Latest Discussion on Heart Health!

Hearth health has become the biggest concern among people around the world these days. Now people are better informed and have gained information through various researches and clinical trials, they are more conscious about their heart health and have better control over their heart than their predecessors thus reducing risks of hearth related ailments to a large extent. 

Numerous researches have been conducted on heart health. The talk on ‘statins’ also figures prominently in discussion about the heart. Statins have been highly helpful in controlling cholesterol levels in the people suffering from heart disease. Statins act by effectively lowering the LDL (levels of bad cholesterol); though, they do slightly affect raising HDL (the levels of good cholesterol).

In the latest researches, it has been found that those who have had a heart attack or some other cardiac problem get more benefit by the immediate high-dose statin therapy.

Main advantages of statins are as follows:

Statin acts to reduce the risk of death, heart attack and it also minimizes the need for cardiac procedures.

Statin therapy proves beneficial for people with high levels of C – reactive protein (a substance in the liver, produced by the inflammation of arteries). It must be noted here that one can have low cholesterol but still s/he might be at the high risk of heart problem; if s/he has high levels of C-reactive protein.  

It has been found that statins are not only safe but also a well-tolerated in the majority of patients using it. 

In another research conducted in mice, it has been found that leafy greens can prove beneficial in reducing the chances of heart attack or stroke. It is due to the fact that nutrients in the veggies protect the heart from getting damaged. To reach at this conclusion, some mice were provided with the drinking water that contained nitrites or nitrates while others were given plain drinking water.

After a week’s time, the mice were given an induced heart attack to study their heart after the attack. It was found that the mice having nitrite or nitrate contained water had less heart attack damage compared to those mice that were drinking plain water. Diets comprising of cauliflower, spinach, collard greens, meat and broccoli are ideal.

In the ayurvedic approach to have good heart health, it has been pointed out that practicing transcendental meditation for 20 minutes twice in a day leaves a positive and considerable effect on the accumulation of fatty deposits in arteries. It plays a vital role in reducing pain in a number of patients if practiced regularly. However, the experts have added that meditation is used only as a supplement, so it must not be taken as a substitute to the existing heart problem therapy.

My Scalp Hurts, Is it Curable?

Scalps have the most number of hair strands as compared to the other parts of the body. The genetic reason is that the skull is covered by a scalp that houses the brain, which is one of the most important organs of the body. The scalp is protected by hair during winter and when summer comes, the scalp is protected from excessive heat. In addition to hair, the scalp is also sensitive to UV rays than the rest of the body.

Sometimes the scalp tickles and feels sore from excessive heat or cold. This is that time when there are very few hairs growing on the scalp or when the hair has got thinned. When scalp feel pain, it is surely from hair loss and sometimes a migraine that come along. However it is not migraine at all when only the skin on the scalp hurts.

Ponytail Syndrome

The pain on the skin is medically called Trichodynia. This is a condition when a patient feels a painful burn on the skin. This pain is also called ponytail syndrome. It is because the pain is experienced on the head as if the hair over there is pulled tight like in a ponytail. The Trichodynia is often related to hair loss although some studies that it has no relation to hair loss as it causes may be psychosomatic like anxiety, depression or stress. Women are often seen with the incidence of trichodynia women because they more frequently experience hormonal changes and are likely more emotional than men. They are concerned about hair loss more than men and are more likely to acquire medical advice on it.

The problem of shedding too much hair

Hair loss is medically referred as androgenic alopecia or telugum effluvium depending on causes. As trichodynia comes with hair loss, hair shedding can cause pain which is much similar to the phantom limb syndrome.

Human beings shed their hair normally in regular intervals. There are two phases of hair shedding – telugum and anagen. During the telugum phase, hair doesn’t grow and remains for almost three months, when it starts growing, it enters anagen phase. During the anagen phase, new hair strands push out the old and this phase takes almost takes three average years. The hair strand’s length depends on how fast the hair grows.

More than normal number of hair strands can suddenly go into telugum phase during the times of anxiety, stress and depression. This phase may continue for up to six months, this is far long that the average three months. When the hair strands enter into anagen phase then this is when they start to fall.

Excessive hair fall can make anyone upset but after interviewed by doctors, patients have been observed in a lot of physiological stress about a couple of months before. Physiological stress that can encourage telogen effluvium includes febrile illness, diet changes, pregnancy and delivery, major injury and starting a new medication. Immunization is also reported as a cause of acute hair shedding.

A final reminder

If pain lasts for long and appears with rashes on the scalp, it would be better to see the doctor. It is not necessary that scalp pain causes will be as harmless as physiologic or psychosomatic stress but it is a fundamental medical condition.

Dogs Get Allergies Too!

Many dogs can suffer from allergic reactions to various things. Breeds such as Bulldogs, Golden Retrievers, Labrador Retrievers, Schnauzers, and Terriers may be genetically pre-disposed to allergies, specifically, allergies caused by ingredients found in food.

Food allergies may manifest themselves in cats and dogs in the following ways: Their skin becomes itchy and irritated on their face, feet, ears, forelegs, armpits and amongst the area around the base of the tail. In addition, frequent inner ear infections, loss of hair, extreme scratching, hot spots, and skin infections that may respond to antibiotics but return after the antibiotics are completed. Increased incidence of bowel movements is another symptom of dogs with food allergies. Dogs normally have around 1.5 bowel movements daily, where food allergies may increase the frequency to 3 or more per day.

Common ingredients found in dog food such as preservatives, additives, peanut butter and tomatoes can cause your dog to have an allergic reaction. Peanut butter is a common ingredient found in dog biscuits, and tomato paste is often times found in dry dog ​​food. Protein is another culprit of dog allergies and can be found in items such as chicken, beef, carbohydrates, wheat or corn. Most veterinarians suggest a diet of lamb and rice for dogs with such allergic reactions.

You can prepare allergy free pet food for dog at home. Remember, dogs love fresh vegetables such as carrots, broccoli and cauliflower. Keep in mind that vegetables also provide additional benefits that will help your dog or cat live a longer more healthy life. Be sure to change your dog's diet gradually as to avoid stomach problems.

