concept with) is sexual arousal and aggression. The strong E makes them go towards the world and socialize intensely with their prey while the strong N intuition allows them to rapidly learn how to mimic their prey (smile, know what words with emotional meaning to say, etc).

There is debate in literature about whether the psychopaths cluster on J (left brain) or P(right brain) side or whether it’s but a continuum of psychopathy. Most likely it’s a continuum with different specialization of labor among predators. They share all the same characteristics except for ENTJ being mindlessly goal driven regardless the human cost (the bully) whereas the ENTP is disorganized but better able to emulate/get along with different humans and creatively exploit that ability (the Con Artist). Their lack of emotional intelligence and desire for exploitative shortcuts makes them poor technocrats, manual laborers, and high tech specialists. The subclinical ones could be steered in the right direction and made productive members of the community. They have additional “disorder” characterizations of hypomania and narcissism.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder

More likely among INTPs and INFPs – The key element seems to be a super high P that can create an overflow of perceptive data creating a pseudo-hallucination effect. An N of 100 and a P of 100 can easily create conspiracy theories that aren’t there.

Borderline Personality Disorder

More likely among ESTPs – These very bored emotionless people (high P and T) live on the edge and thus make good soldiers or criminals. They don’t have the intuition to be psychopaths and don’t interact with too many diverse people as often since they wont get along. A super high E is key and makes them seek pursue entertainment in the here and now (S) that would be overwhelming to most.

This brings to a close the brainstorming secession. Once again, the article doesn’t imply that each Myers Briggs type matches a cluster of descriptions that are labeled as a specific disorder. It does imply that among intense MBTI types, there exist even more intense minority within them whose behavior (if stressed/guided enough by society) matches certain disorder descriptions more often than others. There are certainly overlaps that I failed to mention along with some types that were excluded (for now) such as ESTJ, INFJ, ISFP, and ENFJ. You can take a Myers Briggs test online (try picking a good detailed one) and see where you fall yourself.

How To Maximize Your Band Score in IELTS Speaking Module

Many IELTS test takers are often dissatisfied with their performance in IELTS speaking module. There can be many reasons behind this. It is very disappointing when you have to come out of the IELTS interviewer’s cabin with a long face in spite of working hard day and night to strengthen your grip over English language. However, you don’t have to take this unfortunate issue to your heart. You can easily get through your IELTS speaking test with a little more effort and by taking the following points into your considerations.

1. How to present yourself:

Always remember the golden rule “First impression is the last impression”. There is hardly anyone who does not know the significance of this expression. However, some test takers often overlook this simple thought. Suppose you are just about to enter the interviewer’s room or cabin, do not rush inside straight away. Firstly, gently knock at the door and politely seek the permission to go inside by saying, “Excuse me, sir/madam. May I come in? “. This is the most polite way of disturbing the examiner who might be busy in evaluating the speaking performance of the previous candidate. Once you are granted the permission, enter the room/cabin without leaving the door ajar. Secondly, when you approach the interviewer, wish the examiner with a smile on your face. You must stand right in front of the interviewer’s desk rather than either side of him/her, and you must not sit unless you are asked to take your seat by the examiner. Once you are asked to sit do not forget to give a prompt reply, “Thank you sir/madam.”

Similarly, there are also many other factors that you should take into your account while sitting in front of the interviewer. For example, sitting posture, you must not rest your arms on desk, because it is mainly for the examiner’s purposes. You should also make sure that you are sitting with your straight back and not leaning against the table.

The next important think that can make your speaking more interactive and natural is your facial expressions. Do not allow to float any sign of nervousness on your face or show a lack of confidence in you. These pessimistic expressions can have a negative impact on your interviewer, which will ultimately affect your overall band score in speaking module. Instead, be confident, positive and be prompt in your reply. Never show your unwillingness even if you are not thoroughly prepared for the test. The moment you start showing your reluctance, the examiner will tend to wind up the speaking test as soon as possible.

Body language is another but very important aspect to be considered. It matters a lot and enhances the way you present yourself. While giving response to the interviewer’s questions, try using some gestures too. The use of body language is very useful as it makes you go on speaking especially when you get stuck while speaking. In addition, this will boost up your confidence, and at the same time prevent you from making unnecessary pauses.

2. Maintain your Fluency and Coherency:

What is fluency? There is a wrong perception among test takers that fluency means to speak very fast. This is not true. You should rather speak at your own comfortable pace, but make sure you speak neither too slow nor too fast. Producing unwanted sounds, stammering or stuttering and making long pauses can hamper your fluency. Coherency is another yet one of the most important aspects. This means that whatever you speak should be well-connected and flow in a natural and sensible way. Always remember that simply beating about the bush will never ever earn you the desirable band score in speaking.

