Your Grumpy Child – Personality May Have Nothing to Do With It

Does your child seem to cry at the drop of a hat, or seems to be irritated a lot of the time? If you blame it on personality or attitude, you may be mistaken. It could be allergies. Allergies can affect a person in many ways, from making the skin unusually sensitive to causing emotional or neurological problems.

A child who always looks irritable or consistently complains of tight or uncomfortable clothing or sting eyes could be irritated by chemicals in your washing products or in the fabric itself, such as formaldehyde (which is used in China to treat a lot of children's clothing that ends Up in our shops) or chemicals used in the production of sheets and blankets. Or your child's skin, respiratory or nervous systems could be affected by personal care product such as soaps or creams, or by fumes from school equipment.

Hidden allergies to chemicals, fumes, mold, scents, foods or food additives can cause your child to become irritable, moody, or anxious, and can also cause headaches, sensitive eyes, aggressiveness, depression, and all sorts of other distractes.

What about those children who demand the same foods, day after day? Before you give up, you might first want to rule out allergies. Food allergies can create strong food cravings or addictions, or more precisely, your child can become addicted to the endorphins that the body releases during a reaction to reduce the distress of the reaction.

One way to test for food allergies is a 5 day elimination diet. Cut out the craved or suspect food (in all its forms) from the diet for five days to completely clear the body of it. If your child is allergic to that food, you should see a significant improvement in behavior by the sixth day. If that food is then ate again, the problem behavior will return, and probably be stronger at first. This experiment can be a bit of a challenge as the child may at first become more irritable and difficult than ever. But these symptoms should disappear in a day or two. Also, you must remove even tiny or trace amounts of that food from the diet.

It sounds like a big task, but if you're fed up coping with a highly irritable or bad tempered child, the rewards are definitely worth the effort. Once the undering allergy is treated, you'll discover or re-discover the happy, sweet child within.

Sources: Marguerite Kelly, 'Coping With Irritability And Its Physical Causes,' Washington Post Nov 23, 2007; Dr. Dzung Price MD, 2007, Your Allergy Free Child.

How To Prevent Radon Poisoning In Houses

Radon is a gas that is produced by the decay of some soil components, mostly granite and uranium. The gas seeps through the atmosphere and when it is inhaled, it causes poisoning. When it seeps through cracks and gets trapped in a house that does not have proper ventilation, chances are that the biological system of our bodies will get severely affected and may result to death if not treated early enough.

Radon poisoning affects children more than adults according to statistics. Overall, radon poisoning causes aver 20,000 deaths per year in the US alone. How then can one know when radon poisoning is occurring or whether they are at risk of radon poisoning? To begin with, let it be noted that radon is a colorless and odorless gas and as such it may be extremely difficult to detect its presence in a house or in the air. Symptoms that one can therefore look out for include irritation of the lungs and respiratory system.

If this irritation is ignored for long periods of time, chances are that one is susceptible to getting lung cancer. Children are at a higher risk because their immune system is not fully developed and they may not be able to fight the toxic substance contained in radon. Lung cancer is known to be rampant among smokers, so if it is detected among a non-smoking population, then it can be attributed to radon gas. Other conditions that are as a result of radon poisoning include emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis.

To prevent radon poisoning, begin by ensuring that the house in which you live is well ventilated. Again, builders should ensure that their work is up to standard so that the foundation of the houses they build do not crack or allow for the passage of the gas. If possible, radon resistant material should be used in construction, up to the third floors of storey buildings.

Trust Issues In Relationships

There’s a name for someone who trusts people immediately…fool. Real trust grows gradually, over time, as each person risks a little more and doesn’t get burned. This is why the only relationships where anyone can fully rest in trust are long term ones, like marriage. The slow growth of trust is also why, once the trust is broken, it’s even more difficult to recover. This article is about working through these trust issues and coming out the other end with a stronger relationship.

Trust Grows Slowly: Now that I’ve been married over 20 years, and we’ve been through a thing or two, I’ve discovered we’re a lot more relaxed with each other. We’re finally free to be ourselves. Some years early on, life was walking on eggshells, not knowing what to say or do, for fear of hurting each other. I now know a lot of this had to do with trust. We didn’t trust the each other’s words and actions and we didn’t trust each other with our thoughts and feelings. I now know this is normal.

For example, if I jokingly said, “I’m gonna’ slap you.” Marsha (my wife) wouldn’t know it was a joke, even though I had never struck her. Relationships are between two completely different people trying to find common ground. The fact that any relationships last is an absolute miracle of unselfishness, patience and trust. Trust is only gained when one person risks and doesn’t get harmed. It grows as both people increasingly risk and don’t get harmed in the process.

When Someone Violates Trust: When someone violates a trust and harms the other in the process, trust doesn’t just shrink back to the previous level…it goes away, entirely. If someone violates their wedding vows once, even after years of faithful marriage, the marriage is usually over. Just one violation puts every trust issue in your whole relationship in doubt. If you’re the injured party, recovery only comes if you’re willing to risk again, and gradually let your partner try to earn your trust back. That’s hard enough, but it’s rarely that simple. By the time two people are ready to try to recover, there have been several trust violations and retaliations. In these cases, we each need to consciously review the relationship and see if the benefits outweigh the betrayals, before we can begin risking again.

When Trust Issues Are Caused By Outsiders: It’s bad enough that Marsha and I could so easily break our trust, but sometimes outsiders can cause even more trust issues. Shortly after our marriage, it was rumored that I was sleeping with someone I had worked with. It turned out to be true, since the rumor-monger wasn’t aware Marsha and I were married, he thought we were having an affair, driving to and from work together, and all. Under different circumstances, such a rumor could cause serious trust issues. Many a marriage has been broken up by false accusations. I knew one woman who used trust issues to destroy a marriage so she could have the husband…it worked.

In the case of a marriage, even family can be outsiders. We were blessed to have two sets of parents who let us make our own decisions and mistakes. Many In-laws think they know best how the relationships of their kids should be, and that never works. All it does is create more trust issues. There’s a reason the traditional wedding vow says to leave your family and cleave to your spouse. If you continue to cleave to your family, you’ll eventually leave your spouse. If you have parents who constantly undermine or criticize your spouse, tell them to stop it. If they won’t stop, sever all ties with them! That is making a stand to say I love my spouse enough not to allow anyone to get between us. That will build trust!

