Brain Damage Leads to Adult Cerebral Palsy

This is a disorder that is always associated with the medical condition of both a mother and child. It can take place as early as in the stages of pregnancy. Cerebral palsy is not only present in infants but likewise with adults.

The brain or mind of a person is one of the focal points of human activities. This is responsible for making decisions on the things that the body should do for a certain situation. From a mere idea that pops up on your mind, you start to scribble and find the best possible solution or action as a response.

What if your mind began to malfunction? This will surely be a crucial point in your life because your entire system will be affected. It is the saddening truth because a person experiences a loss of brain control over movement.

The causes for the development of a cerebral disorder are not clearly established. Medical researches have been done but nothing is proven yet. These are probabilities alone. The disorder can be caused by the deficiency of oxygen during pregnancy especially if the woman has constant alcohol intake and cigarette smoking. Likewise, it can also be due to certain blood conditions leading to jaundice then to cerebral palsy.

It is also believed that if the child experiences brain damage during his early years because of the constant bumping of his head to the floor or some hard objects, he or she is likely to suffer from cerebral palsy in the future.

When it comes to the adults, such brain disorder can be determined after you have observed the common symptoms. Sometimes, a person may tend to ignore it because they are inclined to thinking that the said signs are just being part of old age. It is best if an afflicted person will contact their doctors immediately. Frequent to them is the athetoid that results to drooling, grimacing and difficulty in speaking.

There are four general classifications and each of such is distinct in effect and symptoms to the patient. The level of tolerance will also vary. They are called spastic, athetoid, ataxic and mixed. Among these types, spastic is the most common that typically attacks cerebral palsy patients.

You can be well oriented about the effects of the four types by asking your trusted doctors. Don’t worry because if early detection is done, they can still be prevented from worsening.

Sleep Paralysis – 4 Simple Steps to Deal With Lucid Dreaming Sleep Paralysis

Many people, while attempting to have a lucid dream, experience a scary incident called sleep paralysis. The good news is that you need not let sleep paralysis scare you out of having a wonderful lucid dreaming experience.

What is sleep paralysis?

During sleep paralysis, you remain half wake and half sleep. You find that you can not move. Getting panicky only worsens the situation. If you panic, you might hallucinate that there is something evil in the room. You might see grotesque figures or you might imagine that something is trying to kill you. This is pure hallucination, created by a terrified mind. Unfortunately, it could drive many people from having delightful lucid dreaming experiences.

How do you deal with sleep paralysis?

The following is a step-by-step process to have a lucid dream without being disturbed by sleep paralysis.

Step one: Affirm

Before going to bed, say firmly to yourself that you will remember your dreams and have the power to control them. Repeat this positive affirmation till you find yourself drifting off to sleep.

Step two: Maintain a dream diary

You need not write in your dream diary forever, only till you learn complete dream recall. Every time you wake up, write down your dream experiences in your diary. If you can not remember everything, write as much as you can. Dream recall enhances dream control.

Step three: Have a lucid dream

Here is a technique that has worked for many people.

Establish a sleeping pattern and stick to it for about a week. Then, break it! Go to sleep a few hours later than your usual bedtime hour, but wake up at your usual waking hour. Get out of bed, do something to shake off your sleep, and then get back to bed.

Going to sleep on your back is of paramount importance! Do not sleep in any other posture. As you start falling asleep, think about the type of dream you would like to have. You can even plan your dream.

When you fall sleep, you will start dreaming the very dream you were thinking about. You may feel some vibrations or pulsations or you may hear some buzzing sounds. All this is quite normal.

Step four: Dealing with sleep paralysis

In case you find yourself half-sleep and half-awake and find it difficult to move, you are in sleep paralysis.

Stay calm! Many people panic and end up having a nightmare or, still still, seeing something terrifying. So, do not be afraid. Instead, focus on your breath. Think happy thoughts, and the sleep paralysis will soon get converted into a great lucid dream.

Congratulations! You have succeeded in getting a lucid dream. You can now use lucid dreaming for any purpose. You can develop skills, learn new things, solve your problems, enjoy sex, fly into space, visit foreign countries, go back in time, meet exciting people, and many more.

Everything is now under your control. Lucid dreaming transforms you into a god, with the ability to change anything, create anything, and experience anything you will.

What is a Hernia?

A hernia occurs when one or more of your internal organs forces its way through weak muscle tissue. Muscles around the intestine, for example, are usually enough enough to keep your organs in their rightful place. Sometimes these weaknesses cause the organ to poke through the muscle that causing a hernia.