3. Keep the Standard of English:

You must have an impressive command of the English language. If not, you must start making preparations for this speaking module at least a few months before. If you often make grammatical errors while speaking, you ought to revise the fundamental rules of English Grammar. Avoid making errors pertaining tenses, voice, modals, and narrations. Making silly errors especially in these areas can have a negative impact on your assessor. In order to make your speaking more effective, you can add good vocabulary words. Appropriate use of some idioms and phrasal verbs with full flexibility and precision in all topics can create good impression on your interviewer. However, you must avoid using bombastic words if you are not fully confident about how to use them.

4. Pronunciation:

Pronouncing the words correctly has always been a herculean task for most of the non-native speakers unless they have profound knowledge of phonetics and semantics. Many test takers belonging to non-English speaking countries often try to imitate like native speakers when it comes to speaking English. However, some of them simply prove to be a show-off in the real IELTS speaking test. Therefore, be neutral while speaking and make sure your mother tongue does not influence the way you speak English.

5. Final Points:

You might take a sigh of great relief when the interviews winds up the final part of the speaking module by saying, “That is the end of your speaking test. Wish you all the best for your future.” However, hearing these words, you must give a prompt reply by saying, “Thank you so much. I really enjoyed Talking with you.” These words will definitely reflect that you have not lost your interest during your speaking test. What is more, you must not express your band requirement to the examiner or start narrating the difficulties you encountered during the test. Always remember that the interviewer has not prepared your final evaluation report as yet. So, once the test is over, the only thing left for you to do is to leave the room in a quiet and relaxed way.

I hope the above mentioned points will certain prove fruitful and optimize your speaking proficiency in English.

Wish you all the best!

Purchase Z-Pack Online

Learn what to look for when you buy Z-pack antibiotics and how to protect yourself if you buy antibiotics online.  Zithromax is used to treat many different types of bacterial infections, such as bronchitis, pneumonia, tonsillitis, skin infections, ear infections, and sexually transmitted diseases. has become the new easy way to get your Z-pack antibiotics without prior prescription. online pharmacy is becoming an easy way for individuals looking to avoid having to visit the pharmacy. For convenience, some individual prefer to buy Zithromax prescription medication online. When you visit you can be assured that you are browsing one of the most trusted and respected online pharmacies today. With a team of US licensed doctors to issue you a free prescription with your antibiotics order, and US licensed pharmacies to ship FDA approved medication directly to your doorstep. All medications are the same FDA approved products available at your local pharmacy store, only without all the hassles. Once your order is approved, your Zithromax Z-pack antibiotics order will be shipped overnight, directly to your doorstep, in discreet unmarked packaging. Many people are now switching to this convenient service to buy antibiotics online.

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Sinus Toothache and Dental Toothache – How to Tell the Difference

It is difficult to tell whether a toothache in the upper jaw comes from a sinus infection or from a dental problem.


Because many of their symptoms overlap:

  1. The roots of the upper back molars extend into the maxillary sinus cavities. This means that when the maxillary sinuses are infected, the increased pressure caused by trapped mucous, pushes down on the roots thereby displacing them slightly. This causes the upper jaw to ache, followed by a throbbing toothache. Other symptoms of maxillary sinus infection are facial tenderness and swelling in the cheek area. This particular pain is not dental related.
  2. On the other hand, if the toothache is caused by tooth decay or other dental problems, ‘referred’ pain will extend up the U shaped root cavity (called the alveolar), into the maxillary sinus. This will also cause facial tenderness and swelling in the cheek area.

It is also worth mentioning that the maxillary sinuses are the most commonly infected sinuses. This is because drainage from these cavities is not assisted by gravity.

In other words, drainage is difficult because the lowest pockets of these cavities where mucus tends to accumulate, are below nostril level during waking hours. Mucous must therefore travel upwards while the body is erect.

Since sinus infection is commonly caused by bacteria multiplying in pockets of stagnant mucous, sinusitis induced toothache is a relatively common complaint.

How to tell the difference

  • Sinus toothache usually accompanies sinus infection in the maxillary sinuses.
  • Sinus toothache occurs when pressure build-up from maxillary sinus infection presses down on the exposed roots of the upper back molars. Even experienced dentists sometime have difficulty in differentiating between sinus toothache and dental toothache.

Apart from a throbbing toothache, symptoms of sinus toothache include:

  1. Facial swelling.
  2. Swollen gums.
  3. Facial tenderness in the cheek area.
  4. Fever.
  5. Sinus headache.
  6. General feeling of malaise.
  7. Prolific nasal discharge and/or postnasal drip.

