How to Prevent Diabetic Foot Ulcers

One of the unfortunate side effects of having type 2 diabetes, is the possibility of also becoming afflicted with foot ulcers. It is a sickness, which is developed by 10 to 15 percent of diabetics, is caused when a foot wound becomes severely infected. Diabetics generally suffer from a slowed healing of wounds and arterial abnormalities, which puts them at an even greater risk to develop it. Aside from being extremely painful, foot ulcers can result in an infection so devastating, that the infected area would require amputation. Fortunately, foot ulcers do not have to become a reality for all diabetics. These ulcers can be prevented when certain preventive measures are carefully taken.

Foot Ulcer Prevention

The first step to preventing the formation is practicing satisfactory hygiene. It is important to keep the feet clean and check them regularly for sores or lacerations. Clean all wounds carefully, paying extra attention to apply infection-preventing ointments and change the dressings frequently. At the first sign of infection, consult a doctor who may administer treatment, to prevent the infection from worsening and resulting in an ulcer.

The second step to prevention is choosing the correct diabetic supplies, like footwear. The best choices for footwear are either custom-made shoes, or shoes are comfortable, supportive, and fit perfectly. Generally, athletic style shoes are recommended for the support that they offer. The idea of ​​choosing such a shoe is that no lesions will be created from a poor fit or excessive rubbing. Other diabetic supplies, like special diabetic socks may also be purchased to ensure both comfort and added protection of the foot. While it may be impossible to prevent the feet from ever sustaining a wound, if these steps are taken, foot ulcers can be completely prevented.

How To Properly Care For A Foot Ulcer

If it is already too late for preventive measures and a foot ulcer has appeared, it is imperative to properly care for the infection. In most cases, a foot ulcer will not be able to be properly cared for at home. While visiting a doctor may be inconvenient, it is important that an ulcer is not allowed to worsen to the point where amputation is necessary.

Upon visiting a doctor, an oral antibiotic will usually be administrated. This is to prevent staph and other infections, and to heal the infection inside the body. In addition, a doctor can properly dress the wound and apply topical medications to fight the infection. In severe cases, surgery may be required to remove severely damaged and infected tissue and to prevent the infection from spreading. When taken care of properly, foot ulcers can be made to heal completely, and preventive measures should be carefully taken to avoid additional foot ulcers in the future.

Ayurvedic Medicine

Alternative medicine is a term to describe healing practice that is beyond conventional medicine. A few popular form of highly commercialized alternative medicine are Naturopathy, traditional Chinese medicine, Ayurveda, meditation, homeopathy and diet-based therapies. Frequently grouped with complementary medicine, alternative medicine comes from different foundations and practices.

The basis of the practice could originate from traditional medicine, folk knowledge, spiritual belief, or newly found approached towards healing. As more people turn towards alternative medicine, governmental and scientific bodies are setting a benchmark to regulate those practices and perform research to prove their claim of effectiveness. Regulation by health and scientific bodies will help in preventing malpractice which can in some cases cause negative effects to patients. More and more medical colleges are offering courses in alternative medicine. Future doctors and health practitioners were trained to open their mind towards the possibility of coupling conventional medicine with alternative medicine.

Ayurvedic medicine is one of the oldest forms of alternative medicine practiced by Hindus. In India, Sri Lanka and Pakistan, conventional medical practitioners work together with Ayurvedic doctors to treat patients. Based on complete heathcare system through detoxification, diet, exercise, herbal medicine and techniques to improve mental and emotional health, Ayurvedic medicine is practiced to maintain health and prevent illnesses. Revolving around keeping the three vital energies balanced, Ayurveda considers good digestion and positive emotions as keys to good health. Infants to older people can benefit from Ayurvedic medicine which can cure many modern conditions or diseases. Most locales will have at least a shop where you can buy Ayuvedic medicine after seeking advice from a certified practitioner.

Buy Ayurvedic medicine if you are thinking of quitting smoking or if you want to cure your indigestion. Ayurvedic herbal clinic offers herbal cigarettes which provides alternative to tobacco and is claimed to be effective in breaking addiction. Smokers are promised clarity of mind, throat, chest and even the five senses when smoking the herbal cigarettes. It contains no chemicals and shows amazing results as tested by many users. Other than getting off cigarette, it can also strengthen your immune system. Herbal cigarettes can help with preventing depression, anxiety, and weight gain normally associated with quitting. You will have reduced nicotine craving and a more control appetite at the same time. Indigestion is another problem busy modern people suffer in silence. Himalaya Ayurvedic Herbal Tea for digestion will help in regulating digestive system and provide relief from abdominal discomfort. You can say goodbye to indigestion, belching, hyperacidity and flatulence just by taking a cup of tea two times a day after meals.

