Alcohol Caused This!

Alcohol caused this!

Here’s just some of the alcohol related violence and injuries I have seen so far this year in the emergency department:

* 24 Year old guy with ruptured spleen and broken back when he fell off a balcony * 15 year old girl who downed 3/4 bottle of vodka – intubated / ventilated & went to intensive care * 24 year old severe facial lacs from ‘glassing’ injuries to face * Aspiration pneumonia from inhaling own vomit – intensive care * broken legs / arms / knee’s / back’s / ankles / necks from alcohol related fights, car crashes, falls etc * women victims of domestic violence * many many head injuries, neck injuries, lacerations to faces / heads / hands & arms, knife wounds, fractured skulls, broken noses… * the list goes on…

So, why does this continue to happen every day of the week?

“It’s those youngsters and their binge drinking….!”

– not true, how bout the all too common 30 year old mother who drinks 1-2 bottles wine most days?

Tonight for instance, I saw a 44 year old man with abdo pain (and alcohol issues) who was slurring and staggering, and then proceeded to wet his pants & yell at the emergency staff – delightful.

How about the 62 year old man vomiting red wine all over himself? Or a 16 year old girl so intoxicated that jamming a thumb and forefinger into her trapezius muscle elicits no response at all.

I’ve been yelled at so many times to “get this stupid thing off me, you &$^$%!!!” (drunk person wanting the hard collar removed – possibly the only thing keeping their broken neck stable). Often drunk people can’t control any bodily functions, and think that its ok to pee, use their bowels, and vomit all over the place…

Are these just extreme examples of people who can’t handle their liquor? Hardly…

Are you someone who drinks too much? Have you had family members / friends or people you know with alcohol issues? When have you had enough to drink? Making responsible drinking choices not only benefits you and your health, but it also sets a good example for your friends, your partner, your kids.

Think it’s too late to change your ways? Not so. Drinking alcohol in moderation is not the problem – it’s excessive drinking and poor choices that leads to all kinds of disasters.

From the Drug and Alcohol Services site (www.dassa.sa.gov.au):

Intoxication is the most common cause of alcohol-related problems, leading to injuries and premature deaths. Alcohol is responsible for:

* 30% of road accidents * 44% of fire injuries * 34% of falls and drownings * 16% of child abuse cases * 12% of suicides * 10% of industrial accidents

As well as deaths, short-term effects of alcohol result in illness and loss of work productivity (e.g. hangovers, drink driving offenses). In addition, alcohol contributes to criminal behaviour – in Australia over 70% of prisoners convicted of violent assaults have drunk alcohol before committing the offense and more than 40% of domestic violence incidents involve alcohol.

From a health point of view, long-term excessive alcohol consumption is associated with:

* heart damage * high blood pressure and stroke * liver damage * cancers of the digestive system * other digestive system disorders (e.g. stomach ulcers) * impotence and reduced fertility * increasing risk of breast cancer * sleeping difficulties * brain damage with mood and personality changes * concentration and memory problems

In addition to health problems, alcohol can negatively impact your finances, work situations and relationships. Judgment becomes impaired, reactions slow down, co-ordination decreases and inhibitions diminish.

What do I do now?

Think about the effects of alcohol on your own life. Do you need to make some adjustments? Do you need to speak up and say something to your family or friends about their drinking issues? Don’t become one of the statistics.

– Article posted in Life Choices

Will it change you?

COLD WARS: Don’t Let The Common Cold Take You Prisoner

Elliot Dick and Jack Gwaltney are old soldiers in the cold wars. For more than 30 years, the pair of American researchers has subjected hundreds of volunteers to colds to find out how the viruses do their dirty work. Indeed, it was Dick who, decades ago, helped invent “killer Kleenex” – tissues impregnated with chemicals that proved impervious to cold viruses but less successful in the marketplace. And Gwaltney once went so far as to record the number of times Sunday school teachers and medical students pick their noses – as part of an experiment looking into how cold viruses are transmitted.

What can they and other researchers tell you about how best to defend yourself against a cold? And if a cold virus does penetrate your defenses, what are the best ways to keep the ensuing sore throat, clogged nose, watering eyes, sneezes, coughs, and general misery milder and shorter than the usual week or so? Here’s the latest report from the cold front.

What’s the best thing I can do to escape a cold?

Keep your nose clean – figuratively speaking, that is. If you can stop a rhinovirus from docking high up inside your nose – in the nasopharynx, where nose meets mouth – there’s no way it can make you sick. “No question,” says Gwaltney. “It’s that specific.” Since a cold virus can get there only by touch or through the air, here’s what to do:

Keep your hand away from your nose and eyes. Scratching your nose or rubbing your eyes won’t put a cold virus directly into the nasopharynx, of course. But a virus deposited at the base of the nose or in the eye can easily be inhaled higher up into the nose or drain into the nasopharynx through the tear ducts. According to Gwaltney’s own study, most people’s hands wander up to their noses or eyes at least once every three hours. Train yourself to do better, and you’ll cut down dramatically on the number of colds you catch.

Wash your hands often. Within reason, of course. You can’t wash them every five minutes, for heaven’s sake. But when you’re around other people with colds, think like Lady Macbeth. Wash at every opportunity, preferably with an anti-bacterial soap.

Move away from people who are coughing and sneezing. And if you’re the one with the cold, carefully cover your own coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues – not cloth hand-kerchiefs, which act like virus motels when they’re moist with mucus. Dick has found that keeping virus-bearing droplets from flying around goes a long way in preventing a cold from spreading. “We’ve tested a lot of couples, and we didn’t get any transmission when they were being careful,” he says.

Should I take vitamin C and other supplements?

Probably. There’s no direct evidence that vitamin C can prevent cold, but several well-controlled studies have demonstrated that it can markedly lessen both the symptoms and duration of a cold. Dick’s studies show that taking one 500-milligram tablet, four times a day, is all you’ll need.

Can my toothbrush reinfect me?

It’s not likely, for a couple of reasons. First, a rhinovirus, the most common cold virus, has to get into your nose, and what won’t happen with a toothbrush unless you have an extremely wild way of using it. Other kinds of viruses, such as enteroviruses, which live in your gut, do cause a few colds, but so few that they’re no reason to soak a toothbrush in rubbing alcohol or disinfectant. Second, once you’re infected with a cold, you produce antibodies to the virus that caused it. That gives you a grace period of at least a few weeks – maybe much longer – of resistance to that particular virus.

How risky is it to be around people with colds?

A lot less risky than you might think. Cold viruses, studies show, have to attack in overwhelming numbers to get past the hairs, mucus layers, and other mechanical barriers built into the human nose. “Twenty minutes in a doctor’s office or on a bus ride to work shouldn’t pose any great threat,” Dick says, “unless you’re near somebody with a really bad cough that puts out a lot of droplets.” Even a couple of hours at the movies is pretty safe, he says, assuming you stay three or four seats away from anyone who’s not covering up and you wash your hands before putting them near your eyes or nose.

Spending all day in an office building filled with sneezers or a couple of hours or more in an airplane is another matter. In an airplane, especially, recirculated air in a pressurized cabin distributes viruses among all the passengers and dries out mucus membranes that normally, when moist, would trap invaders and dispose of them. For that reason, one of the best things you can do is drink a lot of water.

And kissing is off limits – right?