When Trust Issues Are Irrational: What if someone takes their parent’s side or listens to gossip about their spouse? What if there is absolutely no evidence that your spouse has violated your trust, but you suspect and accuse them, anyway? They’re with you every minute they’re not at work, but still, you have this suspicion you’re being cheated on. Jealousy is a green-eyed monster. Most of the time, jealousy is an anxiety resulting from a low self-esteem. You feel you don’t deserve your partner, so you just know they’re trying to trade you in. Most people just get over the milder forms of this anxiety as their trust in their spouse grows. Some, though, have such a severe anxiety that their distrust actually pushes their spouse away…eventually into the arms of another. A self-fulfilling prophecy! I’ve known two people who did this, leaving one person as the single parent of a couple children.

Trust issues are hardest to overcome when they are the irrational result of anxiety. There’s no way to earn the trust of this person…they’ve rendered themselves incapable of trusting. Remember how trust grows…a person risks something small and if they don’t get burned, is willing to risk more? If you have a trust anxiety, you’re unwilling to risk, therefore unable to grow trust. If you suspect you or a loved one has irrational trust issues, it’s a good idea to see a mental health professional to get a proper diagnosis and help. There are many medicines and treatments available that can help with anxieties.

Well, it isn’t easy! Trust grows slowly and, if broken, heals even more slowly. All relationship trust issues are complex and painful to deal with. With patience, love and forgiveness, though, it’s usually possible to overcome distrust and grow a healthy, long-tern relationship. Just imagine the day you can finally rest in each other’s trust, fully able to be yourselves, knowing you’re just the person the other one wants to be with. I praise God for bringing us to this place and pray He bring you, too.

Complete Information on Andersen Tawil Syndrome With Treatment and Prevention

Andersen tawil syndrome is a rare genetic disorder, its occurrence is unknown. Anderson the tawil synthesis symptom is causes the periodic paralysis plot the confusion, change in heart rhythm, with development abnormality. This condition is inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern, which means one copy of the altered gene in each cell is sufficient to cause the disorder. In some cases, a person with Andersen tawil syndrome inherits the mutation from one affected parent. These cases occur in people with no history of the disorder in their family. There may be several variant mutations, producing similar but slightly different forms of the disorder, as occurs in the other forms of periodic paralysis, where several variants of each type have been identified.

The most common change influence heart is the ventricle heart rate is abnormal, is the severance in the heart lower chamber’s rhythm, and long quart comprehensive symptom. The long quart comprehensive symptom is causes the cardic muscle to need for a long time compared to usually to the overcharging between striking heart situation. Perhaps the patient has normo, the hypo or stimulated kalemia, perhaps or the serum potassium is instable in attack period. Perhaps ATS includes the severe heart disease involvement and the skeleton anomaly. ATS in the periodic paralysis or the long quart comprehensive symptom gene which current identifies with other does not connect. Perhaps the trigger changes from the person to the person. This unfortunately is the food trigger other types equally clear is likely not defined the periodicity to be lacking in vigilance, it is the region which possibly said or the sweets triggers the plot in rich potassium food. Common trigger at other periodic paralysis including not lively rest in activity later and period. The sleep is a powerful trigger.

The syndrome of Andersen tawil influences the heart, is the symptoms a verstoring in the rhythm of the lower chambers of the heart beside the symptoms of long QT syndrome. Physical abnormalities associated with Andersen tawil syndrome typically affect the head, face, and limbs. These features often include a very small lower jaw, dental abnormalities, low-set ears, widely spaced eyes, and unusual curving of the fingers or toes (clinodactyly). Some affected people also have short stature and an abnormal curvature of the spine. Partial manifestations of ATS are common. The subtle nature of the cardiac and dysmorphic features may delay diagnosis, but clinical recognition of ATS is vital given the predisposition for dysrhythmias and sudden death.

A variety of tests may be used. If untreated, the irregular heartbeats can lead to discomfort, fainting, or cardiac arrest. Since individuals vary so much it is difficult, if not impossible, to give guidelines which apply to all ATS patients. Treatment for Andersen tawil syndrome remains empirical and is frustrated by a paradoxical response of cardiac and skeletal muscle to changes in potassium levels, unpredictable responses to drugs, and an overall refractoriness to antiarrhythmic agents. Medications which regulate the heart are often prescribed, other treatment depends on the individual and their reaction to potassium. Patients with severe heart rhythm problems may require a pacemaker-like device. In addition to the standard pharmacologic therapies for the periodic paralyses, beta-blockers have been used successfully in some patients. Patients must avoid hypokalemia and drugs that cause prolongation of the QT interval.

Interesting Facts about Ringworm

In spite of its popular name, the actual cause of ringworm is infection with fungal organisms. These infectious fungal organisms are called dermatophytes and the medical term for ringworm is dermatophytosis. Sometimes ringworm is also known as tinea. The fungal infectious organisms responsible for causing ringworm are widespread in nature and they commonly populate the soil. The only effective means of preventing the occurrence of ringworm is to maintain a good hygiene. Ringworm is very contagious and it can easily be acquired through direct contact with contaminated people, animals or objects. Regularly wash your hands after entering in contact with stray animals, as many of them are carriers of the fungi responsible for causing ringworms in humans.

Arthrospores are the main cause of ringworm in humans. Although there are lots of animals contaminated with arthrospores, they usually don’t show any signs of the disease. For some reason, most animals appear to be immune to this form of fungal infection. Microsporum canis is a type of fungi that commonly infects cats. This type of fungus can be easily transmitted to other animals and to humans. It is strongly recommended to avoid physical contact with animals that show signs of disease in order to prevent contamination with infectious fungal elements. Also, if you own a dog or a cat, ensure that your pet is not contaminated with dermatophytes by paying regular visits to a veterinary.