Herbal medicine prepared for Ayurvedic treatments are prepared by government licensed producers in India. The preparation of the herbal medicine requires long processes but it is currently aided with modern technologies. You can buy Ayurvedic Medicine in the form of liquid, tablets, powder or paste. There are absolutely no chemicals in ayurvedic medications. Exercise, Yoga and meditation may also be advised for people seeking this alternative treatment. Ayurvedic herbal medicines can treat problems on digestions, circulation, metabolic disorders, disorder of nervous system and symptoms such as insomnia, headache, tension, anxiety, high blood pressure, blood sugar problems, injuries and others.

Triphala – An Ayurvedic Cure for Innumerable Diseases

Triphala is a natural herbal medicine that is a perfect combination of three fruits mainly – the Gooseberry, the Bellirica Myrobalan and the Chebulic Myrobalan. Basically originated in India, it is considered the best remedy for a number of diseases. It is a unique and distinct herbal medicine known to be a boon to human civilization.

Hoarded with innumerable medicinal values, the Triphala is easily available in almost all the ayurvedic stores both in India and abroad. It can also be availed from many of the online stores at reasonable rates. It helps to cure constipation and indigestion among many other medicinal benefits. Let's examine some of the medicinal benefits of this herbal formulation.

Triphala- An Ayurvedic Boon

Known to be an excellent laxative, this herbal medicine purifies the blood and cleanses the colon. It helps to treat Irritable Bowel Syndrome and reduces constipation. Triphala has an immense effect in curing many of the diseases related to the digestive systems. Some of the digestive problems that it cures include:

• Pain in the abdomen: it helps to cure abdominal pain and cramps caused due to indigestion.
• Constipation: as it is an excellent laxative, it helps to reduce constipation and clears the bowel.
• Increases appetite: it also helps to boost appetite by increasing the digestion in the body.
• Cures liver disorders: Triphala is effective in curing sever liver disorders.
• Controls acidity: it also helps to treat acidity by its neutralization effects. It is also an effective remedy for hyperacidity.

It is also known to act positively on the reproductive system of the body. It helps to cure infertility in men by improving the sperm counts. Reproductive tract diseases in women can also be treated with the help of this herbal medicine. Common diseases like irregular menstruation, excess bleeding, vaginal discharge and amenorrhea can be cured by the consumption of Triphala.

Effective Remedy for Respiratory Diseases

The herbal medicine is an effective cure for common cold and coughs. It helps to reduce mucus or phlegm formed in the chest and thereby reduces chest congestions. It also increases the immunity of the body and current respiratory disorders.

Triphala is a well known cure for headache and fatigue. It helps to cure migraine and is an excellent eye tonic. In addition to the above, this unique herbal combination helps to reduce blood glucose levels in the body. It also acts as an effective cure against different types of skin ailments. Being an excellent colon cleanser, it helps to detoxify the body of all harmful elements.

It also helps to reduce obesity and controls the accumulation of unnecessary fat in the body. It also acts as an effective cure in decreasing the cholesterol levels in the blood. The herbal medicine also helps to reduce both internal and external inflammation.

Since this herbal medicine is bundled with countless medicinal values, the Triphala manufacturers have made the product available in the form of capsules, tablets and powder. All these products can be availed at affordable prices from the online suppliers listed in the business ports.

Dog Intestinal Diseases – Some Common Problems

The following describes some common canine intestinal problems seen historically in all dogs:

Gastric Torsion, Dilation, and Bloat:

This health problem is usually found in large and heavy breeds and often in big crossbred dogs. There are several possibilities as to the cause regarding this often-fatal condition.

Keeping your dog to exercise right after a hearty meal is a factor that boosts gastric torsion. Another is the habit of feeding the large canine on the floor or ground.

Approximately two to six hours after eating, an affected dog's stomach expends with gas and twists on its long axis. This distortion keeps the gas from getting out by burping. The dog repeatedly tested to throw up, but is not able to do so and spits thick saliva in small amounts. A veterinarian may attempt to pass a stomach tube to treat the stomach gas, however due to the twist, those attempts are oftentimes unsuccessful.

Bloating causes sharp stomach pains, which is followed by shock. Quick surgery may spare the pet, but regrettably by the time the dog arrives at a veterinary hospital, it may be suffering from advanced toxemia (toxic substances in the blood) and attempts to save the pet might be too late.

There are a number of steps you can take that will help keep this condition from developing. Feed your dog when his physical activity is minimal. Elevate his food bowl by setting it on a porch step, which will minimize swallowing air. Feed frequent, small meals or give him free-choice feeding. Whenever you find it necessary to feed a large meal, make certain he stays quiet for an hour or so afterwards. Do not let him overindulge with water following a meal. Most importantly, cut back his activity after any meal.

