Different Types of Eye Surgery and Their Effectiveness

The use of computer technology in medical science has been extending during recent years. Laser eye surgery has become more and more popular, while non-laser procedures have also improved. Although many people think that LASIK is the only type of refractive surgery, there are in fact various types of eye surgery for correcting vision.

Laser Eye Surgery

These procedures involve the use of a laser to reshape the cornea in order to improve the eye’s ability to focus. There are several types of laser eye surgery, such as LASIK, LASEK, Intralense or PRK.

Laser-Assisted In Situ Keratomileusis (LASIK)

This procedure is used to treat astigmatism, nearsightedness and farsightedness. The surgeon removes a flap through the outer and middle layer of the cornea and then uses an excimer laser to remove tissue under the flap. This type of eye surgery usually takes about one minute per eye.

Laser Epithelial Keratomileusis (LASEK)

LASEK is very similar to LASIK, except for the fact that the flap is cut only from the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium). It is used mostly for patients with thin corneas, who are not eligible for LASIK. It is a newer procedure with a few drawbacks, such as more discomfort and slightly longer healing period.


This type of eye surgery is also very similar to LASIK, except that the surgeon uses an extra laser instead of a blade to create the flap in the outer layers.

Photorefractive Keratectomy (PRK)

This procedure is used to treat astigmatism, nearsightedness and mild to moderate farsightedness. A laser is used to remove tissue from the outer layer of the cornea and correct vision. The surgeon doesn’t cut any flap in the cornea. The surgery usually lasts less than a minute.

Non-laser Eye Surgery

These surgical procedures involve improving vision by cutting into the surface of the eye, reshaping the cornea or using low heat radio waves. Astigmatic keratotomy incisions, intraocular lenses and implantable contact lenses are among the most common non-laser eye surgery procedures.

Astigmatic Keratotomy Incisions

This procedure is used to correct mild astigmatism. Bulgy areas of the cornea are reshaped by using a blade. Many patients undergo such a treatment in conjunction with other types of eye surgery. However, it is now less frequently used than laser eye surgery procedures, such as PRK or LASIK.

Implantable Contact Lenses

These are implantation devices used to treat severe farsightedness and nearsightedness. The lens is placed behind the iris, in front of the natural lens of the eye. Unlike normal contact lenses, you can’t feel them and they don’t need maintenance. The procedure can take from 6 to 20 minutes.

Intraocular Lenses (IOLs)

This type of eye surgery has been around for many decades now and the lenses are usually implanted during a cataract surgery to replace the natural lens of the eye. Years ago, these lenses used to help only with distance vision and patients needed to wear glasses for close vision. However, the method has been improved and now helps with close and intermediate vision as well.

While many surgeons prefer laser procedures and the newest technologies, some still advise a small number of patients to choose a non-laser surgery instead. All eye surgery procedures involve certain risks and have possible side effects, so it is best to consult a physician to fill you in with all the details about each treatment.

Neem, (Azadirachta Indica) as is natures best anti-biotic without any side effects

Neem is an excellent natural remedy for psoriasis. 2 Capsules thrice daily, used for 2 months help in reducing the scales very much and helps in curing the problem of Psoriasis permanently.

Neem in Acne: Acne is a problem caused by excessive hormonal imbalance or fire energy imbalance leading to Pimples. The impurities in blood erupt as tiny pimples or pustules on skin or face. Neem acts as a natural soothing and blood purifying herb. Regular use of Neem for 15-20 days clears away the skin and brings back the natural glow.

Neem in Psoriasis and other skin ailments: Neem has important role to play in Psoriasis. The lesions clear away after regular use of Neem capsules for 2-3 months. The reasons for Psoriasis in Ayurveda is again the accumulation of toxins and impurities within the blood. Neem is natures best blood purifying remedy. Neem capsules in the dosage of 2 capsules twice daily, after meals, with plain water helps a lot in clearing away the Psoriasis lesions.

* Neems medicinal, cosmetic and health care properties have been well known and used for centuries in India. Neem is one of the best bitter tonics in ayurveda which help detoxification and helps enhance the immune system.

* Neem is very useful in skin disorders and helps maintain a healthy, beautiful and glowing skin. Neem has anti-bacterial, anti-fungal and blood purifying properties. It helps maintain healthy circulatory, digestive, respiratory and urinary systems.

Neem in Diabetes:
Neem has been found to reduce insulin requirements by up to 50% for diabetics, without altering blood glucose levels.

Diabetes is an incurable, chronic metabolic disorder that develops when the pancreas can no longer produce sufficient insulin. Blood sugar levels rapidly elevate yet the body is unable to use the energy contained in the sugar leading to weakness and eventually unconsciousness. Diabetes is the leading cause of blindness in people ages 25 to 74, damages nerves, kidneys, the heart and blood vessels and may result in the amputation of limbs.

Neem leaf is a traditional herb for treating diabetes and has been scientifically proven effective in treating and preventing diabetes. Oral doses of neem leaf extract significantly reduced insulin requirements for non-insulin dependent diabetes.

Neem leaf extract have been shown to reduce insulin requirements of diebetics without apparent effect on blood glucose levels. Different studies show insulin requirement reductions of between 20% and 50% for those who take five grams of dried neem leaf capsules. There are even anecdotal reports of diabetics chewing a single neem leaf daily that have been able to eliminate insulin injections completely.

Based on the many studies of neem effects on insulin requirements, the Indian government has approved the sale by pharmaceutical companies of neem tablets for diabetics (Some of these preparations are really nothing more than powdered neem leaves).

After determining an individuals tolerance to neem, the typical treatment for diabetes using neem leaf is one neem leaf capsule in the morning on an empty stomach and one after diner.

Neem capsules have been traditionally used in curing large number of diseases and disorders. It was used in Traditional Chinese medicine & unani medicine for curing skin problems, digestive disorders, dental problems, heart diseases, diabetes etc.

In the modern times, owing to a large number of researches conducted all over the world, leading companies and scientists have proved the efficacy and safety for use as a medicine. Neem and its parts are being used as an active ingredient to manufacture tablets for preventing and curing diseases. There has been a shift in consumer patterns from synthetic drugs to natural ones, as they do not have any side effects. Unlike other medicines, neem compounds like azadirachtin, nimbidin etc are multi functional and multi purpose, so one kind of tablets can be used to treat number of disorders simultaneously.