Dental Toothache:

  • Dental toothache is caused by tooth or gum disease and can be identified by the absence of sinus infection.
  • Dental toothache can affect any of your teeth, both in the upper and lower jaw. If toothache occurs in the lower set of teeth, it is almost certainly caused by one or more dental problem.
  • Dental toothache symptoms include:
    • *Facial swelling
    • *Swollen gums
    • *Facial tenderness

Can Dental Disease Cause Sinusitis?

If the rear upper molars become infected, the answer is yes. As mentioned above, the Maxillary sinuses and the mouth (oral cavity) are connected by a U shaped opening called the alveolar. This cavity is occupied by the roots of the upper back molars.

If you suffer from periodontal disease (gingivitis) or develop an abscess below the gum line, bacteria will tend to migrate up the alveolar and invade the maxillary sinuses, thereby causing sinus infection.

Quiet Discoveries Lead to Fast Sinus Relief

It’s amazing what you can find when you start your search a little outside the bulls eye. While clicking through Magnetic Resonance Imaging research online, my colleagues and I found some intriguing scientific studies completely by accident!

What did we find? Well, let’s just say if you’ve got a stuffy nose you should try magnets before sniffling through that bottle of nasal spray!

Did you know that every year, more than 35 million Americans suffer from sinusitis? It’s one of the leading chronic diseases in the United States [1]. And it’s no wonder, as bacteria, viruses, cigarette smoke, and allergens like pollen, mold, dust mite feces and pet dander are all common causes of this condition [2]. Unless you live in a bubble, there’s really no escaping these tiny antagonists.

The sinuses are actually four pairs of hollow spaces in the bones of the face. Connected to the nose, air is allowed to flow in and out of these spaces. To help warm and filter the air, each sinus is lined with a mucous-producing membrane, called the mucosa [3].

Acute sinusitis occurs when the mucosa is irritated and inflamed. The small openings from the nose to the sinus cavities become congested (or even completely blocked), causing the facial pain and pressure most of us have experienced at some point in time. Mucus production is often increased as well, adding to the pressure, and causing that annoying runny nose symptom [3].

Many people turn to preventive methods like HEPA air filters, or frequent cleaning of carpets and bed sheets to reduce household allergens [4]. Decongestants, saline nasal sprays, and vaporizers are commonly used to treat the symptoms–but as you and I know, they take time to work.

This is where those studies come in. There’s an interesting, but little known fact about the sinuses: they are magnetically sensitive.

Based on our own research and experiences with clients and health practitioners over the years, we’ve observed that sinus congestion is dramatically improved or completely relieved with the application of magnetic therapy. In fact, taking about 20-30 minutes on average, it’s one of the conditions that biomagnetics alleviates quickest.

Until recently, though, we didn’t have much research to back these findings (other than our own records). But, while sifting through online abstracts from MRI research, I happened to stumble upon this:

Dating back to 1983, a study was conducted to assess the influence of magnetic fields on the physiology and behavior of biological organisms, and to search for possible magnetic sources within the organisms themselves.

It was found that a wide range of life forms could detect and orient to magnetic fields. (Like having a built-in compass.) Results showed magnetic orientation by bacteria was due to the presence of particles of magnetite (ferric/ferrous oxide) within the organisms.

The same magnetic material was also found in bees, homing pigeons, dolphins and other organisms–including humans. More specifically, the researchers found that “the bones of the sphenoid/ethmoid sinus complex of humans are magnetic and contain deposits of ferric iron”. (The sphenoid/ethmoid sinuses are located between the eyes and progress inward towards the back of the head [3].)

Refining our search, we were able to uncover other MRI studies confirming this finding. Here’s a brief timeline of what was found:

1986 – “Magnetic Resonance Imaging [using a 1.5 Tesla (15,000 Gauss) magnet and a spin echo technique] has revealed a remarkably intense signal from abnormal tissue in the human paranasal sinuses. Inflammatory disease in the maxillary, sphenoid, ethmoid, and frontal sinuses has been detected and demonstrated with greater clarity than any other available technique.”

1990 – A study conducted at the UCLA School of Medicine tested conditions affected by MRI field strength. Results illustrated that “magnetic susceptibility artifacts are prevalent on the boundary of air-containing paranasal sinuses”.

1995 – Research at Uppsala University in Sweden discovered that “large, local magnetic field variations up to 3 parts per million were found in the human brain near interfaces between air or bone and brain tissues”.

2002 – An Ohio State University study compared differences in magnetic field susceptibility at tissue interfaces in the human head. “Considerable magnetic field inhomogeneities were observed in the inferior frontal lobes and inferior temporal lobes, particularly near the sphenoid sinus and the temporal bones.”

These four independent studies all relate to the notion that human sinuses are magnetically sensitive. When compared to other regions of the head, more intense magnetic field readings are seen, and conditions of inflammation are more easily observed.

So how does this lead to sinusitis relief?

