Right Sided Heart Failure Causes

The term heart failure, while loaded in context, is a general description of disorders related to the movement of blood to the heart or from the heart to the extremities. Heart failure does not mean that the heart has stopped pumping blood to the body, but it is characterized by an insufficient amount of blood reaching the heart and the rest of the body.

Many people believe heart failure defines a condition in which the heart is unable to pump blood. This definition is incorrect. In reality, the heart can still pump, but is unable to do so as effectively as it should, given the patient’s age and health. This results in the organs and tissues receiving less oxygenated blood, making tasks that were once easy more difficult.

Heart failure also called is congestive heart failure. Heart failure becomes more common with advancing age. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can’t pump enough blood throughout the body. Heart failure is a condition in which the heart can’t pump enough blood throughout the body.

Symptoms of Heart Failure can be classified in different ways. The conditions can be prevalent in the left or the right sections of the heart. this can occur due to contraction (systolic) or the relaxation (diastolic) phase of the heart. Whether the condition is due to increased venous pressure behind the heart or due to the arterial pressure in front of the heart. this can arise out of low or high cardiac output.

In children, Congestive Heart failure occurs most frequently secondary to structural abnormalities that result in increased blood volume and pressure. It is a symptom caused by an underlying cardiac defect, not a disease in itself, since it is usually the result of an excessive workload imposed on a normal myocardium.

If a person has heart failure, his heart may not pump enough blood to the lungs and other parts of the body during activity. The result is a shortage of oxygen and nutrients in the blood that make a person weak and tired. A backup of blood can be caused when the heart is not pumping well. Fluid leaks from the blood vessels into the tissues as a result of the backup.

Coronary artery disease is also one of the leading causes of heart attacks, which happen when plaque blocks the flow of blood (and oxygen) to an area of the heart. This causes damage and even the death of heart tissue. In adults, it takes time to develop heart failure, sometimes many years, as the pumping action of the heart gradually weakens.

The heart and circulatory system carry oxygen and nutrients around the body, but in cases of congestive heart failure, the muscle has weakened, the heart does not contract as well as before and is unable to provide adequate circulation to meet the body’s requirements. As a result the heart may beat faster but less effectively.

However, in some cases, it can no longer supply blood to their body as well, or at least not in the amounts of volume or pressure that it was designed for. When your dog’s output of blood from their heart is reduced or decreased at all, something very dangerous occurs; the blood entering the heart is increased. When the increase of your dog’s blood reverses, their heart changes the balance of fluid pressure that it provides.

The term heart failure suggests a sudden and complete stop of heart activity. But, actually, the heart does not suddenly stop. Rather, heart failure usually develops slowly, often over years, as the heart gradually loses its pumping ability and works less efficiently. Some people may not become aware of their condition until symptoms appear years after their heart began its decline.

Why Should Women Start Weightlifting Today

Myths provide our societies with irrational fears and often lead to individuals to stray from the right course of action. One of these myths happens to revolve around female bodybuilding; a lot of women shy away from weightlifting falsely thinking that it will make them look masculine and butch. This myth has been spreading for years now, although the biological factors in a female’s body could never allow such a thing without interference of steroids and hormone treatment.

Testosterone, a hormone found in abundance in a man’s body, helps a man to develop muscles and bulk up. Women on the other hand do have this hormone but in small quantities, thus they do not look buffed up no matter how much they exercise.

Weightlifting or strength training is actually crucial for women because of its many health benefits such as: maintenance of healthy bones, depression prevention, and back pains. Women weightlifters tend to have better posture for a simple reason; strength training helps the back, balance, and self esteem. Thus, women tend to walk taller after two weeks of strength training. Not to mention that the extra strength they gain helps them around the house or at work, and reduces injury possibilities when lifting heavy objects.

A well designed strength training plan will yield results within a couple of weeks; you will instantly feel the changes in your stress levels, confidence, and even weight. It is easier to lose weight or maintain a healthy weight when weightlifting, since it raises the body’s metabolism thus burning more calories. You may not notice a clear loss on the scale, but you’ll probably notice that your jeans are looser or your body is more toned. This mainly results because you will gain muscle and shed the fat, thus evening out the number on the scale. It is worth mentioning that a pound of muscle weighs more than a pound of fat, yet burns more calories at rest.

You can start with very simple steps, lift stuff around the house, play with your child, or dust the bookshelf at least once a week by moving all the books on the ground. Those are only initial steps that could develop into you signing up for a gym or simply buying dumbbells and launching a regular weightlifting program. Such a step will not only guarantee your well-being and happiness, but also prevent future health issues. It is advised for you to consult with a doctor before engaging in heavy weightlifting, and never lift heavier weights before you can do up to 8 reps at ease. Increase weight gradually; think gradual quality rather than instant quantity success.

The Physiological Side Effects of Steroid Use

There are athletes who frequently use and work with the oily forms of testosterone suspensions but the effect is not better as compared to the water dissolved type. For the sake of information, water-dissolved form of testosterone was the first kind of injectable steroid to be introduced. In Europe, especially during the 40’s, the injectable testosterone was the most common used steroid in the German armed forces and it helped in increasing aggressiveness and the militants stamina, and in the quick recovery which was failing for the undernourished prisoners of war. This steroid in use was nothing else but the common crystalline testosterone that was mixed with water to come up with the final product for intake.