Properties of Neem Being Used for Capsules
• Anti bacterial
• Anti fungal
• Anti Inflammatory
• Anti viral
• Blood purifying
• Anti toxic

For more details plz visit the site http://www.wilsondrugs.com or http://www.wilsonherbals.com

Do Contact Lenses Make Your Vision Worse?

Whether you are a new user of eyeglasses or have worn glasses your entire life, you may be considering switching to corrective contact lenses. Contact lenses offer comfort in many different ways, and also have an advantage from an aesthetic point of view. No matter what your motivation is, you may be considering contact lenses as an option if you have been diagnosed with or suffer from any of the following conditions:

o Myopia (nearsightedness)

o Hyperopia (farsightedness)

o Astigmatism (distorted vision)

o Presbyopia (need for bifocals)

If you are considering using corrective contact lenses, you should only do so under the strict supervision of a qualified eye care professional – preferably an ophthalmologist or a contact lens specialist. You should be prepared before going in to your eye care appointment by being aware of the different types of contact lenses that are available in the marketplace. This will help give you a head start in choosing the type of prescription contact lenses that are right for you. The types of contacts that are widely available include the following:

o Rigid Gas-permeable Contact Lenses (RGP’s)

o Soft Contact Lenses

o Extended Wear Contact Lenses

o Disposable Contact Lenses

Will my sight worsen if I start wearing prescription contact lenses?

Many people who are considering wearing corrective contact lenses to correct their vision issues are concerned about the possibility of harming their vision further simply by using contact lenses. They may have heard stories or rumors, or may even just have apprehensions about inserting a foreign object into their eye. First of all, contact lenses should be worn only when prescribed by an ophthalmologist, eye care professional or contact lens specialist. Corrective lenses should only be prescribed after a proper eye exam and diagnosis of one of the following: myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism or presbyopia. Involving a professional from the very beginning will ensure that your eye care is appropriate, adequate and safe.

The Answer is NO!

According to the eye care experts, a corrective contact lens prescription will not make your vision problems worse. Many times when a person tries on contact lenses for the first time, there will be an adjustment period. At first the contact lenses may feel a bit uncomfortable and strange. If you are used to wearing regular eyeglasses, you may be taken aback by the fact that your peripheral vision is so much better with the contact lenses. In any case, whether you’re trying the contact lenses as your first option when diagnosed with vision problems or trying them after using glasses for any period of time, the visual improvement you will experience may be extraordinary. This amazing improvement may make vision without the contacts seem much worse than it actually is, especially the longer your eyes are allowed to grow accustomed to them.

This phenomenon can simply be attributed to the fact that the brain now has a reference point for comparing two images directly: the first one with corrective lenses and the latter one without. Prior to this it had nothing to which a real comparison could be made. Because of this, vision did not seem quite as unclear and blurred, when in fact it really was.

The bottom line is, with proper care and use; contact lenses should not affect your vision in a negative way. Using corrective contact lenses under the care of a contact lens specialist will ensure you are minimizing any chances of causing damage to your eyes.

Law Book Review: Land Laws Under Single Shadow

Book’s Title: Lectures on Land Law

Author: Dr. Mohammad Towhidul Islam

Publisher: Northern University Bangladesh (NUB)

First Published: June 2013

Price shown: 500 Taka

Pages: 546

There exists a common perception in our country that laws relating to land are complex and it is expert job to understand and apply the law. Indeed, it is true that the method of land measurement system requires expert knowledge. Moreover, units to measure land are quite peculiar and not universal across the country. On the contrary, because of high growth of population and scarcity of land, land related disputes are increased day by day, which possessed about 80% of our total civil litigation.

However, apart from these scenarios, there is also real scarcity of a single academic book, which contains all aspects of current land laws. Because the area of our land law is gigantic and these subject matters are discuss individually in numerous books. When I started my carrier at an university, I was assigned to conduct classes on land laws. I can remember those days when I felt unaided because of my failure to discover an useful sole book on land laws. Consequently, I suggested a lot of books to my students, which ultimately fall them in a worthless deep ocean, where they just found mostly repealed, scattered, intricate and to some extent valueless laws. I want to give thanks to Dr. M Towhidul Islam, who takes initiative to rescue the students from that bottomless marine by his new book titled “Lectures on Land Law”.

Our customary scholastic land law books typically contain history; the State Acquisition & Tenancy Act, 1950; the Non-Agricultural & Tenancy Act, 1949; provisions of pre-emption; alluvion-diluvion, acquisition-requisition and some other portion of land law individually while this book covers creation, transfer and extermination of land rights in single cover. This discussed book introduces immutable facets of land law under a single shadow, which includes provisions relating to registration, easement, public demand recovery, trust, lease, mortgage, transfer of immoveable property and other inalienable materials concerning real property; though precisely. Normally we studied these topics separately whereas global students follow this pattern to study real estate law all over the earth.

This distinct book also discusses on almost all indissoluble parts of land law i.e. land administration, settlement of Khas land, Khatiyan, mutation, land taxes etc. Author mainly formulates this book by his class lectures, which also reflects in the name of his book. Consequently, the book will be more accessible for the teachers and students to realize multifaceted issues of land law in easy and class friendly way. More importantly, Dr. Islam release them form buying topic wise books. Another reason behind intricacy of land law is use of obscure words and foggy languages even in Bangla books whereas Towhidul Islam constructs every sentence intelligibly. Now students will obtain dual benefit from this single book; one is purely academic knowledge and rest on is practical aspects like dispute, which is more important for a to-be lawyer.

Lectures on Land Law is inimitable because it creates scopes for further discussion and I believe that the author will be able to arise question in readers’ mind and it will help them to increase their curiosity to unveil the untouched corner of land management instead of reluctance and complexity to land matters. In addition, this Asso. Prof. of law also writes his book in such a lucid manner where his prospective readers can find a scope to think from practitioners’ perspective.

First chapter of the mentioned book deals with importance of studying land laws and introductory issues. In next chapters (2-4) the writer enumerates historical development, ownership and land administration in Bangladesh. Chapter five of this book handles with acquisition of Zamindary system and its impact. The next following chapters (6-9) elucidate tenancy rights, record of rights, transfer, consolidation, amalgamation & sub-division of land. Then in chapter ten & eleven, Dr. Islam narrates about registration and procedure of mutation. Subsequently, he inscribes about pre-emption, sub-letting, alluvion-diluvion, easement and prescription in chapter 12-15 respectively. After that, in chapter 16-18 the book illustrates provisions regarding acquisition & requisition of land, abandoned and vested properties. Later, Towhidul explains land taxes, certificate cases and management & settlement of Khas lands in chapter 19-21. At last, in chapter 22 this faculty member of DU articulates process of land reforms that can aid the community to ensure economic and social justice by providing painless and equal access to land and land administration in Bangladesh.

