Ruptured Cyst Ovarian Causes Heavy Bleeding

Copyright (c) 2010 Chris Jones

Having a suddenly ruptured cyst ovarian, the primary symptom is excessive bleeding. It may seem quite alarming to experience strange bleeding that isn’t part of your menstrual period or a pregnancy.

Women should not fret when bleeding occurs or think immediately that this is a symptom of ovarian cancer: it’s not. Bleeding does not result from ovarian cancer because cancerous cysts don’t react like that. The bleeding has to do with benign ovarian cysts, but it can become dangerous when it worsens and there is excessive blood loss. While ruptured cyst ovarian symptoms can be quite scary, try to avoid panic.

Should you experience excessive or unusual bleeding, don’t hesitate to proceed directly to the hospital for help. Find a good gynecologist and hospital, because if there is a big problem with excessive bleeding, a blood transfusion and maybe even surgery is necessary. This heavy bleeding could be a sign that a cyst twist is happening, which will bring even more complications to the already-sick patient. Inflammation of abdominal tissues could also result, which may worsen the patient’s condition possibly result in excrutiating pain in the pelvis and abdomen. It could also possibly lead to a case of torsion, which inhibits normal blood circulation. Ruptured cyst ovarian can be only one of many causes for a great amount of blood loss.

Surgery, cauterizing, medications, and natural treatments are some of the options for getting rid of a ruptured cyst ovarian in the body. When cases are bad enough for surgery, the doctor will advise the patient to have an operation as soon as possible. This immediate action can keep the cyst from being serious and threatening to the patient and her family. If a doctor only recommends the patient to have the bleeding cauterized, if an operation is not necessary or advisable, don’t be alarmed. This technique is not dangerous: it’s fixed by laser in order to destroy tissues and stop hemorrhaging. For cysts that are intact (have not ruptured), medicines can be used to safely avoid a disaster.

In most cases, a ruptured cyst ovarian problem occurs during a woman’s childbearing years or immediately after, as they’re about to begin menopause. Hard as it may be to believe when it’s happening to you, there usually is nothing to be overly concerned about. Because these cysts aren’t malignant or cancerous, they seldom require much medication to fix. The ruptured cysts can be removed, and have been known to disappear without the need for treatments or surgery.

What Causes Yeast Infection in The Mouth – How Oral Yeast Infections Can Be Easily Treated

Yeast infection in the mouth or medically called as oral thrush is a condition wherein Candida albicans, a type of fungus, grew inside your oral cavity. A question will surely pop into your mind. What causes yeast infection in the mouth? Newborns are exposed to this type of infection during vaginal delivery. There are also infants who are affected by this infection due to the contamination of their pacifiers or nipples of formula bottles.

Adults can also be diagnosed with oral yeast infection which can be caused by both Type I and II Diabetes. If you are using corticosteroid inhalers and were not able to properly rinse your mouth, you are at risk in having oral thrush. If you are a long-term user of oral antibiotics and as well as birth control pills, there is a great possibility that you will develop the condition.

In order for your oral yeast infection to be treated, topical medications such as Nystatin can be applied four times a day onto your oral cavity. Results can be seen after five to seven days.

Fluconazole is another medication that is claimed by doctors as more effective than the former. It is applied once a day for at least one week. If your baby or child is affected by oral yeast infection, it is recommended that you apply the ointment to the nipple of your formula bottles or even to your nipple if you are breastfeeding. This helps in the success of the treatment of your child’s oral thrush.

Do you want to totally get rid of your yeast infection and stop it from ever coming back? If yes, then I recommend you use the techniques recommended in the: Yeast Infection No More guide.

Click here ==> Yeast Infection No More Review, to read more about this natural yeast Infection cure manual, and discover how it has been helping people allover the world to completely cure their condition.

Joint Re-Leaf – A Natural Treatment Option For Osteoarthritis in Dogs

Every year, millions of dogs develop some form of arthritis. In fact, 1 out of 5 dogs currently suffer from this ailment. Despite the fact that arthritis, osteoarthritis in particular, effects mostly older and larger dogs, on average, by the time a dog is 5 years old they will need to be treated for some form of arthritis

While human skeletal structures are very different compared to that of dogs, human joints are constructed the same way as dogs. A joint is the meeting of two bones, and at this union there is a smooth cartilage that wraps around the end of each bone. The cartilage has no nerve endings and acts like a cushion for the joints, preventing any pain from occurring when they move.

Also like humans, many dogs suffer from osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis is a condition that occurs when the cartilage that protects the joints deteriorates, leaving the bones exposed and touching. Unlike cartilage, bones do contain nerves and the rubbing of two bones at a joint creates a great deal of pain, stiffness, and difficulty moving.

So why do so many dog ​​suffer from arthritis? Much of it has to do with their diet. The main source of protein for dogs is red meat, which contains a very high amount of uric acid. Uric acid causes a buildup of crystals around the joints, producing pain and becoming a major contributor to many arthritic conditions occurring in dogs.

Osteoarthritis is very painful and can greatly diminish the quality of life of your dog. They become sluggish and inactive, unwilling or unable to move as they once did, often exhibiting their pain with limping, slowness to get up after lying down, and not jumping as far as they once did. When the pain gets really bad, some dogs even lose their appetite, creating even more worrisome health problems.

The current treatment vets often use for dogs with osteoarthritis is to prescribe them NSAIDs. NSAIDs are indications such as Aleve and Motrin, which are suppose to treat pain. This treatment is not a permanent cure and can do more harm than good. These medications can cause side effects such as vomiting, diarrhea, lack of appetite, or yellowing of the gums or eyes. Long term use of these medications can cause damage to your dogs liver or kidneys.

For a natural and safe way to treat and prevent osteoarthritis in your dogs, use Joint Re-Leaf (TM)

Resveratrol Supplements may Help Alcohol Induced Liver Diseases

Lately there has been much research done on resveratrol and a few have found that it can be incredibly beneficial for alcohol induced liver damage. So what causes alcohol damage to liver exactly? Well it is in part because it stops the actions of two important proteins SIRT1 and AMPK. The role these proteins play is helping the liver break down fat and getting them out of the liver. When alcohol stops these proteins from doing their job, fat starts to build up in the liver and this is what causes cirrhosis and fibrosis.