There are four main types of hernia that affect the human body:

  1. Inguinal Hernia – This type of hernia takes place when the intestine pokes through the lower stomach area.
  2. Femoral Hernia – This type affects the groin and inner thigh area.
  3. Umbilical Hernia – This commonly affects the area surrounding the navel
  4. Incisional Hernia – This particular type occurs when tissue pokes though a man made incision or cut, possibly from a previous operation.

In the majority of cases seen, hernias often show little or even no symptoms at all. Sometimes serious obstacles in the bowel can take place which have the potential to be very dangerous to the sufferer. Blood supply to the vital organs can also be interrupted causing damage and sometimes failure of the affected body parts.

Both of these side effects should be treated very seriously and are classed as emergencies. Surgery is usually the only option to treat a hernia. If you are worried that you or some one you know may have a hernia problem, please do not hesitate to contact you local health practitioner. Hernias can often go unnoticed for some time, waiting for any side affects to take place could be extremely detrimental to your health.

Disk Defragmentation – One Solution to Fix a Slow Computer Effectively

It is for sure that no one wants to work with a slow computer. If you have ever searched the internet for solutions to fix a slow computer, you will get kinds of recommendations. But have you ever thought of what you can do in your daily life to avoid or fix a slow computer? If not, this will be a right place for you.

We all know that there are lots of things resulting in a slow computer, for example, too many installed programs or the lower computer configuration. But please note that the defragmentation on the computer is a main factor of the computer slowdown. First of all, please note that separation is created when the hard disk is impossible to locate a complete file into the same place. At this time, the content will be cut into many parts and then saved at different places of the hard disk. If the file is used frequently by the system, it will take more time for the hard disk heads move forward and back frequently to reassemble the associated data. Here, the more fragmented the hard disk is, the longer time it will take when trying to access or retrieve the files, which will completely slow down the disk visiting time. So to fix a slow computer, it is necessary for us to defragment the hard disk, making the relevant files always locate at a single directory of the hard disk. Therefore, it will shorten the time to access them, speeding up the computer.

It is note to all that we can simply go to use the window's built-in defragmenter to defragment the computer. But here, it is necessary to mention that in order to faster defragment the computer and smoothly run the disk defragmentation, please remember to first run a disk cleanup and error checking before the defragmentation. Beside, it is more appreciated that you can close all other running programs when defragmenting the computer.

In conclusion, it is necessary for us to run a disk defragmentation in a regular basic in order to avoid / fix a slow computer. To my own experience, it is much better to defragment the computer with a professional defrag program for their advanced defragment technology.

Chemotherapy Medication

Chemotherapy is the treatment used to kill or stop the growth of cancer cells. Chemotherapy drugs disturb the life cycle of cancer cells and prevent their reproduction. It may be used as single drug or in combination. Chemotherapy treatment may be used before, after or alongside with surgery, biological therapy, radiation therapy and bone marrow transplants.

There are various ways to give medicines such as oral medicines that are given in pill and liquid form to sip and some can be applied directly on the skin as creams, patches and lotions. Others drugs are given as injection that is injected using syringe and needle into the muscles and body cavity or directly into cancerous area.

The gadget like needle, used for medication is usually inserted into a vein in the arm or lower arm when the treatment session begins and can be removed at the end of session. The other gadget is the catheter, which consist of a thin, flexible tube that is inserted into a larger vein of chest, spine, arm, abdomen and pelvis.

Catheter is of several types in which some are thread up towards the heart and some with several opportunities. Catheter may be used for long term chemotherapy to minimize the number of needle sticks that patient must need to continue. There is another way or gadget used to treat the cancer that is the port, in which the catheter is attached used to small metal or plastic disc placed under the skin.

Chemotherapy treatment can be given in a patient's home, physician's office, hospital or clinic. It is given as an outpatient or as an inpatient. Sometimes, chemotherapy needs high doses of specific areas that are known as regional chemotherapy. There are some examples of regional chemotherapy such as Intra-arterial (Artery), Intraplural (chest), Intravesical (bladder), Intraperitoneal (abdominal) and Intrathecal (central nervous system).

Chemotherapy treatment depends on the type, stage, current health of patient and the quantity of dose to be given. You can use combination of drugs that help to increase the effectiveness. Chemotherapy may cause some side effects like omitting, nausea, weight loss, hair loss, memory loss, mouth sore etc. These side effects may be temporary or permanent.

We can cure these side effects by using other medicines along with chemotherapy treatment and by using the drugs within strict guidelines. Physicians use calculated quantity of chemotherapy medication for the cancer patient. Doses are measured in milligrams and appropriate level depends on a patient's weight.

Mostly, the quantity of medication during an individual season is determined by using a formula based on patient's body surface area. This quantity is calculated on patient's weight and height.