Esophagitis, Enteritis, Gastritis, and Colitis:

The esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, and rectum are confluent and together are known as the gastrointestinal tract or simply the gut. The suffix – itis means inflammation of; therefore, esophagitis is an inflammation of the esophagus, gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach, enteritis is an inflammation of the large intestine or the lower bowel. These gut irritations are usually accompanied by a degree of enteritis, and enteritis generally has some colitis associated with it. In other words, the single word diagnoses are seldom technically right.

When your vet says that your dog is ailing from gastroenteritis, the cause of the gut irritation is more crucical than the diagnostic term implemented. If your dog displays watery diarrhea, throwing up, nausea, depression, and lack of normal appetite, we may think of food or chemical poisoning, however gastroenteritis may be caused by eating indigestible material such as steel wool pot scrubber. The same signs can be an indication of cancer of the liver. It's important to remember that a gut irritation is a signal that may mean a dangerous, even life-threatening condition and should never be taken lightly.


Another type of gut problem is blockage or impact. Most commonly seen in older dogs, constipation is oftentimes caused by bone chips and pieces. Your dog finds a nice juicy bone. He literally devours the mouth-watering morsel over the next hour, and swallows every bite. Bone pieces are not very digestible, so, when these small chips reach the rectum where fluid is extracted from the waste, the result is a concrete block in the lower bowl. The same result may be seen when a dog licks and swallows wads of its hair.

As blockage begins to build up, the dog's gut fills with food and waste that can not escape, and he loses his appetite and becomes lethargic (sluggish). Diagnosis is generally made by a vet's palpation (examine by touch) of the solid mass in the dog's lower bowel. Treatment is normally performed by enemas, which will provide liquids to the mass, break it up, and enable the dog to pass the impaction.

Pseudocoprostasis or False Constipation:

This condition is more common to long haired dogs of all ages, and usually is the result of soft stools and grooming negligence. It happens when the long hair in the area of ​​the anus is not routinely trimmed back or combined and becomes matted with fecal matter. The fecal matting acts as a blockage of the gut, and signs similar to true constipation are seen.

Diagnosis is simple and can usually be made from across the room by the odor. Treatment is even simpler, although not very pleasant to do. The long hair and fecal matting needs to be carefully cut away to expose the skin surrounding the anul opening.

Causes, Symptoms and Treatment Measures for Left Side Abdominal Pain

The pain in left side of the abdomen is very common in people who suffer from problems like colon cancer. Those who are more than 50 years of age must certainly undergo the screening process and general scans to find the cause of abdominal pain.

Causes of pain in the left side of abdomen

There are several causes that might trigger pain in left side. This includes urinary, gastrointestinal and lung associated causes. Those who suffer from bronchitis, pneumonia or pulmonary edema may experience pain that is either mild to moderate or severe at times. Pregnancy and ovarian cysts may also cause pain. Do you know that heart problems may also lead to abdominal pain left side? Conditions like congestive heart failure, endocarditis, heart attack, aneurysm, coronary heart failure, mitral valve problems or pericarditis or some simple activities like exercise or problems like skeletal injuries, rib fractures, muscle cramps, hernia, neuritis, vesiculitis can lead to abdominal pain . Few of you may have appendicitis, gall bladder or bowel related problems. Food poisoning, Crohn's disease, IBS or irritable bowel syndrome, flatulence or pancreatic cancer can also cause it. Those who have kidney cancer or simple kidney damages due to accidents or those end diseases such as Sickle cell disease, typhoid, constipation, coelic disease, porphyria, spleen rupture, angioedema, pulmonary embolism, endometriosis and POEMS syndrome may suffer from severe pain.

Symptoms of left side abdominal pain

The main parts of the body that get affected when you suffer from abdominal pain left side, include the left side of organs like liver, kidney, ureter, ovary, adrenal gland, fallopian tube, and spleen, descending or sigmoidal colon and so on. Even the muscles and nerves located on the left side of your abdomen will also be affected. The symptoms include changes in the bowel movement or pattern. The frequency of bowel movement will have a lot of variation for at least a continuous period of 4 days. When this occurs, it is high time to meet a doctor. There will also be stomach cramps, stool with blood and so on. Sometimes, there will be unexpected loss in the weight. There will be excessive tiredness and stomach cramps.

