Medication for Depression

Are you always feeling under the weather?  Does your mood stop you from being with others and having a good time?  Maybe you’ve been suffering from prolonged sadness for quite some time now. If so you should face up to the fact that you are depressed, and get yourself and get a proper diagnosis from a qualified medical practitioner.  It is important to get help with your problem. There are various depression treatments, as well as all sorts of depression medication that doctors prescribe to their patients.  There is no need for you to continue feeling as you do.

Once you have been diagnosed medication can be prescribed.  There are various types of depression and it important to  pinpoint what sort it is in order to get the best medication.  You may be suffering from clinical depression, manic depression, bipolar disorder, and so on. It’s best that you’re sure what you’re actually dealing with since there are various depression medications that are available in the market, you should make sure that you get the most appropriate one to treat your illness.

Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors or SSRIs.  These are compounds used as anti-depressants

Drugs which may be prescribed in this group include:  Citalopram, Dapoxetine, Escitalopram, Fluoxetine, Fluvoxamine, Paroxetine, Sertraline, Zimelidine.  All of these go under a multitude of trade names.

It is not known for sure how these drugs work.  It would seem that symptoms of depression are relieved if there is an increase of serotonin in the brain.  These drugs help the neurotransmitter serotonin to access the parts of the brain which affect mood and behaviour.

The efficacy of SSRIs varies with the make up of each individual so it may take a little time for the doctor to finally decide which is the best for the patient so it is important to report all feelings and mood changes when in consultation. An advantage with SSRIs is that they have fewer side effects than the older drugs.

Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors or SNRIs.  Serotonin influences mood and norepinephrine is believed to influences alertness and energy.

Drugs include:  Venlafaxine, Desvenlafaxine, Duloxetine, Milnacipran, Sibutramine, Tramadol, Bicifadine, SEP-227162

More recent development than SRIs though they act in the same way.

Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors or MAOIs.  This followed TCAs and tend to work on the neurotransmitters.  However, they also cause problems with tyramine which affects blood pressure so need careful tracking.

Drugs include:  Marplan, Nardil, Parnate

A great deal of care needs to be taken over the foods included in the diet.  Many are banned and others have to be moderated.  The doctor will, of course, advise on this.

Tricyclics or TCAs.  This type of medication was first produced in 1950s and was quickly seen as a way of relieving the symptoms of depression.

Drugs in this group include:  Amoxapine, Maprotiline, Mianserin, Mirtazapine, Setiptiline.

TCAs inhibit the reuptake of serotonin, norepinephrine and to a lesser degree dopamine.

These are anti-depressants which were in use before being largely superseded by SSRIS although they are still prescribed and work well for many individuals. These are a group of drugs used to relieve the symptoms in major depression.

Sometimes, doctors actually find it more effective to mix up these depression medications, depending on the needs of the individual. Also the dosages of depression medication can actually be increased or lowered depending on what the doctor finds to be the most effective. However, when it comes to taking these depression medications, patients are highly advised to never mix up depression medications as well as pick out which dosages to take without consulting their doctors first.

Knowing about this illness helps both sufferers and carers. For more information about depression, visit: Depression FAQs