Mitral Valve Stenosis
Mitral valve stenosis, (mitral stenosis) is a narrowing of the mitral valve. With narrowing, the valve does not open properly and obstructs blood flow between the left chambers of the heart.
If not treated, mitral stenosis can weaken the heart, lead to heart failure or heart enlargement, and cause irregular heartbeats. Other potentially serious complications can include stroke, heart infection, pulmonary edema (water on the lungs) and blood clots.
Within a few days, a team of heart valve disease specialists at from We Care coordinates the patient’s care to provide a complete examination, diagnosis and extensive patient education. These specialists see patients ranging from those who might want to have a heart murmur checked, to those who have been told they have advanced mitral heart valve disease.
Symptoms of Mitral Valve Stenosis
- Shortness of breath, especially with physical exertion (exercise) or when the person lies down
- Fatigue, especially during increased activity
- Swollen feet or ankles
- Heart palpitations — sensations of a rapid, fluttering heartbeat
- Dizziness or fainting spells
- Frequent respiratory infections, such as bronchitis
- Heavy coughing, sometimes with blood-tinged sputum
- Rarely, chest discomfort or chest pain
Causes of Mitral Valve Stenosis
Rheumatic fever : – In some people, the body’s response to the strep throat infection leads to mitral valve damage that causes the valve to become inflamed, thicken, and leak (mitral regurgitation)…
Congenital heart defect : – Some infants are born with a narrowed mitral valve and develop mitral stenosis early in life. Babies born with this problem usually…
Mitral Valve Regurgitation
Mitral valve regurgitation, or mitral regurgitation, occurs when the mitral valve doesn’t close tightly and blood flows backward in the heart. Mitral regurgitation from mitral valve prolapse is the most common reason for surgical treatment. If not treated, mitral valve regurgitation can lead to congestive heart failure. Treatment depends on the severity of regurgitation, how far mitral valve disease has progressed, and signs and symptoms of the disease.
Symptoms of Mitral Valve Regurgitation
Signs and symptoms of mitral regurgitation depend on how severely and quickly the condition develops. Most often, mitral regurgitation is mild, and severe mitral regurgitation develops slowly. If no symptoms develop for decades, the patient may not know the condition is present.
Diagnosis of Mitral Valve Disease
Diagnosis begins with a complete physical examination by a team of heart specialists. Patients will be asked about their general health, including signs and symptoms of potential problems, and whether their family has a history of heart disease. Tests listed below may be used to determine the possible cause of a heart valve defect, the severity of the problem, and…
Treatment of Mitral Valve Disease
Treatment options for mitral valve disease can include : –
Careful Monitoring : – If tests reveal a mild to moderate condition and the patient has no symptoms, the physician might suggest regular medical checkups to carefully monitor the mitral valve.
Medications : – Medications can help reduce the heart’s workload and regulate its rhythm. In some cases, medication can slow progressive mitral valve disease. However, no medications can cure heart valve disease.
Surgery for Mitral Valve Disease in India
At some point, the risks from a leaking or narrowed heart valve (including blood clots, heart enlargement, stroke, and heart failure) become greater than the risks of surgery to fix the problem. We Care partner cardiovascular experts…
Surgery to Treat Mitral Regurgitation – Mitral Valve Repair in India
Surgery to fix leaking (regurgitation) due to mitral valve prolapse (bulge due to weakening) depends on the prolapse’s location. The mitral valve is a bileaflets valve; it has two flaps or leaflets: posterior and anterior .
If the prolapse occurs on the posterior leaflet, We Care partner surgeons repair it by removing a section from the bulging area, sewing the cut edges back together, and sewing an annuloplasty band into the posterior section of the annulus (ring of fibrous tissue surrounding the leaflets) to reduce its circumference and ensure that the leaflets close properly. The durability of this repair is very good; only about 0.5 percent of patients per year require a second surgery…
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