Some dog allergies are caused by environmental factors. Pets are frequently allergic to trees, grass, pollen and fabrics made of wool or nylon. Others environmental causes include plastic, rubber materials, mites, flea bites or insects. After their body's became exposed to these substances, they respond to these allergens by becoming itchy. If dogs scratch at the irritant too much, they may develop sores which create an ideal place for a bacterial infection. When dogs are not in direct contact with the allergen but still experience symptoms, Atopy is usually the reason. Atopy is dermatitis caused by inhalation rather than physical contact. This typically occurs as a result of inhalation of pollen, dust, mold, or any allergy substance in the air.

Paws, ears, and face are common areas that become inflamed by allergies. Consult with your veterinarian about controlling pet allergies. To heal sores on a dog's body, treatments such as fatty acid supplements, hypoallergenic shampoo and hydrocortisone creams are very effective. Veterinarians use antihistamines to treat the dogs itching and make life more comfy for your canine friend. There are some side effects to be aware of when using an antihistamine such as sleepiness, hyperactivity, constipation, dry mouth & lack of appetite. Be sure you have consulted your vet before using any medication on your dog.

When dogs have allergies, the allergy usually presents itself in the form of a sore on the dogs back or belly. These sores often force time the dog to lick or claw at the area causing the hair to fall out. Food allergies as well as environmental culprits can make your dog's life unbearable. Zeroing in on the cause of the allergy will improve your pet's quality of life!

Nonspecific infections of the bladder-Acute and Chronic cystitis and Acute urethral syndrome in Women

Introduction

The three major nonspecific infections of the bladder are: Acute cystitis, chronic cystitis and Acute urethral syndrome in women. But before we go into these three diseases in details, we need to get familiar with some terminologies. You might have come across them in my other urological related hubs, but for the sake of those reading this as their first urological article from me, here are some major terminologies we will come across as we try to discuss this matter.

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Hyperemia-This is an increase of blood flow to different tissues of the body. A very good indicative sign is redness in the part of body where such increase is experienced.

Edema-this is fluid accumulation in some parts of the body. It is a strong indicative sign of pathology of some diseases. Edema, usually occurs on the leg, but sometimes the eyes and hands, lower back etc.

Neutrophils-these are a part of white blood cells responsible for fighting against bacteria infection in the human body.

Dysuria-In a lay man’s language dysuria is always defined as painful and difficult urination. But clinically speaking, its a lot more than that. Dysuria is always associated with blood in Urine (hematuria) and increased frequency of urination (up to 7-8-9 times in a day).

Leukocytosis-This is the increase in Leukocytes (white blood cells) which are responsible for the body immune system, fighting against infection. In most cases, leukocytosis suggest infection in a patient.

Urinalysis- this is the laboratory analysis of the Urine.

Pyuria-This is urine containing pus. In clinical terms, it is the presence of 4 or more neutrophils per high power field of unspun, voided midstream urine.

bacteriuria-From the name, its very clear it means bacteria pathogens in Urine.

Hematuria-Blood in Urine

Serum creatinine-Measuring serum creatinine is a useful and inexpensive method of evaluating renal dysfunction. Creatinine is a non-protein waste product of creatine phosphate metabolism by skeletal muscle tissue. Creatinine production is continuous and is proportional to muscle mass.

Hemorrhage-this simply means loss of blood (bleeding).

Exudate- Any fluid that filters from the blood circulatory system into any lesion or area of inflammation.

Nocturia-The need to wake up at night to urinate, thereby interrupting sleep. Usually occurs with the elderly or individuals taking high level of fluid during the day. Asides these two common causes, Nocturia is pathologic.

Urethra diverticulum-Urethral diverticulum (UD) is a condition in which a variably sized “pocket” or outpouching forms next to the urethra. Because it most often connects to the urethra, this outpouching repeatedly gets filled with urine during the act of urination thus causing symptoms.

Now that we are acquainted with these technical words, we can go through the diseases in question.

ACUTE CYSTITIS

Acute bacterial cystitis is an infection of the Urinary bladder caused mainly by Coliform bacteria (usually strains of E.Coli) and less often by gram-positive aerobic bacteria (especially staphylococcus sapro-phyticus and enterococci). The infection usually ascends to the bladder from the urethra. The incidence of acute cystitis is much greater in girls and women than in boys and men. Adenovirus infection may lead to hemorrhagic cystitis in children, however, viral cystitis rarely is found in Adults.

Let’s have a brief and quick look at the bladder wall. When we study the bladder wall microscopically from its inner wall to its external part, we will find out that its wall is in layers: Mucosa, Submucosa, Muscular, Serous, Adventitia and perivesical fats. In the early stages of acute cystitis, the bladder mucous layer shows hyperemia, edema, infiltration by neutrophils. As the process advances, the mucous layer is replaced by a friable, hemorrhagic, granular surface focally pitted with shallow ulcers containing exudate. The muscular layer generally remains un-involved.

Signs and symptoms

Irritative voiding symptoms prevail: frequency, urgency, nocturia, burning on urination and dysuria. Low back and suprapubic pain and discomfort are common complaints. Urge incontinence and hematuria occur commonly, but significant fever is unusual. The onset in women frequently follows sexual intercourse (“honeymoon cystitis”). Although suprapubic tenderness is sometimes elicited, physical signs are characteristic. Possible associated contributing factors should be sought. Vaginal, introital, or urethral abnormalities (e.g, Urethral diverticulum) or Vaginal discharge in female patients, urethral discharge or a swollen, tender prostate or epididymis in male patients. The hemogram may be normal or show mild leucocytosis. Urinalysis typically shows pyuria and bacteriuria; gross or microscopic hematuria is seen on occasion. The infecting pathogen will be found on Urine culture. Unless the patient has associated urologic disorders, the serum creatinine and blood urea nitrogen values are normal. Radiographic evaluation is warranted only if renal infection or genitourinary tract abnormalities are suspected in patients with proteus infections that do not respond promptly to therapy or that replapse, X-rays should be taken to investigate the possibility of infected struvite calculi.

Cystoscopy usually is indicated when hematuria is prominent; however, the procedure should be delayed until the acute phase is over and the infection has been treated adequately.