In other steroidal issues, there might be a patient carrying a dose of pan-hypo-pituitarism courtesy of the Sheehan syndrome or what is the infarction of the postpartum pituitary. It is only under treatment for the adrenal crisis that there can be some severe compromises of cardiovascular nature which comes from the hypothyroidism of untreated association can probably result. It could even lead to an eventual death once the hypo-thyroid case has not been diagnosed. However, some of the causes that are most frequent have been sighted to be the idiopathic atrophy that is mostly auto-immune in terms of origin. For females, it’s very crucial for those who are in the pill to forget some steroids such as Nolvadex, since there could be a counter effect occurring if the pill containing estrogen and the Nolvadex containing anti-estrogen compounds are put within the same reaction chamber.

In many occasions, it happens to be sufficient, mostly if an athlete starts the preventive dosage intake of the substance Nolvadex after around 4 weeks prior to the consumption of the anabolic steroids. Many athletes who possess the unfortunate tendencies towards such conditions as gynecomastia, water retention as well as an increase in fat deposits after the usage of Dianabol, Anadrol, Testoviron and Deca depot usually are in the usage of around 25 mg in twenty four hours. A combined wholesome application of the substance Nolvadex of around 25 mg in a day could lead to some excellent results. In addition, the same ill fact is also true for those athletes who happen to be in competitions, as well as for females too. Liver complications might be the first thing they will start grappling with, as well as cardiovascular failure and rise in the pressure of blood.

The worst thing though is the occasioned male characteristics, where they start having male characteristics such as deep voice, lose of hair and even being bald as well as a lose of breasts. They look like males with female names. The clitoris also enlarges and grows in size as they start experiencing variations in libido and sexual pleasures. This is the truest testament of why we need anabolic substances, so that we can stop relieving the fate of our fore-fathers, becoming emaciated and giving up so easily for lack of a better substance, a wonder drug that can make us in what nature and nurture denied us.

Forex Day Trading Secrets – The Biggest Secret of ALL!

You will see them all over the net forex day trading and scalping systems offering you a regular income and the potential to earn money from the secrets they have discovered – but here is one secret you won’t find revealed by these vendors. To find out what it is read on.

Forex scalping and forex day trading systems all lose – want the proof? Read the disclaimer below you will see it or a similar one on ALL the systems sold so here it is:

“CFTC RULE 4.41 – Hypothetical or simulated performance results have certain limitations. Unlike an actual performance record, simulated results do not represent actual trading. Also, since the trades have not been executed, the results may have under-or-over compensated for the impact, if any, of certain market factors, such as lack of liquidity. Simulated trading programs in general are also subject to the fact that they are designed with the benefit of hindsight. No representation is being made that any account will or is likely to achieve profit or losses similar to those shown”.

So you have probably gathered what the above means – the forex day trading systems you see with huge regular profits have NEVER been traded. They have been simulated on past data – knowing where prices went.

Well that’s really hard! Could you do it?

Of course you could – anyone could and you could become a millionaire on paper, alas you can’t spend imaginary profits.

Its obvious why day trading is doomed to failure and that’s quite simply the time span is to short and there is no reliable data to work with, prices can and do go anywhere in a few hours or a day. You may as well toss a coin as it’s simply luck that will determine whether you win – but keep in mind luck doesn’t last forever and you will lose eventually.

People buy these systems because there a good story, so is James Bond but I don’t believe its real. Anyone buying one of these mechanical trading systems (if there still tempted) should ask themselves one question:

If the vendor can make so much money with no effort, then why is he selling it for a few hundred bucks or less? The answer is – he knows it doesn’t work but knows there will be another naïve, greedy or lazy trader who will buy it.

Don’t make this mistake.

If you want to make money in forex trading, you can but you must have reliable data and that means forex swing trading, or long term trend following. Do your homework, get the odds on your side and you can make money.

Leave forex day trading to the losers in forex trading and concentrate on being a winner. I have never seen a forex vendor tell anyone this day trading secret – Wonder why!

It is More Than What Song Lyrics Are Made Of: A Broken Heart Is Real

By Tricia Drevets

Every now and then, you read a news story about an elderly husband and wife who die within hours of each other. Relatives comment on how devoted they were to each other, and the testimony of how they wanted to be with each other in death is a touching reminder of the power of love.

However, not all stories associated with the phrase “dying of a broken heart” are as sentimental. In fact, some are a disturbing, yet important, reminder of the heart-brain connection.

Scientists believe that intense emotions, such as the grief associated with the death of a loved one, can shock your body into a fatal heart condition.  A recent example of what is known as Broken Heart Syndrome is the death of Debbie Reynolds the day after her daughter, Carrie Fisher, died.

Reynolds’ son, Todd Fisher, told an interviewer that his mother said, “’I want to be with Carrie.’ And then she was gone.”

As a mother who has experienced the death of a child, I can testify to the debilitating emotional and physical effects of intense grief. In the days and weeks after my eldest son’s death, I experienced lightheadedness, clumsiness, sleeplessness and heart palpitations. I had no idea I was in real danger.

One example is when I was on a quick supermarket errand several days after he died. An otherwise healthy individual, I inexplicably fell to the floor in the aisle. A little dazed and a lot embarrassed, I quickly scrambled up and headed out to my car, refusing to fill out a store accident report and assuring the worried store manager that I was fine.

It wasn’t until much later that I discovered that what I experienced was part of a disorder associated with intense grief. In fact, as the general public found out with the death of Debbie Reynolds, Broken Heart Syndrome is a real thing, and it is dangerous.