Ringworm can affect virtually any region of the body. Hands and feet are very exposed to fungal infection and dermatophytes often infect these body parts. Although it commonly affects skin, ringworm can also affect nails and scalp. Ringworm involves inflammation, rash and swelling of the skin, scalp, soft tissue and nails. Rash is usually the first sign that indicates the presence of fungal infections. Skin lesions may also appear in later stages of the disease. If the infection spreads through the deeper layers of the skin it can cause pustules and painful nodules. A hardened crust often forms on the surface of the affected skin. Common symptoms of ringworm are persistent itching, soreness and irritation.

Ringworm of the scalp appears in the form of pustules or pus-filled reddish bumps. Foot ringworm usually affects the skin regions between the toes. Foot ringworm appears in the form of cracked, hardened skin. The affected skin also tends to exfoliate, causing itching and soreness. Ringworm of the nails is manifested by thickening and discoloration of the nails.

It is very important to see a dermatologist if you have the symptoms of ringworm. Although it may resemble a simple rash or irritation, ringworm can cause serious complications if it is not appropriately treated. The treatment for ringworm can be prescribed in the form of oral tablets or creams and ointments for external use. The medications used in the treatment for ringworm contain antifungal material and they are usually very effective in overcoming the infection. With appropriate medical treatment, ringworm can be completely cured within a week.

Pain Relief From Diabetes

Of all the diseases in the world diabetes is the most predominant in Americans. Millions of people suffer from this illness and many more people acquire it everyday. This article will explain how to achieve pain relief from diabetes. This is a life changing illness and once you acquire it you must learn how to live more carefully; To help you control the symptoms.

Diabetes is one of the most common disorders in which either the pancreas produces insufficient amounts of the hormone insulin or the body cells becoming resident to the hormones effects. Learning how to control or manage this illness is not very tough if you are quite sincere to your health. If you can learn how to plan your routine and diet you can learn how to achieve pain relief from diabetes and will discover how easy it is to tackle the illness.

Anyone who is suffering from diabetes understands that their feet can be very painful due from the condition. The feet of a diabetic are more susceptible to foot pains as well as increasing risk of cuts and bruises. You should have your feet studied at least once a year; Or more if they are giving you constant pain. As a diabetic you could find yourself suffering from pain in different parts in your body.

If you are unsure what types of foods that you should consume so you can learn how to achieve pain relief from diabetes; You should visit a physician so they can prescribe you some medication to help you feel better. You can also visit a dietitian to help you set up a diet that you will help you acquire the proper nutrition that you require. Another way to get a hold of a diabetes diet plan is to look for one online; Everywhere you look you can find all kinds of them everywhere.

To avoid more pain you should first and foremost you must begin avoiding sweet food such as cakes, pastries, ice cream and anything else that has an excess of sugar. These foods are not good to consume because of your condition; And will do more harm. The food that you choose to eat will play a different role in your life now that you have the illness; Than when you were healthy.

You must understand that eating a quality diet will not be sufficient enough. There are certain rules you must follow while eating the correct types of meals and instilling an exercise plan. If you want to discover what steps you can take to help get pain relief from diabetes; Visit the website below. If you suffer from this condition you can learn how to acquire relief and learn the truth about it and the proper steps to take to help overcome the symptoms. Even if you have tried several things in the past to help get relief from the pain; You can find something that will help you improve your life with diabetes and learn how to live with it without suffering.

Stomach Cancer – Causes of Stomach Cancer

Stomach cancer is more readily treated when caught early. Unfortunately, by the time stomach cancer causes symptoms, it’s often at an advanced stage and may have spread beyond the stomach. Yet there is encouraging news. You can reduce your risk of stomach cancer by making a few changes in your lifestyle. It is hard to diagnose stomach cancer in its early stages. Indigestion and stomach discomfort can be symptoms of early cancer, but other problems can cause the same symptoms. In advanced cases, there may be blood in your stool, vomiting, unexplained weight loss, jaundice or trouble swallowing.
Stomach cancer is more common in developing nations, while becoming less common in Western countries including Australia. At present, stomach cancer is still the fourth most common cause of death from cancer. There appear to be two types of gastric (stomach) cancer. Cancer of the stomach, or gastric cancer, is a disease in which stomach cells become malignant (cancerous) and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Almost all stomach cancers (95%) start in the glandular tissue that lines the stomach. The tumor may spread along the stomach wall or may grow directly through the wall and shed cells into the bloodstream or lymphatic system. Once beyond the stomach, cancer can spread to other organs.
Cells from malignant tumors can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body. Cancer cells spread by breaking away from the original tumor and entering the bloodstream or the lymphatic system. The cells invade other organs and form new tumors that damage these organs. The spread of cancer is called metastasis. There are about 9,000 new cases of stomach cancer diagnosed every year and it’s more common in men, particularly in late middle age. Stomoch cancer is on the decrease and is now about half as common as it was 30 years ago.

Causes of Stomach Cancer

Tobacco and alcohol use. Tobacco use can irritate the stomach lining, which may help explain why smokers have twice the rate of stomach cancer that nonsmokers do. Alcohol has been associated with an increased risk of stomach cancer, but the link between the two isn’t clear.

Type A blood: Blood type groups refer to certain substances that are normally present on the surface of red blood cells and some other types of cells. These groups are important in matching blood for transfusions. For unknown reasons, people with type A blood have a higher risk of getting stomach cancer.

Cancer can either be malignant or benign. Benign cancer is curable, meaning that there is some medical way of being able to provide a curing solution to the cancer-hit part of the body. On the other hand, malignant cancer is a lot more serious since this means that cancer has developed into something complicated where medical resources have close to lesser chances of medicinal resolution.

People who have pernicious anaemia (an autoimmune condition where the lining of the stomach becomes thin, less acid is produced and anaemia develops due to lack of vitamin B12), atrophic gastritis, or a hereditary condition of growths in the stomach are at a higher risk of developing this type of cancer.

A diet high in salt and nitrates and low in vitamins A and C increases the risk for stomach cancer. Other dietary risk factors include food preparation (e.g., preserving food by smoking, salt-curing, pickling, or drying) and environment (e.g., lack of refrigeration, poor drinking water). A diet high in raw fruits and vegetables, citrus fruits, and fiber may lower the risk for stomach cancer.