One exciting study determined if resveratrol was able to help prevent liver disease, and their results prove promising. They had four groups of mice; a control group, control group with resveratrol, mice that ingested alcohol, and mice that ingested alcohol with resveratrol. They diluted alcohol in the water at a rate of 10% for the first, 20% for the second, 30% for the third, 40% for weeks four and on. They found that in the alcohol group mice began dying in the second week, and only four out of 18 survived to the seventh week. While the group ingesting resveratrol and alcohol had a much lower mortality rate; one after the fourth week and 14 out of 18 of the mice survived to the seventh week! (1)

Another study performed found that resveratrol actually helped upregulate the SIRT1 and AMPK, which in turn would help break down fat in the liver, and decrease the chances of cirrhosis and fibrosis, or at least stall it. In their study they did indeed find that mice ingesting alcohol and resveratrol had increased rates of fatty acid oxidation (2).

Overall these findings are very interesting, and even though were only done on mice still show some promise for humans; hopefully in the near future.

References

1. Arenas, Juan I., Joseba Bidaurrazaga, Luis Bujanda, et al. “Effect of resveratrol on alcohol-induced mortality and liver lesions in mice.” BMC Gastroenterol 6 (2006). PubMed Central. <http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi’artid=1657014>.

2. Ajmo, Joanne M., Xiaomei Liang, Christopher Q. Rogers, Brandi Pennock, and Min You. “Resveratrol alleviates alcoholic fatty liver in mice.” Am J Physiol Gastrointest Liver Physiol 295 (2008): G833-842. AJP – Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology. <http://ajpgi.physiology.org/cgi/content/abstract/295/4/G833>.

Panic Attacks – What is the Cure?

Can you imagine having a medical condition that can cause you serious health concerns at any moment through each and every day? This is something that panic attack sufferers have to deal with on a daily basis and it leads to a great amount of stress for them.

These attacks prevent them from having a normal social life because they are unsure of when an attack may come on them. There are everyday occurrences, sights and smells that appear normal to everyone else but can lead to a terrible attack and great embargo in public.

Even though it may not be the best answer, withdrawal from social settings is a natural reaction. While the attacks themselves are very scary, the results of having panic attacks and not getting treatment can be heart attacks, an even more severe outcome. Treatment is available and people can discover the cure for the attacks that will be effective in their lives.

The sunset of the first attack leads to a cycling effect as the sufferer tends to begin thinking about having another attack, which raises their stress levels and could lead into another attack. The sufferers are afraid that they will be caused severe embarrassment in front of people that love them and that they love and care for.

The fear is there that people will not be as accepting of you if they saw you have an attack. It has been found that panic attacks are spurred on with the emotional times in our lives as well as those that contain a lot of stresses and anxiety. Failure is a main concern for many panic attack sufferers.

While the effects of the panic attack can vary by person, most all sufferers have an increased heart rate, a higher body temperature, extreme sweating, asphyxiation, and an overwhelming fear that they are going crazy or that they are dying.

Sometimes the symptoms are just imagined and the person having the attack purely hallucinates the symptoms. These enhanced amounts of turmoil often times leads to pessimism, sadness, and anger. Putting in place some stress management tactics can be the first approach to find a cure for panic attacks.

While stress is typically part of every person's daily life, it can not be completely ignored and avoided. Finding the most appropriate way to deal with life's stresses can lead to the minimization of the panic attacks. It is very important to begin thinking about what the root causes are for the attacks and how you can reduce the stress levels or deal with them in a more positive way.

It is a good idea to not think too much about the times and issues that cause you to experience the panic attacks. It is better to surround yourself with loved ones and friends and to have a healthy social life. You may also begin to speak with a therapist and delve into what the problems may be in your life.

You will have to spend more money to meet with a therapist versus your friends and family but they will help you understand your fears much better. You will also have a very good feeling of relief once you have spoken about what is bothering you and have realized what causes your attacks in general.

You can get great results from putting exercise into your life as well. This is a great way to relieve some stress and to find a cure for panic attacks. Your muscles will be more relaxed and you will have an easier time making it through the day. There are many other ways to deal with your attacks and you should spend the time necessary to explore them.

Information on Feline Lower Urinary Tract Disease

Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) is a term that is used to cover many problems of the feline urinary tract, including stones and cystitis. The term feline urologic syndrome (FUS) is an older term which is still sometimes used for this condition. The condition can lead to plugged-penis syndrome also known as blocked cat syndrome.

FLUTD is not a specific diagnosis in and of itself, rather, it represents an array of problems within one body system.

It affects cats of both sexes, but tends to be more dangerous in males because they are more susceptible to blockages due to their longer, narrower urethrae. Urinary tract disorders have a high rate of recurrence, and some cats seem to be more susceptible to urinary problems than others.

Signs of FLUTD include:

Prolonged squatting or straining in or out of the litter box (some owners may confuse this with signs of constipation) and not producing urine or only a small amount

Frequent urination or straining
Pain while urinating (meowing or howling)
Urinating outside of the litter box
Blood in the urine
Frequent licking of the genital area
Vomiting
Depression

It can be treated by following ways:

If dire, life-threatening status, then correction of hydration, electrolyte and metabolic disturbances if possible is attempted. If the bladder has ruptured, then surgery is required.

Obstruction must be relieved. Quite often, cats are anesthetized and a urinary catheter is placed (in the urethra) to dislodge the offending occlusion and to empty the bladder. Sometimes, to maintain patency, the catheter is left in place for several days.

Antibiotics are administered if urinary infection is suspected; fluids are given to “flush” bladder content (diurese), maintain urine flow, hydration and to correct metabolic and electrolyte derangements.

If crystals or urinary tract calculi (“stones”) are suspected, based upon physical exam, urinalysis or x-rays, special diets and medications may be perscribed (depending upon the nature of the crystals/stones). However, some types are not amenable to medical dissolution and surgery may be required.

There are several causes of FLUTD in cats:

Feline Idiopathic Cystitis (FIC) or unknown cause: This is the most common cause of FLUTD in cats, and is seen in 50 – 65% of cases. Cystitis means “means irritation of the urinary bladder”. Even with extensive testing, much of the time a cause of the symptoms cannot be determined.