According to a 2014 study by researchers from St. George’s University of London that was published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA),  the chance of experiencing a heart attack or a stroke doubles within the first month after a loved one’s death.

What happens to a grief-stricken heart? In Broken Heart Syndrome, the heart muscle temporarily becomes paralyzed, and the left ventricle changes shape. The condition is also known as “Takotsubo,” which is Japanese for “octopus pot” because the heart resembles an octopus trap when the condition is present.

Angiograms reveal that in Broken Heart Syndrome, the heart’s arteries are not blocked as they are with a regular heart attack. They have changed shape. Other symptoms can mimic a heart attack, including chest pain and shortness of breath.

Although most victims of this disorder usually recover, an acute episode – especially in someone, like Reynolds, who had previous heart problems – can lead to cardiac arrest.

During a heart attack, a blockage or a spasm in in an artery cuts off the heart’s oxygen supply. With Broken Heart Syndrome, however, doctors believe that it is a hormone surge that causes the heart to pump irregularly. Since many victims of the disorder are post-menopausal women, doctors theorize that a lack of estrogen is a contributing factor.

However, the condition can affect anyone of any age. Here are two examples:

  • In 2012, Lindsay Clift, a 29-year-old British hairstylist, died just hours after her child was delivered stillborn. Her doctors believe her intense grief triggered an adrenaline surge that led to cardiac arrest. 
  • Marcus Ringrose, a 60-year-old man with no history of heart disease, succumbed to heart failure 12 days after the funeral of his wife, actress Mary Tamm, in 2012. Doctors believe the stress induced high levels of adrenaline that affected his heart.

According to Dr. Sunil Shah, one of the authors of the St. George’s University study, intense emotions, such as those caused by grief, can trigger blood clotting and fluctuations in heart rate and blood pressure. This stress and the resulting release of stress hormones “shock” the heart, leading to heart muscle weakness.

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Broken Heart Syndrome is just one example of a heart condition that women experience more frequently than men experience. Scientists don’t know why the disorder affects women more often than men, but they theorize that it has to do with the fact that women’s brains and bodies process emotions differently than men’s do.

What can we take away from the sudden death of Debbie Reynolds and this newfound interest in Broken Heart Syndrome? We can use it as a way to learn more about the risk of heart disease in women.

According to the American Heart Association, heart disease is the number one killer of women. Yet, most women do not know the warning signs of a heart attack or stroke and, therefore, they often ignore them until it is too late.

Symptoms of a heart attack in women

Some of the main symptoms of a heart attack – chest pain or tightness in the chest — are the same in men and women, but here are the typical symptoms in women:

  • Pressure or pain in the center of the chest. It may last for more than a few minutes, and it can come and go.
  • Pain in one or both of the arms, the jaw, back, neck or stomach.
  • Shortness of breath that may or may not accompany chest discomfort.
  • Cold sweat
  • Nausea
  • Lightheadedness.

According to some estimates, in the days after the death of someone close to you, the risk of suffering a heart attack goes up by 21 times. For the next six weeks, the risk is still six times greater than normal. Usually, after six to eight weeks, the hormone levels even out and return to a more normal range.

If you or someone you love is experiencing intense grief, it is important to recognize the risk of Broken Heart Syndrome and to seek medical help when necessary.

Maintaining a healthy diet and getting enough exercise can be a big help in combating Broken Heart Syndrome. I know that getting outside for my daily walk or hike made a big difference in my health and helped keep me somewhat sane.

Since grief never ends but continues to hit you in waves, nutrition and exercise continue to be a way for me to deal with my acute loss.

We never know when the unexpected can happen. As we begin a New Year, you can resolve to be there for someone who is grieving and to offer the love and support he or she needs to get through the intense emotional and physical roller coaster ride of grief.

Heart Disease Supplements

By taking certain health supplements, aging, diabetes, heart disease, blood pressure and cholesterol can be controlled. These supplements can also increase energy levels, making it easier to be more physically active. With these same health supplements, heart circulation, energy and strength can be increased, again allowing people to be more physically active.

Omega 3 is probably the most researched nutritional supplement in the world. The astounding health benefits of omega-3 have been studied by some of the most prestigious institutions and their findings have been reported in literally thousands of the world’s best peer-reviewed medical and scientific journals. The two most important omega 3 fatty acids that help support a healthy heart are eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA).

Food is good enough to keep us alive but apparently not good enough to fix us when we are sick. Nutritional supplements are necessary because the foods most of us eat are grown in mineral-depleted soils. There is evidence that increased intake of certain nutrients reduces the incidence of heart disease, cancer and stroke. The good word from these nutritional authorities is simple: we live longer and healthier if we exercise, have a good diet and supplement.

The herb ephedra (which is found in all dietary product and weight loss pills) and its extracts ephedrine and pseudo-ephedrine, found in over-the-counter cold remedies, can cause nervousness, insomnia, headache, and high blood pressure. Alkaloids, including substances such as caffeine, morphine, and quinine, which increase blood pressure and heart rate, all are to be avoided.

Saturated fat causes the liver to overproduce cholesterol. The liver makes about 75 percent of the cholesterol your body needs from internal sources, while the remaining 25 percent comes from food. But when you eat too much saturated fat, your liver keeps producing cholesterol and you end up with much more cholesterol than you need.