The book is not comprehensive one rather a beginning for further thinking. However, the piece could be a good instrument for the students to cope with current land laws. I trust, it will also be able enough to inspire them to explore untouched corners of land matters and land related injustice of the country. I hope author will insert more illustrations, maps, images, charts, forms & case laws in its upcoming version to make the book more easy for the lay man also. The book is mainly aimed for law students; nevertheless, I expect it will also be a supportive material for academicians, lawyers, judges, researchers, NOGs and interested readers to diminish their inquisitiveness.

What Equipment Do I Need To Open A Salon Or Barber Shop?

Opening a barbershop or even a salon can be a challenging job. There are many rules and regulations governing the industry usually set by the state boards and by the city codes and ordinances. Many cities have barbering educators who are licensed to teach in their shop or school and who have a wealth of knowledge of what’s required in your city to be able to run a violation free shop. They typically love the business and love talking about it. If you can seek out their support you will have an advantage in getting started.

Now lets talk about learning the old fashion way and researching it yourself by reading the rules and regulations. The best sources for finding information regarding specific requirements is from your State Boards or Regulatory Commission. But you still have to deal with your city or town building and occupancy codes to get a “C of O” approval (Certificate of Occupancy). We have compiled an alphabetical list by States and their web addresses related to the regulation of barbering and cosmetology. Remember each state requires different things but some important safety items have been a Sharps Container (used razor blade disposal), certificates / licenses displayed and have on file a MSDS (Material Safety Data Sheet) for every chemical you use.

Lets start with the Basics or MUST have items:

· A shampoo sink / chair combo with hot and cold running water

· A styling chair, all purpose chair or barber chair, one per person

· One hand held or hood dryer with or without the chair

· One work station (wall mount, stationary), per person

· A disinfectant container with disinfectant or sterilizing solution

· Seating accommodations in reception area

· Cabinet for clean towels and supplies

· A receptacle for used towels

· Reception Desk

· Floor Mats

· Child Booster Seat

The best places to get the information you need on the equipment requirements for a Salon or Barbershop is your local Chamber of Commerce and your state board.

The following links are to all of the State Boards:

The Definition, Perspective and Principles of Yoga Therapy

Yoga therapy is hard to define within a few sentences, because of the range and depth of tradition itself, just like yoga, the benefits of yoga therapy can be approached in various ways. It is important to have a rational and fair-minded definition to those people who are not accustomed to yoga, yet still justifiable to those people steeped in this practice as well as philosophy.

Yoga therapy is a special type of therapy that includes different yoga poses, breathing practices, meditation as well as guided imagery to enhance the physical and mental well-being. The main focus of this therapy inspires the unification of body, mind and spirit. This special therapy is the use of yoga where there is a particular health need.

What Are The Applications of Yoga Therapy?

The main application of yoga therapy is from one or more than one standpoints:

(1) The practice of yoga to develop the power of senses, the power of muscles, the power of concentration, gain the power of difficult poses and the ability to work over extended period of time. This is sometimes called the application of Shakti Karma.

(2) The use of yoga and yoga therapy to heal the particular problems, such as reducing impurities from the organs called Dosha or energy centers called Chakras or Channels of the body. This is called Chikitsa Karma.

  • If illness is present, it should be cured, called Chikitsa.
  • If illness is not present, prevention is necessary, called Rakshana.
  • If illness is not present and an individual learnt how to protect himself, then practice is necessary with the help of a trainer, called Shikshana.

(3) The use of yoga postures to go beyond the physical and mental to know or understand what are beyond the limited senses of self, to understand one’s real self untransformed witnessing existence – called Purusha of all which is transforming – called Prakriti. This is sometimes known as the application of Adhyatmik Karma in Sanskrit, and in English called liberation from Maya and Karma, recognizing and worshiping the Lord.

The main ideas of yoga therapy are:

  • Teach the exact things to the person.
  • Variations in various people should be respected.
  • Teaching should consider the place from which pupils come.
  • Each pupil should be taught in accordance with his or her principles, age etc.
  • The way of teaching depends on the time.
  • Depending on the occupation of the pupils, he or she should be taught various things. For instance, a sportsman should be taught in a different way than a scholar.
  • One needs to know the capability of the pupil, how much ability, memory and time to practice.
  • The teaching should conform to the direction of mind.

Benefits of Yoga Therapy

It is amazing to see millions of people these days include yoga in their day-to-day lives. Yoga therapy too is getting favour in the mainstream of emotional well-being, as it focuses on healing the whole body, mind and spirit. It strengthens heart as well as cardiovascular system, body muscles, lungs and nervous system. It improves digestive issues; helps the digestive system function properly and improves oxygen delivery to the body’s tissues.

Additionally, an important thing of this therapy is that it can easily adjust about to any form and style, or the level of individual, for instance old people may find more benefits of yoga therapy practicing Chair Yoga. Despite the fact that yoga therapy is a new form of treatment, it hails from an ancient practice. Because of its clinically proven benefits, these days, most of the physicians are eager to suggest this therapy to their patients. It helps treat a large number of health issues, like anxiety, headache, back pain, depression, insomnia or sleeplessness and much, much more.

Information on obesity and its Impact on Children, Teens and Adults

Information on obesity and its Impact on Children, Teens and Adults (Obesity Information) :

This website provides you the entire obesity information and its effect on children, teens and adults. Here in this site you will find the best review source of entire Obesity information for free of cost.

Obesity information deals with an entire obesity causing factors and its effects on children, teens and adults. Obesity is defined as the accumulation of excess fat in the body. It represents a bad health condition with reduce basal metabolic rate .Obesity has a predominant effect on an individuals life.

Obesity causes many health related problems like cancer, osteoarthritis, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, liver and breathing difficulties. It also causes social and emotional problems. Children suffering with obesity also suffer obesity in adult age, these obesity factors increases health problems with increase in age.

Obesity disease reduces body mass index and life expectancy. Obesity is caused mainly due to lack of physical exercises and proper diet plan. Due to obesity, body metabolism rate decreases which cause more weight gain in the body due to fat storage.

Obesity information consists of:

• Obesity causing factors
• Obesity health risks
• Obesity effects in women
• Obesity effects in men
• Obesity effects in teenagers and children
• Drug treatments for obesity

Obesity causing factors:

• Dietary calories
• Genetic problems
• Sedentary life style
• Infectious agents
• Medical and psychiatric illness
• Social determinants.

