Ulcers can develop in the stomach, duodenum or the esophagus. There is a misconception that ulcers develop due to stress or eating spicy food. However, the actual cause of ulcers is a bacterium known as Helicobacter pylori. No doubt, stress and spicy food tends to make the ulcers worse. Also, certain medications like NSAIDs can lead to ulcers.
Some of the symptoms of ulcers include pain in the abdomen accompanied with burning sensation, pain in the stomach after eating, heartburn, nausea, burping, indigestion, loss of weight, having poor or no appetite, vomiting, stomach pain increasing in degree when the stomach is empty and the stomach pain alleviating after drinking a glass of milk. If you suffer from these symptoms, then in all probability you are suffering from an ulcer. Usually, you will have to adopt lifestyle changes and also take certain medicines. Sometimes, over the counter medication is advised for patient suffering from ulcers.
Some of the over-counter medications for stomach ulcers are as follows:
• Antacid: This is the most frequently used over the counter medication. It is available in the form of a tablet or syrup. You may have to take the antacid with a prescription acid blocker. Antacid is known to neutralize the pains in the stomach and providing immediate relief from the pain.
• Proton pump inhibitor: This is a medication that helps to block the pumps present in cells of the stomach that secret the acid. Once the pump is blocked, the cells no longer secret the acid for digesting of food and hence, a person will ulcers will feel no pain.
• Acid blocker: There are some acid blockers that can be purchased over the counter. These blockers help in the reduction of hydrochloric acid that is secreted into the stomach to aid digestion. On reduction of the acid, the pain caused due to ulcers is relieved and this also helps in healing of the ulcers.