Wrong, all wrong, says Dick. A kiss is hardly more likely to transmit a cold than is sitting in a draft, he says. As chief of the Respiratory Virus Research laboratory at the University of Wisconsin, Dick once blind-folded 13 pairs of volunteers and walked them into a sterile room. One person in each pair had been infected with a particular cold virus; the other person had neither the cold nor antibodies that might be present from an earlier exposure to defend against it. While his team of researchers watched, each pair kissed for a minute to a minute and a half. “Being blind-folded, I think, let them really put their hearts into it,” he says. Just one of the 13 smoochers caught a cold.

Getting any more passionate, however, could put you at risk. Jack Gwaltney, chief of epidemiology and virology at the University of Virginia medical school, points out that some kisses involve touching with the hands. If your hand picks up a virus and then comes in contact with your eyes or nose, he says, you might wake up a few days later with the sniffles and blame the kiss, unfairly, for the cold.

What if I catch a cold anyway? What should I do?

For starters, get as much sleep as you can to keep your immune system humming. And drink plenty of liquids – especially water – to loosen mucus and carry away the debris of infection. Beyond those basics, it’s usually best to attack symptoms individually. Here’s how:

Try decongestant drops or spray for a stuffy nose. Unlike pills, they put medication right where you need it. When you’re aiming at your nose, why run a drug through your stomach? Decongestants are a good bet for the worst night or two, when stuffiness ruins your sleep. But don’t use them more than three nights in a row, because rebound swelling can stop you up all over again.

Give antihistamines a try. Until recently, experts warned that histamines – chemicals released in allergic reactions – have little to do with cold symptoms. That advice was based partly on Gwaltney’s own reports that he detected no histamine in nasal secretions. “However, science marches on,” he says. In a more recent study, not yet published, he finds that for people with rhinovirus colds, antihistamines reduced sneezing by about 50 per cent and runny noses by about 30 per cent.

Stop a cough with codeine or an over-the-counter suppressant containing either dextromethorphan or diphenhydramine chloride. All the drugs work by soothing the brain’s cough centre. Gwaltney has also reported success with naproxen, a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug. He speculates that it works by interfering with prostaglandins, hormone-like substances that trigger inflammation and coughs. Ibuprofen, another anti-inflammatory found inn pain-killer pills, also reduces coughing. Use these drugs in the minimum over-the-counter doses.

For a sore throat, try gargling with a teaspoon of salt dissolved in a glass of warm water. The salt-water won’t kill viruses or bacteria, but it will reduce inflammation and take the edge off the pain. Gargling also helps wash away irritating secretions left by post-nasal drip.

How can I be sure I have a cold and not an allergy or the flu?

It’s a matter of degree. A cold usually comes on gradually, with a vague out-of-sorts feeling. Then, in a day or so, you’ll typically notice a slight sore throat, followed by a symphony of problems in your nose, throat, and chest. If you feel chills or aches, they’ll be slight, and your fever, if any, probably won’t top 100°.

An allergy can mimic a cold, but it’s much less likely to cause a fever, and it is never accompanied by aches and pains. If your eyes and nose itch like crazy, suspect an allergy.

Influenza strikes fast, with fever, aches – mainly in the back muscles – sore throat, and a dry cough worse than you get with most colds. The fever usually hits the 101° to 102° range, and it sometimes flames as high as 104°, often so quickly that you’ll recall the exact hour it began. Other symptoms may include runny nose, headache, eye pain, and sensitivity to light, as well as diarrhoea and vomiting. Even if you’re the type of person who goes about your business with a cold, you’ll probably find that impossible with the flu.

Will chicken soup help?

It appears so. Irwin Ziment, a pulmonary specialist at the University of California at Los Angeles, points out that chicken, like most protein foods, contains natural amino-acid called cysteine, which is released when you make the soup. “Cystine bears a remarkable chemical similarly to a drug called acetylcysteine, which doctors prescribe for their parents with bronchitis and respiratory infections,” he says. Acetylcysteine, which originally was made from chicken feathers and skin, thins out mucus in the lungs and make it easier to expel, he says. Ziment advises his patients to make their soup as hot, spicy, and garlicky as they can stand. Pepper, hot curry powder, and other spices release a wave of watery fluids in the mouth, throat and lungs, thinning out mucus.

When is cold most infectious?

For the first three days, from the time the first symptom appears. “You start sending a lot of viruses into the outside world when your nose is running and you’re coughing and sneezing,” Gwaltney says. During those three days, your body’s defenses are working to knock down the number of viruses, and by the fourth day, you pose less danger to people around you.

How long should I expect my cold to last?

It depends. Most people are completely over a cold’s symptoms within 10 days. But the illness can last anywhere from three days for a lucky few to several weeks.

If yours hasn’t improved after 10 days or seems worse, call a doctor. Call sooner if you notice facial swelling or super-sensitive molars – signs of bacterial infection in the sinuses or middle ear. You can attack that, unlike, the original viral infection, with antibiotics. You don’t always have to – such infections often clear up by themselves – but you should, for two reasons: to get rid of pain and debilitation and to reduce the risk of the cold’s turning into a sinus infection that might last months or years.

What else should I do?

Stay cheerful. Watch funny video movies. Call a friend you haven’t talked to in years. Visualize viruses keeling over and dying. Remind yourself, aloud if necessary, that this illness is no big deal.

You’re not just whistling in the dark when you do all that. You’re helping your immune system shorten the cold. Sheldon Cohen, a researcher at Carnegie Mellon University in Pittsburgh, found that the more positive a person’s attitude – measured by responses to questions about stress from volunteers at the Common Cold Research Unit in England – the less his or her chances of catching a cold in the first place, and the less severe the symptoms if a cold did appear.

Look on the bright side, in short, and you’ll improve your chances of avoiding a cold or, if you run out of luck, at least getting over it fast.

How to Protect Your Children From Lead Poisoning

Parents should be concerned about protecting their children from exposure to lead. “The reason for concern is there is no good level of lead in the body,” says Robert J. Geller, medical director of Georgia’s Poison Center.

Children’s Toys and Lead Paint

Most often, the lead danger present in toys comes from their paint. Ironically, although lead-based paint was banned from residential use by the U.S. Consumer Products Safety Commission (CPSC) in 1978, many children’s toys, particularly those made in China, are found to contain levels of lead in excess of that allowed.

Lead in paint resists moisture, increases durability, speeds drying, and allows the pain to retain a fresh appearance, factors which presumably account for its persisted use despite its known toxicity. Parents can help keep their children safe by regularly checking recall lists to see if their households have any hazardous toys. A comprehensive, month-by-month list is available through CPSC’s Product Safety and Recall News.

Symptoms of Lead Poisoning in Children

Children are particularly susceptible to the effects of lead poisoning, which involves the accumulation of lead in their bodies over time. Although mere contact with items containing lead does not in itself pose a threat, when children put toys with lead paint in their mouths (which young children are apt to do), lead lodges in their developing nervous systems, poisoning tissues and enzymes. And even a small amount of lead is enough to cause harm in young children.

Frighteningly, signs and symptoms of lead poisoning are often non-specific (they could be attributed to any number of typical childhood ailments) and are not apparent until lead levels have reached dangerous proportions. Symptoms of lead poisoning in children include weight loss, sluggishness, abdominal cramps, vomiting, loss of appetite, paleness, and constipation. Eventually, lead poisoning can lead to learning difficulties and even lowered intelligence.

Children younger than six are even more vulnerable. Attention deficit disorders, behavioral problems, stunted growth, hearing loss, kidney damage, and learning disabilities can result from even very low levels of exposure; high levels of exposure can cause mental retardation, comas, and even death.