Differential diagnosis

In female patients, acute bacterial cystitis, must be distinguished from several other infectious processes. Vulvovaginitis may mimic the symptoms of cyctitis but can be diagnosed accurately by pelvic examination coupled with proper examination of vaginal discharge for pathogens. Acute Urethral syndrome causes frequency and dysuria, but urine cultures show low counts or no growth of bacteria. Acute pyelonephritis often causes symptoms of vesical irritabiblity but typically produces loin pain and significant fever. In children, vulval and urethral irritation caused by detergents in bubble bath or by pinworms may mimic the symptoms of cystitis.

In male patients, acute bacterial cystitis must be distinguished mainly from infections of the urethra, prostate, and kidney. Appropriate physical examination and laboratory tests usually enable the physician to make a specific diagnosis. Noninfectious types of cystitis produce symptoms that exactly mimic those of bacterial cyctitis. Some of these conditions include cystitis resulting from anticancer therapy (e.g, irradiation, cyclophosphamide), interstitial cystitis, esosinophilic cystitis (“allergic” cystitis), bladder carcinoma (especially carcinoma in situ), and psychosomatic disorders.

The main complication of acute cyctitis is infection that ascends to the kidneys. Children with vesico-ureteral reflux and pregnant women are especially prone to this complication. Patients prone to recurrent bouts of acute cystitis should be evaluated for factors that may contribute to enhanced susceptibility, and these should be corrected whenever possible. Failing this, antimicrobial prophylaxis may prove necessary.

Treatment

Specific measures-Although its efficacy has not been prove in men, the use of short-term antimicrobial therapy (1-3 days or even a single does) is effective in acute uncomplicated cystitis in women. Ideally, an antimicrobial agent should be selected on the basis of culture and sensitivity testing. Since most uncomplicated infections occurring outside the hospital environment are due to stains of E.Coli, sensitive to may antibiotics, sulfonamides, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, nitrofurantoin, or ampicillin usually is effective. Urologic evaluation is warranted when the response is unsatisfactory.

General measures-Due to the fact that acute uncomplicated cystitis responds rapidly to proper antimicrobial therapy, additional measures usually are unnecessary. Hot sitz baths, anticholinergics (eg, propantheline bromide), and urinary analgesics (e.g, phenazopyridine hydrochloride) are occasionally warranted for relief of symptoms. Acute uncomplicated bacterial cystitis usually resolves rapidly in response to appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Permanent bladder injury is unusual.

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ACUTE URETHRAL SYNDROME IN WOMEN

Acute urethral syndrome consists of dysuria and frequency (plus variable other bladder or urethral symptoms) in women whose bladder urine shows ‘no growth’ or low bacterial counts on culture. Gallagher, Montgomerie, and North (1965) found that, in a general practice setting, 41%  of women with such irritative voiding symptoms had urine cultures deemed nondiagnostic of bacterial cystitis; however, documented bacteriuria of significance occurred in about a third of these women within the ensuing few months. Fihn and Stamm (1983) were able to categorize acutely dysuric women into groups with specific therapeutic implications, as follows:

  1. Vaginitis (32%)
  2. Typical cystitis, with growth of bacteria to the power of 108 bacteria per milliliter of midstream urine (32%)
  3. Acute urethral syndrome (36%)
  4. Pyuria present (22%) (bladder bacteriuria in 15%, and chlamydial infection in 7%).
  5. Pyuria absent; sterile urine (12%)
  6. other pathogens, including herpes simplex and N.gonorrhoeae (2%

In evaluating an acutely dysuria woman, the physician should check routinely for the presence of vaginitis, obtain vaginal specimens for diagnosis, and treat any recognized infection. Women in whom dense bacteriuria is found on culture clearly have bacterial cystitis that usually responds promptly to appropriate antimicrobial therapy. Acutely dysuric women without vaginitis or classic bacterial cystitis generally have acute urethral syndrome. Acute urethral syndrome itself is not a homogenous group. Many women with pyuria and ‘low-count’ bacteriuria actually have bacterial ure-throcystitis and should be treated appropriately with the usual antimicrobial agent of choice. In a second group, cultures are positive for organisms that may be sexually transmitted. These women and their sexual partners should be treated with an appropriate antibiotic: a tetracycline or erythromycin for C trachomatis infection; a penicillin or tetracycline for gonorrhea. In a third group, no causative pathogen is identifiable, but, curiously, the dysuria will respond to antimicrobial therapy. A small group of women with no pyuria or identifiable pathogen will respond poorly to antimicrobial therapy; some clinicians believe that these women may suffer from some type of functional voiding dysfunction.

CHRONIC CYSTITIS

The term “Chronic cystitis” is confusing, just like ‘chronic pyelonephritis”, because it means different things to different people. Some physicians use this term exclusively to mean unresolved or persistent bladder infection. Whereas others use it to mean 3 or more bouts of bladder infection occurring in the course of 1 year. Chronic infectious cystitis is caused by the same pathogens causing acute cystitis and acute and chronic pyelonephritis.

Persistence of bladder infection beyond the acute stage leads to chronic cystitis, which differs from the acute form mainly in the character of the inflammatory infiltrate. In the early stages of chronic cystitis, the bladder mucosa becomes progressively more edematous, erythematous and friable; it may ulcerate. In the later stages of chronic infection, the submucosa is infiltrated by fibroblasts, plasma cells and lymphocytes, the bladder wall eventually becomes thickened, fibrotic and inelastic.

Clinical findings

Patients with chronic cystitis are asymptomatic or have variable symptoms of vesical irritability. If the bladder infection is caused by a persistent source of infection in the Kidneys or Prostate, there may also be symptoms associated with the primary infection. Pneumaturia suggests an enterovesical fistula or infection caused by a gas-forming pathogen (usually a coliform organism). The latter is seen most often in diabetics. Physical findings often are absent and usually are sparse and nonspecific. Unless chronic cystitis is associated with serious primary genitourinary tract disorder, the hemogram and renal function studies usually are normal. Urinalysis typically shows significant bacteriuria but may show surprisingly little pyuria. Urine culture generally is positive.