Stomach polyps may become cancerous (malignant) and are thus removed. Adenocarcinoma of the stomach is particularly likely to develop if the polyps consist of glandular cells, if the polyps are larger than ¾ inch (2 centimeters), or if several polyps exist.
Exposure to certain dusts, molds, fumes, and other environmental agents at home or in the workplace has been linked to a higher than average risk of stomach cancer.Some experts believe that smoking might increase stomach cancer risk.

Eczema -causes, Symptoms, Treatment

Treatment of Eczema

Eczema (from Greek ??????) is a form of dermatitis, or inflammation of the upper layers of the skin. The term eczema is broadly applied to a range of persistent skin conditions. These include dryness and recurring skin rashes which are characterized by one or more of these symptoms: redness, skin edema (swelling), itching and dryness, crusting, flaking, blistering, cracking, oozing, or bleeding.

Eczema is a term for several different types of skin swelling. Eczema is also called dermatitis. It is not dangerous, but most types cause red, swollen and itchy skin. Factors that can cause eczema include other diseases, irritating substances, allergies and your genetic makeup. Eczema is not contagious.

What Are the Signs and Symptoms?
Signs and symptoms of eczema can vary widely during the early phases. Between 2 and 6 months of age (and almost always before the age of 5 years), children with eczema usually develop itchy, dry, red skin and small bumps on their cheeks, forehead, or scalp. Some people develop red bumps or clear fluid-filled bumps that look “bubbly” and, when scratched, add wetness to the overall appearance.

While any region of the body may be affected by eczema, in children and adults, eczema typically occurs on the face, neck, and the insides of the elbows, knees, and ankles. In infants, eczema typically occurs on the forehead, cheeks, forearms, legs, scalp, and neck.

What Causes Eczema
Genetic defect in the epidermal barrier that makes the skin susceptible to breakdown by irritants such as detergents and dust mites. which may allow increased penetration of antigens.Atopic eczema is the most common form. It tends to develop in childhood, sometimes just after birth. Many children grow out of it as they get older, but it can flare up again when they’re adults.

Though much of atopic dermatitis is genetic and caused by the “atopic” or reactive immune system, environmental factors are also very important. Eczema may be set off by extreme temperatures, stress, sweating, medication, clothing (especially wool or silk), grease, oils, soap and detergents, and environmental allergens.

Treatment of Eczema
Neurodermatitis. Getting you to stop scratching and to avoid further aggravating your skin are the treatment objectives. Accomplishing this may mean covering the affected area to prevent you from scratching it. Hydrocortisone and similar lotions and creams may help soothe your skin. You also may find that wet compresses provide relief. Antidepressants or anti-anxiety medications are helpful for some people.

The type of medication prescribed will depend on many factors, including the type of eczema, past treatment, and the patient’s preference. Topical (applied to the skin) medication is frequently prescribed. If the eczema is more severe, phototherapy (a type of treatment that uses light therapy) or systemic (circulates throughout the body) medication may be prescribed.New topical immune-modulating drugs also may help. Sold as Protopic and Elidel, the drugs offer many of the benefits of corticosteroids — and avoid the side effects. Some dermatologists have begun to use these products as first-line therapies, although such use remains controversial.

How to Stop Night Sweats

Hot flashes and night sweats are a very common side effect of the perimenopause and menopause and women can suffer from them periodically for anywhere between 5 and 10 years. Many women will try to discover how to stop night sweats as they can be a very disturbing problem, causing sleep disturbances. Many women find that they are absolutely drenched with sweat during the night and their bedding and nightclothes frequently need changing.

If you would like to know how to stop night sweats, there are various self-help measures you can take. It is generally recommended that you take action if the night sweats are happening more than a couple of times a week. The hormones estrogen and progesterone both help regulate the body against night sweats. When they are lacking in the body, the blood vessels will dilate randomly causing rapid increases in the skin temperature causing excessive sweating. Although they do not last very long, the body loses a significant amount of water through sweating which is why the bed sheets and nightclothes are often drenched.

* Sleep on cotton sheets-keep spares near the bed should you need to change them during the night

* Keep the bedroom temperature fairly low

* Wear lightweight cotton nightclothes or none at all

* Avoid drinking tea and coffee late at night

* Eat foods rich in phyto-estrogens, such as soya or tofu

* Eat foods rich in vitamin B6-these often include wheat based products and cereals

* Eat foods rich in vitamin E, such as sweet potato, almonds and avocado

* Avoid hot spicy foods

* Take supplements of Evening Primose

* Eat foods rich in magnesium and calcium

Alcohol’s Effects in the Brain

Alcohol can make you laugh or it can make you cry, it can make you lively or make you sleepy, it can boost your confidence or make you act the fool. How can alcohol have all these different effects on people? If we want to know how alcohol affects our moods and behaviors we must first understand a bit about how the brain works.

The human brain is made up of about 100 billion nerve cells (also known as neurons). Everything that we think, feel or do is the result of electrical signals passing back and forth between neurons. These electrical signals require the help of chemicals called neurotransmitters in order to pass from neuron to neuron. Scientists have identified around 60 different neurotransmitters so far and tell us that there are probably many more yet to be identified.

Different neurotransmitters have different effects in the brain. For example, serotonin is connected with mood. People suffering from clinical depression tend to have a shortage of serotonin in their brains, and medications like Prozac can help to alleviate depression by increasing the availability of serotonin in the brain. Endorphins are a class of neurotransmitters which act as the brain’s natural painkillers.

Electrical signals in the brain are transmitted in the following manner: The neuron which is sending the electrical signal releases a neurotransmitter, and the neuron which is receiving the electrical signal accepts the neurotransmitter at a site which is called a receptor. When the neurotransmitter from the first neuron chemically binds to the receptor of the second neuron the electrical signal is transmitted. Neurotransmitters and receptors work like locks and keys: there is at least one different receptor for each different neurotransmitter. For example, an endorphin receptor can only be triggered by and endorphin, a serotonin receptor can only be triggered by serotonin, and so on. Different neurons have different receptors. Some neurons will only be triggered by serotonin, some only by an endorphin, and so on for all the different neurotransmitters.

Okay–now what does all of this have to do with alcohol?