How To Stop Back Pain

Every one of us has had back pain or knows someone who has suffered from back pain at some point in their lives. Sometimes it is just a minor ache and other times, it can be debilitating pain. For most cases, this can be rectified with some post building exercises in less than 15 minutes per day.

The most common client that I have found over the years is a person who sits at a desk too long. They are usually in front of a computer for 40 hours or more every week. Due to this, some key posture muscles undergo adaptive shortening, which is the tightening of muscles from being held in a shortened position for extended periods of time. With this, the antagonist (or opposing) muscle will become overstretched and weakened. This person's shoulders will roll forward and their hip flexors will get tight. This combination can ever lead to back pain. Let's break this down one by one.

1) The problem: anterior pelvic tilt from tight hip flexors, which causes the abdominals to become overstretched and the lower back muscles too tighten.

The solution: I have my clients perform supersets to save time and increase intensity. They will do a hip flexor stretch for 30 seconds on each side. Then without rest my client will perform a set ten to twenty reps of slow and controlled crunches on a BOSU ball. Each repetition should take a total of 10 seconds (count one Mississippi, two Mississippi …) or 5 seconds up and 5 seconds down. An alternative for those without a BOSU ball would be 20 to 50 slow and controlled bicycle crunches. Do a total of three sets of these exercises.

2) The problem: tight pecs or chest muscles, which causes the rear deltoids and rhomboids to become weakened. The shoulders roll forward this person's chest caves in.

The solution: You guessed it … a superset! This time we will perform a pectoral stretch against a wall for 30 seconds on each side and immediately follow up with a set of fifteen reverse flies with a theraband or cables. At the point of maximum contraction (or when the therapand is making contact with you chest), contract your rhomboids by squeezing your scapulae together. Three sets will be your goal again.

Do these exercises daily until you get pain relief. Once pain has subsided, do these exercises regularly so your back pain does not return.

Tonsil Stones Are Painful – Try These Home Remedies

Tonsil stones are otherwise known as tonsilloliths are nothing but hard rocks which are formed in the pockets or crypts of the tonsils. Diseases may or may not be painful and may not be even seen for a long time particularly when they do not exhibit any symptoms.

It has been found that diseases occur commonly in people who suffer from tonsillitis often. Diseases are formed when pockets are created in tonsils, food, debris and drainage are collected in them. In the course of time the materials become hard and calcify to cause infection and irritation at times.

Diseases might be formed due to the combination of bacteria, debris and mucous. Diseases might be either small in size and sometimes might be very big in size and even painful in nature. The size of the diseases might be due to the size of the pocket in the tonsils and can be directly proportional to the debris which collections in it.

They can also be called as the calcified type of deposits found in tonsils. They can be yellow or white in color. The visible tonsil types are the ones which may be protruded from the tonsil pockets located on the throat sides. When diseases are touched after removing them they feel very hard and if opened or burst, they can cause a foul smell. This might be due to the sulfur type content in them.

Tonsil stones can lead to throat soreness and in general the painful throat can be very bothering. Tonsil stones may cause bad breath with or without any other complications or problems. If there is fever and diseases becoming painful, it is better to get medical attention immediately. It may be due to inflammation or infection which may require treatment. When sufferers make use of waterpiks and similar equipments, it is better to use them with the lowest setting and that with more care as excess pressure can damage the tonsils and making the foul smell spread all over the mouth. The bad smell can be very pronounced that the sufferer may not be even able to consume food for many days.

The best way to get prevention or getting cured from the recurrence of disease is by surgery. For smaller diseases that are not painful and which do not exhibit any symptoms however may not require surgery but mild treatments like salt water gargle and oxygenated mouthwashes are enough.

Home Remedies for Curing Tonsil Stones

Tonsillectomy not only can lead to various health problems later but also does not come at a cheaper price. The surgery can also hinder day to day activities for some time. Here, it is avoided most often. In fact, there are natural and scientifically proven ways to get rid of tonsil stones so they never return. It's absolutely not necessary to go for a long, drawn out surgery or wasting your money on expensive nasal sprays and tablets.

Diabetes – Smoking Danger

Nicotine is a stimulant, speeding up the heart by about 20 beats per minute with every cigarette and reduces the body's ability to use insulin by 15 percent. It also raises blood pressure. Nicotine makes arteries all over the body become smaller making it harder for the heart to pump through the constricted arteries, causing the body to release it's stores of fat and cholesterol into the blood, therefore smoking decrees the circulation of blood through our body causing less oxygen to be delivered to our vital organs and tissues. This makes diabetics harder to manage heart disease at the same time causing it.