Unless chronic cystitis is associated with other genitourinary tract disease, radiographic studies usually are normal. Excretory and retrograde urograms and voiding cystograms may demonstrate associated conditions (e.g, obstructive uropathy, vesicoureteral reflux, atrophic pyelonephritis, vesico-enteric or vesico-vaginal fistulas). Urethral calibration, catheterization and urethrocystoscopy may be indicated to evaluate whether contributing conditions (eg, urethral stricture, prostatic obstruction) exist.

Differential diagnosis

Infectious types of chronic cystitis must be distinguished from other infectious diseases of the genitourinary tract in men and women. Sometimes, these conditions mimic cystitis; sometimes, they are associated with or contribute to chronic cystitis. Examples include infectious vaginitis, prostatitis, and urethritis and renal infections. Tuberculosis of the Kidney or bladder must be considered in the differential diagnosis of chronic cystitis characterized by ‘sterile’ pyuria. Non-infentious conditions that must be considered in the differential diagnosis include senile vaginitis and urethritis relate to hormonal deficiency. Non-infectious urethral disease, nonbacterial forms of prostatitis, interstitial cystitis, “allergic” cystitis, radiation cystitis, cystitis secondary to the use of chemotherapeutic (including anticancer) agents, and various psychosomatic syndromes. Chronic bladder infections may lead to ascending infection of the Kidneys, the development of infected calculi in the upper urinary tract and bladder, or secondary infection of the prostate or epididymis. The prevention of chronic cystitis depends upon the identification of causative and contributing factors and the relative success of correcting these factors.

Treatment

The causative organism should be identified by culture, and the infection should be treated with appropriate antimicrobial therapy based upon susceptibility testing. Long-term preventive therapy or suppressive therapy with gents such as nitrofurantoin, trimetho-prim-sulfamethoxazole, or methenamine plus an acidifier may prove necessary. The most important aspect of treatment is thorough evaluation for underlying causes and appropriate correction of contributing factors when possible. Uncomplicated chronic cystitis may produce annoying illness but seldom leads to serious sequels unless infection ascends to the Kidney. The outlook varies considerably with the nature and severity of underlying causes and contributing factors.

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Deep Watering Method for Home Gardens

There are a number of watering methods that have proven to be effective in the home garden. In this article, we will focus on one that emphasizes conservation and yet will promote lush and vigorous growth, no matter what varieties of plants you grow.

Promote Healthy Growth

The Deep Watering method has proven to save water and encourage plants to develop strong, active root systems.

It’s basically very simple – you irrigate less often, say once every 1 to 2 weeks, although each time you irrigate more deeply.

For example, you have flowers or vegetables that have been in the ground for at least a month. When the plants have started to put out new “top” growth (new leaves or buds), you know they’ve acclimated to their environment.

Tip: Seedlings and fresh plantings (less than a month old), will always need more water until their root systems have started to expand and become established. Wait to start a deep watering program until your plantings start to show new growth. Even then you’ll want to slowly introduce them to this system.

Tip: Plants in hot, sun-drenched areas of your garden, will generally need to be watered more often, but you can off-set this by choosing plants that are “drought tolerant.” Cooler, shady areas will need much less water.

Take a few minutes to till or loosen the top one-inch of soil in the plant bed. Be careful around newer plantings, as some of the roots will be nearer the surface and will be fragile.

Deep watering will encourage the roots to go deep, looking for food and water, which is exactly what we want them to do. Loosening the top one inch of the soil will allow the water to penetrate and not run off.

There’s no need to be too fussy about tilling at this point, all the “hard” work was done when you prepared the bed for planting and will carry you through the entire growing season.

Tip: A good water nozzle is one that breaks the water flow into multiple, gentle streams.

Tip: Adding a good mulch on top of your garden bed, about 1 to 2 inches thick, is a good idea when starting a deep watering program. A mulch will help in retaining moisture and will protect roots from temperature extremes. Also, as an added benefit, will help keep weeds down to a minimum.

Start watering at a point in your yard that you can work your way back to. Slowly work your way around your garden, making sure to thoroughly water each individual plant, and any open or unplanted area around them.

In a typical 10′ x 3′ bed, you may spend 5 minutes watering, then slowly work your way around the rest of your garden.

Now you’re done for about a week, depending upon the weather. As you condition your plants to a deep watering system you will slowly stretch the length of time between waterings.

Your goal is to drive the water deep into the ground, and thoroughly saturate the soil to about 12 to 14 inches in depth. This will create a reservoir of moisture below the roots.

As the upper part of the bed dries out the roots will naturally seek the water that’s stored below them. This encourages a deeper root system which is healthier, and that is better able to tolerate low water conditions.

When you first start a deep watering program, you’ll want to keep an eye on younger plants, and plants in hot areas of the garden.

If you notice plants starting to wilt, water them deeply again. Over time you will find that watering twice, or even once a month will be all an established plant needs, depending upon specific species or variety of plant.

Tip: Low-growing annuals like pansies will have naturally shallow root systems and although a deep watering program will encourage deeper roots, any plant with a shallow root system will naturally require more regular waterings.

You can off set this tendency by planting annuals in cooler areas of your garden or using taller plants to shade surrounding areas. In essence you’re creating a small micro-climate to protect more sensitive plantings. Additionally, annuals generally need about 1 inch of water per week.

As with most gardening activities, you may need to adjust this process to suit your particular growing conditions.

Deep Watering has proven over time to save water, reduce maintenance, and still promote lush and vigorous growth throughout your garden or landscape.

Good Luck & Happy Gardening!

Schizophrenia Symptoms: Identify Them and Save Our Loved Ones

Schizophrenia is often mistaken as multiple personalities or split personality. As a matter of fact, it is a condition in which a person is split off from reality. This disorder is not rare; it is found in 1 out of 100 people. It is also not true that schizophrenia sufferers are dangerous. Despite their delusional thoughts and hallucinations, people with the disorder are not a threat to other people. The two symptoms above are the most common symptoms of this disorder. Delusional thoughts cause the person to believe in something that is not true. Often times, this person will express their ideas or belief to others and force them to believe. On the other hand, hallucinations happen when a person hear or see things which are not there. Other schizophrenia symptoms include disorganized speech and behavior that makes the sufferer talk in bizarre ways, starting a topic and ending it with a completely different topic, and responding to questions by giving totally unrelated answers. Another tell-tale sign is the lack of emotions.

