Obesity and overweight in Children, Teens and Adults

Obesity and overweight are referred as the accumulation of excess fat content in the body. Obesity and overweight occurs when the body consumes more calories than it burns.

Body mass index is generally used by the medical practitioner to confirm the obesity and over weight in the body. Body mass index is a table form used to calculate the overweight and obesity in children, teens and adults. Body mass index plays the key role in defining the basal Metabolism rate . If your body system faces low metabolism rate, then your body faces problems in several process like digestion, regulation of blood and fat conversion. Due to this problems you body will be gaining more over weight and obesity.

Body mass index table is useful in calculating the measure of obesity and overweight for children, teenagers and adults. It is used as a rough guide by all the medical practitioners.

Defining over weight and obesity:

Overweight: If the BMI is equal to or greater than 25 kg/m2 then it is considered as overweight.

Severe obesity
: if the body mass index (BMI) is more than 40 kg/m2 then it is considered as severe obesity.

Morbid obesity
: If the BMI rate ranges between 40.0 kg/m2 to 49.9 kg/m2 then it is considered as morbid obesity.

Super obesity
: if the BMI rate is greater than 50 kg/m2 then it is considered as super obese.

Information about over weight and obesity: From the statistical records of WHO (world health organization), they are around 1.6 million teens were facing overweight and 400 million adults were facing obesity problem. And 20 million children around the age of 5 years were facing overweight problem. There will be increase in death rate by 50% in next ten years.

World health organization made an estimation factor, that is by 2015 there will be 700 million people in the world will be facing obesity problem and 2.3 billion teens will be facing overweight problem. These overweight and obesity problems are like an epidemicdisease in both developed/undeveloped nations.

Causes of overweight and obesity:

The modern life styles, fat food transitions, less physical activity jobs, technology in office and home and increase in use of transport are the factors driving overweight and obesity.

Common health consequences by over weight and obesity are:

• Prostate, Breast, Kidney, Endometrial, Colon and throat cancer.
• Osteoarthritis
• Heart disease
• Type-1,Type 2 diabetes
• Breathing difficulties (asthma).
• Fatty liver disease
• Gallbladder disease
• Chronic Venus insufficiency
• Deep vein thrombosis
• Arthritis
• Musculoskeletal disorders
Prevention of overweight and obesity: By following these steps overweight and obesity can be prevented in the early stages of the occurrence.

• Take less calories and burn more calories
• Take protein diet food
• Stop alcohols and drugs
• Maintain balance weight
• Perform physical exercise
• Avoid taking fat content foods
• Avoid beverages which contain high sugar kevels.
• Take calorie deficit foods like fruits and vegetables.

Obesity and overweight in children, teenagers and adults are measured by using the rough guide of body mass index table. A body mass index table defines the difference between overweight and obesity. Health risk problems caused by both overweight and obese are common in nature. Prevention of overweight and obesity is must and should in the early stage to lead a healthy life without any health problems.