Urinary Stones (uroliths): Struvite or calcium oxalate are the most common form of urinary stones. Uroliths are seen in 15 – 20% of cases.

Diet: A diet of dry food & fish flavoured foods can both lead to FLUTD.
Cancer: This is seen in less than 1% of cases.

Trauma or anatomical defects of the urethra: This is seen in less than 1% of cases.

Bacterial infection: This is an uncommon cause of FLUTD & is seen in around 1 – 3% of cases.

How Can These Possible Causes Be Sorted Out?

In younger cats, there is a 50% chance that testing will be fruitless. Given this, testing beyond an examination and urinalysis may not be performed unless the syndrome is recurrent.

Important People for House Building

For those who are engineers, architects or interior designers, house building is definitely a fun process for them. They would understand the process and how it is done. They are the ones who have control over the whole building. During this process, there would be so many people who are involved. Of course, the owner of the house would be one of them but there are other people who are concerned too. They all have their own duties and responsibilities with the house. They may work separately in their areas but they work together to build a perfect house for the owner.

Here are the important and needed people who are involved in the house building and their responsibilities:

• Engineer: Provides the structure design of the whole house; in-charge of providing the structure from the floors to the roof; works together with a work supervisor and a site supervisor

• Architect: the most important person in house building; gets the ideas from the clients and they are the ones who puts it into paper; are knowledgeable with guidelines and legal requirements that are related to your building so they are hired to avoid any legal issues; could pick out the workers for the area

• Contractor: they are the ones who watches all the workers and labourers at the site; supervises their work to ensure that they are doing their job well

• Mason: in charge of the construction of the whole house; in charge of building walls and other construction

• Carpenters and Painters: One of the most needed people during the building process; they are the ones who provides the doors, windows, cabinets and other woodworks that you need; paints walls, ceilings, etc

• Electrician and Plumber: Every house must need a good source of water and electricity so they are the ones who would fix the lines and pipes to have good water supply and electricity connection

All of these people are needed during the house building. So there are really a lot of people when you go to the site. They all must do a good job to be able to build a strong and nice house. They all must agree on things and cooperate with each other so the house would look nice. All of them have one goal. Their goal is to be able to build a home where a person or a family would be able to live comfortably.

Dizziness Its Cause and Symptom

Dizziness

Dizziness, which is sometimes called vertigo, is a sensation of either spinning around yourself or of being stationary while everything that is around you spins. It is not a disease. It is a symptom of a disturbance in the brain and/or the organs of balance in your inner ears . The disturbance may be caused by any of several underlying disorders.

Dizziness may be infrequent and mild, or you may have it very often and be so severely affected that you feel nauseated, vomit, lose your balance and fall down, or even faint.

The term vertigo is often incorrectly used to mean fear of heights. The correct term for fear of heights is acrophobia.

Dizziness is sometimes caused by a specific disease such as labyrinthitis or Meniere’s disease . More often, however, the functional disorder that causes it is minor and only temporary, and the dizziness is also only minor and temporary. It is frequently impossible to discover the cause of the problem. Dizziness is especially likely to occur in the elderly.

What Should be Done?

If you have severe, prolonged, or repeated attacks of dizziness, consult your physician, who may arrange for special diagnostic tests to determine whether anything is seriously wrong. The best way to deal with dizziness is to lie down until it (and nausea, if any) goes away. If there is no identifiable underlying cause of persistent attacks, your physician may prescribe a drug that helps to stabilize the balancing mechanism in your inner ears.

Best Mass Building Chest Workout Edition

This edition will focus on building mass for your chest, which in turn helps create explosive power for your bench! As always, the size you are going to put on will take time and patience, but focusing on the correct exercises and workouts along with a strict diet, correct supplementation and pure motivation will speed this process up tenfold.

The best exercises to focus on are the following:

o Flat Bench

o Incline Bench

o Decline Bench

o Heavy Dumbbell Presses Flat / Incline / Decline

o Smith Machine Bench Press

When focusing on building mass these following exercises will tend to define and sculpt more so instead of building power and mass.

o Dumbbell Fly’s

o Machine Fly’s

o Cable Fly’s

Top Bodybuilder.com recommends the following chest workout for mass building:

o Warm up 2 sets flat bench

o Heavy flat bench 4 sets, 5-8 reps

o Heavy Smith machine Incline Press 4 sets, 6-9 reps

o Heavy dumbbell presses on flat bench 4 sets, 6-8 reps

During your workout incorporate one of our tips which is called negatives. Negative repetitions are a great way to get your tendons and muscles ready to handle a much heavier workload. These are performed with a training partner. Pick a heavy weight that you cannot perform a full repetition with, lower it or perform the negative part of the rep very slowly and have your training partner help you lift it back up through the positive part of the repetition. Repeat this 2-5 times.

Congratulations! You’re on your way to a more explosive bench and a much bigger chest.

What Medications Should You Take For Acid Reflux?

Acid reflux occurs when the acid from the stomach escapes into the esophagus. The sufferer of this condition often experiences a burning sensation, thus a painful one. If left untreated acid reflux can turn severe as it can cause erosion of the esophageal lining. Therefore treatment is utmost important.

There are basically two types of acid reflux medications that are available to the acid reflux sufferer. Those medications consist of over-the-counter medicines and prescription medications.

Over-The-Counter Medications

1) Prilosec

Those who suffer from chronic acid reflux can try Prilosec for badly needed relief. If you have recurrences of acid reflux more than twice in a week, Prilosec may be the right choice for you. It works like the proton pump inhibitor to halt the production of acid in the stomach. With the amount of acid in the stomach reduced, the occurrences of acid reflex are stopped.

However when a person is experiencing acid reflux Prilosec is not to be the immediate choice because it is not intended to provide instant relief. When used together with other medications, there may be some interaction and users should consult their doctor about the prescription medications they are currently taking before taking Prilosec. Prilosec is the first proton pump inhibitor approved for over-the-counter use and is safe when used only according to the instructions.