If you notice that some of your loved ones seem to detach themselves from the world, it is a good sign that they are suffering from schizophrenia symptoms. People with this disorder always think and believe that others are watching them all the time and trying to hurt them. They are always suspicious with everything that is going on around them, and they think that the whole world is conspiring against them. Those people often experience severe depression, over sleeping, insomnia and inappropriate laughter or crying. They may also pay little or no attention to the way they look; men suffering from this condition usually don’t bother to shave or shower whilst women no longer put on makeup or take a good care of their appearance. Therefore, schizophrenics usually have messy hair and dark circles under their eyes due to lack of sleep.

Everything that is going on in these people’s lives scares them and thus they isolate themselves from the world. They will also neglect their regular activities and people who try to get close to them. This will lead to poor performance at work or in school. Co-workers and school mates may start to stay away from schizophrenia sufferers due to their strange and irrational behavior. However, it is not true that people suffering from this mental disorder cannot be helped. With the support and affection from family and friends, those suffering from the condition can be cured. They will be able to get their normal life back and live it to the fullest. Hence, the ability to identify schizophrenia symptoms is crucial in order to help those suffering from the condition.

Angioma – Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

An angioma is a benign tumor that consists of small blood vessels. They usually appear at or near the surface of the skin. Angiomas may appear anywhere on the body, and aren’t considered dangerous. However, they may be present as symptoms of another more serious disorder, such as cirrhosis. Some of the different types include: spider angiomas, cherry angiomas, and senile angiomas. A spider angioma is a type of angioma found slightly below the skin’s surface, often containing a central red spot and reddish extensions which radiate outwards like a spider’s web.

Causes of Angioma

The cause is unknown. Although painless and harmless, cherry angiomas may bleed profusely if injured. Angiomas are due to aging and do not have any known significance. Spider angiomas are more common in childhood and during pregnancy, and a few can appear on anyone. A spider angioma can be seen in a healthy person without any apparent cause. But it is more common in individuals with liver disease or altered hormone levels. A spider angioma is formed when a group of blood vessels dilates in a characteristic “spider leg” pattern.

Sporadic Cavernous Angioma A solitary cavernous angioma may be present at birth or may develop later in life. If no other family members are affected, the condition is often not inheritable and is considered sporadic. This means that children of those with sporadic cavernous angioma may have no greater chance of having cavernous angioma than anyone else in the general public.

Symptoms of Angioma

A angioma may have no symptoms. When symptoms are present, they often depend on the location of the angioma and on the strength of the angioma walls. Large angiomas can bleed profusely when they are injured. The symptoms associated with angioma include birthmarks as many of them are actually angiomas, stork bites which is a common type of strawberry birthmark, portwine stains which are also referred to as nevus flammeus and strawberry marks which are caused by capillary hemangiomas.

Treatment

Angiomas can be treated with electrodesiccation. This is done in the doctors office. It consists of touching the skin with an electric needle and destroying the blood vessels that make up the tumor.

Cryotherapy – Use of liquid nitrogen to freeze the Angioma and thus remove it.

Laser vaporization – In this method an intense beam of light is used to remove the angioma. This technique involves minimal harm to surrounding skin tissue.

While surgery is still an option it is risky depending on the location of the lesion and the basic health of the individual. In all cases it is not the best option and is usually only done in cases where the lesions continues to bleed and the individual is put at great risk. The use of stereo tactic radio surgery is another option. This is a precise way of delivering radiation to the lesion without causing any affect to the surrounding area of the brain. In treating venous angiomas this technique has been highly successful, but the doctors need to find the exact location of the lesion in order to eradicate it with a single treatment.

How To Start Enjoying A Good Night’s Sleep

Many people today are finding it hard to get enough sleep. There can be many reasons for this but many people suffer from what is called early morning worry. This commonly happens by people waking up around 3 or 4 am and find it near impossible to get back to sleep. This makes them anxious and they begin to worry and fret about all the commitments they have to do later in the day. These worries and anxious thoughts are running through their minds which makes their body become more alert and awake.

Getting enough sleep is very important for the health of our body and mind. It is recommended that we should get about 8 hours of uninterrupted sleep each night. However, for most people, and excuse the pun, this is only a dream.

A lack of sleep can be due to many factors that can involve hormonal factors. This is common in pregnant women or women who are reaching their menopause. Severe cases can be insomnia were people cannot get to sleep at all. Insomnia can be linked to conditions such as depression or stress. Other causes can be prostrate problems, snoring and having nightmares.

If you are experiencing a lack of sleep there are a number of things that you can do to help you sleep better as follows:

Ensure that your bedroom is dark enough as this will signal to your brain that it is time for sleep. Darkness enables the body to release a hormone called melatonin which helps the body to sleep. If you find that your room is too bright then attach liners to the back of your curtains to block out the rays of the sun.

Make sure that the mattress you are sleeping on adequately supports your back. An old worn mattress can actually exacerbate back problems and back pain that can disturb your sleep. If your bed mattress is old then it is time to invest in a new one.

Do not sleep in a room that is too warm. If it is too warm then turn down the heating or remove a blanket.

Noise outside can also disturb a good night’s sleep. For example if you live close or on a street that has a lot of busy traffic. You can now buy products that can neutralise the noise such as noise reduction fans. These can also help with reducing those sudden unexpected noises that can jolt you awake in the middle of the night.

How to Remove Wall Stickers and Wall Decals

This article is about wall stickers and wall decals that are made of vinyl. Many websites talk about how to put these on the wall, but there may be little assistance for how to remove the wall stickers.

The method for removing wall stickers and wall decals will remain the same, but it might be a little more difficult on certain surfaces and depending on the size of the wall sticker. Let’s look at some of the methods for removing.

Removing from walls

Painted walls are at the highest risk from damage when removing wall decals. This means you need to take some care and focus on avoiding this damage. It is possible to remove wall stickers from even the worst walls.

The worst walls are those that had a poor paint job to begin with. One that has multiple layers of paint and these layers have not been prepared between paint coats. Or one that has air bubbles underneath the paint.

