What are nasal polyps?
It is an abnormal growth of tissue which is projected from a mucous membrane. There are two types of polyps. If it is attaches to the surface by a narrow elongated stalk, it is called as pendunculated and if no stalk is present it is called as sessile.
Polyps can be found commonly inside colon, stomach, nose, sinus, urinary bladder and uterus.
What causes polyps?
Most polyps results due to genetic (DNA) mutation in one of the colon lining cells. You should know that at least five genetic mutations are needed in the same cell before cancer can occur and most polyps are only one mutated gene fortunately. The mutated gene causes chronic inflammation of the mucous membranes lining the nose cavity.
What are the symptoms of the nasal polyps?
Some of the common symptoms for the nasal polyps are:
1. Runny nose
2. Persistent stuffiness
3. Post nasal drip
4. Decreased or no sense of smell
5. Loss of sense of taste
6. Facial pain or headache.
8. Itching around the eyes.
How is it developed?
When the nasal passages and the sinus mucous membrane is chronically inflamed with the signs and the symptoms lasting for 12 weeks, then it is sure for you to understand that you are suffering from the nasal polyps. Nasal polyps can develop in groups or as single throughout the nasal passages or sinus, but they appear most often near the openings to your sinuses.
What are the risk factors?
The risk factors for the nasal polyps are:
• Asthma: – disease that cause inflammation and constriction of airways.
• Aspirin: anti-inflammatory drugs such as ibuprofen, and naproxen
• Allergic fungal sinusitis: – allergy to airborne fungi.
• Cystic fibrosis: – genetic disorder resulting in secretion of abnormal fluids, including mucus from nasal and sinus membranes.
• Age: – common in adults.
• Family history: – inheritance of gene that may make more likely to develop nasal polyps.
What are the prevention methods for the nasal polyps?
Some of the most important prevention methods for the growth of the nasal polyps are:
1. Manage allergies and asthma.
2. Humidify your home.
3. Avoid irritants.
4. Practice good hygiene.
5. Use salt water to rinse your nasal passages.
What are treatment and drugs?
The doctor may prescribe you the following medicine for you to decrease the size of the polyps or eliminate polyps. The drugs treatments are as follows:
1. Nasal corticosteroids (nasal spray to reduce inflammation)
2. Antihistamine: to treat allergies
3. Antibiotics: to treat chronic or recurring infection.
4. Antifungal: to treat symptoms of fungal allergies.
Two types of surgeries are performed for the severe and chronic patients. They are as follows:
1. Polypectomy: uses a small mechanical suction devices or a microdebride (an instrument that cuts and extracts soft tissues)
2. Endoscopic sinus surgery: – inserts endoscope and guides into your sinus cavities or uses tiny instrument to remove polyps.
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