Menstrual Cycle, Process of Ovulation and the Ovulation Calendar

Women are responsible for carrying the human race forward by giving birth to offspring. This is only possible because of the reproductive cycle which facilitates the fertilization process. Therefore it is imperative to gain a good understanding on the menstrual cycle, process of ovulation and how an ovulation calendar may assist in conceiving.

The Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle is one of the most intriguing and complicated processes of the female reproductive system. It involves a woman’s sex organs and hormones, like a remote control based in the brain. The menstrual cycle begins at puberty anywhere between 10 to 15 years of age. During this cycle a woman experiences bleeding from the uterus that lasts for three to seven days. Each cycle lasts for approximately 28 days. The menstrual cycle stops at the age of 46 to 60 after which the female reproductive system is unable to conceive.

The menstrual cycle is a natural process that prepares the female reproductive system for conception. Every cycle involves the ripening of a single egg from one of the ovaries. The mature and ripened egg is released by the ovary into the fallopian tube awaiting fertilization by a sperm. The uterus prepares a thickened endometrial (lining) in reparation for an embryo. This bed consists of a network of very fine capillaries or blood vessels that later go on to form the uterine sac for the fertilized egg. If there is no fertilization then thickened lining is discarded along with the egg. This is what is what is commonly known as a period. A new cycle then begins with a fresh ripened egg and is repeated monthly.

Process of Ovulation

The process of ovulation is the most significant factor in the reproductive cycle as it is the only time a female is at her most fertile. This is the part of the cycle where the mature egg is released from the ovary ready for insemination. The egg has a window period of 12 to 24 hours for fertilization to take place. The ovaries produce a large number of eggs of which only one is ripened during each menstrual cycle.

The woman may experience a slight pain on the side from where the egg is released during ovulation. Ovulation can take place as early as the ninth day or as late as the eighteenth day of a menstrual cycle depending on the length of your cycle. It is during this time that a woman has the maximum chances of falling pregnant. The phase before ovulation is known as the follicular phase and the phase after is called the luteal phase.

Ovulation Calendar

An ovulation calendar can assist a woman in determining when their period of ovulation is taking place. By working with the first day of your last menstrual period and the length of your cycle on the whole, the calendar would be able to determine which would be your most fertile days. These calendars work best for women who have regular cycles, as those with irregular cycles may struggle in tracking the average number of days their menstrual cycle lasts. There are many online ovulation calendars available making the process of charting your days of ovulation that much easier.