1. Work slowly and do not rip, snatch or pull the wall sticker of the wall

2. Using a hair dryer, heat the vinyl directly at the edge you are removing

3. When the vinyl feels warm gently lift edge ( you might need to get a finger nail under)

4. As you roll or pull the vinyl away from the wall, you need to heat the next section of vinyl directly in front of the piece you lifted. Basically you are working gradually heating and lifting.

5. If you can visually see or you can feel a bubble under the paint surface you need to take care lifting over this area. If there is a second person, you can ask them to control the hair dryer while you use your second hand to press down on the bubble as you lift the vinyl off.

6. Continue until all of the vinyl is removed.

7. If there is any gum residue (not common on walls) then wipe the surface with an acetate based cleaner such as nail polish remover.

TOP TIP: Pull or roll the vinyl back against itself like it is being folded back. Do not pull the vinyl out from the wall at 90degrees as this will put more pressure on the paint.

Removing from glass and metal

When removing wall decals from glass or metal, the issue is not normally related to surface damage. It can be much harder to remove from these surfaces because the vinyl sticks so well to them. If you have a paint scraper or metal edged scraper this will be useful, otherwise it will have to be your finger nails.

1. Heat the vinyl directly in front of the area you are removing.

2. Peel/pick at the edge and pull. The vinyl is likely to tear as you do this, then you heat the next bit and remove.

3. Removing from these surfaces is more likely to leave a residue. Deal with that at the end, first remove all the solid vinyl by heating and pulling.

4. To clean the surface you will need an acetate or orange based cleaner that can lift the remaining glue. There are lots of purpose built cleaners for this, or simply use nail polish remover.

TOP TIP: If you hold the vinyl closer to the surface it is less likely to tear. For example, if you are pulling and as you pull, the piece of “free” vinyl is getting longer it is more likely to tear, simply move your hand back down closer to surface to reduce the chance of breakage.

By working patiently and not forcing the vinyl from the surface you will be able to remove the wall stickers and wall decals with no problem.

How to Remove Wall Stickers and Wall Decals

This article is about wall stickers and wall decals that are made of vinyl. Many websites talk about how to put these on the wall, but there may be little assistance for how to remove the wall stickers.

The method for removing wall stickers and wall decals will remain the same, but it might be a little more difficult on certain surfaces and depending on the size of the wall sticker. Let’s look at some of the methods for removing.

Removing from walls

Painted walls are at the highest risk from damage when removing wall decals. This means you need to take some care and focus on avoiding this damage. It is possible to remove wall stickers from even the worst walls.

The worst walls are those that had a poor paint job to begin with. One that has multiple layers of paint and these layers have not been prepared between paint coats. Or one that has air bubbles underneath the paint.

1. Work slowly and do not rip, snatch or pull the wall sticker of the wall

2. Using a hair dryer, heat the vinyl directly at the edge you are removing

3. When the vinyl feels warm gently lift edge ( you might need to get a finger nail under)

4. As you roll or pull the vinyl away from the wall, you need to heat the next section of vinyl directly in front of the piece you lifted. Basically you are working gradually heating and lifting.

5. If you can visually see or you can feel a bubble under the paint surface you need to take care lifting over this area. If there is a second person, you can ask them to control the hair dryer while you use your second hand to press down on the bubble as you lift the vinyl off.

6. Continue until all of the vinyl is removed.

7. If there is any gum residue (not common on walls) then wipe the surface with an acetate based cleaner such as nail polish remover.

TOP TIP: Pull or roll the vinyl back against itself like it is being folded back. Do not pull the vinyl out from the wall at 90degrees as this will put more pressure on the paint.

Removing from glass and metal

When removing wall decals from glass or metal, the issue is not normally related to surface damage. It can be much harder to remove from these surfaces because the vinyl sticks so well to them. If you have a paint scraper or metal edged scraper this will be useful, otherwise it will have to be your finger nails.

1. Heat the vinyl directly in front of the area you are removing.

2. Peel/pick at the edge and pull. The vinyl is likely to tear as you do this, then you heat the next bit and remove.

3. Removing from these surfaces is more likely to leave a residue. Deal with that at the end, first remove all the solid vinyl by heating and pulling.

4. To clean the surface you will need an acetate or orange based cleaner that can lift the remaining glue. There are lots of purpose built cleaners for this, or simply use nail polish remover.

TOP TIP: If you hold the vinyl closer to the surface it is less likely to tear. For example, if you are pulling and as you pull, the piece of “free” vinyl is getting longer it is more likely to tear, simply move your hand back down closer to surface to reduce the chance of breakage.

By working patiently and not forcing the vinyl from the surface you will be able to remove the wall stickers and wall decals with no problem.

Menstrual Cycle modification-Symptoms, Causes &Treatments;Of Spleen Qi Deficiency In The Menstruation Phrase of Menstrual Cycle

I. Definition
Spleen qi deficiency is defined as a condition of spleen can not perform its function as an organ of qi and food distribution due to stomach’s inability in food digestion or spleen physical damage, leading to dampness accumulation and qi stagnation if the deficiency is untreated for a prolonged period of time.

II. Symptoms
1. Weakness
2. Tiredness
3. Pale complexion
5. Shallow breathing
6. Low, soft voice
7. Poor appetite
8. Prolonged headache
9. Fatigue
10. Etc.

III. Causes
1. Liver
Liver has directed influentially in spleen function, without strong liver there is no treatment for spleen qi deficiency, leading to abnormal implantation of egg in the uterus lining.

2. Nutritional deficiency
Since spleen helps to transform carbohydrate synthesizing from the the liver to energy and distribute the nutrients to our body needs. Nutrients deficiency causes spleen qi deficiency leading to fatigue, dizziness and emotional stress.

3. Digestion and elimination
Spleen is view as the organ of digestion ( nutrients distribution ) and elimination ( eliminating the body waste ). Digestive disorder or abnormal function of stomach in food differentiation causes toxins accumulation in the body, effecting the liver function and obstructing the normal menstrual cycle, including infertility.

4. Prolonged intake of cold and raw foods
Cold and raw foods are excess yin in nature, prolonged intake of these types of food cause spleen qi deficiency, leading to not enough blood to nourish the uterine lining, stagnation, resulting in scanty vagina discharge.

