The Link Between Obesity and Diabetes
Physicians usually refer to diabetes by its full, medical name diabetes mellitus. According to the Merck Manual of Medical Information, 2nd Edition, diabetes mellitus is defined as "a disorder in which blood sugar (glucose) levels are abnormally high because the body does not produce enough insulin." Insulin is a hormone that's released from the pancreas to control the amount of sugar in the blood. If the body does not produce enough insulin to move sugar into receptive cells, the result is a very high level of sugar in the blood, and not enough sugar in cells. This state is what produces the symptoms and complications of diabetes mellitus.
There are two types of diabetes:
Type One reiterates to the juvenile or early insect, insulin-dependent form of diabetes. This is not an obesity-related form of diabetes. People who develop this form do so before age 30; only 10% of all diabetics have type one.
Type Two usually develops between age 30 and age 70. Obesity is the chief risk factor for developing type 2 diabetes, and 80% – 90% of people who have this disease are obese. Obesity causes insulin resistance, so obese diabetics need very large amounts of daily insulin to maintain normal blood sugar levels.
Diabetes mellitus, type 2, causes serious, even fatal, conditions. If you're obese and have any of these symptoms, see your health care provider as soon as possible:
Excessive thirst, excessive urination, and excess appetite.
Excessive drowsiness and chronic fatigue
Decreased endurance during exercise
Rapid, unexplained weight loss
Deep, rapid breathing
Breath that smells like nail polish remover – This is a symptom of ketoacidosis, and can result in coma and death within hours if not immediately treated.
By now, it's obvious that diabetes is an extremely dangerous disease. It's also obvious that since obesity can be preceded by proper diet and exercise, diabetes can be preceded among people who have the early-type type. Obesity is not about how you look in a bathing suit; it's about your life, and how you live it.
Compilations that arise among obese diabetics include:
Arthherosclerosis is a thickening and / or leaking of the blood vessels. This causes reduced blood supply to arms and legs. Over time, atherosclerosis leads to loss of feelings in the hands and feet, and peripheral (hands and feet) neuropathy (lack of blood supply to hands and feet). Treatment for this condition is usually not effective. Gangrene invades "dead" tissue; without medical action, blood poisoning slowly kills the affected person. Gangrenous tissue can not be saved. The only alternative is complete amputation of the affected arm, hand, feet or leg. Diabetics may have multiple limb amputations.
Poor blood circulation also causes severe heart disease, kidney disease, brain disorders and breakdown of surface skin, causing skin ulcers. Wounds heal very slowly, or not at all. Bacterial and fungal infections are common.
Damage to blood vessels in the eye causes diabetic retinopathy. Sometimes this condition can be treated with laser surgery to seal leaking blood vessels. Too often, the condition leads to partial or total blindness.
Diabetes leads to renal (kidney) failure serious enough to require long-term kidney dialysis or even transplant. Diabetics do not tolerate transplant well and the new kidney is frequently restored.
Damage to the nerves of the skin makes repeated injuries much more likely – even constant – because the diabetic person can not feel changes of pressure or temperature. For example, he / she can not tell that some part of the body is too close to a source of heat, cold, or is being pressed by a heavy object.
Diabetics often develop mental health problems like chronic depression because of their low quality of life. Living with open wounds, infections, amputations, being confined to a bed or wheelchair, kidney dialysis or lingering – waiting – for a kidney transplant are very depressing conditions. Fragile diabetics also experience marital problems and divorce due to the burdens placed upon spouses (and children) who must fulfill the role of caregivers. Adding to the fragile diabetics self-esteem problems is that he / she is unable to work and must live on disability pay.
Are you convinced, after reading this article, that if you're obese and you do not lose weight, you will either die from diabetic complications, or you will live a life filled with horrible medical conditions? This does not have to happen! Right now, today, you can start making reasonable weight loss goals. You can make the decision that you value your health – and your life – to the amount that you will take charge of your weight loss plan.
Remember to consult your health care provider about establishing a reasonable, healthy weight loss plan! If you need help, as most people do, look for a appetite suppressant fat burner; reducing hunger cravings and super-charging your metabolism to give you more energy and fat-burning capacity will greatly increase your ability to stick with your diet and exercise program. Diabetes is a preventable disease!