But most of the medical practitioner still believes that obesity is mainly caused by more calories intake and lack of physical exercise. These obesity factors increases health problems with increase in age.

Obesity health risks: Due to the obesity factors, lots of people were facing many health risks .These obesity health risks are very harmful to the obese people as it causes many disorders. People with obesity disorder have chances of dying early.

Here is the list of obesity health risks.

• Prostate, Breast, Kidney, Endometrial, Colon, Esophageal and throat cancer.
• Osteoarthritis
• Heart disease
• Type-1,Type 2 diabetes
• Breathing difficulties (asthma).
• Fatty liver disease
• Gallbladder disease
• Chronic Venus insufficiency
• Deep vein thrombosis
• Arthritis

Obesity health risks also include social and emotional problems. These obesity factors increases health problems with increase in age.

Obesity in women: obesity in women causes many problems like menstrual abnormality, infertility, obstetric, miscarriage and gynecological complications. Obese woman have more chances to die earlier than non-obese women. Women have more chances to attain obesity after menopause because excess fat will be stored in thighs and hips by the estrogen levels in the body. This leads them to more health risk problems.

Obesity in men: Generally men have high rate for the occurrence of abdominal obesity which causes several health risk problems like Prostate, Breast, Kidney, Endometrial, Colon, Esophageal and throat cancer, Osteoarthritis, Heart disease, Type-1,Type 2 diabetes , Breathing difficulties (asthma), Fatty liver disease, Gallbladder disease, Chronic Venus insufficiency, Deep vein thrombosis and Arthritis disease. Men at the age of 20-30 years facing overweight with a body mass index greater than 45.They have shorter life expectancy by 12 years. In men we can find abdominal obesity at high rate, because many of them stores fat in the middle of the abdomen. So, men with obesity are generally made up with fat belly. Fat belly represents the metabolic syndrome in men. This metabolic disorder is the main reason for causing health risk problems in men.

Obesity in teenagers and children: Children aged 6-11 years are more affected to obesity due to more calorie intake and lack of proper physical activities. Teenagers are well affected to obesity by taking junk foods and alcohol contents. Teenage obesity became like an epidemic disease due to rapid changes in food transitions and social behavior.

Drug treatments for obesity
: Acai Berry Elite, Slim 365, Proactol, Proshape RX, Hoodia max, Wu-Yi Tea and Hydroxycut are the best drugs to treat obesity, but these drugs cannot control the emotional factors to stop the people from having fat-foods and alcohols.

Obesity information gives the entire brief structure of its causes, effects and prevention. Obesity has a strong impact on children, teenager and adults due to its dangerous health risks. This website gives you the entire obesity information for knowing its causes and its effects.

4 Tips On Creating Your Healthy Eating Plan

To be healthy, the first and most important steps are to accept that you need to make changes to your present lifestyle and eating habits. Once you understand that, the next step is to come out with an action plan to follow.

This action plan should be based upon your personal fitness goals.

Implementing this plan is an important step in your journey towards fitness and health.

By making your goals concrete will help you to be more motivated and sticking to your plan.

Create your personal healthy eating plan by following the 4 tips given below;

1. Be realistic in setting your goals

Do not make the common mistake of setting unreasonable and difficult goals for yourself. Once you are unable to reach your goals, you will feel discouraged and might even give up on your diet plan.

Be more realistic when setting up your goals but that does not mean making it easy for yourself.


If you work long hours, you cannot expect to cook healthy meals all the time.

When creating your goals, think about all this details. Decide exactly how much weight and amount of fat you want to lose. Make them reasonable, neither too easy to achieve nor too difficult to attain.

It is difficult to accurately determine your body fat percentage without using expensive medical equipment, it is better to monitor your change in body fat or muscle with measurements.

Before you start your healthy eating and exercising plan, record the measurements of your waist, hips, thigh and upper arm. And check them again every two weeks or so to monitor your progress.

It is also difficult to accurately determine your caloric needs without using medical equipment. To be sure how much you should be consuming, consult a professional or your personal trainer.

2. Proceed gradually

After you have developed your goals, implement the changes gradually.


Your goal is to stop your habit of eating chocolate with munching on carrots or bananas. But do not cut off your chocolate completely from the first day of your diet plan.

Think on how to gradually reduce the amount of chocolates you eat. This will prevent you from your irresistible cravings.

Eating foods that are both healthy and yummy, encourage you to follow through with your plan. Prevents mindless eating by taking your time when eating and enjoy every bite of the food you eat, helps you realize when you are full.

3. Be honest to yourself

Whenever you concede to your cravings, be honest about it.

Admit that you have eaten things you were trying to avoid and make the effort to make up for it in your next meal. Your integrity helps to cover up for times when you conceded to your craving in foods you had decided not to eat.

It can help you to monitor what you eat everyday and be accountable to your diet plan can also help you to stay on course with your diet.

4. Snacking on healthy foods

Munching on snack between meals help to increase your metabolism but ensures that the snacks you eat are healthy. They help you burn more calories and keep you from overeating.

Snacking on healthy foods also gives you a constant supply of energy throughout the day.

Coming out with an eating plan can take time.

Follow the 4 tips given above to reduce your planning time and by using the ideas to help you create and stick to this plan.

After you have perfected it and vigorously sticking to your healthy diet plan, you will reap the benefits that come with eating a healthy diet.

How Yoga Helps With Weight Loss

If you have a question about whether yoga helps with weight loss and how to lose weight in a sustainable way, this article might help. Losing your weight in a traditional way means losing more calories than the calories you take. You can achieve that with a strict diet plan and a serious body training program or other sports like jogging, swimming, weight training, biking and so on.

However, for those who have some sorts of physical injuries and would like to take a milder approach to exercise while not having to stress yourself out too much on the diet plan, yoga for weight loss might be the answer.


Yoga can burn only 3-6 calories per minute. With a 60 minutes practice session, you will consume only 180-360 maximum. To lose a pound of fat, you need to burn 3,500 calories.

That isn’t close to the weight loss goal, right? Maybe you might want to take another exercise to help you burn more calories but wait. There are many factors why practicing fat burning yoga is useful to you in a long run when it comes to weight loss and gets into shape plan.


1. By practicing fat burning yoga, you get to practice your breath and concentration. In each pose, you get to meditate along the way by focusing on your breath to be in line with the movement of your body. That helps you get more in touch with your body and calm your mind.