Every mood altering substance from heroin to coffee has an effect on the neurotransmitter system of the brain. Some psychoactive drugs affect only one specific neurotransmitter system, whereas others affect many. Morphine, for example, mimics the neurotransmitter beta-endorphin–a natural painkiller found in the brain. Morphine is shaped like beta-endorphin and binds to the beta-endorphin receptors thus acting as a painkiller and also giving rise to feelings of pleasure. Caffeine is shaped like Adenosine and acts on the adenosine receptors. Alcohol on the other hand affects many different neurotransmitters, not just one, Why is this?

Morphine and caffeine are both large molecules. Neurotransmitters are also large molecules. Morphine and caffeine have the effects which they do because of their similarity in shape to neurotransmitters which occur naturally in the brain. Alcohol on the other hand is a quite small molecule. Alcohol does not mimic a neurotransmitter. So then how does alcohol affect neurotransmitters?

Alcohol is a fat soluble molecule. Fats (called lipids) are a major component of all cell membranes, including the cell membranes of neurons. Alcohol enters the cell membranes of neurons and changes their properties. Receptors are located on cell membranes and this means that receptor properties are altered by the presence of alcohol. Cell membranes also control the release of neurotransmitters and this means that the release of neurotransmitters is also affected by the presence of alcohol.

The effects of alcohol on receptors and neurotransmitters have been well documented for several neurotransmitters and their corresponding receptors. These effects are summarized in Table 1.

Table 1: Alcohol’s Effect on Neurotransmitters and Receptors

  • Glutamate
    • Alcohol inhibits glutamate receptor function
    • This causes muscular relaxation, discoordination, slurred speech, staggering, memory disruption, and blackouts
    • Ether and chloroform have similar effects on the glutamate system
  • GABA (gamma-aminobutyric acid)
    • Alcohol enhances GABA receptor function
    • This causes feelings of calm, anxiety-reduction and sleep
    • Valium has a similar effect on the GABA system
  • Dopamine
    • Alcohol raises dopamine levels
    • This leads to excitement and stimulation
    • Cocaine and amphetamine have similar effects on the dopamine system
  • Endorphins
    • Alcohol raises endorphin levels
    • This kills pain and leads to an endorphin “high”
    • Morphine and heroin have similar effects on the endorphin system
  • Drugs like morphine or cocaine have been referred to as “chemical scalpels” because of their very precise effects on just one neurotransmitter system. Alcohol on the other hand is much more like a chemical hand grenade in that it affects just about all parts of the brain and all neurotransmitter systems. Alcohol affects all these systems at the same time. When people drink alcohol they become lively and excited because alcohol raises dopamine levels just as cocaine does, although alcohol does not raise dopamine levels anywhere near as much as cocaine does. When people drink alcohol they feel calm and lose their anxieties because alcohol makes the GABA receptors function more efficiently just like valium does. The reason that people tend to fall asleep after drinking alcohol or taking valium is also due to this effect on the GABA receptor. And alcohol has a painkilling effect like morphine and produces a high similar to morphine because it causes a release of endorphins into the brain thus raising the endorphin levels. (Note that the effect of morphine is different from alcohol in its mechanism–morphine imitates endorphins and binds to endorphin receptors whereas alcohol increases the amounts of the endorphins in the brain.) Finally we come to glutamate. Alcohol greatly inhibits the functioning of the glutamate receptor. Glutamate is responsible for the formation of new memories as well as for muscular coordination. It is alcohol’s effect on the glutamate receptor which leads to slurred speech, and staggering in people who have consumed alcohol, as well as the inability to remember what one did that night when the morning after comes. Perhaps the only positive effect of this effect on the glutamate receptor is a feeling of muscular relaxation. Many negative effects of alcohol such as automobile fatalities due to drunk driving are the result of the loss of coordination caused by alcohol’s effect on the glutamate receptor. Even small amounts of alcohol have a major impact on coordination–so never, never drink and drive.

    You have probably observed that alcohol seems to have different effects on different people. Some people quickly become sleepy after drinking just a little alcohol whereas others become animated and want to just go, go, go. Research on mice suggests that this difference is genetic. Scientists have been able to breed strains of mice which quickly go to sleep after ingesting alcohol. They have also been able to breed strains of mice which become very active after ingesting alcohol. This strongly suggests that genetics determines which neurotransmitter system is most strongly affected by alcohol in which individual. Individuals who become sleepy soon after drinking probably have their GABA system more strongly affected by alcohol. And individuals who become lively and excited after drink probably have their dopamine system most strongly affected.

    The effects of alcohol on the brain do not end when alcohol is completely metabolized and out of the system–what happens next is something called neurotransmitter rebound. This rebound effect is most easily illustrated if we look at what happens to many people when they use a drink or two as a sleep aid. These people often tend to wake up in the middle of the night and find themselves unable to fall back asleep. What is happening is this–alcohol has enhanced the functioning of the GABA system and has made these people feel relaxed and sleepy. The entire time that alcohol is present the GABA system is struggling to overcome the effects of alcohol and return to normal functioning. When all the alcohol is finally out of the body, the GABA system overshoots the mark and leaves people feeling restless and wide awake. This is why alcohol is not a good sleep aid. Large quantities of alcohol can keep a person asleep longer, but drinking large quantities of alcohol has its own negative effects. Neurotransmitter rebound seems also to be implicated in symptoms of hangovers such as hyper-sensitivity to light and in alcohol withdrawal syndrome giving rise to feelings of anxiety and panic and other symptoms as well.

    Some medications used to treat alcohol abuse such as campral and naltrexone work by affecting the neurotransmitter systems. Naltrexone (also called revia) is an opioid receptor antagonist. Naltrexone works by binding to the endorphin receptors (which are sometimes also called opioid receptors) and blocking them off so that opiates cannot bind to these receptors. Unlike opiates or endorphins naltrexone has no painkilling effects and no pleasurable effects. Naltrexone simply blocks off the endorphin receptors so that neither opiates nor endorphins can have their painkilling or pleasurable effects. Naltrexone is highly effective with people who use opiates such as morphine or heroin since these drugs have no effect at all when the receptors are blocked by naltrexone. Naltrexone has some effect in helping people to abstain from alcohol or to moderate their use, however it is not as effective with alcohol as with opiates because alcohol affects many different neurotransmitters. The downside of naltrexone is that the body’s natural painkillers, the endorphins, are unable to do their job when it is present. People taking naltrexone are advised to wear medic-alert bracelets so that doctors will know that painkillers are ineffective on these people.