Because of poor circulation of blood in the body, the immune system slowly responds to allergens, bacteria and virus attacks, smoking diabetics are easier to get colds, the flu and sick more often. This poor circulation also increases the risk of impotence, that is a significant problem for men with diabetes even if they do not smoke.

Also, smoking blunts the ability to taste. Smokers choose foods with strong flavors, therefore smokers tend to eat less fruits and vegetables and more in fat and salt.

Since smoking causes fluctuation of insulin in the blood stream this increases blood pressure, and cholesterol and decreases the circulation of blood in our body. Smoking diabetics are at least 3 times at risk of developing heart disease than diabetics who do not smoke and they are much likely to die if they suffer a heart attack. Managing meal plans became very difficult for diabetics smokers. Therefore stop smoking is the benefit for a diabetic smoker's own good.

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Risk Management and Obesity

If you work in the medical field you are probably familiar with the phrase Risk Management. Outside of caring for the patients, risk management is perhaps the most important issue facing a medical practice today. In recent years, American's of all ages have gotten heavier and health care professionals around the country seem to be struggling with obesity related risks. Managing these risks properly may prove to be the key in keeping a successful practice free of lawsuits.

Obesity can affect a medical practice in a number of ways. In order to protect itself from potential litigation, a medical practice needs to focus risk management efforts on creating a safe environment for patients of all sizes. The first step is creating awareness in the office. Talking to employees about the obesity epidemic is a good start. Statistics show that two out of three patients are obese and that number is expected to rise in the future. Encourage everyone working at the office to lead by example and cut down on their own unhealthy habits. Making sure the staff is trained in the correct methods for moving obese patients in the case of an emergency is also important.

Ask members of the staff to check for a maximum weight rating on all of the exam tables and waiting room furniture. Obese patients sometimes have limited mobility and may walk with the assistance of canes or walkers so thoroughly examine carpeting and other flooring in the office for signs of wear. Make sure that any loose wires or electrical cables are securely covered so as not to become a tripping hazard. If wheelchairs are present in the office, make sure that they are in proper working order and check for a maximum weight rating. Taking these steps will dramatically reduce risks in the office. Helping obese patients lose weight quickly and safely should also be a focus for risk management. The longer a patient is obese, the more at risk they are for developing other illnesses. Obesity has already been linked to osteoarthritis, type II diabetes, sleep apnea, certain types of cancer and a variety of other ailments.

Doctors everywhere know that do-it-yourself dieting and fad products do not work for the vast majority of their obese patients. Impressive new methods have been developed within the medical community to address the needs of millions of overweight American's. Physicians are communicating with their obese patients about the scientific options for weight loss. The sheer number of options can be overwhelming and each has pros and cons associated with it. They range from meal planning with a dietitian and a customized exercise regimen with a personal trainer to prescription appetite suppressants or bariatric surgery. One of the more appealing options has come in the form of a comprehensive program offered by Smart for Life Weight Management Centers.

The Smart for Life Weight Management Program was developed and is administrated by doctors. It has proved successful for thousands of patients because it focuses on helping them to change their eating habits for life. Instead of focusing only on weight loss, Smart for Life has added a weight maintenance portion for patients who reach their goal weight. By addressing the downfalls of other weight loss approaches, the Smart for Life team feels that they have come up with a winning combination that will appeal to the masses.

Smart for Life has discovered the six most common reasons a person will fail on a diet. Many weight loss systems over the years have addressed one or more of these issues but Smart for Life is the first to have developed a system that addresses them all. A person may fail due to the following reasons:

1.) They are not losing weight fast enough to stay motivated

2.) They are too hungry to stay compliant with their nutrition plan

3.) They are not monitored on a regular basis and therefore do not feel accountable for their progress

4.) The nutrition plan they have been given is not convenient

5.) Their individual risk factors are not continuously monitored by a medical professional.

6.) They are not including long term lifestyle change as a priority.

The Smart for Life Weight Management Program was designed to deal specifically with each of these items. Patients on the program see an average weight loss of twelve to fifteen pounds per month which helps them to stay motivated. To control hunger through the day, a patient will eat six specially formulated organic cookies. Each cookie is full of nutrients, amino acids and, fiber to naturally suppress hunger while supplying the body with the protein and healthy fats it needs to maintain energy. Going with an organic formula means that the cookies have a higher nutrient content, more protein and, no pesticides or chemicals. The dinner meal consists of six to eight ounces of healthy protein (some patients will consume additional protein during the day depending on their gender and unique nutritional needs) and two cups of vegetables.