Clinical trials have attempted to study the relationship between CoQ10 and many chronic diseases including, but not limited to, heart disease, cancer and AIDS. But heart disease has gained the most attention; congestive heart failure being one of the primary subjects. Because heart muscle cells require so much energy to function and CoQ10 is at the core of the cellular energy process it makes sense to suspect that congestive heart failure might be linked to CoQ10 deficiency.

The overwhelming new cases of diabetes in the world today are the result of insulin resistance. Physicians are busy treating blood sugars rather than the underlying problem, the insulin resistance. Diet, exercise, and potent nutritional supplements all improve sensitivity to your own insulin and are critical in preventing diabetes from occurring in the first place or, if you already have diabetes, helping control your diabetes.

Stress has also been proven as a heavy contributor to health problems. B vitamins have been shown in many tests and trials to reduce stress through increasing serotonin in he brain and therefore elevating moods. A happier person is generally a healthier person with a better quality life and in turn a healthier heart.

Fish consumption and heart disease has been a topic of innumerable studies. One research project combined data taken from several such studies including the Chicago Western Electric Study, the Zutphen, Rotterdam and Swedish studies and the Study of U.S. Physicians among others. The goal of this research was to examine the relationship between fish consumption and the 30-year risk of death from coronary disease.

Read about how to reduce cellulite . Also read about cellulite cream and lower blood pressure supplements

Parenting While Diabetic

After the newness of adding a baby to the family moves from fairytale to reality, the word parenting has to move from an abstract thought to an action verb.

Parenting is a daunting task for any new couple, particularly moms who tend to be the primary caregiver. Never does a mother’s awareness of her own mortality come to the forefront of her consciousness than when she is pregnant and when she brings home a new baby. It is a particularly scary task for moms with chronic illness. Her mortality is a clearer picture, rather than a simple “what would happen to my baby if something bad happened to me?”

The chronic illness I understand and live with is diabetes, however as I talk about living with diabetes as my obstacle, the same is true for many chronic illnesses like asthma, chronic kidney disease, hypertension or heart disease. If you live with a different disorder, take these same ideas and exchange the health maintenance activity with your own. The key is to incorporate your additional requirements for managing your health into your life rather than limiting your life because of your health obstacle.

Here are some helpful tips for parenting at different child ages while managing diabetes:

When your baby is a newborn:

Having my son probably had the most profound impact on how I managed my diabetes. As I gazed into those beautiful brown eyes, I realized that the best thing I could do for him was to take care of myself.

The most difficult thing for me to do when I brought my new baby home from the hospital was deciding when to take a shower. Sure it sounds like that shouldn’t be such a big deal, but it was. Trying to predict when my baby took a nap long enough for me to jump into the shower seemed monumental. Greeting my husband, when he came home from work, in the same t-shirt and sweat pants that he kissed me goodbye in was growing old. The fact that my body was returning to it’s hormonal normal and that had an impact on my insulin requirements caused me to have to test my blood sugar a little more often.

After I decided no one would steal my baby while I showered, I wrote down a schedule of events and testing requirements that I had to do. Actually writing them down, helped me get into a routine that kept me healthy and didn’t interfere in caring for my new baby.

When your child is in elementary school

Elementary school is a fun time and it can be nerve racking too, especially if you work outside of the home. I found that starting my day at 5:30 am was imperative. It allowed me time to think, plan and prepare my day before the rush of my son and husband also getting ready for school and work. It allowed me to review my son’s schedule of events: field trips, hot lunch or bag lunch, after school activities… It allowed me time to check the family calendar for any dinner commitments my husband made. It also allowed me time to review what my day at work had in store for me. I could then take out meat to thaw for dinner, pack after school sports snack, and pack my brief case or finish any last minute work I had brought home. It was a time to evaluate whether I had enough testing supplies, lunch or midday snacks for my refrigerator at work so that I could pack them as well.

Planning ahead is the key to success.

When your child is in middle and high school

While the child is older and you presumably need to physically do less, it is a bigger emotional step toward separation from your child into adulthood. In order to do as the adage suggests, “we are raising adults not children”, we need to back off on some of the preparing we did as parents for the children so that they can begin their own routine.

Use the time to teach your child how to prepare and fine tune your own health maintenance schedule. Sleep in a little later; add a beauty ritual.

When the adult you have raised goes off to college

Now that you’ve figured this diabetes management while parenting thing all out, now there’s no child to raise and just you to think about-well, kinda…at least that’s where you hope to get!

So now, really do that-perfect that health management schedule the way you would have if you didn’t have to ________. Rekindle that couple’s relationship with your husband that you used to have pre-baby.

Top 10 Deadly Superbugs – Multidrug Resistant Bacteria

Superbugs are multidrug resistant bacteria which are able to survive exposure to even the most powerful antibiotics. Here, we list our top 10 deadly superbugs which are causing fear across the world.

10) C. difficile

C. difficile is a spore-forming bacterial species associated with severe, sometimes fatal, diarrhoea. It is unclear how many healthy, asymptomatic adults carry C. diff in their colons, but in times of ill health, and especially after broad-spectrum antibiotic treatment, it can overgrow and cause disease.

C. difficile is one of the most common infections acquired by patients while they are in hospital. Since many strains of C. difficile are now resistant to antibiotics, early intervention and aggressive treatment with specific anticlostridial antibiotics are essential for the patient to recover from the infection.