    Campral (also known as acamprosate) is a glutamate receptor modulator. Campral helps eliminate cravings for alcohol in long term heavy drinkers. It is hypothesized that long term heavy drinking upsets the glutamate neurotransmitter system and that campral helps to restore this to normal.

    No discussion of alcohol and the brain would be complete without a mention of possible brain damage caused by alcohol abuse. It is likely that we have all heard that drinking kills brain cells. However, does scientific evidence bear out this common folk saying? A 1993 study by Jensen and Pakkenberg published in Lancet titled “Do alcoholics drink their neurons away?” compared the brains of alcoholics to the brains of non-alcoholics. This study found that the white matter of the brains of alcoholics was significantly depleted. The gray matter, however, was the same in both alcoholics and non-alcoholics. This is interesting since it is the gray matter that does the thinking. The gray matter has been compared to a network of computers, and the white matter to the cables linking them together. The brain does not produce new gray matter to replace that which is lost. The brain can, however, produce new white matter to replace white matter which has been lost. The researchers concluded that loss of white matter do to heavy drinking may possibly not constitute irreparable damage.

    There is, however, a form of irreparable brain damage which can be caused by long term heavy drinking. This is Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome, also known as “wet brain”. Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndromeis not caused by a loss of brain cells–it is caused by a deficiency of vitamin B1 (also known as thiamine). Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome can have several causes including extreme malnutrition, prolonged periods of vomiting due to morning sickness or an eating disorder, kidney dialysis, stomach stapling, or alcohol abuse. The vast majority of cases of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome which occur in the United States are caused by severe, long-term, heavy drinking. Alcohol can lead to Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome because it blocks the absorption of thiamine. Symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome include amnesia, inability to form new memories, confusion, hallucinations, and confabulation. Some of the more severe symptoms of Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome can be treated with thiamine, however in most cases many of the symptoms persist for a lifetime.

    Have scientists discovered everything that there is to know about alcohol’s effects on the brain? It seems that this is clearly not the case. Scientists believe that alcohol likely affects many more neurotransmitters than the four discussed in this article. There is constant and ongoing research to discover how alcohol might affect other neurotransmitters. The future is likely to bring us much new knowledge about alcohol and the brain.

    Dog Food Poisoning

    One of the most common dog illnesses is dog vomiting and diarrhea. These are both symptoms from one of the more well known and common illnesses that is food poisoning in your dog.

    Dog food poisoning normally comes about due to dog that are let out to wonder or have easy access to bins and garbage areas where they can quite freely rummage around and eat whatever they feel smells nicer.

    Dogs rely heavily on their smell to tell them what to eat and what not to eat, so to a dog, gone off or old food with plenty of germs and bacteria can become a very tempting option, not to mention the many foods that can be harmful to your dog because of the lack of digesting capability your dog has which makes your pet extremely sick in some cases without them fully knowing the consequences of what they are about to eat and digest.

    This in turn makes the garbage area of your home or garden, or even places on the street a very dangerous place for your dog to be left alone and unsupervised. Although in most cases food poisoning in your dog is easily treated and has no long term harm for your dog. It can be a really unpleasant time for your dog where they will need more attention and be more time consuming than normal, not to mention the expense of a simple avoidable trip to the vets for the check-up.

    Having said this there are ways to clear your dog of this condition to help them to a strong recovery, provided you know that it is food poisoning you are dealing with and it has been confirmed by a professional vet, the diagnosis will normally be to fee your dog only water for twenty four hours so your dogs body can be freed of the offending poisoning from the unwanted food, your dog will do this by either vomit or diarrhea.

    If you do not take this action your dog’s body will continue to get rid of any food you feed your dog because the immune system thinks the food entering the body is causing the poisoning thus getting rid of it. This cycle will continue and your dog will be ill and unwell until everything has been emptied out of your dogs system and it can return back to normal again.

    After this you should feed your dog on bland foods and gradually build up to tastier and stronger smelling foods until all is normal again.

    Help! I Might Need a Pacemaker! Is a Heart Attack Next?

    Sometimes people learn they might need a pacemaker and immediately assume that they are at very high risk for a heart attack. In fact, they may even think that they’re getting the pacemaker to protect them from the heart attack they sense is coming.

    Pacemakers help regulate the electrical system of the heart. Pacemakers are typically prescribed to people who have arrhythmias or irregular cardiac rhythms.

    Heart attacks, on the other hand, occur when the tiny vessels that feed the heart muscle with oxygen-rich blood get blocked and portions of the heart muscle are deprived of oxygen for a long time. Depending on how much muscle tissue is involved and how little oxygen gets through, the heart attack may range from mild to severe or even fatal.

    A lot of people hear the word pacemaker and assume that they are at high risk for a heart attack. That is not necessarily the case at all. The two conditions, that is, arrhythmia and heart attack, are distinct and different.

    A healthy heart should beat about once a second in a very carefully choreographed and complicated sequence of events involving upper and lower chambers and even split-second periods of rest within a single heartbeat. If those beats are out of sequence or too slow or too fast, the doctor diagnoses an arrhythmia.

    Arrhythmias are tricky things since they are often intermittent, which is a term doctors like to throw around but which really means that the arrhythmia comes and goes on its own without any discernible reasons. Many people who need pacemakers have intermittent arrhythmias, meaning that their heart rhythm is out of whack some of the time, but not consistently.

    That is why pacemakers operate in standby mode a lot of the time. In the medical device world, the function is called inhibition, but it is the same thing as standby. The pacemaker watches the heart and paces only if the heart needs pacing. As long as the heart is beating normally, the pacemaker simply observes and does nothing.

