Despite being rich in essential nutrients and possessing certain therapeutic qualities, bee pollen does have a number of side effects that one must know about. Individuals who are sensitive to the substances may experience a severe reaction if exposed to the material through the air. There are a number of possible bee pollen side effects that could vary from minor reactions to death.
Sneezing is perhaps one of the most common bee pollen side effects. This usually causes the nose to run, the eyes itch and the throat to become considerably scratched. All of these irritations, the runny nose and the discomfort in the eyes and throat, are caused due to the production of histamine, which causes the nose blood vessels to expand. This causes a swelling of the nasal passages and a subsequent feeling of congestion. When pollen enters the body of an individual allergic to pollen, a layer of mucus is formed around the particle and it is coughed out instantly.
Pollen also caused swelling in the area into which it is injected for the purpose of treatment. If the swelling and redness continues for more than twenty-four hours or the diameter of the affected area expands to more than five centimeters, it could cause problems for the individual in question. Antihistamines and cool compresses must be used in order to appease the swelling. However, the swelling should be taken as a signal to lessen the dosage of pollen before serious reactions occur. Before you wish to attempt an increase in dosage again, make sure that you have maintained the dosage level to one that does not cause the allergic reaction for at least a period of two weeks.
Asthma is another common bee pollen side effect. There are certain individuals who are allergic to plant pollen and experience allergy symptoms if they are exposed to it through the air. These symptoms could become serious and trigger asthma attacks. Irritation in the throat and eyes could lead to a grave disease of the respiratory system which could make it difficult for the affected individual to breathe. Moreover, the bronchial passages are likely to get constricted, the production of greater quantities of mucus is triggered and an infection may develop in the bronchial tubes.
The most serious bee pollen side effect is anaphylactic shock. This is a systemic reaction to pollen ingestion. Allergy skin tests and immunotherapy could lead to the blockage of the breathing passages and require an immediate dose of epinephrine. Epinephrine is a hydrochloride intramuscular injection that helps in countering the allergic reaction. The gravity of an anaphylactic shock must not be undermined as it could lead to instant death. It mostly occurs within a couple of minutes following the injection. Allergenic extracts must, therefore, be used only once they are administered by a medical office, so that if a need for emergency response arises, the necessary medical equipment is available to counter the bee pollen side effects as soon as possible.