9) Resistant salmonella

In 2011, a report in the Journal of Infectious Disease identified a strain of Salmonella resistant to the most powerful antibiotics in the UK, France and Denmark. The strain, known as S. Kentucky, has developed resistance to the antibiotic Ciprofloxacin, often used for treating severe Salmonella cases.

Most of the millions of Salmonella infections a year are not serious, causing only mild stomach upsets. Occasionally, however, they can be life-threatening and may need treatment with antibiotics. S. Kentucky had infected nearly 500 patients around the world between 2005 and 2008.

8) NDM-1

In 2011, a new superbug that is resistant to even the most powerful antibiotics was discovered in UK hospitals. Bacteria that make up an enzyme called NDM-1 had travelled back with patients who went abroad to Asia for cosmetic surgery.

NDM-1 can exist inside different bacteria and make them resistant to a powerful group of antibiotics, carbapenems. So far two types of bacteria have been host to NDM-1 – the gut bug E.coli and another that can invade the lungs called Klebsiella pneumonia.

One way of avoiding superbugs prevalent in the NHS is with private medical cover. With private medical cover you will stay in a private room with an ensuite bathroom, reducing your chances of catching a bug like NDM-1.

7) Pneumonia

KPC-possessing K. pneumoniae causes pneumonia, urinary tract infections, and sepsis; the mortality rate from these infections is extremely high. KPC has developed resistance to most classes of antibiotics, and is already starting to become resistant to the remaining successful few.

In 2011, KPC accounted for 259 of the new cases of superbugs in the UK. There was just one reported case in 2007. Compare health insurance online now to ensure you get treated in a private room.

6) E.coli

In 2011, the massive outbreak of antibiotic-resistant E.coli O104 in Europe infected more than 3,000 people and killed around 50. The illness was characterized by bloody diarrhoea, with a high frequency of serious complications, including haemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS).

Because O104 strains are almost never resistant to antibiotics, the outbreak led people to speculate whether the superbug was actually bio-engineered.

5) USA300

Potentially deadly strains of MRSA that can be passed between people outside of hospitals are increasing in the UK. USA300 is one of these strains, which is already causing huge problems in America.

USA300 can lead to a flesh-eating form of pneumonia that erodes lung tissue. It also puts the sufferer at risk of fatal blood poisoning. The infection passes easily through skin to skin contact and can survive on surfaces, giving it the potential to be picked up on crowded buses and tubes. USA300 is resistant to treatment by several front-line antibiotics.

4) Super Gonorrhoea

Scientists recently found a ‘superbug’ strain of gonorrhoea in Japan that is resistant to all recommended antibiotics, called H041. Gonorrhoea is caused by Neisseria gonorrhoeae, a bacterium that can grow and multiply easily in the warm, moist areas of the reproductive tract.

Gonorrhoea has progressively developed resistance to the antibiotic drugs prescribed to treat it. The emergence of cephalosporin-resistant gonorrhoea would mean doctors have no other option than to try untested medicines on the disease. Experts say that H041 could transform a once easily treatable infection into a global health threat.

3) Drug-resistant tuberculosis

TB is one of the world’s biggest killers, second only to HIV among infectious diseases, and is usually treatable with a course of antibiotics. Cases of antibiotic-resistant TB were reported for the first time in 2012 by Indian doctors in Mumbai.

Whilst doctors in a Mumbai hospital claimed the disease was a totally resistant strain, A WHO official in India said that the there is no recognised case of totally drug resistant TB anywhere in the world. However, the report causes concern over India’s ability to control the disease in the future.

2) Drug-resistant malaria

Each year about 2,000 people return to the UK with malaria, and approximately 12 people a year die as a consequence of the disease.

Now, the malaria parasite is developing resistance one of the most important anti-malarial drugs, artemisinin. At the moment, no other class of drugs is available to replace artemisinin, and none are near the end of the development pipeline. Scientists worry that if resistant parasites make their way to Africa, where the vast majority of malaria cases occur, mortality will soar.

1) Armageddon bird flu

A super-strain of the bird flu virus, dubbed the ‘Armageddon virus’ has been developed in a laboratory by Dutch scientists. The virus is an H5N1 bird flu strain which was genetically altered to become much more contagious.

Classed as ‘one of the most dangerous viruses you can make’, the virus has the potential to kill up to half the world’s population. Academics and bioterrorism experts are now arguing over whether to publish the recipe.

GLOBALISATION OF INDIAN BUSINESS

GLOBALISATION OF INDIAN BUSINESS

             India’s economic integration with the rest of the world was very limited because of the restrictive economic policies followed until 1991. Indian firms confined themselves, by and large, to the home market. Foreign investment by Indian firms was very insignificant.

            With the new economic policy ushered in 1991, there has, however, been a change. Globalisation has in fact become a buzz-word with Indian firms now, and many are expanding their overseas business by different strategies.

            This section takes a look at the hurdles to and prospects for globalisation of Indian business and the different globalisation strategies.

Obstacles To Globalisation

            The Indian business suffers from a number of disadvantages in respect of globalisation of business. The important problems are the following.

Government Policy and Procedures: Government policy and procedures in India are among the most complex, confusing and cumbersome in the world. Even after the much publicised liberalisation, they do not present a very conducive situation. One prerequisite for success in globalisation is swift and efficient action. Government policy and the bureaucratic culture in India in this respect are not that encouraging.

High Cost: High cost of many vital inputs and other factors like raw materials and intermediates, power, finance infrastructural facilities like port etc., tend to reduce the international competitiveness of the Indian business.