    Most people who are told they need a pacemaker need the device for quality of life more than anything else. While some arrhythmias can be serious and even life threatening, many are somewhat harmless but they can cause symptoms. How do you know if you might have an arrhythmia? The most commonly reported symptoms include feeling dizzy, lightheaded, fainting or thinking you might faint, being tired, out of breath, or feeling exhausted for no apparent reason.

    For many people, a pacemaker improves their feelings of well-being, gives them more energy, and gets rid of unpleasant symptoms.

    If you need a pacemaker, it does not mean that you are necessarily at risk for other heart disease, a heart attack, or heart failure. On the other hand, this is no free pass.

    If you need a pacemaker, that is a problem involving an arrhythmia. You should still continue to get checked for other signs of heart disease. It is perfectly possible to have more than one heart condition.

    Getting a pacemaker is not a complicated procedure. It is sometimes done on an outpatient basis, but most of the time, a short stay in the hospital is in order. The operation itself typically takes about an hour (for a regular pacemaker with no particular complications) and recovery is about four to six weeks. However, you should talk to your doctor, since every person is unique which means that every medical case is unique, too.

    Millions of people all over the world have pacemakers. They are generally credited with improving the lifestyle and quality of life of the people who have them. Pacemakers have been around for over half a century, working to help regulate irregular heart rhythms.

    PH Balance and Digestive Disorders: Breaking the Vicious Circle

    If you suffer from acid indigestion or acid reflux, chances
    Are your body is unable to rid itself of toxic substances. A
    High acid level in your upper substantive tract is an
    Indication that acid levels are high elsewhere in your body
    Too. In a vicious circle, acid waste creates more acid
    Waste.

    It's important to take immediate measures to reduce your
    Acid level through your body, to achieve a more balanced body pH level. If acid waste continues to take up residence in your body's organs, you will be increasingly susceptible to degenerative diseases such as diabetes, arthritis and cardiovascular disease. Only by neutralizing and then eliminating the pains in your body can you begin the process of healing your digestive tract.

    THE RISK

    The primary symptom of acid reflux is obvious to those who
    Have it. During the digestive process, acid flows up into
    The throat and causes a burning sensation. This is caused by a break in the valve that separates the stomach from the esophagus. It's an indication that the acid-alkaline balance in the digestive tract has been disrupted. Without that balance is restored, any attempt to treat or correct the
    Acid reflux problem will provide nothing more than short-
    Term relief.

    The accumulation of acid in the digestive tract is often the
    Result of eating the wrong types of food. Acid is not caused
    Only by excessive consumption of junk food. Anything
    Processed or overloaded with additives can upset the acid-
    Alkaline balance in the digestive system. Even foods that
    You think are healthy can be very acidic.

    In a digestive tract that's already out of balance,
    Something as simple as cooking your food can lead to further problems. Cooking destroys natural enzymes in the food that assisted with digestion. When your digestive system is unable to produce the necessary enzymes for digestion, the loss of natural enzymes makes the problem worse.

    Lifestyle also contributes to digestive disorders. Stress
    Intensifies hyperacidity. Blood is diverted away from the
    Stomach to the heart, lungs and muscles for the fight or
    Flight response. The stomach is depleted of necessary oxygen and nutrients and can not form sufficient enzymes for proper digestion.

    THE DAMAGE

    Acid reflux irritates and swells the mucous lining in the
    Throat, esophagus and stomach, which disrupted the digestive process. The irritation can form ulcers. The acid-alkaline balance of the digestive tract is also upset, leading to further accumulation of acid.

    The intestines are affected even more severely. Unlike
    Digestion in the stomach, the intestinal digestive process
    Is meant to be alkaline, not acidic. Therefore, the
    Intestinal walls do not have a thick mucous lining that
    Protects from acid as the stomach does. The intestinal walls
    Are meant to facilitate the absorption of nutrients into the
    Bloodstream.

    When acid inflames the intestinal walls, it disrupts the
    Acid / alkaline balance of the digestive tract. It kills off
    The friendly bacteria that aid in digestion friendly
    Bacteria that are no longer present in much of our food
    Supply. The intestinal infection also slows down
    Peristalsis, the contracting of the colon that pushes food
    Along the intestinal tract. Undigested food particles
    Putrefy and lead to greater accumulation of acid.

    The liver and gallbladder are also affected. When the liver
    Becomes overloaded with acidic waste that it can not
    Eliminate, it crystallizes bile and acid waste into
    Gallstones. The gallbladder has difficulty releasing bile,
    Which inhibits proper digestion and further slows
    Peristalsis. Acid levels continue to rise, the liver becomes
    Damaged, and all other body organs become vulnerable to
    Deterioration. Degenerative disease sets in.

    THE BENEFITS OF A BALANCED pH

    The best way to restore pH balance to your digestive tract
    Is to eliminate foods that cause acid reflux. This also
    Means identifying and eliminating foods that cause an
    Allergic response.

    Certain raw foods and whole foods and the right combination of vegetable juices can heal the digestive tract lining and eliminate further accumulation of acid waste. They can heal and prevent the formation of ulcers.

    Supplements that replace the friendly bacteria and the
    Digestive enzymes destroyed by acid can also help.

    Dispelling Myths About Heart Disease

    Misconceptions about cardiovascular diseases — heart attacks, stroke and high blood pressure — have existed for many years and have in effect become myths. Most of them stem from factual observations during the early phase of the current global epidemic and have become deeply rooted in the minds of policymakers, health professionals and the public alike. Since these misconceptions adversely influence the allocation of resources and undermine actions to prevent and control cardiovascular diseases, they need to be firmly squashed.

    Myth 1: Heart disease is a problem of developed countries

    Every year, cardiovascular diseases cause around 15 million deaths in the world (30% of all deaths), and of these about two-thirds occur in developing countries. So the absolute number of deaths from these causes is twice as high in developing countries as in the industrialized world. Over twice as many deaths from stroke occur in developing countries as in industrialized countries; and the numbers of deaths due to heart attacks are equal in poor and rich countries. It is estimated that in China and India combined, which account for half the population of the developing world, between five and six million deaths are caused each year by cardiovascular diseases.

