Metabolic syndrome is a very dangerous situation. It is a cluster of conditions such as high blood pressure and high blood levels of glucose. Because of that disorder heap, metabolic syndrome raises the risk of heart disease and diabetes.
The likelihood that adolescents will develop metabolic syndrome rises in cases of exposure to tobacco smoke, either through active or passive smoke.
This association is even stronger among teens who are overweight or at risk of being overweight.
According to statistics, the metabolic syndrome primarily strikes those teens who are overweight or at-risk for overweight, a group that has tripled during the last two decades. This makes a growing segment of the youth population uniquely vulnerable to the development of this syndrome and to subsequent premature cardiovascular disease and type II diabetes.
The common causes and risk factor’s of Metabolic syndrome include the following:
The exact cause of metabolic syndrome is not known.
Eating a diet that has too many calories and too much saturated fat, and not getting enough physical activity.
Have a history of type 2 diabetes are at risk for metabolic syndrome X.
A diagnosis of high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease or polycystic ovary syndrome- a similar type of metabolic problem that affects a woman’s hormones and reproductive system- also increases the risk of metabolic syndrome.
Symptoms of Metabolic syndrome
Some sign and symptoms related to metabolic syndrome are as follows:
High blood pressure.
Elevated uric acid levels.
Diagnosing Metabolic Syndrome
While academics attending the ADA’s 66th Scientific Sessions debate and question the importance of clustering certain risk factors under a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome, it’s unarguable value lies in its ability to single out those individuals at risk of developing type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
Translated into practical terms, this means that a person diagnosed as having metabolic syndrome has three times the normal risk of developing cardiovascular disease, as well as three times the normal risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Add to this the recent reliable evidence that lifestyle interventions that result in weight loss can prevent or at least delay the onset of type 2 diabetes, and the importance of diagnosing metabolic syndrome becomes obvious. And there is a more subtle but no less significant reason for diagnosing metabolic syndrome – the fact that insulin resistance is the underlying cause. This is because insulin resistance, by its very nature, makes weight loss on conventional diets almost impossible. Anyone who tries to lose weight on a low fat / high carbohydrate diet in order to significantly increase their life expectancy, is more or less doomed to failure if they have insulin resistance.