Orthopedic surgeries are those that deal with the muscles and skeleton in the human body. This kind of surgery corrects problems that arise in the skeleton, attachments, ligaments and tendons. Some other common problems arise from injury to the spine or damage due to aging. The range of treatments includes traction, amputation, hand reconstruction, spinal fusion, joint replacement etc.
Some of the other type of ailments that orthopedics treat are broken bones, strains, sprains and dislocations. Most of the times, orthopedic surgeries include adding foreign material to the body such as screws, wires, pins, tongs etc. to hold the bone or the artificial bone in place. With advanced technology, there are plenty of improvements made in the replacement of bones and joints and the materials used for replacement.
Here are the most common orthopedic surgeries:
Total Joint Replacement Surgery
Those diagnosed with severe arthritis or severe joint pains are advised to go or total joint replacement surgery. This surgery enables the patient to gain increased range of motion. After recovery, the patient experiences lesser pain and can resume normal life as soon as possible. During the treatment, your surgeon assesses the damaged parts o your joint and replaces it completely with metal or plastic parts that are shaped with near to natural perfection to enable normal movement without pain.
Total Shoulder Replacement
Total shoulder replacement greatly helps reduce pain and improves the joint movements over a period of time. Damaged parts of the bone and cartilage are replaced with metal or plastic. This surgery greatly improves the range of motion too.
Spine surgery is very complicated. There are many ailments that lead to spine surgery. One of the most common reasons cited is severe back pain. This back pain is so severe that it hampers day to day life of the patient. Once the surgery is complete, the patient experiences diminished pain and a dramatic improvement in movement and activity. One of the most common types of back surgeries are spinal fusion. During this procedure, the orthopedic surgeon joins two vertebrae of the back bone together. This restricts the motion and reduces stress on the spinal cord, hence reducing the pain.
ACL stands for Anterior Cruciate Ligament. This is one of the major ligaments that stabilize the knee movements. This ligament needs to be reconstructed when it ruptures. An orthopedic surgeon can easily reconstruct this ligament by using your own tissues or by using tissues from a donor and a new ACL is constructed. The new ligament is secured in place with screws and other devices.
Overall, orthopedic surgeon can replace, reconstruct or cure ailments that are connected to your musculoskeletal system. The results of these treatments ensure that the patient can resume day to day life with diminished pain and increased capability of movement. With advanced technology, near to natural reconstructions are possible and after the patient recovers, he can resume routine life soon.
With the help of physical therapy, movements are refined and patients can move about freely!