It helps you lift up or dissolve your stress and be in the presence with yourself. It helps reconnect you with your soul. By that way, you eventually lose your stress eating habit. And it comes naturally to you.

2. Yoga helps with many areas of your physical fitness. Your balance, flexibility, improved metabolism, and more muscle mass too.

The flexibility is the key to improving your back pain caused by a tight hamstring and overall body aching. It improves energy flow in your body and blood circulation system that makes you more youthful.

3. Practicing yoga helps you get in touch with your body and have more control over it. You feel the good energy flow in your body, and that generates the need to take good care of yourself. You become gradually more careful about what you eat and more inclined to choose healthy food over junks.

4. Yoga is known as an excellent way to stretch and enable flexibility. With the flexibility of your body, you will feel stronger, firmer and more confident.

It allows you to achieve many goals and do many things you want to do including helping you with your sex life. That gives you the happy hormone you need to stay away from unhealthy diet or stress eating.

5. By practicing yoga correctly with the breathing exercise, you get to improve your self-awareness. The awareness helps you to become mindful with what you take into your body and stops you from taking in the bad things you shouldn’t do to yourself.

6. Fat burning yoga doesn’t cost you a fortune. The best thing about yoga I love so much is that it can be done practically anywhere even in a small space. All your investment is a mat, a good guide book or a good DVD to guide you through the poses.

You can do it anytime at your comfort and schedule. However, you need to learn and understand the breathing system and the poses before start practicing on your own as injuries can occur as well as negative result from doing the wrong poses or in a wrong way.

7. Fat burning yoga and yoga, in general, is a gentle workout that can make you sweat a bucket or two. However, as it is so gentle, you can do it as long as you want like 2-3 hours a day and every day a week.

8. The weight loss with fat burning yoga is sustainable. You improve your awareness, your metabolism, your flexibility, your muscle mass and your balance by practicing regular fat burning yoga. These help you achieve the new you and the new habit not just the new body and it is sustainable.

9. One thing, though. The effectiveness of yoga for weight loss is all about releasing your stress, and that helps you become a happier person and equip you with the ability to cope things in your life with a positive attitude. So being able to fit your fat burning yoga practice in your busy schedule with ease and no hassle would be the key to achieving your weight loss goal.

If going to gyms or yoga classes wore you out with the fixed schedule, the packed room and different levels of expertise, you might want to consider a tailor-made program designed for women’s bodies. Follow this link below to discover how you can lose weight and get into shape quickly and more efficiently as well as improving every area of your life by practicing fat burning yoga in just 12 weeks.

Heat Rash – Information About Heat Rash

Heat Rash Information
Although having a heat rash is common, it is likely not as common as many parents believe, who tend to call any red rash their kids have when it is hot outside a heat rash.

Heat rash (prickly heat) is a red or pink rash usually found on body areas covered by clothing. It can develop when the sweat ducts become blocked and swell and often leads to discomfort and itching. Heat rash is most common in babies, but may affect adults in hot, humid climates.

Heat rash can occur at any age but is most common in young children. It often appears in folds of the skin and on parts of the body where clothing fits snugly, including the chest, stomach, neck, crotch, and buttocks. If your child wears hats, the rash may even spread across his scalp or forehead. Heat rash occurs most often in hot, humid conditions, but you may develop it in cool weather if you are overdressed. It’s most common in infants. Active people, newborns in incubators, and bedridden patients with fever also are more likely to get heat rash.

We have provided you here all causes and treatment methods of Heat Rash.

Causes of Heat Rash

The main cause of heat rash is excessive perspiration in a hot and humid environment. The sweat damages the skin cells which in turn form a barrier and traps sweat below the skin where it accumulates causing the characteristic bumps.

The sweat glands in the skin normally work with blood vessels to regulate the body’s heat. When the blood temperature rises, the brain triggers a reflex in the sweat glands to encourage secretion of sweat. Sweating reduces body temperature by releasing sweat to the surface of the skin, where it evaporates and cools the skin.

Heat rash can result any time the body is unable to perspire adequately. Most often, hot weather or exertion triggers the reaction. Wearing tight clothing or overdressing, even in cold weather, may compound the problem.

Heat rash in infants occurs primarily because their sweat ducts cannot transport large amounts of perspiration to the surface of the skin. The sweat remains trapped within the skin, which causes the characteristic inflammation and irritation.

Treatment of Heat Rash

Methods For Treating Heat Rash are :

1. Cool the area. Apply a cold, wet washcloth to the heat rash and surrounding area or soak in a cool bath or pool for at least twenty minutes.
2. Remove all restricted clothing. Tigh pants and shirts; heavy materials; lyrcra and spandex should all be exchanged for light, loose-fitting cotton clothes.
3. After taking a bath or using a washcloth, allow the area to air-dry rather than scrubbing with towels, which can further irritate the skin.
4. If the area itches or is painful, apply a calamine lotion or hydrocortisone cream to the affected area. If the problem doesn’t go away, or if it flares up, discontinue use of any creams or lotions.
5. During the hot season dress your baby in light-weight, soft, cotton clothing. Cotton is very absorbent and keeps moisture away from the baby’s skin.

6. Avoid the use of powders, creams, and ointments. Baby powders don’t improve or prevent heat rash. Creams and ointments tend to keep the skin warmer and block the pores.

How to Prepare Your Family for Any Home Emergency or Natural Disaster

If the power went out at home and someone fell and scraped a knee in the dark, would you know where to quickly find first aid supplies in your home? Would you know how to treat the wound?

It is important that you and your family have certain basic emergency and first aid supplies available at your home so that you can respond to home emergencies and to natural disasters. Your emergency supplies should be organized and kept all in one place where you can access them easily and quickly. Each family member should know where these supplies are and have a basic knowledge of how to use them.

Recommended Emergency Supplies

Here is a general list of the supplies you should have for home emergencies and natural disasters:

1. Supply of prescription and other necessary medications.

2. Flashlight with extra batteries.

3. Portable, battery-powered radio for receiving emergency communications.

4. Waterproof matches, and either long-burning candles or a kerosene-type lamp with extra fuel, all properly stored.

5. Fire extinguisher, ABC or dry-chemical type for all classes of fires. Check the expiration date and be sure you practice and know how to use it.

6. Electrical fuses, if needed for your home.

7. Rope ladder to hold your weight if you need to exit upper floors of your home to ground level, and some additional length of rope for multipurpose use.