However if you choose to use Prilosec for daily relief, it should not be taken for more than two weeks in a row. Once the two weeks have passed, you should wait four months before beginning to use it again. Too frequent a usage can hurt the acid pumps, causing severe digestive system failure. Normally after a 14-day regimen of using Prilosec, a medical professional should be consulted for recommended treatment.

If any of the issues listed in the warnings become present or there are side effects that may happen with the use of the medication, the user should stop using the product. It is intended for daily use, one pill each day, and using it according to the instructions should relieve the symptoms of acid reflux for 24 hours.

Since using Prilosec is designed to eliminate what may appear to be the same symptoms of heart problems, it is essential to seek proper emergency medical consultation. If the chest pains appear, followed by the pain radiating through the chest or arms, or if there is a feeling of heaviness or constriction of the chest immediate emergency medical aid should be sought.

2) Antacids

One of many over-the-counter acid reflux medications that are offered is Antacids, which can be taken in liquid form or tablets.

Both liquid form and tablets antacids are helpful for small episodes of acid reflux and work quite quickly in minimizing hyperacidity. In general, these over-the-counter medications are useful in treating the symptoms, but not to stop the cause of acid reflux.

Do remember that when you use over-the-counter acid reflux medications, the intention of alleviating the symptoms is on a temporary basis. Normally, the instructions for use of acid reflux medications should not consecutively be used for over 14 days at a time. If the symptoms continue it is important to seek medical advice and assistance.

The side effects related with taking these antacids medications may include constipation or diarrhea, stomach cramps, or an increased thirst.

Prescription Medications

1) Nexium

Although Nexium is meant to help with acid reflux, it is not a cure for acid reflux. But it will provide relief to people suffering from acid reflux disease.

Nexium is not sold over the counter and is prescribed through a doctor. However it may be useful to do a research before visiting your doctor to know what medications like Nexium for acid reflux is all about. Also, do visit your doctor before taking the medication of your choice.

The Nexium Website

Nexium, also known as the purple pill is a popularly used medication prescribed by many doctors everyday. Through the Nexium website, readers can get themselves familiar with the product, what it does and how it can help them, thus making it easy for doctors to prescribe them.

Nexium is considered as one of the best medications on the market for acid reflux disease at this time. Nevertheless, this doesn’t mean the medication is suitable for you. You have to consult your doctor first to determine whether you should use Nexium. If Nexium for acid reflux isn’t the right solution to your acid reflux, your doctor will help you find one that works.

2) Acid Suppressants

The acid suppressants work to help block the acid production in the stomach. This type of acid reflux medication sends a chemically induced signal to the body that helps to decrease the production of acid in the stomach. Some of these medications consist of Zantac, Pepcid, Tagamet, and Axid.

3) Proton Pump Inhibitors

The proton pump inhibitor also acts to decrease the production of acid in the stomach. However, this particular medication works directly with the cells found in the stomach wall. The interaction with these cells producing acid helps to reduce the secretion of acid into the stomach. Some of these medications consist of Nexium, Zoton, Protium and Paret.

The Six Remembrances in the Hebrew Bible and Phylacteries or Tefillin

Six times in the Hebrew Bible or “Torah,” the term “remember” is used as a commandment for Jews. They are:

1. Remember the Exodus from Egypt

2. Remember receiving the Torah at Mount Sinai

3. Remember what Amalek did to you

4. Remember how you angered G-d (with the golden calf)

5. Remember what G-d did to Miriam (when she slandered Moses)

and last but not least

6. Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy

It’s common to see these listed at the end of the morning prayer service, which also happens to be the time one removes their “tefillin” or in English, “phylacteries,” which are worn on weekday mornings and are removed in a specified order. By the way, I don’t know why the term “phylacteries” even exists. Is there anybody who knows what phylacteries are, but not tefillin?

Anyway, I’ve devised a system to remember each of the 6 items and have them correspond to a part of the tefillin as they’re being removed (the one from the head and the one from the arm).

The straps wrapped around the fingers of the hand are unwound first, which correlates nicely with freedom from Egypt (the fingers, in essence, also become free).

Second, the tefillin for the head are removed, which brings to mind “Torah from Sinai” — Torah study being a cerebral pursuit. It also takes a while to wrap the straps neatly and it gives one time to ponder the significance of the Torah.

Third, Amalek is the ancient enemy of the Jewish people who attacked the weak and feeble from behind when they marched across the desert. Jews are commanded to obliterate the memory of such a group. So at this point, the straps from the arm are allowed to fall limply away, with the hope that Amalek and his descendants will be just as powerless as these straps.

Fourth, a dark point in Jewish history is shortly after the Exodus when the Hebrews built a golden calf to worship as an idol (when many lost faith that Moses would return from the mountain). This memory refers to an action. So at this point the tefillin for the arm are wrapped up (an arm signifying action). Jews should remember not to worship idols — contemporary idols being money, celebrities, material objects, etc. It’s a long strap so this memory corresponds to one half of the strap.

During the time it takes to wrap the second half of the arm strap, the memory of number 5 above can be pondered (Miriam’s slander of Moses — another “action” appropriate for the arm tefillin — which caused her to be stricken with a skin ailment). Jews should remember not to slander or speak gossip.

And finally, the prayer shawl or “tallit” is removed and folded. During this time, the idea of Sabbath (or in Hebrew, Shabbat) can be recalled because just as one is wrapped completely in the tallit, Shabbat is one of the few commandments that also surrounds the Jew completely (being that the Sabbath is concerned with time, not place).

My way of remembering these six remembrances is by no way Jewish law or common practice. But perhaps it can be helpful and give you something to think about while “wrapping things up” after the morning service.

Symptoms, Detection and Tips to Control Digestive Disorders

Symptoms, Detection and Tips to Control Digestive Disorders

The disorders related to stomach, esophagus, rectum, large intestine and small intestine, pancreas, liver, abdomen and gallbladder are called as Digestive Disorder. Now, we will analyze the symptoms of these types of bugs.

Symptoms

The symptoms of these types of diseases are as follow:

Swelling and Pain in Abdomen: In between the chest and pelvin there exists a body part to which we call abdomen. If we observe the pain and swelling in the abdomen then, it is the indication of digestive diseases.

