Fishing Charters: Taking You Fishing

Many waterfront cities with their restaurants, beaches, walking trails tracing rich history, parks are great holiday destinations. But there is also the rather unique recreation of going fishing or angling as it is known. This is more a sport than anything else. Many Pacific rim countries have a rich variety of more than 415 species of fish. This is because of the ‘seagrass meadows’ that are present. These unusual marine flowering plants provide sustenance to many aquatic animals including the fish.

The harbours attracts anglers, both professionals and first timers to its fishing charters which are expeditions into the harbor on board comfortable boats accompanied by qualified guides who will teach you to prepare bait hooks and angle for fish. They take you during all times of the tide, to the best places for a catch, educate you about the types of fish you might catch, and even help you to fillet your catch!

The boats are sturdy with a canopy to shade you from the sun and rain and ample deck space to take a leisurely walk. The guides know every small wharf and the timings of the tides, where to get the best fish, so much so that within twenty minutes of setting out, a fish has already bitten the bait, when in fact, angling is supposed to teach you patience if not anything else.

Some FAQs about fishing charters:

  • How do you book a fishing charter?

One can book online. There are many different packages available, for single anglers, for families, for groups, for half a day and for a full day. One can choose a convenient package as per their comfort and convenience.

  • What do the fishing charters provide?

They provide all the fishing gear like rods, reels and tackle as well as the bait. They also provide raincoats in case of rain.

  • What should the guests bring along with them?

They should bring their food, water, sunscreen and preferably wear long sleeve shirts, light footwear and a hat, and of course a camera to take pictures and make memories which will last lifetime.

  • Do they allow only one or two species of fish to be caught?

No they are in the business because there are a variety of fish which are available. Variety makes it interesting. Most of these fish are catch and release, so that makes it more of a sport than anything else. They also clean the catch, if it is to be eaten.

  • Do they have child size rods and tackle?

The children are able to handle the rods and tackle once they are taught by the guides. Customers are allowed to bring their own rods also. So it is very safe for children and elderly as all safety precautions are taken to ensure safety of our customers.

  • What if the weather is really bad?

In that case, the fishing charter is rescheduled to any convenient date desired by the customer or the money is refunded.

How to Cure PE – Premature Ejaculation is Easily Treated If You Know How

How to cure PE? It’s a question that many men seek the answer to. But it’s also an easily solvable problem if you know how.

Short Term Fixes

There are many short term fixes that you can use tonight.

One of the most basic is to simply masturbate before sex. Ideally around 20 minutes prior but if you cannot schedule this then a longer period will still give you an advantage in the bedroom.

Another way is to use a condom. Even a regular condom will stop you going over the “edge”. Better still, look for a delay condom, for instance the Durex Performax or the Trojan Extended Pleasure. Both of these work very well.

Alternatively, you can try the natural approach. Different positions work well, especially where the woman controls the penetration. Both of you will also have better access to her clitoris.

The Cause Of PE

To learn how to cure PE, we must first understand it’s cause.

It is generally agreed that premature ejaculation is a purely mental problem. It originates as a man’s anxiety about his performance in the bedroom.

The more he worries then the more likely it actually becomes. All it takes is a small amount of anxiety for it to snowball into full blown premature ejaculation.

Don’t blame genetics or diet or other environmental factors because it has nothing to do with that.

Long Term Cures

The best long term cures tackle directly the cause of PE, the anxiety, and they also fix it for good.

One cure is antidepressants. These will definitely take away the anxiety. However, I don’t recommend these because for one they only work whilst the drugs are taken. Secondly, if a guy is otherwise happy and healthy but only has anxiety in the bedroom, why give him mood altering drugs that affect his every waking minute? It seems like too heavy handed a treatment, in my opinion.

There are a couple of other techniques that can be used that are natural and address the problem of anxiety. These are the best because they don’t involve any drugs or special aids.

Laparoscopic Hernia Repair surgery in India with Health Care medical tourism

Medical Tourism in India is one of the best options available to people across the globe for Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery. Millions come every year to get treated and then enjoy their recuperative holidays across India. People from different walks of life cut across the entire span of the globe to come to India to have their treatments done with complete peace of mind. India pro vides world class medical facilities with hospitals and specialized multi specialty health centers providing their expertise in the areas of Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery. India has one of the best qualified professionals in each and every field and this fact has now been realized the world over. Regarding Medical Facilities, India has the most competent doctors and world class Medical Facilities.

Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery is rapidly gaining popularity in the West and in India despite early criticism of the futility of this procedure since Open hernia repair is being done for centuries with ‘excellent’ results then why complicate issues with this new technique is what most people ask. Most surgeons would agree that Laparoscopic re move al of gall bladder is now the best way of treating gall stones and gall bladder diseases but for hernia repair, they still have their reservations. A hernia commonly occurs in the groin when the fat and intestines from the tummy force their way out of a defect in the muscle. Bulging out of tummy contents through this causes pain and there is a danger of the intestine getting strangulated. The problem increases with time and unfortunately the only treatment for this condition is surgery. This traditionally involves a cut over the hernia, reduction of the contents back to the tummy and some form of stitching of the defect to pre vent the hernia from coming back. The main problem with a hernia operation is the average six weeks of rest after surgery and the chance of the hernia coming back (failed operation that is known in medical terms as a recurrent hernia). Many proud surgeons would say that their patients don’t get recurrent hernias but studies a broad have shown that a patient with recurrent hernia seldom goes to the same surgeon.

Causes of Hernia, as Indian Doctor’s:

The wall of the abdomen has natural areas of potential weakness. Hernias can develop at these or other areas due to heavy strain on the abdominal wall, aging, injury, an old incision or a weakness pre sent from birth. Any one can develop a hernia at any age. Most hernias in children are congenital. In adults, a natural weakness or strain from heavy lifting, persistent coughing and difficulty with bowel movements or urination can cause the abdominal wall to weaken or separate.

Treatment options in India for laparoscopic hernia repair surgery:

There is no acceptable surgical medical treatment for a hernia. The use of a truss (hernia belt) can help keep the hernia from bulging but eventually will fail. The truss also causes the formation of scar tissues around the hernia making the re pair more difficult. If you suspect you have a hernia, consult your physician or surgeon promptly. Delayed hernia repair can result in intestinal incarceration (intestine is trapped inside the hernia sac) or strangulation (intestine is trapped and develops gangrene). The latter is a surgical emergency. The hernia will not go away with out treatment; it will only get bigger. The bigger the defect the bigger the operation required to fix it.

Under certain circumstances the hernia may be watched and followed closely by a physician. These situations are unique to those individuals who are at high operative risks (i.e. those with severe heart or lung disease or bleeding problems). Of course, even in the high risk person, if the symptoms become severe or if strangulation occurs, then an operation must be per formed.

Advantage of laparoscopic hernia repair surgery over open surgery in India:

Laparoscopic Hernia Repair is a technique in India to fix tears in the abdominal wall (muscle) using small incisions, telescopes and a patch (mesh). It may offer a quicker re turn to work and normal activities with a decreased pain for some patients.

  1. Some people may prefer laparoscopic hernia repair because it causes less pain and they are able to re turn to work more quickly than they would after open re pair surgery.
  2. Repair of a recurrent hernia of ten is easier using laparoscopic techniques than using open surgery.
  3. It is possible to check for and re pair a second hernia on the opposite side at the time of the operation.
  4. Because smaller incisions are used, laparoscopy may be more appealing for cosmetic reasons.

What if operation can’t be per formed by laparoscopic method in India?

In a small number of patients the laparoscopic method cannot be performed. Factors that may increase the possibility of choosing or converting to the “open” procedure may include obesity, a history of prior abdominal surgery causing dense scar tissues, in ability to visualize organs or bleeding problems during the operation. The decision to perform the open procedure is a judgment decision made by your surgeon either be fore or during the actual operation. When the surgeon feels that it is safest to convert the laparoscopic hernia repair procedure to an open one, this is not a complication, but rather a sound surgical judgment. The decision to convert to an open procedure is strictly based on patient safety.

Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery: Procedure in India

In laparoscopic hernia repair surgery, a telescope is attached to a camera is inserted through a small incision that is made under the patient’s belly button. Two other small cuts are made (each no larger than the diameter of a pencil eraser) in the lower abdomen. The hernia defect is re in forced with a ‘mesh’ (synthetic material made from the same material that stitches are made from) and secured in position with stitches/staples/titanium tacks or tissue glue, depending on the preference of your individual surgeon.

Risks of Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery in India:

  1. Any operation may be associated with complications. The primary complications of any operation are bleeding and infection, which are uncommon with laparoscopic hernia repair.
  2. There is a slight risk of injury to the urinary bladder, the intestines, blood vessels, nerves or the sperm tube going to the testicle.
  3. Difficulty urinating after surgery is not unusual and may require a temporary tube in to the urinary bladder.
  4. Any time a hernia is repaired it can come back. This long term recurrence rate is not yet known. Your surgeon will help you decide if the risks of laparoscopic hernia repair are less than the risks of leaving the condition untreated.

India offers World Class Medical Facilities, compare able with any of the western countries. India has state of the art Hospitals and the best qualified doctors for surgery of Laparoscopic hernia repair surgery in India. With the best infrastructure, the best possible Medical facilities, accompanied with the most competitive prices, you can get the treatment done in India at the lowest charges. Health care centers of Delhi, Goa, Mumbai and Kerala have best avail able facilities for the laparoscopic surgery. For more information regarding laparoscopic hernia repair surgery in India, log on to: or mail your queries at , +91-9579129423

How to Buy the Medicine and Supplements You Need

There is a wide array of medicine and supplement products being sold on the Internet now. The variety can be dizzying. To find the items you need, break them down into five main categories: allergy relief, vitamins and supplements, digestive health products, pain and fever reducers, and topical medicines.