Magnetic therapy is proven to be effective in reducing inflammation, a primary symptom of sinusitis. By reducing inflammation of the mucosa, mucous blockages can be drained and the sinus cavities reopened. This, allows you to breathe freely again, while eliminating the facial pain caused by pressure build-up.

When applied properly, magnetic therapy products can relieve sinus congestion in as little as 15 minutes. That’s faster than any decongestant or vaporizer, lasts longer than most nasal sprays, and is completely free of any side effects (like dryness or burning). Not to mention, you won’t need to worry about buying refills or possible addiction to certain nasal decongestants.

What Therion products work best to help relieve sinusitis?

The Eye & Sinus Mask is designed specifically for relief of your sinus congestion. Inside it has 28 neodymium magnets covering areas around your eyes, forehead and upper cheeks. (The magnetic field has an effective penetration depth up to 2.5 inches.) You can expect sinus and headache relief within 15-25 minutes of wearing it.

For even faster relief plus more restful sleep, Therion ‘s magnetic dual contour pillow is the perfect choice. The visco elastic (memory) foam is soft and comfortable, but also supportive. You’ll actually feel it adjusting and conforming to the shape of your head and neck. It’s ideal to use as a regular sleeping pillow, as the magnetic field reaches the pineal gland. This is a magnetically sensitive area in the brain that functions to induce sleep by secreting melatonin. (See the article “Having Trouble Sleeping” found in the Learning Center at

So before you open that box of ‘non-drowsy’ decongestants or reach for the nasal spray on your nightstand, give magnetic therapy a try. If it’s fast acting with no side effects, and never needs a refill, what do you have to lose?

See you soon at


1 – Sinus News: Sinus Pressure

2 – Sinus News: Sinus Facts Overview

3 – The Sinus Treatment Center

4 – The Allergy Relief Center

1983 — PubMed: Magnetic bones in human sinuses.

1986 — PubMed: High-field magnetic resonance imaging of paranasal sinus inflammatory disease.

1990 — PubMed: Effect of field strength on susceptibility artifacts in magnetic resonance imaging.

1995 — PubMed: Measurements of magnetic field variations in the human brain using a 3D-FT multiple gradient echo technique.

2002 — PubMed: Three-dimensional numerical simulations of susceptibility-induced magnetic field inhomogeneities in the human head.

Diabetes Mellitus – Causes and Treatment Options

Diabetes mellitus – who hasn’t heard of it? Indeed, diabetes mellitus (DM) seems to be a universal language for high blood sugar.

Millions of people are diagnosed with diabetes mellitus, a fact that is indeed getting a lot of attention from health care experts all over the world. The complications of diabetes mellitus can, after all, cause serious health problems leading to death.

The General Classifications

Diabetes mellitus are generally of three types:

type 1 diabetes which is insulin-dependent or juvenile onset
type 2 diabetes which is non-insulin-dependent or adult onset
gestational diabetes which occurs during pregnancy

The Signs and Symptoms

Knowing the tell-tale signs of diabetes mellitus is important in order to be diagnosed and treated early. For type 1 and type 2 diabetes, the presenting signs and symptoms are basically the same:

increased urination
increased thirst
weight loss
feelings of hunger
blurred vision

For gestational diabetes, though, it may be difficult to conclude because all these signs and symptoms can be easily mistaken as pregnancy-related. The best thing to find out is to undergo an oral glucose tolerance test — this is the most definitive test for gestational diabetes It’s usually conducted on the fifth month of pregnancy.

The Treatment Options

The treatment options for diabetes mellitus include eating the right diet, engaging in regular exercises, and medications. In milder cases of diabetes mellitus, eating the right foods and engaging in exercises are enough to keep the blood sugar levels down, but in more serious cases, diabetic medications have to be administered.

The right diet for diabetics includes starches in the form of whole grains, bread, cereals; fresh fruits and vegetables, some meat products, and just a little of fat and sweets. How much you need to eat of these, though, may depend on your body weight and other needs. It’s always best to consult a dietician to program a diabetic meal that is just right for you.

Exercise should be made part of any diabetic treatment plan. Exercise helps you to lose weight and keeps you generally healthy.

Type 1 diabetics most likely need insulin therapy, but type 2 diabetics may be able to manage their diabetes with oral medications. Insulin needs to be injected into the body, the reason why a lot of diabetics frown on the idea of insulin therapy. Insulin may be rapid-acting, intermediate-acting or long-acting.