Burping: When we eat too much then so much of air get collected in the stomach and release of this air from the stomach through the mouth is called burping. This act of burping reveals the diseases related to digestion.

Throat: Burn If the burning occurs in the throat and the taste of the mouth become acidic, salty and sour then it is the sign of problems related to digestion.

Problem of Constipation: When we pass stool in the toilet and it is hard or gives pain while passing then it is a problem of constipation. Constipation is the symbol of problem face to digest the food.

Diarrhea: Diarrhea is the symbol of that bug which creates hurdles in digesting the food.

Gas: Due to eating food in excess so much of gas used to be collected in the stomach and this gas is passed through the anus. This exhalation of gas shows the syndrome of digestion.

Nausea: A situation of distress in the upper stomach and a person is about to vomit then this situation is nausea. It is a mark of the malady of improper food-digestion.

Reflux: The passage of acid from stomach to esophagus and throat is the condition of Reflux. It is a symptom of trouble of indigestion.

Vomiting: If we eat too much then the whole food is exhaled through the mouth in the form of vomit and this vomit is the symptom of the trouble of indigestion.

Detection

The Digestive illnesses can be detected by following methods:

X-Ray: The x-ray gives the whole picture of body parts by which we can detect the defect and can treat accordingly.

Sonography: This test shows the different images of different body parts to detect the defect so as to provide correct treatment.

Stool Test and blood test: A part of stool and blood of a person is taken to detect these illnesses.

Colonoscopy: In this test a tube attached to monitor is inserted into the anus of the patient. By moving tube we can view the whole internal body structure so as to determine the problematic area.

Tips To Control Digestive Disorders

The tips to Control these types of maladies are as follows:

Diet Plan: The Diet plan is prepared by doctors in which some types of food are avoided along with some medicines so as to control these maladies.

Know About Digestive System: It sometimes happen a category of food-products are not suitable to person and after having them we use to face these maladies. So to control them, we should be aware about that category and avoid it.

Intake of Balanced Diet: These ailments can be controlled by intake of a balanced diet as in balanced diet food of all types’ nutrients of appropriate quantity is covered.

Intake of Water: Water is a best drink to digest the food. Ailments related to in-digestion can be prevented by mean of water.

Hygienic Condition: Infection is also the cause of these types of ailments. So to avoid the infection we should live in a hygienic condition and prepare and eat the food in a clean environment.

Avoid Tension: A person when feels problematic with any problem then he come across with tension and tension leads to these type of diseases. They can be controlled by visiting a psychiatrist, yoga and meditation.

Social Support: Some people get embraced and do not tell about these problems to their family members and friends. So we should be frank with our family members and friends and share our problem so as to get moral support which helps a lot to treat these illnesses.

These types of sicknesses can be treated by Dr Rakesh Tandon (gastroenterologist in Delhi). This gastroenterologist in Delhi is best in India.

Common Illnesses of Your Chameleon

Like all pets and like all living things, chameleons are prone to illnesses and infections. Their health is very important and cannot be ignored. A chameleon may die if its health and well-being is not properly attended to. A malnourished or stressed chameleon is most likely to die early.

Visible signs of an unhealthy chameleon include sunken eyes and body injuries. If you can see worms under their skin, it is another sign that it is not properly cared for. It is very important for you to know and understand just what a chameleon needs to avoid your chameleon getting any illness or disease.

Dehydration is one of the common problems of chameleons. If you see that your chameleon has sunken eyes, you can assume that it is dehydrated. To be extra sure of it, you can try to pull its skin lightly between two fingers and see if it goes back into place. If it doesn’t, then your chameleon is most likely dehydrated.

Obviously you need to give your chameleon plenty of water when it is dehydrated. The best way is to shower your chameleon for about an hour. Make sure there is a plant with it. Run water with room temperature on the plant. This will encourage the chameleon to lick the water from the plant and help against dehydration. You should also spray its cage before putting the chameleon back. You can also make a drip system and put it in the cage. You can make a drip system by simply making a small hole on the bottom of a container and filling it with water.

A chameleon is also prone to respiratory infections. It can be due to a parasite, or because of heavy exposure to the cold. Stress can also give the chameleon respiratory infections. You can determine if your chameleon suffers from this by holding the chameleon close to your ear and listening to it. If you hear it making cracking noises, then there’s a big chance that it is suffering from respiratory infections. You can also see if it opens its mouth to breathe repeatedly and if there is sticky saliva in its mouth. These are also symptoms of respiratory infections. To treat this infections, it is important that you take your chameleon to a veterinarian.

Internal parasitic infections are common in chameleons that are caught from the wild. You should assume that a wild caught chameleon may have this, and it is recommended that you have it checked with a veterinarian to be sure.  A chameleon will require extensive parasite treatment for this.

Nutritional diseases may also come to your chameleon, especially metabolic bone disease. Check to see if your chameleon has swollen joints and swollen limbs. Observe if it has trouble walking or climbing, or if it doesn’t walk or climb at all. It may have metabolic bone disease. Another nutritional disease observed in chameleons is edema, which is pronounced by swellings in the neck and the throat.

Looking out for and caring for your chameleon is just like caring for any other pet. It is recommended that you give your chameleon the proper attention needed for it to have a stress-free and healthy life. You can always avail the services of a veterinarian if you feel that there’s something wrong with your chameleon. Just remember not to ignore even the smallest sign, for for a small sign like dry skin or sunken eyes can mean that your chameleon already has an illness.

Whole House Air Cleaner Health Benefits

You can not know the importance of your health if you have never lost it. Unfortunately, when you lose your health, you often can not regain it. When it comes to pathogenic factors, people tend to concern more about diet environment. Neverheless, the air we breathe is one of the top factors that contribute to the development of various diseases in our body. These medical conditions may be minor (simple cold, acute allergy, etc.) or severe (asthma, tuberculosis, lung cancer, etc.). Contrary to what most people think, air pollutants are not only in the streets, but also at home and in office. In fact, many environmental studies have shown that the air we breathe at home can be more polluted than the outside. To beneficiate a clean and healthy indoor air, a whole house air cleaner is necessary.

What is the best type of air purifier?