Allergy relief products are essential for many people when the air quality is poor. You might need them if you are sensitive to pet dander and you have to be around someone's animal. Virtually everywhere you go, there are dust mites, and so if you have that allergy, you will need allergy relief medicine to help you regularly.

You can find name brand antihistamines and other allergy relief medicine online at very reasonable prices. If you look for the lesser known brands, you will see an even bigger savings. Be sure to read all the warnings to make sure it is safe to take these medicines.

Vitamins and supplements are everywhere on the web. It seems that everyone has some to sell. Regardless of what many wellness companies will tell you, you may not need all the vitamins and supplements that they offer. Look for the ones that specifically meet your own individual needs.

You will want a multivitamin. If you are pregnant you will want to prenatal vitamins, and if you are at risk for eye diseases, you will want ocular vitamins. Other supplements depend on the conditions you have as well. Not everyone needs a calcium supplement or a cranberry pill, but you might. Find the supplements that help your own problems.

Digestive health problems are difficult to live with, even occasionally. It helps to have medicine on hand so that you will be ready when you need it. There are products to stop intestinal or stomach gas. Other medicine stops diarrhea. Look for heartburn relief products for your medicine cabinet.

For pain and fever, make sure you have plenty of medicine ready at home. You never know when you or a loved one will have aches or pains. Acetaminophen or ibuprophen are good choices. For a particularly strong pain, you may want to have heat wraps available.

You can even get topical medicine online. Anti-fungal creams are great for athlete's foot, jock itch, and ringworm. Antibacterial ointments work for all kinds of cuts, scrapes, and sores. Look for packages that have an extra tube so that you can carry one in your car or purse.

Buying medicine and supplements online is a tricky business. You have to be sure you are dealing with a reputable company. Perhaps, that is the most important thing to learn about before you buy from an Internet store.

Handling Back Pain

If you’ve ever groaned, “Oh, my aching back!”, you are not alone. Back pain affects 80% of Americans at some time in their lives. It comes in many forms, from lower back pain to neck pain to sciatica. Back pain is not a diagnosis — it’s a symptom of an underlying condition. Back pain can range from a dull, constant ache to a sudden, sharp pain. Acute back pain comes on suddenly and usually lasts from a few days to a few weeks. Back pain is called chronic if it lasts for more than three months.

On the bright side, you can prevent most back pain. Simple home treatment and proper body mechanics will often heal your back within a few weeks and keep it functional for the long haul. Surgery is rarely needed to treat back pain.

Conditions leading to Back Pain

Stress or injury of the back muscles, such as…

back sprain or strain

overload of the back muscles caused by obesity

A spinal tumor or cancer that has spread to the spine from elsewhere in the body

Infection, which may be in the disk, bone, abdomen, pelvis or bloodstream

Kidney stones or a kidney infection

Short term overload of the back muscles caused by lifting or pregnancy

Disease or injury, including injury to the…

back bones (vertebrae), such as a fracture (for example, after trauma or as a result of osteoporosis)

Treatment and relief from Back Pain

Once upon a time, doctors told people with low back pain to stay in bed for three days — perhaps with a board under their mattress. That very bad advice actually made back pain worse Most people with low back pain have an acute pain episode. But up to a third of patients report persistent pain of at least moderate intensity — chronic low back pain.

A panel of experts found evidence that different patients can get relief from a wide variety of treatments. These treatments include Cognitive-behavioral psychotherapy, Exercise therapy, Spinal manipulation from a chiropractor, osteopath, or physical therapist, Intensive interdisciplinary rehabilitation (physical, vocational, and behavioral therapies provided by multiple providers with different clinical backgrounds), Acupuncture, Massage therapy, Yoga, Progressive relaxation, etc.

Tense rigid muscle often impacts on nerve tissue. its a good idea to have a massage. if you find this helps then try a more long term benefit such as sports therapy massage as it is more specific to an ailment or area. when the muscle relaxes the nerve will start transmitting messages correctly.

Sports therapists use pressure technique to relax muscles. similar to acupuncture. the differences is it is a hands on approach where they seek out knots and press on them while stretching and rotating the afflicted area in its natural movements while supporting the limb or body part.

It is quite important to get rid of the problem as soon as possible. the longer it is left untreated, the greater the inflammation resulting. It is a process of tissue edema encroaching on the nerve supply. The primary cause to bring this condition about is generally attributable to postural changes. or injury. In either case, is most rapidly reduced with care by a doctor of Chiropractic.

Take a belt, draw your knees to you belly and put the belt (like a belt from a house coat) around your back and knees for about ten to 15 mins. It will blow your mind how good it feels. If you have to do it one knee at a time.

If you’re on your feet, buy a better pair of shoes. If you’re overweight, lose some weight – even a 10% drop in weight will help dramatically.

You Can Learn to Be Rich

Anyone can learn to be rich, it just takes the right training. If you want to learn how to become a doctor you can’t go and study the inner workings of a car engine and expect to be a good doctor. In the same way if you want to be rich you will need to study money and you will need to increase your financial intelligence. Although this may sound a little daunting it is not that difficult and it can help you to work less, earn more and live a happier life.

If you want to learn to be rich you need learn financial intelligence. Financial intelligence involves a few different things. You need to understand how money works so that you can make more money, hold on to more of your money, get a better return for you money, work less for your money and so you can leverage your money. It is impossible to cover everything you need to know in just one article. But I am going to go over the basic things you need to learn if you want to become rich.

You Need To Know How To Earn More Money

By earning more money I do not mean that you need to go back to college in order to become a doctor or lawyer (or some other specialist) so that you can earn a large wage working for money. The type of earning I am talking about can be done by anyone no matter what your current wage is.

In order to be financially free your passive income (income you don’t need to work for) needs to be greater than all of your expenses. No matter what your wage is you can begin to increase your income by purchasing assets that generate an income. The rich get richer because they buy assets that generate income first, and then they use the income generated from their assets to pay for their expenses and liabilities. If you want to be rich you need to learn how to earn more passive income by purchasing assets that create more cashflow.

You Need To Know How To Keep More Money

A lot of people fail to become rich because money gets taken out of their pocket as fast as it goes in. One of the biggest expenses in your life will be your taxes. Working for someone else you have very little control over how much you pay in taxes. In fact the government now takes your taxes from you BEFORE you get paid. But there are ways you can legally minimize your tax payments so that you can have more money to invest and you can become richer quicker.

In order to become rich you need to learn how to keep more of your money and how to stop people putting their hands in your pockets and taking all your money before you get a chance to invest it.

You Need To Know How To Budget Your Money

Most people only know how to budget for a deficit. Meaning that there is more money going out than their is coming in. Because they only know how to budget for a deficit they are constantly getting in more and more debt and their expenses are constantly going up. They are therefore tied to their job and they have to work harder and harder just to make ends meet.

If you want to be rich you need to learn how to budget for a surplus. Being frugal in order to have money plays a small part, but really you need to focus on increasing your income by buying assets that generate you income. By using your money to buy assets that generate you income you are always increasing your wealth. You can then use that income to purchase your liabilities such as cars and clothes. So it is important that you learn to budget for a surplus so you can constantly have more and more money to invest.

You Need To Know How To Buy Assets

Once you have at least learnt how to budget your money so their is some left over to invest you need to know what an asset is and you need to buy assets. Rich people get richer because they buy assets that generate them income. Assets put money in your pocket and liabilities take money out of your pocket. You can define an asset and a liability this way. If you were to stop working an asset would pay you and a liability will take your money away. If you want to be financially free then you need to know the difference between assets and liabilities and you need to buy assets.

You can learn to be rich easily by learning the difference between assets and liabilities and by learning how to buy assets that generate an income.

2011 Volkswagen Jetta Price and Specs

The new Volkswagen Jetta is an entirely new vehicle design. The appearance of its fully galvanised body shows this most emphatically. Never before was a VW Jetta this large, this sporty, this independent. Just how independent? One sign is that the Volkswagen Jetta no longer shares any body components with the technically related world’s bestseller, the Golf. Instead, the new Jetta impresses as an independent vehicle like the Passat CC or Tiguan. And it is just as safe; the previous model was already named “Top Safety Pick” in crash testing by the US organisation IIHS. Along with optimal occupant crash safety, the car has further advanced pedestrian safety features. With the Jetta, Volkswagen has once again introduced entirely new standards of quality to a vehicle segment.

Exterior styling and dimensions

The new model is 182.7 inches (4.63 metres) long, 57.1 inches (1.45 metres) tall and 70.1 inches (1.78 metres) wide (length of the European version: 4.64 metres). This makes the Volkswagen 3.15 inches (8 cm) longer than the previous model. The interplay of exterior dimensions produces a powerful ratio of proportions. In parallel, the new Volkswagen “design DNA” sharpens its style. This has resulted in clear precise lines and athletically muscular surfaces that give the saloon an image of timeless elegance and dynamic styling. The result: the Volkswagen Jetta’s appearance makes such a dominant styling statement that the Volkswagen practically positions itself in a higher vehicle class.