Treatment measures

Early diagnosis will help in solving many of the health issues. Thus, whenever you feel a slight pain in your abdomen and if it is on the left side, it is better to consult a general physician initially. The abdominal pain can be either mild or severe. To avoid health complications in the future, the right set of antibiotics has to be taken. Depending on the cause of the problem, the treatment measure is designed. For instance, if the cause of abdominal pain is heartburns, antacids can be taken. This will provide a temporary relief. If the cause is stomach ulcer, the same treatment can be used. When you have a balanced and a nutritious diet, that is less spicy and salty, you can avoid IBS. By drinking adequate supply of water, you can avoid the formation of kidney stones. But if you experience severe and chronic pain, even after following these treatment measures, it is better to consult a specialist.

Tips on How to Control Swelling After a Knee Replacement

I have run across many orthopedic surgeons who have told their patients that, the knee surgery itself was the easy part, the tough part is the rehabilitation after. The rehabilitation aspect will extremely fall directly in the hands of the patient. Of course there is a part to play here in regards to the physical therapist, and hopefully the therapist can impress upon the patient through education that keeping the pain and equalizing to acceptable levels is vital for a successful rehabilitation outcome.

Our knees after the surgery are very temperamental. In other words, it does not take much in regards to exercise or excessive walking around the house to set off a chain of events that can take hours if not days to get back under control.

Many patients are told after surgery that the rehabilitation and walking are important. Often you will hear "you have too get up and walk" that's true but like many things, this is done in moderation.

This will mean many things to many people but taking a walk around the house every hour or hour and a half is all that is needed. To much time on your feet will cause excessive swelling and a slow down of the overall strengthening and conditioning of the affected leg.

If you find you must be up on your feet more often due the fact for there is no one in your home to assist you with cooking etc … Its is recommended you look into getting a pair of TED compression stockings to keep the swilling down . They come in several sizes and the pressure gradients vary but a local medical supply should have them in stock. Contact your orthopedic as well if further information is needed. many times your doctor will issue these himself while you are at the hospital before discharge.

Keeping your affected leg elevated is very important. How long to keep your leg elevated will vary between individuals, but in the first two weeks after surgery if you are not walking or exercising, the leg it should be elevated and it should be positioned higher then your heart for proper drainage of the area surrounding your knee.

Keeping ice on the knee is important as well. The ice is used for pain control and to decrease swelling. You really can not overdue the ice. Many people will have questions on how often the ice should used and how long. Using ice immediately after exercise is the time its most effective along with foot elevation for edema control it will be the best one-two punch you can get to keep pain and swapping manageable.

The amount of time you spend walking around your home or outdoors is extremely important immediately surgery. Getting up is good but this as well has to be in moderation. Body fluid is affected by the law of gravity and will pool in the lower portion of your leg or legs. if you find that you have to spend considerable time up on your feet, take the time that is needed then get back to where you can elevate the leg as soon as possible. I recommend also that if the swapping and pain are consistent and remains a chronic condition, to take an entire day off your feet with the operated foot elevated and you will see and feel a remarkable difference. Taking the day off means also that you hold the exercises as well. I assure you that you will do more good then harm by doing that. The problem would only lie if you decided to take several days off and not get in your walking or exercises that you would fall behind on your rehab.

Remember, ice, elevation, wearing a compression stocking on the operated leg and close monitoring of the time spent on your feet those first two weeks will determine how much pain and swilling you will encounter. If you are someone that keeps fluid easily in the first place, your doctor may prescribe a diuretic like lasix to rid the body of the excess fluid, and prescribe the compression stocking before you leave the hospital.

Try this combination for starters and follow the suggestion of your physical therapist for the education needed to make the knee replacement as successful as possible.

Types and Symptoms Of Heart Valve Disease

There are two types of heart valve disease – heart disease resulting from narrowed heart valves, and heart disease resulting from leaky heart valves. Each of them stems from several different causes, ranging from birth defects, to bacterial infection, to aging.

Congential Heart Valve Disease
Congenital heart valve is the most common, and can result in inflexible or narrowed, or floppy, valves, or irregular valve flaps. Congenital heart valve disease is often diagnosed within a few days of a baby's birth, but if the defect is minor, it may not be discovered until much later. Heart valve disease can be very hard to diagnose because some forms of it do not produce symptoms.

Some people, however, acquire heart valve disease because of complications from another disease such as heart muscle disease, coronary artery disease and heart attack. A child who has suffered from a rheumatic heart disease because of a simple strep throat will likely have a valvular disease when he or she reaches adulthood.

Heart valve disease, however, can also develop as a complication from some other illness; children who have had rheumatic fever following an untreated case of strep throat have a greater than fifty percent chance of developing scarring on their heart valves. A heart with scarred valves has to work harder than one with smooth ones, and as the years mount, the extra strain on the heart can lead to rheumatic heart disease.