8. First aid instruction book.

9. Blankets and sheets. These can be used for warmth, for splints, and for transport of injured persons.

10. First aid supplies:

o Medical-grade vinyl gloves

o Poison ivy relief cream

o Burn relief cream

o Sunscreen, SPF of 30 or greater

o Antibiotic ointment, Polysporin® or similar

o Sting relief lotion or ointment, calamine or similar

o Box of sterile gauze pads, either 3″ x 3″ or 4″ x 4″

o Abdominal (ABD) or combine sterile pad, 5″ x 9″

o Rolled gauze of 2 sizes, 2″ x 4 yards and 4″ x 4 yards

o Bandages of assorted types: finger, knuckle, plastic, Telfa®, and general adhesive

o Sterile oval eye pad

o Small sharp scissors

o Tweezers with pointed tip

o Thermometers, oral and rectal (for babies)

o Elastic bandage, 3″ x 6″

o Instant ice pack

o Roll of adhesive tape, 1″ wide, may use plastic type if preferred

o Triangular bandages, 2

o Package of safety pins, assorted sizes

o Absorbent cotton balls, 1 box

o Diarrhea remedy, Pepto-Bismol® or Kaopectate® or similar

o Popsicle® (craft) sticks or finger splints

o Antibacterial soap, liquid or bar

o Medicine dropper

o Water purification tablets

o Small bottle of bleach

o Sharp knife or multipurpose knife/tool

o Bottles of aspirin, ibuprofen, and acetaminophen (children’s or liquid if needed)

o Splint materials: thin boards 2-3′ long

o Cough syrup and throat lozenges

o Large plastic trash bag and several smaller, zip-closure bags

You may need to add other items that are particular to your climate and to the types of natural disasters that you have in your area. If mosquitoes are a problem or could become one (after a hurricane, for example), you may wish to add mosquito repellent to your supplies. If you have children, be sure to include some favorite toys, games, songs, or books so that your family will be able to have some degree of normalcy if a time of emergency comes.

Other activities and situations may call for additional types of supplies. For example, for a car trip you may need to add roadside reflectors or flares. For camping, you may need to add a small saw, signal mirror, compass, multipurpose knife/tool, whistle, and other pertinent items. For hiking kits include moleskin to prevent and treat blisters. For both camping and boating kits be sure to include aloe vera gel for treatment of sunburn. Hiking kits can be more compact and include only very essential items that can be easily carried in your daypack.

These emergency items need to be stored in a waterproof, durable container and protected from the access of small children. Be sure to check the dates on medications at least annually to make sure medications are current. If you dispose of any medications, do so safely so that children will not find and eat them.

Assembling the supplies listed above may take you some time and money if you have not yet begun. The important thing is to begin now to plan for an emergency. Start by gathering a few of the most important emergency items, then add to your supplies as quickly as your time and money allow. Some packaged first aid kits can be used as a baseline and then additional supplies added as you can afford to do so. A few of the local Red Cross chapters even have facilities for assembling your own first aid kits.

A Family Emergency Plan

Besides emergency supplies, your family should have a plan for how to respond to an emergency. Take time regularly to discuss and practice for emergency situations with your family. Have fire, tornado, or earthquake drills so that children will all know how to safely exit your home and where to gather.

In planning for emergencies, consider what would happen if a parent or another family member were not at home during an emergency. Would the family members at home be able to respond to the emergency? Responsibilities for emergency response should be divided and often duplicated among family members so that regardless of who is at home, the family will still be able to respond properly. You should have a plan for how family members will contact one another if the family is scattered during the emergency. This may include having a prearranged meeting place, a code word, or a relative’s phone number.

Knowledge of first aid procedures will be invaluable for your family during any type of emergency situation. Younger children can learn most of these procedures, even CPR. First aid classes are offered at many locations within most communities. The Red Cross chapter in your community generally will offer a good basic first aid course, several types of first aid handbooks including a wilderness- and boating-specific types, and even first aid kits for purchase or occasionally that you can assemble yourself. The Community Emergency Response Training (CERT) classes are very good for emergency preparation. Neighbors can participate in emergency training together to share their skills.

In preparing your children for emergencies, consider the effect that exposure to repetitive media and news reports of real disasters may have on your children. You may wish to limit such exposure to reduce stress and anxiety. The Federal Emergency Management Agency website has some wonderful material to assist children in learning more about disaster preparedness. They have a program on the website called becoming a “Disaster Action Kid”.

Finally, help your family to know that if they are prepared, they need not fear emergency situations.

Santiago, Chile’s Best Hospitals

Santiago is the capital of Chile and also the largest city of the country. Santiago is the center of finance and trade in Chile and the headquarters of many multinational companies in the country are located here. The city has many well-known shopping centers and high-rise architecture and has become one of the most modern metropolitan areas of Latin America.

Santiago has many good hospitals in both public and private sectors. Many of the leading private hospitals offer world-class health care service, which is affordable too. These hospitals are well equipped and accept all major health insurance companies.

This is a brief description of some of the major hospitals in Santiago.

Clinica Las Condes located at Lo Fontecilla 441 – Las Condes, Santiago is a reputed private hospital in Chile and Latin America that has all modern medical facilities to deliver excellent health care. The hospital founded in 1978 by a famous doctor has now achieved the prestigious Joint Commission International accreditation and has affiliation with Johns Hopkins Medicine International for training. This 220-bedded modern hospital has well equipped specialties in every branches of medicine. The hospital’s surgery department is well known and performs most modern laparoscopic surgery for digestive endocrine tumors, breast surgery using advanced technique like mammography, stereotactic biopsy equipment, and trauma surgery. CLC has facilities in blood bank, clinical laboratory, diagnostic imaging, nuclear medicine and physiotherapy. The hospital has many special centers like anti smoking center, kidney stone, travel medicine, advanced center for epilepsy and spine center. Its new emergency service with separate laboratory system was built under the guidance of Johns Hopkins Hospital,US. This favorite hospital among the foreign patients offers luxurious accommodation and has agreements with all major insurance companies. Phone: (56-2 ) 210 4000