IV. Treatments

A. With herbs

1.Ren shen (Ginseng)
Ren shen is considered as one of most powerful herbs in strengthening the original qi in the body. a) In spleen, it improves the spleen function in qi absorption, thus reducing the symptoms of distended chest and abdomen cramps and pain.

2. Huang qi (astragalus root)
It is one of the herb that helps to increase the function of liver in generating more blood and liver qi in blood transportation due to excessive blood loss during menstruation.

3.Tai zi shen (pseudostellaria root)
Besides helping to increase the spleen and lung qi, it also improve the blood transportation and spleen and stomach in absorbing vital energy for our body cells and generates fluids to prevent the heat causes of qi stagnation.

4. Etc.

B. With acupuncture
Suggested acupuncture points
1. CV12 (Zhong wan)
2. ST36 (Zu san li)
3. SP6 (San yin jiao)
4. SP3 (Tai bai)
5. UB20 (Pi shu)
6. UB21 (Wei shu)
7. Etc.

C. With foods
1. Rice
2. Sweet rice
3. Pumpkin
4. Sweet potatoes
5. Squash
6. Carrots
7. Peas
8. Onions
9. Garlic
10. Oyster
11. Etc.

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Bronchitis Symptoms Can Look Like a Common Cold

Bronchitis symptoms normally start out as common cold symptoms. That means common upper respiratory symptoms such as a cough, which may be dry or moist, and a stuffed up nose with catarrh.

This normally then progresses to your chest, as the lungs become congested. Then your cough is wet, moist or rattling. The mucus can be muco-purulent or purulent. But you often can’t bring it up, despite the cough. And you are short of breath, because the presence of so much mucus in your lungs stop them working efficiently.

As the condition worsens, you tend to become weaker, sleeping more.

What this means is that your immune system is so compromised, it can’t stop the condition getting worse.

But there is help at hand. There is a wonderful homeopathic medicine which can help you. But you must know how to ‘read’ your symptoms. Your symptoms are unique to you, not to the disease label. If you can work out what your unique symptoms are, then you can use homeopathy effectively.

So let’s have a look at the homeopathic medicine Antimonium tartaricum (Ant tart for short) and the symptoms you need, for it to work for you.

  • a rattling cough
  • one where you just can’t bring up the mucus
  • when you feel better sitting rather than lying
  • with weariness
  • and you are prone to this condition, especially in winter

These are exactly the same as the common bronchitis symptoms.

This medicine is particularly good for those symptoms when they occur at the extremes of life – in new-borns and the elderly. Bronchitis symptoms are much more common in new-borns and the elderly. An elderly person who is failing, tends to have what is often referred to as a ‘death rattle’.

All this means is that they have a rattling respiration.

The Social Networking Market Opportunity: Quantifying market reach, scale and monetization across the value chain, 2010-15

The online Social Networking market is emerging from an immature period of competitive dislocation to one of market maturity, in which clear user needs and platform value propositions have emerged, paving the way for incumbency, scalability and successful monetization.
Not just another ‘how to make money via social networking; report, ‘Monetizing Social Networking’ is a thorough examination of the totality of emerging value chains, quantifying commercial opportunities along the value chain. It examines these opportunities in the business / strategic context, whereby there will be a ‘few winners take all’ fall-out. The report will be of major significance to brand owners and marketers, but will also deliver a key business advice and data reference vehicle for all stakeholders in the value chain.
‘Monetizing Social Networking’ qualifies and quantifies the commercial opportunities that are available and will emerge in the near term in online social networking for brand owners, advertisers, content providers, apps developers, hardware and software providers, as well as the social networking platforms themselves and their user communities. The period between 2010–2012 represents the key near term strategic window in establishing incumbency in the social networking market, and the market is racing towards maturity by 2015.

Key features of this report

• Quantification of opportunities
• Segmentation of opportunities by geography
• Segmentation of opportunities by stakeholder type
• Segmentation of opportunities by user community demographics
• Full analysis of impact of social, technological, regulatory and business drivers
• Full coverage of Asian and European as well as US markets
• Profiles of 18 leading social networking stakeholders

Scope of this report

• Gain a unique quantified data platform of how online social network markets are gaining scale, and delivering direct and indirect revenue opportunities across the whole value chain
• Access uniquely comprehensive and robust data to permit business planning for global strategy, including forecasts to 2015
• Understand how the competitive environment is changing, and how networks themselves will remain in a difficult financial position, while opening up large revenue opportunities for others.
• Access detailed data and insight into the market globally with all major markets detailed. 20 leading markets representing 88% of global opportunity are separately profiled.

Key Market Issues

• There is apparent value in the scale and growth offered by online social networking, but platforms and other stakeholders need to establish how to successfully monetize this potential.
• There is a lack of clarity regarding the scale, category segmentation and geographic reach of the developing social networking market, making monetization strategy elusive.
• A strategic shakeout is required, in part due to the rise of Facebook, if many current providers are to survive – at the same time, Facebook risks overstretch, and other rising networks such as Twitter and LinkedIn face an unclear monetization path.
• Most stakeholders, especially brand owners and advertisers, will have to move in the period 2010-11 away from a non-quantified, hopeful social media presence and towards a planned, quantified, sophisticated social media strategy.

Key findings from this report

• The online social networking market is emerging from an immature period of competitive dislocation to one of market maturity, in which clear user needs and platform value propositions have emerged, paving the way for incumbency, scalability and successful monetization.
• Online social networks have attained mass – already being used by 971m unique users at the end of 2009.
• Online social networking is becoming a meaningful global phenomenon. The US and Western Europe will continue to be major markets, and will see very strong levels of absolute growth. These early adopter markets are, however, declining in terms of proportion of global users with Asia increasingly dominant.
• In the face of Facebook’s dominance, most networks are embracing a ‘double niche’ strategy – focusing upon clear customer segments and service categories. LinkedIn, for example, targets professionals aged 30-55, and offers professional and career networking services. Hi5 is becoming a specialist gaming network aimed at the 16-29 audience.

Key questions answered

1. What is the scale of the opportunity provided by social networking?
2. How will social networking usage grow in the period 2010-2015?
3. What are the competitive positions of major platforms?
4. Who are the main stakeholders, and what is their position in the value chain?
5. What is the market reach of the major platforms?
6. Are current business models sustainable?