Lead Dust & Other Sources of Lead Poisoning

Toys are not the only culprits of lead poisoning. Lead plumbing, lead-contaminated dirt, leaded crystal decanters, and painted ceramic dishware are also sources of the toxin. However, lead-based paint in older homes is the greatest cause for worry.

According to the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, about 38 million American homes still contain lead paint. Twenty-four million of these have lead paint that is in the most potentially harmful condition – deterioration. Paint chips ingested by children, or lead paint on places that children could chew, such as window sills, are one source of danger. But more sinister is the lead dust that threatens not only children, but adults as well.

Lead makes its way into the body not only through the stomach but also through the lungs, and inhaled lead is just as dangerous as ingested lead. Lead poisoning through lead dust is typically the cause of toxicity in adults, although much greater levels of exposure are necessary to produce adverse effects in adults as compared to children.

Symptoms of lead poisoning in adults include headache; abdominal pain; memory loss; mood disorders; pain, numbness, or tingling of the extremities; muscular weakness; and reproductive harm. Pregnant women are especially at risk: pregnancy releases lead that has accumulated in the mother’s body into her bloodstream and can expose the fetus to lead as well.

Lead Paint in the Home

The only way to find out if your home’s paint contains lead (and if was built before 1978, it probably does) is to test for it. If it does, the next step is to take the proper precautions in order to keep your household safe.

First, check the paint for any damage such as peeling, chipping, chalking, or cracking. Damaged paint creates lead dust, which contaminates the air quality of your home. Actions such as opening and closing a window or door that has lead paint, or even just the normal wear and tear on banisters or railings produces lead dust. Regular vacuuming with a vacuum cleaner equipped with a HEPA filter will trap lead particles.

It’s actually quite important to repair damaged surfaces; simply painting over them is not a permanent solution. Steps should be taken to replace the paint with safer materials.

Keep in mind that improperly removed lead spreads even more lead dust around the house and poses a greater hazard to your family. This danger is particularly relevant when remodeling or renovating a home containing lead-based paint.

In order to minimize the amount of lead dust and fumes, do not use a propane torch, heat gun, dry scraper, dry sandpaper, or a belt-sander. If possible, move your family to another location for the duration of the renovation; if this is impossible, make sure that the work area is sealed off. While work is in progress, anyone who enters the work area should be sure to wear a mask in order to keep from inhaling lead dust.

To prepare for your family’s return to the newly renovated living space, clean surfaces that may be contaminated by lead dust, making sure to wear a mask. Wash any items, especially toys such as stuffed animals, that may have come into contact with the dust. Using a HEPA air purifier is also a good idea, both during renovation and after, as it will capture lead particles and reduce your family’s risk of lead poisoning by inhalation.

In addition to these precautions during periods of reconstruction, the following routine measures can be taken to protect your family from lead poisoning:

– Check a toy recall list regularly, and also check your children’s toys to make sure none of them are on recall lists.

– Maintain a clean environment in your home by wiping floors, window frames and sills, and other surfaces on a weekly basis.

– Vacuum with a HEPA filter vacuum cleaner to trap lead dust particles that come either from paint or from contaminated soil that’s tracked inside. HEPA air purifiers also eliminate lead dust as well as other toxic substances.

– Wash children’s hands often, especially before they eat and prior to naptime or bedtime.

– Wash children’s toys, stuffed animals, bottles, pacifiers, and other toys regularly.

– Don’t allow children to chew on window sills, railings, or other painted surfaces.

– Finally, ensure that your children eat nutritious meals that are high in iron and calcium. Children with such diets absorb less lead.

Tools Used in Ancient Rome

For twelve centuries, the Roman Empire stood as the greatest civilizations in history. Spanning from Rome, Italy across Europe and parts of Asia Minor, the Roman Empire saw both glory and suffering. Great wars were fought in the name of Rome and entire civilizations were conquered to ensure the glory of Rome stood unquestioned. However, the Romans techniques in battle and warfare were not what made Rome great. The tools that they used to build their empire, both for battle and for architecture, ventured paths in history that will never be forgot. Their keen use of metals such as bronze and Iron, and even steel, were unrivaled. It is fitting that today’s world still uses most of the tools designed and perfected by this ancient civilization, though, in some cases you would hardly recognize them as ancient Roman tools.

Today’s medical achievements owe their existence to ancient Roman tools. It was Rome and Greece that open the world to “modern” medicine, as well as surgery. Our surgeons and doctors still use most of the same ideas, teachings, philosophies and tools as the ancient Romans. The scalpel is one of the greatest surgical tools ever created by an ancient civilization. It was comprised, typically, of bronze or iron and mostly came in two sizes. The larger of these were commonly used for long, or deep incisions, while the shorter scalpel was used for more fine detail surgeries. The ancient Romans were also responsible for bone hooks, which were used for several purposes. The blunted hooks were used as probes to assist with dissections, as well as raising blood vessels. The sharp hooks were typically used for holding or lifting small flaps of tissue to be extracted, as well as retracting the edges of most injuries.

Also in surgery, the ancient Roman tools included bone forceps for extracting fragments of bone from wounds, especially to the skull. Bone Levers were invented for use in levering bones into place that had been fractured, as well as removing teeth. It was the ancient Romans, especially the doctor Soranus, the first gynecologist and obstetrician, that had created the vaginal speculum, as well. However, their additions to the tools of today are not only medical. They also designed incredible tools for metal crafting.

The ancient Romans were the first to perfect cast metal and used that perfection to create the first cast metal hammer head. This tool was then used for more complicated metal forging, like weapons and armor. They also created the lathe, using a lathing rod that was shaped from stone. It was turned using a system of gears and ropes that was powered using a treadle press. They also created the most efficient drilling system. The Romans also used tools to pull wire that consisted of stone grates used to pull nearly-molten metal into wire. However, the ancient Roman tools were also designed for versatility, like the scythe. In fact, the scythe was the first consumer item that was produced from cast metal. It was cast from bronze, then iron, and again from black steel. Other ancient Roman tools included the navigational tool called a sextant, as well as counterweights used for sailing that made it more simple to raise and lower the sails of their ships.

Despite these magnificent additions to the world, the ancient Roman tool makers guarded the secrets of their craft and, when the Roman Empire fell, many of their tool designs disappeared along with them, leading into the era known as the Dark Ages. Since then, though, we have rebuilt the tools that helped build the glory of Rome, redesigning them to fit our modern times, and perfecting them. However, the shadows of the ancient designs are still there.

Target Specific Heart Health Risks

Heart Protection Nutritional Supplement Guide:

Following a heart-healthy diet can do a lot to reduce risk, but for many people, it's not enough. Heart-protecting drugs usually come with troublesome side effects, such as fatigue and the possibility of liver disease. For some risk factors, like homocysteine ​​and low-density lipoprotein prescriptive drugs are not available.

HEART HEALTH FACTORS TO BE AWARE OF:

I. Total Cholesterol: Desirable cholesterol is below 200; Borderline high is between 200 and 239; High is 240 and above.

Beneficial Nutritional Supplements:

Plant sterols. Beta-sitosterol and other plant sterols have a chemical structure similar to that of cholesterol, which enables them to reduce the absorption of cholesterol from the intestine. Several studies have found that plant sterols can lower cholesterol levels by an average of 6 to 8 percent. Take sterols supplements 2 to 3 times a day, products labeled plant sterols, phytosterols, or beta-sitosterol.