Front end: Here it is the coupe-like incline of the windshield and the consistent use of horizontal lines that define the design. The high-gloss black radiator grille forms a stylistic unit together with the trapezoidal headlights. The dual reflector headlights are sectioned by a so-called masking blade into a larger area with the low and main beam lights and a narrow lower section with daytime running lights and indicator lights. The chrome masking blades guide the horizontal lines of the front end right into the headlights. The result: the Volkswagen Jetta has a wider and more dynamic visual stance. In the area of the low-beam light, new H7 Longlife halogen discharge lamps are used which have a significantly longer service life. The parking and daytime running lights – generally subjected to more severe loads – are also designed with Longlife or Super-Longlife technology. Optimal tuning of the mounting height and size of the low-beam reflector produces very good and broad illumination of the roadway with an emphasis on the driver’s side.

Just beneath the grille and headlight unit is the cleanly sculpted surface of the fully painted bumper. One section lower, another cooling air intake and a tray-shaped front spoiler (in the style of ‘splitters’ used in car racing) give the car a sporty finish. The upper section of the front end displays a powerful transition from the v-shaped engine bonnet to the wings on the sides; the shoulder section here reflects dynamic and muscular styling.

Side profile: In the saloon’s side profile, design characteristics that mark all new Volkswagens meld into yet another interpretation of the “design DNA” conceptualised by the Italian Head of Design for the Volkswagen Group (Walter de Silva) and the German Head of Design for the Volkswagen Brand (Klaus Bischoff). The best examples of this: the characteristic shoulder or ‘tornado’ line and the powerfully emphasised arches of the wheel wells. Formally, they intersect the main volumes of the large harmonised surfaces, conveying a strong dynamic image.

Thanks to wide track dimensions (1,535 mm in front, 1,532 mm in rear), the wheelarches also form a precise transition – as though carved by a knife – to accommodate wheels up to 18 inches in size. Meanwhile, the styling of the door mirrors with their integrated indicator lights emulate those of the larger Passat CC. Another typical design characteristic is the line work in the area of the C-pillars. Here, the trailing edge of the door follows a straight line from the side sill diagonally back into the triangle window; stylistically, this lengthens the door and gives the overall vehicle an even larger, more extended and elegant appearance.

Rear section: Harmonised surfaces and sporty shoulders also dominate the look at the rear of the VW Jetta. The very wide and coupe-like rear window offers excellent visibility behind the saloon and simultaneously emphasises its dynamic lines. Its interplay with the C-pillars, as striking as they are elegant, and the clearly sculpted shoulder section, produces a design that is extremely dominant, generating a strong presence.

Powerfully illuminating and visually prominent: the rear lights. They are split into two sections, extending from the wing into the boot lid and displaying an unmistakable look both day and night. The boot lid itself has an aerodynamically optimised trailing edge that minimises air turbulence and increases the car’s downforce to the road. The vertical surface of the boot lid with its integrated VW logo and segmented rear lights shows a slight flare – a styling tool that further emphasises the saloon’s sportiness. To access the 510 litre boot, the boot lid can be opened by remote control unlock. Perfection in details: A special patented reflector geometry illuminates the entire lower license plate and boot area together.

Passive safety

The new Jetta is equipped with six airbags as standard equipment (driver and front passenger airbags, side airbags in front and side curtain airbags in front and rear). Customers can add optional rear side airbags to this package. To ensure that the airbags deploy to their proper positions faster than ever, the new Volkswagen Jetta has a special sensor system for detecting crash intensity and igniting the airbags. The electronics, located centrally in the passenger compartment, evaluates low-frequency “palpable” deceleration signals. In addition, specially tuned accelerometers measure frequency components in the mid or “audible” range. These signal components are generated as car body waves when load-bearing structures in the front of the car deform very quickly. They propagate throughout the vehicle structure at a high speed and make precise information on the severity of the crash available very quickly.

By intelligently interrelating the “palpable” and “audible” signal components, the airbag sensor system obtains a faster and simultaneously more reliable characterisation of the crash. This makes it possible to adapt the deployment performance of the airbags and belt tensioners to the crash situation in order to provide optimal protection for passengers. In Germany, the Volkswagen sensor system has been awarded the Bavarian Innovation Prize.

High-strength, form-hardened steels are also used in the new VW Jetta. These special steels help to create an extremely safe vehicle structure while avoiding spiralling weight gains. The impact energy is routed through defined load paths according to the crash type, to absorb a share of the energy that would otherwise impact on the car’s occupants.


Just like its exterior styling, the high-quality impression made by the interior bridges the gap to the next class up, significantly increasing the Volkswagen Jetta’s lead over the competition. Inside, the new Jetta offers an unparalleled perfection in details and – as a common conceptual thread – self-explanatory controls.

Ergonomic cockpit

The silver framed round instruments designed in the style of the Passat CC are positioned for optimum viewing; the multifunction display (trip computer) is located between them. The new three-spoke steering wheel design (optionally with multifunction keys) impresses both visually and to the touch. The right hand rests ergonomically on the gearshift grip. Forward of the gear lever are the redesigned and intuitive controls for the climate control (standard from the US equipment line S plus S1-package, as well as on the Trendline in Germany) and other convenience features such as the optional heated seats as well as the radio and radio-navigation systems. This console section is slightly inclined towards the driver for an ideal cockpit layout that focuses on the driver’s needs. Also providing for optimal interior comfort is the air conditioning system that is standard from the S2 equipment version in the USA and from the Comfortline in Germany.

The parking brake lever was also repositioned, freeing up more space on the right side that is now used for larger cupholders. Numerous storage options – including an option-dependent centre armrest with large storage box and special sunglasses holder – all perfect the car’s practical everyday utility.

More space for driver and front passenger

Despite the low roof line, the effective headroom for driver and front passenger has remained nearly the same: It is now 970 mm. Both occupants take their places on completely redesigned and ergonomic seats that offer a high level of long-distance travel comfort and ample adjustments (optional 6-way and 8-way adjustment).

The extended wheelbase enabled a significantly more comfortable layout of the Volkswagen Jetta’s 3-person rear seating area. Compared to the previous model, it now offers 38.1 inches (96.7 cm) legroom – a gain of 2.6 inches (6.7 cm). Headroom in the rear, at 943 mm, is still at the same good level of the previous model.

510 litre cargo capacity

Even the base version sports a folding rear bench seatback with a 60/40 split, increasing the car’s versatility. The 510 litre boot can be opened from inside the car by a remote unlock switch (alternatives: unlocking from the exterior and by RF remote control, which is standard from the S2 equipment line for the USA and from the Trendline for Europe).

All-around protection

The new VW Jetta is equipped with six airbags as standard equipment (driver and front passenger airbags, side airbags in front and side curtain airbags in front and rear). Customers can add optional rear side airbags to this package (for detailed information on the topic of passive safety, see the Body section).

Standard and Optional Features

Volkswagen has systematically tailored its US equipment versions (S, SE, SEL, TDI and GLI) to address the wishes of American car drivers, and in doing so it has developed one of the most attractive saloons in its class. The already well-equipped base version will launch at prices from 15,995 US dollars. In Europe, the Volkswagen Jetta will once again be offered in the three equipment lines Trendline, Comfortline and Highline (prices for Europe will be announced when ordering begins in individual countries).

Standard features of the VW Jetta in America

S-Line (S1): Standard features of the base version Volkswagen Jetta include ESP and ABS, 6 airbags, 5 head restraints (with special whiplash protection in front), tyre pressure monitoring, outdoor temperature display, daytime running lights, pollen filter, electric windows all around, 3 cupholders, “Cardeol” pattern seats, height adjustable driver’s seat, 60/40 split rear seatback, radio prep with four loudspeakers, and body-coloured bumpers and door handles.

S2: The S-Line can be supplemented with the S2 package, which includes climate control, radio-CD system, RF remote control for central locking and pre-wiring for an alarm system.

SE line (SE1): Beyond the S1 and S2 features, the SE line also includes a 16-inch wheel-tyre combination instead of 15-inch, comfort seats in “Acerin” pattern, door mirrors in body colour with integrated indicator lights, larger tailpipes, radio prep with 6 loudspeakers, a chrome interior package (rotary light switch, bezels for the air nozzles, control knobs for the climate control system, parking brake lever grip and chrome badge on the steering wheel), centre armrests (front armrest has storage box and 2 cupholders, rear has 2 cupholders as well), cruise control, lockable and illuminated glovebox, reading lamps in the rear, illuminated make-up mirrors in the sun visors and floor mats.

SE2: Supplemental packages are provided here too. The SE2 includes a leather multifunction steering wheel, leather gearshift grip and leather parking brake, 16-inch alloy wheels (“Sedona” type), Sirius Satellite Radio system, Bluetooth, USB, AUX and iPod interfaces and heated seats and windshield washer nozzles.

SE3: Additional features of the SE3 package include a premium sound system with CD/MP3 player and a large tilt/slide sunroof.

SEL line (SEL1): The SEL equipment line is launching with even more exclusive features. Beyond the standard features of the SE3, this Jetta line – and this is just an excerpt – is also equipped with these exterior features: fog lamps, chrome accents on the radiator grille, chrome trim on the side window sills, machine-polished 17-inch alloy wheels (“Joda” type) and rear disc brakes instead of drum brakes. Additional convenience and comfort features on this Volkswagen Jetta are the Keyless Access automatic engine starting and locking system, RNS Low (US) radio-navigation system, 8-way driver’s seat adjustment, brushed chrome interior accents and a trip computer. The sunroof is not included with the SEL1 package.

SEL2: Those wishing to drive the top version VW Jetta with a sunroof will choose the SEL2 package. This version also includes a sport chassis, aluminium sport pedals and sporty styling of the door sills.

TDI line (TDI1): The Clean Diesel version of the new Jetta is automatically equipped with features through the SE2 level plus a trip computer, leather multifunction steering wheel, leather gearshift grip, leather parking brake lever, disc brakes all around and 16-inch “Mambo” alloy wheels.