Diabetic Emergencies and Complications

Managing diabetes mellitus is extremely important in order to prevent complications such as:

atherosclerotic heart disease
myocardial infarction
peripheral vascular disease
cerebrovascular disease
renal artery stenosis
diabetic retinopathy
diabetic nephropathy
peripheral neuropathy

At the same time, you may also want to prevent the likelihood of medical emergencies such as:

diabetic ketoacidosis which can cause coma and eventually death. Intensive care is essential
nonketotic hyperglycemic-hyperosmolar coma

Responsibilities of a Diabetic

As a diabetic you also need to do your share in the treatment, that means:

making regular visits to your diabetologist
constant monitoring of your blood sugar levels
observing yourself for anything that indicates an increase in your blood sugar levels and reporting the matter to your doctor
eating the right diet
doing daily or regular exercises
strictly taking your medications

With these tips, you should be able to cope well with diabetes mellitus.

Vaginal Dryness & Healthy Genital Tips – Stop Dry Vagina Pain During Sex

Is your vagina dry and you do not know what has caused the vaginal dryness? First, let us make it clear that it is not a life threatening condition. However, I cannot say it will not cause discomfort and depending on different times, painful too.

The condition is treatable, but only if you seek treatment. Because of the area affected women tend to shy away due to embarrassment. Whether your vagina is dry or too wet, it is not something to blush over. If dryness becomes an issue causing friction or pain for you or your partner then you need help. Being a woman I understand how embarrassing it is having a doctor fiddle with your bits, but without help then your relationship can suffer considerably. Do not be selfish to yourself, or man, all because your cheeks redden easily, whatever the problem get it sorted.

When it comes to looking after the vagina take a leaf out of a mans’ book. The vagina is sacred so treat it as such, MEN DO” why not you?

Dry Vagina

Although dryness is known in lots of cases for causing vaginal itch and burning/stinging around the vaginal opening and in the lower third of the vagina, it is the pain that might occur during sexual intercourse that women find most stressful.

Causes of vaginal dryness may include:








Douches -Tampons – Condoms

Dryness is a direct result of lower estrogen levels that is a common occurrence during and after menopause. When estrogen levels reduce, vaginal tissue thins becoming less elastic, drier and weaker. Nonetheless, inadequate vaginal lubrication can occur in women at any age. It is also a characteristic sign of vaginal atrophy (atrophic vaginitis) – thinning and inflammation of the vaginal walls due to a reduction in estrogen.

For women who deny their man sex to avoid painful intercourse did you know there are vaginal lubricants that help make sex happen without discomfort (Certain lubricants consist of clear fluid that seeps through the walls of the blood vessels surrounding the vagina).

When a woman is sexually aroused, more blood flows to the pelvic organs producing more fluid. But the hormonal changes of menopause, having a baby and breast-feeding can hamper the process and prevent the action.

A decrease in estrogen levels can be the outcome of:



Sudden effort – Exertion

Menstruation changes



Hormonal contraceptives


Stress, tiredness

Infertility drugs

How can I help prevent my vagina from becoming to dry? Easy, stop using products that is likely to increase dryness or irritate vaginal tissue. Specific soaps, washing powders, douches, scented gels and allergens that contain harsh ingredients you need stay clear of if they contain dodgy ingredients.

Another favoured option is Kegel exercises. They help increase circulation to the pelvic area which in return strengthens vaginal tissue. While lubricants are useful now and again for sex, specially formulated moisturizing creams will better the health of vaginal tissues. Particular formulas containing phytoestrogens are known for their ability to naturally replenish waning estrogen levels

Flaxseeds are high phytoestrogens and known to minimize hot flushes and ease discomfort of sore breasts. Omega-3 fatty acids is good for fighting heart disease, arthritis and balancing hormones and the outcome normally less severe

You cannot beat supplements for helping to fight different conditions. This applies to the case of a dry vagina. Consider B-vitamins and vitamin E. Vitamin A helps keep suppleness. Should you decide to take vitamins consult your doctor.

Another option is Evening Primrose Oil.

Healthy Vagina

Avoid vagina dryness and infections by maintaining a healthy vagina. If you have been fortunate and not had a problem with your bits “YET” then be ready for when you do.

A healthy vagina is moist and produces a reasonable amount of vaginal discharge. Over time discharge due to hormonal cycles and aging can alter vagina behaviours. Typical vaginal fluid would look a clear/white, pasty or of a slippery consistency, and odourless.

The body depends on the hormone estrogen and progesterone to create ample lubricating secretions for the vagina. While going through the perimenopause stage and menopause when hormones are changing, it is common for dryness to happen as less secretion is produced.

Various reasons for dryness

Be wary of soaps advertised as gentle, namely Dove and Ivory because they can dry genital tissue because they are not pH-balanced.

What you eat. Estrogen is needed to help lubricate the vagina. Since estrogen is created from cholesterol, the bodies’ ability to efficiently produce and metabolize estrogen depends strongly on the fat we consume in our diet. But while there is a connection between fat in our diet and estrogen levels, it is essential to consume fats that produce health and hormonal balance instead of those that encourage disease.