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Stop Osteoporosis: Treatment For Thinning Bones

Functional Fitness

Osteoporosis is a major health threat for 44 million Americans every year. 1 out of 2 women and 1 out of 8 men will get osteoporosis. If you’re a woman 50 or over listen up: ½ of all women in this age bracket don’t even know they have low bone mass. Osteoporosis puts people at a higher risk for painful fractures and decreasing your ability to lead a functional life. Osteoporosis isn’t picky either as it has lots of bones to choose from.

You have 206 bones in your body. So what do you think all these bones do? They aren’t just holding you up. Your bones are living storing materials. Think of your bones like a savings account. Bones have a storage vault: 95% of your body’s calcium is stored in your bones. You see, your body absolutely NEEDS calcium to survive. Calcium is even more important for nerve conduction, muscle contraction, and blood clotting. Calcium actually helps your heart contract because your heart is a muscle. So given a choice between making your heart beat or thinning your bones, your body will withdraw from your bone account leaving your savings weak, thin and frail. And that’s how you get Osteoporosis. You survive, but may be bound to a wheel chair and/or suffer a debilitating fracture. Osteoporosis is the most common cause of hip fractures, a tragedy that I am called upon to treat regularly. Hip fractures are painful and can result in permanent loss of independence and even death. Preventative action should be taken now. Weight Bearing and resistance exercises play an important role in Osteoporosis prevention and treatment. The earlier you begin to build a deposit in your bone bank, the healthier you will be.

Your bones are very complex living cells. Bones are not hollow: unless you look inside the middle of a bird bone. But if you haven’t noticed, we don’t fly too well. There is blood formation within your bones. Red cells carry oxygen and white blood cells to defend us against disease.

44 million Americans have low bone mass resulting in debilitating hip fractures and painful wrist fractures. The best exercises to increase bone density are weight bearing and gravity resistant activities. In order to build bone mass you need to overload your muscles with weights. Weights are not only great for changing the architecture of your bones, they also are readily available and keep you more functional with your activities of daily living.

6 Tips for Healthy Bones:

1. Do strength training 3 days a week every other day.

2. Ask your Doctor about a bone density test.

3. Check with your Doctor about medications that slow bone loss.

4. Eat a well balanced diet that includes the recommended daily amount of calcium for your gender and age.

5. Calcium is more readily absorbed with vitamin D. Talk to your Doctor about the correct amount.

6. To decrease falls that could lead to fractures, practice balance exercises.”

Chronic Neck Pain

The neck (cervical spine) is composed of vertebrae which begin in the upper torso and end at the base of the skull. The bony vertebrae along with the ligaments (like thick rubber bands) provide stability to the spine. The muscles allow for support and motion.

What Causes Neck Pain?

Many patients seek orthopedic care for neck pain, because orthopedists are specifically trained in the workings of the musculoskeletal system, including the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of problems involving the muscles, bones, joints, ligaments and tendons. While some orthopedists confine their practices to specific areas of the musculoskeletal system, most treat a wide variety of diseases, injuries and other conditions, including neck pain.

In some cases, neck pain is caused by emotional stress. Most patients are treated successfully with rest, medication, immobilization, physical / massage therapy, exercise, activity modifications or a combination of these methods.

Massage therapy can include Swedish or Shiatsu massage. If you do not have access to a Certified Massage Therapist you can learn to use a variety of massagers to help ease the tension and aches in your muscles caused by stress. Click here to learn more about the beneficial effects of massage.

Neck Pain Diagnosis and Treatment

Very few patients require surgery to relieve neck pain. For the vast majority of patients, a combination of rest, medication, physical and/or massage therapy will relieve neck pain.

How neck pain is treated depends on what the diagnosis reveals.

For example, if pain is caused by inflammation as a result of stretching muscles and ligaments beyond their limits (sports, yard work, etc), your doctor may prescribe rest. Should your neck pain stem from an injury caused by a severe jolt or other “impact” accident, you may be also receive a neck collar for a specified period of time, as well as medication to reduce inflammation.

If medication is prescribed to reduce pain, it should be used only as directed and should not be taken for extended periods of time. In addition, remember that if your orthopedist prescribes rest, it is vital that you follow instructions carefully.

When neck pain persists or is chronic, your orthopedist may recommend a rehabilitation program that includes an exercise program and various types of physical therapy to help you relieve your pain and prevent it from coming back.

In some extreme cases you may be referred to an orthopedist.

An orthopedist is a medical doctor with extensive training in the diagnosis and non-surgical and surgical treatment of the musculoskeletal system, including bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, muscles and nerves.

Surgery may be necessary to reduce pressure on the spinal cord or a nerve root when pain is caused by a herniated disk or bony narrowing of the spinal canal. Surgery may also be required following an injury, to stabilize the neck and minimize the possibility of paralysis such as when a fracture results in instability of the neck.

Determining the source of the pain is essential to recommend the right method of treatment and rehabilitation. Therefore a comprehensive examination is required to determine the cause of neck pain.

Your orthopedist will take a complete history of the difficulties you are having with your neck. He or she may ask you about other illnesses, any injury that occurred to your neck and any complaints you have associated with neck pain. Previous treatment for your neck condition will also be noted.

Next, your orthopedist will perform a physical examination. This examination may include evaluation of neck motion, neck tenderness, and the function of the nerves and muscles in your arms and legs.

X-ray studies often will be done to allow your orthopedist to look closely at the bones in your neck. These simple diagnostic techniques often help orthopedists to determine the cause of neck pain and to prescribe effective treatment.

Patients who require further evaluation may undergo one or more of the following examinations
:
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). This non X-ray study allows an evaluation of the spinal cord and nerve roots.

CT (computed tomography). This specialized X-ray study allows careful evaluation of the bone and spinal canal.

Myelogram (injection of a dye or contrast material into the spinal canal). This specific X-ray study also allows careful evaluation of the spinal canal and nerve roots.

EMG (electromyogram). This test evaluates nerve and muscle function.

Your orthopedist may supplement your evaluation with blood tests, and, if necessary, will consult with other medical specialists.