Clínica Alemana is one of the leading private hospitals in Chile and is situated at Av. Vitacura 5951 – Vitacura – Santiago. This hospital was founded by a well-reputed nonprofit foundation-“Sociedad de Beneficencia Hospital Alemán”- that has established many modern hospitals across the country. This 350-bedded hospital with 18 operating rooms offers best medical service to over 35, 000 patients annually by employing more than 700 eminent doctors and 3000 dedicated staff. This multidisciplinary healthcare facility has full-fledged departments in cardiology, ENT, neurology, pediatrics, gynecology, gastroenterology, psychology, bronchopulmonology, physical therapy and many more. Clínica Alemana has many special centers like comprehensive adolescent care unit, breast care center, center for oral and maxillofacial surgery, round the clock blood bank, radiation therapy center, maternity ward, and five well-equipped ICUs. This hospital possesses an outstanding diagnostic imaging department with service in radiology, ultrasound, nuclear medicine, mammography, MRIs, Computed Tomography and angiography. The hospital staffs some of the best surgeons in the country and its surgery department has five different kinds of operating rooms (OR) including main operating room, cardiology OR, obstetrics/ gyn OR. The hospital has well equipped emergency department with separate general emergency room and pediatric emergency room. Clínica Alemana offers comfortable accommodation in various rooms and suites including rooms for non-paying patients and provides all modern facilities. Phones: (56-2) 210 1111

Hospital San Juan De Dios situated at Huérfanos 3255, Santiago, is another major hospital in the city that offers complete and cost effective medical service. The Western Metropolitan Health Service manages this service-oriented polyclinic, founded in 1954.This is also a premier teaching hospital and has affiliation with the University of Chile. Hospital San Juan De Dios has four large buildings and staffs 332 doctors and 17 dental practitioners. The hospital has lounges and restrooms for users, well-equipped coronary care unit, new custom delivery rooms and modern Surgical ICU. The hospital has adult and children sub specialties in all major departments. The hospital has an emergency sector featuring 3 focus rooms of 19 beds, an observation room, a modern recovery room and a procedures room. Hospital San Juan De Dios has implemented AUGE system to improve care for the sick and included more than 50health problems in this like chronic renal failure, cancer, rheumatoid arthritis, advanced palliative care and congenital heart diseases in children. Phone: (0)2 360 1053

How to Treat Phlebitis with Herbal Remedies

What is Phlebitis?

Phlebitis (fle-BYE-tis) means inflammation of a vein. Thrombophlebitis is the term used when a blood clot in the vein causes the inflammation. Thrombophlebitis usually occurs in leg veins, but it may occur in an arm. The thrombus (clot) in the vein causes pain and irritation and may block blood flow in the veins. Phlebitis can occur in both the surface (superficial) or deep veins.

Superficial phlebitis affects veins on the skin surface. The condition is rarely serious and, with proper care, usually resolves rapidly. Sometimes people with superficial phlebitis also get deep vein thrombophlebitis, so a medical evaluation is necessary.

Deep vein thrombophlebitis affects the larger blood vessels deep in the legs. Blood clots (thrombi) can form, which may break off and travel to the lungs. This is a potentially life-threatening condition called pulmonary embolism.

Causes of Phlebitis

The most common cause of the disorder is trauma to the vessel wall caused by an injury to the vein. Phlebitis might also be the result of prolonged inactivity or a sedentary lifestyle. People who sit and recline for long periods of time, for instance, a long trip in a plane or bed rest for a prolonged illness are at an increased risk of contracting the disease. Other causes of phlebitis include obesity, smoking, pregnancy, certain birth control pills, intravenous drug use and certain medical conditions like cancer.

What are the symptoms of Phlebitis?

Superficial phlebitis

  1. There is usually a slow onset of a tender red area along the superficial veins on the skin. A long, thin red area may be seen as the inflammation follows the path of a superficial vein.
  2. This area may feel hard, warm, and tender. The skin around the vein may be itchy and swollen.
  3. The area may begin to throb or burn.
  4. Symptoms may be worse when the leg is lowered, especially when first getting out of bed in the morning.
  5. A low-grade fever may occur.
  6. Sometimes phlebitis may occur at the site where a peripheral intravenous (IV) line was started. The surrounding area may be sore and tender along the vein.
  7. If an infection is present, symptoms may include redness, fever, pain, swelling, or breakdown of the skin.

Deep vein thrombophlebitis

  1. This can be similar in presentation to superficial phlebitis, but some people may have no symptoms.
  2. The classic signs and symptoms include redness, warmth, swelling, and pain in the leg.
  3. One may have pain and swelling throughout the entire limb. For example, one side of the lower leg may swell for no apparent reason.

How to cure Herbal Remedies to Phlebitis?

A natural alternative for the prevention of blood clots includes the use of herbal and homeopathic remedies. These remedies contain  gentle, natural ingredients, and promote balance in all body systems.

Make a hot poultice of fresh marigold and apply to the affected area three times a day. To make the poultice, boil fresh marigold in 1 quart of water for 20 minutes. Strain the herb and soak a towel in the liquid. Elevate the affected area and apply the hot towel, allowing the towel to cool completely before removing.

Apply Vitamin E oil to the irritated area with gentle massage to help speed the healing of phlebitis. You should also take Vitamin E capsules, beginning with 300 IU and gradually increasing to 800 IU over one week to improve blood circulation and prevent, relieve and even correct phlebitis.

Massage witch hazel ointment into the affected area three or more times a day. Witch hazel is an effective herbal medicine to reduce phlebitis, however you will need to use the ointment for at least 2 weeks before you see results.

Drink bilberry juice every morning, an herbal medicine used for many ailments. Bilberry juice supports the formation of the body’s connective tissue and strengthens blood capillaries, helping to prevent phlebitis. Bilberry juice can be purchased in your local health food store and should be taken as directed by the manufacturer.

Internal Medicine: Characteristics You Want in This Type of Doctor

Having a chronic issue that just won’t resolve itself on its own is extremely frustrating. And while you may have gone to doctor after doctor, it may be time to see someone in internal medicine.

A physician in internal medicine has more specialized education as opposed to a general practitioner. In addition, this doctor does not focus on things like pediatrics or obstetrics. The main role of this doctor is to diagnose, treat and prevent issues associated with all areas of the adult human body. So when trying to find one to fit your needs, be sure to keep a few things in mind.


The whole reason for seeing a doctor in internal medicine is to get an answer to some of your most troubling health conditions. When you’ve exhausted all other options, such as family doctors or general practitioners, an internist is the next logical step. These doctors have made careers out of solving complex medical problems in adults. So be sure to explain the issues you’re having as well as make sure your internist has all your past medical history. This way, he or she can have a leg up in trying to figure out the root of your problem. In addition, a doctor in internal medicine has gone to school for at least seven or eight years, has passed a board exam as well as focused on a particular area of study, so he or she is well prepared to handle your problem, depending on what it is. For instance, if your issue deals with the heart, then you’d want to see a cardiologist. On the other hand, if you have reproductive issues, a reproductive specialist is best.