TDI2: Features of the TDI version can be supplemented with the TDI2 package that includes a sunroof, fog lights, chrome radiator grille, chrome window sill trim, interior accents in metal look, Keyless Access engine starting and locking system, RNS Low radio-navigation system and 8-way driver’s seat adjustment.

GLI line (GLI1): The flagship of the new Volkswagen Jetta model series will follow in 2011 – the GLI with 147 kW / 200 PS. GLI upgrades beyond those of the SE1 level make up an almost endless list of exclusive details. This line includes 17-inch alloy wheels, multi-link rear suspension, sound generator (for a sporty engine sound), sport chassis (lowered by 15 millimetres), customised bumpers in sport design, red painted brake callipers, sport seats with custom GLI upholstery, red seat and leather seams (steering wheel, custom GLI gearshift grip and parking brake), brushed metal interior accents, aluminium pedals and door sills, as well as a Sirius satellite radio system.

GLI2/3: In the GLI2 version, the VW Jetta is also equipped with a sunroof, 18-inch alloy wheels, leather-like V-Tex seat covers and an exceptional sound system. The GLI3 level adds a radio-navigation system.

Standard Volkswagen Jetta features in Europe

Trendline: The Trendline continues to mark the entry into the world of the European Jetta. Similar to the USA versions, safety equipment includes 6 airbags (optional 8), 5 crash-optimised head restraints (with anti-whiplash system in front), daytime running lights, seatbelt detection, automatic hazard light activation during hard braking and ABS with brake assistant and ESP with trailer stabilisation.

Exterior details of the VW Jetta Trendline include 205 tires on 16-inch wheels, heated electric outside mirrors with integrated indicator lights, and green-tinted windows with insulating glass. Interior convenience and comfort features include such details as air conditioning, dust and pollen filter, RF remote control of central locking, outside temperature indicator with freeze warning, chrome bezels on the air vents, interchangeable interior accents, AUX-IN port, multifunction display, 6-way driver’s seat adjustment (including height adjustment) and 4-way front passenger seat adjustment (fabric seat covers in “Cardeol” pattern).

Comfortline: The mid-range Comfortline equipment version is marked by such features as chrome accents in the radiator grille and 16-inch, five-spoke “Mambo” alloy wheels. Inside, details upgrading the Volkswagen Jetta Comfortline include storage pockets on the front seatbacks, centre armrests (with storage box in front), 8-way adjustment of driver and front passenger seats, comfort seats with high-end “Sienna” pattern fabric covers, woven floor mats, RCD 210 radio-CD system, chrome package (including rotary light switch and control knobs for the climate control system) and what is referred to as the small leather package (steering wheel, gearshift grip and parking brake) as well a black decor accents (“Black Pyramid”). Also standard: the ParkPilot (front and rear), passenger door mirror lowering for backing up and four reading lights (2 in front, 2 in rear).

Highline: The Highline version offers the most exclusive VW Jetta features. In the exterior area, features beyond the Comfortline features are 17-inch alloy wheels (“Porto” type with ten spokes), a chrome frame for the lower air intake screen, chrome trim under the side windows, headlight cleaning system and front fog lights with cornering lights. The Winter package (with heated front seats and windshield washer nozzles) offers ideal convenience and comfort through the coldest season. Interior features distinguishing the Volkswagen Jetta Highline as a top model of the series include sport seats with fabric upholstery (“Gloss”) and artificial leather, especially high-end décor accents (“Iridium Printed” pattern), the small leather package (steering wheel, gearshift grip, parking brake), a high-gloss black insert in the centre console area and automatic climate control system (Climatronic).

In all three equipment versions, the seats and interior trims may be ordered in one of the basic colours “Titan Black,” “Latte Macchiato” or “Corn Silk.” On the Volkswagen Jetta Comfortline and Jetta Highline, Volkswagen offers an additional “Vienna” leather option in “Latte Macchiato” or “Corn Silk” colour.

Keyless Access

The Keyless Access option is a locking and engine starting system that makes do without a door or ignition lock. When one of the front door handles is touched, the system detects access authorisation from a transponder in the person’s jacket, trousers or handbag, unlocks the VW Jetta (in this case including the electric steering column lock), releases the engine immobilizer and optional anti-theft warning system and enables an engine start by the engine Start/Stop button on the centre console. From the outside, the Volkswagen Jetta is locked by touching one of the door handles – on one of the surfaces specially marked for this purpose. As an alternative, the Volkswagen may of course also be locked or unlocked from the inside or by remote control.

Functional procedure: When the door handle is touched, this essentially wakes up the Volkswagen Jetta. The electronics utilises outside antennas (including one in each of the front door handles) to externally radiate an inductive field to scan for a valid ID transponder – a suitable sender – at a distance of up to 1.5 metres from the VW Jetta. If it finds one, the antenna routes the code emitted by the sender to the relevant control module. All of this happens faster than the blink of an eye. If the code is correct, the doors are unlocked. Three other antennas inside the vehicle can also localise a transponder or “key” here. In the passenger compartment, other antennas check whether the ID transponder is located inside the car. To protect children, for example, the car’s engine cannot be started if the ID transponder is outside the vehicle – even by just a few centimetres. So, if the transponder fob is placed on the roof, it would be impossible to climb in and drive off.

Radio-CD and Radio-Navigation systems

Either the RCD 210 (Europe) or a US-version radio system is included as standard equipment on the higher equipment lines. In Europe, the optional RCD 310 (with dual tuner and 8 loudspeakers) offers even more power and functions. The top audio system in Europe is the RCD 510; in America it is the Premium 8 model with integrated CD changer, interface for SD cards and touchscreen. As an option, the European RCD 310 and RCD 510 may also be supplemented by a DAB module for digital radio reception. All Volkswagen Jetta versions are available with an optional hands-free system (3 systems in Europe, 1 system in America) for mobile telephones.

SAT Radio: In the USA, Volkswagen offers the Jetta with SAT reception (Sirius) for radio-CD and navigation systems. Users will be able to choose from more than 200 radio stations, and the system offers the latest traffic reports for navigation. Additional information is also provided, e.g. weather, petrol prices, sport results, TV programming and flight information.

Sound system: In Europe, Volkswagen will offer a high-end sound system under the in-house label “Volkswagen Sound.” In terms of high-end options, many Jetta drivers will choose one of the following navigation systems.

RNS 315 for America and Europe: An attractively priced entry to radio-navigation systems is offered by the new RNS 315 with 5-inch touchscreen (400 x 240 pixels), CD player, SD card slot and dual tuner. The SD card interface can be used to save the navigation data (by copying it from the Navigations-CD) and MP3 files for music replay. The RNS 315 may also be supplemented with the DAB module.

RNS 510 for Europe: The top model among the radio-navigation systems is the RNS 510. It serves up such upgrades as a 6.5-inch touchscreen, DVD player, voice activation, an SD card slot and extremely fast 30 Gigabyte hard drive.

Drive Technology and Chassis

German Engineering is the key word that captures the attention of many customers in the USA. German engineering and craftsmanship stands for the highest level of quality and efficient technology, and not only in Germany. The new VW Jetta is a prime example; a look at its drive technologies makes this abundantly clear: as a turbodiesel, it sets standards with the latest common rail direct injection system. The US version equipped with a 103 kW / 140 PS TDI Clean Diesel (which fulfils the BIN 5 emissions standard) attains a top fuel economy of 42 mpg Highway (combined cycle: 34 mpg) – this makes the Volkswagen Jetta one of the most fuel-efficient vehicles on the roads between New York and San Francisco. In Europe, Volkswagen will be introducing a 77 kW / 105 PS engine as its smallest TDI at the beginning of 2011. Its fuel economy in the BlueMotion Technology version: a sensational 4.2 l/100 km – a best value for a saloon in the 4.6 metre class.

Volkswagen Jetta engines in America

In the USA and Canada, the new Volkswagen Jetta will be offered with three petrol engines and one direct injection turbodiesel (TDI Clean Diesel). Two of the four engines are new aboard the Volkswagen Jetta: The entry-level engine (85 kW / 115 PS) and the common rail TDI (103 kW / 140 PS). Technically perfected are the 125 kW / 170 PS 2.5 litre petrol engine and the sporty top engine – the charged 2.0 TSI with 147 kW / 200 PS, which in North America will drive the Jetta GLI top model starting in 2011. A technical highlight is the new 2.0 TDI Clean Diesel; thanks to the conversion to common rail direct injection – the world’s leading fuel delivery system – the turbo engine was made as quiet as a petrol engine and as powerful as a sports car engine (320 Newton metres maximum torque). A particulate filter and NOx storage catalytic converter guarantee that this TDI also meets emissions requirements for all 50 states of the USA. Its 42 mpg Highway fuel economy (with DSG) makes the new and very agile Volkswagen Jetta 2.0 TDI (0-60 mph in 8.7 seconds) one of the most fuel-efficient and lowest emitting vehicles on the American continent.

All engines are offered with a standard manual gearbox. Of course, an optional automatic gearbox is available for each model. On the new 2.0 TDI and 2.0 TSI, Volkswagen is implementing one of the most advanced and efficient automatic transmission systems in the world – the 6-speed DSG.

2.0 MPI with 85 kW / 115 PS: The smallest engine (1,981 cm3) in the VW Jetta has a crossflow cylinder head made of an aluminium alloy. The comfortable four-cylinder engine (85 kW / 115 PS) reaches its maximum power at 5,200 rpm, and its maximum torque (170 Newton metres) at 4,000 rpm. With a manual gearbox, the multipoint four cylinder engine accelerates the saloon to 60 mph in 10.3 seconds; the car’s top speed is 120 mph. With a 6-speed automatic, the Jetta 2.0 accelerates to 60 mph in 11.3 seconds (top speed is identical). The 115 PS engine attains 34 mpg fuel economy (manual gearbox) in the Highway cycle; the automatic version comes in at 32 mpg.