Niacin: This form of vitamin B-3 has been known since the 1950's to reduce cholesterol levels. Approved by the Food and Drug Administration for lower cholesterol, it is sold both by prescription and over the counter. As effective as niacin is, it triggers the release of histamine, which often will turn the skin beet red and tingly for about an hour. If you keep taking niacin, the intense flushing episodes should always ease. Start at 100 mg. Once or twice a day and work up to 500 to 1,000 mg. Three times a day.

Coenzyme Q10: People who must take statin drugs should also take 100 to 200 mg. Of CoQ10 a day because statins can depletes the body's natural supply.

Low-density lipoprotein (LDL) Cholesterol: Small, dense LDL globules are far more likely to cause blood clots than are larger, less-dense ones. And when a person's antioxidant intake is low, LDL oxidation increases, which appears to be a key step in the development of heart disease. If total LDL is high, it may be wise to have an additional blood test to find out which type predominates.

Beneficial Nutritional Supplements: Plant sterols can lower LDL levels by an impressive 8 to 14 percent. Take sterols supplements 2 to 3 times a day, products labeled plant sterols, phytosterols, or beta-sitosterol.

Vitamin E: Will not lower LDL, but will curb its tendency to promote heart disease. Contrary to common thinking, LDL is not entirely bad – it's needed to transport fat-soluble nutrients, such as vitamin E and coenzyme Q10, through the bloodstream. Vitamin E and other fat soluble antioxidants prevent LDL oxidation. Take 400 to 800 IU of natural-source vitamin E.

Dietary Options: To lower LDL, reduce your intake of saturated fat (in fatty meats and dairy products) and avoid processed foods containing trans fats such as most shortenings, partially hydrogenated oils, and most cookies and crackers on the market.

High-Density Lipoprotein (HDL) Cholesterol: HDL is generally considered the "good" form of cholesterol, mainly because it helps transport the LDL or bad cholesterol to the liver where the LDL is then processed for excretion. The higher your HDL levels, the lower your risk of heart disease.

Ideal HDL levels are 55 mg./dL or higher for women and 45 mg / dL or higher for men.

Beneficial Nutritional Supplements:

L-carnitine: A component of protein, is highly recommended.

Fish Oil "Omega 3" Supplements: Contain eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) – both essential fatty fats that boost HDL. They're also potent blood thinners so they prevent clotting, and they help to regulate heart rhythm.

Niacin: A form of vitamin B-3, will raise HDL levels. You may experience an intense one-hour flushing sensation after your take it. Aim for 500 to 1,000 mg. Three times daily.

Dietary Options: To boost HDL, do not skimp too much on fats, particularly heart-healthy fish oils and olive oil. Low-fat diets, long recommended to reduce the risk of heart disease, actually lower HDL levels. Cut back on refined carbs, which can decrease HDL.

Triglycerides: Triglycerides actually account for most fat found in the blood and in body fat. A higher ratio of triglycerides to HDL has been associated with a significant increase in heart attack risk.

Anything under 150 mg./dL is considered normal. Aim for 100 mg. Or less. Levels of 150 to 199 mg. Are borderline high, and 200 mg. And above are considered high.

Beneficial Nutritional Supplements:

Fish Oil Supplements: Can lead to impressive reductions in triglyceride levels. In some studies, plant sterols have also been shown to reduce triglycerides.

Dietary Options: Triglyceride levels are directly related to the quantity of refined carbohydrates you eat, so reduce your intake of table sugar, white bread, cookies and other sweets, refined pasta, and bagels, and focus instead on whole grains.

Homocysteine: Homocysteine ​​is typically a short-lived byproduct of protein metabolism – it's only when levels become elevated that they cause trouble. If you eat lots of veggies, particularly those that contain folic acid such as spinach, romaine lettuce, and other greens, there's a good chance your homocysteine ​​is at healthy levels.

The American Heart Association monitors normal levels to be from 5 to 15 micromoles per liter of blood. Ideal levels are under 7.

Beneficial Nutritional Supplements:

Three B Vitamins are particularly helpful in breaking down homocysteine: folic acid (1,000 to 5,000 mcg daily), vitamin B-6 (25 to 50 mg daily), and vitamin B-12 (2,000 mcg daily.)

Dietary Options: Load up on leafy greens: spinach, romaine lettuce.

V. Glucose Tolerance

Beneficial Nutritional Supplements: Many supplements can help lower and stabilize glucose and insulin levels, but if you already take glucose-regulating drugs, be sure to work with your physician to adjust their dosage.

Alpha-Lipoic Acid: An antioxidant, is widely used in Germany to treat peripheral neuropathy, a nerve disease caused by diabetes. Studies have found that it can lower both glucose and insulin levels. Take 100 to 300 mg. Daily.

Chromium Picolinate: An essential mineral, has been shown to lower glucose and cholesterol levels. Take 400 to 1,000 mcg. Daily.

Cinnamon: Can lower fasting glucose, total cholesterol, and triglyceride levels.

Ginseng Supplements: 1 to 3 grams of American ginseng (Panax quinqufolius L.) significantly reduced the rise in blood sugar.

Silymarin: The antioxidant-rich extract of milk thistle, is well known for increasing liver activity. Italian researchers found that 600 mg. Of silymarin daily reduced several key measures of glucose tolerance, including fast glucose and insulin, over the course of a year.

How to Shot Put

Recently, John Smith, one of the premier shot put coaches in the world, asked the question, “What is the most important key to throwing the shot far?” Many coaches thought they knew the answer, but everybody failed to realize the simplest and most important aspect of good shot putting is to “KEEP THE BALL MOVING!” Everything the athlete does throughout the throw, must keep the shot moving. No matter what technical philosophy you subscribe to, this is THE NUMBER ONE GOAL!

Currently there are two main categories of technique that are widely practiced in the shot, the rotation or spin, and the glide. Each of these categories can be further divided into multiple subcategories based on technical philosophy. Mike Young, the US Shot Put Biomechanist, divides the rotational technique into four subcategories: the “linear spin,” “rotational spin,” “wrapped spin” and the “cartwheel spin.” The glide is divided into the “short-long glide” and the “long-short glide.” In this article, I am going to focus on the short-long glide technique, due to the fact that it is the most common technique for beginning shot putters to learn.

The shot put is an explosive event. In being so, the athlete must first have a good understanding of the power position above all else. Without a proper understanding of the power position and execution of the stand throw, any other technique development is of little value. The power position consists of the following aspects:

• Grip

• Heel-Toe Relationship

• Axis from head to heel

• Sternum over knee

• Shot behind foot

The stand throw is initiated by pushing the back heel out and turning the hip completely into the direction of the throw. Upon triple extension (ankle, knee, hip) the athlete strikes the ball out over the toeboard fully extending the throwing arm. The left side should block any further rotation, so that the athlete can see the shot land, while the throwing shoulder remains over the toeboard. The athlete should NOT be taught to reverse initially, as this should be a natural byproduct of the athlete becoming more explosive off the back leg. It is often easier for athletes to learn the stand throw by rocking into it, creating a “teeter totter” motion. One of the primary differences between the long-short and short-long glides is when the left foot lands at the front of the circle. In the long-short glide, the athlete strives to land both feet simultaneously. In the short-long glide, the left foot lands after the right, creating a more natural throwing motion. An especially helpful cue for most athletes is to remind them to stay on the outside of the power foot while turning it. This will allow the foot to turn completely into the throw.