Another aspect that is critical to the program's success is accountability. Each patient receives a one-on-one consultation with a physician, nurse practitioner or doctors assistant before starting. The consultation includes analysis of blood work BMI and an EKG. Appropriate long term and short term goals are also discussed. Most patients will also be put on vitamin and mineral supplements to ensure proper nutrition.

Accountability does not end there. Each week the patient comes in to have their weight, pulse and, blood pressure monitored. Every fourth week, the patient meets with one of the providers to discuss their progress. This cycle continues until the patient gets close to a healthy BMI. At that point, their caloric intake is increased and their exercise routine enhanced. Patients are weaned off of the organic cookies and encouraged to continue eating six small healthy meals during the day. As part of weight maintenance, patients still come in to have their vital signs checked on a regular basis.

The cookies are a convenient meal form because they require little to no planning. A single package contains all six cookies needed for the day. Offered in a growing variety of flavors these cookies provide a safe and healthy alternative to prescription based appetite suppressants. With an average weight loss of twelve to fifteen pounds per month the Smart for Life Weight Management Program is comparable to bariatric surgeries without the associated health risks and co-morbidity rates.

From a risk management point of view, it makes sense for doctors, nurses and doctors assistants to refer their patients to programs like Smart for Life. Practitioners also need to make sure that they are adequately documenting their recommendations in these situations. There have been cases recently where doctors have been found at fault for not helping their obese patients to lose weight. In the case of Lawrence Smith's family vs Doctor Franklin Price, a Cleveland internist, a jury levied a $ 3.5 million judgment against Dr. Price for not doing enough to keep Lawrence Smith from developing coronary heart disease which led to a fatal heart attack. Through documenting appropriately medical professionals can avoid future complaints of "not doing enough to help" their obese patients.

Programs like Smart for Life can further lower the risk to primary care physicians, family practice doctors and OB / GYN practices by helping patients to lose weight before they develop weight related illnesses. More importantly, a program like Smart for Life helps patients keep excess weight coming back which lowers longer term risks.

Medical professionals will have to adapt in order to manage their obesity related risks. Legal precedent and a rising national obesity rate have heightened the need for changes in patient care and office protocol. Even with the safety net of risk management practices around the country will face litigation in the future. Referring patients to healthy, medically supervised weight loss programs may prove to be the difference between winning and losing the cases centered on obesity.

How to Prevent Shaving Rash

Razor bumps, ingrown hair and shaving irritation are generally the effect of pulling the skin too tight during shaving and thereby cutting the hair too short. Some useful ways to prevent shaving rash include the following: (1) do not pull your skin tight during shaving, (2) shave in the direction of your hair growth, (3) avoid too close a shave, and (4) consider growing a designer stubble to avoid regular shaves. If you do notice infection, stop shaving and apply a mild antiseptic that contains tea tree oil as one of its active ingredients. Get yourself a good exfoliant to remove dead cells and debris from your skin. Vitamin A related products such as Retin A also help to exfoliate the skin and surrounding hair follicle area.

It is also always a good idea to soften your beard by taking a shower before shaving, putting a hot towel against your face, or the application of a moisturizer to your facial hair. Mostly the problems associated with shaving rash is due to a bad shaving technique, or using razor blades for too long periods, as well as a lack of sufficient personal hygiene. It is better to rather use a single bladed razor, instead of the twin blade or more variants that gives you a too close shave.

Shaving rash associated skin ailments should not limit your chances of a preferential and regular clean shave, but should definitely be minimized by taking the necessary precautions to avoid it.

Skin Fungus Is Contagious!

Be it Nail Fungus, Athlete's Foot, Ringworm (all Tinea) or any other type of Skin Fungus , it is, indeed contagious. Not only to people who come in contact with your, but also to animals and to other parts of you body!

This is why so many people, after contracting (they "caught" it too) toe nail fungus, so often also develop fingernail fungus. The fungus is happy to live pretty much anywhere on your body, but it greatly favors the nails, feet, and groin areas. But all this is not too make you feel like you need to be paranoid about fungus, but to help you understand how to combat it! While it can be cured with everyday household items (see link below) it is also important to know what to do while it is here. As you read this article, you will discover effective ways to manage and isolate your fungal infections.

– Cover it!

Depending on the location of the infestation, you may cover your fungi by default. But, regardless, one of the single most important thing you can do to contain it is to wear something over it. Obviously, if located on the feet or groin areas, shoes and pant / shorts are covering it. Weaving gloves or a long-sleeved shirt can help for upper locations as well.