Air purifier is a device used to purify the air from all harmful particles. You and your family are exposed to pollutants that can impair your health. These pollutants may be mold, bacteria, viruses, tobacco smoke, pollen, mites, and other microscopic particles harmful to your well being. There are different types of air purifier with different features on the market, but none is more effective than an ionic air purifier is. This type of air purifiers are designed to eliminate in your home and office all airborne particles such as bacteria, viruses, gas, odor, smoke, etc.

How do Ionic Air Purifiers work?

Our air purifiers are able to destroy in the air microscopic particles as small as 0.5 microns. They are equipped with a HEPA filters (High Efficiency Particulate Air) and negative ions. The HEPA destroys all microscopic allergens (it is recommended to be changed probably every 3 years, depending on the mode of utilization). In the ambient air, the ionization energy joins all dust and air molecules, which are electrically neutral or positive. These harmful particles, having become electrically negative, are harmless and rushed to the ground, leaving an air clean and healthy. In addition, negative ions in your house increase the flow of oxygen in your brain making you feel more active and energetic (mentally and physically), less stressed, depressed and irritable.

Although ionic air purifiers are proven to be better than other types of air purifier, you should know that not all ionizer air purifiers are all the same. The results of the machine vary significantly depending on the manufacturer. All our air purifiers are equipped with: a remote control, supervisor LED screen, timer, fan speeds to 3 levels, compactness and mobility, high-efficiency four-level filtration, a monitor (to indicate the degradation of the filter), and more . Breathe to live not to die; Choose an air purifier that really works.

An Overview of Universal Health in the Philippines

Social Insite.com

Philippines Health; Universal Coverage

An Overview

David J. Gregg MBA

11/3/2011

The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of the Philippine’s Phil Health program.   This paper compares and contrasts private vs. public hospitals, utilization of care for the rich and the poor and government health care expenditures versus that of other countries.  Are more hospitals necessary?   Is Phil Health a good model for other countries?   This paper was developed using entirely secondary research.

Philippines Health; Universal Coverage

An Overview

November 3, 2011

Age Distribution & Life Expectancy

From 3.19 million in 1990, the senior citizen population in the Philippines increased to 4.59

Million in the year 2000.  The older population is growing faster than the total population of the Philippines.

Population projections indicate that senior citizens will be 10 percent of the Philippine population by 2030, with the female population attaining such proportion five years earlier than the male population.

The average Filipino male has a life expectancy at birth of 66.6 years, while the Filipino female has

71.8 years, according to 2006 data.

This increase in the older population places additional demand on the health care system.   This demand will place an additional strain on government spending.

Health Care in the Philippines

The Philippines has what is called a dual health care system consisting of modern (Western) medicine and traditional (voodoo) type medicine.  The traditional approach assumes illness is caused by a breach of taboos set by supernatural forces.  It is not unusual for an individual to alternate between the two.  As an example, if no visible benefits or improvement is seen using Western medicine, people will switch to traditional medicine.

The traditional approach to health care is driven by ancestry and is driven by the lack of funding for formal healthcare.  Without traditional medicine, people will either go without care or create a greater utilization of formal health services.

Although medical treatment has improved and services expanded, pervasive poverty and lack of access to family planning detracted from the general health of the people.  In 2006, approximately 44 percent of the population was living on less than $2 US dollar a day.  The Philippines must put more people to work.  Lifting people out of poverty will reduce the incidence of communicable diseases such as dengue fever. 

Heath care spending per capita in the Philippines in 2009 was $129.  The Philippines ranks very low (141) on the list of World Health Organization countries on health care spending per capita.  Compare this to France:  $3851; Australia: $3,365, United Kingdom: $3,222, South Korea: $1806; Malaysia: $621 and Thailand: $328.  The Philippines spends the same percentage of Gross National Product on health care as other countries.

 Hospitals in all systems have to deal with rising expectations and, more often than not, a need to contain the costs of health care. Outside the developing countries the generic response to this has been to reduce hospital stays and to improve the efficiency of the system, a strategy which seems to be at least partly successful. 

The current global trends of increased efficiency, substitution between inpatient and outpatient care, and changes in clinical management are likely to continue. There is substantial potential to increase the proportion of outpatient care undertaken.  Hospital planners will have to continue to keep pace with rapid changes in the requirements for secondary care.

Out of pocket spending as a share of total health care expenditures has increased in the past few years owning to budgetary constraints on government expenditures.

 In-patient beds density is one of the few available indicators of thelevel of health service delivery.  In 2006, the Philippines had 93,200 hospital beds; equivalent to 1.2 beds per 1000 population.

The presence of medical care facilities, however, does not guarantee that access and utilization of these facilities is equal among resident populations. A number of factors influence utilization of medical resources and services, including trust in both the medical care delivery system and individual provider, severity of disease or illness, and physical proximity of medical resources.

Total health care expenditures by source of funds in 2005 were as follows:

Private                         11%

Out of Pocket                         48%

Government                29%

Social Insurance          11%

Other                           1%

Most hospitals require a down payment of estimated fees in cash at the time of admission.  Hospitals frequently refuse to discharge patients or release important medical documents until bills are paid in full.

The primary cause of death in the Philippines is diseases of the heart; second is pneumonia.  In terms of prevalence of illness, diarrhea topped the list.

For a list of public and private hospitals in Cebu Region VII, refer to Exhibit I.

Phil Health

“The National Health Insurance Act of 1995” or Republic Act 7875, paved the way for the creation of the Philippine Health Insurance Corporation (Phil Health); mandated to provide social health insurance coverage to all Filipinos in 15 years’ time.

In 2005, Phil Health contributed 11 percent or Php 19.2 billion to total health expenditures.  Total expenditures were 180.8 billion.

Under the Phil Health system, no formal system of fixed deductibles or co-payments exists.  Health care providers are allowed to balance bill; charging between the Phil Heath benefits and total cost of care.  This is atypical of most government health programs around the world and can lead to abuse buy providers and thus limited access for the poorest.  Potential abuse of billing by providers in the healthcare sector (balance billing) has a large impact on the poor and rural communities.  Because the poor cannot afford private healthcare or they cannot pay potential overcharging by providers – including possibly even charging for services that are supposed to be free, the poor are sometimes discouraged from seeking professional help.

