Diet and nutrition can contribute to a person's chances of conceiving, and studies show that omega-3 from fish oil pills can boost fertility in both men and women. Omega-3 supplements have been found to regulate hormone levels and create an ideal environment for a healthy pregnancy. Omega-3 fatty acids also have a positive effect on specific problems with male and female infertility.
Omega-3 for Female Fertility
The first condition required for female fertility is a healthy and regular menstrual cycle with minimal cramps and pre-menstrual syndrome. If a woman's menstrual cycle is too irregular, it will be difficult for her to predict her most fertile days and schedule intercourse around it. Women with irregular menstrual cycles are also likely to experience anovulation, a condition where the ovaries fail to release a mature egg. Women who take daily doses of omega-3 fatty acids have observed decreased menstrual clamps, less clots in their menstrual blood, and fewer PMS symptoms like depressions.
Aside from these benefits, research shows that omega-3 fatty acids can treat polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a form of infertility closely related to high insulin levels. Simply reducing insulin levels will not treat PCOS; studies show that an imbalance in eicosanoids also triggers this condition. Clinical studies on women with PCOS show that consuming omega-3 supplement with long-chain EPA increased their chances of getting pregnant and reduced the risk of miscarriage. They also had lower rates of premature births, which can cause a number of developmental problems in childhood.
Even if you do not have PCOS, consuming fish oil supplements is essential for pre-natal care. 60% of the human brain structure is made up of omega-3 fatty acids, and the mother's omega-3 stores are critical for the baby's brain development. The baby's need for long-chain DHA is greatest during the third trimester as this is when neurons and nerve cells are formed at a prodigious rate. Without an adequate supply of omega-3 fatty acids, the baby's brain can not keep up with the need for DHA, and he or she could be at risk for learning disorders and other developmental problems.
Omega-3 for Male Fertility
Omega-3 essential fatty acids are critical for a healthy prostate gland and sperm production. The anti-inflammatory capabilities of omega-3 fatty acids prevent a condition called prostatitis, or the swelling of the prostate. Daily doses of fish oil lower blood pressure and moderate the amount of blood that travels to the genitals and prostate. This lowers the risk of erectile dysfunction and promotes a healthy prostate. However, male fertility involves more than just healthy sperm production. For an egg to be fertilized, sperm needs to be strong, plentiful, mobile, and healthy.
Omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA make up part of the structure of all cell membranes in the body, including sperm cells. Research shows that men with low sperm viability and poor sperm motility have low levels of DHA in their sperm cells when compared to fertile men. Often, low DHA levels in sperm are related to unhealthy eating habits of infertile men. When the body has more cholesterol than omega-3 fatty acids, cholesterol makes up part of the sperm membrane's structure, preventing it from maturing properly. Not only are immature sperm cells unable to penetrate the egg, but they also create free radicals that cause the oxidation of healthier sperm cells. Fortunately, this situation can be reversed with daily consumption of omega-3 supplements.
Omega-3 fatty acids are critical to forming and sustaining life, and every fertility diet should make room for this importance substance. Make fish oil supplements a part of your pre-natal care and fertility plan.