Be careful however, that you are not "smothering" it. Certain articles of clothing are more prone to cause sweating (leather, latex, thick nylon, etc.) which will actually harm your condition. Fungi absolutely love dark, warm, moist locations … so do not give it to them! Instead, wear cotton or other breath material to reduce sweating and keep you cool. For shoes, consider wearing open-toe sandals with cotton socks to provide ventilation, but not exposure. And if you have some stinky shoes, get rid of them. They stink because they are infected with fungus.

Lastly, make sure to launder everything after it's first wear. You do not want fungus spreading through yesterday's clothes!

– Clean it!

If you do not shower every night, start now. You do not needlessly have to do cleaning every night (though I choose to now), but you should make sure to scrub warm, soapy, water all around your infected areas to reduce the grime on your skin that the fungi would like to feed on. Make SURE to dry thoroughly, since moisture is what fungi love. Baby powder may be a good idea too.

– Chill it!

Keep your house or room at less than 75 degrees at all times … preferably 72 degrees or less. Cool environments will actually cause the Skin Fungus to begin to die. Some light cases of fungi can actually be cured this way. Wear socks when indoors if your feet are infected to keep them cool and dry.

Allergy Facts You Should Know Before Trying to Treat It

Allergy is a condition wherein the body responds negatively to the presence of certain apparently harmless objects in the surroundings. An allergic reaction can occur in people when they come into contact with dust, pollen grains, certain spices or even fruits or vegetables, or when they take some drugs. Allergy is characterized in most instances by itchiness, sneezing, infection or certain areas, redness, etc. A typical example of an allergy causing product is the rubber latex.

One of the better known examples of allergy is asthma. Although all cases of asthma may not be allergic allergic, it has been noticed that nearly 60% of people who suffer from any form of allergy also have the tendency to develop asthma.

Although allergy symptoms may vary from person to person, many people suffer from inflamed eyes and nose when they have an allergy attack. Earache and headache are also seen in some people and the latter is often a response to taking a drug to which one is allergic.

The problem of constricted bronchia is commonly seen in allergy sufferers and this makes their breathing labored. Since labored breathing could result from other respiratory problems as well, it has to be first of all confirmed by tests that the problem is indeed the result of an allergy. An easy and common type of allergy test is the skin prick test which is believed to give fairly accurate results. Besides being reliable, this test is less expensive than a blood test as well.

The skin prick test consists of pricking the skin and marking it with a special type of ink. Then the possible allergen is placed on the pricked area where the pricks will allow it to enter the skin. If the individual is allergic to that object, the area will swell up and turn red and itchy within half an hour. It is a confirmation of allergy and generally a steroid cream is applied in the area to reduce the itching and swelling.

An allergy blood test is done to check the antibody content in the blood. The ELISA or EIA blood test is done to calculate the level of the antibody called immunoglobulin E, which is generally high in the case of those suffering from an allergy. The human body is likely to produce too much of these when it comes into contact with an object that it identifies as a foreign body.

Although there are no easy or foolproof treatments for allergy, many drugs like cortisone, epinephrine, and antihistamines have been found to give the patient substantial relief.

Anxiety Of Death – How to Get Rid of Phobia of Death?

Anxiety of death, also known as death phobia or necrophobia, is the most common type of phobia that scares the hell out of its victims. It is the result of the unconscious mind that acts to protect itself from possible threats. In most cases, these are past seen or witnessed events in life that have a connection to death that directed, although not always necessarily linked to serious emotional trauma. Such situations lead to an after containing emotional turmoil, potentially for the rest of any person's life, if left untreated.

Anxiety of death is normal. However, if this overpowers you, it would be best for you to steer clear from the triggers. However, you can not do this forever for the rest of your life since you will only be avoiding a predator that will inevitably consume you in time. You must learn to face it. Your unreasonable phobia of death will not go away on its own.

If you're afraid of dying through drowning, start by learning how to swim in the kid's pool. Once you get good at it, you can level up by going to a deer pool. You do not have to rush it. You can stay on the edge of the pool where you can get a grip on the railing or the concrete. With a number visits to that pool and submerging your whole body for a number of times, you should try swimming. Still, near the end of the pool where you can easily reach the concrete. After relieving yourself from too much fear, you can now try swimming short distances in the pool and gradually go for the whole length. If you're successful with this, you can go to a larger body of water.

This is just a specific example on how to control your fear of death. Aquaphobia (fear of large bodies of water) is a different form of phobia. The main point in the example is the fear of dying through drowning and not the fear of water.

Since your mind is being bullied by the anxiety of death, you should teach it to think logically. Tell it that you'll die anyways and that there's no reason for you to fear it more than anyone else does. Everything and everyone dies. And your life will be well-spent if you kill that unreasonable fear before nature and time kills you.