Another form of heart valve disease which can result from infection is endiocarditis. Endiocarditis develops when bacteria enters the bloodstream during surgery or dental procedures, causing inflammation of the heart and scarring both its valves and leaflets. In the case of endiocarditis, the scarred leaflets will allow blood entering the heart to back up, or "regurgitate," diminishing the blood volume within the heart and the amount of blood and oxygen which reaches the body's other organs.

The elderly are susceptible to heart valve disease resulting from calcification, or calcium deposit buildup, along the valves.

Testing For Heart Valve Disease
Echocardiograms and MRIs are the tests best suited to diagnose heart valve disease. Either one will give the cardiologist a good look at abnormalities both in the main chambers of the heart and all its smaller structures including the valves.

Symptoms of heart valve disease [] can include vertigo resulting from a quick shift of positions, such as standing up or sitting, heart palpitations or racing, shortness of breath after minimal activity, and sever afternoon fatigue.

Those experiencing any of these symptoms on a regular basis should arrange to see a cardiologist and be tested for a heart murmurs, a strong indication of heart valve disease.

What is a Congestive Heart Problem?

Afflicted with heart problem could have been a scary moment for any patient, especially when the doctor enters the room and gives them the bad news. Congestive heart problem can be terrible to a person's life, but most of the people do not especially know how much. Whenever the heart is not able to pump blood through the body this is often known as congestive heart failure.

This sometimes takes place when the heart muscle is feeble due to illness or stress. There are numerous first coronary artery sicknesses but congestive heart failure, sometimes a secondary illness, has the least wealthy diagnosis. Myocardial infarction, harsh anemia, and renal collapse typically follows a myocardial infarction. Different effects on the body can be seen when the heart is not able to work correctly as all sides of the heart has a different function.

If it's the left side of the heart which has failed, accumulation of liquid in and round the lungs will cause the patient to experience breathing difficulties. If it's the right side that fails the surplus liquid amasses in the venous system, giving the patient a generalized edema that becomes worse as their status deteriorates. Dyspnea is the common symptom in congestive heart failure, although the extremity will change from patient to patient.

Congestive heart problem has a plentiful symptom and is named Dyspnea, this will alter from patient to patient. Some will possess completely ordinary pulmonary function till under exertion, such as exercising, walking up steps or cutting their grass. These patients will also become simply drained because of an absence of oxygen to the tissues. Cardiac arrest will also cause a condition known as pitting edema, in which the body keeps liquid to the point that when pressure is applied to express spot on the body the dent remains (non-pitting edema is not due to heart failure) Treatment of congestive heart failure consists basically of treating the symptoms.

Crucial signs needs to be taken frequently, and frequently diuretics will be prescribed to help expulsion of amassed liquid from the body. While in the infusion liquid intake and output will be measured extraordinarily thoroughly. Patients will generally be placed in an upright position to help in moving liquid from all over the heart and lungs, given potassium additions and prescribed bed rest for time. A patient is monitored often by a doctor for bun levels, potassium, sodium, and bicarbonate levels.

There are many factors that make a contribution to congestive heart problem and, if diagnosed, should be handled and maintained. These include raised blood pressure, anemia or poycythemia, endocrine afflictions, starvation, drug or alcohol use and weight issues. A patient should pay special attention to their way of life if they suffer from congestive heart failure.

Lots of stress can be put on the heart and lungs if the right diet is not adhered to, a comprehensive diet plan can be established with the help of your doctor. While no cure exists for congestive heart failure by following a tough exercise and diet program, taking all prescribed medicines continuously and maintaining a tight relationship with their consultants many patients can continue to steer a reasonably unexceptional life.

Exercise After A Heart Attack – A Simple Proven Way To Make Sure You Exercise After A Heart Attack

If you suffer from heart disease or have had a heart attack, exercise is one of the most important things that you can do. So why do so many of us set out with good intentions but soon lose motivation.

It is typically down to two factors

1) Your progress is slow and we do realize the benefits that we are getting.

2) you miss a few days and your exercise program goes to the back of your mind.

There are no doubts about the benefits. There have been a number of studies that show that exercise after a heart attack will speed up recovery time, contribute to a better quality of life and increase survival rates. This also applies to heart disease and exercise.

The benefits include

1) Weight loss

2) Increased circulation

3) Lowering of Cholesterol

4) Overall fitness levels

5) Emotional benefits

6) Increase in confidence

The challenge is not normally the actual exercise; it is the fact that you need to exercise regularly over a period of time.

When you are first diagnosed with heart disease symptoms, or are recovering from a heart attack you are full of good intentions. You notice the small increases in your fitness levels, you are pleased with the couple of pounds weight loss, and you are over the moon when you can walk another 10 minutes without getting breathless.