After there is a basic understanding of the power position and stand throw, it is time to move to the back of the circle and begin to learn the glide. There are many different drills and cues to use to teach athletes to glide into a proper power position, but no matter how a coach goes about teaching the glide, there are fundamental points and positions that must be achieved.

There are two different approaches to the beginning of the glide, the static start, and the dynamic start. Most athletes will begin with the static start and advance to the dynamic start as they become more comfortable with the technique. In the static start, the athlete begins in a T-position or crouch. In this position the right-handed athlete should display the following characteristics:

• Right foot on centerline of circle

• Shoulders are square to the back of the circle – directly opposite the toeboard

• Left thumb is turned down

• Left knee stays behind right

• Legs never cross

• Shoulders do not fall below hip line

In the dynamic start, the athlete usually begins on the toes and quickly sinks down into the crouch position. To begin the movement across the circle, the athlete should push the right knee down over the toes, while allowing the hips to sink down and back. As the hips begin to “fall” the athlete aggressively pushes off the toes of the right foot, rolling back onto the right heel. The left leg strikes straight and low into the base of the toeboard, while the left arm and upper body remain behind the hip axis. The right knee is aggressively pulled under the upper body, striving to pull the knee under the left elbow. By pulling the knee under, the foot should naturally turn and land between 45 and 90 degrees in the middle of the circle. When the left foot lands, the athlete turns and lifts to deliver the shot into the direction of the throw. Key points to look for in the middle of the circle include:

• Chin stays even with sternum

• Shot put is 5-8 inches behind a turned right foot at left foot touchdown

• Right knee and hip get turned completely into the direction of the throw

• Upper body remains passive with long left arm until hips face 180 degrees

• Hip should drive to the toeboard

• Athlete sees the shot leave

• Right shoulder finishes over toeboard

• If athlete reverses, eyes finish at 270 degrees

This is a basic synopsis of the fundamental concepts involved in the short-long glide technique. Using this approach to teaching the glide should allow the coach to develop a consistent technical philosophy that will maximize the talent level of the throwers involved in the program.

References

1. Balke, Norm. Shot Put Shenanigans. The Long and Strong Throwers Journal. Vol. 5, Iss. 3, Jan. 2003.

2. Sylvester, Jay. The Complete Book of Throws. Human Kinetics Publishers. Champaign, IL. 2003.

3. Young, Mike. Rotational Shot Biomechanics. National Throws Coaches Association. 2006 annual convention video series. Vol. 2, Disc 3.

General Information About Ulcer

Peptic ulcer is a very common disease across the world affecting a lot of people. Modern scientists have started to make serious brake troughs in understanding and fighting this disease. because of this we now have the ability to use numerous treatments against ulcer, treating it and even curing it.

It is a well known fact that in order to process our food the stomach produces variable amounts and concentrations of gastric acid. The acids are responsible for the breaking down the food before entering the next stage of the digestion: the small intestine. In order to protect the flesh from this acids , the stomach covers its self in a thick mucous layer.

The ulcer is an actual open wound in the lining of the stomach. Because the mucous layer has been punched through the acid and pepsin have reached the wall of the stomach and have literally started to digest it. We have two types of ulcer with whom to deal with: gastric ulcer which appears in the stomach, and duodenal ulcer that affects the first portion of the small intestine, just beyond the stomach.

Because the lining of mucous of the stomach is gradually destroyed, the gastric acid starts to actually dissolve the wall. This was believed to be the main cause of the appearance of the disease. Recent studies have actually shown that the factor causing the infection is a bacteria called helicobacter pylori.

Scientists have discovered that this bacteria causes the majority of peptic ulcers, which are quite different from those caused by medication like aspirin and arthritis drugs. The bacteria actually has the shape of a spiral and acts on the human body by infecting the protective mucous layer lining the wall of the stomach. The result is that the wall will eventually swell causing the gastritis and the burning pain. The body has an effective way of dealing will the virus actually creating an anti virus to fight it. It is considered that the virus is probably ingested by eating contaminated food or water. The actual ulcer develops after the bacteria has infected and started destroying the mucous layer.

In the other case arthritis medication and aspirin damage the mucous roughly in the same way, determining afterwards the development of ulcer. Moderate usage of the drugs is indicated if the ulcer is to be avoided.

The general and most common of the symptoms is growing pain in the stomach area. They usually appear after the levels of acid have grown and started affecting the wall of the stomach. The pain can be very severe sometimes. Others may feel extreme hunger or even feel bloated. If bleeding occurs in the stomach than the ulcer has reached critical levels and a surgery is needed.

More information about ulcer Symptoms or about Peptic ulcer can be found on this website http://www.ulcer-center.com/

A Little Known Fact To Cardiac Asthma

Nowadays, this medical term is not so famous any. Cardiac asthma is very less used these days. People in earlier times mistook this disease and its relevance with pulmonary edema or fluid in the lungs and only in the later years it became clear that a cardiac asthma can occur even without having that fluid in the lungs.

What Is Actually Cardiac Asthma?

Cardiac asthma, in many situations, is a clinical condition brought about by severe reflexive blocking and may be by edema of the lungs. It is an asthmatic-type breathing caused by sudden blockage of the pulmonary circulation.

Both cardiac asthma and pulmonary edema are symptoms of coming heart failure. Both situations are related and have similar consequences. They usually work one after another.

It is a life-threatening condition and you should seek medical advice immediately if you see or experience any symptoms.

What Are The Internal Complications and Problems

This illness is normally due to a major mechanical fault of the heart and may pose to be life threatening rapidly. It usually occurs when the left part of the heart has a disproportion between its work load and work capacity suddenly, this causing additional stress to the heart.

This inconsistency leads to many disorders, one of which is this cardiac asthma.
With this asthma, the reduced pumping effectiveness of the heart leads to a build up of the fluid in the lungs.

This build up of the fluid causes the air passages to narrow up and eventually cause wheezing and other symptoms.

What Are The External Complications and Symptoms

The perception of many people is wrong. Many people think that cardiac asthma is the same as to various other primary diseases of the lungs which cause wheezing or panting.

Cardiac asthma highly misunderstood, it has ways of clinical tests, for better understanding of the patients and their families.

Symptoms of Cardiac Asthma

The easiest way to distinguish cardiac asthma from other types of asthmas is through the symptoms. Some of the main symptoms are shortness of breath with or without wheezing, increased rapid and shallow breathing, increased blood pressure and heart rate, and a feeling of uneasiness.

Other than that, in certain cases, cardiac asthma causes people to wake up breathless a few hours after sleeping, and have to sit upright to properly breathe again. This is due to lying down too long. When people with this disease do so, the fluid would accumulate in the lungs and lead to shortness of breath.

Not stopping there, this disease also causes swollen ankles which worsen rapidly.
These symptoms are very important to distinguish this disease from others and give the proper medications and treatments, which are mainly focused on controlling the night coughs, control of the edema, control of inflow load and the amount of residual blood in the left ventricle, and so on.

Even though you may know what is cardiac asthma, what causes it, what causes it internally and externally, what are the symptoms. However, will all these information will of no use to no action is being taken. Having the knowledge is not power, applying the knowledge is true power to free yourself the agony of having asthma again. You should never add to, or alter any component of your current asthma treatment without first consulting your physician.

However, many asthmatics sometimes tend to forget that even though they may know a little of cardiac asthma, but this is not adequate, they should be be conscious and aware that in order to have an asthma-free lifestyle, a proper and yet effective asthma recovery system is necessary. Even without a proper asthma management system, there will not be much asthma free lifestyle to hope for.