2.5 MPI with 125 kW / 170 PS: Specially developed for the American market is the torque-strong five-cylinder engine with a power of 125 kW / 170 PS (at 5,600 rpm) and 2,480 cm3 displacement. Conceptually, the very successful engine (66 percent engine share in the Jetta) was derived from the V10 engine of the Lamborghini Gallardo. And its DNA is definitely noticeable in the new VW Jetta too: The 16-valve five-cylinder engine equipped with multipoint injection goes to work with great responsiveness over the entire speed range, and it accelerates the Volkswagen to 60 mph in just 8.0 seconds; if the 6-speed automatic is aboard, the value is 8.5 seconds. Acoustically, the five cylinder always remains in the background, even at its top speed of 125 mph. The maximum torque of the Volkswagen Jetta engine with multipoint injection is reached at 4,250 rpm and amounts to 240 Newton metres. For the first time, the 2.5 litre five cylinder is now equipped with a regulated oil pump, which further reduces fuel consumption. In the Highway cycle, fuel economy of the automatic gearbox version is 31 mpg, and it is 33 mpg for the manual version.

2.0 TSI with 147 kW / 200 PS: At the highest performance level, the new Jetta as a GLI version is driven by a 147 kW / 200 PS (5,100 to 6,000 rpm) TSI. Thanks to turbocharging and petrol direct injection, the 1,984 cm3 four cylinder TSI offers plenty of power with little fuel: 280 Newton metres (between 1,700 and 5,000 rpm) and a top speed of 130 mph contrast with 33 mpg fuel economy in the Highway cycle (6-speed gearbox); the Volkswagen Jetta GLI equipped with optional 6-speed DSG comes in at 32 mpg. Incidentally, the saloon handles the sprint to 60 mph in a short 6.7 seconds (DSG: 6.8 seconds).

2.0 TDI with 103 kW / 140 PS: Ideally tailored to the VW Jetta, and to the long driving distances covered in the USA, is the new common rail turbodiesel with 1,968 cm3 displacement. The four cylinder develops a power of 103 kW / 140 PS (at 4,000 rpm). Between 1,750 and 2,500 rpm, the remarkably quiet TDI develops a maximum torque of 320 Newton metres. Thanks to these key performance figures, the Clean Diesel accelerates the Volkswagen Jetta TDI to 60 mph in just 9.1 seconds (6-speed manual: 8.7 seconds). Its top speed is 125 mph. Refuelling becomes an afterthought with this car that attains 41 mpg (Highway); the DSG version even betters this at 42 mpg.

Common rail injection of the TDI in detail: Injection pressures of up to 1,800 bar and special eight-hole injection nozzles ensure especially fine atomisation of the diesel fuel. Piezo in-line injectors are responsible for operating the injection nozzles. In this process, electrically controlled piezo crystals initiate injection in fractions of a second with the support of a hydraulic element. Compared to conventional solenoid valves, piezo technology enables more flexible injection processes with smaller, more precisely measurable fuel quantities and multiple injections with up to 7 individual injections per work cycle. The advantages: very quiet and smooth engine running, spontaneous response behaviour and low fuel consumption and emissions.

Clean Diesel technology in detail: The new Jetta’s Clean Diesel is one of the most fuel-efficient and lowest emitting engines offered in America. Naturally, the TDI satisfies the strict emission limits of BIN5/ULEV2 emissions standards legislated in the USA, and so it can be registered in all 50 states of the USA. A key aspect of Clean Diesel technical design is how it reduces nitrogen oxide emissions. In the four cylinder common rail TDI, engineers in Wolfsburg achieved this goal by making internal engine modifications and implementing a NOx storage catalytic converter. This technology reduces nitrogen oxide (NOx) emissions by up to 90 percent.

Why a NOx storage catalytic converter is used is easy to explain: high combustion chamber temperatures improve fuel economy – but at the same time they generate more nitrogen oxides. Within certain limits, the nitrogen oxides can be reduced by optimising combustion chamber geometries and implementing extremely precise injection processes, as Volkswagen has proven. Nonetheless, when considering emissions it is necessary to limit combustion temperatures and the concentration of oxygen, which reacts with the nitrogen to form nitrogen oxides. Both goals can be attained by external recirculation of exhaust gas into the combustion chamber. This gas is taken from the exhaust system and cooled on the way to the combustion chamber. In the ideal case, these measures can reduce temperature-dependent nitrogen oxide emissions by up to 60 percent.

The NOx storage catalytic converter handles the rest. It soaks up nitrogen oxides very efficiently, like a sponge. Like a particulate filter, it is cleaned at regular intervals without the driver even noticing. The engine management system does this by operating the engine in a mode with a richer combustion mixture for a few seconds. The NOx storage catalytic converter requires diesel fuel that has extremely low sulphur content (sulphur content below 15 parts per million, or 15 ppm); otherwise sulphate formation would make it less efficient. In the USA, this type of diesel fuel has been widely available since autumn 2008.

Volkswagen Jetta engines in Europe

In Europe, engine strategy will be based on conditions prevailing there. Smaller displacements and charging are crucial for all engines. This means somewhat lower power in the base engines, significantly smaller engine displacements on some engines, and all engines charged. Four of the six engines are new to the VW Jetta line-up: the 1.2 TSI (77 kW / 105 PS), the 1.4 TSI (118 kW / 160 PS) and the two common rail turbodiesels 1.6 TDI (77 kW / 105 PS) and 2.0 TDI (103 kW / 140 PS). Offering high-tech in proven form are the usual 1.4 TSI (90 kW / 122 PS) and 2.0 TSI (147 kW / 200 PS). Except for the 1.2 TSI, all other engines may be paired with an optional 6-speed DSG (77 kW TDI, 103 kW TDI, 147 kW TSI) or 7-speed DSG (90 kW TSI, 118 kW TSI).

Of course, every Jetta engine offered in Europe complies with the EU-5 emissions standard. The 1.2 TSI and 1.6 TDI are also available with a BlueMotion Technology package. Its technical features include a Start-Stop system and recovery of kinetic energy by battery regeneration. The new Volkswagen Jetta 1.2 TSI with BlueMotion Technology consumes just 5.3 l/100 km (equivalent to 123 g/km CO2) – an absolute top value for a petrol-powered saloon that can reach speeds of up to 190 km/h. The 1.6 TDI with BlueMotion Technology has a sensationally low combined fuel consumption of 4.2 l/100 km (109 g/km CO2); the VW Jetta with this engine is one of the most fuel-efficient 4.6 metre saloons in the world.

Petrol direct injection from 105 PS to 200 PS

Technically speaking, petrol direct injection, engine charging and reduced displacement are some of the most efficient ways to significantly reduce fuel consumption while significantly improving a vehicle’s dynamic properties. That is why Volkswagen is taking exactly this approach in its TSI engines: Reducing engine displacement, which in turn lowers friction and charge changing losses, resulting in lower specific fuel consumption and better engine efficiency. Engine charging takes the form of either a combination of turbocharger and supercharger or a specially developed turbocharger.

1.2 TSI with 77 kW / 105 PS: This turbocharged 1.2 litre four cylinder engine is the latest TSI in the program; like all engines of this type, it too follows the TSI downsizing philosophy with its 1,197 cm3 displacement. And this means maximum power with minimal fuel consumption. This Volkswagen Jetta is offered with an optional BlueMotion Technology package (with such features as a Start-Stop system and battery regeneration). From a standstill, even the BlueMotion Technology version of the 77 kW / 105 PS Jetta 1.2 TSI reaches 100 km/h after a short 10.9 seconds. Its top speed is 190 km/h. This contrasts with benchmark-setting fuel consumption and emission values: 5.3 l/100 km and 123 g/km CO2. The 1.2 TSI reaches its maximum power at 5,000 rpm. Its maximum torque of 175 Newton metres is available between 1,500 and 4,100 rpm. The VW Jetta 1.2 TSI is paired with a 6-speed manual gearbox as standard equipment.

1.4 TSI with 90 kW / 122 PS: In the mid-range of engine power, the new saloon is powered by an efficiently operating 1.4 litre TSI with 90 kW / 122 PS (at 5,000 rpm). With a combined fuel consumption of 6.2 litres Super unleaded per 100 kilometres, the turbo engine makes the manually shifted Volkswagen Jetta one of the most fuel-efficient cars of its performance class (144 g/km CO2). The 122 PS TSI takes the car to a top speed of 202 km/h. The saloon handles the classic 0-100-km/h sprint in 9.9 seconds. In the VW Jetta, the four cylinder engine reaches its maximum torque of 200 Newton metres between 1,500 and 4,000 rpm. This Volkswagen Jetta version may also be ordered with a 7-speed DSG gearbox.

1.4 TSI with 118 kW / 160 PS: This twincharged engine, i.e. both turbocharged and supercharged, with 118 kW / 160 PS (at 5,800 rpm) is exceptionally economical (combined fuel consumption with manual gearbox: 6.3 l/100 km), low emitting (147 g/km CO2) and torque strong (maximum of 240 Newton metres between 1,500 and 4,500 rpm). With this engine and a manual gearbox, the Volkswagen Jetta sprints to 100 km/h in 8.3 seconds; its top speed is 221 km/h. As an option, this engine may be ordered together with the 7-speed DSG.