If it helps you to understand, read the Bible. Even if not for the reason of faith, you can still do it for intellectual purposes. It will give your fear direction and possibly give you a more acceptable view over death if you embrace its teachings.

You should also try to relax. Think of what will happen if you die. If you do die, there will no longer longer be any fears- your soul is free. You can either spend your eternity in heaven or burn in hell. If you die, it will no longer be your problem. Your death will eliminate your anxiety of death. It's as simple as that. But before you grab that rope or open that bottle of bleach, remember to enjoy your life to the fullest first. There are effective treatments available to stop phobia of death. So you can put those things down now.

In order to eliminate this problem and prevent any panic attacks that it may cause, you should put an end to the cycle before it completes itself. If you have not experienced any attacks yet, well, good for you. If you already have had attacks, stopping the cycle is the key. A program in the name of Panic Away greatly explains this technique in detail.

Shyness or a Deeper Problem? Social Anxiety Disorder

WHAT IS SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER? (aka SAD, Social Phobia)

Social Anxiety Disorder (also known as SAD or Social Phobia) is a mental illness affecting more than 15 million Americans today. This disorder usually usually manifests itself during early adolescence, and affects more women than men. Unfortunately, however, it is also currently one of the most misunderstood mental illnesses. An individual with Social Anxiety Disorder may experience intense self consciousness in social situations. They worry boundlessly that they will be rejected or judged negatively by others. They may also fear that their actions and behaviors will embarrass or assimilate them. You might consider SAD to be an extreme form of shyness. An individual suffering from Social Anxiety Disorder recognizes that their fears are irrational, but still can not seem to shake them. This disorder can negatively affect every area of ​​a person's life, as Social Phobics will often go to extreme lengths avoid situations that trigger their anxieties. Some individuals suffering from Social Anxiety Disorder can become severely isolated, having little to no personal contacts, jobs, education, etc. This can lead to a pit of depression, loneliness, and despair.

SIGNS AND SYMPOMS OF SOCIAL PHOBIA

Social Phobics often fear situations where they will be forced to interact with new people. These situations are either ended with severe anxiety, or avoided completely.

Individuals suffering from Social Phobia often fear and avoid situations in which they will be observed, or watched by someone while engaged in an activity. Often, they will feel too uncomfortable eating, drinking, or writing in the presence of other people.

Social Phobics are often intensely self conscious when it comes not only to their physical appearance, but also their actions, and behaviors around others. They may feel they are behaving in an awkward manner, or that they look nervous, or "crazy". They may avoid conversation, for fear that they will say the wrong thing, offend someone, or sound unintelligent.

A person suffering from Social Phobia will often speak using a soft, quiet voice, in short sentences, and may avoid eye contact. They may appear fidgety, or tense, and may forget to smile out of nervousness. Others however, may smile or giggle nervously. These angry behaviors, among others, may be perceived as rudeness or rejection by the other person.

Children and teenagers will often skip or perform poorly in school. A classroom is a big group of people, and intense anxiety can ensue. Kids who are quiet are often an easy target to bullies, which worsens the problem by further damaging a sufferers already fragile self esteem, and causing them to feel alone, and alienated.

These fears can lead to physical symptoms of anxiety including: trembling, muscle tension, twitches, lower jaw tension / shivering / teeth clenching, racing heart, stuttering, mind going blank, heart palpitations (sensation of heart pounding in chest), shortness of breath , dizziness, numbness or tingling in the extremities, hyperventilation, falseing, depersonalization (feeling of unreality or being disconnected from one's sense of self), fear of dying or going crazy, etc. These physical manifestations of anxiety are termed Panic Attacks.

Social Phobia can easily lead to Agoraphobia, in which a sufferer is afraid of leaving his or her house for fear of embarrassing themselves by having a panic attack in public. Someone with Agoraphobia may worry so excessively about having a panic attack in public, that they may actually have one. This may lead to extreme isolation.

Social Anxiety Disorder can also lead to profound depression. Sufferers have an estimated 40-50% lifetime coexisting depressive disorder. Loneliness, isolation, emptiness, nostalgia, alienation, and despair. A sufferer may feel that they are too socially incompetent to have friends, or that they are a terrible person that nobody could ever love. They may worry that they will never marry, or have children, or a family. They may also be unable to prepare or find the career they had always dreamed of, as job interviews, new places of employment, schools, etc. trigger intense anxiety or panic. They may question whether life is worth living, and why it is worth living. These thoughts, combined with a sense of hopelessness can lead to suicide.

