Menstruation is the shedding of the uterine lining. It is normal to the reproductive system of women and happens on a regular basis. Normal menstruation happens around 3 to 7 days. During the monthly menstrual cycle, female sex hormones prepare the uterus to support a pregnancy. If pregnancy happens menstruation will be suspended until given birth to a child, abortion, or miscarriage. Otherwise, the uterine lining sheds and menstrual blood, tissues, fluid and mucus leave the body through the vagina caused by natural reactions in the female reproductive system due to high levels of certain hormones. Most women get through their monthly periods easily with no problem at all, other women experience many physical and emotional symptoms just before, during, or after menstruation from irregular menstruation, excessive blood discharge, delay of menstruation, menstrual cramps and many other symptoms. In this article, we will discuss the types of menstrual disorder.
Dysmenorrhea (painful menstruation) means that women have periodic pains during or prior to, or after menstrual periods in the lower abdomen caused by disruption within the uterus contraction as a resulting of excess prostaglandins.
Menorrhagia is an abnormally heavy and prolonged menstrual period with excessive menstrual bleeding lasting longer than 7 days or blood loss exceeding 80 ml caused by abnormal blood clotting, disruption of normal hormonal regulation of periods, or disorders of the endometrial lining of the uterus.
3. Fibroids and abnormal uterine bleeding
Fibroids are benign tumors that originate from muscle tissue adhering to either the inner or outer uterine wall as a resulting of varied estrogen levels in the women’s body caused by unhealthy diet, prolong menstruation, emotional distress, physical inactive and abortion.
Amenorrhea is defined as a delay of menstruation. There are 2 types of amenorrhea:
a)Primary amenorrhea is defined as no period by age 16 and
b)Secondary amenorrhea is defined as period begins at the appropriate age, but later stops for more than 3 cycles or 6 months.
5. Premenstrual syndrome
Premenstrual syndrome is referred to symptoms occurring between ovulation and the beginning of menstruation that causes bloating, cramps, fluid retention, breast tenderness, sugar craving and many others such as anxiety, and mood swing as a resulting of excess estrogen that interrupts with liver function.
6. Premenstrual dysphoric disorder
The severe case of premenstrual syndrome that affects approximate 3% to 8% of women in the US alone. It can interfere with a woman’s function, ability, and social or occupational life. Women having a history of major depression, anger or mood disorders are at higher risk for PMDD than other women as resulting of abnormal response to normal hormone levels.
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