Hydration is important to keep mucous membranes moist. Go easy on drinks that contain caffeine and avoid alcohol.

Medicine – Specific drugs, like allergy/cold medications, even some antidepressants tend to dry out mucous membranes including vaginal tissues. Ask your GP about birth control pills as they are noted for causing this problem because the hormones it contains are not natural to the human body.

While most people link dryness to the time of perimenopause/menopause, hormonal imbalance can happen to women who have premature ovarian failure, polycystic ovarian syndrome, anorexia, or pituitary and hypothalamus concerns; and also in those who have lately given birth, breastfeeding, have imbalanced diets and undergone cancer therapy or smoke tobacco products.

Stress has an influential impact on the system, and yet women tend to overlook the signs. By taxing the adrenals chronic stress forces down androgens which interferes with the normal female sexual response cycle. At this point it affects the stages of arousal and lessens natural lubrication.

Natural solutions for vaginal dryness

Sadly, a great deal of women who suffer with vaginal dryness continue to suffer because conventional medicines do not work for them.

Suggestions below are to help, however they may work for some whereas for others useless solutions

Add soy isoflavones to your diet. Whole soy foods are high in isoflavones and lignans and known to help.

Give your body the highest level of nutritional support. The body will always struggle to function properly without essential ingredients. For example, omega-3 essential fatty acids support healthy cell membranes and hormonal balance.

Be vigilant towards your vagina. Check it regularly with a mirror. Keeping track of any changes will help identify if dietary habits is the cause of particular issues.

Swap K-Y Jelly for a quality lubricant which contains methylparaben. Go for natural lubricant like Sylk or paraben and glycerin-free Astroglide.

Natural oil like sweet almond or grape seed after a bath is affective.

Control the condition using vitamin E suppositories. Vitamin E applied locally can help restore thin vaginal tissue.

Yorkie Eye Problems And Preventing Loss Of Vision In These Dogs

It’s important to monitor your pets vision because there are certain Yorkie eye problems that can develop in this breed of dog. When a Yorkshire Terrier loses its eye sight, it’s often a distressing situation for both the dog and its owner. It also restricts what your Yorkie can do, and in some cases it can be dangerous to leave your Yorkie on its own because it cannot see potential hazards. To minimize the likely hood of sight problems in your pet, it’s always wise to frequently visit your veterinarian for checkups that include eye checks.

The main eye disorders common to this breed of dog include Cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) degeneration, Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca and Entropion.

Cataract formation

Yorkie owners sometimes face the problem of cataract formation. This disease affects the lens of a dog’s eye. The lens losses transparency and will often become white in color. This often results in your dog becoming blind. There are 3 different classifications of this disease and they include the following:

  • Congenital – Yorkshire Terrier are born with this problem and its normally hereditary.
  • Juvenile – This type of cataract disease affects Yorkies aged 5 years and younger.
  • Senile – Dogs older than five years develop this problem in their eyes.

There are many causes of canine cataracts. This disease can be hereditary or acquired as a Yorkshire Terrier gets older. Some causes of the disease include toxins, inflammations, trauma and other defects. Congenital cataracts are hereditary, while juvenile and senile cataracts can be hereditary or acquired. It is a disease that often requires surgery to avoid blindness.


This canine eye disorder is associated with a dog’s eyelid. The disease causes inward rolling of the eye. The eye lashes tear the surface of a dog’s eye-ball and sometimes results in more serious damage to your pets eye if it’s not looked after.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) Degeneration

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is an eye disease which normally happens to Yorkies aged four years or older. It can even happen to younger Yorkies. This problem occurs because of the recessive autosomal gene in canines. With PRA, a dogs vision gradually gets worse over time, until it goes blind. Early signs of PRA include widely diluted pupils that become unresponsive to light.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) or Dry Eye Syndrome (DES)

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) also known as Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) is a disorder that can affect your Yorkie. Tear production reduced in a dog’s eye reduces, and the eye becomes irritated and itchy. This problem can become serious if untreated, and lead to impaired vision and even permanent blindness.

Vision is important for most pets including Yorkshire Terriers. Once a dog’s eye sight is impaired, it affects the quality of life the have, but regular visits to your veterinarian and checks by yourself can prevent many Yorkie eye problems.

Tips for Finding Office Chairs for Obese People

Tired of having your office chair break on you, thanks to extra weight? It’s not surprising in today’s world of cheap consumer products that most chairs aren’t designed to withstand more than 200 lbs. Office chairs for obese people are hard to find, if you don’t know where to look, so most people just make do with broken chairs or continue to buy them at an alarming rate.

Office chairs for obese people might not be easy to find, but they do exist. There are several stores that sell computer chairs designed for bigger people. These chairs are usually very comfortable and come with metal parts, as well as wider seats to ensure comfort. No need to squeeze into a narrow chair when you have options like this.