TREATMENTS FOR SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER

Fortunately, Social Phobia is a highly treatable disorder. Social Phobia has a lifetime prevalence rate of approximately 13%. Early afternoon of the disorder, and coexisting substance abuse are associated with a more guarded prognosis.

There are several treatment options for Social Anxiety Disorder.

Upon visiting a doctor or psychiatrist, a sufferer may try a variety of medications before finding the one suitable for their needs. Often, a doctor or psychiatrist will start with a drug known to cause relatively few side effects to begin with, and move up to comparatively less safe options.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is the overall best treatment option for Social Phobia. CBT asserts the individual in dealing with his or her phobia as opposed to merely masking the symptoms as most medications do. CBT is associated with the greatest long term success in treatment. This form of therapy helps patients re-examine thinking patterns and beliefs that are contributing to their anxiety. Gradual exposure (Exposure Therapy) to anxiety triggering situations helps to desensitize the individual. Group therapy, as well as social skills training are often a part of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy.

Beta Blockers such as Propranolol (Inderal) may be prescribed to control the physical symptoms of anxiety, ex. shaking hands, etc. Propranolol may help immensely with physical symptoms, however, not the anxiety itself.

SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors) such as Luvox, Paxil, and Serzone are often prescribed to begin with in treating Social Phobia. They are considered to be one of the safest medication options, with fewer side effects than others. They are usually not side effect free however, and may work well for some people, but not others. They must be taken for a period of 2 weeks to a couple months before the effects are noticed. They are also known to cause potentially sever withdrawal symptoms in some people, lasting anywhere from weeks to several months after the last dose.

Tricyclic antidepressants are sometimes considered, although they are usually not as effective as SSRIs. Trycyclics such as Effexor are often used to treat severe depression.

MAOIs (Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors) are another option for the treatment of Social Anxiety Disorder. They are considered only if all other types of antidepressants have failed, due to potentially lethal dietary and drug interactions. MAOIs are particularly useful in treating atypical depression. However, one specific MAOI, Nardil, has been known to work wonders for some individuals' Social Anxiety. However, some users claim that since Nardil was reformulated in 2003, the drug is no longer as effective as the older formulation.

Benzodiazepines, particularly Klonopin, are the most effective medications for Social Anxiety. Unfortunately, due to their high potential for abuse, and the risk of potentially severly withdrawal symptoms including rebound anxiety, doctors do not often prescribe these medications. Benzodiazepines should not be taken for longer than a period of 2 weeks to avoid physical dependency.

Many of us experience shyness at some point in our lives. However, if you are experiencing significant shyness or symptoms of Social Anxiety Disorder, it is best to make an appointment with your family physician or a therapist. There are also many effective self help books available on the topic of Social Phobia, as well as other disorders such as clinical depression. Please do not wait to seek treatment, SAD is a highly treatable disorder. Finding help will vastly improve your quality of life.

What’s an LED Light Made Of?

An LED or light emitting diode is an optoelectronic device, which can emit light when it is properly biased. The early light emitting diodes used to emit a light beam of rather low intensity, but the modern ones make up for this set back by proper illumination or emission of light. The light emitted by modern LED’s are in numerous wavelengths, and hence they offer a wide range of colors for us to choose from. The main advantages of LED’s are their limited power consumption and very high efficiency. They are pretty robust, rugged and tough enough to withstand mechanical shocks given to them, they have a very quick switching response and they are very compact.

A light emitting diode is almost similar in construction to a p-n diode; the light emitting diode is made of a semi-conducting material such as silicon or germanium, which is doped with p-type and n-type impurities in order to get a p-n formation. The LED usually consists of the following parts, an epoxy lens or case to cover the semi conducting material, wire bonds, reflective cavity, semi conductor die and anvil post which is also known as the lead frame.

When a potential is applied to this device a current flows through the junction resulting due to the recombination of the holes and electrons, the recombination results in the release of energy in the form of light photons.

The production of the LED’s actually began with red and infrared devices, which contained gallium arsenide. Now many ranges of colors are available when we look for a particular type of LED. Advancements in material science and physics have lead to the manufacture of LED’s with wavelengths shorter then ever.

The light emitting diodes are built upon an n- type substrate with an electrode attached to the p- type layer deposited on the surface. Sapphire substrate is of common use in modern light emitting diodes. Most of the materials for the manufacture of light emitting diodes have a high index of refraction. Much light is reflected at the material air surface interface.

The usual red LED’s most of us have come across are made up of gallium arsenide phosphide, the orange ones can also be made up of the same material, zinc selenide is used for the manufacture of blue LED’s, in this way many chemical compounds form the raw materials for the manufacture of LED’s of different colors.

Next time you use an LED, now you know what they are made of!