But as your fitness improvements, your improvements become less dramatic .. As time goes by, the original reasons for your exercise program fades in significance and your incentive become less. So one day you do not exercise and soon you are not exercising at all. You go back to your old ways and within a short period of time your health has deteriorated again.

So how can you keep on track?

By keeping a journal of your progress, your reasons, your starting point, your goals, every small benefit; you will see how much progress that you have made. This alone is usually enough to keep you on track in the short term.

The long-term benefits of journalling can be even more beneficial. When you look back at entries that you made twelve months earlier you will have one of two reactions. You will either be so pleased at your progress that you will have a renewed enthusiasm to achieve more, or you will get such a shock at how you have slipped back into old habits that you will be motivated to set new goals.

The most beneficial way to keep a health journal is to use a simple, yet powerful software program that enables you to record daily entries, but which also gives you the facility to have separate notebook style entries that enable you to set up pages that are subject related and not stored by date.

The best programs also have facilities to include photographs, links to news items, appointment reminders, and many other facilities which makes your journal much more powerful and will help you to stick to your health territory.

Is It Safe to Exercise With Tachycardia?

Tachycardia is characterized by the heart rate that is over 100 beats per minute which is above the normal readings of heart rate. This condition is among the most common types of arrhythmia. An episode of tachycardia can be accompanied by any of these symptoms: dizziness, palpitations, anxiety, pulsation of the vessels in the neck, or even fainting. In those patients who already have a cardiovascular pathology, tachycardia can provoke the development of heart failure and aggravate their life prognosis.

However, tachycardia can also be observed in healthy people due to:

  • The use of certain drugs, drinking alcohol, coffee or strong tea;
  • Physical or emotional stress;
  • Sudden body position change;
  • High atmospheric temperature, etc.

Therefore, depending on tachycardia cause it is divided into physiological and pathological tachycardia. Physiological tachycardia occurs in healthy individuals as a physiological response of the healthy heart muscle to different external impacts. Pathological , on the other hand, develops against the background of various disorders. It can be dangerous because it causes lower of the cardiac output volume and some intracardiac hemodynamics disorders. High heart rate that causes reduced blood filling of the ventricles provokes decrease in blood pressure, poor blood circulation and hypoxia development. However, on its own, tachycardia is more often a symptom and not a separate disorder.

They say that sport is good for a human health, but is it safe to exercise for patients with tachycardia? Experts say that for most people with tachycardia moderate and regular exercise is acceptable and encouraged. Nearestheless, in some patients with tachycardia, when it's accompanied by certain conditions, exercising is strictly prohibited since it can cause life-threatening complications. The list of such conditions includes:

  • Cardiac aneurysm;
  • Recent heart attack;
  • Aortic aneurysm;
  • Paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia;
  • Ventricular extrasystole;
  • Kidney or liver malfunction;
  • Severe hypertension, etc.

So, once diagnosed with tachycardia, a patient should first of all see a cardiologist, obtain an approval for exercising and develop a safe plan of physical activity together with a physician. It's important to remember that physical activity should not be exhausting and too intense. If a patient has a history of any cardiac diseases, it's recommended to begin an exercise program in a safe and monitored environment. In other cases, it's better to begin exercising slowly and eventually develop exercise tolerance. If a patient is new to regular exercise, it's recommended to begin with walking for 5-10 minutes and then, little by little, increase the time and distance. While increasing the intensity of physical activity, the patient should be able to tolerate it and be comfortable with it. If physical activity is accompanied by chest pain, palpitations or lightheadedness, that should be the sign for the patient to lower the intensity of the exercise routine.

Legends of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases – Robert Koch

The German physicist Robert Koch (1843-1910) contributed so much to the field of microbiology and infectious diseases. A contemporary of Louis Pasteur, Koch worked as a physician most of his life.

Some of the great contributions to the field of microbiology and infectious diseases include identifying the bacterium that causes anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) in 1877. He recognized both the actively dividing cells and the dormant cells (spores) and developed techniques for studying them outside the body .

Another great contribution, which microbiologists today can be thankful for, is developing a way to grow bacteria in pure culture. After trying different media (potato slices, gelatin, etc) he used a cooking thickener (agar) which created a firm surface so the bacteria could be spread very thinly over the surface.

The micro organism is spread so thinly that individual organisms are separated from each other. Then after time, each individual organism would multiply to form a visible colony from its millions of descendents.

Koch's discovery of the method of preparing pure culture of bacteria allowed German microbiologists to advance well ahead of microbiologists of France and other nations who were still using broth culture and successful endeavors to get a single organism.