The one thing that you will notice is the price difference. Often, office chairs for obese people will cost a bit more than a regular chair. This is due to the fact that they have to use stronger, more expensive materials, not because they are discriminating against overweight people. Metal is going to cost more than plastic, so you have to keep this in mind.

The extra dollars are usually well worth it. Imagine if you spend twice as much on a chair for obese people as you do for a regular one, but the larger, sturdier chair lasts you for 2 years, whereas the regular chair would have broken after two months. You can see that it is easily worth the money to avoid having to replace your chair or dealing with broken legs on an existing office chair.

A good, strong office chair is an investment, particularly if you need it for your job. You may even be able to convince your boss to pick up the tab if you will be using the chair at work. There are some very nice, unassuming office chairs for obese people and you can easily have one in your office without raising eyebrows. Only you will know that it is specially designed to withstand your weight.

Ferret Eye Problems That You Need to Know About

If you own a ferret you will be quite aware of the ferret eye problems that cause you to be concerned about. The unlucky ferret is not blessed with good eyesight which is why its smelling senses are so developed. Also, due to poor sight they are often prone to many kinds of complications and problems of the eyes.

Ferrets are curious and playful naturally and their active nature is prone to accidents to their eyes, the most sensitive of all their organs. Fighting with cats or a hard hit can cause damage to their eyes. Even a rush of excitement can cause bulging of their eyes and make them blind.

I would well advise to keep your ferret safely in a place where there are lesser possibilities of injuries to the head and accidents. However, eye complications in ferrets can well be inherent where if the mother had cataract or glaucoma you will find its presence in the ferret pup. Then, it may be a case of diabetes causing the disabilities. Where diagnosis is quite impossible, the ferret may lose its eyesight or even die within a short time.

Another disease that attacks most ferrets is retinal atrophy which is a progressive complication of ferret eye type. The eyes lose moisture and become hard and dilated with age. This is a slow killer since the eyes lose sight or visibility over a period of time. It is caused when the pet has a deficiency of an amino acid substance called Taurine.

When there is an injury or trauma to your ferret, Uveitis is yet another infection which the pet is susceptible to. It is however curable and treatment requires application of an anti-inflammatory ointment like cortisone. If left untreated, it may cause painful destruction of the retina and subsequent blindness

Sometimes a tumor behind the eyeballs can cause Lymphoma (where the eyes bulge out) or Lymphosarcoma. If diagnosed with it, the ferret needs to be treated with chemotherapy. Such lymphoma is then treated with surgery and is known as retro bulbar lymphoma.

It is important to have regular checkups for your pet to avoid progression of any of these diseases. It is advisable to take the pet to an experienced and established vet for periodical examination to avoid afflictions to the ferret with minor or major eye ailments.

Yorkie Eye Problems And Preventing Loss Of Vision In These Dogs

It’s important to monitor your pets vision because there are certain Yorkie eye problems that can develop in this breed of dog. When a Yorkshire Terrier loses its eye sight, it’s often a distressing situation for both the dog and its owner. It also restricts what your Yorkie can do, and in some cases it can be dangerous to leave your Yorkie on its own because it cannot see potential hazards. To minimize the likely hood of sight problems in your pet, it’s always wise to frequently visit your veterinarian for checkups that include eye checks.

The main eye disorders common to this breed of dog include Cataracts, Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) degeneration, Keratoconjuctivitis Sicca and Entropion.

Cataract formation

Yorkie owners sometimes face the problem of cataract formation. This disease affects the lens of a dog’s eye. The lens losses transparency and will often become white in color. This often results in your dog becoming blind. There are 3 different classifications of this disease and they include the following:

  • Congenital – Yorkshire Terrier are born with this problem and its normally hereditary.
  • Juvenile – This type of cataract disease affects Yorkies aged 5 years and younger.
  • Senile – Dogs older than five years develop this problem in their eyes.

There are many causes of canine cataracts. This disease can be hereditary or acquired as a Yorkshire Terrier gets older. Some causes of the disease include toxins, inflammations, trauma and other defects. Congenital cataracts are hereditary, while juvenile and senile cataracts can be hereditary or acquired. It is a disease that often requires surgery to avoid blindness.


This canine eye disorder is associated with a dog’s eyelid. The disease causes inward rolling of the eye. The eye lashes tear the surface of a dog’s eye-ball and sometimes results in more serious damage to your pets eye if it’s not looked after.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) Degeneration

Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is an eye disease which normally happens to Yorkies aged four years or older. It can even happen to younger Yorkies. This problem occurs because of the recessive autosomal gene in canines. With PRA, a dogs vision gradually gets worse over time, until it goes blind. Early signs of PRA include widely diluted pupils that become unresponsive to light.