The benefits section of the Act read as follows:

SEC. 6 Coverage – All citizens of the Philippines shall be covered by the National Health Insurance

Program. In accordance with the principles of universality and compulsory coverage enunciated in Section 2 (b)

And 2 (1) hereof, implementation of the Program shall, furthermore, be gradual and phased in over a period of

not more than fifteen (15) years: Provided, That the Program shall not be made compulsory in certain provinces

and cities until the Corporation shall be able to ensure that members in such localities shall have reasonable access to adequate and acceptable health care services.

SEC. 10. Benefit Package – Subject to the limitations specified in this Act and as may be determined by the

Corporation, the following categories of personal health services granted to the member or his dependent as

medically necessary or appropriate shall include:

Inpatient hospital care:

1) room and board;

2) services of health care professionals;

3) diagnostic, laboratory, and other medical examination services;

4) use of surgical or medical equipment and facilities;

5) prescription drugs and biologicals;

6) inpatient education packages

Outpatient care:

1) services of health care professionals;

2) diagnostic, laboratory, and other medical examinations services;

3) personal preventive services; and

4) prescription drugs and biologicals, subject to the limitations

Below is a sample of some reimbursement rates (in pesos) paid by Phil Health to facilities and medical professionals.

Dengue 1:                     8,000

Dengue II:                   16,000

Pneumonia I:               15,000

Pneumonia II:                         32,000

Essential Hypertension:   9,000

Cerebral Infarction      28,000

Surgical Cases

Radiotherapy:                           3,000

Hemodialysis:                           4,000

Maternity Care:             8,000

Cesarean Section:        19,000

Appendectomy:          24,000

Cholecystectomy:       31,000

The professional fees for the above medical cases are 30% of the reflected amounts while that for surgical cases shall be 40 percent.

No balance billing applies when admitted in government facilities/hospitals.

Program Effectiveness

Thirty two percent of Phil Health members from the richest income sector used Phil Health benefits within the last 12 months – only 17 percent of the poorest availed of the benefits.

The higher rate of utilization by upper incomes is due to 1) more available out of pocket resources; 2) better access to Phil Health facilities and 3) better ability to handle claims paperwork and procedures.

 Characteristics – Public vs. Private Facilities

Government hospitals are categorized as either Department of Health (DOH)-retained.   These entities are funded by through taxes.  Most Filipinos seek advice from government hospitals as it offers free medical services.

Private hospitals are classified as primarily for-profit business entities.  They are market oriented and financed primarily by patients paying for utilized services.

According to the health department, the private sector accounted for fifty percent of the 93,200 beds in 2006.

Eight of ten hospitals licensed by the Department of Health are accredited by Phil Health.  Private hospitals account for 61 percent of those accredited by Phil Health.

Two disadvantages of public hospitals include increased work load per nurse and fewer supplies and equipment.  Fewer budget dollars are available to purchase supplies, which affects the quality of care provided.

On the other hand, private hospitals have highly sophisticated equipment such as state-of-the-art cardiac monitors and other life saving machines used by hospitals in first world countries. Hospitals with specialized medical services are critical for decreasing fatality as well as improving the quality of life for individuals who suffer from chronic disease and illness.  

Areas with several hospitals

Baguio City (population 250 thousand) is an example of an area with several hospitals.  Baguio City has six private hospitals.  Interestingly, the big hospitals are in close proximity to each other (including a DOH hospital).  Despite this, these hospitals have created a cooperative rather than a competitive environment.  To illustrate, each hospital has a specialized ancillary service which they share with other hospitals.

Areas with a Lack of Hospitals

Recognizing the lack of facilities in certain parts of the country, some hospitals are thinking of expanding or putting up satellite hospitals.

Demographics Served

Seventy seven million (or 82%) of 92 million Filipinos are covered by Phil Health as of March 2005.

Seventy two percent of 4.7 million indigent families are enrolled in Phil Health. 

Utilization

Utilization of private hospitals is driven by Phil Health and socio-economic status.  Those with Phil Health are more likely confined in a private hospital than those without Phil Health.  Seventy four percent of the rich are more likely to be confined in a private hospital.

To provide needed services, the DOH recommends  a bed-to-population ratio of 1:1000 per province.  In the Central Visayas region (VII), which includes Cebu City and Bogo City (see exhibit II), 50 percent of provinces do not meet the recommended ratio.

Hospital care is the most expensive component of medical care.  To reduce costs, advances in medical technology have expanded the types of procedures that could be provided in an outpatient setting. In the United States, the introduction of the Medicare prospective payment system (PPS) also contributed, given its payment incentives that encouraged reductions in inpatient lengths-of-stay and a shift of some care to outpatient settings. Finally, managed care was a strong force between 1980 and 1995, and health maintenance organizations (HMOs) in particular focused on utilization management to reduce unnecessary hospitalizations and hospital days.

Phil Health’s socialized medicine can help reduce medical costs by encouraging cost reduction practices, reducing the length of hospital stays and also by capping costs for medical procedures.

Disparity between Rich and Poor

A 2006 study showed more Phil Health funds go to well to do families instead of the less privileged.

According to the study, P5.2 billion in Phil Health reimbursements in 2003 went to the richest 20 percent of beneficiaries; while only P1.4 billion went to the poorest sector.

Premiums and Low Income Funding

Coverage premiums are categorized as follows:

  •  Formal sector
  • Indigents financed by central and local governments
  • Retirees who paid 120 months of membership.
  • Individual paying programs.

Benefit packages are the same for all groups.

The formal sector is made up of workers and they are enrolled on a mandatory basis.

The Indigent sector receives program qualification for Phil Health by the local government.  The local government then enrolls those that are determined to be poor. 

For the rest, there is an enrollment option.

Enrollment is mandatory only for the formal sector.  Employers pay three percent and employees pay three percent.

Premiums for the indigent and informal sector are 1200 pesos annually. 

Premiums for the poor  are paid by local government  contributing 25 percent and the national government contributing 75 percent.

Confinement in the Department of Health hospitals is free for indigents.

