Most common forms of ovarian cysts usually heal with time, sometimes without even a symptom to let the person know something is going on. On some occasions, ovarian cyst removal must be preformed in order to prevent any future physical complications.
Some of the common reasons to have ovarian cyst removal generally have to do with the condition of the cyst it's self including:
o Large, solid or strangely shaped
o High possibility of cancer
o Amount of pain being experienced due to rupturing or twisting
o Patient Age: The older you are the more likely the ovarian cyst can become cancerous.
Before any decision for ovarian cyst removal can be made, your family doctor or a specialist will do several tests in order to make sure of what they are up against and if the diagnosis of ovarian cysts is correct. Sometimes it can be difficult to determine if you actually do have ovarian cyst or another physical problem due to the generic symptoms most people suffer from. These tests can range from simple blood tests, x-ray, and ultrasounds or a CT scan.
Once the proper determination has been made about the type, shape and make up of the ovarian cyst then a choice can be made about the type of cyst removal procedure the patient will have to undergo. Ovarian cyst removal does not necessarily mean that your ovary will have to be removed.
There are two main forms of ovarian cyst removal: Open Surgery and Laparoscopic Surgery. Open surgery is reserved for cysts that are generally larger or more difficult to treat including severe twisting or bleeding. Laparoscopic surgery is less evasive, only requiring 3 to 4 small incisions usually no more then a inch long to be made so special designed tools can be passed through in order to perform the ovarian cyst removal with the least amount of trauma.
No matter what type of ovarian cyst removal surgery you under go, the surgeon will always look for any signs of cancer. If cancer is discovered, it may be necessary for one or both of your ovaries to be removed in order to prevent it from spreading further. After the cyst is removed, it will be sent to a pathologist for testing to be performed and rule out the presence of cancer.
Once the cyst removal is complete you should not experience any post op complications. Depending on type of surgery you had, Open or Laparoscopic and what all was done, will determine the length of time for you to recover. Just keep a close eye on your physical condition and if you have any questions do not hesitate to call your doctor.