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) or Dry Eye Syndrome (DES)

Keratoconjunctivitis Sicca (KCS) also known as Dry Eye Syndrome (DES) is a disorder that can affect your Yorkie. Tear production reduced in a dog’s eye reduces, and the eye becomes irritated and itchy. This problem can become serious if untreated, and lead to impaired vision and even permanent blindness.

Vision is important for most pets including Yorkshire Terriers. Once a dog’s eye sight is impaired, it affects the quality of life the have, but regular visits to your veterinarian and checks by yourself can prevent many Yorkie eye problems.

What Causes My Red Face?

There are many things that can cause a face to become red temporarily, such as consumption of alcohol or spicy food, being embarrassed in social situations or having a sensitivity to niacin or mono-sodium glutamate (MSG). However, there are many conditions that can be the cause of more chronic facial redness. This article describes a few of them.

  1. Cushing’s Syndrome
    Cushing’s syndrome is a hormone disorder that is caused by the exposure of the body to too much cortisol (a stress hormone). Cushing’s syndrome is relatively rare, and in addition to redness of the face, includes the following symptoms: high blood pressure, high blood glucose levels, fatigue, irritability, depression and anxiety. Women with Cushing’s syndrome often show signs of increased hair growth on the face, neck, abdomen, chest and thighs.
  2. Lupus (SLE, Systemic Lupus Erythematosus)
    Lupus is an autoimmune disease affecting multiple organs and tissues, including the skin, heart, kidneys, liver, lungs, joints, brain and blood. The facial redness that is sometimes associated with lupus is a rash across the cheeks and nose. The facial redness with lupus exists in a butterfly pattern (butterfly rash) and does not involve the forehead. Lupus patients can also have skin rashes on other parts of their body, which often develop or get worse after sun exposure. Lupus is frequently diagnosed by antibody testing.
  3. Rosacea
    The facial redness of rosacea involves the cheeks, nose and the forehead and develops gradually. It starts out as a redness of the face that resembles facial flushing that does not to go away and in many cases looks like sunburn. However, while the initial facial redness may vary from day to day, rosacea symptoms progressively get worse: in addition to the initial facial redness, small papules and pustules appear on the face, which may burst and ooze. The face often feels itchy and painful. In progressive rosacea, capillaries become permanently widened (telangiectasias). These telangiectasias do not respond well to topical treatments and cause the face to have a “residual” redness. Telangiectasias can be effectively treated with intense pulsed light.
  4. Scarlet fever
    Scarlet fever is caused by an exotoxin from the bacterium Streptococcus pyogenes. Clinical signs include a high fever and a sore throat followed by a rough (sandpaper-like) rash over the body lasting for 3-4 days. The skin will start to peel after the rash is gone. Other classic signs of scarlet fever are a bright red tongue with a strawberry appearance and a facial redness on the cheeks (the nose and areas surrounding the mouth are usually not red).
  5. Rubella
    Rubella (also called German measles) is a disease caused by the rubella virus. It has an incubation period of 2-3 weeks and symptoms are a rash that first develops on the face, which spreads to the trunk, arms and legs. Complications due to rubella are rare, but rubella can cause complications during pregnancy if the infection occurs within the first 20 weeks of pregnancy.

Natural Myopia Cure – How to Cure Myopia Without Surgery

Myopia is a nearsighted condition where the eyes have become accustomed to near object and thus sees objects that are far away in a blurred manner. There are many ways people can try to find a myopia cure. One of the most common ways people choose to cure it is through glasses or surgery. Even though these are common, they may not necessarily be for everyone.

Glasses can be bothersome and sometimes expensive. They also are not a cure, but just a means of being able to see well. When you don’t wear them you have bad vision. It may also be the case that glasses can even worsen your vision over time. For surgery, the common issue is that it can be risky and expensive. There are also natural ways to improve your eyesight.

One way many people have attempted to find a myopia cure is through exercises. Some exercises involve you rolling your eyes side to side and up and down. This is an attempt to stimulate blood flow to the eyes. This has to be repeated for a long period for it to have even the slightest effect. Some people have received positive results so it is worth a try.

Another common solution is to take a bilberry extract supplement. It has been shown to prevent macular degeneration and is also believed to help with night vision problems. It also improves the overall health of your eye sight because of its vitamin levels. Bilberry is a fruit that is similar to a blueberry.

Another manner by which you can cure myopia is by relaxing your eyes after reading or staring at the t v or computer. After 30 minutes of nearsighted work, stare at a wall in the distance for at least 5 minutes. This will relax your eyes. Myopia cure through relaxation is very easy and free.

Mario Santos has been working as an eye wellness expert for years and has helped hundreds of people who have eyesight problems.