Good Communication

In addition to expertise, it’s essential that you have great communication with your doctor, especially when it comes to internal medicine. That’s because this doctor has the knowledge and experience to help you figure out what’s causing your issue. Yet, you want him or her to be patient and really listen to your issues. These doctors see numerous patients each day, but that doesn’t mean you should feel rushed through your visit. So when deciding on a good internist, pay attention to how he or she talks with you as well as listens. If you feel like your doctor has not given you the time you need, then you need to keep looking, because communication is key when trying to find a doctor in internal medicine.


When you’ve been referred to an internist, this means your general practitioner hasn’t had any luck figuring out what’s causing your problem. Or if he or she knows the problem, maybe they don’t know how to treat it; yet an internist will. Unfortunately, if your internist cannot see you until two months from now, then that’s a problem. Depending on your issue, you could possibly wait, but for most people, this is not acceptable. Instead, you should keep searching until you can find a specialist that can see you in a decent amount of time. Also, whenever you do find a good doctor in internal medicine and schedule an appointment, you want him or her to honor your appointment time. If you’re always waiting over an hour to see your physician, you may need to start a search for a new doctor.

How Much Does A Video Biography Cost?

I am going to let you in on some pricing secrets in relation to video biographies or “family history documentaries”, as they are sometimes known. How much should you expect to pay and what can you hope to get for your hard-earned video biography money?

Video biographies are gaining in prominence as a feature item for an anniversary, reunion or a significant birthday. Often there is no such occasion, just a desire to capture Mom or Dad’s stories, or some family genealogy, before it’s too late. As a recent survey by Allianz Insurance discovered:

“Eighty-six percent of boomers (age 47-66) and 74 percent of elders (age 72+) agree that family stories are the most important aspect of their legacy, ahead of personal possessions (64 percent for boomers, 58 percent for elders) and the expectation of inheritance for financial well-being.”

So, if you are reading this, you probably need no convincing about the importance of a video biography (or “family documentary video” if you prefer that terminology) and you are starting to get serious. But how much does a video biography cost? No point asking for something you can’t afford, right?

The price of a video biography? Pretty much whatever you want. (Wait! Don’t run away. I am going to blow up video biography “omertà” and give you actual market prices, just hang in there). But I do have to say that the price or cost of a video biography will depend on the features you would hope to include. Makes sense, right? But even better than that, it needn’t cost a penny.

The Zero Dollar Video Biography Pricing Option

The most important part of any family history project is to just get started. And you should never let funds stop you from starting – these are projects of passion, not cashion (if you get my drift). And you actually can do quite a good job on your own.

You will need a decent video camera (promise me you won’t use your phone or your laptop – unless you really, really have no other options); also the owner’s manual; a lavalier mic.; and a tripod. Oh, and a bright room with no direct sunlight on your subject. There is ample guidance on the web, just try Binging “DIY family history video” to see some of the tips I have given elsewhere and then try “video biography questions”. Your are on your way!

You may not have a family history documentary with this no-cost option, but you have saved a life through video.

The Actual Dollar Video Biography Cost Options

OK, I suspect if you are still reading then your have in mind to contact a professional video producer. How much will that set you back?

First, let’s distinguish between an amateur or friend; a wedding videographer and a family history professional.

Family History Videos By Friends and Family

An amateur or friend kind of fits into the “Zero Dollar Video Biography Pricing Option”, but they might charge you three or four hundred dollars for their equipment and their time. Or if not, you should think about paying them anyway. This should be especially so if in addition to interviewing and filming, you are going to ask them to ingest the video, edit it just a bit, and output it somewhere.

This stuff is fiddly and time consuming and it’s really not fair to ask them to do all that for free. Also, if you decide to rely on their best intentions you may find that delivery of the finished product gets a little held up!

Family History Videos By Wedding Videographers

This can be a pretty good option, especially if you are prepared to work closely with the videographer in relation to setups, questions, images and the like. A number of wedding videographers are attracted to family history video work because it allows them to film during their relatively quiet weekdays (weddings are shot, almost always, on weekends).

Most reputable wedding videographers who have been in business for – let’s say 5 years – really know their stuff. They can shoot with multiple cameras, know all about lighting, often have dollies and cranes, a modern editing suite, and are almost always terrific still photographers, and usually do great audio.

Now, you may not need all of their core talents (intimate knowledge of the tried and tested wedding and reception stages, wedding slow-pans, rack focusing from flowers to the bride’s mother etc). And they may not have lit, miked, and shot a video biography interview before. Perhaps check to see if they have much in the way of oral history training and have access to the institutional resources and knowledge base of a group like the Association of Personal Historians. But they are almost certain to be personable (hey, they are still in business in a very tough industry) and will not frighten grandma! And as I said, they really know their equipment and can be highly trained.

My best advice? Try to get the main person who owns the shop to do the work. And keep in mind the features and options I will cover below. Keep in mind too that wedding videographers often have a decent size crew of part-timers for weddings and sometimes use goodly folks like fire fighters for “second or third camera”. No disrespect to firefighters, but for something as important as a video biography you want the very best they have (which might actually be the firefighter).

You can expect to pay around $3,000 or $4,000 for a decent wedding videographer filming for the best part of a day and doing some solid editing, image work, and delivery on BluRay, DVD or hard drive (maybe more, or even less, depending on the features you require). And here’s the thing: it will almost certainly look absolutely fabulous (an unhappy bride’s mother is an unhappy client!).

Family History Videos By A Video Biographer

Specialist video biographers are not more or less expensive than a wedding person, we are all professionals after all with cost structures and overhead and the expectation that we get to feed our kids! By and large, for the same work, our charges should be similar.

But where video biographers may part company with wedding videographers is that they are likely to include a little more. Some of these features include:

Length of fully edited final product: The longer the finished product, the higher the price. Editing and creating non-interview content is time-consuming. Also, video biographers tend to prefer a longer finished product – reasoning that this is important family history!

Time spent in pre-production: The longer the time, the more you will pay. Serious video biographers like to spend 10 hours or much more time in pre-production: meeting the client; meeting the subject; talking to all the kids (to make sure we get the stories they like and remember); doing basic family and ancestry research; unearthing artifacts and sounds; scouting locations and the like.

The number of historical photos to be included and work cleaning up and repairing those images. Not all videographers are formally trained in Photoshop and know how to bring out the best in the images to create a true personal documentary (as opposed to simply showcasing a “talking head”).