Especially interesting is the complementary interaction of supercharger and turbocharger. The supercharger, mechanically driven by a belt, increases the TSI’s torque at low engine speeds. This is a charging unit based on the Roots Principle. A special aspect of this supercharger is its internal gearing, which enables high supercharger performance even at low engine speeds.

At higher engine speeds, the exhaust gas-driven turbocharger (with wastegate control) kicks in. Then the supercharger and turbocharger work in series. The supercharger is operated via a solenoid clutch that is integrated in a module within the water pump. A control gate ensures that the flow of fresh air required for the operating point reaches the turbocharger or supercharger. In pure turbocharger mode the control gate is open. Then the air takes the familiar path of conventional turbocharged engines via the front intercooler and throttle valve and into the induction pipe. Starting at an engine speed of 3,500 rpm the supercharger turns all of the work over to the turbocharger.

2.0 TSI with 147 kW / 200 PS: In Europe as well, the VW Jetta with the highest power output is a TSI produces 147 kW / 200 PS (at 6,000 rpm). This turbocharged 2.0 litre engine is legendary; it is used in such vehicles as the Golf GTI (although on that car it has an extra 10 PS). In the new Jetta, the large four-cylinder TSI also delivers impressive driving performance with excellent fuel economy. Over 100 kilometres, it consumes just 6.9 litres of fuel (equivalent to 160 g/km CO2), which it directly injects into the four cylinder engine that can output up to 280 Newton metres of torque (from 1,800 rpm). Meanwhile, the engine enables a top speed of 236 km/h. The Volkswagen Jetta 2.0 TSI completes the sprint to 100 km/h in 7.5 seconds. Tuned to this engine’s high torque is the 6-speed DSG that is available as an option in this VW Jetta.

Direct injection turbodiesels at 105 PS and 140 PS

1.6 TDI with 77 kW / 105 PS: The entry-level engine of the common rail TDI line-up for the Volkswagen Jetta in Europe is a 1.6 litre four cylinder with 77 kW / 105 PS (4,400 rpm) and a maximum torque of 250 Newton metres (1,500 to 2,500 rpm). Its combined fuel consumption (4.5 litres) represents a savings of 0.7 l/100 km compared to the previous model with unit injector technology. Upon request, this TDI can be ordered with a 7-speed DSG or in a BlueMotion Technology version (5-speed manual, optional 7-speed DSG). Equipped with BlueMotion Technology, fuel consumption is reduced to 4.2 l/100 km (109 g/km CO2). Both engine versions enable impressive driving performance. Consider the VW Jetta 1.6 TDI with BlueMotion Technology: After just 11.7 seconds, the saloon reaches the 100 km/h mark from a stop; its top speed: 190 km/h.

The technology of the 1,598 cm3 four cylinder reflects the highest standard on the market in this vehicle segment. The diesel fuel is directly injected via a common rail system into the combustion chamber at a pressure of 1,600 bar; special piezo actuators control the multiple injections and fuel volumes with extreme precision.

2.0 TDI with 103 kW / 140 PS: The strongest common rail TDI in the Volkswagen Jetta line-up is a 1,968 cm3 16-valve four cylinder with 103 kW / 140 PS (at 4,200 rpm). At a low 1,750 rpm, the remarkably quiet TDI develops a maximum torque of 320 Newton metres (up to 2,500 rpm). Thanks to these key performance parameters, the TDI accelerates the manually shifted VW Jetta to 100 km/h in just 9.5 seconds. Its top speed is 210 km/h. Here too, combined fuel consumption is extremely low at 4.8 l/100 km; the same applies to its CO2 emissions of 126 g/km.

BlueMotion Technology

The European VW Jetta can be delivered as an optional TDI or TSI BlueMotion Technology version with the 77 kW / 105 PS power output. Among other things, this efficient technology package includes low rolling resistance tires, the Start-Stop system and battery regeneration.

Start-Stop system: The driver approaches a red light, brakes the Volkswagen Jetta to a stop, shifts into neutral and takes the foot off the clutch (with DSG it is sufficient press the brake pedal). This causes the engine to shut off momentarily. In the multifunction display the text “Start Stop” appears. As soon as the light turns green again, the driver depresses the clutch (or with DSG simply releases the brake), and the engine starts, the “Start Stop” text is cleared, the driver engages a gear and resumes driving. Essentially, the driver does not need to perform any extra operating steps compared to a conventional car, yet saves up to 0.2 litres per 100 kilometres in the city using the Start-Stop system.

Unlike vehicles without the Start-Stop system, the BlueMotion Technology models have an extra battery data module (for acquiring momentary battery charge status), a reinforced engine starter, a DC/DC converter (guarantees voltage stability of the vehicle’s electrical system) and an exceptionally durable deep-cycle glass mat battery on board.

Battery regeneration: Regeneration helps to utilise the energy expended in driving as efficiently as possible. During coasting and braking phases of the VW Jetta – i.e. whenever the driver releases the accelerator pedal or brakes – the system elevates the voltage of the alternator (generator), and this electricity is used to bulk charge the vehicle’s battery.

Thanks to this alternator control as a function of engine efficiency, and the optimally charged battery that results, the voltage of the alternator can be reduced whenever this is desirable – e.g. when accelerating or while constantly maintaining a desired speed. The alternator may even be shut off entirely. This relieves engine load, which in turn reduces fuel consumption. In addition, the battery, which is continually fully charged, supplies the vehicle’s electrical system with sufficient energy during the stopped phase of the engine (e.g. at traffic lights). Battery regeneration requires special software for energy management and modified engine controller software.

Gearboxes with 5, 6 and 7 speeds

As an alternative to the 5 and 6-speed manual gearboxes and the further developed 6-speed automatic (exclusively in America), the new Volkswagen Jetta will also be offered with either a 6-speed or 7-speed dual clutch gearboxes (DSG), depending on the engine. Both DSG versions are characterised by maximum economy and shifting dynamics, which has never been attained to this extent before. Besides having different numbers of forward gears, another way in which the DSG systems differ technically is in their clutch types. While two dry clutches are used in the 7-speed DSG, the dual clutch of the 6-speed DSG runs wet in an oil bath. True of both gearboxes: even the most experienced professional drivers cannot come close to the shifting speeds of the DSG versions. Another fact: more than any other automatic, the dual clutch gearboxes have the potential to reduce fuel consumption and thereby emissions. Compared to a manual transmission, gains may be as much as 12 percent, depending on the engine, and even 20 percent compared to an automatic with torque-converter clutch. The two DSG versions are application-specific specialists. While the 6-speed DSG shines when paired with torque-strong engines (up to 350 Newton metres), the 7-speed DSG is especially effective in combination with smaller engines with lower torque outputs (up to 250 Newton metres).

Running gear of the new VW Jetta

In its driving properties, the new Jetta is also one of the safest automobiles in the world. All VW Jetta versions worldwide are equipped with the latest generation ESP (electronic stabilisation program) as a standard feature. Running gear tuning is as safe as it is comfortable and dynamic. A MacPherson strut-type front suspension with coil springs and telescoping shock absorbers is used in the Jetta. At the rear, a multi-link suspension is at work in the American Jetta GLI (debuting in 2011 with 15 millimetre lower sport chassis) and in European versions; all other US versions are equipped with a torsion-beam rear suspension specially tuned for the American market.

This new suspension for the USA offers very good vertical damping comfort; that is, it has a soft response and is therefore ideally tailored for American roads. Nonetheless, the essentially European and therefore dynamic basic tuning is still clearly discernible. The high transverse rigidity and lateral rigidity of the rear suspension make the car very directionally stable. Moreover, the suspension also offers excellent driving stability when the car is fully loaded. Fitting into this picture is the Volkswagen Jetta’s smooth yet precise electro-mechanical power steering.

Massage Therapy – History and Development

The history of massage started during the 3000 BC when the Chinese wrote Cong-Fu of the Tao-Tse, the oldest book written about massage which was later translated to French in the 1700s. In 2760 BC, Nei Ching or the Yellow Emperor’s Esoteric Classic discussed therapeutic touch.

The Egyptians made their contribution in massage when they created reflexology in 2500 BC. Even the Indians participated in the development of massage when they established Ayurvedic massage.

During 500 BC-50 AD, the Greek and Romans used massage on Olympic athletes and to relieve neuralgia and epileptic seizures. Hippocrates, the father of medicine, incorporated massage in medicine. In 130 AD-201 AD, Galen, a Greek physician from the school of gladiators who were rubbed before fighting wrote a book on manual medicine.

In 100s AD, schools for massage therapy were created in China. Then in 600s AD the Japanese developed shiatsu, which uses the fingers to apply pressure on acupuncture points to regenerate energy. During the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), pediatric massage therapy or tuina evolved into a higher form of therapy which is still used today.

During 1776-1813, Per Henrik Ling, a fencing master and gymnast cured himself of rheumatism through massage and created Medical Gymnastics and later formed the Royal Gymnastic Central Institute in Stockholm, Sweden. Then in 1839-1909, Johann Mezger introduced medical massage to the scientific community and the terms effleurage, petrissage and tapotement became familiar.

The effects of massage on anemia were researched by medical doctors and professors in New York City in 1880. Four years later, Professor Charcot, a French physician who taught Sigmund Freud recommended massage therapy in French medicine.

The Society of Trained Masseuses was formed in Britain which offered massage education recognized by schools in 1894. A year after, Sigmund Freud used massage therapy to treat hysteria. During the same year, Harvey Kellog wrote The Art of Massage.