One issue regarding low enrollment  among the indigent population is the lack of required birth certificates and marriage certificates  be provided.  The indigent population usually does not have marriage or birth certificates. The government must address this issue.

How coverage is financed.

Revenues of private hospitals amounted to Php 46 billion in 2006.

On the average, private hospitals spent PhP 3 billion on capital expenditures, averaging 5.7 million per hospital.

A high proportion of patients confined in both public and private hospitals use out-of- pocket payments to finance their hospitalization.  Higher Phil Health utilization occurs among patients confined in private hospitals (51%) compared to public hospitals (24%).

Hospital revenues per admission varies by location.  Areas with the highest income were charged, on average, 14,648 PhP per admission.  A hospital servicing a lower end income may earn, on the average,  PhP 4,398.  The number of private hospitals is highest in areas with a low incidence of poverty.  However, a significant portion of the patients confined in private hospitals borrow money from others for the payment of their confinement.

Outreach

More indigent outreach programs are necessary to improve the number of people enrolled.  Rather than providing a walk-in office for indigents to enroll, the government needs to go directly to the people.  One suggestion would be to recruit volunteers and set up a door to door enrollment campaign.  Many rural areas have door to door solicitors selling everything from food to clothing.  This example shows how this approach to enrollment can be successful.

Universal Coverage

Regulation RA No. 7875 targeted 100 percent of the indigent population by 2010. To date, only 72 percent of indigents have Phil Health.   Local government is not making a concentrated  effort  to offer Phil Health to the poor.  In addition, the national government has not made Phil Health mandatory for all populations.  Therefore, universal health coverage is nearly impossible

Conclusion

While many countries, including the United States, have millions of uninsured with no means to pay for the high cost of medical care, the Philippines has developed Phil Health; universal health coverage which is intended to insure 100 percent of the population.

While the rich have benefited greatly from utilization of the Phil Health program, the poor have very low utilization.  Better education, a greater level of enrollment and improved access to care will help increase utilization.

The Philippines is in an excellent position to utilize cost saving principles similar to Health Maintenance Organizations (HMOs) because the government  controls half the hospitals in the country and the government provides insurance through the Phil Health program.

For the healthcare system to function efficiently, high standards of care must be maintained in government run hospitals.  In addition, the use of private hospitals providing a higher level of care and the traditional approach to health care are two systems necessary to augment a very limited government health care budget.

Outreach strategies must be improved to provide health care coverage for the indigent.

References

Department of Health. AO 2005-0029; Amendment to AO No. 145 s. 2004: Amending AO No. 70-A series 2002 re: Revised Rules and Regulations Governing the Registration, Licensure and Operation of Hospitals and other Health Facilities in the Philippines.

Department of Health, Hospital statistical reports, 2006-2—8

Department of Health-BHFS. 2009 List of Hospitals and Other Facilities

Department of Trade and Industries Types of Business Enterprises.  www.dti.gov.ph

Health Care in the Philippines, Expatformum.com

Healthcare in the Philippines, www.allianzworldwidecare.com/healthcare

National Statistics Office and ORC Macro.  National Demographic and Health Survey 2008

National Statistics Office.  Census for Philippines Business and Industries, 2006

Philippine Commission on Women.  RA 6938.  Cooperative Code of the Philippines.

Philippines Special Report, December 2001.

Profile of Private Hospitals in the Philippines, Philippine Institute for Development Studies, 03/11

The Republic Act 7875, amended August 11, 2011.

Exhibit I                                        Government Owned Hospitals

Central Visayas Region

Badian District Hosp

Balamban district hospital

Bataan District hospital

Bareli District hospital

Camp lapulapu army station hospital

Cebu City Medical Center

Daanbantayan District Hospital

Danao District Hospital

Dr. Jose Ma V Borromeo  Memorial Hospital

Eversley Child Sanitarium

Guba Community hospital

Isidro Kint anar memo. Hospital

Jesus M. Paraz Memorial District Hospital

Juan B. Dosado Memorial Hospital

Lapulapu City District Hospital

Mactan Benito EbuenAir Base Hospital

Mandaue City Hospital

Mariano Jesus Cuenco Memorial Hospital

Minglanilla District Hospital

Oslob District Hospital

PNP Hospital

Ricardo Maningo Memorial Hospital

Severo Verallo Memorial Hospital

St. Anthony Mother and Child Hospital

Sta. Rosa Community Hospital

Talisay District Hospital

Toledo City General Hospital

Tuburan District Hospital

Vicente Sotto Memorial Medical Center

Exhibit I (cont.)

Private-Owned Hospitals

Central Visayas Region

Argao Communty Hospital

Baking Medical Clinic

Bogo-Medellin Medical Center

Camotes-Loac Medical Clinic

Cebu Doctor’s Hospital

Cebu North General Hospital

Cebu Puer Center and Maternity House

Cebu TB Pavilion

Cebu Velez General Hospital

Chong Hua Hospital

Deiparin’s Medical Clinic

Dr. Ignacio M. Cortes General Hospital

Dr. Ildefnso Alcantara  Memorial Hospital

Dumdum Medical Clinic

H.W. Miller Santarium

Julio Cardinal Rosales Memorial Hospital

Mactan Community

Our Lady of Rule Maternity Hospital

Pantinople Medical Clinic

Perpetual Succor Hospital

Reihard Wirtgen Memorial Hospital

Sacred Heart Hospital

Seaman’s Hospital

St. Vencent General Hospital

Tojong Inc. Maternity and General Hospital

Vicente Gullas Memorial Hospital

Visayas Community Medical Center

Bogo City (which is part of the Central Visayas  Region VII)

Severo Verallo Memorial District Hospital

TayTayan, Bogo City, 6010 Cebu

Hon. Gwendolyn F. Garcia –CEO

Dr. Carlos F. Layese, Jr. – Chief of Hospital

Ms. Imelda A. Calungsod – Administrator

Exhibit II

Population

Central  Visayas Region VII

Bohol        1.1 million

Cebu          2.1 million

Negros       1.1 million

Siquijor      8.7 thousand

      Population of major cities, shown as a subgroup:

                  Cebu City                    718 thousand

                  Lapu Lapu                   217 thousand

                  Mandaue City             259 thousand