Poor Infrastructure: Infrastructure in India is generally inadequate and inefficient and therefore very costly. This is a serious problem affecting the growth as well as competitiveness.

Obsolescence: The technology employed, mode and style of operations etc., are, in general, obsolete and these seriously, affect the competitiveness.

Resistance to Change: There are several socio-political factors which resist change and this comes in the way of modernisation, rationalisation and efficiency improvement. Technological modernisation is resisted due to fear of unemployment. The extent of excess labour employed by the Indian industry is alarming. Because of this labour productivity is very low and this in some cases more than offsets the advantages of cheap labour.

Poor Quality Image: Due to various reasons, the quality of many Indian products is poor. Even when the quality is good, the poor quality image India has becomes a handicap.

Supply Problems: Due to various reasons like low production capacity, shortages of raw materials and infrastructures like power and port facilities, Indian companies in many instances are not able to accept large orders or to keep up delivery schedules.

Small Size: Because of the small size and the low level of resources, in many cases Indian firms are not able to compete with the giants of other countries. Even the largest of the Indian companies are small compared to the multinational giants.

Lack of Experience: The general lack of experience in managing international business is another important problem.

Limited R & D and Marketing Research: Marketing Research and R & D in other areas are vital inputs for development of international business. However, these are poor in Indian business

            Expenditure on R & D in India is less than one per cent of the GNP while it is two to three percent in most of the developed countries. In 1994-95, India’s per capita R&D expenditure was less than $3 when it was between S100 and $825 for most of the developed nations.

Growing Competition: The competition is growing not only from the firms in the developed” countries but also from the developing country firms. Indeed, the growing competition from the developing country firms is a serious challenge to India’s international business.

Trade Barriers: Although the tariff barriers to trade have been progressively reduced thanks lo the GATT/WTO, the non-tariff barriers have been increasing, particularly in the developed countries. Further, the trading “blocs like the NAFTA, EC etc., could also adversely affect India’s business.

Factors Favouring Globalisation

Although India has several handicaps, there are also a number of favourable factors for globalisation of Indian business.

Human Resources: Apart from the low cost of labour, there are several other aspects of human resources to India’s favour. India has one of the largest pool of scientific and technical manpower. The number of management graduates is also surging. It is widely recognised that given the right environment, Indian scientists and technical personnel can do excellently. Similarly, although the labour productivity in India is generally low, given the right environment it will be good. While several countries are facing labour shortage and may face diminishing labour supply , India presents the opposite picture. Cheap labour has particular attraction for several industries.

Wide Base: India has a very broad resource and industrial base which can support a variety of businesses.

Growing Entrepreneurship: Many of the established industries are planning to go international in a big way. Added to this is the considerable growth of new and dynamic entrepreneurs who could make a significant contribution to the globalisation of Indian business.

Growing Domestic Market: The growing domestic market enables the Indian companies to consolidate their position and to gain more strength to make foray into the foreign market or to expand their foreign business.

Niche Markets: There are many marketing opportunities abroad present in the form of market niches. (A niche is a small segment of a market ignored or not properly served by large players). Such niches are particularly attractive for small companies. Several Indian companies have become very successful by niche marking.

Expanding Markets: The growing population and disposable income and the resultant expanding internal market provides enormous business opportunities.

Transnationalisation of World Economy: Transnationalisation of the world economy, i.e., the integration of the national economies into a single world economy as evinced by the growing interdependence and globalisation of markets is an external factor encouraging globalisation of India business.

NRIs: The large number of non-resident Indians who are resourceful – in terms of capital, skill, experience, exposure, ideas etc., is an asset which can contribute to the globalisation of Indian

business. The contribution of the overseas Chinese to the recent impressive industrial development of China may be noted here.

Economic Liberalisation: The economic liberalisation in India is an encouraging factor of globalisation. The delicensing of industries, removal of restrictions on growth, opening up of industries earlier reserved for the public sector, import liberalisations, liberalisation of policy towards foreign capital and technology etc., could encourage globalisation of Indian business. Further, liberalisation in other countries increases the foreign business opportunities for Indian business.

Competition: The growing competition, both from within the country and abroad, provokes many Indian companies to look, to foreign markets seriously to improve their competitive position and to increase the business. Sometimes companies enter foreign market as a counter – competitive strategy, i.e., m fight the foreign company in its own home market to weaken its competitive strength.

 

C.Pavithira

M.Phil Scholar

Department of Commerce

Periyar University, Salem-11

Faster STD Test Results

When it comes to sexually transmitted diseases, time is of the essence. Getting tested and treated as quickly as possible after being exposed to an STD can mitigate the potentially serious health consequences associated with contracting the disease. The Springfield-Greene County Health Department is just the latest to fight the good fight in the war against STDs.

KY 3 News out of Springfield, Missouri, recently reported that the department "fights spread of STDs with faster testing." How is it accomplishing this aim? Through a process that allows "testing through a urine test instead of a swab for gonorrhea and chlamydia."

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) estimates that there are more than 700,000 new cases of gonorrheal infections each year in the US Of them, only about half are reported to CDC. Even more startling, an estimated three million people are infected with chlamydia each year in the United States, many of them never even knowing it. And this obliviousness is putting them at serious risk for longstanding side effects.