The 1900’s gave birth to different massage therapy methods like Jin shin jyutsu or the art of circulation awakening developed in Japan by Jiro Murai, The Alexander Technique created by F.M. Alexander, an Australian actor, Naprapathy (1907) which originated in Chicago, Bindgewebs massage (1929), created by German Physical therapist, Elizabeth Dicke and Neuromuscular therapy (1930) created by Stanley Leif.

In 1937, Rene Maurice Gattefosse, discovered the healing powers of essential oils accidentally during a laboratory experiment where he burned his hand and used lavender oil to soothe it. He coined the word Aromatherapy. Two years after, The Florida State Massage Therapy Association Inc. (FSTMA) was organized. Today, it is one f the oldest massage organizations with 85 charter members.

The Massage Registration Act was formulated during 1949, and in 1950 Francis Tappan and Gertrude Beard wrote books and articles concerning massage techniques. Two years later, Hoshino Therapy, which is an official medical therapy in Argentina was developed. Then during the 1960s, John Barnes created Myofascial Release Therapy.

In 1977-1978, Aston- Patterning was developed by Judith Aston and Hellerwork was created by Joseph Heller. Both methods are forms of rolfing.

During the 1980s, the Association of Bodywork and Massage Practitioners was established. Also, Watsu or water therapy was developed by Harold Dull followed by Stuart Taws creation of Taws Method or Soft Tissue Release.

In the 1990s, a protocol for fybromyalgia syndrome was defined by the American College of Rheumatology and the Touch Research Institute, which studies the effects of touch therapy was established.

Spring 2011 Fashion Trends for Women

The fashion trends for Spring 2011 will be a welcome change to "real" women everywhere. Instead of clothes that would only look good on a size 2 teenager, designers chose to show a variety of figure-flattering, figure forgiving clothes in luxurious fabrics and colors.

With a little bit of modification, these styles can easily be incorporated into anyone's wardrobe.

Trend # 1: Full cut trousers

For the past several seasons, designers like Marc Jacobs have mined the 70s look. This time, instead of a boho-hippie influence, we get the 70s look from the movie the "Ice Storm". Think groovy pantsuits as they would have been worn in suburban Connecticut

These pants are mid to high rise, which may look strange after over a decade of low cut, hip slung jeans, and the inadvertent thong show that followed. This is a welcome change, as is the possibility of eliminating muffin top without having to diet.

Wear this style with a tucked in blouse, a skinny belt and wedge heels for an easy and stylish work look.

Trend # 2: Maxi dresses

What could be easier than a long, loose dress? Today's styles are slim, but not tight, and made with drapey fabrics like jersey.

Like everything else, it's the details that count. To avoid looking like Mrs. Roper from "Three's Company", steer clear of Hawaiian prints or paisley. Instead, opt for solid colors in nudes or in the sure-to-be-everywhere color this spring: a soft mint green.

Trend # 3: Pajama dressing

Yes, this is literal what some designers and fashion editors are calling this trend.

Loose pants tied at the waist, and boxy tees worn with a housecoat over them may seem like what most of us wear when we are home sick, not high fashion. But these basics are elevated when the pants are made of cashmere or silk, the tees are whisper thin and layered over each other and the over coat is in a dark shade like navy or black.

Also shown were dresses that looked like long, satin nightgowns. Of all the trends, this is perhaps the riskiest, fashion wise. Without you work in a creative field, coming to work dressed in these clothes will probably draw some puzzled looks from your co-workers.

Trend # 4: Bold colors

Although there were models on the runway wearing head to toe orange, electric blue and neon orange, even the designers tempted this style by pairing their clothes with plenty of whites and blacks. The result was a fresh way to update the basic neutrals most of us have in our closet.

Another way color was used this season was in the use of prints. Fruit themed prints were used, as were sailor-type strips. The trend of mixing prints continues to be strong, as stripes were shown with flower prints. Kept in the same color family, this combination works.

These are just a few of the trends for Spring, and it is a promising one. Designers appeared to respond to the economy by presenting clothes that can be worn in a variety of seasons, from day to night, and in silhouettes that are timeless. Investment dress may finally be bought to the masses to mean not a three thousand dollar purse, but a $ 150 lightweight cashmere sweater you'll wear all year long.

"Ethical" Practitioners Call For Self-Regulation

Botox is an increasingly popular non-surgical cosmetic anti-wrinkle treatment, and has earned the nickname "the lunchtime facelift" for the ease of access to the treatment and its fast-acting effects on lines and wrinkles. Anti-wrinkle injections are now valued as a lifestyle product as harmless as lipgloss. However, Botox is derived from a form of botulinum (a bacterial toxin that causes botulism) and must be administered with care by qualified practitioners.

Despite this, many unlicensed clinics offer anti-wrinkle injections and even some teenagers are now demanding the treatment to prevent domestic lines from forming. Anti-wrinkle injections carry risks if administrated incorrectly, and healthcare bodies and ethical practitioners are now calling for greater regulation on the Botox industry in the UK – estimated to top £ 1bn this year.

Botox is used to treat wrinkles that form in the skin from repeated muscular activity, for example frown lines, crows' feet and forehead lines. It works by blocking the release of the chemical from the nerve ending that stops the muscle from contracting, the skin over the muscle does not fold, and therefore no folding or wrinkling of the skin occurs.

Aesthetic procedures to enhance an individual's appearance are increasingly accessible and more affordable than in previous years, and if anti-wrinkle injections are properly administrated at the right dose, they have an excellent safety record. However, as with any medical procedure there are risks associated with Botox, including bruising, thinning of muscle fibers (if used repeatedly over time), and weakness of the muscles in the treated area, which can lead to drooping of the eyelids or eyebrows. Botox should also not be used on patients affected by certain skin conditions, broken skin or rashes in the area to be treated.

Demand for Botox treatment is steadily growing, and last year a report by Which? Found a worrying lack of regulation of non-invasive treatments (ie injections, laser treatments, chemical peels etc). There were 472,000 non-invasive treatments carried out last year, and more than 55,000 of these treatments were anti-wrinkle injections. Many of the people having the injections were illegally to check if the product was appropriately licensed and if the person administrating it was qualified to do so.

The Which? Report's independent panel of experts visited 19 clinics, and only five rated as "good". Recently, DIY Botox kits were withdrawn from sale on the auction site eBay amid safety fears – nurses had been selling the kits for people to use at home.

There is no single body that regulates the clinics that give anti-wrinkle injections and other minimally invasive treatments, and often clinics go unchecked. In 2005, a Government working group recommended that Botox anti-wrinkle injections should be regulated by the independent governing regulatory body, the Healthcare Commission, but the industry is still only borneen to itself and the situation will not be reviewed until next year.

Cosmetic doctors and reputable clinicians hope that there will soon be a regulatory body that will rid the Botox industry of the cowboy practitioners who pose a risk to people who seek Botox treatment. Botox is a prescription drug which can only be issued by a doctor. New General Medical Council rules mean doctors must vet everyone who wants the anti-aging treatment "Daily Mail, 10th December 2008.

Effective Alternatives for Antibiotics in the Treatment of Strep Throat

Strep throat is an illness that commonly accompanies flu or cold. Although it commonly affects children, strep throat can occur at any age. Unlike sore throat, an ailment caused by infection with viral agents, strep throat is caused by infection with group A streptococcus bacteria. These bacteria are very contagious and they can be easily acquired by entering in contact with infected people. In order to minimize the chances of acquiring strep throat, it is important to maintain proper hygiene and to avoid close contact with people who show signs of the illness. Although good personal hygiene can’t effectively prevent the occurrence of strep throat, it decreases the risks of acquiring streptococcus bacteria. People who suffer from strep throat should avoid entering in contact with other people in order to prevent spreading the illness.

Strep throat can generate intense symptoms such as difficult breathing, mucus-producing cough, headache, throat inflammation and pain, enlargement of the tonsils and lymph nodes, and fever. In some cases, strep throat can be accompanied by scarlet fever, generating skin inflammation and rashes. Although it may sound serious, scarlet fever can be effectively overcome through the means of an appropriate medical treatment with antibiotics. However, in some cases strep throat can lead to serious complications such as kidney problems, heart affections and rheumatic fever, which are very difficult to treat. In order to prevent the occurrence of such complications, doctors commonly prescribe antibiotics in the treatment of strep throat.

While antibiotics are effective in preventing the occurrence of various diseases associated with strep throat, these commonly prescribed drugs can’t always completely overcome infection with streptococcus bacteria. This type of bacteria has become very resistant to common antibiotics and nowadays doctors experience difficulties in prescribing an effective treatment for strep throat. In present, more and more patients who follow medical treatments with antibiotics suffer a relapse of the infection and due to this fact, doctors are looking for more effective ways of overcoming strep throat.

Due to their decreased efficiency in curing strep throat, antibiotics have lately been replaced by other forms of treatment. Homeopathic treatments have proved to be one of the best alternatives to antibiotics in overcoming infection with streptococcus bacteria, and they are nowadays recommended to most people who suffer from strep throat. Homeopathic treatments have fewer side-effects and they minimize the chances of relapse.

Belladonna is one of the most common medicines prescribed in homeopathic treatments for strep throat. Prescribed in the incipient stages of the illness, belladonna can rapidly alleviate throat inflammation and pain, it can decongest the airways and it can also ameliorate fever. Thanks to its antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties, Mercurius is also a very effective medicine for strep throat. Mercurius provides a rapid relief for throat inflammation and pain, and it can also fight against bacteria. Another effective medicine in the homeopathic treatment of strep throat is Phytolacca. This medicine can quickly alleviate throat swelling, pain and cough and it is usually prescribed to very young children. In order to speed up the process of recovery from illness, homeopathic treatments for strep throat can also include Echinacea and multivitamin supplements.