Applying the knowledge of knowing what is cardiac asthma together with an effective system – enjoy your life once again.

Diabetes Statistics – Reliable Numbers

The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) is an umbrella organization of over 200 national diabetes associations in over 160 countries. Beside promoting diabetes care and prevention, the IDF tracks statistics on diabetes and diabetics on a worldwide basis.

The Federation publishes the Diabetes Atlas , a collection of statistics and comments on diabetes which is issued from time-to-time. The Atlas is based on data supplied by its members. As these are national associations, the facts and figures published by the IDF are considered quite reliable.

According to the 6th edition of the IDF Diabetes Atlas , which was published in 2013, the total population of the world is 7.2 billion. This is expected to have risen to 8.7 billion by 2035, ie in 22 years time.

This total population includes 4.6 billion adults and these has been projected to reach 5.9 billion by 2035. The IDF defines an adult as a person aged 20-79 years, the most likely age range for the development of type 2 diabetes.

According to the Diabetes Atlas , 382 million people around the world or 8.3% of all 4.6 million adults (20-79 years) are estimated to be suffering from diabetes. Almost half of all adults with diabetes are aged 40-59 years, the age range during which people are at their most productive phase in life.

The number of people with type 2 diabetes is increasing in every country. If current trends continue, the IDF expects that there will be more than 592 million diabetics by 2035, a rise of 55%, when one adult in ten will be diabetic.

Undiagnosed diabetes

Type 2 diabetes may be undiagnosed for several reasons. There are few symptoms in the early years of the disease. In addition, the complications vary so broadly that, even when symptoms do exist, diabetes may not be recognized as the cause.

The IDF figure for 382 million diabetics in 2013 includes 175 million who are undiagnosed. I must admit I was astounded when I first read that 46% of diabetics are undiagnosed. How can you count something if you do not know it exists?

Estimating the number of undiagnosed diabetics, I discovered, is relatively easy. All the IDF had to do was to arrange tests for a sample of people living in a particular area. The tests, which are carried out by the IDF's national associates, identify both known and unknown cases of diabetes, and it is a simple mathematical exercise to extrapolate to the population as a whole with a high degree of accuracy.

Many (but not all) persons who know they have the disease will be making some attempts to beat their diabetes. The problem with undiagnosed diabetes is that these diabetics will not be managing their blood glucose levels and may be developing complications, such as kidney disease, heart failure, retinopathy and neuropathy, unbeknownst to themselves.

Regional differences

The Diabetes Atlas provides statistics for 219 countries which the IDF have grouped into seven regions: Africa, Europe, the Middle East & North Africa, North America & the Caribbean, South & Central America, South-east Asia, and the Western Pacific.

The IDF estimates that 80% of diabetics live in low- and middle-income countries where the disease is increasing very fast and posing a threat to development. The prevalence of diabetes, however, varies broadly from region to region and country to country. It also varies widely within regions … to an amount that suggests that the grouping of countries into regions by the IDF needs revising.

While about 8% of adults (aged 20-79) in the Western Pacific have diabetes, in certain countries in that region the proportion of adult diabetics is much higher. In Tokelau, for example, 37.5% of adults are diabetic. The figure for the Federated States of Micronesia is 35%.

In the Middle East and North Africa, nearly 11% of adults have diabetes. However this is an average for the entire region and the figures for the Arabian Gulf states are much higher, more than double the average, with 24% of adults in Saudi Arabia, 23.1% in Kuwait and 22.9% in Qatar being diabetic.

Undiagnosed diabetes also varies from region to region. In some countries in sub-Saharan Africa up to 90% of diabetics are undiagnosed, mainly due to a lack of resources and priorities. By contrast, in high-income countries about one-third of the people with diabetes have not been diagnosed.

In most countries diabetes is increasing in tandem with rapid economic development, which is leading to changes in diets, aging populations, increasing urbanization, reduced physical activity and unhealthy behavior. Many Governments, however, seem to be unaware of the growing crisis and the likelihood of serious consequences that could stifle their countries' development.

Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)

The IDF estimates that about 316 million people or 6.9% of adults (20-79) have impaired glucose tolerance (IGT). By 2035 this number is expected to have risen to 471 million (8.0% of the world's adult population).

This is serious, as people with IGT or pre-diabetes have significantly increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes. IGT is also linked with the development of cardiovascular disease.

The majority of adults with IGT (about 3.5% of the world's total adult population) are under the age of 50 and are thus at a high risk of becoming type 2 diabetics later in life. Even more worry-some is the fact that nearly 1/3 of all those who have IGT are aged 20 to 39 years. Unless they overhaul their life-styles these people are automatically guaranteed to become diabetic later in life.

Adding the number of diabetics worldwide (382 million) to the number of people with IGT (316 million) gives a total of 698 million. In other words, nearly 10% of the total population of the world or over 15% of all adults (20-79) have either diabetes or pre-diabetes.

By comparison, only 33.4 million people on this planet are living with HIV / AIDS … about 1 / 20th of all diabetics and pre-diabetics. It's glaringly obvious that diabetes and pre-diabetes represent a massive crisis that is threatening to overwhelm global health systems.

Deaths

Received opinion is that the medical complications caused by diabetes, such as heart failure and kidney disease, are major causes of death in most countries.

However, it is very difficult to accurately estimate the number of deaths because (a) more than a third of countries do not maintain data on death due to diabetes and (b) routine health statistics under-record these deaths, because the death certificates on Which these statistics are based on omit diabetes as a cause of death.

To overcome these problems, the IDF uses a modeling approach to estimate the number of deaths attributable to diabetes, and appears to have come up with some reasonable estimations.

Diabetes is expected to be the cause of about 5.1 million deaths in adults aged between 20 and 79 in 2013 and nearly half (48%) of these will be people under the age of 60. Diabetes ranks as a leading cause of premature death.

These deaths represent about 8.4% of all deaths of adults (20-79). Deaths due to diabetes are increasing. The estimated overall number of deaths in 2013 represents an 11% increase over the estimates for 2011. Death from diabetes is on a rising trend.

Health costs

There is no cure for diabetes. For this reason, diabetics have to look after their health assiduously. Where they are unable to control their diabetes through diet and exercise, they have to resort to regular medication. This can be expensive both for health systems and for diabetics and their families.

The IDF has estimated global health spending on diabetes to be at least USD 548 billion dollars in 2013 … 11% of the total spent on adult health. This is expected to exceed USD 627 billion by 2035.

Where diabetes is undiagnosed, the benefits of early diagnosis and treatment are lost. Thus, the costs relating to undiagnosed diabetes must be considerable. One study found that undiagnosed diabetes in the USA was responsible for an additional USD 18 billion in healthcare costs in one year.

There are large disparities in spending between regions and countries. Only 20% of global health expenditure on diabetes was made in the low- and middle-income countries where 80% of diabetics live. On average, the estimate spend in 2013 is USD 5,621 per diabetic in high-income countries but only USD 356 in low- and middle-income countries.

However, when individual countries are compared, the disparities are extremely stark. Norway spends an average of USD 10,368 on diabetes healthcare per diabetic, while countries such as Somalia and Eritrea spend less than USD 30.

The costs associated with diabetes, however, are much greater that just the costs of providing the appropriate health services. The overall costs include losses in productivity, social costs such as disability payments, and losses of income. Without a doubt, diabetes imposes a heavy economic burden on countries, families and individuals.