Other work attributed to Koch includes the discoveries of Vibrio cholera in 1883 and the tuberculosis bacterium in 1882 and his studies in tuberculosis later resolved in his winning the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1905.

He is also recognized for his work in Africa with Trypanosoma and tick borne spirochetes.

But what many think his greatest contribution in microbiology and infectious diseases is his formulation of four postulates that associate a particular organism with a specific disease.

Koch's postulates are as following:

1. The specific causal agent must be found in every case of the disease.
2. The disease organism must be isolated in pure culture.
3. Inoculation of a sample of the culture into a healthy, intolerable animal must produce the same disease.
4. The disease organism must be recovered from the inoculated animal.

Implied in Koch's postulates are the one organism-one disease concept and it provided the method of establishing the germ theory of disease.

Robert Koch had many other accomplishments in the field of microbiology and infectious diseases and was well respected on the continents of Africa and Asia for his work.

He died on May 27, 1910 from a heart attack.

Etymology- How Words Change Over Time

Etymology is the study of the origins of words.

As languages ​​develop the meaning of words can change over time. This causes confusion and misunderstanding when communicating with other people.

In a world were you making a living at communicating, advertising or marketing, it is not only important to have clarity in your message, it is also important to think of your target market and understand how they understand words and messages.

On the positive side that words change meaning over time, it has been noted that languages ​​that stay alive, adapt and grow over time.

An example would be the word nice. Nice used to be an insult and mean foolish or stupid in the 13th century and it went through many changes right through to the 18th century with meanings like wanton, extravagant, elegant, strange, modest, thin, and shy or coy. Now it means a good & auspicious or thoughtful & kind.

Silly meant blessed or happy in the 11th century and went through pious, innocent, harmless, pitiable and feeble minded before ending up as foolish or stupid.

Pretty started as crafty this changed to clever or skillfully made, then to fine and ended up as beautiful.

Some other changes are:

Word ______ Original Meaning

Awful________ Deserving of awe

Bead _________Prayer

Brave_________ Cowardice (as in bravado)

Girl__________ Young person of either sex

Neck_________ Parcel of land (as in neck of the woods)

Nuisance______ Injury, harm


There are several reasons for words change meaning. One is the influence of other languages ​​and cultures. Through history, many nations through conquering or intermixing with one another, introduced their own languages ​​into the mix. Another reason is the predominate use of slang words. We get so used to using them that many times we forget that we even are.

So when it comes to defining words, there is the standard dictonary, which by the way can show multiple meanings for one word, and there is the definition of the word in slang.
As well, slang words spread faster and are used more often than before, making them common place in many societies.

Due to the advancement of science and technology, new words are also being created at an amazing rate. Keeping up with some of the new words and your usage of them will help in your efforts understand and to become a master communicator.

Once every ten years, the Merriam- Webster dictionary is updated. Their 11th edition for 2003 included some 10,000 new words along with 100,000 new meanings to words already existing and some 225,00 revised definitions.

Some of the slang words that have made it in the dictionary are;

Headbanger- a hard rock musician and a fan

Dead presidents- Paper currency

Prairie Gophering – people who peer above their cubicles at work.

McJob- Low paying and dead-end work.

Comb-over- an attempt to cover a bald spot

You can learn about more words in an etymology dictionary.

We can use this as another reminder, especially when it is important to have a group goal achieved, that what a word means to us, may not have the same meaning to someone else.

There is also the emotional reactions that different people have to certain words. But that's another story …

Brain Tumors – The Most Common Types of Brain Tumors

There are many different types of brain tumors. Doctors use a method that is referred to as "Classification". This is nothing more than grouping the many different types of brain tumors according to the characteristics that they possess. Naturally, each of the tumors that affect the brain are issued a specific names.

Medical professionals and scientists use this particular classification system so that they may gather statistical data, unaware the underlying cause of the development of the various tumors that develop in the brain, and determine the treatment strategy for the tumors. Additionally, many may make a prognosis based on the information that they obtain from their studies. In this medical guide, you will learn about the most common types of brain tumors.

Acoustic Neuroma

Acoustic Neuroma is a tumor that directly impacts the nerve that assists in hearing. Medical professionals refer to this as the "8th Cranial Nerve". This is considered to be a slow growing brain tumor that is typically identified in the region of the brain that is reported to as the cerebellum as well as the area that is referred to as the pons.

The pons are located in the area of ​​the brain that is referred to as posterior fossa. When it comes to statistical data, it has been established that this type accounts for approximately 9% of all that are diagnosed. If an individual has this type of brain tumor, they are likely to experience symptoms such as a loss of hearing, dizziness, paralysis in the face area, and even loss of sensation or feeling in the face.