According to the Palo Alto Medical Foundation, "If left untreated, gonorrhea may lead to pelvic inflammatory disease." The same is true of chlamydia. An infection of the uterus, fallopian tubes and other reproductive organisms, pelvic inflammatory disease, or PID as it is commonly referred to, can in turn "lead to serious consequences including infertility, ectopic pregnancy, abscess formation, and chronic pelvic pain."

And men are not immune to these harmful side effects. Untreated chlamydia can infect the tubes of the testicles, leading to abscesses and potential infertility. That's why rapid STD testing and treatment are so important. And because a urine test is quick, painless and non-invasive, it encourages individuals who might otherwise be resistant to consent to STD testing.

And as the news source points out, the best part of this type of STD testing is that the results are back in a couple of days. Individuals who want to protect themselves from the serious consequences of an STD but who wants to remain totally anonymous when it comes to how and where they are tested may want to consider an online testing service that has partnered with reputable labs nationwide to provide them with the Rapid and confidential results they seek.

The process is a simple one. Simply log on to the site and order the pertinent tests. A Peace of Mind package that includes ten tests (HIV-1 Abs, Hepatitis B Panel (3 tests), Hepatitis C Antibody, Herpes 1 & 2 IgG ELISA, Syphilis RPR, Chlamydia and Gonorrhea) is a popular choice that will leave you resting easy. Next, go to the lab of your choosing for urine and / or blood samples. Finally, sit back and wait for your anonymous results to come in. Typical turnaround times are one to three business days, providing you with rapid results so you can seek timely treatment, if necessary, you prevent long-term consequences.

Springfield- Greene County Health Department's spokesperson, who spoke with KY 3 News, sums it up succinctly, "It's (rapid-result STD testing's) a piece of mind; [it] protects yourself, your loved ones, and, in general, protects The community. "

Eating Disorders – The Three Types

There are three main types of eating disorders; These are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa and Binge Eating Disorder. The term eating disorder is used to describe any eating patterns that are obsessive and long lasting. In the last 20 to 30 years or so there has been a marked increase in the amount of people troubled by these disorders. Let's have a brief look at the three variants. Anorexia nervosa is a disorder where individuals starve themselves of food, because they have an obsessive linging to be thin. This disorder tends to affect mainly teenage girls, but can also affect men, and it is serious and sometimes even fatal. About half of the people with anorexia who have hospital treatment still struggle with the disorder and have symptoms for a long time afterwards.

One trait of sufferers seems to be a lack of self-esteem. Bulimia nervosa, Bulimia nervosa, usually shortened to bulimia, is a disorder where individuals have a binge-eating session; This is usually then followed by them making themselves sick. This self-induced vomiting is because of feelings of guilt at having eten so much. People with bulimia tend to suffer from an unnatural prior with their own body, and as with anorexic patients they have a fear of gaining weight. Individuals who suffer with bulimia will devour huge quantities of food in an attempt to reduce stress, and help them deal with feelings of anxiety. Binge eating disorder involves bouts of overeating high calorie foods on a regular basis, but unlike bulimia sufferers, they do not make themselves vomit. People with this disorder not surprisingly, are usually overweight.

This disorder was first recognized about 45 years ago; But it is only in recent times that it has been seen as a widespread problem. Studies have shown that binge eating looks to run in families, so it looks like there is a genetic link. The rather worrying news is that the big three eating disorders – anorexia, bulimia, and binge eating disorder, are reported to be on the rise all around the world.

Bronchitis Relief

Bronchitis disease can cause a lot of discomfort especially due to airways congestion. Bronchitis relief is done by taking bronchodilaters. The condition is caused by inflammation of the airways by pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. The viruses involved include rhino virus, adenoviridae, syncytial virus and the influenza. The symptoms include an expectorant cough, shortness of breath, fever, fatigue, wheezing and occasional chest pains.

Bronchitis relief medication should only be taken after a proper diagnosis and medication proscription from a doctor. Self medication of the condition is discouraged. This is because you may not be able to know what the real cause of the condition is until a proper diagnosis from a doctor.

The tests done include blood tests, sputum test sometimes chest x-rays. The x-rays are done to establish how far the condition has spread. The medication for bronchitis relief usually depend on the cause of the condition. This mainly are the viruses and bacteria pathogens. Other causes are inhaling dangerous fumes and smoking. If the condition is caused by bacteria infections, antibiotics are taken to destroy all the harmful pathogens in the body.

An expectorant cough syrup can be taken together with the antibiotics. Expulsion of the pathogens from the lungs is necessary for total healing from the disease. Bronchodilaters can be used together with the antibiotics and the expectorant cough syrup. These are good bronchitis relief remedies. As a result of mucous building up in the airways, shortness of breath and wheezing are experienced. Bronchodilaters give immediate relief from these symptoms.

Physiotherapy of Your Shoulder

The function of the human arm is to allow placement of the hand in useful positions so the hands can perform activities where the eyes can see them. Because of the huge range of positions required the shoulder is very flexible with a large motion range, but this is at the expense of some reduced strength and greatly reduced stability. A “soft tissue joint” is often a description of the shoulder, indicating it is the tendons, muscles and ligaments which are important to the joint’s function. Shoulder treatment and rehabilitation is a core physiotherapy skill.

The shoulder joint is constructed from the socket of the scapula and the humeral head, the ball at the top of the upper arm bone. The head of the upper arm is a large ball and important tendons insert onto it to move and stabilise the shoulder, but the shoulder socket, the glenoid, is small in comparison and very shallow. A cartilage rim, the labrum of the glenoid, deepens the socket and adds to stability. The acromio-clavicular joint lies above the shoulder joint proper and provides dynamic stability during arm movements, being made up from part of the scapula and the outer end of the clavicle.