To find out more, visit IDF Diabetes Atlas where you can download the book free of charge.

If you explore the site, you'll also find plenty more statistics if you click on Diabetes: Facts & Figures .

Summary

Total world population in 2013 (2035): 7.2 billion (8.7 billion)

Adult (20-79 years) population 2013 (2035): 4.6 billion (5.9 billion)

———-

Number of diabetics in 2013 (2035): 382 million (592 million)

Adult (20-79) diabetics in 2013 (2035): 8.3% (10.1%)

Number of pre-diabetics (IGT) in 2013 (2035): 316 million (471 million)

Adult (20-79) pre-diabetics (IGT) in 2013 (2035): 6.9% (8.0%)

Undiagnosed diabetics in 2013: 175 million (46% of all diabetics)

———-

80% of diabetics live in low- and middle-income countries

Number of deaths of adults (20-79) in 2013: 5.1 million

———-

Health expenditure for diabetes in 2013 (2035): US $ 548 billion (US $ 627 billion)

Only 20% of total health expenditure spent in low- and middle-income countries

Total healthcare spend per diabetic in Norway: US $ 10,368

Total healthcare spend per diabetic in Somalia: US $ 30

———-

How To Eliminate Fear of the Lacrosse Ball

Fear of the lacrosse ball is a common trait that every goalie goes through. I don’t care what experienced goalies say. They may have forgotten the times they had fear of the ball if they haven’t experienced it in a while. Or they are just trying to act tough. It doesn’t matter. We all go through it, and today I want to give you two quick tactics for eliminating fear, or at least reduce it.

As a young goalie I experienced fear of the ball every time I moved up a level. Whether it was Junior High School to High School, or High School to college level, the increased speed of the ball caused me to be a bit afraid.

I wasn’t afraid of the balls going in the net. For some reason I was OK with the fact that I was young, these guys were older, and I wasn’t expected to stop those balls just yet. No, it was the fear of getting hit with the ball.

But the number one way to get over fear of getting hit with the ball was to pad up. And that is my recommendation to you today. The number one way to prevent fear of the ball is…

#1) Put on more protective equipment.

Here’s the number one reason why you won’t do this… Peer pressure. That’s it. You see the college goalies online wearing next to nothing and you think. “That’s what I’m supposed to look like. That’s what a great goalie looks like.” Well, that’s not true.

Elite goalies are getting shot on, most often, by elite shooters. These shooters can pick a corner from twenty yards. The odds of them rifling the ball of the goalies thigh is small. But for you, the young developing goalie, that’s not the case. I always say that as a lacrosse goalie you are one bad shot away from developing fear of the ball.

As a fifth grader, my school had a rule that I had to wear equipment from head to toe. As goofy as that may sound, and as heavy and slow as I felt in the cage, I had no fear of the ball. That’s because there wasn’t a spot on my that wasn’t protected. What it allowed me to do was focus on only stopping the ball. I just had to worry about seeing it, and getting something in front of it. A perfect learning environment.

So put away your fear of looking odd to your friends who are NOT in the cage and put on some football pants and some shin guards. Put on some shoulder pads if you don’t have shoulder caps on your chest protector and see how much better you feel in the cage.

#2) Have the shooters back up in practice.

Now I know you can’t have shooters back up in games. But you can have them back up in practice to give you more time to react to the ball. Fear of the ball goes away the further the shooter is from the cage. It’s that simple. So have your coach move players back in practice. Throw down some cones so that they know where to shoot from.

If the distance you can safely see a ball from is fifteen yards then throw down a stick or a set of gloves and tell the shooters to get their shots off before that line. If it’s twelve yards or ten yards, move it in a bit. Either way, the shooters will know, and you will feel confident knowing that the shots are coming from a distance you can handle.

Game Day

On game day, feel free to strip down to what an elite goalie should look like, if you must. But I’ll bet you, you’ll feel so confident in the cage with some extra padding on that you won’t want to take it off.

February is Heart Month

February is Heart Month

According to the American Heart Association, cardiovascular diseases, including stroke, are our nation’s No. 1 killer. To urge Americans to join the battle against these diseases, since 1963 Congress has required the president to proclaim February “American Heart Month.”  As it is heart month it is important that we all understand what a heart attack is, what SCA is and what a stroke is and how to react to these emergencies.  No matter what the emergency it is Heart Attack, Stroke or Sudden Cardiac Arrest it is important to act in time.  If you recognize any of the following signs call 911 fast.   

Common warning signs of a heart attack are:

·          Chest discomfort in the center of the chest that may feel like an uncomfortable pressure, squeezing fullness or pain

·          Discomfort in other areas of the upper body. This may include pain or discomfort in one or both arms, the back, neck, jaw or stomach.

·          Shortness of breath with or without chest discomfort

·          Other signs may include breaking out in a cold sweet, nausea or lightheadedness.

Just remember if you are not sure be safe and call 911

Common warning signs of a stroke are:

·          Sudden numbness or weakness of the face, arm or leg, especially on one side of the body

·          Sudden confusion, trouble speaking or understanding

·          Sudden trouble seeing in one or both eyes

·          Sudden trouble walking, dizziness, loss of balance or coordination

·          Sudden severe headache with no know cause

Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA):

SCA is often caused by the electrical system in your heart not working normally.  The heart muscle receives impulses out of sequence causing the heart to quiver.  The person will be unresponsive and not breathing.  The steps of CPR should be started immediately.  If you do not know how to perform CPR and you witness an adult collapse, determine if he/she is unresponsive and call 911 then start chest compressions.  Place your hands on the center of the chest and compress at about a rate of 100 compressions per minute.  Continue compressions until help arrives.

CPR:

CPR is easy to learn and there are classes taught under the American Heart Association guidelines offered around the country.  If you do not have time to take a class you can learn CPR at home.  The American Heart Association Family and Friends CPR Anytime kits are available for both Adult/Child CPR and Infant CPR.  Kits are $34.95 and include an inflatable manikin, DVD, booklet and accessories.    All you need to do is put in the DVD and follow along.  CPR Anytime Kits are available online at www.LifeSaversInc.com.   Remember, You can help save a life.

Back Acne Treatment – Bring on the Sexy Back in 4 Effective Methods

If it is hard for you to look for a solution on your acne on the face, wait until you have to scour for a back acne treatment. For one, it will be difficult for you to judge you have one without you feel like there are zits growing on this oily part of the body. Second, there is a huge chance that you would not practice care since you can always wear something to cover them.

Regardless, acne is always dirty and totally bad for your skin. So even if it is on your back, it is your mission to get rid of them immediately. You may want to try these following tips:

1. Apply benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid. Of all medications that are being used on the skin, these two are considered to be subtler. They can also be purchased over the counter. You can just ask someone from your friends or family to help you out with the application if you can no longer reach the acne.

However, before you apply them, you should take a bath first or remove any sweat. This way, you can also get rid of the dirt and crime that may get in to the pores or get mixed with the medications once you apply them. You also need to follow the directions carefully. After all, as gentle as they may be, they are still chemicals.

2. Consult a physician. Normally, the chemicals mentioned above will be enough to remove your back acne in a matter of days. If they do not, though, or worse they tend to multiply faster, it could mean that you require a much stronger medication, even antibiotics, so see your doctor.

At this point, you should not do this alone. Make sure that you can refer your case to a doctor, especially a dermatologist. These drugs can be aggressive, and if you do not seek help, you could end up using the wrong one. You may put your life at risk.