CNS lymphoma

Individuals that have immune systems that are in a state of malfunction may develop a CNS lymphoma brain tumor. However, individuals that have properly function immune systems have been found to suffer from these types of tumors as well. Typically, these tumors will invade the cerebral hemispheres.

If an individual is suffering from this type of brain tumor, they are likely to experience symptoms such as memory loss, weakness that occurs on at least one side of the body, easily easily confused, fatigue, and even seizures. Surgery to remove the tumor, radiation therapy, and even chemotherapy are considered to be appropriate treatments for those suffering from these types of abnormal growths.

Glioblastoma Multiforme

When it comes to difficult tumors, the glioblastoma multiforme or GBM is considered to be the one. This type of brain tumor is also considered to be one of the most dangerous in that it has such a high level of malignancy. Statistically, this particular brain tumor is considered to be the most common among adults that are considered to be middle-aged.

This tumor accounts for 30% of all cases. There are tumors that are considered to be a mix of many different cells. When researching this particular tumor, medical professionals have established that it has the absolute highest level of mixture. It is referred to as being "Heterogeneous" for this reason.


If you have been diagnosed with a brain tumor, it is important to learn as much as you possibly can about it. Here, you have been introduced to the most common types of brain tumors. There are many, many more types.

You should focus on the cause of the tumor, how quickly it spreads, the area of ​​the brain that it affects, the symptoms that you may experience, the treatment for the tumor as well as the prognosis. If you have any questions, be certain to direct them to a medical professional.

Never Walk With Pneumonia – Treat It

You definitely have heard of Pneumonia. Long ago, it killed a lot of people. Thanks to technology, though, you can now prevent and treat the illness. But what about Walking Pneumonia? Have you heard of it?

What is Walking Pneumonia? It is the common term used for the milder version of Pneumonia that usually does not end up in a disability. If you are suffering with the disease, you still can – walk. You do not need to be hospitalized or bedridden. Almost about 2 million people in United States suffer from this disease every year out of which children between ages 5 to 16 are majority of sufferers (almost about 70-75%). Definitely, It is an illness for concern. Is Walking Pneumonia contagious? Yes, It is contagious. It can be contracted by anyone, children or adults. It spreads from a patient to a healthy person when a patient coughs, sneezes, laughs, or talks.

What are the symptoms of this dieasese? With children, it may start off like a common cold or flu and later gets worse with fever, or in some kids, also sore throat. The symptoms seem to get bad during the night and take about a month to recover. However, even after the major symptoms are gone and the patient feels that they are cured, some symptoms such as muscle pain, headache, and chest pain along with cough linger on for a while. Some people also feel dizzy and lose their appetite; others complain of diarrhea. Some cases also feel loss of consciousness and hence driving is not advisable at this stage.

NOTE: Coughs with mucus or blood and throwing up are symptoms of severe Walking Pneumonia. But, what about its cause?

Even a rash with mycoplasma can cause Walking Pneumonia. Although it is not a lethal sickness, timely and adequate treatment is a must to save yourself getting any worse. It does respond well to medications and immediate medical help should be thought as soon as the symptoms show up. Check your children and yourself if you are walking with pneumonia. Get medical advice, now!

Symptoms of Yeast Infection in the Lungs

There are numerous symptoms of yeast infection in the lungs. To start, let's take a look at what causes this and then how to fix it.

This became a problem for mankind when modern medicine started using antibiotics and steroids. If you have ever taken either of these for anything, chances are that you developed a yeast infection. The reason this happens is due to the antibiotics and steroids killing the micro organism in your body that keep the yeast in your body in check. From there, it's easy for the infection to spread to any and all parts of your body.

Some symptoms of yeast infection in the lungs are shortness of breath, suddenly not being able to breath as well. I had this once and I literally was able to breath fine one day, and woke up the next day with less than half the same lung capacity. Aching of the hands, knees, hips, and other joints are also a sign. Memory problems, the inability to focus, tiredness and fatigue, as well as headaches and migraines are also symptoms.

The problem with over the counter solutions is that they only fix the problem temporarily and do not get things back in check. In order to completely cure the infection, you will need to pay close attention to your diet. If you are experiencing any of these symptoms of a yeast infection in the lungs, chances are very good you have one as 70% of people suffer from it and do not even know it.

You will need to eat lots of vegetables high in fiber and low in starch. Broccoli, asparagus, leafy green vegetables such as lettuce and cabbage are all a great place to start. Be sure to cut out as much sugar as possible if not all of it completely. Also be sure to get rid of simple carbohydrates such as pastas and bread as these turn into sugar in the body. Cut back on fruits also as they have natural sugar.