Combined with proper rest and a good diet, homeopathic treatments can effectively overcome strep throat, also minimizing the risk of relapse. Homeopathic treatments are very well tolerated by the organism and they are a lot safer than antibiotics. Prescribed for uncomplicated forms of strep throat, homeopathic treatments are a reliable alternative to antibiotics.

Safe and Natural Cures for Bad Breath

Bad breath is also associated with sinus infections because nasal discharge from your sinuses into the back of your throat can cause mouth odor. A child with bad breath may have a foreign object lodged in his or her nose. A bean or small item stuck in the nose can cause persistent nasal discharge and a foul odor.

Strep throat, tonsillitis and mononucleosis can cause bad breath until the throat infection clears. Bronchitis and other upper respiratory infections in which you cough up odorous sputum are other sources of bad breath. Canker sores may be related to bad breath, especially if they accompany periodontal disease.

Unripe guava is useful in halitosis. It is rich in tannic, malic, oxalic, and phosphoric acids as well as calcium, oxalate, and manganese. Chewing it is an excellent tonic for the teeth and gums. It helps cure bleeding from gums and stops bad breath. Chewing tender leaves of guava tree also stops bleeding from gums and bad breath.

Among the several home remedies for halitosis, the use of fenugreek has proved most effective. A tea made from the seeds of this vegetable should be taken regularly for correcting the condition. This tea is prepared by putting one teaspoon of seeds in half a litre of cold water and allowing it to simmer for fifteen minutes over a low flame. It should then be strained and used as tea.

Put a 1 or 2 cloves in your mouth. You can chew it or simply leave. Don’t worry if you swollow it it is harmless.

Rinse out mouth with H2O2 ( Hydrogen Peroxide) about30 seconds before brushing your teeth.

First rinse your mouth with listerene to break upparticles. Use a big tongue cleaner to get all of the gook off your tongue,you can buy it from Target. Brush your teeth. Use tongue cleaner again.Rinse with listerine. The tongue cleaner looks like an eye drop. Itcanot be any tongue cleaner. The bad breath is in your tongue.

Mix one part water with one part peroxide. You can find peroxide in every pharmacyAdd a pinch of salt and a pinch of baking soda so that it is not very salty but you can still taste the salt.This is your mouth wash.

You can add some essential oil or peppermint for taste but it is not neccessary Scrape your tounge with the tongue scraper or brush it with a tooth brush. Don’t brush too hard!!Then swish and gargle with the mouthwash you made above for a couple of minutes.Repeat twice per day or as needed. You will never have to buy mouthwash again.

Use a tongue scraper, which helps to remove dead cells, food particles and bacteria from the tongue. A tongue scaper is a special plastic instrument found in drug stores and some health food stores, that costs several dollars. In Ayurveda a thick coating on the tongue is called “ama” and is thought to be caused by improper or incomplete digestion.

Tongue cleaning with a scaper is recommended as a daily regimen to remove ama. The key is to do it gently and to rinse your mouth thoroughly afterward. If you can’t find a tongue scraper, use a toothbrush to clean your tongue.

Quotes on How to Deal With Difficult People

We all have to deal with difficult people from time to time. Perhaps it is a nosey neighbor or a bossy coworker. Fortunately, we can draw from the wisdom of the ages to help us gain inspiration. With this in mind, here are some quotes on how to deal with difficult people.

Dealing with negative criticism is the hardest. As Sydney B. Simon once wrote, "I defy anyone reading this book to tell me that she or he has ever felt indignant, let alone uplifted, enriched, cheered up, or enhanced when put on the receiving end of a blast of criticism. "

Another of Mr. Simon's quotes on how to deal with difficult people: "Thousand upon thousands of us [fail] to recognize that the knives of negative criticism which people stick in us are just as sharp and deadly as those made of steel and borne by assassins … Our society has somehow conditioned us to accept the notification that criticism of all sorts is bound to be good for us. That is it will make us more mature. That is one of the marks of being a grown up woman or man is the ability to absorb all Sorts of critical jabs, barbs, and thrusts. That the more it hurts the better for us. "

Mr. Simon is exactly right when he wrote this.

It's true that many people refuse to listen to completely justified criticism. However, we are being drowned by the "self-help" ruse that we must listen to criticism because it is always a "gift" from people who care about us!

The people who are so quick to point out the importance of listening to constructive criticism forget the flipside; That other people can use negative and destructive criticism as a powerful weapon to break us down!

Jay Carter, author of the book "Nasty People" called such difficult people "invalidators." He wrote: "It's hard to recognize and invalidator, because a truly good one can bypass the scrutiny of your logical mind, and you find yourself feeling bad without knowing why …. the invalidator actually feels inferior to some other person, so he Or she tries to make the other person feel small. "So, the invalidator can control the victim.

George Zgourides defined the constant critic thusly: "This opponent is fond of pointing out your imperfections … everything you do is bad … and the criticizer feels compelled to tell you all about it, even if you do not want to hear It. "

Detailed Information on Myopathy

Myopathy is a skeletal muscle disease or neuromuscular disorder. Myopathy can be obtained or inherited, and can arise at birth or later in life. Myopathies can cause from endocrine disorders, metabolic disorders, muscle infection or inflammation, drugs, and mutations in genes. In several cases, myopathies can be caused by a malfunctioning gland (or glands), which produces either too much or too little of the chemical messengers called hormones. Some of these disorders, such as polymyositis, dermatomyositis and inclusion body myositis, develop when the immune system attacks muscles.

This inflammation damages muscle tissue and makes them weak. Patients with myopathy grow weakness in the large muscles around the neck, shoulders and hips. This causes argument in climbing stairs, getting up from a chair or toilet seat, or reaching for objects overhead. Most patients have little if any pain in their muscles, which distinguishes them from patients with other forms of muscle disease, from those who have joint pain due to arthritis, and from those with numbness or tingling in their hands and feet due to neurological problems. Polymyositis is an inflammation of the muscle tissue that leads to weakness.

Other symptoms of myopathy can involve muscle cramps, stiffness, and spasm. There are several different types of myopathies, some of which are inherited, some inflammatory, and some caused by endocrine problems. Genetic myopathies involve central core illness, centronuclear (myotubular) myopathy, myotonia congenita, nemaline myopathy, paramyotonia congenita, periodic paralysis and mitochondrial myopathies. These forms vary by symptoms, severity and genetic mutation. Certain form of centronuclear myopathy, also known as myotubular myopathy, have been found to be X-linked and primarily affects males.

Congenital myopathies are a heterogeneous group of disorders that cause hypotonia in infancy or weakness and delayed motor milestones later in childhood. Metabolic myopathies are characterized by the absence of a substance that is essential for normal muscle function and are related with genetic defects. Treatment depends on the cause, and goals are to slow progression of the disease and relieve symptoms. Physical therapy and exercise are important in the treatment of myopathy. Calcium supplements and antidepressants may be prescribed to counteract the side effects.

Diabetes – Complications Can Be Retarded and Reversed

Juvenile onset diabetes; used to be called as Type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease that appears to be due to a defective gene that causes self destruction of insulin producing cells in the pancreas. This type of diabetes is most diagnosed in children, or young adults. It is also known to be Insulin Dependent diabetes; where Insulin must then be administered regularly to support life.

Adult onset diabetes, on the other hands, appears to be due to suppression or inhibition of normal pancreas production. Being over 55 years of age, overweight, lacking exercise, and consuming excessive amounts of refined sugar and dietary fat (more than 20% of daily calories) is the case, usually the administration of insulin is unnecessary but a pancreatic stimulant drug such as Metformin is often prescribed by physician to control the condition.

Insulin is a hormone that is needed to move blood sugar; also called Glucose into cells where it is stored and used later for energy. Insulin is necessary for conversion of the food into energy; without sufficient insulin, glucose accumulates in the bloodstream could cause complication of illness that increases the risk of Blindness, Heart Disease, Kidney Failure. Other complications, which may occur among diabetes sufferers, are Diabetes Foot Ulcerations and Diabetics Gangrene.

Diabetes Foot Ulcers usually happen in those who are middle aged and has suffered diabetes for more than 10 years! It is common and it occurs among 15% of the diabetes patients. The contribution factors include overweight, lack of exercise and unhygienic care of feet. Diabetic neuropathy, a common complication of Diabetes that causes the blood vessel walls to thicken and due to decreases blood flow to the leg and lower feet, it is damaging to the nerves of the leg that causes sensational pain; feet numb and unable to feel heat, cold, pressure, cuts or bruises. These conditions all becomes vulnerable that may caused gangrene.

Gangrene is a condition that involves the death and decay of tissue; it is treatable if the symptoms are recognized early. If it is not treated aggressively, causing the tissue to die then gangrene removal of dead tissue is usually treated by amputation of the affected limb; a traditional course of action.

There are many ways that could help in keeping the diabetes sufferers under check and also the first aid in retarding the complications that may cause. Hypertension is a known root cause for Heart Disease, Kidney Failure and Blindness. It is important for diabetics to have Hypertension checked; and prevent having high blood pressure!

For Adult onset diabetes, also called the Type 2 diabetes is vulnerable to anyone as one gets older. After going through five decades of luxuries in life that ends up totally unfit with Blood pressure, cholesterol and body mass index at extreme high level. People who have been diagnosed and contracted with Type 2 diabetes is reversible! Obviously, it is needed to get their health back urgently by switching to the Healthy Life style and regain the control of their weight, blood pressure and cholesterol before complicated illness set in.

At Last….Diabetes Sufferer can Reveals A 100%-NATURAL Way of reversing Diabetes to Lose Weight, Feel Healthier and Become More Energetic”

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