3. Try some of the natural remedies. There are also certain natural treatments that may provide you with comfort and relief from your back acne. These include tea tree oil, which is effective in controlling the spread of the infection. Aloe, on the other hand, can reduce the swelling and redness of the acne. Like lavender essential oil, this herb can also reduce the possibility of scarring your back.

Natural Ways To Treat Baby’s Eczema

Eczema is a common skin condition in babies usually developing around two and six months. The condition can, however appear at any other given age and it is characterized by dry, itchy red patches that can be very uncomfortable for the baby. A baby should naturally have silky smooth skin that is healthy, but a number of babies do not enjoy this as a result of the eczema. There are of course many medications including topical creams out there designed to treat the skin condition, but natural methods are best and there are a number of natural methods you can use to treat your baby’s skin and soothe it.

Use pressed oil

Sunflower and coconut oils make the best oil remedies for eczema in babies. Coconut moisturizes the skin and has antibacterial properties that help reduce eczema and the risks of the condition. The sunflower oil, on the other hand is rich in fatty acids that are helpful in treating the condition. It improves the barrier function of baby’s skin and keeps it moisturized thus improving the condition greatly. The pressed oil of sunflower or coconut can be massaged on the baby’s skin daily to help treat eczema and keep the skin moisturized to minimize the risks.

Use oatmeal baths

Ground oats are very effective in relieving skin irritations and they also help in relieving itching that is associated with eczema. You can use baths to reduce inflammation and to also normalize skin pH. A simple way of using this natural treatment is to take a handful of colloidal oatmeal in a sock and then hold under running bath water. The water should be milky in appearance before you give the baby a bath in the water. The oatmeal in the sock can also be secured and left in the bath water. Regular baths will fetch you desired skin results.

Use breathable light fabrics

Overheating is among the factors that contribute to eczema and it is therefore important to ensure that you choose breathable and lightweight fabrics that keep your baby warm, but at the same time allow proper circulation to avoid the development or worsening of eczema. It is actually a good idea to choose organic fabrics when buying your baby clothes because they do not have any irritating chemicals that could give rise to eczema.

Use natural baby products

A nice smelling baby is very appealing, but this does not mean putting the health of your baby at risk. To treat eczema, you should avoid topical baby products that contain irritants and harsh chemicals for that matter. Such products will only worsen the condition and its best that you settle for natural baby products that are mild and gentle on the skin. Some products containing lavender oil and colloidal oatmeal can be very good in treating the skin condition. Be careful with the creams and moisturizers you choose for the baby so you can get natural ingredients that will help treat the condition and maintain the healthy baby skin.

Magnesium Deficiency and Heart Disease

You may not know that Magnesium plays a very important role in treating heart disease.
All muscles require magnesium to function properly. If the levels of magnesium is too low in your body, you might have irregular heartburn and/or calcification of heart muscle cells that causes the development of scar tissue. Also it can cause the damage of arterial lining and allow fat to accumulate in your body’s blood vessels. Magnesium deficiency accompanies the major heart disease risk factors including:

1.High cholesterol level:
Magnesium deficiency increases triglycerides and bad cholesterol levels, while decreasing the level of good cholesterol.

2. High blood pressure:
Study suggests that high blood pressure could be significantly lowered by a diet high in magnesium, potassium, and calcium, and low in sodium and fat. Diets that provide plenty of fruits and vegetables which are good sources of potassium and magnesium are consistently associated with lower blood pressure.

3. Diabetes.
If you have low magnesium levels in you blood, study shows that magnesium deficiency can cause insulin resistance and eventually type 2 diabetes.

4. Abdominal obesity
If you are magnesium deficiency, you are probably carrying extra weight around your mid-section. That’s one of the hallmark signs of metabolic syndrome that causes fat to be stored in dangerous areas, such as deep in the abdomen or around the liver, muscle, and heart tissues.

In order to prevent all problems caused by magnesium deficiency in your body, supplements of magnesium is recommended or natural foods that contain high amounts of magnesium such as nuts, legumes, and leafy greens should be eaten regularly. Please consult with your doctor before adding magnesium supplement in your diet.

If you are taking calcium supplements, be sure to check your magnesium levels. Magnesium and calcium intake ratio is 2:1. Otherwise it might increase risk of heart disease.

If you would like to read more of the above subject, please visit:
http://hearandminerals.blogspot.com

Bacterial Vaginosis & Thrush Differences – 2 Serious Conditions That Can Happen Due To BV

Bacterial vaginosis and thrush, how much alike are these two vaginal infections. Most infections are alike in many ways bringing similar symptoms, however they’re named differently for a reason this being due to symptoms that are not similar therefore treatments will differ. In answer to the question about bacterial vaginosis and thrush being alike, well they do both affect the vagina, but having said that their symptoms differ due to one being a yeast infection and the other bacterial.

You are not to ignore either of these vaginal infections or expect further issues. To avoid any unnecessary problems you must seek help from your doctor. Infection not treated right away will prolong the healing period where medication has to work harder. You can stop complications simply by acting fast.

Your first experience of having bacterial vaginosis (BV) or thrush, you are not to panic as both infections is common and treatable. These are not conditions where you have to worry about making your will out. Yeast fungus Candida Albicans causes thrush. It is not harmful and lives on the skin. It is vital it stays under control, otherwise the slightest upset can give rise for it to act up and bring infection.

Things that can cause thrush to develop:

1. Pregnancy, don’t let this become a worry it is not harmful to the baby. A doctor would always monitor the pregnant woman who has thrush, and likely prescribe pessaries or cream.

2. Another cause for thrush is down to clothing. Tight garments especially underwear is not good. Loose cool airy fabrics around the genital area helps protect against infection. Ignore synthetics such as nylon it hampers ventilation

3. Antibiotics, sadly you find yourself in a dilemma, so no way of avoiding infection happening. Not every woman taking antibiotics will get thrush. This is just a pointer to say it can happen as a result of antibiotics.

4. Chemotherapy can bring an episode of thrush as well as uncontrolled diabetes, stress and Illness that affects the immune system.

5. Particular products purposely designed for the vagina can cause irritation which in return the outcome is thrush.

Thrush symptoms:

  • Primary sign of thrush is vaginal or vulva itch
  • Anus vagina or vulva redness
  • Odourless vaginal discharge (white and thick)
  • Burning feeling and soreness during sexual intercourse or urination

BV Symptoms:

  • Watery white or greyish discharge
  • Smelly discharge (often described as fishy)
  • Discomfort when urinating
  • Bleeding (not all the time)
  • Painful sex

BV differs to the thrush infections commonest symptom that being it does not cause itchiness.

A course of antibiotic tablets usually a 7 day amount (metronidazole), is the typical medication and dosage for treating bacterial vaginosis. It is an antibiotic that does not agree with alcohol. Mixing the two it reacts causing the patient to feel ill. Metronidazole fights bacteria in the body and is a very effective treatment for bacterial infections of the vagina, respiratory tract skin, joints, and stomach. However, not a medicine for clearing vaginal yeast infections and neither viral infections. The good news is BV can disappear by itself without having to see a doctor, but are you willing to take that chance and allow the infection to get worse. Why risk other conditions developing.

Research findings showed that pelvic inflammatory disease as well as HIV could likely be got by women diagnosed with bacterial vaginosis. Not like BV or thrush conditions PID and HIV are very serious problems indeed..