    Myth 2: Heart disease is a problem of the rich

    All societies include “early adopters” and “late adopters” of lifestyle changes. Early in the heart disease epidemic, affluent people in developing countries had the means and the opportunity to adopt new lifestyles, involving behaviour such as choosing foods rich in fat and calories, buying cars and using tobacco. Since these goods have become affordable for mass consumption “unhealthy” behaviour of this kind has become common across all social classes. Today, affluent people, especially the urban rich, have better access to health information concerning risk factors in the media and they also possess the means to modify their behaviour in favour of a healthier lifestyle (healthy diets, leisure-time physical activity, abstinence from tobacco). They constitute the “early adopters”, while the urban poor and rural communities — with limited access to information and little time or money for “healthy foods” and “fitness clubs” — lag behind. As a result, risky behaviour develops, and risk factors increase.

    Recent studies from Latin America and South-East Asia, where coronary heart disease is particularly common, indicate that many coronary risk factors are more prevalent among those with lower socioeconomic standing and that the poor are, indeed, at higher risk of heart attacks.

    In industrialized countries too, where the epidemic began among the urban rich, though some decades earlier than in the developing world, cardiovascular diseases are now more common in the relatively poor. When the worldwide heart disease epidemic fully develops, the poorest countries and the poorest people within society will be the worst affected.

    Myth 3: Heart disease is mostly a man’s disease

    While coronary heart disease is, in general, less common in pre-menopausal women than in men, in many parts of the world it is the most common cause of death in women, even those aged under 65. Heart disease, as well as its risk factors, varies to a surprising degree between populations. For example, women aged 35-64 years in Glasgow, Scotland, and in Belfast, Northern Ireland, have higher heart attack rates than men in some parts of southern Europe, according to a recent WHO study on trends in cardiovascular diseases (the WHO MONICA Project).

    Hypertension and stroke are also major problems that affect women. Given the longer life expectancy of women, they contribute increasingly to cardiovascular deaths and disability after the sixth decade. The result is that, over their entire lifespan, women and men are equally affected by heart attacks and stroke — a fact that has long been neglected by doctors and health professionals, and by women themselves. Furthermore, pregnancy-associated hypertension is an important health problem in the developing world, where it is the major cause of premature birth and perinatal death, and is also responsible for up to one-third of all maternal deaths.

    Myth 4: Heart disease is a problem of old age

    Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases (coronary heart disease and stroke) and hypertension increase with age. But research in industrialized countries shows that about one-third of heart attacks and one-quarter of strokes occur in people below the age of 65. Many of the deaths due to cardiovascular diseases also occur early, one-quarter of them below the age of 70. In the developing world, the situation is even more marked: up to half of all deaths attributable to heart diseases occur in persons younger than 70; and a great number of working-age adults suffer from these diseases. This has an enormous impact on the economic situation of individuals and families as well as on society as a whole, and hampers efforts to alleviate poverty.

    Myth 5: Heart disease is not susceptible to community action

    The predominant factors contributing to the risk of cardiovascular diseases appear to be acquired, and to be lifestyle-related rather than genetic. Risk factors can be modified within a “healthy environment” that supports appropriate lifestyle practices, and most cardiovascular diseases are preventable. The prevention of heart diseases in individuals calls for the active promotion of health in populations.

    Programmes that combine community mobilization with governmental regulation through taxation, legislation and pricing policies have proved to be effective in controlling tobacco and encouraging healthier diets in numerous industrialized countries. From these experiences, it is clear that community, national and even global action are key elements in combating the advancing epidemic of cardiovascular diseases in the developing world. Community mobilization can best be attained through educating the public, patients, professionals and policymakers, based on the advice of health professionals.

    Myth 6: Heart disease is no longer a public health issue

    There is a widespread mistaken belief that the total burden of cardiovascular diseases is diminishing. Despite declining mortality, heart disease remains the dominant public health problem in industrialized countries. Eastern European countries are at present experiencing the highest mortality rates due to cardiovascular diseases. A major cause for concern is the projected rise of these diseases in developing countries in the next century. It is predicted that by 2020 the number of deaths due to heart attacks and stroke in the developing world will have doubled as compared with 1990.

    The reasons for this anticipated acceleration of the epidemic are increasing life expectancy related to a decline in infant mortality, unhealthy lifestyle changes related to industrialization and urbanization, and longer periods of exposure to the risk factors of heart disease because of improved socioeconomic conditions.

    The public health consequences of an uncontrolled epidemic of cardiovascular diseases in the developing world would be disastrous. Not only would millions of productive years of life be lost, but the high costs of technology-intensive management of these diseases would impose a heavy financial burden on affected individuals, their families and society as a whole. The global epidemic needs a global response now, in the form of an international effort to create awareness and stimulate action in all countries and all sectors of society.

    Room For Growth

    Soul, Essence or the Higher Self is not solid. Soul or essence is tone, vibration, and color. Every human being is unique in tone, vibration and color. What is common to everyone is that Essence is Soul, Soul is Eternal, We are Eternal.

    Essence is felt or experienced within the physical body. This occurs now, but recognizing it allows more essence or soul to be embodied, as does removing beliefs and harmful emotions that do not allow more essence or soul.

    What currently limits the ability to experience our Divine essence is a density of vibration. Density is a slowness of vibration and is the consequence of choices for personal gain, harmful emotions, beliefs and limited perceptions and what we eat. Any change or alteration in any of these areas produces room for growth. Room (energetic room) and growth are related.

    While growth or expansion may initially occur in any one of these areas the idea is to expand the awareness of essence until it is experienced at all times. This is possible for everyone. In truth, essence and spirituality are not things to be turned on and off. Our potential is to feel essence, to experience connection in all times, even in times of extreme distress, when we are our most human.

    To do this requires more than a once and a while "showing up." A mature approach of incorporating, feeding, nurturing our eternal self is necessary. That can begin by determining what energetically fills the room we make as we seek to change or grow. Eternal qualities are the fastest way to experience the growth or changes we seek. Healing the heart and eternal qualities go hand in hand.

    When eternal qualities are incorporated, through intention, growth is experienced. Otherwise unconscious habits, choices and responses; Those familiar ways of thinking, believing and responding reassert themselves. We may then mistakenly believe that our efforts were unsuccessful, or come to any number of misunderstandings.