Dysmenorrhea (a painful menstruation) is defined as a condition of severe uterine pain during menstruation. Some women may experience periodic pains during or prior to, or after menstrual periods in the lower abdomen as resulting of over production of certain hormones in the prostaglandins family. In traditional Chinese medicine, dysmenorrhea is defined as a pain in the lower abdomen, appearing with menstrual cycle that can spread over to the whole abdomen and lumbosacral region, depending to diagnosis.
Dampness in traditional Chinese medicine is defined as high humidity inside the body, if not treated, it may cause infertility for some women and increase the risk of miscarriage. Symptoms can include
1. A feeling of heaviness
Since spleen is important in digesting and absorbing water, dampness causing abnormal function of spleen in regulating the water metabolism in the body, thus impairing spleen yang that leads to a feeling of heaviness body.
2. Swelling or water retention
High humidity may be caused kidney yin deficiency as resulting of kidney no longer function in regulating the fluid and distribute the fluids according to the needs of each organs, caused by stagnation of qi, leading to water retention and swelling in some parts of the body.
3. Abdomen cramps and pain
As dampness accumulated in the body, it has a tendency to move downward to the legs and settles into lower abdomen, causing abdomen discomfort, cramps and pains.
4. Phlegm discharge
It is caused by stagnation of liver qi which helps spleen and kidney in water metabolism, leading to congealed water metabolism in the body, resulting in phlegm discharge.
5. Loose bowels
Over consumption of cold and raw foods causes food stagnation in the digestive system that impairs spleen yang, a organ in regulating the distribution of water in our body, leading to interior cold, causing loose bowels for some women with dysmenorrhrea.