Osteoporosis is a diseases that affects the strength of bones and could lead to fractures. The bone mineral density is reduced, the structure of the bone is changed and the collagen amounts present in the bones is altered when a person has osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is most prominent in women older than 55. The World Health Organization (WHO) claims that osteoporosis is due to a loss in density in bone mass. The bone mass has a mineral density of 2.5 standard deviations less than peak bone mass of a healthy 20-year-old female.
Osteoporosis occurs mostly in women following menopause, in which its name is postmenopausal osteoporosis. Osteoporosis can also occur in males and can occur in anyone that suffers from a particular hormonal disorder and any other chronic diseases. Medications can also cause osteoporosis, which can lead to a lowered life expectancy and a poorer quality of life. To treat osteoporosis, doctors prescribe medicines and inform their patients of eating plenty of calcium, vitamin D, and also to prevent falling down. The risk of having bone fractures with osteoporosis is greater if the patient falls down regularly.
There are no definitive symptoms of osteoporosis but there is always that increased risk of bone fractures. Since the fractures normally occur in people who are fairly healthy, they are named fragility fractures. The fractures usually occur in the hip, wrist, rib and vertebrae column. Osteoporosis is part of a circular pattern of problems in the elder members of society. The risk of falling is increased later in life due to impaired eyesight. Impaired eyesight can be caused by glaucoma and or macular degeneration. Other risks of falling in the elderly come from balancing disorders, dementia, and/or movement disorders such as Parkinson’s disease.
There are plenty of risks that aid in the development of osteoporosis that can be easily avoidable. Excessive drinking starting at a young age increases the likelihood of osteoporosis, a deficiency of vitamin D, smoking tobacco, malnutrition, low body mass, physical inactivity and the drinking of certain soft drinks because they include phosphoric acid. The phosphoric acid drinks tend to remove calcium-containing drinks from people’s diets, which in turn limits the amount of calcium in the body.
Doctors recommend that patients suffering from osteoporosis need to have a strong intake of vitamin D and calcium to strengthen their bones and body mass. Doctors also suggest continued exercise such as aerobic, weight lifting, resistance exercises. Prevention of osteoporosis starts at a young age by not drinking alcohol heavily or smoking tobacco products on a regular basis since both of these have been directly linked to causing osteoporosis.
Proper nutrition, exercise and any needed medication throughout one’s life can also help to prevent osteoporosis. Experts have estimated that 1 in women and 1 in 12 men over the age of 50 on a worldwide scale have osteoporosis. Osteoporosis has also been deemed responsible for millions of fractures per year. The treatment for osteoporosis took a step in the right direction in the 1960’s with the development of bisphosponates, the main drug used against the condition. Such medications include Boniva and Actonel.