The major stability and flexibility joints of the upper limb shoulder girdle are the scapulothoracic and glenohumeral joints and these joints are held steady and moved by large and powerful muscles. The pectoralis major and latissimus dorsi muscles stabilise and perform strong movements, the serratus anterior stabilises the scapula on the thorax, the rotator cuff stabilises the humeral head on the socket and the deltoid and other muscles perform movements. The shoulder blade and thorax need to be kept in a stable relationship for the glenohumeral joint to perform precise and controlled movements.

Around the shoulder all the muscles narrow down into flat, fibrous tendons, some larger and stronger, some thinner and weaker. All these tendons are anchoring themselves to the humeral head, allowing their muscles to act on the shoulder. The rotator cuff includes a group of relatively small shoulder muscles, the subscapularis, the supraspinatus, the infraspinatus and the teres minor. The tendons form a wide sheet over the ball, allowing muscle forces to act on it. The rotator cuff, despite its name, acts to hold the humeral head down on the socket and allow the more powerful muscles to perform shoulder movements. 

With age, small degenerative tears occur in the tendons of the cuff, in some cases painful and in others not, causing loss of movement and strength. As tears progress they can become massive, cutting off the cuff muscle power from the humeral head and severely reducing function. Rotator cuff strengthening work is performed by physiotherapists and if the tears are severe they concentrate on anterior deltoid strength to improve functional ability in the absence of cuff power. Shoulder surgeons can repair many rotator cuff tears and physiotherapists rehabilitate patients following the shoulder protocols.

Osteoarthritis (OA) more commonly affects the hips and the knees, however the shoulder can be severely affected in which cases physiotherapy can help with advice, mobilisation of the joints and work on strength and joint motion. Once physiotherapy treatment has been tried then total shoulder replacement is the only remaining treatment option, surgical replacement occurring of the head of the arm bone and the socket of the shoulder blade. As the shoulder is referred to as a “soft-tissue joint” it is the balance and strength of the tendons, muscles and ligaments that determines a good outcome for the replacement. Physiotherapists closely follow the surgical protocols to get the optimal results.

Physiotherapists treat many other types of shoulder problems such as impingement, tendinitis, hypermobility, abnormal muscle patterning, fractures and dislocations. Impingement is treated by strengthening the rotator cuff or by subacromial injection or acromioplasty operation, where the end of the acromion can be excised. Tendinitis is treated by direct treatment of the tendon and graded strengthening and hypermobility by stability work and accepting the limitations dictated by the condition. Abnormal muscle patterning is managed by teaching normal patterns functionally and fractures and dislocations by the protocols laid down by the surgeons and trauma physiotherapists.

Get Six Pack Abs Now!

I am a 30-year-old male with a weak midsection because whatever I do – change my diet, perform abdominal crunches, I would still get a lousy, flabby tummy. I tried to workout everyday for hours for the past 2 weeks now and it never seems to change much for my midsection. What must I do?

ANSWER: That is easy! Create a SMART Goal – SMART stands for Specific, Measurable, Attainable, Realistic and Time-bounded. You should understand that results do not show immediately only after 2 weeks of working it out. Continue what you are doing as I see you are doing a great job. The best way for you is to get a picture of yourself now, and have your picture taken again after 4 to 8 weeks and you will see the difference.

You only mentioned that you have been using abdominal crunches and changing your diet. There are however, many different exercises for the midsection that you could choose from and vary its use on different days. Check out some of abs workout program guide to better help you decide which abs exercise you would need for your workout day. Plus, try to workout for only a short period of time, not prolonged hours, and minimize getting a longer rest period in between exercises.

You should be able to get six packs abs within about 6 to 8 months of continuously working out and increasing the challenges in the workout. After about 4 weeks, include weights in your abs workout to make it more challenging. The results will be amazing!

Speech Language Pathologist – A Great Career Choice

Speech Language Pathologists (SLPs) help people with neurological problems such as Cerebral Palsy or Multiple Sclerosis, or people that are deaf or may have speech impairment or disability.

If you are considering a profession in Speech Language Pathology you need to obtain a High School Diploma or GED. Next you need to complete undergraduate programs such as Psychology, Linguistics and Physiology. After this you must obtain a Master’s degree. A Master’s Degree Program can take anywhere from 2 to 4 years. It includes taking classes in Acoustics, Linguistics, Voice Development and Disorders, Psychology and Neurology. Most of these programs will require practical training as well which can vary depending on the school and location.

Most of the states in the US require SLPs to have a license. In order to obtain one you must have achieved a Master’s degree. One must also have a passing score on the National Examinations for Speech Language Pathology Licensing.

Once you have achieved your Master’s Degree, you will need to find a job. Even during the bad job market there has been a lot of SLP jobs on the market. You have the option to work in private offices, physician’s offices or Speech Therapy Centers. Most of the SLPs work 8-10 hours a day but some also work on the weekends to accommodate their client’s schedules.

SLPs make an average salary of $35,000 to $ 70,000 which can vary depending on the location and experience. Speech Language Pathologists provide a better way for the needy to communicate or help them improve the methods they have already been taught. If you are someone who likes to help others and make a difference in someone’s life, it is a great choice.